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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735496/low-level-prenatal-toxin-exposures-and-breastfeeding-duration-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Casey B Rosen-Carole, Peggy Auinger, Cynthia R Howard, Elizabeth A Brownell, Bruce P Lanphear
Introduction Maternal exposure to tobacco smoke is associated with shortened breastfeeding duration, but few studies have examined the effects on breastfeeding outcomes of low level exposures to other toxic chemicals. Moreover, it is unclear if passive smoking is associated with duration of breastfeeding. Our objective was therefore to examine the effect of low-level prenatal exposures to common environmental toxins (tobacco smoke, lead, and phthalates) on breastfeeding exclusivity and duration. Methods We conducted an analysis of data from the Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment (HOME) Study...
July 22, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735032/a-prospective-study-of-breastfeeding-intentions-of-healthy-weight-and-overweight-women-as-predictors-of-breastfeeding-outcomes
#2
Susan J de Jersey, Kimberley Mallan, Justine Forster, Lynne A Daniels
OBJECTIVE: Women with a higher BMI are at increased risk of breastfeeding for a shorter duration, however it is unclear if weight status itself or other factors such as feeding intentions are responsible for early breastfeeding cessation. The aim of this study was determine the influence of maternal pre-pregnancy weight status on infant feeding intentions during pregnancy using a validated scale and assess whether high intentions to exclusively breastfeed measured during pregnancy predicted feeding mode at discharge and at 4 months postpartum in both healthy weight (Hwt) (BMI< 25kg/m(2)) and overweight (Owt)(BMI > 25kg/m(2)) women...
July 5, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735031/taking-the-alternative-route-women-s-experience-of-intranasal-fentanyl-subcutaneous-fentanyl-or-intramuscular-pethidine-for-labour-analgesia
#3
Julie-Anne Fleet, Meril Jones, Ingrid Belan
OBJECTIVE: To compare women's experience of receiving either intranasal fentanyl, subcutaneous fentanyl or intramuscular pethidine for labour analgesia. DESIGN: A content analysis was undertaken as part of the third phase of a larger randomised controlled trial, using the per-protocol dataset to examine women's experiences of treatment received. Healthy women birthing at term, who received intranasal fentanyl (n=41), subcutaneous fentanyl (n=37) and/or intramuscular pethidine (n=38) for labour analgesia, were contacted at 6 weeks postpartum to complete a phone questionnaire...
July 8, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732243/modeling-trait-depression-amplifies-the-effect-of-childbearing-on-postpartum-depression
#4
Kristen G Merkitch, Katherine G Jonas, Michael W O'Hara
BACKGROUND: The literature on the relative risk for depression in the postpartum period has largely focused on state (or episodic) depression, and has not addressed trait depression (a woman's general tendency to experience depressed mood). The present study evaluates the association between childbirth and depression in the postpartum period, taking into account the role of stable differences in women's vulnerability for depression across a 10-year span. METHODS: Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 Cohort (N = 4385) were used...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732193/what-should-a-website-dedicated-to-the-postnatal-period-contain-a-delphi-survey-among-parents-and-professionals
#5
J Slomian, P Emonts, M Erpicum, L Vigneron, J Y Reginster, O Bruyère
OBJECTIVES: Mothers have a great need for information during the postnatal period. Trying to meet this need, mothers are increasingly turning to the Internet. Nevertheless, many women have stated that they often or always found that the information that they found on the Internet was incomplete or wrong. Many women therefore believe that health professionals should suggest reliable Internet websites for new mothers. The aim of this study was therefore to find a consensus on the content of a reliable and centralized website dedicated to mothers from the end of pregnancy to 1 year after childbirth...
July 6, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732125/birth-preparedness-and-complication-readiness-among-prenatal-attendees-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-south-west-nigeria
#6
Olusola P Aduloju, Akinyemi A Akintayo, Tolulope Aduloju, Oladunni O Akin-Akintayo
OBJECTIVE: To assess birth preparedness and complication readiness (BPCR) as well as knowledge of danger signs during pregnancy, labor/delivery, and the postpartum period. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken of pregnant women attending the prenatal clinic at a tertiary hospital in Nigeria between October and December 2016. A pretested and structured questionnaire was used to collect data on BPCR, and logistic regression was performed to determine factors affecting BPCR...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731624/risk-for-postpartum-depression-among-immigrant-arabic-women-in-the-united-states-a-feasibility-study
#7
Dalia Alhasanat, Judith Fry-McComish, Hossein N Yarandi
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) affects approximately 14% of women in the United States and 10% to 37% of Arabic women in the Middle East. Evidence suggests that immigrant women experience higher rates, but information on PPD among immigrant women of Arabic descent in the United States is nonexistent. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive feasibility study was conducted to assess the practicality of implementing a larger proposed research study to examine predictors of PPD in US immigrant women of Arabic descent residing in Dearborn, Michigan...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731590/handheld-fetal-doppler-device-for-assessing-heart-rate-in-neonatal-resuscitation
#8
Rinshu Shimabukuro, Kozo Takase, Sachiko Ohde, Isao Kusakawa
BACKGROUND: The use of neonatal 3-lead electrocardiograms (Neo-ECG) is suggested as a method for the assessment of heart rate (HR) in neonatal resuscitation, but primary childbirth facilities (i.e., maternity clinics or maternity homes) are not sufficiently equipped for this. The objective of this study was to confirm the potential of using a handheld fetal Doppler device (FDD), widely used to assess HR in labor room resuscitation, and to compare its equivalency to Neo-ECG. METHODS: In low-risk full-term infants, HR was measured 5 times/minute in minutes 1-5 postpartum using the FDD and Neo-ECG, and their equivalence was compared...
