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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939425/kinematic-analysis-of-a-drinking-task-in-chronic-hemiparetic-patients-using-features-analysis-and-statistical-parametric-mapping
#1
Gabriela Lopes Santos, Thiago Luiz Russo, Angela Nieuwenhuys, Davide Monari, Kaat Desloovere
OBJECTIVE: To compare sitting posture and movement strategies between chronic hemiparetic and healthy subjects while performing a drinking task using Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM) and feature analysis. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Department of Physical Therapy of University. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen chronic hemiparetic and thirteen healthy individuals matched for gender and age. INTERVENTION: Not applicable...
September 19, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939321/ultrasound-guided-interscalene-brachial-plexus-nerve-block-with-an-ultralow-volume-of-local-anesthetic-for-post-thoracotomy-shoulder-girdle-pain
#2
Theodosios Saranteas, Anastasia Alevizou, Tatiana Sidiropoulou, Andreas Mavrogenis, Periklis Tomos, Panagiota Florou, Thomas Papadimos, Georgia Kostopanagiotou
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of ultrasound-guided interscalene nerve block using an ultralow volume of local anesthetic (5 mL of ropivacaine, 0.75%) for the management of post-thoracotomy shoulder girdle pain. DESIGN: Open-cohort, prospective, single-center study. SETTING: University hospital. INTERVENTIONS: Patients with post-thoracotomy shoulder girdle pain (visual analog scale [VAS] ≥5) received an ultrasound-guided interscalene nerve block...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918579/analysis-of-undesirable-sequelae-of-sentinel-node-surgery-in-breast-cancer-patients-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Dominika Kozak, Iwona Głowacka-Mrotek, Tomasz Nowikiewicz, Zygmunt Siedlecki, Wojciech Hagner, Magdalena Sowa, Wojciech Zegarski
Use of sentinel lymph node biopsy limits the frequency and severity of sequelae of surgical treatment. However, the procedure itself may not be completely free of complications. The goal of this work was to analyze prospectively the occurrence of undesirable sequelae in patients undergoing sentinel lymph node biopsy as an isolated intervention in the axillary fossa. This prospective observational study was conducted on a group of 104 women. Patients were examined on five occasions: one day before the procedure, one day after the procedure, one month, three months, and six months after the procedure...
September 16, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904847/correlation-between-scapular-asymmetry-and-differences-in-left-and-right-side-activity-of-muscles-adjacent-to-the-scapula
#4
Seong-Gil Kim
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between scapular asymmetry in young female adults and differences in left and right side activity of muscles adjacent to the scapula. METHODS: This study included 60 female students from U university in Korea. In order to examine scapular asymmetry, the lateral scapular slide test (LSST) was used. The LSST was performed in 3 different postures (LSST-1, LSST-2, and LSST-3; i.e., 0°, 45°, and 90° of upper limb abduction, respectively)...
August 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898793/displaced-acromion-fracture-a-rare-injury-case-report
#5
Özgür Çiçekli, Abdülhalim Akar, Hüseyin Nevzat Topçu
INTRODUCTION: Acromion fractures are extremely rare. There are no common accepted treatment schemes and fixation methods We aimed to present a case which may contribute to the diagnosis and treatment of acromion fracture in a patient with polytrauma. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Acromion fracture associated with scapula and clavicle fractures was diagnosed in 40 years old patient and treated with open reduction and cannulated screw fixation. The fracture healing was completed without causing subacromial impingement...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894676/meta-analysis-of-long-thoracic-nerve-decompression-and-neurolysis-versus-muscle-and-tendon-transfer-operative-treatments-of-winging-scapula
#6
Rahul K Nath, Chandra Somasundaram
BACKGROUND: Injury to long thoracic and the spinal accessory nerves can cause winging scapula as a result of weakness and paralysis of the trapezius and serratus anterior muscles. Although these nerve and muscle operations have been reported to correct winging scapula due to various causes, there is no report on comparing the outcomes of these procedures in peer-reviewed Pubmed-indexed literature. In this article, we compared the improvements in the restoration of shoulder functions in winging scapula patients after long thoracic nerve decompression (LTND) in our present study with outcomes of muscle and tendon transfer operations published in the literature (Aetna cited articles)...
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893848/a-review-of-10-years-of-scapula-injuries-sustained-by-uk-military-personnel-on-operations
#7
Darren C Roberts, D M Power, S A Stapley
BACKGROUND: Scapula fractures are relatively uncommon injuries, mostly occurring due to the effects of high-energy trauma. Rates of scapula fractures are unknown in the military setting. The aim of this study is to analyse the incidence, aetiology, associated injuries, treatment and complications of these fractures occurring in deployed military personnel. METHODS: All UK military personnel returning with upper limb injuries from Afghanistan and Iraq were retrospectively reviewed using the Royal Centre for Defence Medicine database and case notes (2004-2014)...
