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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095214/stretching-exercises-for-shoulder-impingement-syndrome-effects-of-6-week-program-on-shoulder-tightness-pain-and-disability-status
#1
Elif Turgut, Irem Duzgun, Gul Baltaci
CONTEXT: Increasing soft tissue flexibility and joint mobility is one of the important aims of the shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of stretching program on posterior capsule tightness, pectoralis minor tightness, pain severity and disability status in SIS. DESIGN: Single-group pre-test post-test design. SETTING: University outpatient clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen participants diagnosed with subacromial impingement syndrome (34...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094420/evaluation-of-the-optimal-plate-position-for-the-fixation-of-supraglenoid-tubercle-fractures-in-warmbloods
#2
Sina Frei, Hans Geyer, Seamus Hoey, Anton E Fuerst, Andrea S Bischofberger
OBJECTIVES: To determine scapular cortex thickness, distal scapular bone density and describe the exact suprascapular nerve course to evaluate the best plate position for the fixation of supraglenoid tubercle fractures in horses. METHODS: Twelve equine cadaveric shoulders were examined with computed tomography. Computed tomography morphometry and density measurements (Hounsfield units [HU]) of the scapula were recorded. Statistical comparisons were made between the cranial and caudal aspects of the scapula...
January 17, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089258/the-effect-of-scapular-position-on-subacromial-contact-behavior-a-cadaver-study
#3
Takayuki Muraki, Nobuyuki Yamamoto, John W Sperling, Scott P Steinmann, Robert H Cofield, Kai-Nan An
BACKGROUND: Patients with subacromial impingement were reported to show abnormal scapular positions during shoulder elevation. However, the relationship between the scapular positions and subacromial impingement is unclear. The purpose of this study was to biomechanically determine the effect of scapular position on subacromial contact behavior by using fresh frozen cadavers. METHODS: The peak contact pressure on the coracoacromial arch was measured with a flexible tactile force sensor in 9 fresh frozen cadaver shoulders...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079744/endoscopic-woodward-procedure-for-sprengel-deformity-case-report
#4
Francisco Soldado, Sergi Barrera-Ochoa, Pedro Domenech-Fernandez, Josep M Bergua-Domingo, Paula Diaz-Gallardo, Jorge Knorr
: Sprengel deformity (SD) results in a limitation of movement of the shoulder girdle and produces an esthetic defect. Our aim is to assess the feasibility and advantages of a minimally invasive endoscopic approach for SD correction. A 4-year-old boy with a Cavendish grade III right SD. The patient underwent an endoscopic Woodward procedure with access through two small incisions at the level of the upper and lower angles of the scapula. Near-symmetrical shoulder elevation was achieved, with an excellent cosmetic result...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068966/glenoid-morphology-in-light-of-anatomical-and-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-dissection-and-3d-ct-based-study-in-male-and-female-body-donors
#5
Sandra Mathews, Marco Burkhard, Nabil Serrano, Karl Link, Martin Häusler, Nakita Frater, Ingeborg Franke, Helena Bischofberger, Florian M Buck, Dominic Gascho, Michael Thali, Steffen Serowy, Magdalena Müller-Gerbl, Gareth Harper, Ford Qureshi, Thomas Böni, Hans-Rudolf Bloch, Oliver Ullrich, Frank-Jakobus Rühli, Elisabeth Eppler
BACKGROUND: Placement of the glenoid baseplate is of paramount importance for the outcome of anatomical and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. However, the database around glenoid size is poor, particularly regarding small scapulae, for example, in women and smaller individuals, and is derived from different methodological approaches. In this multimodality cadaver study, we systematically examined the glenoid using morphological and 3D-CT measurements. METHODS: Measurements of the glenoid and drill hole tunnel length for superior baseplate screw placement were recorded to define size of the glenoid and the distance to the scapular notch on cadaveric specimens...
January 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043311/acromion-types-and-role-of-corticosteroid-with-shoulder-impingement-syndrome
#6
Muhammad Akram, Syed Faraz Ul Hassan Shah Gillani, Faheem Mubashir Farooqi, Syed Muhammad Awais
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between shoulder impingement and morphological characteristics of acromion and the role of sub-acromial injection of methylprednisolone in the short-term treatment for relieving pain and improve functional disability of these patients. STUDY DESIGN: A descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology Unit-I (DOST-I), Mayo Hospital, Lahore, between November 2013 to June 2014...
