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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422534/in-situ-sampling-of-relative-dust-devil-particle-loads-and-their-vertical-grain-size-distributions
#1
Jan Raack, Dennis Reiss, Matthew R Balme, Kamal Taj-Eddine, Gian Gabriele Ori
During a field campaign in the Sahara Desert in southern Morocco, spring 2012, we sampled the vertical grain size distribution of two active dust devils that exhibited different dimensions and intensities. With these in situ samples of grains in the vortices, it was possible to derive detailed vertical grain size distributions and measurements of the lifted relative particle load. Measurements of the two dust devils show that the majority of all lifted particles were only lifted within the first meter (∼46...
April 19, 2017: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420164/the-angiogenesis-inhibitor-als-l1023-from-lemon-balm-leaves-attenuates-high-fat-diet-induced-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-through-regulating-the-visceral-adipose-tissue-function
#2
Jeongjun Kim, Haerim Lee, Jonghoon Lim, Jaeho Oh, Soon Shik Shin, Michung Yoon
Similar to neoplastic tissues, growth and development of adipose tissue are thought to be angiogenesis-dependent. Since visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is associated with development and progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), we hypothesized that angiogenesis inhibition would attenuate obesity-induced NAFLD. We fed C57BL/6J mice a low-fat diet (LFD, chow 10% kcal fat), a high-fat diet (HFD, 45% kcal fat) or HFD supplemented with the lemon-balm extract ALS-L1023 (HFD-ALS) for 15 weeks. ALS-L1023 reduced endothelial cell-tube formation in vitro...
April 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415983/exhaled-carbon-monoxide-a-non-invasive-biomarker-of-short-term-exposure-to-outdoor-air-pollution
#3
Herve Lawin, Lucie Ayi Fanou, Vikkey Hinson, Jacqueline Wanjiku, N Kingsley Ukwaja, Stephen B Gordon, Benjamin Fayomi, John R Balmes, Parfait Houngbegnon, Euripide Avokpaho, Ambaliou Sanni
BACKGROUND: In urban settings of Africa with rapidly increasing population, traffic-related air pollution is a major contributor to outdoor air pollution (OAP). Although OAP has been identified as a leading cause of global morbidity and mortality, there is however, lack of a simple biomarker to assess levels of exposure to OAP in resource-poor settings. This study evaluated the role of exhaled carbon monoxide (exhCO) as a potential biomarker of exposure to ambient carbon monoxide (ambCO) from OAP...
April 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406945/predicting-3d-lip-shapes-using-facial-surface-emg
#4
Merijn Eskes, Maarten J A van Alphen, Alfons J M Balm, Ludi E Smeele, Dieta Brandsma, Ferdinand van der Heijden
AIM: The aim of this study is to prove that facial surface electromyography (sEMG) conveys sufficient information to predict 3D lip shapes. High sEMG predictive accuracy implies we could train a neural control model for activation of biomechanical models by simultaneously recording sEMG signals and their associated motions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With a stereo camera set-up, we recorded 3D lip shapes and simultaneously performed sEMG measurements of the facial muscles, applying principal component analysis (PCA) and a modified general regression neural network (GRNN) to link the sEMG measurements to 3D lip shapes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404675/nucleic-acid-extraction-from-residual-aptima-clinical-samples-evaluation-of-automated-platform-to-enhance-workflow
#5
Julia Mayes, Nadika Liyanarachchy, Michelle N D Balm
Transcription mediated amplification with the Aptima Combo 2 (AC2) assay (Hologic) is a highly sensitive and specific method for detection of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) from clinical samples collected in Aptima collection systems (1).….
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398703/air-pollution-neighborhood-acculturation-factors-and-neural-tube-defects-among-hispanic-women-in-california
#6
Amy M Padula, Wei Yang, Suzan L Carmichael, Frederick Lurmann, John Balmes, S Katharine Hammond, Gary M Shaw
BACKGROUND: Neural tube defects (NTDs) are one of the most common types of birth defects. Environmental pollutants and acculturation have been associated with NTDs independently. The potential effect modification of acculturation in the relationship between ambient air pollution and risks of NTDs is not well understood. METHODS: We investigated whether associations between traffic-related air pollutant exposure in early gestation and NTDs, and more specifically spina bifida, were modified by individual and neighborhood acculturation factors among 139 cases and 466 controls born in the San Joaquin Valley of California, 1997 to 2006...
