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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641063/launching-adoptees-into-adulthood-mothers-and-fathers-promotion-of-volitional-functioning
#1
Sonia Ranieri, Laura Ferrari, Daniela Barni, Rosa Rosnati
In the psychological literature, there is growing evidence that parental support of children's volitional functioning is one of the most prominent protective factors during adolescence and the transition to adulthood. According to the Self-Determination Theory, children cope best with developmental tasks when they acquire a sense of self-governance and self-endorsed functioning. In the field of adoption research, however, the parental promotion of volitional functioning (PVF) and its relation to the adopted child's development are still underinvestigated...
July 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640812/challenges-in-preparing-and-implementing-a-clinical-trial-at-field-level-in-an-ebola-emergency-a-case-study-in-guinea-west-africa
#2
Sara Carazo Perez, Elin Folkesson, Xavier Anglaret, Abdoul-Habib Beavogui, Emmanuel Berbain, Alseny-Modet Camara, Evelyn Depoortere, Annabelle Lefevre, Piet Maes, Kristian Nødtvedt Malme, Jean-Marie Denis Malvy, Sien Ombelet, Geertrui Poelaert, Daouda Sissoko, Alexis Tounkara, Pierre Trbovic, Pascal Piguet, Annick Antierens
During the large Ebola outbreak that affected West Africa in 2014 and 2015, studies were launched to evaluate potential treatments for the disease. A clinical trial to evaluate the effectiveness of the antiviral drug favipiravir was conducted in Guinea. This paper describes the main challenges of the implementation of the trial in the Ebola treatment center of Guéckédou. Following the principles of the Good Clinical Research Practices, we explored the aspects of the community's communication and engagement, ethical conduct, trial protocol compliance, informed consent of participants, ongoing benefit/risk assessment, record keeping, confidentiality of patients and study data, and roles and responsibilities of the actors involved...
June 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636704/trends-in-nationwide-herpes-zoster-emergency-department-utilization-from-2006-to-2013
#3
Erica D Dommasch, Cara J Joyce, Arash Mostaghimi
Importance: The effect of vaccination on emergency department (ED) utilization for herpes zoster (HZ) has not been examined to date. Objective: To determine trends in US ED utilization and costs associated with HZ. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Nationwide Emergency Department Sample data set was examined for temporal trends in the number of visits and costs for treatment of HZ in EDs in the United States from January 1, 2006, through December 31, 2013...
June 21, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636487/internalized-homonegativity-confucianism-and-self-esteem-at-the-emergence-of-an-lgbtq-identity-in-modern-vietnam
#4
Tam Nguyen, Holly Angelique
We examine the relationships between internalized homonegativity, Confucianism, and self-esteem among LGBTQ adults who grew up during the Open Door Policy, or Đổi Mới, in Vietnam. Participants were identified via activist networks and social media groups. They comopleted on-line survey focused on internalized homo/transphobia, self-estem and confucian values. The study revealed that more exposure to Confucian values in early life is related to higher levels of internalized homonegativity. Male-born participants also had higher level of internalized homonegativity than female-born particiapnts...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636462/are-commercial-complementary-food-distributions-to-refugees-and-migrants-in-europe-conforming-to-international-policies-and-guidelines-on-infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-emergencies
#5
Melissa Ann Theurich, Veit Grote
In 2015, more than one million migrants and refugees arrived in Europe. Commercial complementary foods, processed foods marketed for infants and young children 6-23 months of age, were distributed by various humanitarian actors along migrant routes and in European refugee camps. Unsolicited donations and distributions of commercial complementary food products were problematic and divergent from international policies on infant and young child feeding during humanitarian emergencies. Interim guidance regarding commercial complementary foods was published during the peak of the emergency but implemented differently by various humanitarian actors...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636455/the-role-of-the-healthcare-chaplain-a-literature-review
#6
Fiona Timmins, Sílvia Caldeira, Maryanne Murphy, Nicolas Pujol, Greg Sheaf, Elizabeth Weathers, Jacqueline Whelan, Bernadette Flanagan
Healthcare chaplains operate in many healthcare sites internationally and yet their contribution is not always clearly understood by medical and healthcare staff. This review aims to explore the chaplains' role in healthcare, with a view to informing best practice in future healthcare chaplaincy. Overall the extent of the provision and staffing of chaplaincy service internationally is unclear. From this review, several key spiritual and pastoral roles in healthcare emerge including a potential contribution to ethical decision making at the end of life...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636449/zika-virus-in-ontario-evaluating-a-rapid-risk-assessment-tool-for-emerging-infectious-disease-threats
#7
Ryan Van Meer, Karin Hohenadel, Alanna Fitzgerald-Husek, Bryna Warshawsky, Doug Sider, Brian Schwartz, Mark P Nelder
To determine the Ontario-specific risk of local and travel-related Zika virus transmission in the context of a public health emergency of international concern, Public Health Ontario (PHO) completed a rapid risk assessment (RRA) on January 29, 2016, using a newly developed RRA guidance tool. The RRA concluded that risk of local mosquito-borne transmission was low, with a high risk of imported cases through travel. The RRA was updated 3 times based on predetermined triggers. An independent evaluation assessed both the application of the RRA guidance tool (process evaluation) and the usefulness of the RRA (outcome evaluation)...
