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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209012/a-case-of-verruciform-xanthoma-arising-in-the-tongue
#1
Yukihiro Hiraishi, Itaru Tojyo, Norifumi Kiga, Koji Tanimoto, Shigeyuki Fujita
Verruciform Xanthoma (VX) is a rare lesion of the oral cavity. Histologically, it is characterized by papillary or verrucous proliferation of squamous epithelium and numerous foam cells. VX arising in the tongue is comparatively rare, as most cases of VX in oral cavity occur in gingiva. A 65-year-old woman was referred to our clinic with a mass on the left side of the tongue. The lesion was yellowish, and its surface was granulated. The patient had neither tenderness nor any symptoms. The lesion was clinically diagnosed to be a benign tumor, and hence, biopsy was performed, according to which it was diagnosed as hyperparakeratosis...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205252/sensory-deficits-after-a-radial-nerve-injury
#2
Jayme Augusto Bertelli, Erica Cavalli, Vera Lúcia Mendes Lehn, Marcos Flávio Ghizoni
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to objectively test sensibility on the dorsal side of the hand in patients with radial nerve injury, to document deficits and to detect if surgery for sensory reconstruction is needed. METHODS: Nineteen patients of mean age 31 ± 10 years were examined at a mean of 26.4 ± 27.8 months post radial nerve injury. Sensory mechanical thresholds on the dorsal surface of the hand were evaluated using Semmes-Weinstein monofilaments...
February 16, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203021/-comparision-for-clinical-efficiency-of-continuous-adductor-canal-block-and-femoral-nerve-block-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#3
M W Zhao, N Wang, L Zeng, M Li, Z K Zhao, H Zhang, H Tian
OBJECTIVE: To compare the pain control efficiency of continuous adductor canal block (ACB) and femoral nerve block (FNB) in total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: From April to September 2016, patients with severe knee osteoarthritis undergoing primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) were prospectively observed, and all the patients were randomized received ultrasound-guided continuous ACB or FNB after surgery. Numeric pain rating scales(NPRS)pain scores in rest and activity 2, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h after surgery were collected, and the preoperative and postoperative quadriceps strength at 24 and 48 h were analyzed...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196393/does-manipulation-under-anesthesia-increase-the-risk-of-revision-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-matched-case-control-study
#4
Todd P Pierce, Kimona Issa, Anthony Festa, Anthony J Scillia, Vincent K McInerney, Michael A Mont
Manipulation under anesthesia (MUA) can help patients regain an adequate range of motion (ROM) following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Although there are studies reporting that MUA can assist in improving ROM, there is a paucity of studies regarding whether requiring an MUA is associated with an increased risk of revision. The purpose of this study was to assess the: (1) incidence of revision TKA and (2) outcomes of those undergoing MUA and compare it with a matched cohort who did not require MUA. A prospectively collected database of two high-volume institutions was assessed for patients who required a single MUA following TKA between 2005 and 2011...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194399/the-role-of-permissive-and-induced-hypotension-in-current-neuroanesthesia-practice
#5
Suren Soghomonyan, Nicoleta Stoicea, Gurneet S Sandhu, Jeffrey J Pasternak, Sergio D Bergese
BACKGROUND: Induced hypotension (IH) had been used for decades in neurosurgery to reduce the risk for intraoperative blood loss and decrease blood replacement. More recently, this method fell out of favor because of concerns for cerebral and other end-organ ischemia and worse treatment outcomes. Other contributing factors to the decline in its popularity include improvements in microsurgical technique, widespread use of endovascular procedures, and advances in blood conservation and transfusion protocols...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185794/neuraxial-opioids-for-post-cesarean-delivery-analgesia-can-hydromorphone-replace-morphine-a-retrospective-study
#6
B Marroquin, C Feng, A Balofsky, K Edwards, A Iqbal, J Kanel, M Jackson, M Newton, D Rothstein, E Wong, R Wissler
BACKGROUND: Cesarean delivery is the most common surgical procedure performed in the USA. We evaluated the postoperative analgesic properties of neuraxial hydromorphone compared to neuraxial morphine for post-cesarean delivery analgesia. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of women who underwent cesarean delivery and received neuraxial anesthesia from March to November 2011 and from March to November 2012. A total of 450 patients received intrathecal morphine 200μg and 387 patients received intrathecal hydromorphone 60μg...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185011/continuous-intraoperative-epidural-infusions-affect-recovery-room-length-of-stay-and-analgesic-requirements-a-single-center-observational-study
#7
Aalap C Shah, Bala G Nair, Charles F Spiekerman, Laurent A Bollag
PURPOSE: Continuous intraoperative epidural analgesia may improve post-operative pain control and decrease opioid requirements. We investigate the effect of epidural infusion initiation before or after arrival in the post-anesthesia care unit on recovery room duration and post-operative opioid use. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of abdominal, thoracic and orthopedic surgeries where an epidural catheter was placed prior to surgery at the University of Washington Medical Center during a 24 month period...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184269/the-effect-of-ketorolac-and-dexamethasone-on-the-incidence-of-sore-throat-in-women-after-thyroidectomy-a-prospective-double-blinded-randomized-trial
