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posterolateral hip arthroplasty

Z L Luo, M Chen, X F Shang, F Hu, Z Ni, P Cheng, X F Ji, K R Wu, X Q Zhang
Objective: To compare the clinical efficacy of the direct anterior approach (DAA) and the posterolateral approach (PLA) for total hip arthroplasty (THA) in the lateral decubitus position. Methods: From July to December, 2014, 104 patients randomly divided into two equal groups of the DAA group and the PLA group underwent unilateral primary THA procedures.All procedures were performed by the same surgeon in the Department of Orthopaedics, the Affiliated Anhui Provincial Hospital of Anhui Medical University.General data, perioperative index, postoperative function and radiological evaluation were recorded and statistically analyzed...
September 20, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Aniss Chagou, Abdelatif Benbouha, Abdelkarim Rhanim, Abdou Lahlou, Mohammed Saleh Berrada, Moradh El Yaacoubi
Coxalgia causes osteocartilaginous destructions of the hip joint; these lesions are responsible for severe pain leading to functional discomfort and limitations in everyday life. Their surgical treatment is still not well established. The aim of our study was to demonstrate the interest of total hip arthroplasty associated with anti-tuberculous chemotherapy to improve patients' quality of life. We report a retrospective study of 10 cases of total hip replacement following coxalgia at the Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma of Rabat University Hospital from 2002 to 2011...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Joseph Liu, Alexander S McLawhorn, Alexander B Christ, Peteris Dzenis, John H Healey
BACKGROUND: The posterolateral approach is one of the most common approaches used during hip arthroplasty. A posterior soft tissue repair is necessary to limit the risk of postoperative dislocation. For a trapezoidal capsulotomy, the proximal limb divides the superior band of the iliofemoral ligament (Bigelow's ligament). A transosseous repair frequently leaves a defect in this region, which may elevate the risk for dislocation. The purpose of this article is to describe a simple, rational technique for reinforcing the posterior capsular repair...
July 2016: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
Pierre Martz, Abderrahmane Bourredjem, Davy Laroche, Marc Arcens, Ludovic Labattut, Christine Binquet, Jean-Francis Maillefert, Emmanuel Baulot, Paul Ornetti
PURPOSE: We assumed that the combination of dual-mobility total hip arthroplasty (THA) using the minimally-invasive Röttinger anterolateral approach could guarantee hip stability with faster functional recovery. We objectively analyzed functional improvement after dual-mobility THA by quantitative gait analysis. METHODS: We compared the results achieved following two different surgical approaches: Röttinger's versus Moore's approach (posterolateral approach). We included 70 patients in an open prospective single-centre study: 38 by Rottinger's approach (age = 67yo) and 32 by Moores's approach (age = 68yo)...
July 6, 2016: International Orthopaedics
Antonio Murcia-Asensio, Francisco Ferrero-Manzanal, Raquel Lax-Pérez, Mariano Fernández-Fairén
INTRODUCTION: Failed hip arthroplasty with intrapelvic acetabular migration can be challenging due to the potential damage of intrapelvic structures. PRESENTATION OF THE CASE: We present a case of a 75 year-old lady with failed hip arthroplasty with loosening of implants and intra-pelvic migration of the cup, antiprotrusio cage mesh, screws and plate. A modified Stoppa approach was performed, a part of the migrated elements were safely removed, the intrapelvic structures were controlled, and the bone defect was reconstructed through the Stoppa approach combined with the lateral window of ilioinguinal approach by means of bone struts and metallic plates, which is a novel technique...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
S Van Driessche, F Billuart, L Martinez, H Brunel, P Guiffault, J Beldame, J Matsoukis
INTRODUCTION: There is renewed interest in total hip arthroplasty (THA) with the development of minimally invasive approaches. The anterior and Röttinger approaches are attractive for their anatomical and minimally invasive character, but with no comparative studies in the literature definitely suggesting superiority in terms of quality of functional recovery. We therefore performed a case-control study, assessing: 1) whether the postural parameters of patients operated on with the anterior, Röttinger and posterior minimally invasive approaches were similar to those of asymptomatic subjects, and 2) whether there were any differences in postural parameters between the three approaches at short-term follow-up...