September 11, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890303/a-simulation-framework-for-humeral-head-translations
#8
Ehsan Sarshari, Alain Farron, Alexandre Terrier, Dominique Pioletti, Philippe Mullhaupt
Humeral head translations (HHT) play a crucial role in the glenohumeral (GH) joint function. The available shoulder musculoskeletal models developed based on inverse dynamics however fall short of predicting the HHT. This study aims at developing a simulation framework that allows forward-dynamics simulation of a shoulder musculoskeletal model with a 6 degrees of freedom (DOF) GH joint. It provides a straightforward solution to the HHT prediction problem. We show that even within a forward-dynamics simulation addressing the HHT requires further information about the contact...
September 7, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884100/relationship-between-the-critical-shoulder-angle-and-the-development-of-rotator-cuff-lesions-a-retrospective-epidemiological-study
#9
Leandro Cardoso Gomide, Thiago Correa do Carmo, Guilherme Henrique Moreira Bergo, Glauber Araújo Oliveira, Igor Severino Macedo
OBJECTIVE: To perform a retrospective epidemiological study of radiographs in order to evaluate the relationship between the anatomy of the scapula and the development of rotator cuff injuries (RCIs). METHODS: This study retrospectively evaluated the relation of the critical shoulder angle (CSA) and RCIs from January 2011 to November 2013; patients were examined in the Orthopedics and Traumatology Department of a university hospital. The CSA was measured by radiographic standardization of two groups: a control group of 34 asymptomatic shoulders and a study group of 44 shoulders with complete RCIs...
June 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868087/use-of-shoulder-pacemaker-for-treatment-of-functional-shoulder-instability-proof-of-concept
#10
Philipp Moroder, Marvin Minkus, Elisabeth Böhm, Victor Danzinger, Christian Gerhardt, Markus Scheibel
BACKGROUND: Functional shoulder instability (polar type III) is caused by underactivity of rotator cuff and periscapular muscles, which leads to subluxation or dislocation during shoulder movement. While surgical treatment has shown no benefits, aggravates pain, and frequently diminishes function even further, conservative treatment is often ineffective as well. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to investigate the effectiveness of a "shoulder pacemaker" device that stimulates underactive muscles in patients with functional instability during shoulder movement in order to re-establish glenohumeral stability...
2017: Obere Extremität
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862102/shoulder-motion-assistance-using-a-single-joint-hybrid-assistive-limb-%C3%A2-robot-evaluation-of-its-safety-and-validity-in-healthy-adults
#11
Takeshi Makihara, Hideki Kadone, Shinzo Onishi, Shigeki Kubota, Yasushi Hada, Yukiyo Shimizu, Hiroaki Kawamoto, Yoshiyuki Sankai, Masashi Yamazaki
PURPOSES: To evaluate the feasibility of using the single-joint Hybrid Assistive Limb(®) robot (HAL) to assist with shoulder flexion-extension in healthy adults, and to assess the capacity of the HAL to analyze the bioelectrical signals of muscle activity for shoulder flexion-extension. METHODS: This cross-sectional feasibility study included six healthy adult men with no impairment in shoulder motion. The single-joint HAL was fixed to a custom-designed platform and upper arm attachment, and aligned 3 cm below the acromion process...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861623/arthroscopic-management-of-snapping-scapula-syndrome-improves-pain-and-functional-outcomes-although-a-high-rate-of-residual-symptoms-has-been-reported
#12
M Memon, J Kay, N Simunovic, O R Ayeni
PURPOSE: To investigate the use of arthroscopy in the management of patients with snapping scapula syndrome, including aetiology, surgical decision-making, outcomes, complications, effectiveness of arthroscopy, and quality of evidence of the existing literature. METHODS: Three databases (PubMed, Ovid [MEDLINE], and EMBASE) were searched independently and in duplicate to systematically screen the literature. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) checklist guided the reporting and data abstraction...
September 1, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854081/treatment-of-axillary-web-syndrome-using-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-and-thoracic-manipulation-for-associated-thoracic-rotation-dysfunction-a-case-report
#13
Patricia Crane, Jaclyn Ladden, Danielle Monica
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of research that investigates physical therapy management for patients with axillary web syndrome (AWS) and thoracic rotation dysfunction. The purpose of this case report is to describe the management of a patient with AWS and thoracic rotation dysfunction using an impairment-based approach that includes instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM), thoracic manipulation, and stretching. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was a 48-year-old female with a past medical history of bilateral breast cancer with a bilateral latissimus dorsi flap reconstruction...
