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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433687/effects-of-a-fixed-herbal-drug-combination-ze-185-to-an-experimental-acute-stress-setting-in-healthy-men-an-explorative-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-study
#1
Sibylle Meier, Manuel Haschke, Catherine Zahner, Esther Kruttschnitt, Jürgen Drewe, Evangelia Liakoni, Felix Hammann, Jens Gaab
BACKGROUND: Considering the negative effects of stress on health, there is a growing interest in stress-reducing interventions. The present study examines the effects of a fixed combination of valerian, passion flower, lemon balm, and butterbur extracts (Ze 185) on biological and affective responses to a standardized psychosocial stress paradigm. PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of Ze 185 on cortisol and anxiety stress responses to acute psychosocial stress in healthy subjects...
January 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412929/suitability-of-lemon-balm-melissa-officinalis-l-extract-rich-in-rosmarinic-acid-as-a-potential-enhancer-of-functional-properties-in-cupcakes
#2
Cristina Caleja, Lillian Barros, João C M Barreira, Ana Ciric, Marina Sokovic, Ricardo C Calhelha, M Beatriz, P P Oliveira, Isabel C F R Ferreira
Melissa officinalis (lemon balm) and its extracts have been frequently reported as possessing bioactive properties, offering the potential for use in development/enrichment of food products with additional functional capabilities, providing health benefits to consumers. The antioxidant, antibacterial and antifungal activity of lemon balm extract, as well as its potential hepatotoxicity were thoroughly evaluated. The extracts were then incorporated into cupcakes and their preserving effect, chemical composition, colour parameters and antioxidant activity were compared with those provided by potassium sorbate...
June 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403626/a-review-of-effective-herbal-medicines-in-controlling-menopausal-symptoms
#3
REVIEW
Rahele Kargozar, Hoda Azizi, Roshanak Salari
Background: Acute menopausal syndrome especially hot flashes, is one of the most common gynecological problems during menopause. Due to the side effects of hormone therapy, herbal and complementary medicines are always of immense interest to people in the treatment and management of the symptoms and complications of menopause. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms and effects of medicinal plants employed in the treatment of menopausal symptoms...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385035/biodiversity-within-melissa-officinalis-variability-of-bioactive-compounds-in-a-cultivated-collection
#4
Remigius Chizzola, Ulrike Lohwasser, Chlodwig Franz
Phytochemical characters were evaluated in a five-year-old lemon balm collection consisting of 15 and 13 subspecies officinalis and altissima accessions, respectively. Stems were lower in essential oil than leaves. First cut leaves (June) gave more oil than those of the second cut (August). Subspecies officinalis plants had leaf oils rich in geranial, neral and citronellal in various proportions in the first cut. However, in the second cut the oils from all accessions appeared very similar with 80-90% geranial plus neral...
January 31, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384719/where-there-s-wildfire-there-s-smoke
#5
John R Balmes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373800/household-air-pollution-and-copd-a-riddle-wrapped-in-a-mystery-inside-an-enigma
#6
John R Balmes, Ellen A Eisen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 26, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355549/air-pollution-exposure-is-associated-with-lower-lung-function-but-not-changes-in-lung-function-in-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#7
Kerri A Johannson, Eric Vittinghoff, Julie Morisset, Paul J Wolters, Elizabeth M Noth, John R Balmes, Harold R Collard
BACKGROUND: Air pollution exposure is associated with acute exacerbation, disease progression, and mortality in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The objective of this study was to describe the impact of air pollution exposures on disease severity, as well as changes in lung function, in patients with IPF. METHODS: Using home spirometers and symptom diaries, 25 patients with IPF prospectively recorded FVC weekly for up to 40 weeks. Residential addresses were geocoded to estimate weekly mean air pollution exposures for ground-level ozone (O 3 ), nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ), and particulate matter < 2...
February 6, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317916/exposure-to-no2-co-and-pm2-5-is-linked-to-regional-dna-methylation-differences-in-asthma
#8
Mary Prunicki, Laurel Stell, Deendayal Dinakarpandian, Mariangels de Planell-Saguer, Richard W Lucas, S Katharine Hammond, John R Balmes, Xiaoying Zhou, Tara Paglino, Chiara Sabatti, Rachel L Miller, Kari C Nadeau
Background: DNA methylation of CpG sites on genetic loci has been linked to increased risk of asthma in children exposed to elevated ambient air pollutants (AAPs). Further identification of specific CpG sites and the pollutants that are associated with methylation of these CpG sites in immune cells could impact our understanding of asthma pathophysiology. In this study, we sought to identify some CpG sites in specific genes that could be associated with asthma regulation (Foxp3 and IL10) and to identify the different AAPs for which exposure prior to the blood draw is linked to methylation levels at these sites...
