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Post Anesthesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448396/post-anesthesia-care-symptoms-diagnosis-and-management
#1
Stephen C Haskins, Jemiel A Nejim, Genewoo J Hong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448262/an-unusually-large-carbuncle-of-the-temporofacial-region-demonstrating-remarkable-post-debridement-wound-healing-process-a-case-report
#2
Humaid Ahmad, Sheeraz Shakoor Siddiqui
Skin carbuncles are debilitating skin infections commonly seen in elderly patients with diabetes. These infections develop when a cluster of adjacent furuncles coalesce to form one inflammatory mass. While they commonly occur on the nape of the neck and back, rarer sites involving the face and head have been noted. Management of these rare sites is urgent because of the potential intracranial complications and the surgical outcome is often unsatisfactory due to associated facial scarring. Intraoral drainage is advocated to avoid this; however, when the carbuncle involves a larger area, debridement from the exterior is necessary...
April 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446852/clinical-performance-of-emergency-surgical-officers-in-southern-ethiopia
#3
Abera A Gobeze, Zelalem Kebede, Yifru Berhan, Biku Ghosh
BACKGROUND: Serious shortage of gynecologists and surgeons for several decades leading to a three-year masters level training was initiated in 2009. However, systematic analysis was not done to assess the graduates' performance. The purpose of this study was to assess improvement in access to emergency surgical and obstetrical care services. METHODS: Both quantitative and qualitative methods were employed to assess the competence of emergency surgical officers (ESOs) in their decision making and surgical skills in eight hospitals between 2012 and 2014...
September 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446134/assessment-of-perioperative-minute-ventilation-in-obese-versus-non-obese-patients-with-a-non-invasive-respiratory-volume-monitor
#4
Jaideep H Mehta, Davide Cattano, Jordan B Brayanov, Edward E George
BACKGROUND: Monitoring the adequacy of spontaneous breathing is a major patient safety concern in the post-operative setting. Monitoring is particularly important for obese patients, who are at a higher risk for post-surgical respiratory complications and often have increased metabolic demand due to excess weight. Here we used a novel, noninvasive Respiratory Volume Monitor (RVM) to monitor ventilation in both obese and non-obese orthopedic patients throughout their perioperative course, in order to develop better monitoring strategies...
April 26, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445623/life-threatening-injury-caused-by-complete-impalement-of-a-toothbrush-case-report
#5
Akiko Umibe, Kazuhiro Omura, Takuya Hachisu, Utaro Anazawa, Yasuhiro Tanaka
Toothbrushes are the most common cause of foreign body injury to the oral cavity in children, but complete impalement by a toothbrush is an extremely rare occurrence and has not been reported previously. This report describes a 28-month girl who fell from a one-meter ledge while brushing her teeth. Her toothbrush penetrated the oral cavity and could not be removed, so she was rushed to the hospital with the toothbrush in place. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed penetration of the toothbrush from the oral cavity into and through the right posterior neck at the level of the bifurcation of the common carotid artery...
April 26, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444800/endoscopic-meatus-scoring-scale-versus-sniff-test-to-predict-insertability-before-transnasal-endoscopy-a-prospective-randomized-study
#6
Chi-Tan Hu, Wei-Yi Lei, Jen-Shung Lin, Jui-Sheng Hung
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Sniff test is a common method before unsedated transnasal EGD (UT-EGD) to select a nostril insertion site. Yet, there is no objective method to select a more specific meatus insertion tract for anesthesia and insertion. We devised a endoscopic meatus scoring scale by anterior meatuscopy to select the most optimal meatus insertion tract. We hypothesized that meatuscopy instead of sniff test might improve tolerance and reduce adverse events during nasal anesthesia and UT-EGD...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442964/-graded-epidural-anesthesia-for-renal-transplant-in-a-patient-with-dilated-cardiomyopathy-and-severe-left-ventricle-systolic-dysfunction
#7
Rupesh Yadav, Sohan Lal Solanki
Dilated cardiomyopathy with decreased contractility of left or both ventricles impose a serious risk to patient posted for major surgery. Even after best medical optimization, careful perioperative management with risk and benefit of general and regional anesthesia should be discussed beforehand. We here reporting a case of successful management of a patient with dilated cardiomyopathy with ejection fraction of 15% posted for renal transplant surgery under graded epidural anesthesia.
April 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442950/effect-of-intranasal-dexmedetomidine-on-emergence-agitation-after-sevoflurane-anesthesia-in-children-undergoing-tonsillectomy-and-or-adenoidectomy
#8
Ahmed Mostafa Abd El-Hamid, Hany Mahmoud Yassin
BACKGROUND: Emergence agitation (EA) after sevoflurane anesthesia is common in children during recovery from general anesthesia and may result in postoperative complications. This study investigated safety and effectiveness of intranasal dexmedetomidine in reducing the incidence and severity of EA. METHODS: This prospective, randomized double-blinded controlled trial included 86 patients scheduled for the tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy under general anesthesia with sevoflurane...
