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Pulmonary fibrosus

Ata H Afshar, Sergei Kolesnikov, Leili Pourafkari, Nader D Nader
A separation between the aortic media and annulus fibrosus causes a rare cardiac abnormality called sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (SVA) that may be congenital or acquired. It is more prevalent in the right coronary sinus (65%-85%) but it has been seen rarely in non-coronary (10%-30%) or Left coronary sinus (<5%). The most common complication is rupture of the Aneurysm. We present an 80-year-old male with expanding right Valsalva sinus aneurysm and protruding into right ventricle. The conventional treatment is surgical repair under cardio-pulmonary bypass or percutaneous catheter closure...
2015: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Theodosios Korakianitis, Yubing Shi
Numerical modeling of the human cardiovascular system has always been an active research direction since the 19th century. In the past, various simulation models of different complexities were proposed for different research purposes. In this paper, an improved numerical model to study the dynamic function of the human circulation system is proposed. In the development of the mathematical model, the heart chambers are described with a variable elastance model. The systemic and pulmonary loops are described based on the resistance-compliance-inertia concept by considering local effects of flow friction, elasticity of blood vessels and inertia of blood in different segments of the blood vessels...
September 2006: Medical Engineering & Physics
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