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Vaccine safety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168570/specific-immunotherapy-in-lar-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial-with-phleum-pratense-subcutaneous-allergen-immunotherapy
#1
Carmen Rondón, Natalia Blanca-López, Paloma Campo, Cristobalina Mayorga, Raquel Jurado-Escobar, Maria J Torres, Gabriela Canto, Miguel Blanca
BACKGROUND: Allergen immunotherapy has been shown to be an effective treatment for local allergic rhinitis (LAR) to house dust mites. Studies with pollen allergen immunotherapy are limited to observational studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Phleum pratense subcutaneous immunotherapy (Phl-SCIT) in LAR. METHODS: In a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study, 56 patients with moderate-severe LAR to grass pollen received Phl-SCIT with a depigmented-polymerized pollen vaccine or placebo for the first year, and Phl-SCIT the second one...
November 23, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166874/efficacy-and-safety-of-pertussis-vaccination-for-pregnant-women-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials-and-observational-studies
#2
Marie Furuta, Jacqueline Sin, Edmond S W Ng, Kay Wang
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, pertussis remains a major health problem among children. During the recent outbreaks of pertussis, maternal antenatal immunisation was introduced in several industrial countries. This systematic review aimed to synthesize evidence for the efficacy and safety of the pertussis vaccination that was given to pregnant women to protect infants from pertussis infection. METHODS: We searched literature in the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline, Embase, and OpenGrey between inception of the various databases and 16 May 2016...
November 22, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165783/after-action-review-of-the-2009-10-h1n1-influenza-outbreak-response-ohio-s-public-health-system-s-performance
#3
William A Mase, Beth Bickford, Casey L Thomas, Shamika D Jones, Michael Bisesi
OBJECTIVE: In early 2009, H1N1 influenza was identified within the human population. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) officials responded with focused assessment, policy development, and assurances. The response was mobilized through efforts including procurement of adequate vaccine supply, local area span of control, materials acquisition, and facilities and resource identification. METHODS: Qualitative evaluation of the assurance functions specific to the system's ability to assure safe and healthy conditions are reported...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165219/porcine-circovirus-type-1-was-undetected-in-vaccine-but-could-be-cultured-in-the-cell-substrate-of-lanzhou-lamb-rotavirus-vaccine
#4
Qingchuan Yu, Yan Liu, Jialiang Du, Yueyue Liu, Lili Zhang, Tai Guo
In 2010, Rotarix was found to be contaminated with infectious porcine circovirus type 1 (PCV1). In China, the Lanzhou lamb rotavirus (LLR) vaccine is the only vaccine used to prevent rotavirus disease. From 2006 to September 2014, more than 54 million doses of LLR vaccines have been lot released. It is a safety issue whether PCV1 is present in the LLR vaccine. Although the cell substrate of LLR, bovine kidney (BK), is different from that of Rotarix, we have investigated the cell's permissivity for PCV1 by both infectivity and full-length PCR analysis...
November 22, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162320/controlled-human-infections-a-report-from-the-controlled-human-infection-models-workshop-leiden-university-medical-centre-4-6-may-2016
#5
Meta Roestenberg, Annie Mo, Peter G Kremsner, Maria Yazdanbakhsh
The principle of deliberately infecting humans with infectious agents in a controlled setting, so-called controlled human infections (CHI), is not novel. Many CHI models have a long history and were established decades ago such as the intentional exposure to yellow fever and dengue performed in the 1900's (Reed, 1902) [2]. In these times bioethics and scientific reasoning were in their infancy. Nowadays, clinical trials are highly regulated and CHI are executed worldwide. Controlled human malaria infections and influenza infections are the two most frequently practiced...
