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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775945/greenhouse-gas-emissions-reduction-in-different-economic-sectors-mitigation-measures-health-co-benefits-knowledge-gaps-and-policy-implications
#1
REVIEW
Jinghong Gao, Hongli Hou, Yunkai Zhai, Alistair Woodward, Sotiris Vardoulakis, Sari Kovats, Paul Wilkinson, Liping Li, Xiaoqin Song, Lei Xu, Bohan Meng, Xiaobo Liu, Jun Wang, Jie Zhao, Qiyong Liu
To date, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, mitigation strategies and the accompanying health co-benefits in different economic sectors have not been fully investigated. The purpose of this paper is to review comprehensively the evidence on GHG mitigation measures and the related health co-benefits, identify knowledge gaps, and provide recommendations to promote further development and implementation of climate change response policies. Evidence on GHG emissions, abatement measures and related health co-benefits has been observed at regional, national and global levels, involving both low- and high-income societies...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775943/air-pollutant-emissions-and-mitigation-potential-through-the-adoption-of-semi-coke-coals-and-improved-heating-stoves-field-evaluation-of-a-pilot-intervention-program-in-rural-china
#2
Yafei Liu, You Zhang, Chuang Li, Yun Bai, Daoming Zhang, Chunyu Xue, Guangqing Liu
Pollutant emissions from incomplete combustion of raw coal in low-efficiency residential heating stoves greatly contribute to winter haze in China. Semi-coke coals and improved heating stoves are expected to lower air pollutant emissions and are vigorously promoted by the Chinese government in many national and local plans. In this study, the thermal performance and air pollutant emissions from semi-coke combustion in improved heating stoves were measured in a pilot rural county and compared to the baseline of burning raw coal to quantify the mitigation potential of air pollutant emissions...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768418/obgyn-screening-for-environmental-exposures-a-call-for-action
#3
N M Grindler, A A Allshouse, E Jungheim, T L Powell, T Jansson, A J Polotsky
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposures have known adverse effects on maternal and neonatal outcomes. Professional societies recommend routine screening for environmental, occupational, and dietary exposures to reduce exposures and their associated sequelae. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the frequency of environmental exposure screening by obstetricians and gynecologists (OBGYNs) at initial patient visits. STUDY DESIGN: Practicing OBGYNs were approached at the University of Colorado and by social media...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767537/response-to-cookstove-trials-and-tribulations-what-is-needed-to-decrease-the-burden-of-household-air-pollution
#4
Cindy M Gray, Emily Colarte, Clara Young
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767532/reply-response-to-cookstove-trials-and-tribulations-what-is-needed-to-decrease-the-burden-of-household-air-pollution
#5
Kevin Mortimer, John R Balmes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752857/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-hiv-infected-adults-at-three-urban-clinics-in-a-post-conflict-setting-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo
#6
Patrick D M C Katoto, Friedrich Thienemann, André N H Bulabula, Tonya M Esterhuizen, Aimé B Murhula, Pierre P M Lunjwire, Dieudonné M Bihehe, Jean B Nachega
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of and risk factors for metabolic syndrome (MS) in HIV-infected adults at three urban clinics in Bukavu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: From July to September 2016, baseline socio-demographics, risk factors, and clinical characteristics were collected using a structured questionnaire or extracted from medical records. Fasting blood sugar and lipids were measured...
May 12, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734062/impacts-of-stove-use-patterns-and-outdoor-air-quality-on-household-air-pollution-and-cardiovascular-mortality-in-southwestern-china
#7
Graydon Snider, Ellison Carter, Sierra Clark, Joy Tzu Wei Tseng, Xudong Yang, Majid Ezzati, James J Schauer, Christine Wiedinmyer, Jill Baumgartner
BACKGROUND: Decades of intervention programs that replaced traditional biomass stoves with cleaner-burning technologies have failed to meet the World Health Organization (WHO) interim indoor air quality target of 35-μg m-3 for PM2.5 . Many attribute these results to continued use of biomass stoves and poor outdoor air quality, though the relative impacts of these factors have not been empirically quantified. METHODS: We measured 496 days of real-time stove use concurrently with outdoor and indoor air pollution (PM2...
May 4, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731584/fuel-efficiency-and-air-pollutant-concentrations-of-wood-burning-improved-cookstoves-in-malawi-implications-for-scaling-up-cookstove-programs
#8
Pamela Jagger, Joseph Pedit, Ashley Bittner, Laura Hamrick, Tione Phwandapwhanda, Charles Jumbe
National governments and other key stakeholders in developing countries are grappling with how to reduce household air pollution (HAP) resulting from cooking with solid fuels using traditional cooking technologies. Recent studies have shown that improved cookstoves may offer reductions in fuel use and harmful emissions of carbon monoxide (CO) and fine particulate matter (PM2.5 ), yet there is little quantitative evidence collected in a "real-world" setting showing how improved stoves perform directly compared to traditional cooking technologies...
