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Alessandro Antonelli, Andrea Mari, Nicola Longo, Giacomo Novara, Francesco Porpiglia, Riccardo Schiavina, Vincenzo Ficarra, Marco Carini, Andrea Minervini
PURPOSE: We sought to determine the predictors of short-term and long-term renal function impairment after partial nephrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data on 769 consecutive patients who underwent partial nephrectomy were prospectively recorded at a total of 19 urological Italian centers from 2009 to 2012 in the RECORd 1 (Italian Registry of Conservative Renal Surgery) Project. We extracted clinical data on 708 of these patients who were alive, free of recurrent disease and with a minimum 2-year functional followup...
April 2018: Journal of Urology
Emine Aydin, Ozgur Ozyuncu, Dila Kasapoglu, Gokcen Orgul, Necla Ozer, Murat Yurdakok, M Sinan Beksac
AIM: To evaluate the pregnancy outcomes of women with heart disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 383 pregnant women with cardiac diseases were examined. The cases were classified according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification. The distribution of the cases according to class, congenital heart diseases, mean birthweight, mean gestational week at delivery, type of delivery [cesarean section (CS) or vaginal delivery], and cardivascular events (during pregnancy and puerperium) were evaluated...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Pedro J Tárraga López, F J Garcia-Norro Herreros, Loreto Tárraga Marcos, Juan Solera Albero, Esteban González López, Antonio Ruiz García, Vicente Pallarés Carratalá, José Luis Castro Navarro, Josep Alins Presas, Josefa María Panisello Royo
INTRODUCTION: Hypercholesterolemia is a major modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Its reduction reduces morbidity and mortality from ischemic heart disease and CVD in general, primary prevention and secondary prevention especially. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a notarized and intensive clinical practice can overcome inertia and achieve the therapeutic goal (OT) LDL-C <100 mg / dL in high-risk patients attended in Primary Care (PC) in our country...
May 1, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
E Koseoglu, M F Yetkin, F Ugur, M Bilgen
This review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the literature on the use of exercise for migraine treatment with regard to its efficacy, mechanism of action and role in practice. Many randomized studies have reported the efficacy of prophylactic treatment of migrane with medications such as beta blockers or antiepileptic drugs. Studies on alternative approaches, like aerobic exercise and biofeedback, are however limited but also considered to be effective. Scientific databases were searched with keywords "exercise" and "migraine"...
September 2015: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Mária Tünde Magyar
One of the less well-documented, potentially modifiable stroke risk factor is the obstructive sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea increases cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, including stroke risk. The article summarizes the pathophysiological factors in sleep apnea syndrome which can increase stroke risk.
April 20, 2014: Orvosi Hetilap
Osama Safder, Shafiqa Al sharif, Jameela A Kari
Children and adolescents with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at high risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. This review provides a comprehensive overview of the possible risk factors for early atherosclerosis in children with CKD. Endothelial dysfunction, a precursor of atherosclerosis, starts early in renal disease, as indicated by increased carotid artery intima media thickness, carotid arterial wall stiffness, impaired flow mediated dilatation, and coronary artery calcification, which are frequently present in children with CKD...
2014: Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders Drug Targets
H S Füessl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2013: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
Enes Slatina, Sead Dizdarević, Miralem Musić
The coronary illness is the first cause of death and falling ill in the world. It is considered that, in more than 50% of cases, it is about the illnesses of heart and blood vessels as the cause of death. These results indicate the necessity to prevent and to treat correctly the persons suffering from cardivascular illnesses. The coronary illness represents the ischaemia myocardium as the consequence of reduced blood flow through the coronary arteries (one or more branches). There are more and more young persons suffering from this illness...
2009: Lijec̆nic̆ki Vjesnik
Ana Mandra, Dusica Simić, Vesna Stevanović, Djordje Ugrinović, Vesna Skodrić, Nevena Kalezić
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a risk factor for development of intraoperative and postoperative pulmonary complications. Regarding the type and the extent of surgical procedure, patients with COPD are at risk of aggravation of pulmonary function which leads to complicated perioperative course. In order to reduce perioperative complications, preoperative evaluation and preoperative patient preparation are of great importance. Goals of preoperative preparation and anesthesia in patients with COPD are maintaining ventilation-perfusion ratio, preventing development of hipoxemia, intraoperative brochospasm, pneumothorax and disturbances of cardivascular system...
2011: Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica
Alfredo Del Giaccio, Antonio Eblen-Zajjur
Calcium channel blockers, beta adrenergic receptor blockers and Na/K ATPase inhibitors are widely used drugs, mainly for cardiovascular diseases. Their pharmacological targets are not restricted to the cardivascular tissue, nociceptive system structures also express similar targets, which strongly suggests a direct effect on pain sensation. To evaluate the pain intensity changes in outpatient groups, who receive these drugs as a therapy, a cross-sectional sampled, randomized patient groups receiving the calcium channel blocker amlodipine for blood hypertension (n=45), beta adrenergic receptor blockers (propranolol, atenolol or pindolol; n=40) for blood hypertension, or digoxin (n=40) for heart failure, were compared to an aparently healthy volunteers control group (n=60)...