November 18, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161198/a-systematic-review-of-factors-influencing-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-among-immigrant-parents-in-the-united-states
#6
Kyounghae Kim, Anna-Rae LeClaire
To critically appraise factors influencing human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among immigrant parents in the United States, a comprehensive search of electronic databases and reference lists was conducted. The findings from 22 articles were ordered based on a socio-ecological model. About 30% of children initiated and 14% completed a 3-dose series. Correlates of HPV vaccine initiation rates included lack of information, concerns about vaccine safety and promiscuity, providers' recommendations, school mandates, financial issues, immigration laws, and living in disadvantaged neighborhoods...
November 21, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159414/hepatitis-b-vaccination-screening-and-linkage-to-care-best-practice-advice-from-the-american-college-of-physicians-and-the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention
#7
Winston E Abara, Amir Qaseem, Sarah Schillie, Brian J McMahon, Aaron M Harris
Background: Vaccination, screening, and linkage to care can reduce the burden of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. However, recommendations vary among organizations, and their implementation has been suboptimal. The American College of Physicians' High Value Care Task Force and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention developed this article to present best practice statements for hepatitis B vaccination, screening, and linkage to care. Methods: A narrative literature review of clinical guidelines, systematic reviews, randomized trials, and intervention studies on hepatitis B vaccination, screening, and linkage to care published between January 2005 and June 2017 was conducted...
November 21, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158855/clinical-evaluation-of-terap-c-vaccine-in-combined-treatment-with-interferon-and-ribavirin-in-patients-with-hepatitis-c
#8
Dorta Guridi Zaily, Castellanos Fernandez Marlen, Dueñas-Carrera Santiago, Martínez Donato Gillian, Valenzuela Silva Carmen, Cinza Estevez Zurina, Arús Soler Enrique R, Alvarez-Lajonchere Liz, González Fabián Lisset, Lazo Del Vallín Sacha, Ferrer Bataille Elena
Background: An estimated 170 million individuals worldwide are infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Although treatment options using a combination of pegylated interferon and ribavirin (P-IFN/RBV) are available, sustained clearance of the virus is only achieved in approximately 40% of individuals infected with HCV genotype 1. Recent advances in the treatment of HCV using directly acting antiviral agents have been achieved; however, treatment can be very expensive and is associated with substantial side effects...
2017: Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157960/immune-responses-to-intradermal-and-intramuscular-inactivated-influenza-vaccine-among-older-age-group
#9
Kobporn Boonnak, Jittima Dhitavat, Narumon Thantamnu, Nathamon Kosoltanapiwat, Montida Auayporn, Li Jiang, Pilaipan Puthavathana, Punnee Pitisuttithum
BACKGROUD: Influenza viruses cause substantial morbidity, especially in older age groups. Thus, they are amongst high priority groups for routine vaccination. However, vaccine-induced immune responses and effectiveness were reported as relatively low. This study aims to systemically compare the immune responses elicited by intramuscular (IM) and intradermal (ID) injections with inactivated seasonal influenza vaccine among the older age group. METHODS: A prospective, open-label, randomized study with a total of 221 adults (>60 years) were enrolled and randomized into 2 groups...
November 17, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157955/development-of-a-goat-model-for-evaluation-of-withaferin-a-cervical-implants-for-the-treatment-of-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#10
Leslie C Sherwood, Farrukh Aqil, Manicka V Vadhanam, Jeyaprakash Jeyabalan, Radha Munagala, David Hoetker, Sanjay Srivastava, Inder P Singh, Scott Cambron, Martin O'Toole, Wendy Spencer, Lynn P Parker, Ramesh C Gupta
Cervical cancer is caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). The disease develops over many years through a series of precancerous lesions. Cervical cancer can be prevented by HPV-vaccination, screening and treatment of precancer before development of cervical cancer. The treatment of high-grade cervical dysplasia (CIN(2+)) has traditionally been by cervical conization. Surgical procedures are associated with increased risk of undesirable side effects including bleeding, infection, scarring (stenosis), infertility and complications in later pregnancies...
