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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685678/prophylactic-mesh-reinforcement-versus-sutured-closure-to-prevent-incisional-hernias-after-open-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-via-midline-laparotomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Reza Indrakusuma, Hamid Jalalzadeh, Jessica E van der Meij, Ron Balm, Mark J W Koelemay
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Incisional hernia is a frequent late complication after open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. We aimed to determine whether prophylactic mesh reinforcement of the abdominal wall at open AAA repair via midline laparotomy reduces the rate of incisional hernia compared to standard sutured closure. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was carried out in accordance with the PRISMA statement (PROSPERO registration CRD42017072508)...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677666/use-of-cleaner-burning-biomass-stoves-and-airway-macrophage-black-carbon-in-malawian-women
#2
Abigail L Whitehouse, Lisa Miyashita, Norrice M Liu, Maia Lesosky, Graham Flitz, Chifundo Ndamala, John R Balmes, Stephen B Gordon, Kevin Mortimer, Jonathan Grigg
Exposure to particulate matter (PM) from burning of biomass for cooking is associated with adverse health effects. It is unknown whether or not cleaner burning biomass-fuelled cookstoves reduce the amount of PM inhaled by women compared with traditional open fires. We sought to assess whether airway macrophage black carbon (AMBC) - a marker of inhaled dose of carbonaceous PM from biomass and fossil fuel combustion - is lower in Malawian women using a cleaner burning biomass-fuelled cookstove compared with those using open fires for cooking...
April 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676643/climate-change-and-implications-for-prevention-california-s-efforts-to-provide-leadership
#3
John R Balmes
The atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) and the temperature of the earth's surface have been rising in parallel for decades, with the former recently reaching 400 parts per million, consistent with a 1.5°C increase in global warming. Climate change models predict that a "business as usual" approach, that is, no effort to control CO2 emissions from combustion of fossil fuels, will result in a more than 2°C increase in annual average surface temperature by approximately 2034. With atmospheric warming comes increased air pollution...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663154/ambient-air-pollution-and-asthma-related-outcomes-in-children-of-color-of-the-usa-a-scoping-review-of-literature-published-between-2013-and-2017
#4
REVIEW
Anthony Nardone, Andreas M Neophytou, John Balmes, Neeta Thakur
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Given racial disparities in ambient air pollution (AAP) exposure and asthma risk, this review offers an overview of the literature investigating the ambient air pollution-asthma relationship in children of color between 2013 and 2017. RECENT FINDINGS: AAP is likely a key contributor to the excess burden of asthma in children of color due to pervasive exposure before birth, at home, and in school. Recent findings suggest that psychosocial stressors may modify the relationship between AAP and asthma...
April 16, 2018: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658873/a-prototype-lip-balm-summary-of-three-dermatological-studies-demonstrating-safety-and-acceptability-for-sensitive-skin
#5
Stephanie Nisbet
Data were generated from three studies to assess the tolerability and acceptability of a prototype cosmetic lip balm. Dermatological assessments of topical compatibility (primary and cumulative irritability and sensitization), photoirritant and topical photosensitizer potential, and acceptability for safe use of a prototype cosmetic lip balm on sensitive skin are summarized. In Study 1, the product was applied to the volunteers' backs under a semiocclusive patch followed by patch removal/reapplication over 6 weeks to assess the irritant and allergic potential of the product...
January 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598994/allergic-contact-dermatitis-due-to-methyl-glucose-dioleate-in-a-balm-cream
#6
T Sanz-Sánchez, R M Díaz-Díaz, C Garrido Gutiérrez, V Leis Dosil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 26, 2018: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551370/treating-isotretinoin-associated-cheilitis-with-hydrocortisone-containing-lip-balm
#7
Brett C Neill, Christopher D Willis, John A Neill, Cody Hanson, Anand Rajpara, Daniel J Aires
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547870/going-through-the-wine-fining-intimate-dialogue-between-organics-and-clays
#8
Pollyana Trigueiro, Silvia Pedetti, Baptiste Rigaud, Sebastien Balme, Jean-Marc Janot, Ieda M G Dos Santos, Régis Gougeon, Maria G Fonseca, Thomas Georgelin, Maguy Jaber
Wine chemistry inspires and challenges with its complexity and intriguing composition. In this context, the composites based on the use of a model protein, a polyphenol of interest and montmorillonite in a model hydroalcoholic solution have been studied. A set of experimental characterization techniques highlighted the interactions between the organic and the inorganic parts in the composite. The amount of the organic part was determined by ultraviolet-visible (UV-VIS) and thermal analysis. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electronic microscopy (TEM) informed about the stacking/exfoliation of the layers in the composites...