December 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018061/bilateral-sandwiched-scapulae-a-rare-presentation-of-hereditary-multiple-exostoses
#7
Kamran Mozaffarian, Mohammad Javad Farahani, Amir Reza Vosoughi
Hereditary multiple exostoses, an autosomal dominant condition, is a common benign tumor which is characterized by the development of multiple osteochondromas. Bilateral dorsal and ventral involvement of scapulae is extremely rare without any reported case in the literature. An 18-year-old girl was referred because of bilateral prominent scapulae and left-sided pain on shoulder girdle motion especially at more than 90° abduction and forward flexion. Radiograph evaluation showed multiple exostoses on ventral and dorsal surfaces of body of both scapulae; hence simple excision of the lesion was impossible...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999727/an-intervention-based-clinical-reasoning-framework-to-guide-the-management-of-thoracic-pain-in-a-dancer-a-case-report
#8
Michael Masaracchio, Kaitlin Kirker, Cristiana Kahl Collins, William Hanney, Xinliang Liu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: As a result of the anatomical proximity of the thoracic spine to the cervical, lumbar, and shoulder regions, dysfunction in the thoracic spine can influence pain, mobility, and stability across these areas. Currently, a paucity of evidence exists addressing treatment of individuals with primary thoracic pain, especially in young, athletic patients. Furthermore, current research discussing clinical reasoning frameworks focus on the differential diagnostic process...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997467/functional-outcomes-of-operative-management-of-scapula-fractures-in-a-geriatric-cohort
#9
Peter A Cole, Jeffrey A Gilbertson, Peter A Cole
OBJECTIVES: To analyze functional outcomes, motion, and strength in patients 65 years of age and older who underwent operative management of a scapula fracture. DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospective database. SETTING: A single level-1 teaching trauma center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred fifty patients with scapula fractures were operated between January 2002 and March 2014. A review identified 16 geriatric patients 65 years of age and older...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986326/kinematic-models-of-the-upper-limb-joints-for-multibody-kinematics-optimisation-an-overview
#10
Sonia Duprey, Alexandre Naaim, Florent Moissenet, Mickaël Begon, Laurence Chèze
Soft tissue artefact (STA), i.e. the motion of the skin, fat and muscles gliding on the underlying bone, may lead to a marker position error reaching up to 8.7cm for the particular case of the scapula. Multibody kinematics optimisation (MKO) is one of the most efficient approaches used to reduce STA. It consists in minimising the distance between the positions of experimental markers on a subject skin and the simulated positions of the same markers embedded on a kinematic model. However, the efficiency of MKO directly relies on the chosen kinematic model...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966031/bilateral-bony-fusion-around-the-supraspinatus-muscle-inducing-muscle-hypoplasia-and-shoulder-pain
#11
YeNa Son, Kyung Nam Ryu, Wook Jin, Ji Seon Park, So Young Park
We describe the case of a 30-year-old man who developed chronic bilateral shoulder pain that relapsed and remitted over the course of 1 year. The patient was diagnosed with congenital shoulder fusion anomalies. The right shoulder showed anomalous accessory articulation between the distal third of the clavicle and the acromion along with normal articulation of the shoulder on CT. At the left shoulder, bony fusions were present between the distal portion of the clavicle, the acromion, and the coracoid process, and between the coracoid process, upper portion of the glenoid, and upper body of the scapula, which formed a bony canal and was responsible for hypoplasia of the supraspinatus muscle on CT and MRI...
December 14, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957589/radiotherapy-for-aneurysmal-bone-cysts-a%C3%A2-rare-indication
#12
Khaled Elsayad, Jan Kriz, Heinrich Seegenschmiedt, Detlef Imhoff, Reinhard Heyd, Hans Theodor Eich, Oliver Micke
BACKGROUND: Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABC) are rapidly growing benign osseous lesions composed of blood-filled channels separated by fibrous septa. Since the value of external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) for ABC has not been well defined, the German Cooperative Group on Radiotherapy for Benign Diseases performed the national register study described herein. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Five German institutions collected data regarding clinical features, treatment concepts, and outcome for patients with ABC who had been referred for local EBRT over the past 30 years...
December 12, 2016: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955805/arthroscopic-treatment-of-snapping-scapula-syndrome-outcomes-at-minimum-of-2%C3%A2-years
#13
Travis J Menge, Marilee P Horan, Dimitri S Tahal, Justin J Mitchell, J Christoph Katthagen, Peter J Millett
PURPOSE: To investigate clinical outcomes after primary and revision arthroscopic treatment for snapping scapula syndrome (SSS) and identify predictive factors associated with outcomes. METHODS: Patients who underwent arthroscopic treatment for SSS between October 2005 and December 2013 were identified in a prospectively collected database. The inclusion criteria were patients with a diagnosis of symptomatic SSS, in whom extensive nonoperative modalities failed, who underwent arthroscopic surgery for SSS, and who had undergone surgery a minimum of 2 years earlier...
