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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813473/the-availability-of-pharmacies-in-the-united-states-2007-2015
#1
Dima Mazen Qato, Shannon Zenk, Jocelyn Wilder, Rachel Harrington, Darrell Gaskin, G Caleb Alexander
IMPORTANCE: Despite their increasingly important role in health care delivery, little is known about the availability, and characteristics, of community pharmacies in the United States. OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine trends in the availability of community pharmacies and pharmacy characteristics (24-hour, drive-up, home delivery, e-prescribing, and multilingual staffing) associated with access to prescription medications in the U.S. between 2007 and 2015; and (2) to determine whether and how these patterns varied by pharmacy type (retail chains, independents, mass retailers, food stores, government and clinic-based) and across counties...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812473/implementation-of-a-pathway-for-the-treatment-of-fever-and-neutropenia-in-pediatric-patients-with-cancer
#2
Joy Vanderway, Catherine Vincent, Susan M Walsh, Jennifer Obrecht
Fever and neutropenia is an oncologic emergency. Time-to-antibiotics (TTA) refers to the amount of time from initial provider evaluation for fever and neutropenia to intravenous antibiotic administration. Research supports that rapid time-to-antibiotics (RTTA) is associated with improved patient outcomes. This quality improvement project evaluated the success of implementing an RTTA pathway in pediatric oncology patients with fever and neutropenia. The setting was an advanced practice nurse-managed pediatric ambulatory infusion center where patients with fever and neutropenia were often evaluated and treated...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795868/management-and-cost-analysis-of-cancer-patients-treated-with-g-csf-a-cohort-study-based-on-the-french-national-healthcare-insurance-database
#3
Patrick Tilleul, William Jacot, Corinne Emery, Antoine Lafuma, Julie Gourmelen
OBJECTIVES: To describe the management and costs associated with G-CSF therapy in cancer patients in France. METHODS: We analyzed a representative random population sample from the French national healthcare insurance database, focusing on 1,612 patients with hematological or solid malignancies who were reimbursed in 2013 or 2014 for at least one G-CSF treatment dispensed in a retail pharmacy. Patient characteristics and treatment costs were analyzed according to the type of cancer...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743758/ashp-national-survey-of-pharmacy-practice-in-hospital-settings-prescribing-and-transcribing-2016
#4
Craig A Pedersen, Philip J Schneider, Douglas J Scheckelhoff
PURPOSE: The results of the 2016 ASHP national survey of pharmacy practice in hospital settings are presented. METHODS: A stratified random sample of pharmacy directors at 1,315 general and children's medical-surgical hospitals in the United States were surveyed using a mixed-mode method offering a choice of completing a paper survey or an online survey. IMS Health supplied data on hospital characteristics; the survey sample was drawn from IMS's hospital database...
July 25, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735494/trends-in-use-of-warfarin-and-direct-oral-anticoagulants-in-atrial-fibrillation-in-norway-2010-to-2015
#5
Lars J Kjerpeseth, Hanne Ellekjær, Randi Selmer, Inger Ariansen, Kari Furu, Eva Skovlund
PURPOSE: Since 2011, several direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs; dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban) have been introduced as alternatives to warfarin for stroke prophylaxis in atrial fibrillation. We wanted to investigate changes in utilization of oral anticoagulants for atrial fibrillation in Norway following the introduction of DOACs. METHODS: Using nationwide registries, we identified all adults with pharmacy dispensings for warfarin or DOACs between January 2010 and December 2015 in Norway, and used ambulatory reimbursement codes to identify atrial fibrillation as indication...
July 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734782/the-adapt-online-education-program-a-tool-for-practicing-pharmacists-delivering-patient-centered-care
#6
Leticia R Moczygemba, Andrea L Pierce, Aziza Dang, Philip Emberley, Michael J Czar, Gary R Matzke
OBJECTIVES: The ADapting pharmacists' skills and Approaches to maximize Patient's drug Therapy effectiveness (ADAPT) e-learning program was developed by a consortium of Canadian pharmacy educators and researchers to prepare practicing pharmacists for patient-centered care. We selected this education program to provide training for pharmacists as the workforce transformation component of a Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation project. In this report we share our experiences with this educational program...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724511/apps-for-health-related-education-in-pharmacy-practice-needs-assessment-survey-among-patients-within-a-large-metropolitan-area
#7
Sean M Mirk, Nicole Marie Wegrzyn
BACKGROUND: Patient education resources are crucial to the effectiveness of prescribed pharmacotherapy. However, user interest and patient preference for these materials is lacking. Regardless of the field, nearly every article on designing mHealth apps references the lack of end-user involvement as a key flaw to sustainable design. The traditional paper-based methods of patient education are difficult to tailor to a patient's specific needs and learning styles, but a customizable app might be beneficial...
