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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793084/-use-of-medicinal-plants-as-home-remedies-in-primary-health-care-in-blumenau-state-of-santa-catarina-brazil
#1
Ana Lúcia Bertarello Zeni, Amanda Varnier Parisotto, Gerson Mattos, Ernani Tiaraju de Santa Helena
An increase in the use of alternative therapeutic practices has been observed in the past decade, especially in medicinal plants, herbal and home remedies, which has been supported by policies within the scope of the Unified Health System (SUS). This study investigated the use of home remedies by users of Primary Health Care in Blumenau, State of Santa Catarina. It is a cross-sectional, observational and epidemiological study, the data for which were obtained via a questionnaire applied to 701 individuals. An unconditional logistic regression model was used to estimate the association between the use of home remedies and socio-demographic and medical care variables...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782216/temporal-changes-in-neutropenic-blood-culture-isolates-and-disease-associations-a-single-centre-series-of-1139-episodes
#2
Nathanael Lucas, Michael Humble, Dalice Sim, Michelle Balm, John Carter, Robert Weinkove
Neutropenic infections are life-threatening and require empiric antibiotic treatment. We examined 1139 blood culture isolates from our institution over a 36-year period from neutropenic patients to examine temporal trends and disease associations. Positive associations were found between viridans streptococci and acute myeloid leukaemia, coagulase negative staphylococci and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and indolent B-cell malignancies.
August 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738299/the-impact-of-bmi-on-non-malignant-respiratory-symptoms-and-lung-function-in-arsenic-exposed-adults-of-northern-chile
#3
Anthony Nardone, Catterina Ferreccio, Johanna Acevedo, Wayne Enanoria, Alden Blair, Allan H Smith, John Balmes, Craig Steinmaus
BACKGROUND: Elevated body mass index (BMI) and arsenic are both associated with cancer and with non-malignant lung disease. Using a unique exposure situation in Northern Chile with data on lifetime arsenic exposure, we previously identified the first evidence of an interaction between arsenic and BMI for the development of lung cancer. OBJECTIVES: We examined whether there was an interaction between arsenic and BMI for the development of non-malignant lung disease...
October 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697226/randomized-split-face-d%C3%A3-collet%C3%A3-comparative-trial-of-procedure-enhancement-system-for-fractional-non-ablative-laser-resurfacing-treatment
#4
Deanne Mraz Robinson, Ashton P Frulla
<p>INTRODUCTION: A topical proprietary procedural enhancement system (PES) containing a combination of active ingredients including a tripeptide and hexapeptide (TriHex Technology™, Alastin Procedure Enhancement Invasive System, ALASTIN Skincare™, Inc., Carlsbad, CA) has been used successfully to aid in healing and improve symptomatology following resurfacing procedures.</p> <p>METHODS: PES (Gentle Cleanser, Regenerating Skin Nectar with TriHex Technology™, Ultra Nourishing Moisturizer with TriHex Technology™, Soothe + Protect Recovery Balm, Broad Spectrum 30+ Sunscreen) was compared to a basic regimen (Aquaphor™, Cerave™ cleanser, Vanicream™, Alastin Broad Spectrum 30+ Sunscreen) in a split face/ décolleté trial following fractional non-ablative thulium-doped resurfacing treatment to the face or décolleté...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692651/effects-of-clinical-and-environmental-factors-on-bronchoalveolar-antibody-responses-to-pneumocystis-jirovecii-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-hiv-patients
#5
Robert J Blount, Kieran R Daly, Serena Fong, Emily Chang, Katherine Grieco, Meredith Greene, Stephen Stone, John Balmes, Robert F Miller, Peter D Walzer, Laurence Huang
BACKGROUND: Humoral immunity plays an important role against Pneumocystis jirovecii infection, yet clinical and environmental factors that impact bronchoalveolar antibody responses to P. jirovecii remain uncertain. METHODS: From October 2008-December 2011 we enrolled consecutive HIV-infected adults admitted to San Francisco General Hospital (SFGH) who underwent bronchoscopy for suspected Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP). We used local air quality monitoring data to assign ozone, nitrogen dioxide, and fine particulate matter exposures within 14 days prior to hospital admission...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687034/adsorption-and-photophysical-properties-of-fluorescent-dyes-over-montmorillonite-and-saponite-modified-by-surfactant
#6
Vidhyadevi Tangaraj, Jean-Marc Janot, Maguy Jaber, Mikhael Bechelany, Sebastien Balme
In the present study, the adsorption capacities of two intercalated smectites, CTAB-saponite and CTAB-montmorillonite with a cationic surfactant, were investigated with three fluorescent dyes namely Rhodamine 640 perchlorate rhodamine (Rho), sulforhodamine B (SR) and Kiton red 620 (KR). The adsorption isotherms fit well with the non-linear Langmuir isotherm model and the maximum adsorption capacities of all the composites are determined. The photophysical properties such as anisotropy and fluorescence lifetime of all the fluorescent dyes over the clay materials are determined...