April 3, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384795/child-and-adolescent-health-from-1990-to-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-diseases-injuries-and-risk-factors-2015-study
#7
Nicholas Kassebaum, Hmwe Hmwe Kyu, Leo Zoeckler, Helen Elizabeth Olsen, Katie Thomas, Christine Pinho, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Lalit Dandona, Alize Ferrari, Tsegaye Tewelde Ghiwot, Simon I Hay, Yohannes Kinfu, Xiaofeng Liang, Alan Lopez, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Ali H Mokdad, Mohsen Naghavi, George C Patton, Joshua Salomon, Benn Sartorius, Roman Topor-Madry, Stein Emil Vollset, Andrea Werdecker, Harvey A Whiteford, Kalkidan Hasen Abate, Kaja Abbas, Solomon Abreha Damtew, Muktar Beshir Ahmed, Nadia Akseer, Rajaa Al-Raddadi, Mulubirhan Assefa Alemayohu, Khalid Altirkawi, Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Azmeraw T Amare, Carl A T Antonio, Johan Arnlov, Al Artaman, Hamid Asayesh, Euripide Frinel G Arthur Avokpaho, Ashish Awasthi, Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla, Umar Bacha, Dimtsu Balem, Aleksandra Barac, Till Winfried Bärnighausen, Estifanos Baye, Neeraj Bedi, Isabela M Bensenor, Adugnaw Berhane, Eduardo Bernabe, Oscar Alberto Bernal, Addisu Shunu Beyene, Sibhatu Biadgilign, Boris Bikbov, Cheryl Anne Boyce, Alexandra Brazinova, Gessessew Bugssa Hailu, Austin Carter, Carlos A Castañeda-Orjuela, Ferrán Catalá-López, Fiona J Charlson, Abdulaal A Chitheer, Jee-Young Jasmine Choi, Liliana G Ciobanu, John Crump, Rakhi Dandona, Robert P Dellavalle, Amare Deribew, Gabrielle deVeber, Daniel Dicker, Balem Balm Betsu, Eric L Ding, Manisha Dubey, Amanuel Yesuf Endries, Holly E Erskine, Emerito Jose Aquino Faraon, Andre Faro, Farshad Farzadfar, Joao C Fernandes, Daniel Obadare Fijabi, Christina Fitzmaurice, Thomas D Fleming, Luisa Sorio Flor, Kyle J Foreman, Richard C Franklin, Maya S Fraser, Joseph J Frostad, Nancy Fullman, Gebremedhin Berhe Gebregergs, Alemseged Aregay Gebru, Johanna M Geleijnse, Katherine B Gibney, Mahari Gidey Yihdego, Ibrahim Abdelmageem Mohamed Ginawi, Melkamu Dedefo Gishu, Tessema Assefa Gizachew, Elizabeth Glaser, Audra L Gold, Ellen Goldberg, Philimon Gona, Atsushi Goto, Harish Chander Gugnani, Guohong Jiang, Rajeev Gupta, Fisaha Haile Tesfay, Graeme J Hankey, Rasmus Havmoeller, Martha Hijar, Masako Horino, H Dean Hosgood, Guoqing Hu, Kathryn H Jacobsen, Mihajlo B Jakovljevic, Sudha P Jayaraman, Vivekanand Jha, Tariku Jibat, Catherine O Johnson, Jost Jonas, Amir Kasaeian, Norito Kawakami, Peter N Keiyoro, Ibrahim Khalil, Young-Ho Khang, Jagdish Khubchandani, Aliasghar A Ahmad Kiadaliri, Christian Kieling, Daniel Kim, Niranjan Kissoon, Luke D Knibbs, Ai Koyanagi, Kristopher J Krohn, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Burcu Kucuk Bicer, Rachel Kulikoff, G Anil Kumar, Dharmesh Kumar Lal, Hilton Y Lam, Heidi J Larson, Anders Larsson, Dennis Odai Laryea, Janni Leung, Stephen S Lim, Loon-Tzian Lo, Warren D Lo, Katharine J Looker, Paulo A Lotufo, Hassan Magdy Abd, El Razek, Reza Malekzadeh, Desalegn Markos Shifti, Mohsen Mazidi, Peter A Meaney, Kidanu Gebremariam Meles, Peter Memiah, Walter Mendoza, Mubarek Abera Mengistie, Gebremichael Welday Mengistu, George A Mensah, Ted R Miller, Charles Mock, Alireza Mohammadi, Shafiu Mohammed, Lorenzo Monasta, Ulrich Mueller, Chie Nagata, Aliya Naheed, Grant Nguyen, Quyen Le Nguyen, Elaine Nsoesie, In-Hwan Oh, Anselm Okoro, Jacob Olusegun Olusanya, Bolajoko O Olusanya, Alberto