2018: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305990/effect-of-yeast-xanthophyllomyces-dendrorhous-and-plant-saint-john-s-wort-lemon-balm-and-rosemary-extract-based-functional-diets-on-antioxidant-and-immune-status-of-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-subjected-to-crowding-stress
#9
Sebastián Reyes-Cerpa, Eva Vallejos-Vidal, María José Gonzalez-Bown, Jonathan Morales-Reyes, Diego Pérez-Stuardo, Deborah Vargas, Mónica Imarai, Víctor Cifuentes, Eugenio Spencer, Ana María Sandino, Felipe E Reyes-López
Salmon farming may face stress due to the intensive culture conditions with negative impacts on overall performance. In this aspect, functional feed improves not only the basic nutritional requirements but also the health status and fish growth. However, to date no studies have been carried out to evaluate the effect of functional diets in salmon subjected to crowding stress. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of yeast (Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous; diet A) and the combination of plant extracts (common Saint John's wort, lemon balm, and rosemary; diet B) on the antioxidant and immune status of Atlantic salmon grown under normal cultured conditions and then subjected to crowding stress...
January 3, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301918/ers-ats-workshop-report-on-respiratory-health-effects-of-household-air-pollution
#10
Akshay Sood, Nour A Assad, Peter J Barnes, Andrew Churg, Stephen B Gordon, Kevin S Harrod, Hammad Irshad, Om P Kurmi, William J Martin, Paula Meek, Kevin Mortimer, Curtis W Noonan, Rogelio Perez-Padilla, Kirk R Smith, Yohannes Tesfaigzi, Tony Ward, John Balmes
Exposure to household air pollution (HAP) from solid fuel combustion affects almost half of the world population. Adverse respiratory outcomes such as respiratory infections, impaired lung growth and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have been linked to HAP exposure. Solid fuel smoke is a heterogeneous mixture of various gases and particulates. Cell culture and animal studies with controlled exposure conditions and genetic homogeneity provide important insights into HAP mechanisms. Impaired bacterial phagocytosis in exposed human alveolar macrophages possibly mediates several HAP-related health effects...
January 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278504/porous-gelatin-membrane-obtained-from-pickering-emulsions-stabilized-by-graphene-oxide
#11
Sakthivel Nagarajan, Dominique Abessolo Ondo, Sana Gassara, Mikhael Bechelany, Sebastien Balme, Philippe Miele, Narayana S Kalkura, Celine Pochat-Bohatier
This paper presents a novel procedure to prepare porous membranes from water-soluble polymers involving the formation of Pickering emulsion. Gelatin is a biodegradable biopolymer obtained by the partial hydrolysis of collagen. Biopolymer such as gelatin is capable to adsorb at oil/water interface and results to decrease interfacial energy. Hence, gelatin is widely employed as an alternate for synthetic surfactants to stabilize emulsions in food industry. However, high molecular weight gelatin leads to large emulsion droplets and poor emulsion stability...
December 26, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277436/-the-key-role-of-the-pathologist-in-the-diagnosis-of-syphilis-a-case-report
#12
Cécile Picard, Juliette Fontaine, Brigitte Chouvet, Brigitte Balme, Alexandra Traverse-Glehen
Syphilis is a resurging sexually transmitted infection linked to Treponema Pallidum. Syphilitic lymphadenitis can be present during the 3 stages of the disease. Its histological diagnosis remains challenging for the pathologist given its possible misleading aspect and its ability to mimic as well as reactional as tumoral conditions. We report the case of an HIV-infected young patient referred for suspicion of an aggressive lymphoma. Histological and immunohistochemical analysis of cervical lymphadenopathy revealed secondary syphilis...
December 22, 2017: Annales de Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276548/comparative-study-with-a-lip-balm-containing-0-5-propolis-special-extract-gh-2002-versus-5-aciclovir-cream-in-patients-with-herpes-labialis-in-the-papular-erythematous-stage-a-single-blind-randomized-two-arm-study
#13
Petr Arenberger, Monika Arenbergerova, Marie Hladíková, Simona Holcova, Bertram Ottillinger
Background and objectives: This controlled single-blind trial compared the efficacy of a lip balm with propolis special extract GH 2002 at a concentration of 0.5% in the treatment of episodes of herpes labialis with that of 5% aciclovir cream. Methods: Patients in the erythematous/papular stage were randomized: 189 patients were treated with propolis cream, 190 patients were treated with aciclovir cream (intention-to-treat population). Application was 5 times daily...
