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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074712/high-throughput-whole-genome-sequencing-of-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-from-cell-culture-materials-and-clinical-specimens-using-next-generation-sequencing-technology
#1
Jianqiang Zhang, Ying Zheng, Xiao-Qin Xia, Qi Chen, Sarah A Bade, Kyoung-Jin Yoon, Karen M Harmon, Phillip C Gauger, Rodger G Main, Ganwu Li
Next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies have increasingly played crucial roles in biological and medical research, but are not yet in routine use in veterinary diagnostic laboratories. We developed and applied a procedure for high-throughput RNA sequencing of Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) from cell culture-derived isolates and clinical specimens. Ten PRRSV isolates with known sequence information, 2 mixtures each with 2 different PRRSV isolates, and 51 clinical specimens (19 sera, 16 lungs, and 16 oral fluids) with various PCR threshold cycle (Ct) values were subjected to nucleic acid extraction, cDNA library preparation (24-plexed), and sequencing...
January 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069291/antagonizing-cytokine-mediated-jak-stat-signaling-by-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus
#2
REVIEW
Liping Yang, Yan-Jin Zhang
Janus kinase (JAK)-signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) signaling pathway is activated by myriad cytokines, which are involved in regulation of cell growth, proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, angiogenesis, immunity and inflammatory response. Because of its significance in immune response, JAK-STAT pathway is often targeted by pathogens, including porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV). PRRSV causes reproductive failure in sows and respiratory disease in pigs of all ages...
December 30, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063479/positive-immunomodulatory-effects-of-heterologous-dna-vaccine-modified-live-vaccine-prime-boost-immunization-against-the-highly-pathogenic-prrsv-infection
#3
Chaitawat Sirisereewan, Teerawut Nedumpun, Sawang Kesdangsakonwut, Yonlayong Woonwong, Roongtham Kedkovid, Jirapat Arunorat, Roongroje Thanawongnuwech, Sanipa Suradhat
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection is one of the most important swine pathogens, and causes a major economic impact worldwide. Recently, a new variant type 2 PRRSV, highly pathogenic PRRSV (HP-PRRSV) has emerged and continued to circulate in Southeast Asia region. Currently, commercially available PRRSV vaccines, modified live PRRS vaccines (MLV) are not able to provide complete protection against HP-PRRSV and been reported to induce negative immunomodulatory effects. Interestingly, a novel DNA vaccine was developed and successfully used to improve PRRSV-specific immune responses following MLV vaccination...
January 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063474/porcine-gpx1-enhances-gp5-based-dna-vaccination-against-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus
#4
Luping Du, Bin Li, Fengjiao Pang, Zhengyu Yu, Xiangwei Xu, Baochao Fan, Yeping Tan, Kongwang He, Kehe Huang
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) has been causing huge economic losses to the swine industry worldwide. Commercial PRRSV vaccines including killed and modified live ones are available. However the protective efficacy of these vaccines is incomplete. Thus, it is in urgent need to develop safer and more effective PRRSV vaccines. In this study, we constructed a recombinant plasmid co-expressing porcine glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPX1) and the envelope glycoprotein (GP5) encoding-gene of PRRSV (pcDNA3...
January 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062126/cross-reactivity-of-immune-responses-to-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-infection
#5
Ignacio Correas, Fernando A Osorio, David Steffen, Asit K Pattnaik, Hiep L X Vu
Because porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) exhibits extensive genetic variation among field isolates, characterizing the extent of cross reactivity of immune responses, and most importantly cell-mediated immunity (CMI), could help in the development of broadly cross-protective vaccines. We infected 12 PRRSV-naïve pigs with PRRSV strain FL12 and determined the number of interferon (IFN)-γ secreting cells (SC) by ELISpot assay using ten type 2 and one type 1 PRRSV isolates as recall antigens...