Ortiz, Deepak Paudel, David M Pereira, Norberto Perico, Max Petzold, Michael Robert Phillips, Guilherme V Polanczyk, Farshad Pourmalek, Mostafa Qorbani, Anwar Rafay, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Mahfuzar Rahman, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Usha Ram, Zane Rankin, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Andre M N Renzaho, Hirbo Shore Roba, David Rojas-Rueda, Luca Ronfani, Rajesh Sagar, Juan Ramon Sanabria, Muktar Sano Kedir Mohammed, Itamar S Santos, Maheswar Satpathy, Monika Sawhney, Ben Schöttker, David C Schwebel, James G Scott, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Amira Shaheen, Masood Ali Shaikh, June She, Rahman Shiri, Ivy Shiue, Inga Dora Sigfusdottir, Jasvinder Singh, Naris Slipakit, Alison Smith, Chandrashekhar Sreeramareddy, Jeffrey D Stanaway, Dan J Stein, Caitlyn Steiner, Muawiyyah Babale Sufiyan, Soumya Swaminathan, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Karen M Tabb, Fentaw Tadese, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Bineyam Taye, Stephanie Teeple, Teketo Kassaw Tegegne, Girma Temam Shifa, Adbullah Sulieman Terkawi, Bernadette Thomas, Alan J Thomson, Ruoyan Tobe-Gai, Marcello Tonelli, Bach Xuan Tran, Christopher Troeger, Kingsley N Ukwaja, Olalekan Uthman, Tommi Vasankari, Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian, Vasiliy Victorovich Vlassov, Elisabete Weiderpass, Robert Weintraub, Solomon Weldemariam Gebrehiwot, Ronny Westerman, Hywel C Williams, Charles D A Wolfe, Rachel Woodbrook, Yuichiro Yano, Naohiro Yonemoto, Seok-Jun Yoon, Mustafa Z Younis, Chuanhua Yu, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Elias Asfaw Zegeye, Liesl Joanna Zuhlke, Christopher J L Murray, Theo Vos
Importance: Comprehensive and timely monitoring of disease burden in all age groups, including children and adolescents, is essential for improving population health. Objective: To quantify and describe levels and trends of mortality and nonfatal health outcomes among children and adolescents from 1990 to 2015 to provide a framework for policy discussion. Evidence Review: Cause-specific mortality and nonfatal health outcomes were analyzed for 195 countries and territories by age group, sex, and year from 1990 to 2015 using standardized approaches for data processing and statistical modeling, with subsequent analysis of the findings to describe levels and trends across geography and time among children and adolescents 19 years or younger...
April 3, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384651/surgical-treatment-of-subungual-squamous-cell-carcinoma-by-wide-excision-of-the-nail-unit-and-skin-graft-reconstruction-an-evaluation-of-treatment-efficiency-and-outcomes
#8
Solène Topin-Ruiz, Catherine Surinach, Stéphane Dalle, Gérard Duru, Brigitte Balme, Luc Thomas
Importance: The best surgical treatment modalities for subungual squamous cell carcinoma (SUSCC) without bone invasion need to be determined. The limited available data on Mohs micrographic surgery do not demonstrate its use as a standard procedure. A previous study in a limited series of patients has shown that wide surgical excision of the nail unit was associated with a low rate of recurrence. Objectives: To confirm the efficiency of wide surgical excision of the nail unit with full-thickness skin graft reconstruction on a series of patients with SUSCC with an extended follow-up and to evaluate short- and long-term postoperative morbidity and patient satisfaction...
