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Scapula shoulder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642648/morphological-analysis-of-the-scapula-and-its-implications-in-bristow-latarjet-procedure
#1
Joana Daniela DE Oliveira Silva, Catarina Neves Damas, Márcia Christel DE Carvalho Sá, João Manuel Costa Ferreira Torres
OBJECTIVE: To assess which of two procedures, Bristow or Latarjet, is anatomically the most appropriate for the general population . METHODS: One thousand one hundred and thirty two shoulders were evaluated by an observer who measured the following coracoid process parameters - length, angle and minimum thickness - through Computed Tomography (CT) analysis. Statistical analysis was carried out by ANOVA and Bland-Altman tests . RESULTS: The mean length, angle and minimum thickness of the coracoid were 27...
January 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637601/clinical-assessment-of-subacromial-shoulder-impingement-which-factors-differ-from-the-asymptomatic-population
#2
Helen Land, Susan Gordon, Kerrianne Watt
BACKGROUND: To date, the significance of factors purported to be associated with subacromial shoulder impingement (SSI) and what differences, if any, are present in those with SSI compared to a matched asymptomatic population has not been identified. Gaining information about differences between people with SSI and asymptomatic people may direct clinicians towards treatments that impact upon these differences. OBJECTIVE: Compare the assessment findings of factors suggested to be associated with SSI; passive posterior shoulder range, passive internal rotation range, resting cervical and thoracic postures, active thoracic range in standing and scapula positioning between cases experiencing SSI and a matched asymptomatic group (controls)...
February 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630837/excision-of-solitary-osteochondroma-on-the-ventral-aspect-of-left-scapula-presenting-as-pseudowinging-in-a-4-year-old-boy-a-rare-case-report
#3
P Hegin Tungdim, I Ibomcha Singh, Sagnik Mukherjee, Tobu Pertin
INTRODUCTION: Osteochondroma is a benign bony lesion with cartilaginous cap occurring usually in long bones, but flat bones may also be involved, either isolated or as a part of a syndrome. Usually, they are asymptomatic, but appearance of symptoms such as mass effect may warrant surgical intervention, which is usually delayed till skeletal maturity. CASE REPORT: A 4-year-old male child presented with swelling on ventral aspect of inferior angle of scapula associated with pain, pseudowinging of scapula, and snapping sound of the left shoulder on movement...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626317/the-effect-of-the-push-up-plus-on-shoulder-muscle-activation-while-using-a-sling-with-a-pulley
#4
Kim Tae Ho, Kong Kwan Woo
[Purpose] This study was conducted to investigate the effects of the push-up plus while using a balance ball, a sling, and a sling with a pulley in a creeping position on an unstable floor. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were divided into three groups of 15 members each who performed the different three type methods of push-up plus (with scapulae protruding) in a random order while in a creeping posture. The muscle activity of each group in the push-up plus posture was measured using electromyography, and the measurement values were compared among the groups using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA)...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624856/the-glenocapsular-ligament-and-the-posterosuperior-part-of-the-joint-capsule-of-the-shoulder-are-well-vascularized
#5
Elle Põldoja, Madis Rahu, Kristo Kask, Jüri-Toomas Kartus, Imke Weyers, Ivo Kolts
PURPOSE: A detailed structural anatomy of the posterosuperior shoulder capsule and "glenocapsular ligament" is still rather unknown. The purpose of this study was meticulously to investigate and describe the structure and blood supply of the glenocapsular ligament on the posterosuperior shoulder joint capsule. METHOD: Sixteen fixed and twelve fresh cadaveric shoulder specimens with a mean age of 73.4 (±6.4) years were analysed. Dissection without arterial injection was performed on the 16 fixed specimens-using an alcohol-formalin-glycerol solution...
June 17, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614252/suprascapular-nerve-entrapment-caused-by-an-intraosseous-ganglion-of-the-scapula-a-case-report
#6
Jung Ryul Kim, Sung Il Wang
RATIONALE: Suprascapular nerve compression is a rare but important entity that is often missed in clinical practice. Nerve dysfunction caused by an intraosseous ganglion of the glenoid is extremely rare, to the best of our knowledge, only 1 case of suprascapular nerve entrapment due to an intraosseous ganglion cyst has been reported previously in the published literature. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a 61-year-old woman who had complained right shoulder pain that lasted over 3 years which was exacerbated by overhead activities...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605288/neck-and-scapula-focused-exercise-training-on-patients-with-non-specific-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Taha Ibrahim Yildiz, Elif Turgut, Irem Duzgun
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of additional 6-week scapular stabilization training in patients with non-specific neck pain (NNP). MATERIALS AND METHOD: Thirty patients with non-specific neck pain were randomly allocated to the study. Fifteen participants in the intervention group (IG) received neck-focused exercise and scapular stabilization training while 15 participants in the control group(CG) received neck-focused exercise training...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595162/rotator-cuff-tendinopathy-alters-the-muscle-activity-onset-and-kinematics-of-scapula
#8
Hio Teng Leong, Gabriel Yin-Fat Ng, Shing Chung Chan, Siu Ngor Fu
Athletes with rotator cuff (RC) tendinopathy demonstrate an aberrant pattern of scapular motion which might relate to deficits in the scapular muscles. This study aimed to determine whether alteration in scapular kinematics is associated with deficits in the activity onset of scapular muscles. Forty-three male volleyball players (17 asymptomatic and 26 with RC tendinopathy) joined the study. Three-dimensional scapular kinematics was quantified using an acromial marker cluster method. The activity onset of the upper (UT), middle (MT), and lower trapezius (LT), and serratus anterior (SA) during arm abduction was assessed with electromyography...