#8
Chunwoo Yang, Sung Mee Jung, Yu Kyung Bae, Sang-Jin Park
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the effect of two drugs with anti-inflammatory action, dexamethasone and ketorolac, on reduction of postoperative sore throat (POST) after general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation in patients undergoing thyroidectomy. METHODS: One hundred and ninety-two female patients scheduled to undergo general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation for thyroidectomy were enrolled in this prospective study. Participants were randomly allocated to receive intravenous medication; placebo (Group C, n = 45), ketorolac 30 mg immediately before intubation (Group Kpre, n = 47), ketorolac 30 mg at the end of surgery (Group Kpost, n = 45) and dexamethasone 10 mg (Group D, n = 43)...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183581/chemotherapy-alters-cisatracurium-induced-neuromuscular-blockade-characteristics-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Amir Poya Zanjani, Maziar Maghsoudloo, Jalil Makarem, Fahimeh Farokhnia, Morteza Fazli, Zahid Hussain Khan
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the characteristics of NMDR induced muscle paralysis in breast cancer patients with and without a history of recent chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin and 5-fluorouracil (CAF) regimen. DESIGN: This is a non-randomized prospective cohort study. SETTING: Operating room of a university-affiliated teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Out of a total of 50 patients who had undergone mastectomy, 22 patients were allocated to the "Chemo group" and 28 patients to the "Non-Chemo group", based on a valid history of recent chemotherapy...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174658/making-safer-preoperative-arrangements-for-patients-using-vitamin-k-antagonists
#10
Joris van Fessem, Jessica Willems, Marieke Kruip, Sanne Hoeks, Robert Jan Stolker
Use of vitamin K antagonists creates a risk for patient health and safety. The Dutch framework "Nationwide Standard Integrated Care of Anticoagulation" propagates a shared plan and responsibility by surgeon and anesthesiologist together in the preoperative setting. In our institution, this framework had not been implemented. Therefore, a quality-improvement project was started at the Anesthesia Department to improve perioperative safety. After exploration of barriers, multiple interventions were carried out to encourage co-workers at the preoperative screening department to take shared responsibility: distribution of prints, adjustments in electronic patient records, introduction of a protocol and education sessions...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174025/effects-of-liposome-based-local-suppression-of-nerve-growth-factor-in-the-bladder-on-autonomic-dysreflexia-during-urinary-bladder-distention-in-rats-with-spinal-cord-injury
#11
Katsumi Kadekawa, Tsuyoshi Yoshizawa, Naoki Wada, Takahiro Shimizu, Tsuyoshi Majima, Pradeep Tyagi, William C de Groat, Kimio Sugaya, Naoki Yoshimura
PURPOSE: To examine (1) whether spinal cord injury (SCI) time-dependently increases the severity of autonomic dysreflexia (AD) and expression levels of bladder nerve growth factor (NGF) protein, and (2) whether local suppression of NGF in the bladder improves SCI-induced AD in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SCI was produced by the transection of the T2/3 spinal cord in female Sprague-Dawley rats. At 4 or 8weeks after SCI, differences in the mean arterial blood pressure (ΔMAP) and heart rate (ΔMHR) during graded increases in intravesical pressure to 20, 40 and 60cm H2O from those before bladder distention and NGF protein levels in the bladder wall were evaluated in spinal intact and SCI rats under urethane anesthesia...
February 4, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168131/radiological-and-functional-outcome-of-medial-epicondyle-fracture-treated-surgically-in-children-and-adolescents-a-retrospective-study
#12
Sagar Panthi, Kishor Khatri, Krishna Kharel, Raju Vaishya, Amit Kumar Agarwal, Vipul Vijay
PURPOSE: Fractures of the medial humeral epicondyle represent approximately 10% of all pediatric elbow fractures. Surgically treated pediatric fractures of the medial humeral epicondyle were analyzed retrospectively for their epidemiological, clinical, radiological and surgical parameters. The evaluation includes the Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS). METHODS: Twenty-five surgically treated fractures of the medial humeral epicondyle were analyzed...
January 4, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167446/various-modifications-of-the-intrahippocampal-kainate-model-of-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-in-rats-fail-to-resolve-the-marked-rat-to-mouse-differences-in-type-and-frequency-of-spontaneous-seizures-in-this-model
#13
Rebecca Klee, Claudia Brandt, Kathrin Töllner, Wolfgang Löscher
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common type of acquired epilepsy in adults. TLE can develop after diverse brain insults, including traumatic brain injury, infections, stroke, or prolonged status epilepticus (SE). Post-SE rodent models of TLE are widely used to understand mechanisms of epileptogenesis and develop treatments for epilepsy prevention. In this respect, the intrahippocampal kainate model of TLE in mice is of interest, because highly frequent spontaneous electrographic seizures develop in the kainate focus, allowing evaluation of both anti-seizure and anti-epileptogenic effects of novel drugs with only short EEG recording periods, which is not possible in any other model of TLE, including the intrahippocampal kainate model in rats...
