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percutaneous mitral balloon commissurotomy

Iris M van Hagen, Sara A Thorne, Nasser Taha, Ghada Youssef, Amro Elnagar, Harald Gabriel, Yahia ElRakshy, Bernard Iung, Mark R Johnson, Roger Hall, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink
BACKGROUND: Cardiac disease is 1 of the major causes of maternal mortality. We studied pregnancy outcomes in women with rheumatic mitral valve disease. METHODS: The Registry of Pregnancy and Cardiac Disease is an international prospective registry, and consecutive pregnant women with cardiac disease were included. Pregnancy outcomes in all women with rheumatic mitral valve disease and no prepregnancy valve replacement is described in the present study (n=390). A maternal cardiac event was defined as cardiac death, arrhythmia requiring treatment, heart failure, thromboembolic event, aortic dissection, endocarditis, acute coronary syndrome, and hospitalization for other cardiac reasons or cardiac intervention...
February 20, 2018: Circulation
Endale Tefera, Mohamed Leye, Patrick Garceau, Denis Bouchard, Joaquim Miró
BACKGROUND: The Inoue balloon technique is the standard technique for mitral valve balloon commissurotomy at this stage. However, the hardware for this technique is expensive and may not always be available in resource-limited settings. OBJECTIVE: This article reports our experience with percutaneous transmitral balloon commissurotomy using a single balloon (Nucleus) with arteriovenous loop stabilisation. METHOD: Eleven young patients, aged 12-26 years and weighing 23-48 kg, underwent transmitral balloon commissurotomy using the described technique at our centre from April to May 2014...
February 19, 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Sahmin Lee, Duk-Hyun Kang, Dae-Hee Kim, Jong-Min Song, Jae-Kwan Song, Seong-Wook Park, Seung-Jung Park
BACKGROUND: Late prognosis after successful percutaneous mitral commissurotomy (PMC) is unclear. We compared late results of PMC using Inoue versus double-balloon techniques up to 25 years in a randomized trial. METHODS: Between 1989 and 1995, 302 patients (77 men, 41 ± 11 years) with severe mitral stenosis were randomly assigned to undergo PMC using Inoue (n = 152; group I) or double-balloon technique (n = 150; group D). The end points were the composite events of death, mitral surgery, repeat PMC, or deterioration of New York Heart Association (NYHA) class ≥3...
December 2017: American Heart Journal
Mohammad M Al-Daydamony, Tamer M Moustafaa
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension is a common complication of rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS). Patients with similar mitral valve (MV) areas may have different pulmonary artery pressures. Net atrioventricular compliance (Cn) was found to play an important role in the development of pulmonary hypertension. AIM: To test the value of Cn in predicting persistent pulmonary artery hypertension (PPAH) after percutaneous mitral balloon commissurotomy (PMBC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty patients with severe MS, suitable for PMBC were included in the study...
October 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Veena Nanjappa, K S Sadanand, K Santhosh, Harsha Basappa, C N Manjunath, Mohan H Nayak
Percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC) using Inoue/Accura balloon is an effective procedure for management of patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis.1 Inability to cross the mitral valve is one of the pertinent reasons for procedural failure. We describe a series of three patients who were tackled with successful PTMC using a novel technique of veno-arterial looping and in the fourth patient we used double loop entry into left ventricle with veno-arterial rail and peripheral balloon dilatation for completing the PTMC...
March 2017: Indian Heart Journal
Loren Francis, Alan Finley, Walead Hessami
Mitral stenosis is often managed percutaneously with an interventional procedure such as balloon commissurotomy. Although this often results in an increased mitral valve area and improved clinical symptoms, this procedure is not benign and may have serious complications including the development of hemodynamically significant mitral valve regurgitation. Multiple scoring systems have been developed to attempt to risk stratify these patients prior to their procedure. CASE: A 64-year-old patient underwent an emergent mitral valve replacement after having percutaneous mitral balloon commissurotomy complicated by development of severe mitral regurgitation...
