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Osteoporosis exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717334/osteoporosis-knowledge-among-future-healthcare-practitioners-findings-from-a-malaysian-public-university
#1
Mohamed Hassan Elnaem, Shazia Qasim Jamshed, Ramadan Mohamed Elkalmi, Muhammad Farhan Baharuddin, Muhammad Afif Johari, Nur Ashikin Binti Ab Aziz, Siti Farhanah Binti Ahmad Sabri, Nur Akmal Binti Ismail
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Students in relevant health-care academic programs are the future professionals who should play an active role in increasing community awareness regarding chronic diseases such as osteoporosis. This research aimed to evaluate the knowledge of osteoporosis, one of the growing health-care burdens in Malaysia, among students belong to three different health occupations programs in a Malaysian University. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was conducted to assess the level of knowledge on osteoporosis and to explore the potential association between the study program and osteoporosis-related knowledge among medicine, pharmacy, and allied health sciences students in a Malaysian University...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714404/current-and-emerging-strategies-in-osteoporosis-management
#2
Stefka Ivanova, Liliya Vasileva
The abnormal loss of bone tissue is defined as osteoporosis. Increased risk of fractures, low bone mineral density (BMD) and loss of the structural and biomechanical properties of the bone tissue characterize this pathological condition. Physiologically bone undergoes a continuous remodeling process involving balance between the activity of osteoblast and osteoclast. Disruption in this balanced condition increases the risk of osteoporosis. Both sexes are affected, but with higher prevalence in women after menopause...
July 14, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706360/osteoporosis-prevention-and-management
#3
Muralidhar V Pai
Osteoporosis, defined by BMD at the hip or lumbar spine that is less than or equal to 2.5 standard deviations below the mean BMD of a young-adult reference population, is the most common bone disease in humans affecting both sexes and all races. It's a silent killer affecting the quality of life due to fractures and postural changes. In osteoporosis there is an imbalance between bone formation and bone resorption in favor of latter. Preventive measures and treatments are available to combat this evil. Counseling is the integral part of prevention as well as treatment of osteoporosis...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695804/effects-of-enhanced-exercise-and-combined-vitamin-d-and-calcium-supplementation-on-muscle-strength-and-fracture-risk-in-postmenopausal-chinese-women
#4
Yu Xue, Yingying Hu, Ou Wang, Chunyan Wang, Guiyan Han, Qiang Shen, Hongyue Deng, Yan Jiang, Mei Li, Weibo Xia, Xiaoping Xing, Ling Xu
Objective To observe the effects of enhanced exercise and combined vitamin D and calcium supplementation on muscular strength and fracture occurrence in postmenopausal women with a high risk of osteoporosis.Methods Totally 614 postmenopausal women at high risk factors of osteoporosis were enrolled in Dongcheng district of Beijing and randomized into four groups:group A(control group,n=173),group B(regular Tai Chi exercise,n=171),group C(calcium 600 mg/d+VitD3 800 U/d,n=139),and group D[calcium 600 mg/d+25 hydroxyl vitamin D(25OHD) 0...
June 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688497/theory-based-osteoporosis-prevention-education-and-counseling-program-for-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Aslı Kalkım, Şafak Dağhan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of an osteoporosis prevention program based on the Health Belief Model for women between the ages of 30 years and 45 years at risk of osteoporosis. METHODS: This study was conducted with randomized control group pretest, post-test and follow-up trial. Intervention group (n = 37) and control group (n = 36) participated in the research. Data were collected using a sociodemographic data questionnaire, the Osteoporosis Knowledge Test, the Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale, the Osteoporosis Self-efficacy Scale, a monitoring form for estimated dairy calcium intake, and a monitoring form for estimated weekly exercise...
June 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649630/towards-human-exploration-of-space-the-theseus-review-series-on-muscle-and-bone-research-priorities
#6
Thomas Lang, Jack J W A Van Loon, Susan Bloomfield, Laurence Vico, Angele Chopard, Joern Rittweger, Antonios Kyparos, Dieter Blottner, Ilkka Vuori, Rupert Gerzer, Peter R Cavanagh
Without effective countermeasures, the musculoskeletal system is altered by the microgravity environment of long-duration spaceflight, resulting in atrophy of bone and muscle tissue, as well as in deficits in the function of cartilage, tendons, and vertebral disks. While inflight countermeasures implemented on the International Space Station have evidenced reduction of bone and muscle loss on low-Earth orbit missions of several months in length, important knowledge gaps must be addressed in order to develop effective strategies for managing human musculoskeletal health on exploration class missions well beyond Earth orbit...
2017: NPJ Microgravity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642855/knowledge-on-osteoporosis-among-nurses
#7
Chan-Ho Park, Young-Kyun Lee, Kyung-Hoi Koo
BACKGROUND: It is crystal clear how important healthcare providers are well-aware of reasonable knowledge on osteoporosis, because they are at the forefront of such management. However, no study has been yet assessed in the knowledge on osteoporosis among healthcare providers particularly in nurse. Therefore, we evaluated the knowledge on osteoporosis of nurses. METHODS: In April 2017, 67 nurses were evaluated using a modified Facts on Osteoporosis Quiz (FOOQ). RESULTS: Although nurses grasped some points of osteoporosis, their knowledge was insufficient concerning effects of weight, physical exercise and calcium intake during adolescence...