October 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Carlomagno Cardenas-Nylander, Vittorio Bellotti, Emanuele Astarita, Esther Moya Gomez, Manuel Ribas Fernandez
INTRODUCTION: There is widespread trend in total hip replacement to limit soft tissue damage. New approaches that respect the capsule and ligaments has been recently reported. The potential advantages of this approach is to improve short-term results in terms of stability, pain, length of stay, transfusions and complications. METHODS: From October 2015 to March 2016 the two senior authors performed 21 hips using the Superpath® technique, the measured variables included age, sex, operative time, acetabular inclination, pain assessment using visual analogue scale at 24 hours, need for transfusion, length of stay and complications...
May 14, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
A Kornuijt, D Das, T Sijbesma, W van der Weegen
AIMS: In order to prevent dislocation of the hip after total hip arthroplasty (THA), patients have to adhere to precautions in the early post-operative period. The hypothesis of this study was that a protocol with minimal precautions after primary THA using the posterolateral approach would not increase the short-term (less than three months) risk of dislocation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We prospectively monitored a group of unselected patients undergoing primary THA managed with standard precautions (n = 109, median age 68...
May 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Yuan Xu, Qun-li Duanmu, Ming Yang, Hang Lin, Jian He, Jun He, Yong-jun Tong, Zheng-xu Zhao, Yi Hao
OBJECTIVE: To compare the difference of early postoperative hip abductor strength and function between improved Gibson anterolateral approach (group A) and conventional Gibson posterolateral approach (group B) in patients who had underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: Among 149 patients performing total hip arthroplasty,130 patients were followed up and were randomly divided into two groups (19 unqualified cases were excluded). Group A included 65 cases who underwent anterolateral approach, and the other group included 65 cases who underwent posterolateral approach...
February 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Paul M Arnold, Karen K Anderson, Abdulhafez Selim, Randall F Dryer, J Kenneth Burkus
OBJECTIVE Heterotopic ossification (HO) has been reported following total hip, knee, cervical, and lumbar arthroplasty, as well as following posterolateral lumbar fusion using recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2). Data regarding HO following anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with rhBMP-2 are sparse. A subanalysis was done of the prospective, multicenter, investigational device exemption trial that compared rhBMP-2 on an absorbable collagen sponge (ACS) versus allograft in ACDF for patients with symptomatic single-level cervical degenerative disc disease...
September 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Norifumi Umehara, Shigeru Mitani, Yoshifumi Namba
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is an established treatment approach with which good recovery is expected in patients. However, the postoperative satisfaction of THA patients, and factors that affect their treatment outcomes are unclear. We investigated 125 Japanese patients who underwent a primary THA between January 2011 and August 2013. The posterolateral (PL) and muscle-sparing anterolateral (AL) surgical approaches were used. THA outcomes were evaluated using the Short Form-36 (SF-36) at preoperatively and 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year postoperatively...
2016: Acta Medica Okayama
Mariska Wesseling, Christophe Meyer, Kristoff Corten, Jean-Pierre Simon, Kaat Desloovere, Ilse Jonkers
Several approaches may be used for hip replacement surgery either in combination with conventional total hip arthroplasty (THA) or resurfacing hip arthroplasty (RHA). This study investigates the differences in hip loading during gait one year or more after surgery in three cohorts presenting different surgical procedures, more specific RHA placed using the direct lateral (RHA-DLA, n=8) and posterolateral (RHA-PLA, n=14) approach as well as THA placed using the direct anterior (THA-DAA, n=12) approach. For the DAA and control subjects, hip loading was also evaluated during stair ascent and descent to evaluate whether these motions can better discriminate between patients and controls compared to gait...
February 2016: Gait & Posture
J F Valles-Figueroa, F Rodríguez-Reséndiz, F J Muñoz-Arreola, A Dávila-Olguín
INTRODUCTION: Femoral neck fractures represent an important chapter in the practice of Traumatology, due to their high incidence, mainly among patients over 65 years of age; they account for around 65% of surgeries in Traumatology. Early function of patients who sustained a femoral neck fracture is of the utmost importance, as survival decreases within the first 12 months. The purpose of this paper is to compare the intra- and postoperative course of patients who underwent primary hip surgery using Hardinge's direct lateral approach versus Moore's posterolateral approach...