October 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679608/home-monitoring-improves-endpoint-efficiency-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#7
Kerri A Johannson, Eric Vittinghoff, Julie Morisset, Joyce S Lee, John R Balmes, Harold R Collard
The objective of this study was to investigate the reliability, feasibility and analytical impact of home-based measurement of forced vital capacity (FVC) and dyspnoea as clinical endpoints in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF).Patients with IPF performed weekly home-based assessment of FVC and dyspnoea using a mobile hand-held spirometer and self-administered dyspnoea questionnaires. Weekly variability in FVC and dyspnoea was estimated, and sample sizes were simulated for a hypothetical 24-week clinical trial using either traditional office-based interval measurement or mobile weekly assessment...
July 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665203/we-need-to-think-different-about-particulate-matter
#8
George Thurston, John Balmes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633539/a-survey-on-chemical-constituents-and-indications-of-aromatic-waters-soft-drinks-hydrosols-used-in-persian-nutrition-culture-and-folk-medicine-for-neurological-disorders-and-mental-health
#9
Azadeh Hamedi, Ardalan Pasdaran, Zahra Zebarjad, Mahmoodreza Moein
In Persian nutrition culture, drinking aromatic waters (hydrosols, distillate) has a long history as functional beverages or therapeutic remedies. The co-distilled water with essential oils, which contains partial amounts of more water-soluble volatile compounds are diluted and used as beverages. Since the solubility of volatile components is different in water, the overall composition, and thus the biological activities of aromatic waters seem to be different from the essential oils they were co-distilled with...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628377/environmental-effects-of-intensive-livestock-farming
#10
Torben Sigsgaard, John Balmes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605016/flexibility-in-the-duration-of-parental-care-female-leopards-prioritise-cub-survival-over-reproductive-output
#11
Guy A Balme, Hugh S Robinson, Ross T Pitman, Luke T B Hunter
Deciding when to terminate care of offspring is a key consideration for parents. Prolonging care may increase fitness of current offspring, but it can also reduce opportunities for future reproduction. Despite its evolutionary importance, few studies have explored the optimal duration of parental care, particularly among large carnivores. We used a 40-year dataset to assess the trade-offs associated with the length of maternal care in leopards in the Sabi Sand Game Reserve, South Africa. We compared the costs imposed by care on the survival and residual reproductive value of leopard mothers against the benefits derived from maternal care in terms of increased offspring survival, recruitment and reproduction...
September 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595322/the-effects-of-bit-wear-on-respirable-silica-dust-noise-and-productivity-a-hammer-drill-bench-study
#12
Paul Carty, Michael R Cooper, Alan Barr, Richard L Neitzel, John Balmes, David Rempel
Objectives: Hammer drills are used extensively in commercial construction for drilling into concrete for tasks including rebar installation for structural upgrades and anchor bolt installation. This drilling task can expose workers to respirable silica dust and noise. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the effects of bit wear on respirable silica dust, noise, and drilling productivity. Method: Test bits were worn to three states by drilling consecutive holes to different cumulative drilling depths: 0, 780, and 1560 cm...
June 8, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578083/lasagna-plots-to-visualize-results-in-surgical-studies
#13
Hamid Jalalzadeh, Sytse C van Beek, Reza Indrakusuma, Willem A Bemelman, Olivier R Busch, Ron Balm
BACKGROUND: A lasagna plot is a graphical tool that can display multiple longitudinal outcomes. To our knowledge, lasagna plots have not been used in publications of surgical studies before. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the results of surgical randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with lasagna plots in order to assess whether this can lead to new observations of the data presented in the original studies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Lasagna plots were created with R for an RCT comparing endovascular and open repair for patients with a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AJAX trial), an RCT comparing laparoscopy or open surgery combined with either fast track or standard care for patients with colon cancer (LAFA trial) and an RCT comparing preoperative biliary drainage and early surgery for patients with pancreatic cancer (DROP trial)...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571771/the-lemon-balm-extract-als-l1023-inhibits-obesity-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-female-ovariectomized-mice
#14
Jeongjun Kim, Hyunghee Lee, Jonghoon Lim, Haerim Lee, Seolah Yoon, Soon Shik Shin, Michung Yoon
Increasing evidence indicates that angiogenesis inhibitors regulate obesity. This study aimed to determine whether the lemon balm extract ALS-L1023 inhibits diet-induced obesity and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in female ovariectomized (OVX) mice. OVX mice received a low fat diet (LFD), a high fat diet (HFD) or HFD supplemented with ALS-L1023 (ALS-L1023) for 15 weeks. HFD mice exhibited increases in visceral adipose tissue (VAT) angiogenesis, body weight, VAT mass and VAT inflammation compared with LFD mice...