December 2017: Energy for Sustainable Development: the Journal of the International Energy Initiative
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703847/evaluating-the-long-term-consequences-of-air-pollution-in-early-life-geographical-correlations-between-coal-consumption-in-1951-1952-and-current-mortality-in-england-and-wales
#9
David I W Phillips, Clive Osmond, Humphrey Southall, Paula Aucott, Alexander Jones, Stephen T Holgate
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between early life air pollution and subsequent mortality. DESIGN: Geographical study. SETTING: Local government districts within England and Wales. EXPOSURE: Routinely collected geographical data on the use of coal and related solid fuels in 1951-1952 were used as an index of air pollution. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We evaluated the relationship between these data and both all-cause and disease-specific mortality among men and women aged 35-74 years in local government districts between 1993 and 2012...
April 27, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697074/air-pollution-and-environmental-risk-factors-for-altered-lung-function-among-adult-women-of-an-urban-slum-area-of-delhi-a-prevalence-study
#10
Shweta Arora, S K Rasania, D Bachani, Asha Gandhi, S K Chhabra
Background: Household and ambient air pollution are jointly responsible for about 7 million premature deaths annually. Women living in slums, with unhealthy environment, both indoors and outdoors, particularly those living close to industrial and/or vehicular pollution zones due to multiple sources of air pollution, are at the higher risk of having impaired lung function tests. Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of abnormal lung functions and to identify the environmental risk factors associated with them among adult women of 18-59 years...
May 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682002/household-air-pollution-hap-microenvironment-and-child-health-strategies-for-mitigating-hap-exposure-in-urban-rwanda
#11
Ipsita Das, Joseph Pedit, Sudhanshu Handa, Pamela Jagger
Exposure to household air pollution (HAP) from cooking and heating with solid fuels is major risk factor for morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Children under five are particularly at risk for acute lower respiratory infection. We use baseline data from randomized controlled trial evaluating a household energy intervention in Gisenyi, Rwanda to investigate the role of the microenvironment as a determinant of children's HAP-related health symptoms. Our sample includes 529 households, with 694 children under five...
2018: Environmental Research Letters: ERL [Web Site]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681128/association-between-indoor-air-pollution-and-respiratory-disease-in-companion-dogs-and-cats
#12
Chung-Hui Lin, Pei-Ying Lo, Huey-Dong Wu, Chinhao Chang, Lih-Chiann Wang
BACKGROUND: Indoor air pollution (IAP) leads to important respiratory morbidity and mortality in humans. Companion dogs and cats share the same household environment with their owners and are exposed to IAP. HYPOTHESIS: Pets with respiratory disease are more commonly exposed to indoor air pollutants in their homes and to worse air quality than pets without respiratory disease. ANIMALS: Three hundred and forty-eight animals (230 dogs and 118 cats) were recruited...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676635/effects-of-household-air-pollution-in-malawi-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-status-on-respiratory-symptoms-and-inflammation-injury-and-repair-markers
#13
Charles Kim, Hannah Jary, Kevin Mortimer, Kelly S Schweitzer, Doug Curran-Everett, Stephen Gordon, Irina Petrache
RATIONALE: Household air pollution (HAP) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are associated with increased risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Both HAP and HIV are widespread in Sub-Saharan Africa, including Malawi, where HIV has 10.6% prevalence in patients 15-49 years old. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that HIV infection (HIV+ ) and habitual exposure to HAP (HAP+ ) synergize to cause systemic inflammation and vascular injury, which may herald early onset of chronic respiratory diseases...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676630/international-approach-to-environmental-and-lung-health-a-perspective-from-the-fogarty-international-center
#14
Roger I Glass, Joshua P Rosenthal
The global burden of lung disease is substantial, accounting for an estimated 7.5 million deaths per year, approximately 14% of annual deaths worldwide. The prime illnesses include, in descending order, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, tuberculosis, acute respiratory infections, asthma, and interstitial lung fibrosis. Key risk factors include smoking, both indoor and outdoor air pollution, and occupational exposures. Although the distribution of both the diseases and the risk factors varies greatly by age, geography, and setting, the greatest burden falls on populations living in low- and middle-income countries...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672477/assessment-of-community-awareness-and-practices-concerning-indoor-air-pollutants-madison-county-alabama-june-2017
#15
Charlene Siza, Melissa Morrison, Scott Harris, Timothy Hatch, Michael Tyler
The Alabama Department of Public Health (ADPH) conducts an annual community assessment to evaluate household preparedness and local public health concerns. In June 2017, ADPH conducted a Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER), focusing on indoor air pollutants in seven neighborhoods in Madison County, Alabama, where a large percentage of homes were built before 1980. Local health partners had concerns about indoor air quality and environmental risks such as radon; however, limited information was available regarding community awareness, prevention, and mitigation measures related to potential exposures...