March 2010: Investigación Clínica
Chi Yuen Chan, Pui Wai Lee, Yat-Yin Lam, Wilson Wai-Man Chan, Ka Tak Wong, Cheuk-Man Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2009: Circulation
Małgorzata Dzielska-Olczak
NSAIDs contain nonselective cyclooksygenase inhibitors (for COX-1 and COX-2), inhibitors to the preferential COX-2, the coxibs (sulphonamides, methylsulphones, phenylacethic acid derivatives) with 1000 fold selectivities for COX-2. COX-2 enzyme isoform are constitutively expressed in normal gastric tissue in animals and humans, in the cardiovascular system, renal, central nervous system and other. COX-2 is involved in the ischemic preconditioning mechanism and sulphones have a prooxidant activity. COX-2 inhibitors increased risk for thrombotic cardiovascular events...
December 2007: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Ole Frøbert, Pernille Holmager, Ken Michael Jensen, Erik Berg Schmidt, Ulf Simonsen
OBJECTIVE: Oxygen-dependent changes in vascular diameters may be detrimental when the endothelium is dysfunctional. DESIGN: Endothelial responsiveness was evaluated by brachial ultrasound and flow-mediated/nitroglycerin-mediated dilation (FMD/NMD). FMD/NMD was investigated in males with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (mean age 44+/-2 years, n=10) and matched controls without risk factors (44+/-2 years, n=10). FMD/NMD was assessed during normoxia (21% O2, 79% N2), while inhaling hypoxic gas (12...
February 2008: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
Zerrin Sungur Ulke, Mert Sentürk
Thoracic epidural anaesthesia is selected usually to provide adequate postoperative analgesia; however with administration of local anaesthetics to epidural space selective sympatolysis ensues. The effects of this transient sympathectomy on cardivascular, respiratory and other systems deserve certainly some interest as it may influence postoperative morbidity or mortality. Thoracic epidural anaesthesia has succesfully been used in cardiac, thoracic and major abdominal surgery. It provides dynamic analgesia, rapid mobilization, blunted stress response, early extubation with reduced pulmonary complications and also rapid recovery of bowel function...
April 2007: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
Akos Kalina
Low HDL cholesterol level is an independent risk factor in the cardivascular diseases and the therapeutic aim is to increase this. In high risk patients (cardiovascular disease-, diabetic- or metabolic syndrome patients), the target value of HDL cholesterol is more than 1,0 mmol/l in males and 1,3 mmol/l in females. The PPARalpha receptor activity has an expressed impact on the HDL cholesterol metabolism. It has been proved that in addition to fibrates, statins also influence its functioning. Simvastatin, as compared to atorvastatin, increases the HDL cholesterol level in a better way which positive effect has also been proved by the clinical trials...
November 26, 2006: Orvosi Hetilap
P Jerie
The analgesic and antipyretic effect of the bark of willow has been known in Egypt and Greece for canturies. The modem era of salicylates starts with a letter sent 1758 by Reverend Edward Stone to The Royal Society in London. He described "an account of the success of the bark of willow in the cure of agues". His report. erroneously attributed to Edmond Stone. was published five years later. The active ingredient of willow bark. "salicine". was first isolated 1828 by Joseph Buchner, then by Henri Leroux, and also prepared from the oil of wintergreen (Gaultheria) and meadowsweet (Spirea ulmaria) by J...
2006: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
Zdenĕk Zadák, Radomír Hyspler, Alena Tichá, Dagmar Solichová, Vladimír Bláha, Bohuslav Melichar
The objective of this work was to review nutritional components of the Mediterranean diet. The Mediterranean diet is not a specific diet plan or diet program but a collection of eating habits that are traditionally followed by the people of the Mediterranean region. There are at least 16 countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea and food habits vary between these countries according to culture, ethnic background and religion. The Mediterranean diet, containing olive oil, fish, fruits and vegetable is associated with a low rate of cardivascular and cancer diseases...
2006: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
R Gürlich, J Novotný, I Stríz, E Honsová, M Oliverius, L Janousek, E Pokorná, P Maruna
Improvements in immunosuppressive therapy during the past decade brought about improvements of the long term tolerance of organ allografts. However, the long-term immunosuppressive therapy has an important limitation, because it can increase the risk of cardivascular diseases, infections and tumors. As compared with age-matched healthy population, organ-transplant recipients have an increased incidence of tumors.
2005: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
L M Saarkoppel', O P Rushkevich, V A Kir'iakov, E L Sineva, D P Kazantsev
Miners of basic professions employed in contemporary metal mining industry are exposed to a range of industrial factors, such as vibration, noise, dustiness, and unfavorable microclimate. Long-term exposure to these factors is hazardous to their health, which is manifested by elevated general and occupational morbidity and a higher rate of biological aging. This is most typical of Far North miners, who are exposed to the combination of the industrial factors and extremal climate and geographic conditions. Research into the health status of miners engaged to underground works and open excavations in regions with contrasting climate and geographic conditions, allowed determination of main industrial risk factors (vibration and noise), leading occupational diseases and groups of high risk of their development (according to the occupation and the length of service)...
2005: Vestnik Rossiĭskoĭ Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1962: Atti Della Società Italiana di Cardiologia
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