May 29, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554056/structure-and-antibacterial-activity-relationships-of-native-and-amyloid-fibril-lysozyme-loaded-on-layered-double-hydroxide
#15
Zaineb Bouaziz, Laurence Soussan, Jean-Marc Janot, Mathilde Lepoitevin, Mikhael Bechelany, Mohamed Amine Djebbi, Abdesslem Ben Haj Amara, Sebastien Balme
Lysozyme from hen egg white is composed by a unique linear chain of 129 amino acids. It is known to inhibit Gram positive bacteria and to form amyloid fibrils at low pH, under 75°C. This work investigates the effect of the fibrillation and/or adsorption onto a layered double hydroxide material on the antibacterial properties of lysozyme. The kinetics of adsorption follows a behavior of pseudo second order model. The X-ray diffraction and the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy highlight that adsorption occurs only on the external surface of the material...
September 1, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551143/screening-of-tio2-and-au-nanoparticles-in-cosmetics-and-determination-of-elemental-impurities-by-multiple-techniques-dls-sp-icp-ms-icp-ms-and-icp-oes
#16
Inmaculada de la Calle, Mathieu Menta, Marlène Klein, Fabienne Séby
Cosmetics are part of the daily life of most of the people. Thus, a complete characterization of the products we applied in our skin is necessary. In this work, an analytical investigation of a wide variety of cosmetics from the point of view of total element content and metallic nanoparticles (NPs) has been performed. Firstly, we analyzed the total element content by ICP-MS and ICP-OES after acid digestion as an assessment of the presence of metal impurities. Prohibited elements in cosmetics, according to the European Commission regulation No 1223/2009, were not detected, and only elements mentioned in the label were found (e...
August 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543798/mucosal-melanoma-clinical-histological-and-c-kit-gene-mutational-profile-of-86-french-cases
#17
E Cinotti, J Chevallier, B Labeille, F Cambazard, L Thomas, B Balme, M T Leccia, M D'Incan, P Vercherin, C Douchet, P Rubegni, J L Perrot
BACKGROUND: Mucosal melanomas are rare and highly aggressive tumors. Few studies evaluated mucosal melanomas of locations other than the head and neck region, and other than those of the Asian population. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to analyze the clinical and histological features, as well as the mutational status of c-kit and b-raf gene of mucosal melanoma in any localization in a French series. METHODS: We investigated clinical (sex, age, performance status, survival, treatment of the patients and lack of pigmentation of the tumors) and histopathologic features (ulceration, Breslow's index, mitotic rate), as well as the mutational status of c-kit and b-raf of 86 mucosal melanomas diagnosed in 15 years in four French University Hospitals...
May 22, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508053/backside-absorbing-layer-microscopy-watching-graphene-chemistry
#18
Stéphane Campidelli, Refahi Abou Khachfe, Kevin Jaouen, Jean Monteiller, Claude Amra, Myriam Zerrad, Renaud Cornut, Vincent Derycke, Dominique Ausserré
The rapid rise of two-dimensional nanomaterials implies the development of new versatile, high-resolution visualization and placement techniques. For example, a single graphene layer becomes observable on Si/SiO2 substrates by reflected light under optical microscopy because of interference effects when the thickness of silicon oxide is optimized. However, differentiating monolayers from bilayers remains challenging, and advanced techniques, such as Raman mapping, atomic force microscopy (AFM), or scanning electron microscopy (SEM) are more suitable to observe graphene monolayers...
May 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498656/occupational-exposure-to-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-of-wildland-firefighters-at-prescribed-and-wildland-fires
#19
Kathleen M Navarro, Ricardo Cisneros, Elizabeth M Noth, John R Balmes, S Katharine Hammond
Wildland firefighters suppressing wildland fires or conducting prescribed fires work long shifts during which they are exposed to high levels of wood smoke with no respiratory protection. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are hazardous air pollutants formed during incomplete combustion. Exposure to PAHs was measured for 21 wildland firefighters suppressing two wildland fires and 4 wildland firefighters conducting prescribed burns in California. Personal air samples were actively collected using XAD4-coated quartz fiber filters and XAD2 sorbent tubes...
June 6, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492798/medicinal-plants-profile-used-by-the-3rd-district-population-of-macei%C3%A3-al
#20
S A S Griz, T J Matos-Rocha, A F Santos, J G Costa, K C Mousinho
Herein the use of medicinal plants by the population of the 3rd Sanitary District of Maceió-AL city is reported. Transversal description was conducted from February 2013 to January 2014, with a sample of 116 individuals of both Gender Genders aged over 18 years. The ethnobotanical information interviews ethnobotanical information were obtained through semi - structured questionnaire featuring the use of medicinal plants and social and economical data. Descriptive statistics was applied for quantitative variables as mean and standard deviation and proportions for qualitative variables in the frequency table format...
May 4, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
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