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Endovenous radiofrequency

Sharath Chandra Vikram Paravastu, Margaret Horne, P Dominic F Dodd
BACKGROUND: Short (or small) saphenous vein (SSV) varices occur as a result of an incompetent sapheno-popliteal junction, where the SSV joins the popliteal vein, resulting in reflux in the SSV; they account for about 15% of varicose veins. Untreated varicose veins may sometimes lead to ulceration of the leg, which is difficult to manage. Traditionally, treatment was restricted to surgery or conservative management. Since the 1990s, however, a number of minimally invasive techniques have been developed; these do not normally require a general anaesthetic, are day-case procedures with a quicker return to normal activities and avoid the risk of wound infection which may occur following surgery...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Luca Spinedi, Heiko Uthoff, Sasan Partovi, Daniel Staub
Varicose veins of the lower extremity (VVLE) are a frequently encountered vascular disorder in the general population. The general view that VVLE are a non-serious disease with primarily aesthetic impact is a common misconception, as the disease can have a significant negative impact on generic and disease-specific quality of life. Further, VVLE may be associated with potentially threatening clinical conditions, such as chronic venous ulceration, venous thromboembolism and haemorrhage from ruptured varicose veins...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
Kathleen Gibson, Neil Khilnani, Marlin Schul, Mark Meissner
The American College of Phlebology Guidelines Committee performed a systematic review of the literature regarding the clinical impact and treatment of incompetent accessory saphenous veins. Using an accepted process for guideline developments, we developed a consensus opinion that patients with symptomatic incompetence of the accessory great saphenous veins (anterior and posterior accessory saphenous veins) be treated with endovenous thermal ablation (laser or radiofrequency) or ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy to eliminate symptomatology (Recommendation Grade 1C)...
October 13, 2016: Phlebology
Stefan Nydahl
Modern management of varicose veins Chronic venous disease is a common medical condition and occurs in about one-third of the adult population. Reflux, and to a much lesser extent obstruction of the superficial and deep venous systems, generates venous hypertension. The goal of the treatment is to reduce venous hypertension in order to prevent complications, progression of venous disease and to improve patients' quality of life. Today we have a wide spectrum of different treatment options at our disposal. Management is based upon accurate clinical diagnosis and duplex imaging...
October 4, 2016: Läkartidningen
Witold Woźniak, R Krzysztof Mlosek, Piotr Ciostek
INTRODUCTION: Thermal ablation techniques have gradually replaced Babcock procedure in varicose vein treatment. AIM: A comparative quantitative-qualitative analysis of complications and failure of endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in a 5-year follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred ten adult participants with varicose veins clinical grade C2 to C6, treated for isolated great saphenous vein (GSV) or small saphenous vein (SSV) insufficiency in a single lower extremity in 2009 to 2010, were enrolled and subdivided into EVLA (n = 56) and RFA (n = 54) groups...
October 2016: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Anina Lukhaup
Minimally invasive endovenous therapies for treatment of varicosis are a well established alternative to the classical surgical approach. Based on an example of radiofrequency ablation (Venefit(®)) of the great saphenous vein and foam sclerotherapy of the side branches this article shows the step-by-step implementation of the procedure. Tips and tricks for starters with the procedure are given.
September 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Diego Ayo, Sheila N Blumberg, Caron R Rockman, Mikel Sadek, Neal Cayne, Mark Adelman, Lowell Kabnick, Thomas Maldonado, Todd Berland
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to determine if compression therapy after endovenous ablation (EVA) of the great saphenous vein (GSV) improves efficacy and patient reported outcomes of pain, ecchymosis and quality of life. METHODS: This was a prospective randomized controlled trial from 2009 to 2013 comparing the use of thigh-high 30-40mmHg compression therapy for 7 days vs no compression therapy following endovenous ablation of the GSV. Severity of venous disease was measured by CEAP scale and the venous clinical severity score (VCSS)...
