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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341576/effectiveness-of-interventions-to-reduce-household-air-pollution-and-or-improve-health-in-homes-using-solid-fuel-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Reginald Quansah, Sean Semple, Caroline A Ochieng, Sanjar Juvekar, Frederick Ato Armah, Isaac Luginaah, Jacques Emina
BACKGROUND: Cookstove intervention programs have been increasing over the past two (2) decades in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs) across the globe. However, there remains uncertainty regarding the effects of these interventions on household air pollution concentrations, personal exposure concentrations and health outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to determine if household air pollution (HAP) interventions were associated with improved indoor air quality (IAQ) in households in LMICs...
March 21, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340488/national-and-sub-national-age-sex-specific-and-cause-specific-mortality-and-disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-attributable-to-household-air-pollution-from-solid-cookfuel-use-hap-in-iran-1990-2013
#2
Mehrnoosh Abtahi, Ali Koolivand, Sina Dobaradaran, Kamyar Yaghmaeian, Anoushiravan Mohseni-Bandpei, Shokooh Sadat Khaloo, Sahand Jorfi, Reza Saeedi
National and sub-national mortality, years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLLs), years lived with disability (YLDs) and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for household air pollution from solid cookfuel use (HAP) in Iran, 1990-2013 were estimated based on the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (GBD 2013). The burden of disease attributable to HAP was quantified by the comparative risk assessment method using four inputs: (1) exposure to HAP, (2) the theoretical minimum risk exposure level (TMREL), (3) exposure-response relationships of related causes (4) disease burden of related causes...
March 21, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320639/exposure-to-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-and-volatile-organic-compounds-among-recently-pregnant-rural-guatemalan-women-cooking-and-heating-with-solid-fuels
#3
John R Weinstein, Renée Asteria-Peñaloza, Anaité Diaz-Artiga, Gilberto Davila, S Katharine Hammond, Ian T Ryde, Joel N Meyer, Neal Benowitz, Lisa M Thompson
BACKGROUND: Household air pollution is a major contributor to death and disability worldwide. Over 95% of rural Guatemalan households use woodstoves for cooking or heating. Woodsmoke contains carcinogenic or fetotoxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Increased PAHs and VOCs have been shown to increase levels of oxidative stress. OBJECTIVE: We examined PAH and VOC exposures among recently pregnant rural Guatemalan women exposed to woodsmoke and compared exposures to levels seen occupationally or among smokers...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319817/indoor-air-quality-of-low-and-middle-income-urban-households-in-durban-south-africa
#4
Nkosana Jafta, Lars Barregard, Prakash M Jeena, Rajen N Naidoo
INTRODUCTION: Elevated levels of indoor air pollutants may cause cardiopulmonary disease such as lower respiratory infection, chronic obstructive lung disease and lung cancer, but the association with tuberculosis (TB) is unclear. So far the risk estimates of TB infection or/and disease due to indoor air pollution (IAP) exposure are based on self-reported exposures rather than direct measurements of IAP, and these exposures have not been validated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to characterize and develop predictive models for concentrations of three air pollutants (PM10, NO2 and SO2) in homes of children participating in a childhood TB study...
March 15, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318790/wood-burning-pollution-in-southern-chile-pm2-5-source-apportionment-using-cmb-and-molecular-markers
#5
Ana M Villalobos, Francisco Barraza, Héctor Jorquera, James J Schauer
Temuco is a mid-size city representative of severe wood smoke pollution in southern Chile; i.e., ambient 24-h PM2.5 concentrations have exceeded 150 μg/m(3) in the winter season and the top concentration reached 372 μg/m(3) in 2010. Annual mean concentrations have decreased but are still above 30 μg/m(3). For the very first time, a molecular marker source apportionment of ambient organic carbon (OC) and PM2.5 was conducted in Temuco. Primary resolved sources for PM2.5 were wood smoke (37.5%), coal combustion (4...
March 16, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295129/exposure-to-fine-particulate-matter-air-pollution-in-canada
#6
Lauren Pinault, Aaron van Donkelaar, Randall V Martin
BACKGROUND: Exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) has been associated with a greater risk of non-accidental, cardiovascular and respiratory mortality in Canada. Research based on Canadian cohorts suggests that exposure to PM2.5 varies by demographic and socioeconomic characteristics. Studies of NO₂, another pollutant, indicate that persons of lower socioeconomic status and some visible minority groups have greater exposure in urban centres. DATA AND METHODS: National residential PM2...
March 15, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285622/real-life-effectiveness-of-improved-stoves-and-clean-fuels-in-reducing-pm2-5-and-co-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Daniel Pope, Nigel Bruce, Mukesh Dherani, Kirstie Jagoe, Eva Rehfuess
BACKGROUND: 2.8 billion people cook with solid fuels, resulting in almost 3 million premature deaths from household air pollution (HAP). To date, no systematic assessment of impacts on HAP of 'improved' stove and clean fuel interventions has been conducted. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review synthesizes evidence for changes in kitchen and personal PM2.5 and carbon monoxide (CO) following introduction of 'improved' solid fuel stoves and cleaner fuels in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC)...