May 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639157/exercise-for-improving-bone-health-in-women-treated-for-stages-i-iii-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#8
REVIEW
Canan P Fornusek, Sharon L Kilbreath
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of exercise, either alone or in combination with other interventions, compared to a control, for the preservation of bone mineral density (BMD) in early breast cancer (BC) patients. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted to identify randomized or quasi-randomized trials which met inclusion criteria including prescribed exercise for ≥12 months. Ten publications from seven randomized controlled trials (RCTs), involving 1199 participants, were identified...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611110/the-liftmor-m-lifting-intervention-for-training-muscle-and-osteoporosis-rehabilitation-for-men-trial-protocol-for-a-semirandomised-controlled-trial-of-supervised-targeted-exercise-to-reduce-risk-of-osteoporotic-fracture-in-older-men-with-low-bone-mass
#9
Amy T Harding, Benjamin K Weeks, Steven L Watson, Belinda R Beck
INTRODUCTION: The primary aim of the proposed study is to examine the efficacy of an 8-month supervised, high-intensity progressive resistance training and impact loading programme in comparison with a supervised machine-based isometric exercise training programme using the bioDensity system in older men with low bone mass. We will also determine the safety and acceptability of each exercise training mode. Intervention group responses will be compared with those of a self-selected, non-randomised control sample of sex-matched and age-matched men who will follow their usual lifestyle activities for 8 months...
June 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586603/evaluating-the-risk-of-osteoporosis-through-bone-mass-density
#10
Sayeeda Amber Sayed, Asif Khaliq, Ashar Mahmood
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a bone disorder, characterized by loss of bone mass density. Osteoporosis affects more than 30% of post-menopausal women. Osteoporosis is often associated with restricted body movement, pain and joint deformities. Early identification and early intervention can help in reducing these complications. The primary objective of this study was to estimate the burden of Osteoporosis in Urban setting of Sindh among women of different age groups and to access the effect of different protective measures that can reduce the risk of Osteoporosis...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580396/combined-aerobic-and-resistance-training-improves-bone-health-of-female-cancer-survivors
#11
Hawley C Almstedt, Silvie Grote, Joshua R Korte, Stephanie Perez Beaudion, Todd C Shoepe, Sarah Strand, Heather P Tarleton
INTRODUCTION: Cancer pathogenesis and resulting treatment may lead to bone loss and poor skeletal health in survivorship. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the influence of 26 weeks of combined aerobic and resistance-training (CART) exercise on bone mineral density (BMD) in a multi-racial sample of female cancer survivors. METHODS: Twenty-six female cancer survivors volunteered to undergo CART for 1 h/day, 3 days/week, for 26 weeks. The Improving Physical Activity After Cancer Treatment (IMPAACT) Program involves supervised group exercise sessions including 20 min of cardiorespiratory training, 25 min of circuit-style resistance-training, and 15 min of abdominal exercises and stretching...
December 2016: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578545/modifiable-lifestyle-factors-associated-with-osteoporosis-in-korean-men-a-case-control-study
#12
Kye-Yeung Park, Hwan-Sik Hwang, Hoon-Ki Park
The prevention, education, and treatment of osteoporosis are all recognized as important components in men as well as women. This study revealed that the lifestyle factors associated with male osteoporosis included being underweight and being a current smoker. Being overweight or obese and having a regular exercise habit were negatively associated with male osteoporosis. PURPOSE: Osteoporosis is a significant health problem in Korea and worldwide. Although osteoporosis is less prevalent in males than in females, the fracture-related mortality rate is higher in males than in females...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569124/low-bone-mineral-density-is-associated-with-breast-cancer-in-postmenopausal-women-a-case-control-study
#13
P Ferreira Poloni, H De Luca Vespoli, B de Sousa Almeida-Filho, F Bueloni-Dias, J Nahas-Neto, E Aguiar Petri Nahas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate risk factors for low bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal breast cancer survivors compared with postmenopausal women without breast cancer (controls). METHOD: In this study, 112 breast cancer survivors were compared to 224 women (controls). Inclusion criteria were amenorrhea ≥12 months, age 45-75 years, treated for breast cancer, and metastasis-free for at least 5 years. The control group consisted of women without breast cancer, matched by age and menopause status (in a proportion of 1: 2 as sample calculation)...