August 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593097/the-effect-of-electrical-stimulation-versus-sham-cueing-on-scapular-position-during-exercise-in-patients-with-scapular-dyskinesis
#9
Deborah L Walker, Cheryl J Hickey, Mason B Tregoning
BACKGROUND: Conventional therapeutic exercise programs are commonly used to treat patients with scapular dyskinesis. There are no studies that have examined traditional therapeutic exercise programs with the addition of remote triggered electrical stimulation (ES) to affect the position of the scapula (using spine to scapular border distance as a reference point) during the performance of exercises that have lower upper trapezius (UT) to lower trapezius (LT) ratio exercises. PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot study was to compare scapular position after performance of three low UT/LT ratio therapeutic exercises in two conditions, electrical stimulation (ESTherex) and sham electrical stimulation (ShamTherex) in asymptomatic persons who were positive for scapular dyskinesis...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576347/scapular-muscle-dysfunction-associated-with-subacromial-pain-syndrome
#10
Birgit Castelein, Barbara Cagnie, Ann Cools
STUDY DESIGN: Narrative Review. INTRODUCTION: One of the shoulder pain disorders in which the function of the scapula is comprised is the subacromial pain syndrome. Several rehabilitation guidelines and exercises have been proposed to improve scapulothoracic muscle dysfunction. Consideration of muscle activation patterns may help to select the most appropriate rehabilitation exercise in these patients. To date, suggesting rehabilitation exercises is often based upon the knowledge of the superficial lying scapulothoracic muscles' activity...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572850/the-treatment-of-multidirectional-instability-of-the-shoulder-with-a-rehabilitation-programme-part-2
#11
REVIEW
Lyn Watson, Sarah Warby, Simon Balster, Ross Lenssen, Tania Pizzari
BACKGROUND: The most commonly recommended initial treatment for multidirectional instability is a rehabilitation program. Although there is evidence to support the effect of conservative management on this condition, the published literature provides little information on the exercise parameters of such programs. METHODS: This paper is the second part of a two-part series that outlines a six-stage rehabilitation program for multidirectional instability with a focus on scapula control and exercise drills into functional positions...
January 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567224/the-dimensions-of-the-scapula-glenoid-in-japanese-rotator-cuff-tear-patients
#12
Yoshiharu Shimozono, Ryuzo Arai, Shuichi Matsuda
BACKGROUND: Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty has become a widely accepted surgical procedure in Japan since the time when the implants were approved for use in 2014. There is a doubt, however, as to whether the implants designed for Western people are suitable for Japanese people, particularly for females of relatively small stature. The purpose of this study was to investigate the glenoid dimension, with special focus on the length after glenoid reaming, in Japanese rotator cuff tear patients...