April 5, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369977/biogenic-amine-formation-and-microbiological-quality-of-anchovy-engraulis-encrasicolus-treated-with-lavender-and-lemon-balm-ethanol-extracts
#9
Fatih Özogul, Rana Öztekin, Piotr Kulawik
Biogenic amine formation and bacterial growth of vacuum-packed European anchovy treated with 1% lemon balm (LB) or lavender (LD) ethanol extracts was investigated. The treated samples were stored at 2 ± 1 °C for 11 d and analyzed for biogenic amines, total viable count, fecal coliform count, and lactic acid bacterial count. The analyses were done on 0, 4, 7, 9, and 11 d of storage. Both LB and LD extracts proved effective in reducing most biogenic amines, with histamine reduced by 3-fold compared to control...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367927/beneficial-effects-of-lemon-balm-leaf-extract-on-in-vitro-glycation-of-proteins-arterial-stiffness-and-skin-elasticity-in-healthy-adults
#10
Shintaro Yui, Suzuka Fujiwara, Katsuhisa Harada, Mahoko Motoike-Hamura, Masashi Sakai, Satoshi Matsubara, Kouji Miyazaki
Glycation, a non-enzymatic glycosylation of proteins, induces tissue damage in association with various diseases and aging phenomena. Pentosidine, an advanced glycation end product, is involved in aging phenomena such as tissue stiffness. In this study, we aimed to find a potent anti-glycation food material and to verify its health benefits by clinical trial. From among 681 hot water plant extracts, lemon balm (Melissa officinalis; LB) leaf extract was selected and revealed to have more potent inhibitory activity for pentosidine formation than a representative anti-glycation agent, aminoguanidine...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355995/new-advances-in-infant-feeding-new-products-and-novel-technologies
#11
M C Pina-Pérez, A Martínez, D Rodrigo
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is the best way to provide ideal food for infants. However, there are many situations in which breastfeeding is unviable (maternal illness, hygiene problems, intravenous feeding requirement, storage). Safe, efficient, and nutritious products should be offered by the industry to mothers and healthcare professionals as an alternative. OBJECTIVE: The present review aims to update the state of the art regarding the most innovative developments in infant feeding formulation and, the promising novel technologies that are being investigated to achieve a balance between the microbiological stability, organoleptic and nutritional value of babyfood...
March 28, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345938/mimicking-ph-gated-ionic-channels-by-polyelectrolyte-complex-confinement-inside-a-single-nanopore
#12
Yixuan Zhao, Jean-Marc Janot, Emmanuel Balanzat, Sébastien Balme
Biological channels have served as inspiration to design stimuli-response artificial nanopores. Here we propose an original approach to design a pH-gate nanopore based on polyethylenimine and chondroitin-4-sulfate (ChS) layer-by-layer self-assembly. This approach is interesting because it is rapid and permits monitoring in real time of functionalization. The study of ionic transport through these single nanopores reveals a selectivity on anions and pH-gate properties at low salt concentration. It is open at pH below 4 or 5 depending on salt concentration...
March 31, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336186/variation-in-head-and-neck-cancer-care-in-the-netherlands-a-retrospective-cohort-evaluation-of-incidence-treatment-and-outcome
#13
M de Ridder, A J M Balm, R J Baatenburg de Jong, C H J Terhaard, R P Takes, M Slingerland, E Dik, R J E Sedee, J G A M de Visscher, H Bouman, S M Willems, M W Wouters, L E Smeele, B A C van Dijk
BACKGROUND: To explore variation in numbers and treatment between hospitals that treat head and neck cancer (HNC) in the Netherlands. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patient, tumor and treatment characteristics were collected from the Netherlands Cancer Registry, while histopathological features were obtained by linkage to the national pathology record register PALGA. Inter-hospital variation in volume, stage, treatment, pathologically confirmed loco-regional recurrence and overall survival rate was evaluated by tumor site...
