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Drug induced liver disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662787/steroid-associated-osteonecrosis-animal-model-in-rats
#1
Li-Zhen Zheng, Jia-Li Wang, Ling Kong, Le Huang, Li Tian, Qian-Qian Pang, Xin-Luan Wang, Ling Qin
Objective: Established preclinical disease models are essential for not only studying aetiology and/or pathophysiology of the relevant diseases but more importantly also for testing prevention and/or treatment concept(s). The present study proposed and established a detailed induction and assessment protocol for a unique and cost-effective preclinical steroid-associated osteonecrosis (SAON) in rats with pulsed injections of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and methylprednisolone (MPS). Methods: Sixteen 24-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were used to induce SAON by one intravenous injection of LPS (0...
April 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656147/liver-fibrosis-direct-antifibrotic-agents-and-targeted-therapies
#2
REVIEW
Detlef Schuppan, Muhammad Ashfaq-Khan, Ai Ting Yang, Yong Ook Kim
Liver fibrosis and in particular cirrhosis are the major causes of morbidity and mortality of patients with chronic liver disease. Their prevention or reversal have become major endpoints in clinical trials with novel liver specific drugs. Remarkable progress has been made with therapies that efficiently address the cause of the underlying liver disease, as in chronic hepatitis B and C. Highly effective antiviral therapy can prevent progression or even induce reversal in the majority of patients, but such treatment remains elusive for the majority of liver patients with advanced alcoholic or nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, genetic or autoimmune liver diseases...
April 12, 2018: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655677/an-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-study-of-a-4-herb-formula-on-the-management-of-diet-induced-metabolic-syndrome
#3
Elaine Wat, Yanping Wang, Ken Chan, Hon Wai Law, Chi Man Koon, Kit Man Lau, Ping Chung Leung, Choly Yan, Clara Bik San Lau
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is the cluster of risk factors that leads to increased episodes of cardiovascular disease (CVD). These risk factors include but are not limited to obesity, non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFLD), dyslipidemia, and type 2 diabetes. Since the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome has multiple metabolic origins, there is no single treatment for it. Pharmacological approaches consist of separate drugs which target at individual risk factors which pose various side effects...
March 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629027/ethanol-extract-of-allium-fistulosum-inhibits-development-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#4
Jin-Taek Hwang, Eun Ju Shin, Min-Yu Chung, Jae Ho Park, Sangwon Chung, Hyo-Kyoung Choi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a leading cause of chronic liver disease and is closely associated with metabolic syndrome. In the present study, we observed the effect of ethanol extract of Allium fistulosum (EAF) on NAFLD and have suggested the possibility of using EAF as a natural product for application in the development of a treatment for NAFLD. MATERIALS/METHODS: The preventive effect on hepatic lipid accumulation was estimated by using an oleic acid (OA)-induced NAFLD model in vitro and a Western diet (high-fat high-sucrose; WD)-induced obese mouse model...
April 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627620/efficacy-safety-and-tolerability-of-lubiprostone-for-the-treatment-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adult-patients-with-constipation-the-lubiprone-double-blind-randomised-placebo-controlled-study-design
#5
Takaomi Kessoku, Kento Imajo, Takashi Kobayashi, Yasushi Honda, Takayuki Kato, Yuji Ogawa, Wataru Tomeno, Shingo Kato, Takuma Higurashi, Masato Yoneda, Hiroyuki Kirikoshi, Kazuki Kubota, Masataka Taguri, Takeharu Yamanaka, Haruki Usuda, Koichiro Wada, Satoru Saito, Atsushi Nakajima
BACKGROUND: This paper reports the protocol of a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to test the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of lubiprostone (LUB) vs. placebo on suppressing gut permeability in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients with constipation. NAFLD, including non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), is a common chronic liver disorder. Progression is associated with increased gut permeability and gut-derived endotoxins. Most NAFLD/NASH clinical trial drugs aim to improve liver function or systemic metabolism...