February 2017: Echocardiography
Yuechun Li, Jiafeng Lin, Chen Peng
RATIONALE: Data on nonvitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant being used for the treatment of LAA thrombi are limited only in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. There are no data on the antithrombotic efficacy and safety of nonvitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant in the resolution of left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombi in patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 49-year-old woman with known rheumatic mitral stenosis and atrial fibrillation was referred for percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy because of progressive dyspnea on exertion over a period of 3 months...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
L Pourafkari, S Ghaffari, M Ahmadi, A Tajlil, N Aslanabadi, N D Nader
BACKGROUND: In patients with mitral stenosis (MS), pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a significant contributor to the associated morbidity. We aimed to study factors associated with the presence of significant PH (sPH) and whether incorporating body surface area (BSA) in the mitral valve area (MVA) would improve the predictive value of the latter. METHODS: The medical records of 558 patients with severe MS undergoing percutaneous balloon mitral commissurotomy were evaluated over a period of 8 years...
December 2017: Herz
Blaz Mrevlje, Mohamad Aboukura, Christoph A Nienaber
Aortic stenosis is the most frequent and mitral stenosis is the least frequent native single-sided valve disease in Europe. Patients with the combination of severe symptomatic degenerative aortic and mitral stenosis are very rare. Guidelines for the treatment of heart valve diseases are clear for single-valve situations. However, there is no common agreement or recommendation for the best treatment strategy in patients with multiple valve disease and severe concomitant comorbidities. A 76-year-old female patient with the combination of severe degenerative symptomatic aortic and mitral stenosis and several comorbidities including severe obesity, who was found unsuitable surgical candidate by the heart team and unsuitable for two-time general anesthesia in the case of two-step single-valve percutaneous approach by anesthesiologists, underwent successful percutaneous dual-valve single-intervention (transcatheter aortic valve implantation and percutaneous mitral balloon commissurotomy)...
July 2016: Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association
I Zairi, K Mzoughi, F Mroua, F Ben Moussa, I Amri, S Kammoun, S Fennira, S Kraiem
INTRODUCTION: Mitral stenosis (MS) is the most common valvular heart disease revealed or exacerbated by pregnancy. Percutaneous mitral balloon commissurotomy (PMC) is currently the treatment of choice when mitral valve morphology is favorable. AIM OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the immediate, medium and long term results of percutaneous mitral balloon commissurotomy in pregnant women with a severe symptomatic mitral stenosis despite medical treatment...
February 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
A Separham, L Pourafkari, H Bodagh, S Ghaffari, N Aslanabadi, N D Nader
BACKGROUND: The value of the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) along with the severity of mitral stenosis (MS) in predicting the outcome of percutaneous balloon mitral commissurotomy (PBMC) has not been studied. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with severe MS undergoing PBMC between 2013 and 2014 in a university hospital were prospectively enrolled. Complete blood cell count was obtained upon admission and NLRs were calculated. The correlations between NLR with immediate PBMC success and restenosis in 1 year were evaluated...
August 2017: Herz
Rajesh Vijayvergiya
Percutaneous Transvenous Mitral Commissurotomy (PTMC) is a standard treatment for critical mitral stenosis. In certain situations such as large left atrium (LA) or low trans-septal puncture, there is technical difficulty in crossing a PTMC balloon across the mitral valve, leading to high failure rate. I hereby describe a case of PTMC successfully performed by using double loop technique to cross the mitral valve.
December 2015: Indian Heart Journal
Jahangir Rashid Beig, Nisar A Tramboo, Hilal A Rather, Imran Hafeez, Vijai Ananth, Ajaz A Lone, Irfan Yaqoob, Irfan A Bhat, Muzaffar Ali
BACKGROUND: Mitral stenosis (MS) is associated with prolonged inter- and intra-atrial electromechanical delays and increased P-wave dispersion, which are markers of atrial fibrillation (AF) risk. This study was conducted to assess the immediate effect of successful percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC) on these parameters. METHODS: This single center observational study included 25 patients with severe MS (aged 34.1 ± 7.1 years, with mean mitral valve area (MVA) of 0...
