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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743152/-prevention-of-perioperative-hypothermia-guidelines-for-daily-clinical-practice
#1
Timo Iden, Jan Höcker
Inadvertent perioperative hypothermia (body core temperature < 36 °C) is a serious complication leading to increased rates of wound infection, higher blood loss associated with increased transfusion requirements as well as patient dissatisfaction among others. Body core temperature is a vital parameter and needs constant monitoring just like heart rate, blood pressure and arterial oxygen saturation. Patient-, anesthesia-, surgery- and environment-related risk factors were identified for occurring perioperative hypothermia...
July 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742975/tumor-imaging-instruction-and-assessment-at-chiropractic-colleges-in-north-america-a-pilot-study-with-implications-for-national-board-of-chiropractic-examiners-content
#2
Kathleen L Linaker, Sarah A Arpin, Charles P Fischer, Michael Sackett, Lesley Georger
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study tested a survey instrument pertaining to the instruction and assessment of tumor imaging in chiropractic training programs. The secondary purpose was to gather data regarding credentials of lead instructors, textbook and resource use, and tumors taught and assessed. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to lead tumor imaging instructors at all chiropractic colleges in the United States and Canada. A focus group of tumor imaging instructors was conducted to clarify ambiguous data...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741268/assessing-cancer-health-literacy-among-spanish-speaking-latinos
#3
Margarita Echeverri, David Anderson, Anna María Nápoles
Health literacy is a dynamic construct that changes with specific health conditions; thus, new disease-specific health literacy tools are needed. Since cancer is the leading cause of death among Latinos, the largest and fastest-growing minority population in the nation, there is a need to develop tools to assess cancer health literacy (CHL) among the Spanish-speaking population. The Cancer Health Literacy Test, Spanish version (CHLT-30-DKspa) was applied to identify Spanish-speaking individuals with low CHL and ascertain which items in the tool best discriminate between CHL level groups...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740481/refractory-hypothyroidism-due-to-improper-storage-of-levothyroxine-tablets
#4
Salvatore Benvenga, Giampaolo Papi, Alessandro Antonelli
CONTEXT: A not negligible part of hypothyroid patients on levothyroxine therapy do not normalize serum thyrotropin (TSH) concentrations. "Refractory hypothyroidism," i.e., a condition characterized by persistently abnormal serum TSH levels despite adequate titration of l-T4 substitution therapy, requires biochemical and instrumental investigation, but no definite etiology is found in up to 15% of cases. OBJECTIVE: To report patients presenting with refractory hypothyroidism with proven improper storage of levothyroxine tablets...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740392/cholecalciferol-improves-glycemic-control-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-6-month-prospective-interventional-study
#5
Aml Mohamed Nada, Dalia A Shaheen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of vitamin D supplementation on glucose homeostasis and lipid profile in type 2 diabetic patients who have vitamin D deficiency. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty-five type 2 diabetic patients taking oral hypoglycemic agents as mono- or combination therapy were recruited from the diabetes and endocrinology clinic. Subject demographics, duration of diabetes, antidiabetic medication, body mass index (BMI), pulse, and blood pressure (BP) were assessed...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738111/topical-clonazepam-solution-for-the-management-of-burning-mouth-syndrome-a-retrospective-study
#6
Michal Kuten-Shorrer, Nathaniel S Treister, Shannon Stock, John M Kelley, Yisi D Ji, Sook-Bin Woo, Mark A Lerman, Stefan Palmason, Stephen T Sonis, Alessandro Villa
AIMS: To evaluate and compare the effectiveness of two concentrations of topical clonazepam solution in improving symptoms of burning mouth syndrome (BMS). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of patients diagnosed with BMS and managed with topical clonazepam solution between 2008 and 2015. A 0.5-mg/mL solution was prescribed until 2012, when this was changed to a 0.1 mg/mL solution. Patients were instructed to swish with 5 mL for 5 minutes and spit two to four times daily...
July 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736592/a-multicenter-prospective-survey-of-adverse-events-associated-with-acupuncture-and-moxibustion-in-japan
#7
Nobutatsu Furuse, Hisashi Shinbara, Akihito Uehara, Masaaki Sugawara, Toshiya Yamazaki, Masayoshi Hosaka, Hitoshi Yamashita
Background: There have been only a few prospective surveys on adverse events (AEs) in Japanese-style acupuncture practice, and these surveys were conducted only in a single college acupuncture clinic. Objective: The goal of this research was to assess the safety of acupuncture and moxibustion performed in educational facilities in Japan. Materials and Methods: This was a multicenter prospective survey, using paper reporting forms. It was conducted in eight acupuncture clinics affiliated with educational institutions...
