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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049108/spatial-and-temporal-gait-characteristics-of-elderly-individuals-during-backward-and-forward-walking-with-shoes-and-barefoot
#1
Michal Elboim-Gabyzon, Shira Rotchild
Backward walking (BW) is an inherent component of mobility and function in daily activities, particularly indoors, when it is more likely that a person is barefoot. No studies to date have compared the spatio-temporal characteristics of BW with and without shoes in elderly individuals. This study compared spatio-temporal measures of BW and forward walking (FW) among elderly individuals while barefoot or wearing shoes. Forty-seven elderly individuals (13 men and 34 women, 76.7±7.7years of age) were evaluated...
December 6, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035865/effect-of-contact-and-no-contact-small-sided-games-on-elite-handball-players
#2
Antonio Dello Iacono, Domenico Martone, Alessandro Moura Zagatto, Yoav Meckel, Mahmood Sindiani, Mirjana Milic, Johnny Padulo
This study aimed to investigate the effect of contact (C-SSG) and no-contact (NC-SSG) handball small-sided games (SSGs) on motion patterns and physiological responses of elite handball players. Twelve male handball players performed 10 C-SSG and 10 NC-SSG while being monitored through the heart rate (HR) and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) as physiological responses and time-motion activities profile using video-match analysis. Both game conditions resulted in similar HR responses (P > 0.05), but the NC-SSG led to a higher RPE scores...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028979/a-controlled-trial-of-the-efficacy-of-a-training-walking-program-in-patients-recovering-from-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-surgery
#3
Bartosz R Wnuk, Jacek Durmała, Krzysztof Ziaja, Przemysław Kotyla, Marek Woźniewski, Edward Błaszczak
BACKGROUND: Major surgical procedures as well as general anesthesia contribute to muscle weakness and posture instability and may result in increased postoperative complications and functional disorders resulting from an elective operation. OBJECTIVES: We aim to state the significance of backward walking as a form of interval march training with patients after abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-five patients were randomly divided into three subgroups and three various models of physiotherapy were applied...
November 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977567/near-falls-in-elderly-community-dwelling-blacks-from-two-out-patient-clinics-in-harlem
#4
Geraldine V Basler, Kathleen A O'Connell, Kristen Bundy
BACKGROUND: Near-falls are a frequent, but not commonly studied, occurrence in the elderly Black population and may be related to prospective falls. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship of near-falls to demographic characteristics, use of assistive devices, gait, and physical activity levels in elderly Blacks. METHODS: Community-dwelling, elderly Black patients aging 65 and older and attending two clinics of the Mount Sinai Hospital in Harlem in New York City were recruited...
January 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965058/apathy-and-higher-level-of-gait-control-in-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus
#5
Gilles Allali, Magali Laidet, Stéphane Armand, Arnaud Saj, Paul Krack, Frédéric Assal
Apathy represents the most common behavioral disturbance in patients with suspicion of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) and has a major impact on quality of life. However, its impact on gait -the hallmark motor disturbance of iNPH - has never been studied yet. This study aims to evaluate the impact of apathy on higher level of gait control in patients with suspicion of iNPH. Stride time variability (STV), a marker of higher level of gait control, was quantified during usual walking (single task) and during walking while performing simultaneously cognitive tasks (dual task) of counting and verbal fluency...
December 11, 2016: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939172/stable-bipedal-walking-with-a-swing-leg-protraction-strategy
#6
Pranav A Bhounsule, Ali Zamani
In bipedal locomotion, swing-leg protraction and retraction refer to the forward and backward motion, respectively, of the swing-leg before touchdown. Past studies have shown that swing-leg retraction strategy can lead to stable walking. We show that swing-leg protraction can also lead to stable walking. We use a simple 2D model of passive dynamic walking but with the addition of an actuator between the legs. We use the actuator to do full correction of the disturbance in a single step (a one-step dead-beat control)...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912155/home-based-interventions-improve-trained-but-not-novel-dual-task-balance-performance-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Suleeporn Wongcharoen, Somporn Sungkarat, Peeraya Munkhetvit, Vipul Lugade, Patima Silsupadol
The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of four different home-based interventions on dual-task balance performance and to determine the generalizability of the four trainings to untrained tasks. Sixty older adults, aged 65 and older, were randomly assigned to one of four home-based interventions: single-task motor training, single-task cognitive training, dual-task motor-cognitive training, and dual-task cognitive-cognitive training. Participants received 60-min individualized training sessions, 3 times a week for 4 weeks...