November 17, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157068/quadrivalent-inactivated-influenza-vaccine-vaxigriptetra%C3%A2
#11
Viviane Gresset-Bourgeois, Phillip S Leventhal, Stéphanie Pepin, Rosalind Hollingsworth, Marie-Pierre Kazek-Duret, Iris De Bruijn, Sandrine I Samson
VaxigripTetra™ (IIV4; Sanofi Pasteur) is a quadrivalent split-virion influenza vaccine approved in Europe in 2016 for individuals ≥ 3 years of age. IIV4 builds on the well-established record of the trivalent split-virion influenza vaccine (Vaxigrip®). Areas covered: This literature review summarizes the rationale for developing quadrivalent influenza vaccines and discusses the phase III clinical trial results supporting the immunogenicity, safety, and tolerability of IIV4. Expert Commentary: IIV4 is immunogenic and well tolerated...
November 20, 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156870/a-fully-liquid-dtap-ipv-hb-prp-t-hexavalent-vaccine-for-primary-and-booster-vaccination-of-healthy-turkish-infants-and-toddlers
#12
Mehmet Ceyhan, İnci Yıldırım, Hasan Tezer, İlker Devrim, Emmanuel Feroldi
Background/aim: Immunogenicity and safety of a primary series of a fully liquid, hexavalent DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP-T vaccine given at 2, 3, and 4 months of age compared to licensed comparators and a DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP-T booster at 15?18 months were evaluated. Materials and methods: This was a Phase III, randomized, open-label trial. Primary series (no hepatitis B [HB] at birth) of DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP-T (N = 155) (group 1) or licensed control vaccines (DTaP-IPV//PRP-T and standalone HB: N = 155) (group 2) and DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP-T booster were administered...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154976/microneedle-arrays-coated-with-charge-reversal-ph-sensitive-copolymers-improve-antigen-presenting-cells-homing-dna-vaccine-delivery-and-immune-responses
#13
Huu Thuy Trang Duong, Nak Won Kim, Thavasyappan Thambi, V H Giang Phan, Min Sang Lee, Yue Yin, Ji Hoon Jeong, Doo Sung Lee
Successful delivery of a DNA vaccine to antigen-presenting cells and their subsequent stimulation of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell immunity remains an inefficient process. In general, the delivery of prophylactic vaccines is mainly mired by low transfection efficacy, poor immunogenicity, and safety issues from the materials employed. Currently, several strategies have been exploited to improve immunogenicity, but an effective strategy for safe and pain-free delivery of DNA vaccines is complicated. Herein, we report the rapid delivery of polyplex-based DNA vaccines using microneedle arrays coated with a polyelectrolyte multilayer assembly of charge reversal pH-responsive copolymer and heparin...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153779/lambda-display-phage-as-a-mucosal-vaccine-delivery-vehicle-for-peptide-antigens
#14
Patricia González Cano, Lakshman N A Gamage, Kristen Marciniuk, Connie Hayes, Scott Napper, Sidney Hayes, Philip J Griebel
Bacteriophage are structurally stable in the gastro-intestinal tract and have favorable traits of safety, stability, ease of production, and immunogenicity. These attributes make them potential candidates as oral vaccine delivery vehicles but little is known about their capacity to induce mucosal immune responses in the small intestine. Whole body imaging of mice confirmed lambda bacteriophage (LP) were distributed throughout the gastro-intestinal tract 24 h after oral delivery. In newborn calves, targeted delivery of LP within the small intestine confirmed LP were immunogenic in a dose-dependent manner and were taken up by Peyer's patches...
November 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153582/advancing-collaborative-vaccine-benefits-and-safety-research-in-europe-via-the-advance-code-of-conduct
#15
Miriam Sturkenboom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152808/observational-safety-study-of-specific-outcomes-after-trivalent-cell-culture-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-optaflu-%C3%A2-among-adults-in-thin-database-of-electronic-uk-primary-healthcare-records
#16
Gillian C Hall, Paul T G Davies, M Yousuf Karim, Mendel D M Haag, Caroline O'Leary
PURPOSE: To investigate the safety of trivalent seasonal influenza vaccine (TIVc) (Optaflu(®) ), the first cell culture seasonal trivalent influenza vaccine available in Europe. METHODS: Codes and unstructured text in adult electronic healthcare records (The Health Improvement Network) were searched for a TIVc brand name or batch number and possible outcomes within a 3 month pre- to 6 month post-TIVc exposure study period (2012-2015). The outcomes were severe allergic reactions, Bell's palsy, convulsions, demyelination, paresthesia, noninfectious encephalitis, neuritis (optic and brachial), vasculitis, inflammatory bowel disease, and thrombocytopenia...