June 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545718/the-effect-of-glenoid-component-version-and-humeral-polyethylene-liner-rotation-on-subluxation-and-impingement-in-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty
#13
Vijay N Permeswaran, Andrea Caceres, Jessica E Goetz, Donald D Anderson, Carolyn M Hettrich
BACKGROUND: A previously validated finite element modeling approach was used to determine how changes in glenoid component version and polyethylene liner rotation within the humeral component affect the arm abduction angle at which impingement between the inferior glenoid and the polyethylene liner occurs as well as the amount of subluxation generated by that impingement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five glenoid component versions (5° anteversion; neutral; 5°, 10°, and 20° retroversion) and 7 polyethylene liner rotations (20° and 10° anterior; neutral; 10°, 20°, 30°, and 40° posterior) were considered, resulting in 35 different clinically representative models...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533618/interrater-reliability-and-intrarater-reliability-of-lateral-scapular-slide-tests-of-females-in-their-20s
#14
Sang-Young Park
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to examine the intrarater reliability and intrarater reliability of lateral scapular slide tests among young females. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 60 female students in U University in Gyeongsangbuk-do, South Korea participated in this study. Lateral scapular slide tests (LSST) were conducted to identify interrater & intrarater reliability. In the LSSTs, the distance from the inferior angle of the scapula to thoracic vertebral spinous process T8 was measured in three positions (shoulder joint 0°, 45°, and 90° abduction) using tape measures...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532884/the-role-of-scapular-kinematics-in-patients-with-different-shoulder-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review-approach
#15
REVIEW
Roshanak Keshavarz, Siamak Bashardoust Tajali, Seyed Mohsen Mir, H Ashrafi
This study aimed to identify the role of the scapula in shoulder musculoskeletal disorders (SMDs) and provided a systematic review of available studies in the field of scapular three-dimensional kinematics. We systematically searched 5 international databases, including Scopus, EMBASE, PubMed, CINAHL, PEDro, and Cochrane Library from June to September 2015. Twenty studies met the inclusion criteria and were retrieved in full paper. The selected studies were critically appraised independently by two researchers...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530477/reliability-and-validity-of-an-acromion-marker-cluster-for-recording-scapula-posture-at-end-range-clavicle-protraction-retraction-elevation-and-depression
#16
Yaheli Bet-Or, Wolbert van den Hoorn, Venerina Johnston, Shaun P O'Leary
Acromion Marker Cluster (AMC) methods have been shown to accurately track scapula motion during humeral elevation below 90°, however, their accuracy has not been assessed in shoulder girdle motion such as clavicle protraction, retraction, elevation and depression independent of humeral movement. The aim of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the AMC method to record scapula orientation at end range clavicle protraction, retraction, elevation and depression. The right scapulae of twenty-two female and twenty male asymptomatic volunteers were assessed with an AMC and Scapula Locator (SL) method during end range clavicle protraction, retraction, elevation and depression (without humeral elevation) using an eight-camera 3D movement registration system...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478902/effects-of-short-malunion-of-the-clavicle-on-in-vivo-scapular-kinematics
#17
DooSup Kim, DongWoo Lee, YoungHwan Jang, JunSeop Yeom, Scott A Banks
BACKGROUND: Short malunion of the clavicle after fracture can change scapular kinematics and alter clinical outcome. However, the effects of malunion on kinematics and outcomes remains poorly understood because there have been no in vivo studies measuring changes during active motion with malunion. This study aimed to measure and to compare in vivo 3-dimensional (3D) scapular kinematics between normal shoulders and shoulders with short malunion using 3D-2-dimensional model image registration techniques...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463922/ultrasound-screening-for-posterior-shoulder-dislocation-in-infants-with-persistent-brachial-plexus-birth-palsy
#18
Andrea S Bauer, Justin F Lucas, Nasser Heyrani, Ryan L Anderson, Leslie A Kalish, Michelle A James
BACKGROUND: Early detection of posterior shoulder dislocation in infants with brachial plexus birth palsy (BPBP) is essential, but it may be difficult to accomplish with physical examination alone. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of shoulder dislocation in patients with BPBP using ultrasound and to identify which physical examination measurements correlated most with dislocation in these patients. METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of data obtained in an ultrasound screening program of infants with BPBP born from January 2011 to April 2014...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449618/telerehabilitation-after-arthroscopic-subacromial-decompression-is-effective-and-not-inferior-to-standard-practice-preliminary-results
#19
Jose Manuel Pastora-Bernal, Rocío Martín-Valero, Francisco Javier Barón-López, Noelia Guerrero Moyano, María-José Estebanez-Pérez
Background Telerehabilitation promises to improve quality, increase patient access and reduce costs in health care. Physiotherapy with exercises is generally recommended to restore function after surgery in patients with chronic subacromial syndrome. Relatively few studies have investigated the feasibility of telerehabilitation interventions in musculoskeletal and orthopaedic disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of a customizable telerehabilitation intervention and compare with traditional care...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420897/in-vivo-analysis-of-three-dimensional-dynamic-scapular-dyskinesis-in-scapular-or-clavicular-fractures
#20
Eugene Kim, Jai Hyung Park, Byeong-Ryong Han, Hee Jin Park, So Yeon Lee, Tsuyoshi Murase, Kazumi Sugamoto, Sumika Ikemoto, Se-Jin Park
The three-dimensional (3D) kinematics of the scapula were analyzed in vivo in 10 patients with scapular and 10 patients with clavicular fracture. Both the injured shoulder and normal contralateral shoulder were evaluated by computed tomography in the neutral and fully elevated positions. 3D rotational and translational movements of the scapula relative to the thorax during arm elevation were analyzed. A computer simulation program was used to compare rotational elevation/depression in the coronal plane, anterior/posterior tilting in the sagittal plane and protraction/retraction in the axial plane between the normal and affected sides...
April 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
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