August 30, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853127/winging-of-the-scapula-diagnosed-as-parsonage-turner-syndrome-a-case-report
#14
Christine Carroll, Bill Bass
A 24-year-old active duty female Soldier complained of right shoulder burning, stinging, electrical shock-like pain with radiation to the right hand after completing a ruck march. She also complained of swelling and feelings of her cold right hand. Examination showed a deficit in the deltoid, upper trapezius, supraspinatus, and also right winging of the scapula. She also exhibited weakness to right arm, weak right hand grip, and decreased sensation over the dorsal right hand. The right hand was also noticed to be colder to touch than the left one...
July 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808757/ct-guided-percutaneous-trans-scapular-lung-biopsy-in-the-diagnosis-of-peripheral-pulmonary-lesion-nodules-of-the-superior-lobes-using-large-needles
#15
Alberto Rebonato, Daniele Maiettini, Marco Andolfi, Matthias J Fischer, Jacopo Vannucci, Giulio Metro, Antonio Basile, Michele Rossi, Michele Duranti
PURPOSE: CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic lung needle biopsy (PLB) is an effective procedure for obtaining cyto-histological diagnoses of peripheral lesions. However, upper postero-lateral lung nodules (UPLN) may be difficult to reach using a standard intercostal either anterior or lateral approach or when the nodule is just behind a rib or scapula. We evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of trans-scapular approach (tPLB) in these patients using large-core needles. METHODS: We retrospectively collected the data of 11 consecutive patients (mean age 74...
August 14, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777666/shoulder-bone-geometry-affects-the-active-and-passive-axial-rotational-range-of-the-glenohumeral-joint
#16
Alexander Humphries, Srdjan Cirovic, Aliah F Shaheen
BACKGROUND: The range of motion of the glenohumeral joint varies substantially among individuals and is dependent on humeral position. How variation in shape of the humerus and scapula affects shoulder axial range of motion at various positions has not been established. PURPOSE: To quantify variation in the shape of the glenohumeral joint and investigate whether the scapula and humerus geometries affect the axial rotational range of the glenohumeral joint. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763415/clinical-and-radiographic-outcomes-of-the-ream-and-run-procedure-for-primary-glenohumeral-arthritis
#17
Jeremy S Somerson, Moni B Neradilek, Benjamin C Service, Jason E Hsu, Stacy M Russ, Frederick A Matsen
BACKGROUND: The ream-and-run procedure can provide improvement in shoulder function and comfort for selected patients with primary glenohumeral arthritis who wish to avoid a prosthetic glenoid component. The purpose of this study was to evaluate factors associated with medialization of the humeral head after this procedure as well as the relationship of medialization to the clinical outcome. METHODS: We collected patient, shoulder, and procedure characteristics along with Simple Shoulder Test (SST) scores before surgery and at the time of follow-up...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750994/inter-rater-and-intra-rater-reliability-of-a-movement-control-test-in-shoulder
#18
S Rajasekar, Rakshith K Bangera, Padmanaban Sekaran
BACKGROUND: Movement faults are commonly observed in patients with musculoskeletal pain. The Kinetic Medial Rotation Test (KMRT) is a movement control test used to identify movement faults of the scapula and gleno-humeral joints during arm movement. Objective tests such as the KMRT need to be reliable and valid for the results to be applied across different clinical settings and patient populations. The primary objective of the present study was to determine the intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of KMRT in subjects with and without shoulder pain...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750990/a-comparison-of-scapulothoracic-muscle-electromyographic-activity-in-subjects-with-and-without-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-during-a-functional-task
#19
Kh Ayatollahi, F Okhovatian, K K Kalantari, A Akbarzade Baghban
Shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS) is the common cause of shoulder pain and disability and the individuals suffering from it are usually in different levels of physical activity covering an extensive age range. In spite of limited scientific evidence for an altered motor pattern in the shoulder muscles of patients with SIS, they are frequently referred to physiotherapists in an attempt to optimize coordination and strength of the affected muscles. The aim of this study was to compare scapular muscle activity in a general population of subjects with and without SIS during an arm elevation task executed at different speeds in two load conditions...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750976/scapular-dyskinesis-among-competitive-swimmers
#20
Maayan Bussiba Maor, Tatyana Ronin, Leonid Kalichman
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of scapular dyskinesis (SD) in competitive swimmers during training sessions. METHODS: Repeated measurement observational study.20 young competitive swimmers were filmed before, at midpoint and at the end of a training session, performing shoulder flexion and abduction. SD was examined separately by two assessors. Demographic and Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaires were collected. RESULTS: SD was observed in 30% of the swimmers before training, in 70%, an hour later, and in 80%, upon completion of the training session...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
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