February 3, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164055/proximal-tibial-epiphysis-injury-flexion-type-salter-harris-type-1
#14
Pratik Israni, Mangesh Panat
INTRODUCTION: Fractures of the proximal tibial epiphysis rare. It has been estimated that fractures of the upper tibial epiphysis account for 0.5-3.1% of all epiphyseal injuries. Who had no neurovascular deficit, with fixed extension deformity at the left knee was treated early with closed reduction techniques. CASE REPORT: We present a case of a 16-year-old boy who while playing cricket on the road was hit by a car. The patient presented in emergency room with extremely swollen knee and soft tissue swelling (hemarthrosis), he was unable to lift his leg actively due to severe pain because of hamstrings spasm, and he had no wound over his left knee and had no other associated injuries...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164043/pneumothorax-after-shoulder-arthroscopy-a-rare-but-life-threatening-complication
#15
Sven Bamps, Daan Renson, Stefaan Nijs, Sermon
INTRODUCTION: Arthroscopy has become a major diagnostic tool and treatment option for shoulder pathology. However rare, respiratory complications such as a pneumothorax have been reported in patients undergoing shoulder arthroscopy. Surgery - as well as anesthesiology-related factors and respiratory comorbidity have been hypothesized to intervene in the onset of respiratory complications. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 42-year-old male patient who underwent an arthroscopy of the left shoulder...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163558/effect-of-intravenous-acetaminophen-on-post-anesthesia-care-unit-length-of-stay-opioid-consumption-pain-and-analgesic-drug-costs-after-ambulatory-surgery
#16
Moteb A Khobrani, James M Camamo, Asad E Patanwala
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to assess whether the use of intravenous acetaminophen (APAP) in the ambulatory surgery setting is associated with a decreased length of stay in the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU). The secondary outcomes evaluated were pain scores, opioid consumption, and total cost of analgesics used in the PACU. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted in adult patients (18 years of age or older) who received an eye, ear, nose, or throat (EENT) procedure at an outpatient surgery center between January 2014 and January 2015...
February 2017: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155146/enzyme-histochemistry-for-functional-histology-in-invertebrates
#17
Francesca Cima
In invertebrates, enzyme histochemistry has recently found a renaissance regarding its applications in morphology and ecology. Many enzyme activities are useful for the morphofunctional characterization of cells, as biomarkers of biological and pathologic processes, and as markers of the response to environmental stressors. Here, the adjustments to classic techniques, including the most common enzymes used for digestion, absorption, transport, and oxidation, as well as techniques for azo-coupling, metal salt substitution and oxidative coupling polymerization, are presented in detail for various terrestrial and aquatic invertebrates...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153614/internal-maxillary-artery-preoperative-embolization-using-nbca-and-pushable-coils-for-temporomandibular-joint-ankylosis-surgery-technical-note
#18
Yazan J Alderazi, Darshan Shastri, John Wessel, Melvin Mathew, Tareq Kass-Hout, Shahid R Aziz, Charles J Prestigiacomo, Chirag D Gandhi
INTRODUCTION: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis causes disability through impaired digestion, mastication, speech and appearance. Surgical treatment increases range of motion with resultant functional improvement. However, substantial perioperative blood loss can occur, up to three liters, if the internal maxillary artery (IMAX) is injured as it traverses the ankylotic mass. Achieving hemostasis is difficult due to limited proximal IMAX access and poor visualization. Our aim is to investigate the technical feasibility and preliminary safety of preoperative IMAX embolization in patients undergoing TMJ ankylosis surgery...
January 30, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151995/increased-hepatic-th2-and-treg-subsets-are-associated-with-biliary-fibrosis-in-different-strains-of-mice-caused-by-clonorchis-sinensis
#19
Bei-Bei Zhang, Chao Yan, Fan Fang, Ying Du, Rui Ma, Xiang-Yang Li, Qian Yu, Di Meng, Ren-Xian Tang, Kui-Yang Zheng
Previous studies showed that CD4+T cells responses might be involved in the process of biliary fibrosis. However, the underlying mechanism resulting in biliary fibrosis caused by Clonorchis sinensis remains not yet fully elucidated. The objectives of the present study were to investigate the different profiles of hepatic CD4+T cell subsets (Th1, Th2, Th17 and Treg cells) and their possible roles in the biliary fibrosis of different strains of mice (C57BL/6, BALB/c and FVB mice) induced by C. sinensis infection...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149933/utility-of-clinical-risk-stratification-in-the-selection-of-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-patients-for-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Friedrich-Carl von Rundstedt, Douglas A Mata, Oleksandr N Kryvenko, Anup A Shah, Iny Jhun, Seth P Lerner
Introduction: Level I evidence supports the use of cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for muscle-invasive bladder cancer prior to radical cystectomy (RC). On average, 30-40% of patients achieve a complete pathologic response (i.e., stage pT0) after receiving NAC. Some centers risk-stratify patients, suggesting that there may be a higher-risk population that would derive the most benefit from NAC. Recently, a risk-stratification model developed at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC) specified criteria for clinical staging and patient selection for NAC...
January 27, 2017: Bladder Cancer
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