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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212639/erectile-dysfunction-and-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution-in-a-nationally-representative-cohort-of-older-men
#1
Lindsay A Tallon, Justin Manjourides, Vivian C Pun, Murray A Mittleman, Marianthi-Anna Kioumourtzoglou, Brent Coull, Helen Suh
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between air pollution and erectile dysfunction (ED), a disorder occurring in 64% of men over the age of 70, and to date, no studies have been published. To address this significant knowledge gap, we explored the relationship between ED and air pollution in a group of older men who were part of the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP), a nationally representative cohort study of older Americans. METHODS: We obtained incident ED status and participant data for 412 men (age 57-85)...
February 17, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209408/household-air-pollution-from-various-types-of-rural-kitchens-and-its-exposure-assessment
#2
Maninder Kaur Sidhu, Khaiwal Ravindra, Suman Mor, Siby John
Exposure to household air pollutants has become a leading environmental health risk in developing countries. Considering this, real-time temporal variation in fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and carbon monoxide (CO) concentrations were measured in various types of rural household kitchens. Observed average concentrations of PM2.5, CO, percent relative humidity (%RH) and temperature (T) in five different kitchen types were 549.6μg/m(3), 4.2ppm, 70.2% and 20°C respectively. Highest CO and PM2.5 concentration were found in household performing cooking in indoor kitchens (CO: 9...
February 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208813/perceptions-of-improved-biomass-and-liquefied-petroleum-gas-stoves-in-puno-peru-implications-for-promoting-sustained-and-exclusive-adoption-of-clean-cooking-technologies
#3
Jacqueline Hollada, Kendra N Williams, Catherine H Miele, David Danz, Steven A Harvey, William Checkley
Many households in low- and middle-income countries cook with inefficient biomass-burning stoves, which cause high levels of household air pollution and threaten long-term health. Although clean stoves and fuels are available, uptake and consistent use has been low. Using observations and in-depth interviews, we assessed the attitudes, preferences, and beliefs about traditional versus liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) stoves in rural Puno, Peru. A total of 31 in-depth interviews were conducted with primary cooks and their families, health workers, community leaders, and improved stove contractors...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196720/village-energy-survey-reveals-missing-rural-raw-coal-in-northern-china-significance-in-science-and-policy
#4
Guorui Zhi, Yayun Zhang, Jianzhong Sun, Miaomiao Cheng, Hongyan Dang, Shijie Liu, Junchao Yang, Yuzhe Zhang, Zhigang Xue, Shuyuan Li, Fan Meng
Burning coal for winter heating has been considered a major contributor to northern China's winter haze, with the district heating boilers holding the balance. However a decade of intensive efforts on district heating boilers brought few improvements to northern China's winter air quality, arousing a speculation that the household heating stoves mainly in rural area rather than the district heating boilers mainly in urban area dominate coal emissions in winter. This implies an extreme underestimation of rural household coal consumption by the China Energy Statistical Yearbooks (CESYs), although direct evidence supporting this speculation is lacking...
February 10, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196630/preterm-birth-associated-with-maternal-fine-particulate-matter-exposure-a-global-regional-and-national-assessment
#5
Christopher S Malley, Johan C I Kuylenstierna, Harry W Vallack, Daven K Henze, Hannah Blencowe, Mike R Ashmore
Reduction of preterm births (<37 completed weeks of gestation) would substantially reduce neonatal and infant mortality, and deleterious health effects in survivors. Maternal fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure has been identified as a possible risk factor contributing to preterm birth. The aim of this study was to produce the first estimates of ambient PM2.5-associated preterm births for 183 individual countries and globally. To do this, national, population-weighted, annual average ambient PM2.5 concentration, preterm birth rate and number of livebirths were combined to calculate the number of PM2...
February 10, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125059/racial-differences-in-perceptions-of-air-pollution-health-risk-does-environmental-exposure-matter
#6
Jayajit Chakraborty, Timothy W Collins, Sara E Grineski, Alejandra Maldonado
This article extends environmental risk perception research by exploring how potential health risk from exposure to industrial and vehicular air pollutants, as well as other contextual and socio-demographic factors, influence racial/ethnic differences in air pollution health risk perception. Our study site is the Greater Houston metropolitan area, Texas, USA-a racially/ethnically diverse area facing high levels of exposure to pollutants from both industrial and transportation sources. We integrate primary household-level survey data with estimates of excess cancer risk from ambient exposure to industrial and on-road mobile source emissions of air toxics obtained from the U...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110016/spatial-characteristics-of-urinary-btex-concentrations-in-the-general-population
#7
Xanthi Tsangari, Xanthi D Andrianou, Agapios Agapiou, Pawel Mochalski, Konstantinos C Makris
Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, o-, m-, and p-xylenes (BTEX) are ubiquitous outdoor and indoor air pollutants associated with both environmental and health effects. The objective of this exploratory study was to determine the magnitude and variability of urinary BTEX levels among residents of two areas located in the same city (Nicosia, Cyprus). The two areas differed with respect to their proximity to an industrial cluster and an intercity-highway. First morning urine voids were collected during a random campaign from selected households in the two urban areas (n = 48)...