November 22, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873020/beneficial-and-limiting-factors-for-return-to-work-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Judith A M Groot, Freerk J Jonkers, Arthur J Kievit, P Paul F M Kuijer, Marco J M Hoozemans
PURPOSE: Evidence-based advice for return to work (RTW) after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is not available. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to determine when patients achieve full RTW, and to explore the beneficial and limiting factors for fully RTW after ACL reconstruction. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed after ACL reconstruction among 185 patients in one hospital. Data from patient files and a questionnaire were used to explore whether patient-, injury-, surgery-, sports-, work- and rehabilitation-related factors are beneficial or limiting for fully RTW after ACL reconstruction, using a backward stepwise logistic regression analysis...
November 21, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855415/instrumented-trail-making-task-to-differentiate-persons-with-no-cognitive-impairment-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-disease-a-proof-of-concept-study
#9
He Zhou, Marwan Sabbagh, Rachel Wyman, Carolyn Liebsack, Mark E Kunik, Bijan Najafi
BACKGROUND: Objective and time-effective tools are needed to identify motor-cognitive impairment and facilitate early intervention. OBJECTIVE: We examined the feasibility, accuracy, and reliability of an instrumented trail-making task (iTMT) using a wearable sensor to identify motor-cognitive impairment among older adults. METHODS: Thirty subjects (age = 82.2 + 6.1 years, body mass index = 25.7 + 4.8, female = 43.3%) in 3 age-matched groups, 11 healthy, 10 with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), and 9 with Alzheimer disease (AD), were recruited...
November 18, 2016: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802231/subjective-memory-impairment-and%C3%A2-gait%C3%A2-variability-in-cognitively-healthy-individuals-results-from-a-cross-sectional-pilot-study
#10
Olivier Beauchet, Cyrille P Launay, Julia Chabot, Elise J Levinoff, Gilles Allali
BACKGROUND: Increased stride time variability has been associated with memory impairment in mild cognitive impairment. Subjective memory impairment (SMI) is considered the earliest clinical stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The association between increased stride time variability and SMI has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the association of stride time variability while performing single and dual tasking with SMI in cognitively healthy individuals (CHI)...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801744/long-term-effects-of-habitual-barefoot-running-and-walking-a-systematic-review
#11
Karsten Hollander, Christoph Heidt, Babette van der Zwaard, Klaus-Michael Braumann, Astrid Zech
INTRODUCTION: Barefoot locomotion is widely believed to be beneficial for motor development and biomechanics but are implied to be responsible for foot pathologies and running-related injuries. While most of available studies focused on acute effects of barefoot running and walking little is known regarding the effects of long-term barefoot vs. shod locomotion. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature to evaluate current evidence of habitual barefoot (HB) vs...
October 31, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728877/residual-standard-deviation-validation-of-a-new-measure-of-dual-task-cost-in-below-knee-prosthesis-users
#12
Charla L Howard, Chris Wallace, James Abbas, Dobrivoje S Stokic
We developed and evaluated properties of a new measure of variability in stride length and cadence, termed residual standard deviation (RSD). To calculate RSD, stride length and cadence are regressed against velocity to derive the best fit line from which the variability (SD) of the distance between the actual and predicted data points is calculated. We examined construct, concurrent, and discriminative validity of RSD using dual-task paradigm in 14 below-knee prosthesis users and 13 age- and education-matched controls...
January 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694060/dynamic-gait-stability-of-treadmill-versus-overground-walking-in-young-adults
#13
Feng Yang, George A King
Treadmill has been broadly used in laboratory and rehabilitation settings for the purpose of facilitating human locomotion analysis and gait training. The objective of this study was to determine whether dynamic gait stability differs or resembles between the two walking conditions (overground vs. treadmill) among young adults. Fifty-four healthy young adults (age: 23.9±4.7years) participated in this study. Each participant completed five trials of overground walking followed by five trials of treadmill walking at a self-selected speed while their full body kinematics were gathered by a motion capture system...
December 2016: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680568/physical-activity-in-older-adults-an-ecological-approach
#14
Christina M Thornton, Jacqueline Kerr, Terry L Conway, Brian E Saelens, James F Sallis, David K Ahn, Lawrence D Frank, Kelli L Cain, Abby C King
BACKGROUND: Studies identifying correlates of physical activity (PA) at all levels of the ecological model can provide an empirical basis for designing interventions to increase older adults' PA. PURPOSE: Applying ecological model principles, this study concurrently examined individual, psychosocial, and environmental correlates of older adults' PA to determine whether built environment factors contribute to PA over and above individual/demographic and psychosocial variables...