March 6, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540983/novel-approach-to-the-development-of-functional-goat-s-milk-based-beverages-using-medicinal-plant-extracts-in-combination-with-high-intensity-ultrasound-treatment
#9
Draženka Komes, Arijana Bušić, Ana Belščak-Cvitanović, Mladen Brnčić, Tomislav Bosiljkov, Aleksandra Vojvodić, Filip Dujmić
Regardless of its highly valuable nutritive composition, goat's milk is less preferred by consumers due to its specific sensory characteristics that are very often regarded as undesirable. On the other hand, traditional medicinal plants from Lamiaceae family, due to their rich bioactive composition, especially polyphenols, and desirable aroma profile, can be used to enhance and improve bioactive and sensory properties of food. In the present study nutritively valuable beverages were produced by enrichment of goat's milk with medicinal plant extracts derived from the Lamiaceae family and stabilized by homogenization with high intensity ultrasound treatment...
December 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530608/frankincense-and-myrrh-essential-oils-and-burn-incense-fume-against-micro-inhabitants-of-sacral-ambients-wisdom-of-the-ancients
#10
Milica Ljaljević Grbić, Nikola Unković, Ivica Dimkić, Peđa Janaćković, Milan Gavrilović, Olja Stanojević, Miloš Stupar, Ljubodrag Vujisić, Aleksa Jelikić, Slaviša Stanković, Jelena Vukojević
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Essential oils obtained from resins of Boswellia carteri Birdw. and Commiphora myrrha (Nees) Engl., commonly known as frankincense and true myrrh respectively, have been used extensively since 2800 BCE for the treatment of skin sores, wounds, teeth, inflammation, and urinary tract diseases in traditional medicine; for preparation of mummification balms and unguents; and also as incense and perfumes. Since ancient times, burning of frankincense and myrrh in places of worship for spiritual purposes and contemplation (a ubiquitous practice across various religions) had hygienic functions, to refine the smell and reduce contagion by purifying the indoor air...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507368/efficient-detection-of-zika-virus-rna-in-patients-blood-from-the-2016-outbreak-in-campinas-brazil
#11
Carla Cristina Judice, Jeslin J L Tan, Pierina Lorencini Parise, Yiu-Wing Kam, Guilherme Paier Milanez, Juliana Almeida Leite, Leonardo Cardia Caserta, Clarice Weis Arns, Mariangela Ribeiro Resende, Rodrigo Angerami, Eliana Amaral, Renato Passini Junior, André Ricardo Ribas Freitas, Fabio Trindade Maranhão Costa, Jose Luiz Proenca-Modena, Lisa F P Ng
Infection with Zika virus (ZIKV), a mosquito-borne flavivirus has been casually linked with increased congenital microcephaly in Brazil from 2015 through 2016. Sensitive and specific diagnosis of patients with Zika fever (ZIKF) remains critical for patient management. We developed a ZIKV NS5 qRT-PCR assay by combining primers described by Balm et al. and a new Taqman probe. The assay was evaluated and compared with another assay described by Lanciotti et al. (ZIKV 1107) using 51 blood and 42 urine samples from 54 suspected ZIKV patients...
March 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492967/the-solace-of-an-uncertain-future-acute-illness-the-self-and-self-care
#12
Kaethe Weingarten, Miranda Worthen
"Take care of yourself" may be one of the most ubiquitous phrases spoken to people who are ill or to their caretakers. Yet few people who offer it as a balm consider what the self experience is of the person to whom the injunction is offered. We unravel some of the paradoxes inherent in the phrase, illustrating complexities that arise in the context of a life-threatening diagnosis. To illustrate the relational nature of the self, we analyze a partial transcript of an interview conducted in 1988 with the authors-a family therapist mother who had recently undergone surgery for breast cancer and her then 9-year-old daughter...
March 1, 2018: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482188/residential-proximity-to-agricultural-fumigant-use-and-respiratory-health-in-7-year-old-children
#13
Robert B Gunier, Rachel Raanan, Rosemary Castorina, Nina T Holland, Kim G Harley, John R Balmes, Laura Fouquette, Brenda Eskenazi, Asa Bradman
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between residential proximity to agricultural fumigant use and respiratory symptoms and lung function in 7-year old children. METHODS: Participants were 294 children living in the agricultural Salinas Valley, California and enrolled in the Center for the Health Assessment of Mothers and Children Of Salinas (CHAMACOS) study. We obtained information on respiratory symptoms and asthma medication use from maternal questionnaires and children performed spirometry to determine the forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1 ), forced vital capacity (FVC), and forced expiratory flow 25-75% (FEF25-75 ) at 7-years of age...