January 8, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081369/randomized-controlled-ethanol-cookstove-intervention-and-blood-pressure-in-pregnant-nigerian-women
#8
Donee Alexander, Amanda Northcross, Nathaniel Wilson, Anindita Dutta, Rishi Pandya, Tope Ibigbami, Damilola Adu, John Olamijulo, Oludare Morhason-Bello, Theodore Karrison, Oladosu Ojengbede, Christopher O Olopade
RATIONALE: Hypertension during pregnancy is a leading cause of maternal mortality. Exposure to household air pollution (HAP) elevates blood pressure (BP). OBJECTIVES: Investigate ability of clean cookstove intervention to lower BP during pregnancy. METHODS: A randomized, controlled trial (RCT) was conducted in Nigeria. Pregnant women cooking with kerosene or firewood were randomly assigned to ethanol (n = 162) or control arms (n = 162). BP measurements were taken during 6 antenatal visits...
January 12, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069367/co-variability-and-its-association-with-household-cooking-fuels-consumption-over-the-indo-gangetic-plains
#9
Alok Kumar Pandey, Amit Kumar Mishra, Ritesh Kumar, Shivesh Berwal, Rakhesh Devadas, Alfredo Huete, Krishan Kumar
This study examines the spatio-temporal trends obtained from decade long (Jan 2003-Dec 2014) satellite observational data of Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) and Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) on carbon monoxide (CO) concentration over the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) region. The time sequence plots of columnar CO levels over the western, central and eastern IGP regions reveal marked seasonal behaviour, with lowest CO levels occurring during the monsoon months and the highest CO levels occurring during the pre-monsoon period...
March 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056271/-disease-burden-attributable-to-household-air-pollution-in-1990-and-2013-in-china
#10
P Yin, Y Cai, J M Liu, Y N Liu, J L Qi, L J Wang, J L You, M G Zhou
Objective: To assess the disease burden attributable to household air pollution in 1990 and 2013 in China. Methods: Based on data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 in China (GBD 2013), we used population attributable fractions (PAF) to analyze the burden of different diseases attributable to solid-fuel household pollution in 2013 in China(not inclnding HongKang, Macao, Taiwan). We compared PAF, mortality, and disability-adjusted life years (DALY) for diseases attributable to solid-fuel household pollution in 31 provinces in mainland China in 1990 and 2013, and stratified the burden by age group...
January 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040225/air-pollutant-emission-from-the-underestimated-households-coal-consumption-source-in-china
#11
Miaomiao Cheng, Guorui Zhi, Wei Tang, Shijie Liu, Hongyan Dang, Zheng Guo, Jinhong Du, Xiaohui Du, Weiqi Zhang, Yujie Zhang, Fan Meng
In order to improve the regional air quality, many control strategies have been developed by Chinese government for reducing air pollutant emission from power plants, industrial and transport sources during the past decade. However, little attention has been paid to residential combustion sources. To fill the knowledge gap, a series of surveys were carried out to investigate the residential energy use in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region during the period of 2013-2014. Study shows that the actual average amount of residential coal consumption is over 0...
December 28, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040224/household-air-pollution-following-replacement-of-traditional-open-fire-with-an-improved-rocket-type-cookstove
#12
Caroline Ochieng, Sotiris Vardoulakis, Cathryn Tonne
Cooking with biomass fuel is an important source of household air pollution (HAP) in developing countries, and a leading risk factor for ill-health. Although various designs of "improved cookstoves" (ICS) have been promoted as HAP interventions in these settings, few of them have undergone in-field evaluation, partly due to the challenge of conducting field measurements in remote settings. In this study we assessed the change in carbon monoxide (CO) exposure following the replacement of the traditional three-stone stove with a popular ICS in 49 homes in Western Kenya...
December 28, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039622/airing-clean-air-in-clean-india-mission
#13
EDITORIAL
T Banerjee, M Kumar, R K Mall, R S Singh
The submission explores the possibility of a policy revision for considering clean air quality in recently launched nationwide campaign, Clean India Mission (CIM). Despite of several efforts for improving availability of clean household energy and sanitation facilities, situation remain still depressing as almost half of global population lacks access to clean energy and proper sanitation. Globally, at least 2.5 billion people do not have access to basic sanitation facilities. There are also evidences of 7 million premature deaths by air pollution in year 2012...
December 30, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038878/long-term-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution-and-mortality-in-a-chinese-tuberculosis-cohort
#14
Zhuoxin Peng, Cong Liu, Biao Xu, Haidong Kan, Weibing Wang
BACKGROUND: Evidence for the relationship between exposure to ambient air pollution and the mortality of tuberculosis (TB) patients is limited. METHODS: We analyzed the association between long-term exposure to particulate matter <2.5μm in diameter (PM2.5) and cause-specific mortality in a Chinese TB patients cohort from 2003 to 2013. Data from the Global Burden of Disease 2013 estimate were used to assess yearly average concentrations of PM2.5 and ozone at the household addresses of participants...