July 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720121/the-effectiveness-of-daily-sms-reminders-in-pharmaceutical-care-of-older-adults-on-improving-patients-adherence-to-antihypertensive-medication-sppa-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Zuzana Haramiova, Michal Stasko, Martin Hulin, Tomas Tesar, Magdalena Kuzelova, Donald M Morisky
BACKGROUND: Despite a variety of efficient and cost-effective antihypertensive medication, hypertension remains a serious health and economic burden. High consumption of cardiovascular drugs in the Slovak Republic does result neither in better hypertension control nor in significant decrease in cardiovascular mortality. At the same time, Slovakia has alarmingly low patients' adherence to medication intake. Studies have shown the efficiency of short messaging service (SMS) reminders to improve patients' adherence and health outcomes at low costs...
July 18, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718382/establishing-clinical-pharmacy-services-with-prescribing-privileges-in-a-federally-qualified-health-center-primary-care-clinic
#9
Jeany K Jun
OBJECTIVES: To describe the process and cost of establishing clinical pharmacy services with prescribing privileges in a federally qualified health center (FQHC) primary care clinic. SETTING: The primary care clinic was located in a low-income area of Southern California and served patients with Medicaid and Medicare. The primary care clinic had preventive medicine and family medicine physicians, a family medicine residency program, behavioral health services, and a registered dietician...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662649/use-of-generic-and-essential-medicines-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-portugal
#10
Helena Gama, Carla Torre, José Pedro Guerreiro, Ana Azevedo, Suzete Costa, Nuno Lunet
BACKGROUND: The successful control of cardiovascular diseases at the lowest possible cost requires the use of the most effective and affordable medicines. We aimed to describe the trends in the ambulatory use of medicines for prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases [Anatomic Therapeutic Chemical classification system (ATC): C and B01A] in Portugal, between 2004 and 2012, and to estimate the potential for expenditure reduction through changes in patterns of use. METHODS: We analysed sell-out data, expressed as defined daily doses (DDD) and pharmacy retail price (€), from a nationwide database...
June 29, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650246/economic-outcomes-of-first-line-regimen-switching-among-stable-patients-with-hiv
#11
Lisa Rosenblatt, Ami R Buikema, Jerry Seare, Lindsay G S Bengtson, Jonathan Johnson, Feng Cao, Angelina Villasis-Keever
BACKGROUND: Although switching of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a valid approach for addressing treatment failure in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), ART changes among those who are well maintained on their current regimens may lead to the development of new side effects or resistance. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of first-line regimen switching on subsequent health care utilization and cost among stable HIV patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective claims data study of adult patients with HIV who initiated ART between 2007 and 2013 and had been treated with their initial regimens for at least 6 continuous months...
July 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645999/ambulatory-care-pharmacy-realizing-the-potential-for-patient-access-and-operational-excellence
#12
Philip J Almeter, Gary L Johnson, Philip A Schwieterman, Daniel A Grantz, Priya P Pasala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639465/an-innovative-approach-to-addressing-the-hiv-care-continuum-implementation-of-a-clinical-pharmacy-resident-in-a-veterans-affairs-hiv-specialty-clinic
#13
Autumn Bagwell, M Shawn McFarland, Todd Hulgan
PURPOSE: Engagement of patients in the HIV care continuum and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) continue to limit successful viral suppression. Innovative practices to improve this continuum and ameliorate potential physician shortages are needed. The objective of this evaluation was to determine the clinical benefits of incorporating pharmacy resident involvement on a multidisciplinary team in caring for patients with HIV. METHODS: A single-center pre-post cohort pilot evaluation was conducted at the Tennessee Valley Healthcare Systems VA Medical Center...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629301/discrepancies-identified-through-a-telephone-based-student-led-initiative-for-medication-reconciliation-in-ambulatory-psychiatry
#14
Marie E Albano, Jolene R Bostwick, Kristen M Ward, Thomas Fluent, Hae Mi Choe
PURPOSE: To identify the number of medication discrepancies following establishment of a telephone-based, introductory pharmacy practice experience student-driven, medication reconciliation service for new patients in an ambulatory psychiatry clinic. Secondarily, to identify factors impacting medication discrepancies to better target medication profiles to reconcile and to evaluate whether the implementation of a call schedule effected clinic no-show rates. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of a telephone-based medication reconciliation service from June 2014 to January 2016...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625935/evaluation-of-prescription-along-three-health-care-periods-in-the-elderly
#15
Fannie Santoni, Valéry Antoine, Alberto di Castri, Maurice Viala, Laetitia Geronimi-Robelin, Cédric LeGuillou, Christine de Taddeo, Sophie Bastide, Claude Jeandel, Benoit de Wazieres
Polypharmacy, potentially inappropriate prescriptions and inadequate coordination between prescribers are among main factors explaining the occurrence of adverse drug events in elderly patients. Prospective and descriptive study of medication prescriptions for elderly patients during a continuous period of health-care: entry in an acute geriatric unit (T1), at discharge (T2) and two months after hospitalization (T3). A global iatrogenic risk was defined: presence of poly-pharmacy and/or PPI (Laroche criteria) and/or absence of quality indicators for prescription according to the French health authority...