February 23, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466681/cookstove-trials-and-tribulations-what-is-needed-to-decrease-the-burden-of-household-air-pollution
#14
Kevin Mortimer, John R Balmes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466014/impact-of-polyelectrolyte-multilayers-on-the-ionic-current-rectification-of-conical-nanopores
#15
Tianji Ma, Paulius Gaigalas, Mathilde Lepoitevin, Ieva Plikusiene, Mikhael Bechelany, Jean-Marc Janot, Emmanuel Balanzat, Sebastien Balme
We were interested by the influence on ionic diode properties of conical nanopore functionalized with weak polyelectrolyte layer-by-layer. We have considered with different couples of polyelectrolytes: poly-L-lysine/Poly(acrylic acid) and poly(ethyleneimine)Poly(acrylic acid) as well as the influence of cross linking. The results show that the nanopore decorated with poly(ethyleneimine)/Poly(acrylic acid) exhibit an interesting behavior. Indeed, at pH 3 the nanopore is open only at low salt concentration while at pH 7 it is already open...
February 21, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465554/case-report-purulent-transformation-of-granulocytic-sarcoma-an-unusual-pattern-of-differentiation-in-acute-promyelocytic-leukemia
#16
Elodie Collinge, Isabelle Tigaud, Brigitte Balme, Luc-Marie Gerland, Pierre Sujobert, Violette Carlioz, Gilles Salles, Xavier Thomas, Etienne Paubelle
RATIONALE: Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a curable subtype of acute myeloid leukemia. APL is currently treated with combination of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and arsenic trioxide (ATO) resulting in the induction of apoptosis and differentiation of the leukemic cells. Differentiation syndrome (so-called ATRA syndrome) is the main life-threatening complication of induction therapy with these differentiating agents. PATIENT CONCERNS: Herein, we report the case of a 49-year-old woman diagnosed with APL with, concomitantly, a bulky cutaneous lesion of 10 cm diameter with a red-to-purple background and a necrotic center, localized on her abdomen...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433687/effects-of-a-fixed-herbal-drug-combination-ze-185-to-an-experimental-acute-stress-setting-in-healthy-men-an-explorative-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-study
#17
Sibylle Meier, Manuel Haschke, Catherine Zahner, Esther Kruttschnitt, Jürgen Drewe, Evangelia Liakoni, Felix Hammann, Jens Gaab
BACKGROUND: Considering the negative effects of stress on health, there is a growing interest in stress-reducing interventions. The present study examines the effects of a fixed combination of valerian, passion flower, lemon balm, and butterbur extracts (Ze 185) on biological and affective responses to a standardized psychosocial stress paradigm. PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of Ze 185 on cortisol and anxiety stress responses to acute psychosocial stress in healthy subjects...
January 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412929/suitability-of-lemon-balm-melissa-officinalis-l-extract-rich-in-rosmarinic-acid-as-a-potential-enhancer-of-functional-properties-in-cupcakes
#18
Cristina Caleja, Lillian Barros, João C M Barreira, Ana Ciric, Marina Sokovic, Ricardo C Calhelha, M Beatriz, P P Oliveira, Isabel C F R Ferreira
Melissa officinalis (lemon balm) and its extracts have been frequently reported as possessing bioactive properties, offering the potential for use in development/enrichment of food products with additional functional capabilities, providing health benefits to consumers. The antioxidant, antibacterial and antifungal activity of lemon balm extract, as well as its potential hepatotoxicity were thoroughly evaluated. The extracts were then incorporated into cupcakes and their preserving effect, chemical composition, colour parameters and antioxidant activity were compared with those provided by potassium sorbate...
June 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403626/a-review-of-effective-herbal-medicines-in-controlling-menopausal-symptoms
#19
REVIEW
Rahele Kargozar, Hoda Azizi, Roshanak Salari
Background: Acute menopausal syndrome especially hot flashes, is one of the most common gynecological problems during menopause. Due to the side effects of hormone therapy, herbal and complementary medicines are always of immense interest to people in the treatment and management of the symptoms and complications of menopause. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms and effects of medicinal plants employed in the treatment of menopausal symptoms...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385035/biodiversity-within-melissa-officinalis-variability-of-bioactive-compounds-in-a-cultivated-collection
#20
Remigius Chizzola, Ulrike Lohwasser, Chlodwig Franz
Phytochemical characters were evaluated in a five-year-old lemon balm collection consisting of 15 and 13 subspecies officinalis and altissima accessions, respectively. Stems were lower in essential oil than leaves. First cut leaves (June) gave more oil than those of the second cut (August). Subspecies officinalis plants had leaf oils rich in geranial, neral and citronellal in various proportions in the first cut. However, in the second cut the oils from all accessions appeared very similar with 80-90% geranial plus neral...
January 31, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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