January 2015: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
Friedrich Boettner, Lisa Renner, Danik Arana Narbarte, Claus Egidy, Martin Faschingbauer
PURPOSE: The study reports the 2-year follow-up results of patients with valgus osteoarthritis undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with a standardized soft-tissue release. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2013, 222 TKAs were performed for valgus osteoarthritis by a single surgeon. A total of 181 TKAs in 164 patients were available for a minimum 2-year follow-up (range 24-87 months). Preoperative and postoperative range of motion (ROM), mechanical alignment, the postoperative medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC), VF-12 score, visual analogue pain scale (VAS), and the actual UCLA activity score, desired UCLA score, ligamentous stability (medial collateral ligament) and complications and revision rates were recorded...
August 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
K Akiyama, K Nakata, M Kitada, M Yamamura, T Ohori, H Owaki, T Fuji
AIMS: We investigated changes in the axial alignment of the ipsilateral hip and knee after total hip arthroplasty (THA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed 152 patients undergoing primary THA (163 hips; 22 hips in men, 141 hips in women) without a pre-operative flexion contracture. The mean age was 64 years (30 to 88). The diagnosis was osteoarthritis (OA) in 151 hips (primary in 18 hips, and secondary to dysplasia in 133) and non-OA in 12 hips. A posterolateral approach with repair of the external rotators was used in 134 hips and an anterior approach in 29 hips...
March 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Kosuke Tsuda, Keiji Haraguchi, Junichiro Koyanagi, Shintaro Takahashi, Ryo Sugama, Keiju Fujiwara
PURPOSE: Larger-diameter (≥40 mm) femoral heads decrease the incidence of post-operative dislocation in total hip arthroplasty (THA). This study was conducted to discover whether larger-diameter femoral heads result in greater range of motion of the hip with the use of a computed tomography (CT)-based navigation system. METHODS: Thirty-nine primary THAs were performed via a posterolateral approach using a CT-based navigation system. The stem was inserted in the femur in line with the original femoral neck anteversion...
January 18, 2016: International Orthopaedics
Christophe Nich, Eric Vandenbussche, Bernard Augereau, Jérôme Sadaka
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) for intracapsular neck of femur (NOF) fracture remains debatable as it is associated with higher rates of dislocation, notably in the older part of the population. We hypothesized this risk could be limited using dual-mobility cups (DMCs). METHODS: Eighty-two patients (83 hips) aged older than 75 years underwent DMC-THA using a posterolateral approach for an intracapsular NOF fracture. RESULTS: Clinical data were collected in 45 patients at a mean of 23...
June 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Marion Opperer, Yuo-yu Lee, Francisco Nally, Alvaro Blanes Perez, Kaveh Goudarz-Mehdikhani, Alejandro Gonzalez Della Valle
PURPOSE: In order to diminish total hip arthroplasty (THA) dislocation rate, surgeons strive to achieve adequate component orientation, offset and limb length. In addition, dislocation rate can theoretically be reduced by increasing head diameter and by choosing implants with favorable head-to-neck and cup-to head ratios. We assessed nine radiographic and implant-related parameters associated with an increased risk of dislocation in patients who sustained a dislocation and in those with a stable arthroplasty...
April 2016: International Orthopaedics
Kensei Yoshimoto, Yasuharu Nakashima, Takuaki Yamamoto, Jun-Ichi Fukushi, Goro Motomura, Masanobu Ohishi, Satoshi Hamai, Yukihide Iwamoto
PURPOSE: Dislocation is a leading cause of failure after revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). This study was conducted to examine the risk factors for dislocation as well as their recurrence after revision THA. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 178 revision THAs in 162 patients between 1998 and 2013. The mean patient age was 65.2 years at operation and the mean follow-up period was 6.7 years. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify risk factors for dislocation, and further comparison was made between patients with single and recurrent dislocations...
August 2016: International Orthopaedics
A Clavé, V Sauleau, D Cheval, T Williams, C Lefèvre, E Stindel
INTRODUCTION: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) can bring about complications - particularly leg length differences - that are becoming increasingly litigious. Computer-assisted orthopedic surgery (CAOS) can help optimize the procedure, but its ability to effectively restore leg length is controversial. As a consequence, we carried out a study to determine: (1) its contribution to meeting leg length and offset objectives, (2) its reliability, by evaluating the correlation between radiological and navigation data, (3) its safety, by evaluating navigation-specific and non-specific complications...
November 2015: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
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