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infection renal transplant

Gaye Ulubay, Ebru Ayvazoglu Soy, Irem Serifoglu, Fisun Sozen, Gokhan Moray, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Despite improved success with solid-organ transplant procedures, recipients remain at risk for infections, including pneumonia, due to their immunosuppressive regimens. In solid-organ transplant patients, clinical findings of pneumonia can be nonspecific, and diagnosis of pneumonia may be difficult as several conditions (drug lung, hypervolemia, infections, hemorrhage) can led to pulmonary infiltrates, mimicking pneumonia in these patients. The role of mean platelet volume, a predictor of inflammatory disease, with elevated values inversely correlated with inflammatory problems, in the diagnosis of pneumonia has not yet been investigated in solid-organ transplant patients...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Dorina Esendagli, Irem Serifoglu, Serife Savas Bozbas, Merih Tepeoglu, Sule Akcay, Mehmet Haberal
Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis is an infection seen in patients receiving intensive immunosuppressive regimens, such as transplant recipients. Some risk factors that increase the incidence of infection have been determined, and patients defined as having high risk are recommended to take antifungal prophylaxis and be monitored closely. Here, we present a liver transplant patient with mild respiratory symptoms and a normal chest radiography on day 26 posttransplant. However, he had acute renal failure and underwent hemodialysis, which are both defined to increase significantly the risk of aspergillosis...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
B Handan Özdemir, Alev Ok Atılgan, Eda Yılmaz Akçay, Gökçe Özdemir, Ebru Ayvazoğlu Soy, Aydıncan Akdur, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Thrombotic microangiopathy is a form of renal capillary injury possibly associated with calcineurin inhibitor toxicity, acute humoral rejection, infections, and recurrent diseases. Here, we examined its incidence in patients diagnosed with acute and chronic active humoral rejection, polyomavirus nephropathy, acute cellular rejection, and immunoglobulin A recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 272 renal allograft recipients who met the inclusion criteria were reevaluated for presence of renal thrombotic microangiopathy...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Sibel Kara, Nazan Sen, Ebru Kursun, Hakan Yabanoğlu, Sedat Yıldırım, Şule Akçay, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary infections are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in solid-organ transplant recipients despite enhanced facilities for perioperative care. The aim of this study was to evaluate the demographic characteristics, clinical course, and outcomes of renal transplant recipients with pneumonia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of all renal transplant recipients from January 2010 to December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed, and patients diagnosed with pneumonia according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention criteria were evaluated...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Sehnaz Tezcan, Ebru Ayvazoglu Soy, Nihal Uslu, Mehmet Haberal
Urinary tract infection is the most common complication after kidney transplant and often is associated with graft loss and mortality. Ultrasonography is the most widely applied imaging modality for diagnosis of complications after kidney transplant. Here, we report a case of a 52-year-old male patient who underwent renal transplant 1 month earlier and who presented with fever, leukocytosis, and leukocyturia. Klebsiella pneumoniae was found in the urine and blood cultures. Ultrasonography revealed multiple, ill-defined margined, hypoechoic areas and cysts within the cortex...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Irem Serifoglu, Balam Er Dedekarginoglu, Ebru Hatice Ayvazoglu Soy, Gaye Ulubay, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Hemoptysis is a symptom that can be caused by airway disease, pulmonary parenchymal disease, or pulmonary vascular disease, or it can be idiopathic. Infection is the most common cause of hemoptysis, accounting for 60% to 70% of cases. Hemoptysis is also an initial symptom of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage syndrome, although it may be absent at presentation in one-third of patients. Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage is characterized by disruption of the alveolar-capillary basement membranes because of either injury or inflammation of the arterioles, venules, or capillaries, resulting in bleeding in alveolar spaces...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Deniz Demet, Nilgün Aksoy, Nihal Kiraz