April 5, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621595/extracellular-vesicles-as-potential-biomarkers-for-alcohol-and-drug-induced-liver-injury-and-their-therapeutic-applications
#6
REVIEW
Young-Eun Cho, Byoung-Joon Song, Mohammed Akbar, Moon-Chang Baek
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are small membranous vesicles originating from various cells and tissues, including the liver parenchymal hepatocytes and nonparenchymal cells such as Kupffer and stellate cells. Recently, the pathophysiological role of EVs, such as exosomes and microvesicles, has been increasingly recognized based on intercellular communications. These EVs travel through the circulating blood and interact with specific cells and then deliver their cargos such as nucleic acids and proteins into recipient cells...
April 3, 2018: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618826/a-systems-pharmacology-oriented-discovery-of-a-new-therapeutic-use-of-the-tcm-formula-liuweiwuling-for-liver-failure
#7
Jia-Bo Wang, He-Rong Cui, Rui-Lin Wang, Cong-En Zhang, Ming Niu, Zhao-Fang Bai, Gen-Hua Xu, Peng-Yan Li, Wen-Yan Jiang, Jing-Jing Han, Xiao Ma, Guang-Ming Cai, Rui-Sheng Li, Li-Ping Zhang, Xiao-He Xiao
Multiple components of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formulae determine their treatment targets for multiple diseases as opposed to a particular disease. However, discovering the unexplored therapeutic potential of a TCM formula remains challenging and costly. Inspired by the drug repositioning methodology, we propose an integrated strategy to feasibly identify new therapeutic uses for a formula composed of six herbs, Liuweiwuling. First, we developed a comprehensive systems approach to enrich drug compound-liver disease networks to analyse the major predicted diseases of Liuweiwuling and discover its potential effect on liver failure...
April 4, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618704/pinelliae-rhizoma-praeparatum-involved-in-the-regulation-of-bile-acids-metabolism-in-hepatic-injury
#8
Shun Guo, Song Zhang, Linna Liu, Peng Yang, Xueliang Dang, Huamei Wei, Na Hu, Lei Shi, Yan Zhang
Pinelliae Rhizoma Praeparatum (PRP) as traditional Chinese medicine had been used for hepatic diseases in combinative forms. However, the effect of PRP was not clear when used alone. So to explore the hepatoprotective/hepatotoxin of PRP is necessary. The activities of PRP were investigated in acetaminophen-induced hepatic injury mice. Liver function markers, hepatic oxidative stress markers were evaluated. Bile acids metabolic transports and Nrf2 were detected. As a drug for the treatment of liver diseases, PRP slightly restored the parameters towards normal in model mice only in low dosage, and also had no antioxidant activity and regulate Nrf2...
April 4, 2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615102/a-case-report-of-nifedipine-induced-hepatitis-with-jaundice
#9
Dimas Yusuf, Joanna Christy, David Owen, Meghan Ho, David Li, Martin J Fishman
BACKGROUND: Nifedipine is a generic, well-known and commonly-prescribed dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker used in the treatment of hypertension and Prinzmetal's angina. A known but very rare and serious adverse effect of nifedipine is clinically-apparent hepatitis which can take months to resolve. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we present a case of nifedipine-induced hepatitis in a 78-year-old Caucasian female with no prior history of liver or autoimmune disease...