June 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597354/pharmacologic-considerations-for-pediatric-sedation-and-anesthesia-outside-the-operating-room-a-review-for-anesthesia-and-non-anesthesia-providers
#16
REVIEW
Narjeet Khurmi, Perene Patel, Molly Kraus, Terrence Trentman
Understanding the pharmacologic options for pediatric sedation outside the operating room will allow practitioners to formulate an ideal anesthetic plan, allaying anxiety and achieving optimal immobilization while ensuring rapid and efficient recovery. The authors identified relevant medical literature by searching PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar databases for English language publications covering a period from 1984 to 2017. Search terms included pediatric anesthesia, pediatric sedation, non-operating room sedation, sedation safety, and pharmacology...
June 8, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594707/a-comparison-of-blood-pressure-in-community-pharmacies-with-ambulatory-home-and-general-practitioner-office-readings-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Ali Albasri, Jack W OʼSullivan, Nia W Roberts, Suman Prinjha, Richard J McManus, James P Sheppard
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure (BP) readings are traditionally taken in a clinic setting, with treatment recommendations based on these measurements. The clinical interpretation of BP readings taken in community pharmacies is currently unclear. This study aimed to systematically review all literature comparing community pharmacy BP (CPBP) readings with ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM), home BP monitoring and general practitioner clinic readings. METHOD: Studies were included if they compared CPBP with at least one other measurement modality used for the diagnosis or management of hypertension...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569128/development-of-a-student-led-ambulatory-medication-reconciliation-program-at-an-academic-institution
#18
Aimon C Miranda, Jaclyn D Cole, Melissa J Ruble, Erini S Serag-Bolos
OBJECTIVES: To integrate fourth-year student pharmacists on advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) rotations within several different ambulatory clinics to perform medication reconciliations and enhance interdisciplinary practice. METHODS: The study design was a descriptive, prospective multisite study among a variety of ambulatory care outpatient clinics. Student pharmacists were partnered with physicians to conduct medication reconciliations during clinic visits for 4 hours per week, with data collection from January 2016 to September 2016...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530524/is-real-world-evidence-used-in-p-t-monographs-and-therapeutic-class-reviews
#19
Jason T Hurwitz, Mary Brown, Jennifer S Graff, Loretta Peters, Daniel C Malone
BACKGROUND: Payers are faced with making coverage and reimbursement decisions based on the best available evidence. Often these decisions apply to patient populations, provider networks, and care settings not typically studied in clinical trials. Treatment effectiveness evidence is increasingly available from electronic health records, registries, and administrative claims. However, little is known about when and what types of real-world evidence (RWE) studies inform pharmacy and therapeutic (P&T) committee decisions...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503218/impact-of-value-added-services-on-patient-waiting-time-at-the-ambulatory-pharmacy-queen-elizabeth-hospital
#20
Benjamin C Loh, Kheng F Wah, Carolyn A Teo, Nadia M Khairuddin, Fairenna B Fairuz, Jerry E Liew
BACKGROUND: Value added services (VAS) are an innovative dispensing system created to provide an alternative means of collecting partial drug supply from our hospital. This in turn was projected to reduce the necessity for patient to visit pharmacy counter and thus reduce the burden of prescription handling. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of increased VAS uptake following promotional campaign towards patient waiting time and to explore factors that may affect patient waiting time at the Ambulatory Pharmacy, Queen Elizabeth Hospital...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
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