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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907205/household-air-pollution-and-acute-lower-respiratory-infections-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#1
Hannah Jary, Hope Simpson, Deborah Havens, Geoffrey Manda, Daniel Pope, Nigel Bruce, Kevin Mortimer
INTRODUCTION: Household air pollution from solid fuel burning kills over 4 million people every year including half a million children from acute lower respiratory infections. Although biologically plausible, it is not clear whether household air pollution is also associated with acute lower respiratory infections in adults. We systematically reviewed the literature on household air pollution and acute lower respiratory infection in adults to identify knowledge gaps and research opportunities...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905971/trends-causes-and-risk-factors-of-mortality-among-children-under-5-in-ethiopia-1990-2013-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#2
Amare Deribew, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Kebede Deribe, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Yihunie Lakew, Azmeraw T Amare, Semaw F Abera, Mesoud Mohammed, Abiy Hiruye, Efrem Teklay, Awoke Misganaw, Nicholas Kassebaum
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has made remarkable progress in reducing child mortality over the last two decades. However, the under-5 mortality rate in Ethiopia is still higher than the under-5 mortality rates of several low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). On the other hand, the patterns and causes of child mortality have not been well investigated in Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to investigate the mortality trend, causes of death, and risk factors among children under 5 in Ethiopia during 1990-2013...
November 14, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900424/long-term-geochemical-evolution-of-lithogenic-versus-anthropogenic-distribution-of-macro-and-trace-elements-in-household-attic-dust
#3
Biljana Balabanova, Trajče Stafilov, Robert Šajn, Claudiu Tănăselia
Attic dusts were examined as historical archives of anthropogenic emissions, with the goal of elucidating the enrichment pathways associated with hydrothermal exploitation of Cu, Pb, and Zn minerals in the Bregalnica River basin in the eastern part of the Republic of Macedonia. Dust samples were collected from 84 settlements. Atomic emission spectrometry and mass spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma were applied as analytical techniques for the determination of 69 element contents. Multivariate analysis was applied for the extraction of dominant geochemical markers...
November 29, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891065/trends-causes-and-risk-factors-of-mortality-among-children-under-5-in-ethiopia-1990-2013-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#4
Amare Deribew, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Kebede Deribe, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Yihunie Lakew, Azmeraw T Amare, Semaw F Abera, Mesoud Mohammed, Abiy Hiruye, Efrem Teklay, Awoke Misganaw, Nicholas Kassebaum
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has made remarkable progress in reducing child mortality over the last two decades. However, the under-5 mortality rate in Ethiopia is still higher than the under-5 mortality rates of several low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). On the other hand, the patterns and causes of child mortality have not been well investigated in Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to investigate the mortality trend, causes of death, and risk factors among children under 5 in Ethiopia during 1990-2013...
2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886791/environmental-exposures-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-challenge-for-health-and-development-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#5
REVIEW
Melissa S Burroughs Peña, Allman Rollins
Environmental exposures in low- and middle-income countries lie at the intersection of increased economic development and the rising public health burden of cardiovascular disease. Increasing evidence suggests an association of exposure to ambient air pollution, household air pollution from biomass fuel, lead, arsenic, and cadmium with multiple cardiovascular disease outcomes, including hypertension, coronary heart disease, stroke, and cardiovascular mortality. Although populations in low- and middle-income countries are disproportionately exposed to environmental pollution, evidence linking these exposures to cardiovascular disease is derived from populations in high-income countries...
February 2017: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853506/household-air-pollution-and-its-effects-on-health
#6
REVIEW
Komalkirti Apte, Sundeep Salvi
Household air pollution is a leading cause of disability-adjusted life years in Southeast Asia and the third leading cause of disability-adjusted life years globally. There are at least sixty sources of household air pollution, and these vary from country to country. Indoor tobacco smoking, construction material used in building houses, fuel used for cooking, heating and lighting, use of incense and various forms of mosquito repellents, use of pesticides and chemicals used for cleaning at home, and use of artificial fragrances are some of the various sources that contribute to household air pollution...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846224/effectiveness-of-six-improved-cookstoves-in-reducing-household-air-pollution-and-their-acceptability-in-rural-western-kenya
#7
Tamara Pilishvili, Jennifer D Loo, Stephanie Schrag, Debbi Stanistreet, Bryan Christensen, Fuyuen Yip, Ronald Nyagol, Robert Quick, Mike Sage, Nigel Bruce
BACKGROUND: Household air pollution (HAP) from biomass fuel burning is linked to poor health outcomes. Improved biomass cookstoves (ICS) have the potential to improve HAP. OBJECTIVES: A pre-/post- intervention study assessed the impact of six ICS on indoor air quality and acceptability of ICS to local users in rural Western Kenya. METHODS: We measured mean personal and kitchen level concentrations of particulate matter <2.5μm in diameter (PM2...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842959/indoor-secondary-organic-aerosols-formation-from-ozonolysis-of-monoterpene-an-example-of-d-limonene-with-ammonia-and-potential-impacts-on-pulmonary-inflammations
#8
Xinyi Niu, Steven Sai Hang Ho, Kin Fai Ho, Yu Huang, Junji Cao, Zhenxing Shen, Jian Sun, Xiumei Wang, Yu Wang, Shuncheng Lee, Rujin Huang
Monoterpene is one class of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) which widely presents in household cleaning products and air fresheners. It plays reactive role in secondary organic aerosols (SOAs) formation with ozone (O3) in indoor environments. Such ozonolysis can be influenced by the presence of gaseous pollutants such as ammonia (NH3). This study focuses on investigations of ozone-initiated formation of indoor SOAs with d-limonene, one of the most abundant indoor monoterpenes, in a large environmental chamber...