Kidney transplant is the leading treatment method for patients with recent renal failure in terms of quality of life, cost, and survival. After transplant, rejection, infection, cardiovascular diseases, malignancies, immunosuppressive therapy failure, and psychologic problems may occur. Posttransplant nursing care is as important as pretransplant nursing care in terms of enhancing quality of life, preventing complications, and providing necessary changes to treatment. In this report, we presented ways to increase quality of care after transplant and outlined standardized nursing care to reduce work and time loads by ensuring integrative and systematic approaches of nurses...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Ali Riza Ucar, Erol Demir, Mehmet Sukru Sever
Progress in patient care and immunosuppressive medications has resulted in improved allograft survival in the early posttransplant period; however, substantial graft loss continues in the long term. Therefore, the number of dialysis patients with failed allografts is increasing progressively. These patients have a worse prognosis than naive dialysis patients. Cardiovascular causes are the leading cause of death, followed by infections and malignancies. Delay in return to dialysis, a chronic inflammatory state, infections, and cancer are contributing factors to mortality, whereas type of dialysis modality does not have a significant effect on outcomes...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Charat Thongprayoon, Wisit Kaewput, Konika Sharma, Karn Wijarnpreecha, Napat Leeaphorn, Patompong Ungprasert, Ankit Sakhuja, Franco H Cabeza Rivera, Wisit Cheungpasitporn
AIM: To assess outcomes of kidney transplantation including patient and allograft outcomes in recipients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, and the trends of patient's outcomes overtime. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Database from inception through October 2017. Studies that reported odds ratios (OR) of mortality or renal allograft failure after kidney transplantation in patients with HBV [defined as hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive] were included...
February 27, 2018: World Journal of Hepatology
Elina Virtanen, Hanna Seppälä, Ilkka Helanterä, Pia Laine, Irmeli Lautenschlager, Lars Paulin, Laura Mannonen, Petri Auvinen, Eeva Auvinen
BACKGROUND: BK polyomavirus (BKPyV) infection is a common asymptomatic viral infection in the general population. Severe complications are seen in immunocompromised individuals, such as polyomavirus-associated nephropathy (PyVAN) in renal transplant recipients. Information on BKPyV microRNA expressions is scarce, although polyomavirus-encoded microRNAs have been shown to control viral replication and assist in immune evasion. Whereas the pathogenic role of rearrangements in JC polyomavirus has been well established, little is known about BKPyV rearrangements in PyVAN...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Therese Adrian, Mads Hornum, Frank Eriksson, Jesper M Hansen, Katrine Pilely, Peter Garred, Bo Feldt-Rasmussen
Background: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have high morbidity and mortality rates, with cardiovascular diseases and infections being the major causes of death. Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) has been suggested to play a protective role in this regard. The aim of this study was to investigate a possible clinical association of MBL genotypes (MBL2) with outcome among patients on dialysis or with a functioning graft. Methods: A total of 98 patients with ESRD accepted for living-donor renal transplantation or on the waiting list for transplantation were included and prospectively followed for an average of 9 years (range 7...
March 3, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Michal Hulman, Panagiotis Artemiou, Matej Ondrusek, Vladan Hudec, Ivo Gasparovic, Martin Bena, Ivan Glonek
OBJECTIVES: Primary graft dysfunction (PGD) is a devastating complication and the most common cause of early death following a heart transplant. The goal of this study was to report our experience of using mechanical circulatory support to manage severe PGD. METHODS: Following 208 heart transplants performed between January 2007 and May 2017, 14 (6.7%) patients presented with severe PGD. We provided haemodynamic support using the following approaches: a venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation device, left ventricular assist device, right ventricular assist device and biventricular assist device...
March 5, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Arunkumar Subbiah, Soumita Bagchi, Dipankar Bhowmik, Sandeep Mahajan, R K Yadav, Yogesh Chhabra, Sanjay Agarwal
BACKGROUND: There are annual outbreaks of Dengue infection in tropical and subtropical countries. This retrospective study aimed to assess the clinical manifestation of dengue and outcome in renal transplant recipients. METHODS: Renal transplant recipients diagnosed with dengue in the nephrology department during the outbreak from August 2015 to December 2015 were included in the study. RESULTS: Twenty patients developed dengue presenting during the outbreak...