July 21, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730318/renal-function-in-neonates-with-twin-twin-transfusion-syndrome-treated-with-or-without-fetoscopic-laser-surgery
#9
Lianne Verbeek, Faiez A Joemmanbaks, Jacoba M E Quak, Ram N Sukhai, Johanna M Middeldorp, Dick Oepkes, Enrico Lopriore
The aim of this study is to investigate the short-term renal function in neonates with twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS), treated with fetoscopic laser surgery (laser group) or conservatively (non-laser group). Creatinine and urea levels and urine output were recorded in the first week after birth. Primary outcome was short-term renal dysfunction, defined as a creatinine level of >100 μmol/L during the first week postpartum. We evaluated 312 twins (laser group, n = 274; non-laser group, n = 38)...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729097/post-caesarean-section-surgical-site-infection-surveillance-using-an-online-database-and-mobile-phone-technology
#10
Eliana Castillo, Corrine McIsaac, Bhreagh MacDougall, Douglas Wilson, Rosemary Kohr
BACKGROUND: Obstetric surgical site infections (SSIs) are common and expensive to the health care system but remain under reported given shorter postoperative hospital stays and suboptimal post-discharge surveillance systems. SSIs, for the purpose of this paper, are defined according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (1999) as infection incurring within 30 days of the operative procedure (in this case, Caesarean section [CS]). PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate the feasibility of real-life use of a patient driven SSIs post-discharge surveillance system consisting of an online database and mobile phone technology (surgical mobile app - how2trak) among women undergoing CS in a Canadian urban centre...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728686/spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissection-associated-with-pregnancy
#11
Marysia S Tweet, Sharonne N Hayes, Elisabeth Codsi, Rajiv Gulati, Carl H Rose, Patricia J M Best
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is the most common cause of pregnancy-associated myocardial infarction and remains poorly characterized. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess presentation, clinical factors, and outcomes of pregnancy-associated spontaneous coronary artery dissection (P-SCAD) compared with spontaneous coronary artery dissection not associated with pregnancy (NP-SCAD). METHODS: A Mayo Clinic registry was established in 2010 to include comprehensive retrospective and prospective SCAD data...
July 25, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728359/influence-of-supplemental-canola-or-soybean-oil-on-milk-yield-fatty-acid-profile-and-postpartum-weight-changes-in-grazing-dairy-goats
#12
Israel Lerma-Reyes, G D Mendoza-Martínez, Rolando Rojo-Rubio, Mario Mejia, Juan Carlos Garcia-Lopez, Hector Aaron Lee-Rangel
Objective: This experiment was designed to evaluate the effect of supplementation with soybean or canola oil on milk production and the composition of long chain fatty acids as well as weight changes in the goats and their kids. Methods: Thirty nine mulitparous crossed Alpine x Nubian goats (initial BW 43.5 ± 1.7 kg) from the day of parturition were assigned to the treatments: grazing control (n=15); grazing plus 20 mL/goat/d of supplemental soybean oil (n=12); and grazing plus 20 mL/goat/d of supplemental canola oil (n=12)...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728102/uterine-necrosis-following-a-combination-of-uterine-compression-sutures-and-vascular-ligation-during-a-postpartum-hemorrhage-a-case-report
#13
Saad Benkirane, Hanane Saadi, Badr Serji, Ahmed Mimouni
INTRODUCTION: The Postpartum bleeding is the first cause of maternal mortality in Morocco. It is an obstetrical emergency that requires a fast multimodal management including medical care, interventional procedure and in few cases a salvatory surgery. CLINICAL CASE: We report a rare case of uterine necrosis following postpartum hemorrhage, refractory to medical therapy, and which was controlled by a combination of uterine hemostatic techniques and vascular ligation three days after surgery, the patient developed a fever (39°C)...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727931/pumping-milk-without-ever-feeding-at-the-breast-in-the-moms2moms-study
#14
Sarah A Keim, Kelly M Boone, Reena Oza-Frank, Sheela R Geraghty
BACKGROUND: More than 85% of contemporary lactating women in the United States express their milk at least sometimes. Some produce milk exclusively through pumping. We characterized women who pumped but never fed at the breast and compared their infant feeding practices with those of women who fed at the breast with or without pumping. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Study participants were those delivered at Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center in 2011 and completed a questionnaire at 12 months postpartum (n = 478)...