June 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734995/senior-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-resident-confidence-in-performing-invasive-temporomandibular-joint-procedures
#8
Mohmedvasim Momin, Michael Miloro, Louis G Mercuri, Alexander Munaretto, Michael R Markiewicz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the level of confidence that senior-level oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) residents have in the management of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, determine their exposure to various invasive TMJ procedures during training, and assess their confidence in performing those procedures on completion of residency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was designed, and a link to a University of Illinois at Chicago Qualtrics Survey platform (Qualtrics, Provo, UT) was e-mailed to all program directors at Commission on Dental Accreditation-accredited OMS training programs in the United States...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734899/strategies-to-develop-endogenous-stem-cell-recruiting-bioactive-materials-for-tissue-repair-and-regeneration
#9
Settimio Pacelli, Sayantani Basu, Jonathan Whitlow, Aparna R Chakravarti, Francisca Acosta, Arushi Varshney, Saman Modaresi, Cory Berkland, Arghya Paul
A leading strategy in tissue engineering is the design of biomimetic scaffolds that stimulate the body's repair mechanisms through the recruitment of endogenous stem cells to sites of injury. Approaches that employ the use of chemoattractant gradients to guide tissue regeneration without external cell sources are favored over traditional cell-based therapies that have limited potential for clinical translation. Following this concept, bioactive scaffolds can be engineered to provide a temporally and spatially controlled release of biological cues, with the possibility to mimic the complex signaling patterns of endogenous tissue regeneration...
July 19, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733804/surgical-masculinization-of-the-breast-clinical-classification-and-surgical-procedures
#10
Lázaro Cárdenas-Camarena, Carlos Dorado, Maria Teresa Guerrero, Rosa Nava
Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266.
July 21, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731848/usability-acceptability-and-impact-of-a-pediatric-teledermatology-mobile-health-application
#11
Alexander G Fiks, Linda Fleisher, Lindsay Berrigan, Emily Sykes, Stephanie L Mayne, Rachel Gruver, Katherine Halkyard, Olivia S Jew, Patrick FitzGerald, Flaura Winston, Patrick McMahon
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric dermatology appointment wait times often exceed several months. We evaluated the usability, acceptability, and clinical impact of a store-and-forward teledermatology mobile application (app) linking families with pediatric dermatologists. METHODS: Parents of children age 6 weeks to 17 years or individuals 18-21 years old were invited (by e-mail or referral) to participate in this single group, prospective study. Within the app, users photographed the skin condition, answered questions, and submitted their case for review...
July 21, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731212/cross-validation-of-commercial-enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay-and-radioimmunoassay-for-porcine-c-peptide-concentration-measurements-in-non-human-primate-serum
#12
Sarah C Gresch, Lucas A Mutch, Jody L Janecek, Rebecca L Hegstad-Davies, Melanie L Graham
BACKGROUND: C-peptide concentration is widely used as a marker of insulin secretion and is especially relevant in evaluating islet graft function following transplantation, because its measurement is not confounded by the presence of exogenous insulin. To address the shortage of human islet donors, the use of porcine islets has been proposed as a possible solution and the stringent pig-to-non-human primate (NHP) model is often the most relevant for pre-clinical evaluation of the potential for diabetes reversal resulting from an islet xenograft...
July 21, 2017: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728800/-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-pedsql-questionnaire-cancer-module-version-3-0-for-use-in-colombia
#13
Luis Fernando Fontibón, Sandra Liliana Ardila, Ricardo Sánchez
INTRODUCTION: Quality of life is an important outcome in paediatric cancer patients. Its evaluation at different times during the clinical course of the disease is essential for clinical practice focused on the needs of the patients. There is not a specific assessment tool for this purpose in Colombia. OBJECTIVE: To perform the cultural adaptation of the quality of life scale PedsQL (Paediatric Quality of Life) Cancer Module, Version 3.0 for use in Colombia. METHODS: Permission for use of the scale was obtained and the algorithm steps of the Mapi Research Trust group were followed: Direct and independent translations of scale by two native Colombian Spanish speaking translators, obtaining a preliminary version from the translations...
July 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727637/evaluation-and-student-perceptions-of-an-ob-boot-camp-simulation-for-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-mixed-method-approach
#14
Cynthia S Crews, Lisa C Minor
Obstetrical nursing offers unique challenges as a specialty clinical area as the process of birth and the nature of the setting are unpredictable. Traditional undergraduate baccalaureate nursing students may not have experience with maternal/newborn care. An eight-hour OB Boot Camp was developed to prepare students for their first obstetrical clinical rotation. An explanatory sequential mixed-method research study was used to explore student perceptions and evaluate the experience. On the basis of the results of this research study, the OB Boot Camp was a valuable instructional method to prepare students for obstetrical clinical rotations and coursework...
