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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526799/acquired-resistance-to-macrolides-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-from-cystic-fibrosis-patients
#1
Muhammad-Hariri Mustafa, Shaunak Khandekar, Michael M Tunney, J Stuart Elborn, Barbara C Kahl, Olivier Denis, Patrick Plésiat, Hamidou Traore, Paul M Tulkens, Francis Vanderbist, Françoise Van Bambeke
Cystic fibrosis (CF) patients receive chronic treatment with macrolides for their antivirulence and anti-inflammatory properties. We, however, previously showed that Pseudomonas aeruginosa, considered as naturally resistant to macrolides, becomes susceptible when tested in a eukaryotic medium rather than a conventional broth.We therefore looked for specific macrolide resistance determinants in 333 CF isolates from four European CF centres in comparison with 48 isolates from patients suffering from hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP)...
May 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526791/pseudomonas-chlororaphis-produces-two-distinct-r-tailocins-that-contribute-to-bacterial-competition-in-biofilms-and-on-roots
#2
Robert J Dorosky, Jun Myoung Yu, Leland S Pierson, Elizabeth A Pierson
R-type tailocins are high molecular weight bacteriocins that resemble bacteriophage tails and are encoded within the genomes of many Pseudomonas species. In this study, analysis of the P. chlororaphis 30-84 R-tailocin gene cluster revealed that it encodes the structural components to produce two R-tailocins of different ancestral origin. Two distinct R-tailocin populations differing in length were observed in UV induced lysates of P. chlororaphis 30-84 via transmission electron microscopy. Mutants defective in the production of one or both R-tailocins demonstrated that the killing spectrum of each tailocin is limited to Pseudomonas species...
May 19, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521545/silver-oxynitrate-an-efficacious-compound-for-the-prevention-and-eradication-of-dual-species-biofilms
#3
Joe A Lemire, Lindsay Kalan, Natalie Gugala, Alexandru Bradu, Raymond J Turner
Preventing and eradicating biofilms remains a challenge in clinical and industrial settings. Recently, the present authors demonstrated that silver oxynitrate (Ag7NO11) prevented and eradicated single-species planktonic and biofilm populations of numerous microbes at lower concentrations than other silver (Ag) compounds. Here, the antimicrobial and anti-biofilm efficacy of Ag7NO11 is elaborated by testing its in vitro activity against combinations of dual-species, planktonic and biofilm populations of Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
May 19, 2017: Biofouling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517238/flen-and-fleq-play-a-synergistic-role-in-regulating-lapa-and-bcs-operons-in-pseudomonas-putida-kt2440
#4
Hailing Nie, Yujie Xiao, Huizhong Liu, Jinzhi He, Wenli Chen, Qiaoyun Huang
FleN generally functions as an antagonist of FleQ in regulating flagellar genes and biofilm matrix related genes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Here we found that in Pseudomonas putida KT2440, FleN and FleQ play a synergistic role in regulating two biofilm matrix coding operons, lapA and bcs. FleN deletion decreased transcription of lapA and increased transcription of bcs operon, the same trend was observed in fleQ deletion mutant before. In vitro experiments showed that FleN promoted binding of FleQ to the lapA/bcs promoter DNA especially in the presence of ATP...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Microbiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515715/anti-biofilm-and-antivirulence-activities-of-metabolites-from-plectosphaerella-cucumerina-against-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#5
Jinwei Zhou, Shiyuan Bi, Hongjuan Chen, Tongtong Chen, Rui Yang, Minghui Li, Yonghong Fu, Ai-Qun Jia
This study reported the efficacy of the metabolites of Plectosphaerella cucumerina, one phyllosphere fungus from Orychophragmus violaceus, against Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing (QS) and QS-regulated biofilms. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the ethyl acetate (EtOAc) extract from P. cucumerina against P. aeruginosa PAO1 was 1.25 mg mL(-1). At sub-MIC concentrations, P. cucumerina extract (0.25-1 mg mL(-1)) not only inhibited biofilm formation but also disrupted preformed biofilms of P. aeruginosa PAO1 without affecting its growth...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513576/biofilm-is-a-major-virulence-determinant-in-bacterial-colonization-of-chronic-skin-ulcers-independently-from-the-multidrug-resistant-phenotype