April 3, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614098/a-novel-calcimimetic-agent-evocalcet-mt-4580-khk7580-suppresses-the-parathyroid-cell-function-with-little-effect-on-the-gastrointestinal-tract-or-cyp-isozymes-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#10
Takehisa Kawata, Shin Tokunaga, Miki Murai, Nami Masuda, Waka Haruyama, Youji Shoukei, Yutaka Hisada, Tetsuya Yanagida, Hiroshi Miyazaki, Michihito Wada, Tadao Akizawa, Masafumi Fukagawa
Cinacalcet hydrochloride (cinacalcet), an oral calcimimetic agent has been widely used for the management of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in chronic kidney disease (CKD). In sharp contrast to vitamin D receptor activators, cinacalcet suppresses SHPT without inducing hypercalcemia or hyperphosphatemia. Nevertheless, some patients remain refractory to SHPT with this agent, as the dose cannot be sufficiently increased due to gastrointestinal symptoms. In order to resolve this issue, we have developed a newly synthesized calcimimetic agent, evocalcet (MT-4580/KHK7580)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607530/systematic-review-drug-induced-liver-injury-alternative-causes-in-case-series-as-confounding-variables
#11
REVIEW
Rolf Teschke, Gaby Danan
AIMS: Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is rare as compared to the worldwide frequent acute or chronic liver diseases. Therefore, patients included in series of suspected DILI are at high risk of not having DILI, whereby alternative causes may confound the DILI diagnosis. The aim of this review is to evaluate published case series of DILI for alternative causes. METHODS: Pertinent studies were identified using a computerized search of the Medline database for publications from 1993 through 30 October 2017...
April 1, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607354/consequence-of-hiv-and-hcv-co-infection-on-host-immune-response-persistence-and-current-treatment-options
#12
REVIEW
Sayed Sartaj Sohrab, Mohd Suhail, Ashraf Ali, Ishtiaq Qadri, Steve Harakeh, Esam I Azhar
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a common opportunistic pathogen especially among Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients. Due to incongruous studies, the pathological effect of HCV on HIV induced disease are still not fully understood. While some studies have showed no effect of HCV on HIV infection, others reported a defined role of HCV in aggravating the rates of AIDS-related illnesses and mortality. The explanation of such variances may be due to the host immune response, viral genotypes, sub-type and quasi-species distribution...
March 2018: Virusdisease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606130/proteasome-inhibitors-modulate-anticancer-and-anti-proliferative-properties-via-nf-kb-signaling-and-ubiquitin-proteasome-pathways-in-cancer-cell-lines-of-different-organs
#13
Asaf A Qureshi, Eleanor G Zuvanich, Dilshad A Khan, Shahida Mushtaq, Neerupma Silswal, Nilofer Qureshi
BACKGROUND: Cancer is second most common cause of death in the United State. There are over 100 different types of cancer associated with different human organs, predominantly breast, liver, pancreas, prostate, colon, rectum, lung, and stomach. We have recently reported properties of pro-inflammatory (for treatment of various types of cancers), and anti-inflammatory (for cardiovascular disease and diabetes) compounds. The major problem associated with development of anticancer drugs is their lack of solubility in aqueous solutions and severe side effects in cancer patients...
April 2, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605070/nonviral-or-drug-induced-etiologies-of-acute-liver-failure
#14
REVIEW
Russell Rosenblatt, Robert S Brown
Acute liver failure (ALF) is a rare but highly fatal condition. The most common causes include drug-induced and viral hepatitis, but other less common etiologies, especially autoimmune hepatitis, Budd-Chiari syndrome, and Wilson disease, need to be considered. Because diagnosis is frequently tied to potential for reversibility of ALF and prognosis, early identification in a timely manner is crucial. Other causes of ALF are more easily recognizable based on specific circumstances, such as ALF in pregnancy or ischemic hepatitis...
May 2018: Clinics in Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603759/hepatic-granulomas-a-17-year-single-tertiary-centre-experience
#15
Rui Gaspar, Patrícia Andrade, Marco Silva, Armando Peixoto, Joanne Lopes, Fátima Carneiro, Rodrigo Liberal, Guilherme Macedo
BACKGROUND: Hepatic granulomas have an estimated prevalence of 5% in liver biopsies, with a wide range of etiologies all over the world. Our aim was to assess the clinical relevance, presenting features and underlying etiology, in a non-transplant, tertiary referral center from a western country. METHODS: Retrospective,single-center, review of clinical, laboratory and histological data including all adult patients from whom a liver biopsy has been performed from January 1998 to December 2014...