March 7, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
Davut Eren, Eray Eroglu, Aysegul Ulu Kilic, Mustafa Altay Atalay, Necati Mumcu, Murat Hayri Sipahioglu, Ozlem Canoz, Ayse Nedret Koc, Oktay Oymak
Skin infections caused by Paecilomyces species have been rarely described in patients with solid organ transplantation. Cutaneous manifestations are highly variable and include erythematous macules, nodules, pustules, and vesicular and necrotic lesions. The diagnosis of these infections is generally made by examination of a skin biopsy. Management of these fungal infections is difficult due to the immunocompromised state of the patients. Moreover, antifungal therapy and immunosuppressive drug interactions should be considered during treatment management...
March 7, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
Mari Eriksson, Janne J Jokinen, Sanni Söderlund, Pekka Hämmainen, Jyri Lommi, Karl B Lemström
BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) remains an important pathogen in solid organ transplant patients. OBJECTIVE: We executed a hybrid prophylactic and pre-emptive valganciclovir (VGCV) prophylaxis to prevent CMV infection in heart transplant patients with antithymocyteglobulin (ATG) induction and retrospectively evaluated the efficacy and safety of this regimen. METHODS: 100 adult heart transplant patients between 2004 and 2010 were included...
March 7, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
Mehmet Sarıer, İbrahim Duman, Meltem Demir, Yücel Yüksel, Mestan Emek, Erdal Kukul
Objective: In the early period after renal transplantation, urinary retention stemming from bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) may directly affect graft success. The aim of this study was to evaluate the early and long-term outcomes of transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) and transurethral incision of prostate (TUIP) procedures performed in the first month following RT due to BOO. Material and methods: Between February 2009 and March 2016, 38 male patients underwent TURP/TUIP due to BOO within the first 30 days of renal transplantation...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
Shokoufeh Savaj, Seyedeh Ghazal Hosseini, Ahad J Ghods
INTRODUCTION: Non-human leukocyte antigen antibodies are an independent risk factor for acute rejection in kidney transplant recipients. Among them, angiotensin II receptor type 1 (ART1) antibodies can induce various effects, but their clinical importance in kidney transplant recipients has not been properly explained. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of ART1 antibodies on allograft function and hypertension in stable kidney transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-one kidney recipients from non- human leukocyte antigen antibodies-matched donors with stable allograft function were examined for estimated glomerular filtration rate (Chronic Kidney Disease-Epidemiology Collaboration formula) and ART1 antibodies (measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method)...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Chih-Ning Cheng, Shu-Wen Lin, Chien-Chih Wu
Linezolid, an oxazolidinone antibiotic, does not required dose adjustment in patients with Child's class A and B liver cirrhosis. The dose adjustment data for Child's class C liver cirrhosis is inadequate. We reported a case of Child's class C liver cirrhosis, in which lactic acidosis, an adverse effect related to prolonged use, occurred only after two weeks of linezolid treatment. A 63-year old male had underlying diseases, such as end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and Child's class C liver cirrhosis, and was admitted for hepatic encephalopathy management and liver transplantation evaluation...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Stephanie E Cordts, Lukas Schneble, Paul Schnitzler, Jürgen J Wenzel, Tobias Vinke, Susanne Rieger, Alexander Fichtner, Burkhard Tönshoff, Britta Höcker
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection in immunocompromised patients such as solid organ transplant recipients may bear a high risk of becoming a chronic infection with progression to liver cirrhosis. So far, data on HEV infection in pediatric renal transplant recipients are limited. METHODS: This single-center cohort study investigated period prevalence, morbidity, and treatment of HEV infection in 90 pediatric renal allograft recipients aged 9.9 ± 5...
March 2, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Akash Deep, Romit Saxena, Bipin Jose
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common accompaniment in patients with liver disease. The causes, risk factors, manifestations and management of AKI in these patients vary according to the liver disease in question (acute liver failure, acute-on-chronic liver failure, post-liver transplantation or metabolic liver disease). There are multiple causes of AKI in patients with liver disease-pre-renal, acute tubular necrosis, post-renal, drug-induced renal failure and hepatorenal syndrome (HRS). Definitions of AKI in liver failure are periodically revised and updated, but pediatric definitions have still to see the light of the day...
March 1, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
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