April 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283121/health-care-expenditures-associated-with-pollution-exploratory-methods-and-findings
#8
Alexander S Preker, Olusoji O Adeyi, Marisa Gil Lapetra, Diane-Charlotte Simon, Eric Keuffel
BACKGROUND: The research done for this paper is part of the background analysis undertaken to support the work of the Global Commission on Pollution, Health and Development, an initiative of The Lancet, the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution, and the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. The paper expands on areas where the current literature has gaps in knowledge related to the health care cost of pollution. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to generate an initial estimate of total tangible health care expenditure attributable to man-made pollution affecting air, soil and water...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278260/household-air-pollution-from-use-of-cooking-fuel-and-under-five-mortality-the-role-of-breastfeeding-status-and-kitchen-location-in-pakistan
#9
Sabrina Naz, Andrew Page, Kingsley Emwinyore Agho
Household air pollution (HAP) mainly from cooking fuel is one of the major causes of respiratory illness and deaths among young children in low and middle-income countries like Pakistan. This study investigates for the first time the association between HAP from cooking fuel and under-five mortality using the 2013 Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey (PDHS) data. Multi-level logistic regression models were used to examine the association between HAP and under-five mortality in a total of 11,507 living children across four age-groups (neonatal aged 0-28 days, post-neonatal aged 1-11 months, child aged 12-59 months and under-five aged 0-59 months)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267233/kerosene-lighting-contributes-to-household-air-pollution-in-rural-uganda
#10
D Muyanja, J G Allen, J Vallarino, L Valeri, B Kakuhikire, D R Bangsberg, D C Christiani, A C Tsai, P S Lai
The literature on the contribution of kerosene lighting to indoor air particulate concentrations is sparse. In rural Uganda, kitchens are almost universally located outside the main home, and kerosene is often used for lighting. In this study, we obtained longitudinal measures of particulate matter 2.5 microns or smaller in size (PM2.5 ) from living rooms and kitchens of 88 households in rural Uganda. Linear mixed effects models with a random intercept for household were used to test the hypotheses that primary reported lighting source and kitchen location (indoor vs...
March 7, 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265092/consequences-of-a-price-incentive-on-free-riding-and-electric-energy-consumption
#11
Mikael Elinder, Sebastian Escobar, Ingel Petré
This article shows that a simple monetary incentive can dramatically reduce electric energy consumption (EEC) in the residential sector and simultaneously achieve a more desirable allocation of EEC costs. The analyses are based on data from a policy experiment conducted in 2011 and 2012 by a private housing company in about 1,800 apartments. Roughly 800 of the tenants (treatment group) were subject to a change from having unlimited EEC included in their rent to having to pay the market price for their own EEC...
March 6, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230752/impact-of-particulate-matter-exposure-and-surrounding-greenness-on-chronic-absenteeism-in-massachusetts-public-schools
#12
Piers MacNaughton, Erika Eitland, Itai Kloog, Joel Schwartz, Joseph Allen
Chronic absenteeism is associated with poorer academic performance and higher attrition in kindergarten to 12th grade (K-12) schools. In prior research, students who were chronically absent generally had fewer employment opportunities and worse health after graduation. We examined the impact that environmental factors surrounding schools have on chronic absenteeism. We estimated the greenness (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)) and fine particulate matter air pollution (PM2.5) within 250 m and 1000 m respectively of each public school in Massachusetts during the 2012-2013 academic year using satellite-based data...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212639/erectile-dysfunction-and-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution-in-a-nationally-representative-cohort-of-older-men
#13
Lindsay A Tallon, Justin Manjourides, Vivian C Pun, Murray A Mittleman, Marianthi-Anna Kioumourtzoglou, Brent Coull, Helen Suh
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between air pollution and erectile dysfunction (ED), a disorder occurring in 64% of men over the age of 70, and to date, no studies have been published. To address this significant knowledge gap, we explored the relationship between ED and air pollution in a group of older men who were part of the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP), a nationally representative cohort study of older Americans. METHODS: We obtained incident ED status and participant data for 412 men (age 57-85)...
February 17, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209408/household-air-pollution-from-various-types-of-rural-kitchens-and-its-exposure-assessment
#14
Maninder Kaur Sidhu, Khaiwal Ravindra, Suman Mor, Siby John
Exposure to household air pollutants has become a leading environmental health risk in developing countries. Considering this, real-time temporal variation in fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and carbon monoxide (CO) concentrations were measured in various types of rural household kitchens. Observed average concentrations of PM2.5, CO, percent relative humidity (%RH) and temperature (T) in five different kitchen types were 549.6μg/m(3), 4.2ppm, 70.2% and 20°C respectively. Highest CO and PM2.5 concentration were found in household performing cooking in indoor kitchens (CO: 9...