January 3, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057905/development-of-an-immunochromatographic-strip-for-the-detection-of-antibodies-against-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus
#6
Huawei Li, Jifei Yang, Dengke Bao, Jie Hou, Yubao Zhi, Yanyan Yang, Pengchao Ji, Enmin Zhou, Songlin Qiao, Gaiping Zhang
A simple and rapid immunochromatographic test strip using a colloidal gold-labeled recombinant Nsp7 antigen probe was successfully developed for the detection of anti-PRRSV antibodies in swine. Recombinant Nsp7 protein of PRRSV labeled with colloidal gold was dispensed on a conjugate pad as the detector. Staphylococcal protein A (SPA) and purified porcine anti-Nsp7 antibodies were blotted on a nitrocellulose membrane for the test and control lines, respectively. A comparison between the new assay and standard diagnostic tests enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) and immunoperoxidase monolayer assay (IPMA) was also performed...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057901/genetic-diversity-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-in-southern-china-from-2007-to-2014
#7
Qiwen Wu, Zhili Li, Guanqun Zhang, Jianqiang Niu, Xiduo Zeng, Baoli Sun, Jingyun Ma
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) has a high degree of genetic variation. Here, we characterized the genetic variation and evolutionary relationships among circulating PRRSV strains in Southern China. In this study, we analyzed 29 NSP2 strains and 150 ORF5 strains from clinical samples collected in Southern China during 2007-2014. The alignment results showed that the nucleotide identities of the two genes among these strains were 80.5-99.7% and 80.9-100%, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis based on NSP2 gene showed that high pathogenic PRRSV were still the dominant virus in Southern China from 2013 to 2014...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057035/control-and-eradication-of-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-type-2-using-a-modified-live-type-2-vaccine-in-combination-with-a-load-close-homogenise-model-an-area-elimination-study
#8
Poul H Rathkjen, Johannes Dall
BACKGROUND: Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) causes significant animal and economic losses worldwide. The infection is difficult to control and PRRSV elimination at local level requires coordinated intervention among multiple farms. This case study describes a successful elimination of PRRSV from all 12 herds on the Horne Peninsula, Denmark, using a combination of load, close, homogenise (LCH) using PRRSV type 2 modified-live vaccine, optimised pig flow, and'10 Golden Rules' (10GR) for biosecurity management...
January 5, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056965/phylogenetic-characterization-of-genes-encoding-for-viral-envelope-glycoprotein-orf5-and-nucleocapsid-protein-orf7-of-porcine-reproductive-respiratory-syndrome-virus-found-in-malaysia-in-2013-and-2014
#9
Seetha Jaganathan King, Peck Toung Ooi, Lai Yee Phang, Zeenathul Nazariah Binti Allaudin, Wei Hoong Loh, Chiou Yan Tee, Shiao Pau How, Lai Siong Yip, Pow Yoon Choo, Ban Keong Lim
BACKGROUND: Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is one of the most expensive diseases of modern swine production & results in annual economic losses and cost the industry over 600 million USD in U.S. alone and billions of dollars worldwide. Two atypical PRRS cases were observed in 2013 and 2014 characterized by late-term abortion, fever and sudden increase in sow mortality which persisted for a prolonged period of time. METHODS: Lungs, lymph nodes and other samples were collected for disease investigation...
January 5, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052127/overexpression-of-histone-deacetylase-6-enhances-resistance-to-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-in-pigs
#10
Tianyu Lu, Zhiyuan Song, Qiuyan Li, Zhiguo Li, Meng Wang, Lin Liu, Kegong Tian, Ning Li
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is one of the most economically relevant viral pathogens in pigs and causes substantial losses in the pig industry worldwide each year. At present, PRRSV vaccines do not effectively prevent and control this disease. Consequently, it is necessary to develop new antiviral strategies to compensate for the inefficacy of the available vaccines. Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) is an important member of the histone deacetylase family that is responsible for regulating many important biological processes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007861/complete-genome-sequence-of-a-mosaic-nadc30-like-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-in-china
#11
Lin-Jian Wang, Zhenhua Guo, Songlin Qiao, Xin-Xin Chen, Gaiping Zhang
Here, we report the complete genome of an NADC30-like porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) strain, HNhx, which was isolated from Henan Province, China, in 2016 and was characterized by recombination with JXA1 strain (an epidemic highly pathogenic PRRSV strain in China) in Nsp4 to Nsp9.