December 27, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990700/biomass-fuel-smoke-exposure-was-associated-with-adverse-cardiac-remodeling-and-left-ventricular-dysfunction-in-peru
#15
Melissa S Burroughs Peña, Eric J Velazquez, Jose D Rivera, Fawaz Alenezi, Catherine Wong, Matthew Grigsby, Victor G Davila-Roman, Robert H Gilman, Jaime J Miranda, William Checkley
BACKGROUND: While household air pollution from biomass fuel combustion has been linked to cardiovascular disease, the effects on cardiac structure and function have not been well described. We sought to determine the association between biomass fuel smoke exposure and cardiac structure and function by transthoracic echocardiography. METHODS: We identified a random sample of urban and rural residents living in the high-altitude region of Puno, Peru. Daily biomass fuel use was self-reported...
December 19, 2016: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939206/quartz-in-ash-and-air-in-a-high-lung-cancer-incidence-area-in-china
#16
George S Downward, Wei Hu, Nat Rothman, Boris Reiss, Peter Tromp, Guoping Wu, Fusheng Wei, Jun Xu, Wei Jie Seow, Robert S Chapman, Qing Lan, Roel Vermeulen
Exposure to crystalline silica (quartz) has been implicated as a potential cause of the high lung cancer rates in the neighbouring counties of Xuanwei and Fuyuan, China, where the domestic combustion of locally sourced "smoky" coal (a bituminous coal) is responsible for some of the highest lung cancer rates in the nation, irrespective of gender or smoking status. Previous studies have shown that smoky coal contains approximately twice as much quartz when compared to alternative fuels in the area, although it is unclear how the quartz in coal relates to household air pollution...
February 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939058/a-cleaner-burning-biomass-fuelled-cookstove-intervention-to-prevent-pneumonia-in-children-under-5-years-old-in-rural-malawi-the-cooking-and-pneumonia-study-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kevin Mortimer, Chifundo B Ndamala, Andrew W Naunje, Jullita Malava, Cynthia Katundu, William Weston, Deborah Havens, Daniel Pope, Nigel G Bruce, Moffat Nyirenda, Duolao Wang, Amelia Crampin, Jonathan Grigg, John Balmes, Stephen B Gordon
BACKGROUND: WHO estimates exposure to air pollution from cooking with solid fuels is associated with over 4 million premature deaths worldwide every year including half a million children under the age of 5 years from pneumonia. We hypothesised that replacing open fires with cleaner burning biomass-fuelled cookstoves would reduce pneumonia incidence in young children. METHODS: We did a community-level open cluster randomised controlled trial to compare the effects of a cleaner burning biomass-fuelled cookstove intervention to continuation of open fire cooking on pneumonia in children living in two rural districts, Chikhwawa and Karonga, of Malawi...
14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936627/profiling-the-serum-albumin-cys34-adductome-of-solid-fuel-users-in-xuanwei-and-fuyuan-china
#18
Sixin S Lu, Hasmik Grigoryan, William M B Edmands, Wei Hu, Anthony T Iavarone, Alan Hubbard, Nathaniel Rothman, Roel Vermeulen, Qing Lan, Stephen M Rappaport
Xuanwei and Fuyuan counties in China have the highest lung cancer rates in the world due to household air pollution from combustion of smoky coal for cooking and heating. To discover potential biomarkers of indoor combustion products, we profiled adducts at the Cys34 locus of human serum albumin (HSA) in 29 nonsmoking Xuanwei and Fuyuan females who used smoky coal, smokeless coal, or wood and 10 local controls who used electricity or gas fuel. Our untargeted "adductomics" method detected 50 tryptic peptides of HSA, containing Cys34 and prominent post-translational modifications...
January 3, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923586/assessment-of-traditional-and-improved-stove-use-on-household-air-pollution-and-personal-exposures-in-rural-western-kenya
#19
Fuyuen Yip, Bryan Christensen, Kanta Sircar, Luke Naeher, Nigel Bruce, David Pennise, Matthew Lozier, Tamara Pilishvili, Jennifer Loo Farrar, Debbi Stanistreet, Ronald Nyagol, Justus Muoki, Lindsey de Beer, Michael Sage, Vikas Kapil
BACKGROUND: Over 40% of the world's population relies on solid fuels for heating and cooking. Use of improved biomass cookstoves (ICS) has the potential to reduce household air pollution (HAP). OBJECTIVES: As part of an evaluation to identify ICS for use in Kenya, we collected indoor air and personal air samples to assess differences between traditional cookstoves (TCS) and ICS. METHODS: We conducted a cross-over study in 2012 in two Kenyan villages; up to six different ICS were installed in 45 households during six two-week periods...
December 3, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907205/household-air-pollution-and-acute-lower-respiratory-infections-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#20
Hannah Jary, Hope Simpson, Deborah Havens, Geoffrey Manda, Daniel Pope, Nigel Bruce, Kevin Mortimer
INTRODUCTION: Household air pollution from solid fuel burning kills over 4 million people every year including half a million children from acute lower respiratory infections. Although biologically plausible, it is not clear whether household air pollution is also associated with acute lower respiratory infections in adults. We systematically reviewed the literature on household air pollution and acute lower respiratory infection in adults to identify knowledge gaps and research opportunities...
2016: PloS One
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