September 28, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676973/sustainable-reduction-in-the-occurrence-of-falls-in-a-parkinson-s-patient-who-followed-an-intensive-and-specific-rehabilitation-program-to-recalibrate-verticality-perception
#15
Laure Mathevon, Nicolas Leroux, Céline Piscicelli, Emmanuelle Clarac, Shenhao Dai, Patrice Davoine, Paul Krack, Dominic Perennou
OBJECTIVE: To take care of postural disorders is a major issue in Parkinson's disease (PD). We present a documented observation suggesting the existence of a biased representation of verticality in PD, resulting in a severe retropulsion and recurrent falls. A rehabilitation program aimed to modulate verticality perception dramatically improved the postural perception of the vertical, trunk posture and balance abilities, and reduced retropulsion as well as lastingly fall frequency. OBSERVATIONS: A 68 year-old patient with Parkinson's disease fall backward 3 times a day...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670806/retrospective-assessment-of-the-validity-and-use-of-the-community-balance-and-mobility-scale-among-individuals-with-subacute-spinal-cord-injury
#16
K Chan, K Guy, G Shah, J Golla, H M Flett, J Williams, K E Musselman
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective chart review. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the convergent validity, internal consistency and use of the Community Balance & Mobility Scale (CB&M) in individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI) during inpatient rehabilitation. SETTING: This study was conducted in an SCI rehabilitation center in Canada. METHODS: Inpatient charts from January 2009 to October 2015 were screened...
September 27, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632061/adaptive-gait-responses-to-awareness-of-an-impending-slip-during-treadmill-walking
#17
Feng Yang, JaeEun Kim, Jose Munoz
The awareness of potential slip risk has been shown to cause protective changes to human gait during overground walking. It remains unknown if such adaptations to walking pattern also exist when ambulating on a treadmill. This study sought to determine whether and to what extent individuals, when being aware of a potential slip risk during treadmill walking, could adjust their gait pattern to improve their dynamic stability against backward balance loss in response to the impending slip hazard. Fifty-four healthy young subjects (age: 23...
September 12, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630420/reliability-and-validity-of-the-korean-version-of-the-community-balance-and-mobility-scale-in-patients-with-hemiplegia-after-stroke
#18
Kyoung-Bo Lee, Paul Lee, Sang-Won Yoo, Young-Dong Kim
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to translate and adapt the Community Balance and Mobility Scale (CB&M) into Korean (K-CB&M) and to verify the reliability and validity of scores obtained with Korean patients. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 16 subjects were recruited from St. Vincent's Hospital in South Korea. At each testing session, subjects completed the K-CB&M, Berg balance scale (BBS), timed up and go test (TUG), and functional reaching test. All tests were administered by a physical therapist, and subjects completed the tests in an identical standardized order during all testing sessions...
August 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570904/-assessing-motor-cognition-interaction-of-patients-with-cognitive-disorders-clinical-aspects
#19
R Schniepp, M Wuehr, F Schöberl, A Zwergal
BACKGROUND: Difficulties of walking and deficits of cognitive functions appear to be associated in the elderly. Thus, clinical assessment in geriatry and neurology should focus on: (1) diagnostic approaches covering both domains of everyday functioning; (2) therapeutic interventions that take into account possible interactions and synergies of both domains. DISCUSSION: In order to assess the capability for motor-cognitive interactions in the elderly it is recommended to investigate walking patterns during dual-tasks (e...
August 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570898/the-functional-exercise-capacity-is-associated-with-global-functioning-in-people-with-bipolar-disorder
#20
Davy Vancampfort, Pascal Sienaert, Sabine Wyckaert, Marc De Hert, Brendon Stubbs, Justin Richards, James Mugisha, Michel Probst
The aim of the current study was to determine whether the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) score is associated with the functional exercise capacity among in- and outpatients with bipolar disorder. Sixty-five (36♀) persons with bipolar disorder performed a 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and were assessed with the GAF, Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology Self Report (QIDS), and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). The mean GAF-score was 55.0 ± 15.0, whereas the mean distance achieved on the 6MWT was 615...
September 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
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