May 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636072/using-chief-complaint-in-addition-to-diagnosis-codes-to-identify-falls-in-the-emergency-department
#8
Brian W Patterson, Maureen A Smith, Michael D Repplinger, Michael S Pulia, James E Svenson, Michael K Kim, Manish N Shah
OBJECTIVES: To compare incidence of falls in an emergency department (ED) cohort using a traditional International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) code-based scheme and an expanded definition that included chief complaint information and to examine the clinical characteristics of visits "missed" in the ICD-9-based scheme. DESIGN: Retrospective electronic record review. SETTING: Academic medical center ED. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older seen in the ED between January 1, 2013, and September 30, 2015...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635130/prothrombin-complex-concentrate-for-emergent-reversal-of-warfarin-an-international-survey-of-hospital-protocols
#9
J Gorlin, S Kinney, M K Fung, A Tinmouth
For emergent warfarin reversal, four-factor prothrombin complex concentrates (4FPCCs) are recommended by many international guidelines. We surveyed international clinical sites including members of the Biomedical Excellence for Safer Transfusion (BEST) Collaborative. Most sites have emergent warfarin reversal protocols (53% use PCC, 25% use PCC+ plasma and 2% use plasma alone); however, variation between adjusted dosing and fixed dosing was observed.
June 21, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633903/internal-validation-of-a-scoring-system-to-evaluate-the-probability-of-ureteral-stones-the-chokai-score
#10
Hiroki Fukuhara, Osamu Ichiyanagi, Shinichi Midorikawa, Hiroshi Kakizaki, Hisashi Kaneko, Norihiko Tsuchiya
OBJECTIVE: The CHOKAI and STONE scores are prediction models for ureteral stones. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the diagnostic performance, to examine the optimal cut-off value, and to compare the diagnostic performance of each model. METHODS: Patients who presented to our emergency department with renal colic were considered for this prospective study. We analyzed the predictive performance of both STONE and CHOKAI scores at their optimal cut-off values, using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and area under the curve (AUC), as well as sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (LR+), and negative likelihood ratio (LR-) at the optimal cut-off value...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633745/carcinoma-hemorrhagiectoides-case-report-of-an-uncommon-presentation-of-cutaneous-metastatic-breast-carcinoma
#11
Roberto Cullen Aravena, Daniella Cullen Aravena, Margarita Jo Velasco, Alejandra Queirolo González, Luis Requena
In most cases, cutaneous metastases develop after the diagnosis of the primary internal malignancy has been established, but sometimes they can be discovered earlier or simultaneously. We describe a case of a 90-year-old woman who presented to the emergency room in poor general condition, with cutaneous lesions characterized by hot, infiltrated, violaceous and erythematous plaques involving the left chest wall. The clinical and histopathological findings were consistent with the recently described variant of inflammatory cutaneous metastatic carcinoma named carcinoma hemorrhagiectoides...
June 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633469/a-framework-illustrating-care-seeking-among-older-adults-in-a-hospital-emergency-department
#12
Barbara J Lutz, Allyson G Hall, Sean B Vanhille, Andrea L Jones, Jessica R Schumacher, Phyllis Hendry, Jeffrey S Harman, Donna L Carden
Background and Objectives: Older adults seeking emergency department (ED) care often have multiple, complex chronic conditions. We sought to understand factors that influence ED care-seeking by older adults and present a theoretical framework illustrating this process. Research Design and Methods: In this grounded theory study, we interviewed 40 older adults with chronic illness within 90 days of an ED visit to explore their decision-making about seeking ED care...
June 17, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633152/state-of-pelvic-and-acetabular-surgery-in-the-developing-world-a-global-survey-of-orthopaedic-surgeons-at-surgical-implant-generation-network-sign-hospitals
#13
Paul S Whiting, Duane R Anderson, Daniel D Galat, Lewis G Zirkle, Douglas W Lundy, Hassan R Mir
OBJECTIVES: To document the current state of pelvic and acetabular surgery in the developing world and to identify critical areas for improvement in the treatment of these complex injuries. DESIGN: A 50-question online survey. SETTING: International, multicenter. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: One hundred eighty-one orthopaedic surgeons at Surgical Implant Generation Network (SIGN) hospitals, which represent a cross-section of institutions in low- and middle-income countries that treat high-energy musculoskeletal trauma...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632918/predicting-inpatient-hypoglycaemia-in-hospitalized-patients-with-diabetes-a-retrospective-analysis-of-9584-admissions-with-diabetes
#14
K Stuart, N J Adderley, T Marshall, G Rayman, A Sitch, S Manley, S Ghosh, K A Toulis, K Nirantharakumar
AIMS: To explore whether a quantitative approach to identifying hospitalized patients with diabetes at risk of hypoglycaemia would be feasible through incorporation of routine biochemical, haematological and prescription data. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional analysis of all diabetic admissions (n=9584) from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2014 was performed. Hypoglycaemia was defined as a blood glucose level of <4 mmol/l. The prediction model was constructed using multivariable logistic regression, populated by clinically important variables and routine laboratory data...