December 22, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003480/non-structural-protein-4-of-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-modulates-cell-surface-swine-leukocyte-antigen-class-i-expression-by-down-regulating-%C3%AE-2-microglobulin-transcription
#12
Pengfei Qi, Ke Liu, Jianchao Wei, Yuming Li, Beibei Li, Donghua Shao, Zhuanchang Wu, Yuanyuan Shi, Guangzhi Tong, Yafeng Qiu, Zhiyong Ma
: Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PPRS) virus (PRRSV) is the causative agent of PRRS, which has important impacts on the pig industry. PRRSV infection results in disruption of the swine leukocyte antigen class I (SLA-I) antigen presentation pathway. In this study, highly pathogenic PRRSV (HP-PRRSV) infection inhibited transcription of the β2-microglobulin (β2M) gene (B2M), and reduced cellular levels of β2M, which forms a heterotrimeric complex with SLA-I heavy chain and a variable peptide, and plays a critical role in SLA-I antigen presentation...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997564/nonstructural-protein-11-of-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-suppresses-both-mavs-and-rig-i-expression-as-one-of-the-mechanisms-to-antagonize-type-i-interferon-production
#13
Yan Sun, Hanzhong Ke, Mingyuan Han, Ning Chen, Weihuan Fang, Dongwan Yoo
Type I interferons (IFN-α/β) play a key role in antiviral defense, and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is known to down-regulate the IFN response in virus-infected cells and pigs. In this study, we showed that the overexpression of nsp11 of PRRSV induced a strong suppression of IFN production. Nsp11 suppressed both IRF3 and NF-κB activities when stimulated with a dsRNA analogue and TNF-α, respectively. This suppression was RLR dependent, since the transcripts and proteins of MAVS and RIG-I, two critical factors in RLR-mediated pathway, were both found to be reduced in the presence of overexpressed nsp11...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938690/pathogenicity-and-antigenicity-of-a-novel-nadc30-like-strain-of-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-emerged-in-china
#14
Qiaoya Zhang, Ping Jiang, Zhongbao Song, Lin Lv, Liang Li, Juan Bai
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) has spread globally and caused huge economic loss. In recent years, a new kind of highly pathogenic NADC30-like strain has emerged in China. However, the pathogenicity and antigenicity of the virus are not well understood. In this study, PRRSV strain FJ1402 was isolated from piglets with clinical signs in Fujian Province in China in 2014. The complete genomic sequence analysis showed that it arose from recombination of North America NADC30 strain and highly pathogenic PRRSV (HP-PRRSV) in China...
December 25, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938685/up-regulation-of-il-10-upon-prrsv-vaccination-impacts-on-the-immune-response-against-csfv
#15
Xinglong Wang, Guohui Mu, Ruiyi Dang, Zengqi Yang
Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus (PRRSV) infection negatively impacts the efficacy of classical swine fever virus (CSFV) vaccine. This paper investigates whether the PRRSV vaccine also impacts the CSFV vaccine and if the impact is time-related. Forty-eight piglets born from four sows were divided into five groups (G1-G5). The piglets in G1 to G4 were given PRRSV vaccine at 14, 21, 28 and 35days of age. The G5 group was not vaccinated with the PRRSV. All pigs were given the CSFV vaccine at 35days of age...
December 25, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925288/genomic-sequence-and-virulence-evaluation-of-mn184a-like-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-in-japan
#16
Hiroshi Iseki, Takeya Morozumi, Michihiro Takagi, Kenji Kawashima, Tomoyuki Shibahara, Hirohide Uenishi, Hiroshi Tsunemitsu
This study characterized a porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) that was isolated in Japan from a 9-week-old diseased pig on a farm with an increased mortality rate during 2007-2008. This unique isolate, designated as Jpn5-37, did not have a high nucleotide identity in open reading frame 5 against any Japanese isolates. Among all available type 2 PRRSV complete genome sequences, Jpn5-37 shared the highest nucleotide identity (93.6%) with virulent strain MN184A. The genomic characteristics of Jpn5-37 were highly conserved with respect to the virulent MN184A, including a continuous 8-amino acid deletion in the nonstructural protein 2 region...