April 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442135/-anesthetic-management-of-late-pressure-angioedema
#9
Inês Furtado, Filipe Linda, Sílvia Pica, Marco Monteiro
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Late pressure angioedema is a rare form of angioedema in which light pressure stimulus can lead to edema after 1-12h. This uncommon and unreported entity is especially important in patients who undergo general anesthesia, for whom the usual harmless supine position, intravenous catheter insertion, standard monitoring, airway management and ventilation can lead to life threatening consequences as the trigger is a physical stimulus. CASE REPORT: In this report, we describe a successful perioperative anesthetic management of a 30 year old patient, proposed for intra-ocular lens insertion, with a severe form of the disease with peri-oral, tongue and limb edema presentation...
April 22, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441963/in-hospital-airway-management-training-for-non-anesthesiologist-ems-physicians-a-descriptive-quality-control-study
#10
Helmut Trimmel, Christoph Beywinkler, Sonja Hornung, Janett Kreutziger, Wolfgang G Voelckel
BACKGROUND: Pre-hospital airway management is a major challenge for emergency medical service (EMS) personnel. Despite convincing evidence that the rescuer's qualifications determine efficacy of tracheal intubation, in-hospital airway management training is not mandatory in Austria, and often neglected. Thus we sought to prove that airway management competence of EMS physicians can be established and maintained by a tailored training program. METHODS: In this descriptive quality control study we retrospectively evaluated all in- and pre-hospital airway cases managed by EMS physicians who underwent a structured in-hospital training program in anesthesia at General Hospital Wiener Neustadt...
April 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440741/standardized-rat-model-testing-effects-of-inflammation-and-grafting-on-extraction-healing
#11
Emily S Willett, Jingpeng Liu, Molly Berke, Peter J Giannini, Marian Schmid, Zhenshan Jia, Xiaobei Wang, Xiaoyan Wang, Kaeli Samson, Fang Yu, Dong Wang, Ali Nawshad, Richard A Reinhardt
BACKGROUND: Loss of the alveolar ridge width and height following tooth extraction is well-documented, but models to evaluate ridge preservation are neither standardized nor cost-effective. This rat model characterizes the pattern of bone turnover and inflammation after extraction and bone grafting with or without local simvastatin (SIM). METHODS: Fifty retired-breeder rats underwent extraction of the right maxillary first molar and standard surgical defect creation under inhalation/local anesthesia...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438121/leg-elevation-decreases-the-incidence-of-post-spinal-hypotension-in-cesarean-section-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Ahmed Hasanin, Ahmed Aiyad, Ahmed Elsakka, Atef Kamel, Reham Fouad, Mohamed Osman, Ali Mokhtar, Sherin Refaat, Yasmin Hassabelnaby
BACKGROUND: Maternal hypotension is a common complication after spinal anesthesia for cesarean section (CS). In this study we investigated the role of leg elevation (LE) as a method for prevention of post-spinal hypotension (PSH) for cesarean section. METHODS: One hundred and fifty full term parturients scheduled for CS were included in the study. Patients were randomized into two groups: Group LE (leg elevation group, n = 75) and group C (Control group, n = 75)...
April 24, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437787/a-comparison-of-three-different-volumes-of-levobupivacaine-for-caudal-block-in-children-undergoing-orchidopexy-and-inguinal-hernia-repair
#13
Vesna Marjanovic, Ivana Budic, Marija Stevic, Dusica Simic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of three different volumes of 0.25% levobupivacaine caudally administered on the effect of intra- and post-operative analgesia in children undergoing orchidopexy and inguinal hernia repair. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty children, aged 1 to 7 years, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I and II, were randomized into 3 different groups according to the applied volumes of 0.25% levobupivacaine: group 1 (n=13): 0...