#6
Enea Gino Di Domenico, Ilaria Farulla, Grazia Prignano, Maria Teresa Gallo, Matteo Vespaziani, Ilaria Cavallo, Isabella Sperduti, Martina Pontone, Valentina Bordignon, Laura Cilli, Alessandra De Santis, Fabiola Di Salvo, Fulvia Pimpinelli, Ilaria Lesnoni La Parola, Luigi Toma, Fabrizio Ensoli
Bacterial biofilm is a major factor in delayed wound healing and high levels of biofilm production have been repeatedly described in multidrug resistant organisms (MDROs). Nevertheless, a quantitative correlation between biofilm production and the profile of antimicrobial drug resistance in delayed wound healing remains to be determined. Microbial identification, antibiotic susceptibility and biofilm production were assessed in 135 clinical isolates from 87 patients. Gram-negative bacteria were the most represented microorganisms (60...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512449/antibacterial-potential-of-an-antimicrobial-agent-inspired-by-peroxidase-catalyzed-systems
#7
Lilit Tonoyan, Gerard T A Fleming, Paul H Mc Cay, Ruairi Friel, Vincent O'Flaherty
Antibiotic resistance is an increasingly serious threat to global health. Consequently, the development of non-antibiotic based therapies and disinfectants, which avoid induction of resistance, or cross-resistance, is of high priority. We report the synthesis of a biocidal complex, which is produced by the reaction between ionic oxidizable salts-iodide and thiocyanate-in the presence of hydrogen peroxide as an oxidation source. The reaction generates bactericidal reactive oxygen and iodine species. In this study, we report that the iodo-thiocyanate complex (ITC) is an effective bactericidal agent with activity against planktonic and biofilm cells of Gram-negative (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511691/tomato-root-microbiota-and-phytophthora-parasitica-associated-disease
#8
Marie Larousse, Corinne Rancurel, Camille Syska, Ferran Palero, Catherine Etienne, Benoît Industri, Xavier Nesme, Marc Bardin, Eric Galiana
BACKGROUND: Interactions between pathogenic oomycetes and microbiota residing on the surface of the host plant root are unknown, despite being critical to inoculum constitution. The nature of these interactions was explored for the polyphagous and telluric species Phytophthora parasitica. RESULTS: Composition of the rhizospheric microbiota of Solanum lycopersicum was characterized using deep re-sequencing of 16S rRNA gene to analyze tomato roots either free of or partly covered with P...
May 16, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510695/effects-of-an-autoinducer-analogue-on-antibiotic-tolerance-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#9
Takashi Amoh, Keiji Murakami, Reiko Kariyama, Kenji Hori, Darija Viducic, Katsuhiko Hirota, Jun Igarashi, Hiroaki Suga, Matthew R Parsek, Hiromi Kumon, Yoichiro Miyake
Objectives: Antibiotic tolerance causes chronic, refractory and persistent infections. In order to advance the development of a new type of drug for the treatment of infectious diseases, we herein investigated the effects of a newly synthesized analogue of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum-sensing autoinducer named AIA-1 ( a uto i nducer a nalogue) on antibiotic tolerance in P. aeruginosa . Methods: A P. aeruginosa luminescent strain derived from PAO1 was injected into neutropenic ICR mice and bioluminescence images were acquired for a period of time after treatments with antibiotics and AIA-1...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510688/two-component-systems-required-for-virulence-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#10
V I Francis, E C Stevenson, S L Porter
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a versatile opportunistic pathogen capable of infecting a broad range of hosts, in addition to thriving in a broad range of environmental conditions outside of hosts. With this versatility comes the need to tightly regulate its genome to optimise its gene expression and behaviour to the prevailing conditions. Two-component systems (TCSs) comprising sensor kinases and response regulators, play a major role in this regulation. This minireview discusses the growing number of two-component systems that have been implicated in the virulence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, with a special focus on the emerging theme of multikinase networks, which are networks comprising multiple sensor kinases working together, sensing and integrating multiple signals to decide upon the best response...