December 7, 2016: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908781/heme-oxygenase-1-metabolite-biliverdin-not-iron-inhibits-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-replication
#17
Angke Zhang, Hong Duan, Na Li, Lijuan Zhao, Fengxing Pu, Baicheng Huang, Chunyan Wu, Yuchen Nan, Taofeng Du, Yang Mu, Qin Zhao, Yani Sun, Gaiping Zhang, Julian A Hiscox, En-Min Zhou, Shuqi Xiao
Porcinereproductiveandrespiratorysyndromevirus (PRRSV) causes significant economic losses to the pork industry worldwide. Previously, we demonstrated that heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) interferes with PRRSV replication. To elucidate the mechanisms involved, here we assess whether the HO-1 downstream metabolites biliverdin (BV) and/or iron mediate the HO-1 antiviral effect. We demonstrate a BV concentration-dependent suppression of PRRSV replication and show that virions are not directly inactivated by BV. Additionally, BV or N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) significantly reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) in PRRSV-infected MARC-145 cells; however, because NAC did not reduce viral load, the BV antiviral effect is independent of decreased ROS levels...
January 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902420/interleukin-1-receptor-antagonist-il-1ra-an-early-immunomodulatory-cytokine-induced-by-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-prrsv
#18
Teerawut Nedumpun, Piya Wongyanin, Chaitawat Sirisereewan, Patcharee Ritprajuk, Tanapat Palaga, Roongroje Thanawongnuwech, Sanipa Suradhat
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection poorly induces pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1, IL-6, TNF-α) and type I IFN production during the early phase of infection. Our microarray analysis indicated strong upregulation of the IL1RA gene in type 2 PRRSV infected monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MoDC). Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) is an early inhibitory cytokine, which suppresses pro-inflammatory cytokines and T lymphocyte responses. To investigate the induction of IL-1Ra by PRRSV, MoDC were cultured with type 2 PRRSV or other swine viruses...
November 23, 2016: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896670/the-activation-of-the-ifn%C3%AE-induction-signaling-pathway-in-porcine-alveolar-macrophages-by-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-is-variable
#19
Christopher C Overend, Junru Cui, Marvin J Grubman, Antonio E Garmendia
BACKGROUND: It has been recognized that the expression of type I interferon (IFNα/β) may be suppressed during infection with porcine reproductive, respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV). This causes profound negative effects on both the innate and adaptive immunity of the host resulting in persistence of infection. OBJECTIVE: Test the effects of PRRSV infection of porcine alveolar macrophages (PAMs), the main target cell, on the expression of interferon beta (IFNβ) and downstream signaling events...
November 28, 2016: Veterinary Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894314/self-assembly-of-hexahistidine-tagged-tobacco-etch-virus-capsid-protein-into-microfilaments-that-induce-igg2-specific-response-against-a-soluble-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-chimeric-protein
#20
Carlos Alberto Manuel-Cabrera, Alba Adriana Vallejo-Cardona, Eduardo Padilla-Camberos, Rodolfo Hernández-Gutiérrez, Sara Elisa Herrera-Rodríguez, Abel Gutiérrez-Ortega
BACKGROUND: Assembly of recombinant capsid proteins into virus-like particles (VLPs) still represents an interesting challenge in virus-based nanotechnologies. The structure of VLPs has gained importance for the development and design of new adjuvants and antigen carriers. The potential of Tobacco etch virus capsid protein (TEV CP) as adjuvant has not been evaluated to date. FINDINGS: Two constructs for TEV CP expression in Escherichia coli were generated: a wild-type version (TEV-CP) and a C-terminal hexahistidine (His)-tagged version (His-TEV-CP)...
November 29, 2016: Virology Journal
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