March 30, 2018: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600441/efficacy-and-safety-of-the-newer-multiple-sclerosis-drugs-approved-since-2010
#16
REVIEW
Simon Faissner, Ralf Gold
Multiple sclerosis treatment faces tremendous changes as a result of the approval of new medications. The new medications have differing safety considerations and risks after long-term treatment, which are important for treating physicians to optimize and individualize multiple sclerosis care. Since the approval of the first multiple sclerosis capsule, fingolimod, the armamentarium of multiple sclerosis therapy has grown with the orally available medications dimethyl fumarate and teriflunomide. Fingolimod is mainly associated with cardiac side effects, dimethyl fumarate with bowel symptoms...
March 29, 2018: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596793/correlation-of-oxidative-stress-in-patients-with-hbv-induced-liver-disease-with-hbv-genotypes-and-drug-resistance-mutations
#17
Jianbo Xianyu, Jiafu Feng, Yuwei Yang, Jie Tang, Gang Xie, Lingying Fan
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the correlation of oxidative stress (OxS) in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and the disease severity with HBV genotypes and drug resistance mutations. METHODS: A total of 296 patients with CHB were enrolled into the study. PCR-reverse dot-blot hybridization was used to detect the HBV genotypes (B, C, and D) and the drug resistance-causing HBV mutant genes. In addition, the total oxidative stress (TOS) and total antioxidant status (TAS) were determined, and oxidative stress index (OSI) was calculated and compared...
March 26, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593573/-rho-a-fraction-from-rhodiola-crenulate-ameliorates-hepatic-steatosis-in-mice-models
#18
Qin Yi, Puyang Sun, Juan Li, Siming Kong, Jinying Tian, Xuechen Li, Yanan Yang, Peicheng Zhang, Yuying Liu, Jingyan Han, Xiaolin Zhang, Fei Ye
The prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is developed from hepatic steatosis, is increasing worldwide. However, no specific drugs for NAFLD have been approved yet. To observe the effects of Rho , a fraction from Rhodiola crenulate , on non-alcoholic hepatic steatosis, three mouse models with characteristics of NAFLD were used including high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity (DIO) mice, KKAy mice, and HFD combined with tetracycline stimulated Model-T mice. Hepatic lipid accumulation was determined via histopathological analysis and/or hepatic TG determination...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589533/liver-and-statins-a-critical-appraisal-of-the-evidence
#19
Anna Licata, Antonina Giammanco, Maria Giovanna Minissale, Salvatore Pagano, Salvatore Petta, Maurizio Averna
Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) represent an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Statins are a class of drugs whose main adverse effects are drug-induced liver injury (DILI) and myopathy. Some of these may be predictable, due to their pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties, while others, unfortunately, are idiosyncratic. Genetic factors may also influence patient susceptibility to DILI and myopathy in the case of statins. This review will first discuss the role of statins in cardiovascular disease treatment and prevention and the underlying mechanisms of action...
March 26, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579831/acute-liver-failure-induced-by-carthamus-tinctorius-oil-case-reports-and-literature-review
#20
E C de Ataide, S Reges Perales, M A de Oliveira Peres, L Bastos Eloy da Costa, F Quarella, F G Valerini, F Chueiri Neto, R Silveira Bello Stucchi, I de Fátima Santana Ferreira Boin
BACKGROUND: Acute liver failure (ALF) is a clinical syndrome that results from the abrupt loss of liver function in a patient without previous liver disease. The most frequent causes are viral hepatitis, drug induced, and autoimmune disease, but in 20% of cases no cause is identified. Carthamus tinctorius (safflower) oil is used as a dietary supplement for weight loss and antioxidant. There are 4 cases described in the literature of ALF induced by the use of this substance. The objective of this study was to report 3 cases of ALF treated at the Clinical Hospital of the State University of Campinas that suggest the use of C tinctorius oil as a probable etiologic factor...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
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