August 20, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Malcolm Sydnor, John Mavropoulos, Natalia Slobodnik, Luke Wolfe, Brian Strife, Daniel Komorowski
PURPOSE: To compare the short- and long-term (>1 year) efficacy and safety of radiofrequency ablation (ClosureFAST™) versus endovenous laser ablation (980 nm diode laser) for the treatment of superficial venous insufficiency of the great saphenous vein. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred patients with superficial venous insufficiency of the great saphenous vein were randomized to receive either radiofrequency ablation or endovenous laser ablation (and simultaneous adjunctive therapies for surface varicosities when appropriate)...
July 15, 2016: Phlebology
P O E Nelzén, J Skoog, C Lassvik, T Länne, H Zachrisson
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: To evaluate whether the outcome of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) treatment of great saphenous vein (GSV) incompetence may be predicted using strain-gauge plethysmography (SGP) with selective occlusion of the superficial venous system. METHODS: Seventeen patients (20 limbs) underwent endovenous RFA treatment for GSV incompetence (Clinical Etiology Anatomy Pathophysiology classification C2-C5; "C-group"). Duplex ultrasound (DUS) and SGP were performed with selective occlusion of superficial veins before and after RFA...
September 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Hyeong Yong Jin, Haeng Jin Ohe, Jeong Kye Hwang, Sang Dong Kim, Jang Yong Kim, Sun Cheol Park, Ji Il Kim, Yong Sung Won, Sang Seob Yun, In Sung Moon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Endovenous treatment is increasingly supplanting open surgery for the treatment of varicose veins. Among emerging endovenous techniques, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) with a ClosureFast catheter is popular in Korea. The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy and patient-reported outcomes of RFA of varicose veins. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of a prospectively registered database of patients who underwent RFA for varicose veins from 2012 to 2013 in St...
July 1, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
Sanja Schuller-Petrovic
In the past 15 years, the minimally invasive endovenous treatments of varicose veins have been widely accepted. The efficacy of the different endovenous methods and the minimal post operative side effects are meanwhile well documented in a large number of evidence based publications. The recent NICE Guidelines (2013) considering the varicose vein treatment recommend in case of an insufficiency of saphenous veins first the endovenous thermal ablation with radiofrequency or laser, then the ultrasound guided sclerotherapy and as the third line the classic surgical treatment with stripping and high ligation...
June 2016: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
Tristan Lane, Roshan Bootun, Brahman Dharmarajah, Chung S Lim, Mojahid Najem, Sophie Renton, Kaji Sritharan, Alun H Davies
BACKGROUND: Endovenous thermal ablation has revolutionised varicose vein treatment. New non-thermal techniques such as mechanical occlusion chemically assisted endovenous ablation (MOCA) allow treatment of entire trunks with single anaesthetic injections. Previous non-randomised work has shown reduced pain post-operatively with MOCA. This study presents a multi-centre randomised controlled trial assessing the difference in pain during truncal ablation using MOCA and radiofrequency endovenous ablation (RFA) with six months' follow-up...
May 24, 2016: Phlebology
Daniela P Mazzaccaro, Silvia Stegher, Maria Teresa Occhiuto, Lorenzo Muzzarelli, Giovanni Malacrida, Giovanni Nano
AIM: Less invasive techniques such as foam sclerotherapy, endovenous laser or radiofrequency ablation have recently been introduced as a valid alternative to surgery for the treatment of varicose veins (VVs). We retrospectively reviewed our experience in the treatment of VVs with particular attention to how our therapeutic approach has changed over the last years. MATERIAL OF STUDY: Data of all patients consecutively treated from September 1st 2013 to July 31st 2015 for both primitive and recurrent VVs were retrospectively collected and analyzed...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Renata Balint, Akos Farics, Krisztina Parti, Laszlo Vizsy, Jozsef Batorfi, Gabor Menyhei, Istvan B Balint
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review article was to evaluate the long-term technical success rates of the known endovenous ablation procedures in the treatment of the incompetence of the great saphenous vein. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in the PubMed-database until the 5 January 2016. All publications with four to five years follow-up were eligible. Meta-analysis was performed by the IVhet-model. RESULTS: Eight hundred and sixty-two unique publications were found; 17 of them were appropriate for meta-analysis...