December 7, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942108/effects-of-scapular-stability-exercise-on-shoulder-stability-and-rehabilitative-ultrasound-images-in-office-workers
#14
Seong-Uk Go, Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] To examine the clinical effectiveness of scapular stability exercise on shoulder stability and rehabilitative ultrasound images in office workers. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-eight subjects were randomly divided into a scapular stability exercise group (n=19) and a manual therapy group (n=19). Subjects in the scapular stability exercise group performed a scapular stability exercise designed to correct the abnormal location of the scapula, at 40 minutes per session, two times per week, for 6 weeks...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913925/changes-in-stiffness-of-the-dorsal-scapular-muscles-before-and-after-computer-work-a-comparison-between-individuals-with-and-without-neck-and-shoulder-complaints
#15
Hiroaki Ishikawa, Takayuki Muraki, Shuhei Morise, Yusuke Sekiguchi, Nobuyuki Yamamoto, Eiji Itoi, Shin-Ichi Izumi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the stiffness of the dorsal scapular muscles before and after computer work between individuals with and without neck and shoulder complaints. METHODS: Thirty subjects were divided into patient (n = 18) and control (n = 12) groups. The stiffness of the upper trapezius, levator scapulae, and rhomboid major was measured using ultrasound elastography before and after a 30-min typing task. The strain ratio of the muscle to an acoustic coupler was calculated (a lower strain ratio value indicates greater muscle stiffness)...
December 2, 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900708/can-posterior-capsular-stretching-rehabilitation-protocol-change-scapula-kinematics-in-asymptomatic-baseball-pitchers
#16
A Pellegrini, P Tonino, D Salazar, K Hendrix, I Parel, A Cutti, P Paladini, F Ceccarelli, G Porcellini
PURPOSE: Scapular dyskinesis is a recognized cause of shoulder pain in the throwing shoulder of baseball pitchers and athletes who participate in overhead sports. Past studies have assessed scapular kinematics using electromagnetic tracking devices and have shown a correlation between posterior shoulder tightness and forward scapular posture. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the scapular kinematics, before and after a 4-week posterior stretching protocol in asymptomatic pitchers...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900545/functional-and-oncological-outcome-after-surgical-resection-of-the-scapula-and-clavicle-for-primary-chondrosarcoma
#17
S P F T Nota, M J A M Russchen, K A Raskin, H J Mankin, F J Hornicek, J H Schwab
PURPOSE: The scapula is a relatively common site for chondrosarcoma to develop in contrary to the clavicle, which is rarely affected by these tumors. The aim of this study is to determine the functional and oncological outcome for patients treated operatively for scapular or clavicular chondrosarcoma. METHODS: In this single-center retrospective study, we included a sample of 20 patients that received the diagnosis of a primary chondrosarcoma of the scapula or clavicle...
November 29, 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891243/a-comprehensive-musculoskeletal-and-peripheral-nervous-system-assessment-of-war-related-bilateral-upper-extremity-amputees
#18
Mostafa Allami, Batool Mousavi, Mehdi Masoumi, Ehsan Modirian, Hadi Shojaei, Fatemeh Mirsalimi, Maryam Hosseini, Pirouz Pirouzi
BACKGROUND: Upper limb amputations are one of the unpleasant war injuries that armed forces are exposed to frequently. The present study aimed to assess the musculoskeletal and peripheral nervous systems in Iraq-Iran war veterans with bilateral upper extremity amputation. METHODS: The study consisted of taking a history and clinical examinations including demographic data, presence and location of pain, level of amputation, passive and active ranges of movement of the joints across the upper and lower extremities and spine, manual palpation, neurological examination, blood circulation pulses and issues related to a prosthetic limb...
2016: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858087/three-dimensional-analysis-of-the-proximal-humeral-and-glenoid-geometry-using-microscribe-3d-digitizer
#19
Wejdan H Owaydhah, Mohammad A Alobaidy, Abdulrahman S Alraddadi, Roger W Soames
PURPOSE: To understand the geometry of the proximal humerus and glenoid fossa to facilitate the design of components used in shoulder arthroplasty. The aim is to evaluate the geometry of the proximal humerus and glenoid fossa and their relationship using a MicroScribe 3D digitizer. METHODS: Scans and measurements were obtained from 20 pairs of dry proximal humeri and scapulae [10 female and 10 male cadavers: median age 81 years (range 70-94 years)] using a MicroScribe 3D digitizer and Rhinoceros software...
November 17, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847244/effect-of-scapular-stabilization-during-cross-body-stretch-on-the-hardness-of-infraspinatus-teres-minor-and-deltoid-muscles-an-ultrasonic-shear-wave-elastography-study
#20
Jun Umehara, Satoshi Hasegawa, Masatoshi Nakamura, Satoru Nishishita, Hiroki Umegaki, Hiroki Tanaka, Kosuke Fujita, Ken Kusano, Noriaki Ichihashi
BACKGROUND: Posterior shoulder tightness is a contributing factor to shoulder injuries. Cross-body stretch is a method frequently prescribed to stretch the posterior shoulder structures. This stretching is performed horizontally adducting the shoulder with or without manual stabilization of the scapula by the therapist. However, no studies have investigated the effect of scapular stabilization during cross-body stretch using shear elastic modulus as an index of muscle hardness in vivo...
October 12, 2016: Manual Therapy
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