June 1, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552413/microfluidic-co-culture-platform-for-investigating-osteocyte-osteoclast-signalling-during-fluid-shear-stress-mechanostimulation
#14
K Middleton, S Al-Dujaili, X Mei, A Günther, L You
Bone cells exist in a complex environment where they are constantly exposed to numerous dynamic biochemical and mechanical stimuli. These stimuli regulate bone cells that are involved in various bone disorders, such as osteoporosis. Knowledge of how these stimuli affect bone cells have been utilised to develop various treatments, such as pharmaceuticals, hormone therapy, and exercise. To investigate the role that bone loading has on these disorders in vitro, bone cell mechanotransduction studies are typically performed using parallel plate flow chambers (PPFC)...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540650/awareness-of-osteoporosis-in-a-polytechnic-in-enugu-south-east-nigeria
#15
R Njeze Ngozi, Obi Ikechukwu, Ajuba Miriam, Agwu-Umahi Olanike, D Akpagbula Ulugo, C Njeze Nneze
This study aims to determine the awareness of osteoporosis and factors that determine awareness of osteoporosis. Results showed that osteoporosis awareness was associated with age (p = 0.006) and occupation (p < 0.001) but not gender, marital status, and level of education. There is therefore need for educational interventions to improve awareness of osteoporosis. INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis is a bone disease in which the bone becomes porous, brittle, and more susceptible to fracture...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527105/association-between-lumbar-bone-mineral-density-and-serum-uric-acid-in-postmenopausal-women-a-cross-sectional-study-of-healthy-chinese-population
#16
Wen Han, Xiaojuan Bai, Nan Wang, Lulu Han, Xuefeng Sun, Xiangmei Chen
Partial correlation and regression analyses were used in this study. We showed that there is a linear relationship between bone mineral density and serum uric acid within the normal physiologic range, and higher serum uric acid levels had a protective effect on bone loss in postmenopausal osteoporosis. PURPOSE: The significance of the relationship between lumbar bone mineral density (()BMD) and serum uric acid (SUA) levels is unclear. The aims of this study were to investigate on a population-level the association between lumbar BMD and SUA within the normal physiologic range and to determine whether SUA plays a protective role in bone loss in healthy postmenopausal Chinese women...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505102/bone-protective-effects-of-dried-plum-in-postmenopausal-women-efficacy-and-possible-mechanisms
#17
REVIEW
Bahram H Arjmandi, Sarah A Johnson, Shirin Pourafshar, Negin Navaei, Kelli S George, Shirin Hooshmand, Sheau C Chai, Neda S Akhavan
Osteoporosis is an age-related chronic disease characterized by a loss of bone mass and quality, and is associated with an increased risk of fragility fractures. Postmenopausal women are at the greatest risk of developing osteoporosis due to the cessation in ovarian hormone production, which causes accelerated bone loss. As the demographic shifts to a more aged population, a growing number of postmenopausal women will be afflicted with osteoporosis. Certain lifestyle factors, including nutrition and exercise, are known to reduce the risk of developing osteoporosis and therefore play an important role in bone health...
May 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480097/depression-anxiety-and-stress-symptoms-in-menopausal-arab-women-shedding-more-light-on-a-complex-relationship
#18
A Bener, N M Saleh, A Bakir, D Bhugra
BACKGROUND: The association between depression, anxiety, and stress among Arab menopause and postmenopausal women have been explored in detailed. AIM: The objective of this study was to determine the correlation between depression, anxiety, and stress in menopausal and postmenopausal women and shedding more light on a complex relationship. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was used to generate menopause symptoms experienced by Arabian women at the primary health care centers in Qatar...
July 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474171/disruption-of-the-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-2-gene-results-in-no-increase-in-trabecular-bone-mass-due-to-skeletal-loading-in-association-with-impaired-cell-cycle-regulation-through-p21-expression-in-the-bone-marrow-cells-of-mice
#19
Kayoko Furukawa Okuma, Kunitaka Menuki, Manabu Tsukamoto, Takafumi Tajima, Hokuto Fukuda, Yasuaki Okada, Toshiharu Mori, Takuto Tsuchiya, Toshihiro Kawamoto, Yasuhiro Yoshida, Soshi Uchida, Akinori Sakai
Approximately 45% of people of East Asian descent have the inactive aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) phenotype. The enzyme defect of ALDH2 has been found to adversely influence the risk of osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of skeletal loading on trabecular bone structure and dynamics in Aldh2-disrupted mice in the absence of alcohol consumption. Four-week-old male Aldh2(-/-) (KO) and Aldh2(+/+) (WT) mice were divided into a ground control (GC) group and a climbing exercise (CE) group in each genotype...
May 4, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464798/the-effects-of-low-repetition-and-light-load-power-training-on-bone-mineral-density-in-postmenopausal-women-with-sarcopenia-a-pilot-study
#20
Kanako Hamaguchi, Toshiyuki Kurihara, Masahiro Fujimoto, Motoyuki Iemitsu, Koji Sato, Takafumi Hamaoka, Kiyoshi Sanada
BACKGROUND: Age-related reduction in bone mineral density (BMD) is generally accelerated in women after menopause, and could be even more pronounced in individuals with sarcopenia. Light-load power training with a low number of repetitions would increase BMD, significantly reducing bone loss in individuals at risk of osteoporosis. This study investigated the effects of low-repetition, light-load power training on BMD in Japanese postmenopausal women with sarcopenia. METHODS: The training group (n = 7) followed a progressive power training protocol that increased the load with a weighted vest, for two sessions per week, over the course of 6 weeks...
May 2, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
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