May 16, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507068/genome-wide-survey-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-pa14-reveals-a-role-for-the-glyoxylate-pathway-and-extracellular-proteases-in-the-utilization-of-mucin
#11
Jeffrey M Flynn, Chi Phan, Ryan C Hunter
Chronic airway infections by the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa are a major cause of mortality in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. While this bacterium has been extensively studied for its virulence determinants, biofilm growth and immune evasion mechanisms, comparatively little is known about the nutrient sources that sustain its growth in vivo Respiratory mucins represent a potentially abundant bioavailable nutrient source, though we have recently shown that canonical pathogens inefficiently use these host glycoproteins as a growth substrate...
May 15, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504348/broad-spectrum-macromolecular-antimicrobials-with-biofilm-disruption-capability-and-in-vivo-efficacy
#12
Jeremy P K Tan, Daniel J Coady, Haritz Sardon, Alexander Yuen, Shujun Gao, Shaun W Lim, Zhen Chang Liang, Eddy W Tan, Shrinivas Venkataraman, Amanda C Engler, Mareva Fevre, Robert Ono, Yi Yan Yang, James L Hedrick
In this study, antimicrobial polymers are synthesized by the organocatalytic ring-opening polymerization of an eight-membered heterocyclic carbonate monomer that is subsequently quaternized with methyl iodide. These polymers demonstrate activity against clinically relevant Gram-positive Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus, Gram-negative Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and fungus Candida albicans with fast killing kinetics. Importantly, the polymer efficiently inhibits biofilm growth and lyses existing biofilm, leading to a reduction in biomass and cell viability...
May 15, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503756/biofilms-and-delayed-healing%C3%A2-%C3%A2-an-in-vitro-evaluation-of-silver-and-iodine-containing-dressings-and-their-effect-on-bacterial-and-human-cells
#13
Katie A Bourdillon, Craig P Delury, Breda M Cullen
This study investigated whether there are differences in the ability of wound dressings to modulate certain factors known to affect wound healing. A selection of antimicrobial dressings (AQUACEL(®) Ag Extra(™) , AQUACEL(®) Ag+ Extra(™) , IODOFLEX(™) , ACTICOAT(™) 7 and PROMOGRAN PRISMA(™) matrix) were tested for their effect on both bacterial bioburden and human dermal fibroblasts. Some dressings underwent further evaluation for activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms using a colony-drip flow reactor model...
May 14, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499132/multiple-dictyostelid-species-destroy-biofilms-of-klebsiella-oxytoca-and-other-gram-negative-species
#14
Dean Sanders, Katarzyna D Borys, Fikrullah Kisa, Sheryl A Rakowski, Marcela Lozano, Marcin Filutowicz
Dictyostelids are free-living phagocytes that feed on bacteria in diverse habitats. When bacterial prey is in short supply or depleted, they undergo multicellular development culminating in the formation of dormant spores. In this work, we tested isolates representing four dictyostelid species from two genera (Dictyostelium and Polysphondylium) for the potential to feed on biofilms preformed on glass and polycarbonate surfaces. The abilities of dictyostelids were monitored for three hallmarks of activity: 1) spore germination on biofilms, 2) predation on biofilm enmeshed bacteria by phagocytic cells and 3) characteristic stages of multicellular development (streaming and fructification)...
April 12, 2017: Protist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485146/effects-of-growth-surface-topography-on-bacterial-signaling-in-coculture-biofilms
#15
Arunima Bhattacharjee, Mughees Khan, Maya Kleiman, Allon I Hochbaum
Bacteria form interface-associated communities, called biofilms, often comprising multiple species. Biofilms can be detrimental or beneficial in medical, industrial, and technological settings, and their stability and function are determined by interspecies communication via specific chemical signaling or metabolite exchange. The deterministic control of biofilm development, behavior, and properties remains an unmet challenge limiting our ability to inhibit formation of detrimental biofilms in biomedical settings and promote the growth of beneficial biofilms in biotechnology applications...