2018: Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258916/potential-of-selected-lamiaceae-plants-in-anti-retro-viral-therapy
#14
REVIEW
Maja Bekut, Snežana Brkić, Nebojša Kladar, Gordana Dragović, Neda Gavarić, Biljana Božin
Constant search for new drugs with antiviral properties often extends to products of natural origin. Lamiaceae is one of the most important herbal families, well known for various biological and medicinal effects of a variety of aromatic spices, including thyme, mint, oregano, basil, sage, savory, rosemary, self-heal, hyssop, lemon balm and many others. The paper provides a review of antiviral potential of previously mentioned plants which has been demonstrated so far, with special emphasis on anti-HIV properties...
December 16, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240018/allergic-reaction-caused-by-a-lip-balm-flavored-facemask-used-during-inhalational-induction-a-case-report
#15
Youngok J Park, Priti G Dalal, Monique Mostert, Tracy Fausnight
Flavoring a facemask with a lip balm for inhalational induction in children is a common practice. However, most anesthesia providers are unaware of potential complications and the management of allergic reactions caused by lip balm. We describe the occurrence of allergic reaction to lip balm-flavored facemask in a child who underwent an inhalational anesthetic induction. The facial rash resolved completely without complications after administration of an antihistamine and steroid.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4...
December 11, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232153/respiratory-responses-to-ozone-exposure-the-multicenter-ozone-study-in-older-subjects-moses
#16
Mehrdad Arjomandi, John R Balmes, Mark W Frampton, Philip Bromberg, Paul Stark, Neil E Alexis, David Q Rich, Maria Costantini, Danielle Hollenbeck-Pringle, Nicholas Dagincourt, Milan J Hazucha
RATIONALE: Acute respiratory effects of low-level ozone exposure are not well defined in older adults. OBJECTIVE: The Multicenter Ozone Study in oldEr Subjects (MOSES), although primarily focused on acute cardiovascular effects, provided an opportunity to assess respiratory responses to low concentrations of ozone in older healthy adults. METHODS: We performed a randomized crossover, controlled exposure study of 87 healthy adults (59.9±4...
December 12, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217081/-zosteriform-cutaneous-metastasis-in-melanoma
#17
V Carlioz, C Faivre, B Balme, H Joosten, T Pradier, F Skowron
INTRODUCTION: Cutaneous metastases are common in patients with malignant melanoma. In rare cases, they are distributed on a dermatome, in which case they are known as zosteriform metastases. OBSERVATION: We report the case of a patient with zosteriform metastasis of a malignant melanoma, progressing unfavourably despite surgical excision and immunotherapy. DISCUSSION: The physiopathology of this condition continues to be poorly understood...
December 4, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211364/insights-into-novel-anticancer-applications-for-apigenin
#18
REVIEW
Adam Kowalczyk, Agnieszka Bodalska, Marta Miranowicz, Katarzyna Karłowicz-Bodalska
Flavonoids, naturally occuring derivatives of 2-phenyl-benzo-γ-pyrone, are widespread in plants as coloring substances. Apigenin (4',5,7,-trihydroxyflavone (5,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one), molecular formula C₁₅H₁₀O⁵, is a flavonoid present in many fruits and vegetables, primarily in citrus fruits, apples, parsley and celery leaves. It is also found in some medicinal plants, including chamomile flowers, thyme, oregano, peppermint, lemon balm and yarrow, as a 7-O-glycoside with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity...
October 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198857/probabilistic-exposure-assessment-to-face-and-oral-care-cosmetic-products-by-the-french-population
#19
Bernard A, Dornic N, Roudot Ac, Ficheux As
Cosmetic exposure data for face and mouth are limited in Europe. The aim of the study was to assess the exposure to face cosmetics using recent French consumption data (Ficheux et al., 2016b, 2015). Exposure was assessed using a probabilistic method for thirty one face products from four lines of products: cleanser, care, make-up and make-up remover products and two oral care products. Probabilistic exposure was assessed for different subpopulation according to sex and age in adults and children. Pregnant women were also studied...
November 30, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168225/gaba-modulating-phytomedicines-for-anxiety-a-systematic-review-of-preclinical-and-clinical-evidence
#20
REVIEW
Karen Savage, Joseph Firth, Con Stough, Jerome Sarris
Anxiety disorders are chronic and functionally disabling conditions with high psychological stress, characterised by cognitive symptoms of excessive worry and focus difficulties and physiological symptoms such as muscle tension and insomnia. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is an inhibitory neurotransmitter within the central nervous system and is a key target of pharmacotherapies in the treatment of anxiety. Although current pharmaceutical treatments are often efficacious, they may cause undesirable side effects including cognitive decrements and withdrawal symptoms...
November 23, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
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