April 20, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652852/the-effect-of-pm-2-5-from-household-combustion-on-life-expectancy-in-sub-saharan-africa
#16
Badamassi Aboubacar, Xu Deyi, Mahaman Yacoubou Abdoul Razak, Boubacar Hamidou Leyla
Household fuel combustion, especially using solid combustibles (biomass and fossil fuels), for cooking and other activities produces emissions that contribute to concentrations of indoor as well as outdoor air pollutants such as particulate matter with diameter smaller than 2.5 μm (PM2.5 ) that deteriorate health and likely affect life expectancy (LEX). This study investigates the impact of PM2.5 from household combustion on LEX considering several covariates while controlling for ambient PM2.5 generated by other sectors...
April 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649883/role-of-geographic-information-system-in-assessing-determinants-of-cardiovascular-disease-an-experience-from-a-low-and-middle-income-country
#17
Mathew Joseph Valamparampil, Ananth Mohan, Chinu Jose, Deepthi Kottassery Sadheesan, Jemin Jose Aby, Prasannakumar Vasudevakaimal, Sara Varghese, Anish Tekkumkara Surendrannair, Achu Laila Ashokan, Resmi Santhakumari Madhusoodhanan, Insija Selene Ilyas, Amjith Rajeevan, Sreekanth Balakrishnan Karthikeyan, Krishna Sulochana Devadhas, Rajesh Raghunath, Sethulekshmi Surendran, Harikrishnan Muraleedharanpillai, Zinia Thajudeen Nujum
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. The determinants of CVD in an urban population using conventional and geographic information system techniques were attempted as a community-based census-type cross-sectional study in Kerala, India, among 1649 individuals residing in 452 households. Sociodemographic details, risk factor exposures, and self-reported disease prevalence were determined. Location of houses, wells from which subjects drew drinking water, and distances of the house from the outer road (proxy for air pollution) were mapped using differential global positioning system and pH of water samples determined...
April 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649227/from-kitchen-to-classroom-assessing-the-impact-of-cleaner-burning-biomass-fuelled-cookstoves-on-primary-school-attendance-in-karonga-district-northern-malawi
#18
Christine A Kelly, Amelia C Crampin, Kevin Mortimer, Albert Dube, Jullita Malava, Deborah Johnston, Elaine Unterhalter, Judith R Glynn
Household air pollution from burning solid fuels is responsible for an estimated 2.9 million premature deaths worldwide each year and 4.5% of global disability-adjusted life years, while cooking and fuel collection pose a considerable time burden, particularly for women and children. Cleaner burning biomass-fuelled cookstoves have the potential to lower exposure to household air pollution as well as reduce fuelwood demand by increasing the combustion efficiency of cooking fires, which may in turn yield ancillary benefits in other domains...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627958/better-kitchens-and-toilets-both-needed-for-better-health
#19
EDITORIAL
Khaiwal Ravindra, Kirk R Smith
Both poor water, sanitation, hygiene (WaSH) and household air pollution (HAP) adversely affect the health of millions of people each year around the globe and specifically in developing countries. The objective of current work is to highlight the importance of HAP in parallel to WaSH for decision making to achieve better health specially in developing countries. There are examples, where developing countries are strengthening efforts to tackle the issue of poor water and sanitation such as 'Clean India Mission' was recently launched by the Government of India...
April 7, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614713/cooking-fuels-in-lagos-nigeria-factors-associated-with-household-choice-of-kerosene-or-liquefied-petroleum-gas-lpg
#20
Obianuju B Ozoh, Tochi J Okwor, Olorunfemi Adetona, Ayesha O Akinkugbe, Casmir E Amadi, Christopher Esezobor, Olufunke O Adeyeye, Oluwafemi Ojo, Vivian N Nwude, Kevin Mortimer
Cooking with dirty-burning fuels is associated with health risk from household air pollution. We assessed the prevalence of and factors associated with the use of cooking fuels, and attitudes and barriers towards use of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). This was a cross-sectional, population-based survey conducted in 519 households in Lagos, Nigeria. We used a structured questionnaire to obtain information regarding choice of household cooking fuel and the attitudes towards the use of LPG. Kerosene was the most frequently used cooking fuel ( n = 475, 91...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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