July 20, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727715/a-pilot-cross-sectional-study-of-postpartum-wrist-pain-in-an-urban-chinese-population-its-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#15
Regina W S Sit, Wing-Hung Tam, Dicken C C Chan, Benjamin H K Yip, Lucia W Y Tam, Lyan L Y Chow, Vincent C H Chung, Roger Y Chung, Samuel Y S Wong
BACKGROUND: Wrist pain after childbirth is commonly encountered in clinical practice. Little is known about the prevalence of this musculoskeletal disorder which is important to overall maternal health. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of and risk factors for de novo wrist pain in women after childbirth. STUDY DESIGN: A pilot cross-sectional survey. SETTING: A telephone interview was conducted 2 months after childbirth among women who delivered at a tertiary hospital in Hong Kong...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727649/variables-affecting-intra-abdominal-pressure-during-lifting-in-the-early-postpartum-period
#16
Yvonne Hsu, Robert Hitchcock, Stefan Niederauer, Ingrid E Nygaard, Janet M Shaw, Xiaoming Sheng
OBJECTIVES: Intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) may contribute to pelvic floor health, although the direction and magnitude of such an effect, if any, are not yet known. Identifying individual characteristics, and in particular modifiable factors, associated with higher IAP during recovery from vaginal childbirth might serve to mitigate early pelvic floor dysfunction. The aim of this study was to identify characteristics associated with maximal IAP during lifting in postpartum primiparous women who delivered vaginally...
July 20, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727121/supplementing-newborn-intrauterine-growth-restricted-piglets-with-a-bolus-of-porcine-colostrum-raises-rectal-temperatures-one-degree-celsius
#17
C Amdi, L L Jensen, N Oksbjerg, C F Hansen
Hyperprolific sows have increased litter sizes but also result in more piglets that have been exposed to intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). These IUGR piglets are likely to have a low rectal temperature and lower blood glucose levels compared with normal piglets at birth. Therefore, we hypothesized that a colostrum bolus at birth and/or heat from an external source would have a positive effect on blood glucose levels, rectal temperatures, and growth up to 8 h postpartum. In addition, liver glycogen and blood values at 8 h were investigated...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727097/evaluating-the-impact-of-breed-pregnancy-and-hair-coat-on-body-temperature-and-sweating-rate-of-hair-sheep-ewes-in-the-tropics
#18
R W Godfrey, W D Preston, S R Joseph, L LaPlace, P E Hillman, K G Gebremedhin, C N Lee, R J Collier
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of pregnancy, breed, and hair coat on body temperature and sweating rate (SR) of hair sheep. St. Croix White (STX; = 9) and Dorper × STX (DRPX; = 9) ewes (3.6 yr of age) were evaluated over 4 d at 126 d of gestation (PREG) and over 4 d at 46 d postpartum (OPEN) in the shade and sun and in the morning (AM; 0900 to 1200 h) and afternoon (PM; 1300 to 1600 h) after a 20 min acclimation to each condition on each day. Data loggers recorded vaginal temperature (VT) at 10-min intervals for 96 h...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727047/a-diet-supplemented-with-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-influences-the-metabomscic-and-endocrine-response-of-rabbit-does-and-their-offspring
#19
M Rodríguez, R M García-García, M Arias-Álvarez, N Formoso-Rafferty, P Millán, J López-Tello, P L Lorenzo, A González-Bulnes, P G Rebollar
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the productive, endocrine, and metabomscic responses as well as oxidative stress of rabbit does and their offspring when fed a diet supplemented with -3 PUFA during their first productive cycle. To this aim, a total of 105 rabbit does were fed ad mscibitum from d 60 to 172 of age 2 isoenergetic and isoproteic diets differing in fatty acid composition. The control diet ( = 52 does) contained 45.9 g/kg of -3 of the total fatty acids and the enriched diet ( = 53 does) contained 149...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727010/effect-of-experimentally-increased-protein-supply-to-postpartum-dairy-cows-on-plasma-protein-synthesis-rumen-tissue-proliferation-and-immune-homeostasis
#20
M Larsen, C M Røntved, P K Theil, M Khatun, C Lauridsen, N B Kristensen
The effect of experimentally increasing the postpartum protein supply on plasma protein synthesis, rumen tissue proliferation, and immune homeostasis was studied using 8 periparturient Holstein cows in a complete randomized design. At calving, cows were assigned to abomasal infusion of water (CTRL) or casein (CAS) in addition to a lactation diet. Casein infusion was gradually decreased from 696 ± 1 g/d at +2 d relative to calving (DRTC) to 212 ± 10 g/d at +29 DRTC to avoid excessive supply. Synthesis rate of plasma proteins was measured at -14, +4, +15, and +29 DRTC by measuring [C]Phe isotopic enrichment in arterial plasma free Phe, total plasma proteins, and albumin after 3, 5, and 7 h of jugular ring[C]Phe infusion...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
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