April 28, 2016: Vascular
S K Van der Velden, M Lawaetz, M G R De Maeseneer, L Hollestein, T Nijsten, R R van den Bos
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The objective was to identify predictors to develop and validate a prognostic model of recanalization of the great saphenous vein (GSV) in patients treated with endovenous thermal ablation (EVTA). METHODS: The search strategy of Siribumrungwong was updated between August 2011 and August 2014 using MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane register to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs), in which patients presenting with GSV reflux were treated with radiofrequency or endovenous laser ablation...
August 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Jaime Benarroch-Gampel, Kristin M Sheffield, Casey A Boyd, Taylor S Riall, Lois A Killewich
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolic events after saphenous vein ablation procedures for varicose veins have been reported. Current knowledge of these events is based on single-institution studies or studies with small numbers of patients. METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database (2005-2009) was used to identify 3874 patients who underwent radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) of the saphenous veins with or without stab phlebectomy...
January 2013: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Brian J Santin, Joanne M Lohr, Thomas W Panke, Patrick M Neville, Melissa M Felinski, Brian A Kuhn, Matthew H Recht, Patrick E Muck
OBJECTIVE: Superficial venous reflux disease has been treated with endovenous ablation techniques for more than 15 years. Thrombi discovered in the postoperative period are referred to as endovenous heat-induced thrombi (EHIT). In spite of the few studies of the ultrasound differentiation between EHIT and deep vein thrombi (DVT), there remains a paucity of literature regarding the evaluation of ultrasound examination and pathologic differentiation. METHODS: Six Yorkshire cross swine underwent femoral vein thrombosis by suture ligation or endovenous radiofrequency ablation...
April 2015: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Thomas F O'Donnell, Michael Eaddy, Aditya Raju, Kimberly Boswell, David Wright
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study assessed varicose vein treatment patterns and associated thrombotic complications in a real-world setting. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted with health care claims data from Truven Health, covering more than 40 million insured lives per year and representing all U.S. census regions. The study sample included subjects aged ≥ 18 years with a new diagnosis of varicose veins who had received at least one invasive treatment (eg, surgery, endovenous thermal ablation [radiofrequency or laser], or sclerotherapy [liquid or foam])...
January 2015: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Shaun M Gifford, Manju Kalra, Peter Gloviczki, Audra A Duncan, Gustavo S Oderich, Mark D Fleming, Scott Harmsen, Thomas C Bower
BACKGROUND: Intervention on the great saphenous vein (GSV) has traditionally been limited to the above-knee (AK-GSV) segment for fear of saphenous neuralgia in spite of incompetence demonstrated in the below-knee (BK-GSV) segment. Residual symptoms and need for reintervention are reported to result in nearly half the patients if the refluxing BK-GSV is ignored. Experience with endovenous ablation of the BK-GSV at the time of AK-GSV treatment is sparsely reported in the literature. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of endovenous ablation of the refluxing BK-GSV...
October 2014: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Judith C Lin, David R Nerenz, Pauline Migliore, Robert Young, Alexander D Shepard, W Douglas Weaver
BACKGROUND: Due to its clinical efficacy and faster recovery, endovenous catheter ablation has become the treatment of choice over surgical intervention for patients with varicose veins secondary to saphenous vein reflux. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of costs was performed on patients undergoing vein stripping, endovenous radiofrequency ablation (RFA), endovenous laser treatment (EVLT), and phlebectomy of varicosities at a community hospital and a tertiary care hospital in southeastern Michigan...
January 2014: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
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