December 2015: Indian Heart Journal
M T Rahman, M M Rahman, M M Islam, M R Khan, S A Haque, A W Chowdhury, A S Majumder, A Rahman, Q I Islam
Rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease continue to be the major health problem in all developing countries including Bangladesh. Rheumatic mitral stenosis is a very common problem in our population having an incidence of 54 percent among rheumatic heart disease with a female preponderance of 2:1. Percutaneous balloon mitral commissurotomy is appealing because the mechanism of valve dilation closely parallels the mechanism of surgical mitral commissurotomy. The technique of balloon mitral commissurotomy has evolved rapidly, with improvements in balloons, guide wires, and the application of double-balloon techniques...
July 2015: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Achyut Sarkar, Shailesh Patil, Imran Ahmed
Juvenile rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS) is common in the Indian subcontinent. Early recognition and management is essential. Rarely rheumatic MS may occur in <5 years of age, wherein rapid hemodynamic progression and cardiac morbidity and mortality occurs. Severe/symptomatic MS in preschool age requires urgent and meticulous decision making. Condition of valve and wishes of parents may complicate management decisions. Percutaneous transmitral commissurotomy (PTMC) may, therefore, become the only life-saving intervention in these cases unless contraindicated, although the procedure entails considerable technical issues in this age group...
November 2015: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Mike Saji, Michael Ragosta, John Dent, D Scott Lim
OBJECTIVES: To report the efficacy and safety of the use adjunctive intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) during percutaneous transluminal mitral commissurotomy (PTMC) in patients without transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). BACKGROUND: Patients with mitral stenosis are at a high risk of developing a left atrial (LA) thrombus. Traditionally, TEE has been used prior to PTMC to identify the presence of LA thrombi. There have been no reports of the use of ICE to assess the LA for thrombi prior to PTMC...
February 1, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Naser Aslanabadi, Iraj Jafaripour, Mehrnoush Toufan, Bahram Sohrabi, Ahmad Separham, Reza Madadi, Hossein Feazpour, Yosef Asgharzadeh, Mostafa Ahmadi, Abdolrasol Safaiyan, Samad Ghafari
INTRODUCTION: Mitral stenosis (MS) causes structural and functional abnormalities of the left atrium (LA) and left atrial appendage (LAA), and studies show that LAA performance improves within a short time after percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC). This study aimed to investigate the effects of PTMC on left atrial function by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). METHODS: We enrolled 56 patients with severe mitral stenosis (valve area less than 1...
2015: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
J Langerveld, J M P G Ernst, N M van Hemel, W Jaarsma
Percutaneous transvenous mitral balloon valvotomy (PTMV) has been proven to be an effective and safe method for treatment of patients with severe mitral valve stenosis. This technique has become an accepted alternative for surgical commissurotomy, not only in young patients with pliable valves, but also in selected older patients with extensive valvular pathology. This review highlights the significance of coexisting atrial fibrillation, patient selection and timing of PTMV in patients with mitral valve stenosis...
January 2005: Netherlands Heart Journal
Leili Pourafkari, Seyedrazi Seyedhosseini, Babak Kazemi, Heydarali Esmaili, Naser Aslanabadi
INTRODUCTION: Natriuretic peptides are secreted from the heart in response to increased wall stress. Their levels are expected to be increased in patients with mitral stenosis (MS) due to high left atrium (LA) pressure and pulmonary artery pressure (PAP). Percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC) if successful is pursued by a rapid decrease in LA pressure and subsequent decrease in pulmonary artery pressure. The concurrent changes in natriuretic peptide levels could be affected with heart rhythm...
2014: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Sandeep Goel, Ranjit Nath, Ajay Sharma, Neeraj Pandit, Harsh Wardhan
BACKGROUND: The surgical management of Lutembacher syndrome is straight forward but percutaneous management, though technically demanding, is always desirable. METHODS: A 17 year old unmarried female presented with severe Mitral stenosis and a 19 mm almost circular Ostium secundum ASD with moderate pulmonary artery hypertension and dilated right sided chambers. She was managed in a staged manner. Percutaneous trans mitral commissurotomy (PTMC) was done first, using a 26 mm Inoue balloon catheter set, and after 48 h, ASD was closed with a 20 mm Cocoon Septal Occluder...
May 2014: Indian Heart Journal
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