June 20, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632000/the-influence-of-intrapersonal-sensorimotor-experiences-on-the-corticospinal-responses-during-action-observation
#15
James W Roberts, Merryn D Constable, Raquel Burgess, James L Lyons, Timothy N Welsh
The coupling of perception and action has been strongly indicated by evidence that the observation of an action primes a response in the observer. It has been proposed that these primed responses may be inhibited when the observer is able to more closely distinguish between self- and other-generated actions - the greater the distinction, then the greater the inhibition of the primed response. This self-other distinction is shown to be enhanced following a period of visual feedback of self-generated action. The present study was designed to examine how sensorimotor experiences pertaining to self-generated action affect primed responses from observed actions...
February 13, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630842/irreducible-subtalar-dislocation-caused-by-sustentaculum-tali-incarceration
#16
Mourad Zaraa, Ismail Jerbi, Sabri Mahjoub, Heithem Sehli, Mondher Mbarek
INTRODUCTION: Subtalar dislocation is an uncommon lesion in traumatology chiefly when it concerns the lateral form. Surgical treatment is required when a fracture is related or the dislocation is irreducible. Even well treated, these dislocations progress unavoidably to subtalar arthrosis, which stays well tolerated. CASE REPORT: A 46-year-old male with irreducible lateral subtalar dislocation caused sustentaculum tali incarceration confirmed on computed tomography (CT)...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630755/advances-in-hip-arthroplasty-surgery-what-is-justified
#17
Luigi Zagra
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) surgery has shown dramatic changes in terms of increased number of procedures and of technical development in recent years. It has been described as "the operation of the 20(th) century" for the excellent results, the high satisfaction of the patients and the improvement of the quality of life.A lot of variations have been introduced over the last few decades in THA especially in terms of indications (both in younger and older patients), techniques and devices (approaches, tissue preservation, biomaterials and industrial finishing), per-operative management (blood loss and pain control) and post-operative protocols (the so called "fast track" surgery)...
May 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630689/why-language-matters-a-tour-through-hand-hygiene-literature
#18
Daniela Pires, Ermira Tartari, Fernando Bellissimo-Rodrigues, Didier Pittet
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene has evolved over the last decades and many terminologies emerged. We aimed to analyse the evolution in the frequency of utilization of key hand hygiene terms in the literature along the years. METHODS: We identified keywords and Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) used in MEDLINE® indexation related to hand hygiene by searching international guidelines and the MeSH database. We performed a MEDLINE® search combining the selected keywords and MeSH and analysed the number of publications retrieved yearly...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630601/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-diets-and-body-composition
#19
REVIEW
Alan A Aragon, Brad J Schoenfeld, Robert Wildman, Susan Kleiner, Trisha VanDusseldorp, Lem Taylor, Conrad P Earnest, Paul J Arciero, Colin Wilborn, Douglas S Kalman, Jeffrey R Stout, Darryn S Willoughby, Bill Campbell, Shawn M Arent, Laurent Bannock, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Jose Antonio
Position Statement: The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) bases the following position stand on a critical analysis of the literature regarding the effects of diet types (macronutrient composition; eating styles) and their influence on body composition. The ISSN has concluded the following. 1) There is a multitude of diet types and eating styles, whereby numerous subtypes fall under each major dietary archetype. 2) All body composition assessment methods have strengths and limitations. 3) Diets primarily focused on fat loss are driven by a sustained caloric deficit...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630533/smoke-screen-the-globalization-of-production-transnational-lobbying-and-the-international-political-economy-of-plain-tobacco-packaging
#20
Louise Curran, Jappe Eckhardt
In 2012 Australia became the first country in the world to introduce plain tobacco packaging in an effort to reduce tobacco consumption. This move was vehemently opposed by the tobacco industry, which challenged it on several levels: nationally, bilaterally and multilaterally at the World Trade Organization (WTO). The political behavior of the tobacco companies in this case is puzzling both in terms of scale, operating at multiple levels at the same time and in terms of the countries mobilized in their defence...
2017: Rev Int Polit Econ
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