May 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208813/perceptions-of-improved-biomass-and-liquefied-petroleum-gas-stoves-in-puno-peru-implications-for-promoting-sustained-and-exclusive-adoption-of-clean-cooking-technologies
#15
Jacqueline Hollada, Kendra N Williams, Catherine H Miele, David Danz, Steven A Harvey, William Checkley
Many households in low- and middle-income countries cook with inefficient biomass-burning stoves, which cause high levels of household air pollution and threaten long-term health. Although clean stoves and fuels are available, uptake and consistent use has been low. Using observations and in-depth interviews, we assessed the attitudes, preferences, and beliefs about traditional versus liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) stoves in rural Puno, Peru. A total of 31 in-depth interviews were conducted with primary cooks and their families, health workers, community leaders, and improved stove contractors...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196720/village-energy-survey-reveals-missing-rural-raw-coal-in-northern-china-significance-in-science-and-policy
#16
Guorui Zhi, Yayun Zhang, Jianzhong Sun, Miaomiao Cheng, Hongyan Dang, Shijie Liu, Junchao Yang, Yuzhe Zhang, Zhigang Xue, Shuyuan Li, Fan Meng
Burning coal for winter heating has been considered a major contributor to northern China's winter haze, with the district heating boilers holding the balance. However a decade of intensive efforts on district heating boilers brought few improvements to northern China's winter air quality, arousing a speculation that the household heating stoves mainly in rural area rather than the district heating boilers mainly in urban area dominate coal emissions in winter. This implies an extreme underestimation of rural household coal consumption by the China Energy Statistical Yearbooks (CESYs), although direct evidence supporting this speculation is lacking...
April 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196630/preterm-birth-associated-with-maternal-fine-particulate-matter-exposure-a-global-regional-and-national-assessment
#17
Christopher S Malley, Johan C I Kuylenstierna, Harry W Vallack, Daven K Henze, Hannah Blencowe, Mike R Ashmore
Reduction of preterm births (<37 completed weeks of gestation) would substantially reduce neonatal and infant mortality, and deleterious health effects in survivors. Maternal fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure has been identified as a possible risk factor contributing to preterm birth. The aim of this study was to produce the first estimates of ambient PM2.5-associated preterm births for 183 individual countries and globally. To do this, national, population-weighted, annual average ambient PM2.5 concentration, preterm birth rate and number of livebirths were combined to calculate the number of PM2...
April 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125059/racial-differences-in-perceptions-of-air-pollution-health-risk-does-environmental-exposure-matter
#18
Jayajit Chakraborty, Timothy W Collins, Sara E Grineski, Alejandra Maldonado
This article extends environmental risk perception research by exploring how potential health risk from exposure to industrial and vehicular air pollutants, as well as other contextual and socio-demographic factors, influence racial/ethnic differences in air pollution health risk perception. Our study site is the Greater Houston metropolitan area, Texas, USA-a racially/ethnically diverse area facing high levels of exposure to pollutants from both industrial and transportation sources. We integrate primary household-level survey data with estimates of excess cancer risk from ambient exposure to industrial and on-road mobile source emissions of air toxics obtained from the U...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110016/spatial-characteristics-of-urinary-btex-concentrations-in-the-general-population
#19
Xanthi Tsangari, Xanthi D Andrianou, Agapios Agapiou, Pawel Mochalski, Konstantinos C Makris
Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, o-, m-, and p-xylenes (BTEX) are ubiquitous outdoor and indoor air pollutants associated with both environmental and health effects. The objective of this exploratory study was to determine the magnitude and variability of urinary BTEX levels among residents of two areas located in the same city (Nicosia, Cyprus). The two areas differed with respect to their proximity to an industrial cluster and an intercity-highway. First morning urine voids were collected during a random campaign from selected households in the two urban areas (n = 48)...
January 8, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081369/randomized-controlled-ethanol-cookstove-intervention-and-blood-pressure-in-pregnant-nigerian-women
#20
Donee Alexander, Amanda Northcross, Nathaniel Wilson, Anindita Dutta, Rishi Pandya, Tope Ibigbami, Damilola Adu, John Olamijulo, Oludare Morhason-Bello, Theodore Karrison, Oladosu Ojengbede, Christopher O Olopade
RATIONALE: Hypertension during pregnancy is a leading cause of maternal mortality. Exposure to household air pollution (HAP) elevates blood pressure (BP). OBJECTIVES: Investigate ability of clean cookstove intervention to lower BP during pregnancy. METHODS: A randomized, controlled trial (RCT) was conducted in Nigeria. Pregnant women cooking with kerosene or firewood were randomly assigned to ethanol (n = 162) or control arms (n = 162). BP measurements were taken during 6 antenatal visits...
January 12, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
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