November 11, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800583/biomass-cooking-fuels-and-health-outcomes-for-women-in-malawi
#9
Ipsita Das, Pamela Jagger, Karin Yeatts
In sub-Saharan Africa, biomass fuels account for approximately 90% of household energy consumption. Limited evidence exists on the association between different biomass fuels and health outcomes. We report results from a cross-sectional sample of 655 households in Malawi. We calculated odds ratios between hypothesized determinants of household air pollution (HAP) exposure (fuel, stove type, and cooking location) and five categories of health outcomes (cardiopulmonary, respiratory, neurologic, eye health, and burns)...
October 31, 2016: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798320/effects-of-hookah-smoking-on-indoor-air-quality-in-homes
#10
Michael Weitzman, Afzal Hussein Yusufali, Fatma Bali, M J Ruzmyn Vilcassim, Shashank Gandhi, Richard Peltier, Arthur Nadas, Scott Sherman, Lily Lee, Zhang Hong, Jenni Shearston, Su Hyun Park, Terry Gordon
INTRODUCTION: Hookahs (water pipes) are rapidly increasing in popularity worldwide. Evidence suggests that although perceived as safer than cigarette smoke, hookah smoke may be as, or even more, dangerous as cigarette smoke. METHODS: Air samples from 33 homes-11 where only hookah-smoking occurred, 12 with only cigarettes and 10 with no smoking-were collected to analyse concentrations of particulate matter (PM2.5), black carbon, elemental and organic carbon and carbon monoxide (CO)...
October 26, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792953/impacts-of-household-coal-and-biomass-combustion-on-indoor-and-ambient-air-quality-in-china-current-status-and-implication
#11
Qing Li, Jingkun Jiang, Shuxiao Wang, Krassi Rumchev, Ryan Mead-Hunter, Lidia Morawska, Jiming Hao
This review briefly introduces current status of indoor and ambient air pollution originating from household coal and biomass combustion in mainland China. Owing to low combustion efficiency, emissions of CO, PM2.5, black carbon (BC), and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons have significant adverse consequences for indoor and ambient air qualities, resulting in relative contributions of more than one-third in all anthropogenic emissions. Their contributions are higher in less economically developed regions, such as Guizhou (61% PM2...
October 25, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785914/biogas-stoves-reduce-firewood-use-household-air-pollution-and-hospital-visits-in-odisha-india
#12
Jessica Jaslow Lewis, John W Hollingsworth, Ryan T Chartier, Ellen M Cooper, William Michael Foster, Genna L Gomes, Peter S Kussin, John J MacInnis, Bijaya Kumar Padhi, Pinaki Panigrahi, Charles E Rodes, Ian T Ryde, Ashok K Singha, Heather M Stapleton, Jonathan Thornburg, Cora J Young, Joel Meyer, Subhrendu K Pattanayak
Traditional cooking using biomass is associated with ill health, local environmental degradation, and regional climate change. Clean stoves (liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), biogas, electric) are heralded as a solution, but few studies have demonstrated their environmental health benefits cial impacts in field settings on environmental health endpoints. We analyzed the impact of mainly biogas (as well as electric and LPG) stove use on social, environmental, and health outcomes in two districts in Odisha, India, where the Indian government has promoted household subsidized biogas plant construction...
October 27, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769774/exposure-and-health-impact-evaluation-based-on-simultaneous-measurement-of-indoor-and-ambient-pm2-5-in-haidian-beijing
#13
Meng Qi, Xi Zhu, Wei Du, Yilin Chen, Yuanchen Chen, Tianbo Huang, Xuelian Pan, Qirui Zhong, Xu Sun, Eddy Y Zeng, Baoshan Xing, Shu Tao
Because people spend most of their time indoors, the characterization of indoor air quality is important for exposure assessment. Unfortunately, indoor air data are scarce, leading to a major data gap in risk assessment. In this study, PM2.5 concentrations in both indoor and outdoor air were simultaneously measured using on-line particulate counters in 13 households in Haidian, Beijing for both heating and non-heating seasons. A bimodal distribution of PM2.5 concentrations suggests rapid transitions between polluted and non-polluted situations...