May 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484444/leaf-extracts-of-mangifera-indica-l-inhibit-quorum-sensing-regulated-production-of-virulence-factors-and-biofilm-in-test-bacteria
#16
Fohad M Husain, Iqbal Ahmad, Abdullah S Al-Thubiani, Hussein H Abulreesh, Ibrahim M AlHazza, Farrukh Aqil
Quorum sensing (QS) is a global gene regulatory mechanism in bacteria for various traits including virulence factors. Disabling QS system with anti-infective agent is considered as a potential strategy to prevent bacterial infection. Mangifera indica L. (mango) has been shown to possess various biological activities including anti-QS. This study investigates the efficacy of leaf extracts on QS-regulated virulence factors and biofilm formation in Gram negative pathogens. Mango leaf (ML) extract was tested for QS inhibition and QS-regulated virulence factors using various indicator strains...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481506/functional-silver-nanocomposites-as-broad-spectrum-antimicrobial-and-biofilm-disrupting-agents
#17
Qianqian Guo, Yu Zhao, Xiaomei Dai, Tianqi Zhang, Yunjian Yu, Xinge Zhang, Chaoxing Li
Biofilms' tolerance has become a serious clinical concern due to their formidable resistance to conventional antibiotics and prevalent virulence. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop alternative antimicrobial agents to eradicate biofilms but avoid using antibiotics. Herein, we successfully developed polymer functional silver nanocomposites by reduction of silver nitrate in the presence of a biocompatible carbohydrate polymer and a membrane-disrupting cationic polymer. The nanocomposites presented effective antimicrobial activity against Gram-negative bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli) and Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens)...
May 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479904/glyceryl-trinitrate-is-a-novel-inhibitor-of-quorum-sensing-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#18
Hisham A Abbas, Moutaz A Shaldam
BACKGROUND: Targeting quorum sensing is an alternative approach to antibiotics.Targeting quorum sensing-regulated virulence will disarm the pathogen without exerting pressure on its growth. As a result, emergence of resistance is avoided and the immune system can easily eradicate bacteria. OBJECTIVES: Investigation of the possible inhibition of quorum sensing-regulated virulence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa by glyceryltrinitrate. METHODS: The quorum sensing inhibiting activity of glyceryl trinitrate was assessed by inhibition of violacein production in Chromobacterium violaceum ATCC 12472...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474135/surface-analysis-of-nitrogen-plasma-treated-c60-ps-nanocomposite-films-for-antibacterial-activity
#19
Naglaa M El-Sayed, Fifi M Reda, Omar F Farag, Doaa A Nasrallah
The influence of N2 plasma on the antibacterial properties of polystyrene/fullerene (C60/PS) nanocomposite films with two concentrations is investigated. A comparison is made between the surface characteristics of the films before and after plasma irradiation for different time intervals. The alterations induced on the surface of the films after treatment are analyzed by contact angle and surface energy measurements, FTIR spectroscopy, and atomic force microscopy. The antibacterial properties, growth, biofilm formation, and adhesion of the nanocomposite films against two multidrug-resistant bacterial strains, Staphylococcus aureus KT337489 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa KT337488, are investigated before and after plasma irradiation...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Biological Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473944/antimicrobial-efficacy-of-contact-lens-care-solutions-against-neutrophil-enhanced-bacterial-biofilms
#20
Jorge A Hinojosa, Naiya B Patel, Meifang Zhu, Danielle M Robertson
PURPOSE: Neutrophil-derived extracellular debris has been shown to accelerate bacterial biofilm formation on hydrogel and silicone hydrogel contact lens surfaces compared to lenses inoculated with bacteria alone. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the disinfection efficacy of four standard commercial contact lens cleaning regimens against neutrophil-enhanced bacterial biofilms formed on silicone hydrogel contact lenses. METHODS: Four reference strains were used: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Serratia marcescens, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, and Staphylococcus aureus...
April 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
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