April 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436307/choice-of-anesthesia-for-endovascular-treatment-of-acute-ischemic-stroke-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-canvas-trial
#14
Yuming Peng, Yan Li, Minyu Jian, Xiaoyuan Liu, Jian Sun, Bo Jia, Jia Dong, Min Zeng, Nan Lin, Li Zhang, Adrian W Gelb, Matthew Tv Chan, Ruquan Han
Background Observational studies indicate that the type of anesthesia, local or general, may be associated with the post-procedural neurological function in patients with acute ischemic stroke undergoing endovascular treatment. However, these results need further confirmation, and the causal relationship has not yet been established. Methods This is a randomized controlled equivalence trial. Permuted block randomization stratified by culprit vessels will be used. Six hundred and forty patients with acute ischemic stroke undergoing endovascular recanalization will be randomized one to one to receive either general anesthesia or local anesthesia...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434475/music-listening-alleviates-anxiety-and-physiological-responses-in-patients-receiving-spinal-anesthesia
#15
Wen-Ping Lee, Pao-Yuan Wu, Meng-Ying Lee, Lun-Hui Ho, Whei-Mei Shih
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the effects of listening to music on the anxiety levels and physiological responses of surgical patients receiving spinal anesthesia. METHODS: An experimental design was used in the study with an experimental group (n=50) and a control group (n=50). The experimental group received 30min of musical intervention and routine nursing care in the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU) while the control group received only routine nursing care...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433802/role-of-environmental-stressors-in-determining-the-developmental-outcome-of-neonatal-anesthesia
#16
Ling-Sha Ju, Jiao-Jiao Yang, Nikolaus Gravenstein, Christoph N Seubert, Timothy E Morey, Colin Sumners, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Jian-Jun Yang, Anatoly E Martynyuk
BACKGROUND: The majority of studies evaluating neurocognition in humans who had procedures under anesthesia early in life found long-term deficits even though the typical anesthesia duration normalized to the human life span is much shorter than that shown to induce developmental abnormalities in rodents. Therefore, we studied whether subsequent environmental stressors contribute to deficiencies programmed by a brief neonatal etomidate exposure. METHODS: Postnatal days (P) 4, 5, or 6, Sprague-Dawley rats, pretreated with vehicle or the Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl(-) (NKCC1) inhibitor, bumetanide, received two injections of etomidate resulting in anesthesia for 2h...
April 7, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431420/generative-retrieval-improves-learning-and-retention-of-cardiac-anatomy-using-transesophageal-echocardiography
#17
Amanda M Kleiman, Katherine T Forkin, Allison J Bechtel, Stephen R Collins, Jennie Z Ma, Edward C Nemergut, Julie L Huffmyer
BACKGROUND: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a valuable monitor for patients undergoing cardiac and noncardiac surgery as it allows for evaluation of cardiovascular compromise in the perioperative period. It is challenging for anesthesiology residents and medical students to learn to use and interpret TEE in the clinical environment. A critical component of learning to use and interpret TEE is a strong grasp of normal cardiovascular ultrasound anatomy. METHODS: Fifteen fourth-year medical students and 15 post-graduate year (PGY) 1 and 2 anesthesiology residents without prior training in cardiac anesthesia or TEE viewed normal cardiovascular anatomy TEE video clips; participants were randomized to learning cardiac anatomy in generative retrieval (GR) and standard practice (SP) groups...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430722/the-use-of-liposomal-bupivacaine-administered-with-standard-bupivacaine-in-ankle-fractures-requiring-open-reduction-internal-fixation-a-single-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Roy Davidovitch, Abraham Goch, Adam Driesman, Sanjit Konda, Christian Pean, Kenneth Egol
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of liposomal bupivacaine compared to placebo for post-operative pain control in patients undergoing operative fixation of ankle fractures. DESIGN: Prospective single blinded randomized control trial SETTING:: Academic Medical CenterPatients/Participants: After IRB approval, seventy-six patients who sustained an acute ankle fracture (OTA 44A-C) requiring operative fixation met inclusion criteria. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups, control (local intra-operative sterile saline injection under general anesthesia) or interventional (local intra-operative liposomal bupivacaine and bupivacaine injection under general anesthesia)...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416174/-ultrasound-guided-quadratus-lumborum-block-for-analgesia-after-cesarean-delivery-case-series
#19
Ilana Sebbag, Fatemah Qasem, Shalini Dhir
INTRODUCTION: The majority of women having planned cesarean section receive spinal anesthesia for the procedure. Typically, spinal opioids are administered during the same time as a component of multimodal analgesia to provide pain relief in the 16-24h period postoperatively. The quadratus lumborum block is a regional analgesic technique that blocks T5-L1 nerve branches and has an evolving role in postoperative analgesia for lower abdominal surgeries and may be a potential alternative to spinal opioids...
April 14, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415117/p1033echocardiographic-predictive-model-of-new-onset-postoperative-atrial-fibrillation-after-abdominal-surgery
#20
L Demirevska, D Gotchev
Background: and purpose: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a frequent complication post high-risk abdominal surgery in elderly patients. This study aimed to develop a predictive model of POAF based on preoperative transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) findings in these patients. Methods: We conducted a prospective study of 300 consecutive patients, age ≥ 65 years (mean age 72±6 years, 61% men), who underwent high-risk abdominal surgery under general anesthesia...
December 1, 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
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