January 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761356/cycling-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-1997-2012-correlates-time-trends-and-health-consequences
#14
Thiago Hérick Sá, Ana Clara Duran, Marko Tainio, Carlos Augusto Monteiro, James Woodcock
The purpose of the study was to describe cyclists and cycling trips, and to explore correlates, time trends and health consequences of cycling in São Paulo, Brazil from 1997 to 2012. Cross-sectional analysis using repeated São Paulo Household Travel Surveys (HTS). At all time periods cycling was a minority travel mode in São Paulo (1174 people with cycling trips out of 214,719 people). Poisson regressions for individual correlates were estimated using the entire 2012 HTS sample. Men were six times more likely to cycle than women...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756263/type-and-extent-of-trans-disciplinary-co-operation-to-improve-food-security-health-and-household-environment-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-systematic-review
#15
Santosh Gaihre, Janet Kyle, Sean Semple, Jo Smith, Madhu Subedi, Debbi Marais
BACKGROUND: Although linkages have been found between agricultural interventions and nutritional health, and the development of clean fuels and improved solid fuel stoves in reducing household air pollution and adverse health effects, the extent of the potential of combined household interventions to improve health, nutrition and the environment has not been investigated. A systematic review was conducted to identify the extent and type of community-based agricultural and household interventions aimed at improving food security, health and the household environment in low and middle income countries...
October 18, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751401/impact-of-air-pollution-on-the-burden-of-chronic-respiratory-diseases-in-china-time-for-urgent-action
#16
REVIEW
Wei-Jie Guan, Xue-Yan Zheng, Kian Fan Chung, Nan-Shan Zhong
In China, where air pollution has become a major threat to public health, public awareness of the detrimental effects of air pollution on respiratory health is increasing-particularly in relation to haze days. Air pollutant emission levels in China remain substantially higher than are those in developed countries. Moreover, industry, traffic, and household biomass combustion have become major sources of air pollutant emissions, with substantial spatial and temporal variations. In this Review, we focus on the major constituents of air pollutants and their impacts on chronic respiratory diseases...
October 15, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733284/global-regional-and-national-comparative-risk-assessment-of-79-behavioural-environmental-and-occupational-and-metabolic-risks-or-clusters-of-risks-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 provides an up-to-date synthesis of the evidence for risk factor exposure and the attributable burden of disease. By providing national and subnational assessments spanning the past 25 years, this study can inform debates on the importance of addressing risks in context. METHODS: We used the comparative risk assessment framework developed for previous iterations of the Global Burden of Disease Study to estimate attributable deaths, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), and trends in exposure by age group, sex, year, and geography for 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks from 1990 to 2015...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725055/childhood-pneumonia-and-crowding-bed-sharing-and-nutrition-a-case-control-study-from-the-gambia
#18
S R C Howie, J Schellenberg, O Chimah, R C Ideh, B E Ebruke, C Oluwalana, G Mackenzie, M Jallow, M Njie, S Donkor, K L Dionisio, G Goldberg, K Fornace, C Bottomley, P C Hill, C C Grant, T Corrah, A M Prentice, M Ezzati, B M Greenwood, P G Smith, R A Adegbola, K Mulholland
SETTING: Greater Banjul and Upper River Regions, The Gambia. OBJECTIVE: To investigate tractable social, environmental and nutritional risk factors for childhood pneumonia. DESIGN: A case-control study examining the association of crowding, household air pollution (HAP) and nutritional factors with pneumonia was undertaken in children aged 2-59 months: 458 children with severe pneumonia, defined according to the modified WHO criteria, were compared with 322 children with non-severe pneumonia, and these groups were compared to 801 neighbourhood controls...
October 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713109/population-level-exposure-to-particulate-air-pollution-during-active-travel-planning-for-low-exposure-health-promoting-cities
#19
Steve Hankey, Greg Lindsey, Julian D Marshall
BACKGROUND: Providing infrastructure and land uses to encourage active travel (i.e., bicycling and walking) are promising strategies for designing health-promoting cities. Population-level exposure to air pollution during active travel is understudied. OBJECTIVES: To (1) investigate population-level patterns in exposure during active travel, based on spatial estimates of bicycle traffic, pedestrian traffic, and particulate concentrations; and, (2) assess how those exposure patterns are associated with the built environment...
October 7, 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707597/patterns-of-domestic-exposure-to-carbon-monoxide-and-particulate-matter-in-households-using-biomass-fuel-in-janakpur-nepal
#20
S E Bartington, I Bakolis, D Devakumar, O P Kurmi, J Gulliver, G Chaube, D S Manandhar, N M Saville, A Costello, D Osrin, A L Hansell, J G Ayres
Household Air Pollution (HAP) from biomass cooking fuels is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in low-income settings worldwide. In Nepal the use of open stoves with solid biomass fuels is the primary method of domestic cooking. To assess patterns of domestic air pollution we performed continuous measurement of carbon monoxide (CO) and particulate Matter (PM2.5) in 12 biomass fuel households in Janakpur, Nepal. We measured kitchen PM2.5 and CO concentrations at one-minute intervals for an approximately 48-h period using the TSI DustTrak II 8530/SidePak AM510 (TSI Inc, St...
January 2017: Environmental Pollution
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