July 19, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725963/robot-assisted-surgery-for-mandibular-angle-split-osteotomy-using-augmented-reality-preliminary-results-on-clinical-animal-experiment
#15
Chaozheng Zhou, Ming Zhu, Yunyong Shi, Li Lin, Gang Chai, Yan Zhang, Le Xie
Mandibular angle split osteotomy (MASO) is a procedure widely used for prominent mandibular angles. However, conventional mandibular plastic surgery is invasive and high risk. It may induce postoperative neurosensory disturbance of the inferior alveolar nerve, fractures and infection due to the complexity of the anatomical structure and the narrow surgical field of view. The success rate of MASO surgery usually depends on the clinical experience and skills of the surgeon. To evaluate the performance of inexperienced plastic surgeons conducting this surgery, a self-developed and constructed robot system based on augmented reality is used...
July 19, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725962/optimal-positioning-of-the-nipple-areola-complex-in-men-using-the-mohrenheim-estimated-tangential-tracking-line-mett-line-an-intuitive-approach
#16
Tobias R Mett, Nicco Krezdorn, Rosalia Luketina, Maria K Boyce, Helga Henseler, Ramin Ipaktchi, Peter M Vogt
INTRODUCTION: The reconstruction of the body shape after post-bariatric surgery or high-grade gynecomastia involves, besides skin tightening, the repositioning of anatomical, apparent landmarks. The surgeon usually defines these during the preoperative planning. In particular, the positions of the nipple-areola complexes (NAC) should contribute to the gender-appropriate appearance. While in the female breast numerous methods have been developed to determine the optimal position of the NACs, there are only a few, metric and often impractical algorithms for positioning the nipples and areoles in the male...
July 19, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725128/quality-of-communication-between-dentists-and-dental-laboratory-technicians-for-fixed-prosthodontics-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#17
Huda Tulbah, Eman AlHamdan, Amal AlQahtani, Asma AlShahrani, Mona AlShaye
The fabrication of a clinically acceptable dental prosthesis requires proper communication between the dentist and the dental technician. Prosthodontic educators have been concerned with this interaction and communication. Fixed prosthodontics laboratories revealed that the technicians are often dissatisfied with the information provided in work authorizations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of communication between dentists and laboratory technicians via work authorizations for fixed prosthodontics in both governmental and private dental laboratories in Riyadh area from the technician's perspective...
July 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722172/intentional-learning-a-concept-analysis
#18
Sarah Mollman, Lori Candela
AIM: To use a concept analysis to determine a clear definition of the term "intentional learning" for use in nursing. BACKGROUND: The term intentional learning has been used for years in educational, business, and even nursing literature. It has been used to denote processes leading to higher order thinking and the ability to use knowledge in new situations; both of which are important skills to develop in nursing students. But the lack of a common, accepted definition of the term makes it difficult for nurse educators to base instruction and learning experiences on or to evaluate its overall effectiveness in educating students for diverse, fast-paced clinical practices...
July 19, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721085/ambulatory-and-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-gaps-between-clinical-guidelines-and-clinical-practice-in-singapore
#19
Sajita Setia, Kannan Subramaniam, Boon Wee Teo, Jam Chin Tay
PURPOSE: Out-of-office blood pressure (BP) measurements (home blood pressure monitoring [HBPM] and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring [ABPM]) provide important additional information for effective hypertension detection and management decisions. Therefore, out-of-office BP measurement is now recommended by several international guidelines. This study evaluated the practice and uptake of HBPM and ABPM among physicians from Singapore. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of physicians from Singapore was surveyed between 8 September and 5 October 2016...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721020/access-to-credible-information-on-schizophrenia-patients-medication-adherence-by-prescribers-can-change-their-treatment-strategies-evidence-from-an-online-survey-of-providers
#20
Jason Shafrin, Suepattra G May, Anshu Shrestha, Charles Ruetsch, Nicole Gerlanc, Felicia Forma, Ainslie Hatch, Darius N Lakdawalla, Jean-Pierre Lindenmayer
OBJECTIVE: Overestimating patients' medication adherence diminishes the ability of psychiatric care providers to prescribe the most effective treatment and to identify the root causes of treatment resistance in schizophrenia. This study was conducted to determine how credible patient drug adherence information (PDAI) might change prescribers' treatment decisions. METHODS: In an online survey containing 8 clinical case vignettes describing patients with schizophrenia, health care practitioners who prescribe antipsychotics to patients with schizophrenia were instructed to choose a preferred treatment recommendation from a set of predefined pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic options...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
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