November 20, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152324/a-field-efficacy-and-safety-trial-in-the-netherlands-in-pigs-vaccinated-at-3%C3%A2-weeks-of-age-with-a-ready-to-use-porcine-circovirus-type-2-and-mycoplasma-hyopneumoniae-combined-vaccine
#17
Luuk Kaalberg, Victor Geurts, Rika Jolie
Background: Respiratory diseases impair the health and welfare of growing pigs and impacts farmers' gains worldwide. Their control through a preventative medical approach has to be tailored according to the pathogens identified at farm level. In the Netherlands, several studies have emphasized the prominent role of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, Porcine Circovirus type 2 and Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus in such respiratory conditions. Further to the arrival on the Dutch market of the first commercially available bivalent vaccine against PCV2 and M...
2017: Porcine Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148911/report-from-enhanced-safety-surveillance-of-two-influenza-vaccines-vaxigrip-and-intanza-15%C3%AE-g-in-two-european-countries-during-influenza-season-2016-17-and-comparison-with-2015-16-season
#18
Anne Laure Chabanon, Hélène Bricout, Céline Ballandras, Audrey Souverain, Timothy David Caroe, Karina M Butler
Passive enhanced safety surveillance (ESS) was implemented in the United Kingdom and in the Republic of Ireland for Vaxigrip and Intanza 15µg influenza vaccines during the 2016/17 influenza season. Lessons learned during 2015/16 ESS implementation were integrated and applied towards the current ESS. The primary objective was to estimate the reporting rates of suspected adverse reactions (ARs) occurring within 7 days of vaccination with Vaxigrip or Intanza 15µg. For Vaxigrip (N = 962), 17 vaccinees (1.8%) reported 59 suspected ARs (6...
November 17, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148124/the-safety-of-live-attenuated-influenza-vaccine-in-children-and-adolescents-2-through-17%C3%A2-years-of-age-a-vaccine-safety-datalink-study
#19
Matthew F Daley, Christina L Clarke, Jason M Glanz, Stanley Xu, Simon J Hambidge, James G Donahue, James D Nordin, Nicola P Klein, Steven J Jacobsen, Allison L Naleway, Michael L Jackson, Grace Lee, Jonathan Duffy, Eric Weintraub
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety of live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) in children 2 through 17 years of age. METHODS: The study was conducted in 6 large integrated health care organizations participating in the Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD). Trivalent LAIV safety was assessed in children who received LAIV between September 1, 2003 and March 31, 2013. Eighteen pre-specified adverse event groups were studied, including allergic, autoimmune, neurologic, respiratory, and infectious conditions...
November 17, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146945/maraba-virus-vectored-cancer-vaccines-represent-a-safe-and-novel-therapeutic-option-for-cats
#20
Jeff Hummel, Dorothee Bienzle, Annette Morrison, Michelle Cieplak, Kyle Stephenson, Josepha DeLay, J Paul Woods, Brian D Lichty, Byram W Bridle
Direct killing of malignant cells combined with induction of tumour-specific immune responses makes oncolytic vaccines attractive for cancer therapy. We previously developed a heterologous cancer immunization strategy that utilized a replication-defective adenovirus-vectored primary vaccine encoding a tumour antigen followed by boosting with a replication-competent Maraba virus expressing the same antigen. To assess the safety of oncolytic Maraba virus-based booster vaccines and inform the design of clinical trials, we conducted translational studies in cats, which have immune systems that are similar to people and spontaneously develop cancers of comparable types and etiologies...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
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