March 8, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330725/a-botanical-phytochemical-and-ethnomedicinal-review-of-the-genus-mitragyna-korth-implications-for-products-sold-as-kratom
#14
REVIEW
Paula N Brown, Jensen A Lund, Susan J Murch
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Mitragyna (Rubiacaeae) has been traditionally used in parts of Africa, Asia and Oceania. In recent years, there has been increased interest in species of Mitragyna with the introduction of products to western markets and regulatory uncertainty. AIM OF THE STUDY: This paper reviewed the traditional ethnomedicinal uses of leaves for species belonging to the genus Mitragyna with reference to the botany and known chemistry in order to highlight areas of interest for products currently being sold as kratom...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330169/investigating-the-effect-of-drought-stress-on-expression-of-wrky1-and-erebp1-genes-and-antioxidant-enzyme-activities-in-lemon-balm-melissa-officinalis-l
#15
Mehdi Rahimi, Mojtaba Kordrostami, Mahmood Maleki, Mohsen ModaresKia
Drought stress is a severe environmental constraint to plant productivity. In this study, gene expression of WRKY1 and EREBP1 genes and activity of two enzymes were investigated in two genotypes, G9 (as resistance) and G12 (as susceptible) of 10 days-old lemon balm seedlings. Experiments were done according to factorial design on the base of completely randomized design with three replications for expression analysis and enzyme assays. Seedlings were cultured in MS medium suspensions, including 0, 3, 6, 12 and 15 % w/v PEG 6000...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323891/characterization-of-baff-and-april-subfamily-receptors-in-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-potential-role-of-the-baff-april-axis-in-the-pathogenesis-of-proliferative-kidney-disease
#16
Aitor G Granja, Jason W Holland, Jaime Pignatelli, Christopher J Secombes, Carolina Tafalla
Proliferative kidney disease (PKD) is a parasitic infection of salmonid fish characterized by hyper-secretion of immunoglobulins in response to the presence of the myxozoan parasite, Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae. In this context, we hypothesized that the BAFF/APRIL axis, known to play a major role in B cell differentiation and survival in mammals, could be affected by the parasite and consequently be involved in the apparent shift in normal B cell activity. To regulate B cell activity, BAFF and APRIL bind to transmembrane activator and calcium modulator and cyclophilin ligand interactor (TACI) and B cell maturation antigen (BCMA), whereas BAFF also binds to BAFF receptor (BAFF-R)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302579/the-baff-april-axis-plays-an-important-role-in-virus-induced-peritoneal-responses-in-rainbow-trout
#17
Irene Soleto, Beatriz Abós, Rosario Castro, Lucia González, Carolina Tafalla, Aitor G Granja
IgM(+) B cells have been recently demonstrated to be key regulators of peritoneal inflammation in teleost, as a large number of them occupy the peritoneal cavity after 48 h of antigenic stimulation. Despite this, the number of studies addressing the mechanism through which this cell population expands and differentiates in response to stimuli has been scarcely addressed. Because the BAFF/APRIL axis is known to play a major role in B cell survival and differentiation in mammals, we hypothesized that it could be affected in the peritoneal cavity in response to an inflammatory stimulus...
May 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287221/in-situ-studies-of-no-reduction-by-h2-over-pt-using-surface-x-ray-diffraction-and-transmission-electron-microscopy
#18
S B Roobol, W G Onderwaater, M A van Spronsen, F Carla, O Balmes, V Navarro, S Vendelbo, P J Kooyman, C F Elkjær, S Helveg, R Felici, J W M Frenken, I M N Groot
In situ surface X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy at 1 bar show massive material transport of platinum during high-temperature NO reduction with H2. A Pt(110) single-crystal surface shows a wide variety of surface reconstructions and extensive faceting of the surface. Pt nanoparticles change their morphology depending on the gas composition: They are faceted in hydrogen-rich environments, but are more spherical in NO-rich environments, indicating the formation of vicinal surfaces. We conclude that high coverage of NO combined with sufficient mobility of platinum surface atoms is the driving force for the formation of steps on both flat surfaces and nanoparticles...
March 13, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277254/-malignant-transformation-of-an-eccrine-spiradenoma
#19
J Jacquemus, S Dalle, M Faure, B Chouvet, O Beatrix, B Balme
INTRODUCTION: Malignant eccrine spiradenoma is a rare and aggressive tumor, developed on the epithelium of eccrine sweat glands. Typically, it occurs after malignant transformation of benign eccrine spiradenoma, but sometimes it happens de novo. OBSERVATION: We report a case of malignant eccrine spiradenoma in a 62-year-old woman. The patient presented a rapid increase in size of a long-standing tumoral lesion of her forearm. There was no secondary lesion on the chest, abdomen or pelvis at the CT-scanner...
March 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249655/salivary-gland-pleomorphic-adenoma-in-the-netherlands-a-nationwide-observational-study-of-primary-tumor-incidence-malignant-transformation-recurrence-and-risk-factors-for-recurrence
#20
M H Valstar, M de Ridder, E C van den Broek, M M Stuiver, B A C van Dijk, M L F van Velthuysen, A J M Balm, L E Smeele
INTRODUCTION: Whereas salivary gland pleomorphic adenoma (SGPA) is the most common type of salivary gland tumor, little is known about its epidemiology because national cancer registries do not register this disease. OBJECTIVES: To establish SGPA incidence trends, rates of secondary malignant transformation and recurrence and associated factors in the Netherlands. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on incidence, epidemiology, secondary malignant transformation and recurrence were retrieved from the Dutch pathology registry (PALGA) for the years 1992, 1997, 2002, 2007, and 2012...
March 2017: Oral Oncology
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