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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912155/home-based-interventions-improve-trained-but-not-novel-dual-task-balance-performance-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Suleeporn Wongcharoen, Somporn Sungkarat, Peeraya Munkhetvit, Vipul Lugade, Patima Silsupadol
The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of four different home-based interventions on dual-task balance performance and to determine the generalizability of the four trainings to untrained tasks. Sixty older adults, aged 65 and older, were randomly assigned to one of four home-based interventions: single-task motor training, single-task cognitive training, dual-task motor-cognitive training, and dual-task cognitive-cognitive training. Participants received 60-min individualized training sessions, 3 times a week for 4 weeks...
November 22, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873020/beneficial-and-limiting-factors-for-return-to-work-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Judith A M Groot, Freerk J Jonkers, Arthur J Kievit, P Paul F M Kuijer, Marco J M Hoozemans
PURPOSE: Evidence-based advice for return to work (RTW) after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is not available. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to determine when patients achieve full RTW, and to explore the beneficial and limiting factors for fully RTW after ACL reconstruction. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed after ACL reconstruction among 185 patients in one hospital. Data from patient files and a questionnaire were used to explore whether patient-, injury-, surgery-, sports-, work- and rehabilitation-related factors are beneficial or limiting for fully RTW after ACL reconstruction, using a backward stepwise logistic regression analysis...
November 21, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855415/instrumented-trail-making-task-to-differentiate-persons-with-no-cognitive-impairment-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-disease-a-proof-of-concept-study
#3
He Zhou, Marwan Sabbagh, Rachel Wyman, Carolyn Liebsack, Mark E Kunik, Bijan Najafi
BACKGROUND: Objective and time-effective tools are needed to identify motor-cognitive impairment and facilitate early intervention. OBJECTIVE: We examined the feasibility, accuracy, and reliability of an instrumented trail-making task (iTMT) using a wearable sensor to identify motor-cognitive impairment among older adults. METHODS: Thirty subjects (age = 82.2 + 6.1 years, body mass index = 25.7 + 4.8, female = 43.3%) in 3 age-matched groups, 11 healthy, 10 with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), and 9 with Alzheimer disease (AD), were recruited...
November 18, 2016: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802231/subjective-memory-impairment-and%C3%A2-gait%C3%A2-variability-in-cognitively-healthy-individuals-results-from-a-cross-sectional-pilot-study
#4
Olivier Beauchet, Cyrille P Launay, Julia Chabot, Elise J Levinoff, Gilles Allali
BACKGROUND: Increased stride time variability has been associated with memory impairment in mild cognitive impairment. Subjective memory impairment (SMI) is considered the earliest clinical stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The association between increased stride time variability and SMI has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the association of stride time variability while performing single and dual tasking with SMI in cognitively healthy individuals (CHI)...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801744/long-term-effects-of-habitual-barefoot-running-and-walking-a-systematic-review
#5
Karsten Hollander, Christoph Heidt, Babette van der Zwaard, Klaus-Michael Braumann, Astrid Zech
INTRODUCTION: Barefoot locomotion is widely believed to be beneficial for motor development and biomechanics but are implied to be responsible for foot pathologies and running-related injuries. While most of available studies focused on acute effects of barefoot running and walking little is known regarding the effects of long-term barefoot vs. shod locomotion. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature to evaluate current evidence of habitual barefoot (HB) vs...
October 31, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728877/residual-standard-deviation-validation-of-a-new-measure-of-dual-task-cost-in-below-knee-prosthesis-users
#6
Charla L Howard, Chris Wallace, James Abbas, Dobrivoje S Stokic
We developed and evaluated properties of a new measure of variability in stride length and cadence, termed residual standard deviation (RSD). To calculate RSD, stride length and cadence are regressed against velocity to derive the best fit line from which the variability (SD) of the distance between the actual and predicted data points is calculated. We examined construct, concurrent, and discriminative validity of RSD using dual-task paradigm in 14 below-knee prosthesis users and 13 age- and education-matched controls...
January 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694060/dynamic-gait-stability-of-treadmill-versus-overground-walking-in-young-adults
#7
Feng Yang, George A King
Treadmill has been broadly used in laboratory and rehabilitation settings for the purpose of facilitating human locomotion analysis and gait training. The objective of this study was to determine whether dynamic gait stability differs or resembles between the two walking conditions (overground vs. treadmill) among young adults. Fifty-four healthy young adults (age: 23.9±4.7years) participated in this study. Each participant completed five trials of overground walking followed by five trials of treadmill walking at a self-selected speed while their full body kinematics were gathered by a motion capture system...
December 2016: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680568/physical-activity-in-older-adults-an-ecological-approach
#8
Christina M Thornton, Jacqueline Kerr, Terry L Conway, Brian E Saelens, James F Sallis, David K Ahn, Lawrence D Frank, Kelli L Cain, Abby C King
BACKGROUND: Studies identifying correlates of physical activity (PA) at all levels of the ecological model can provide an empirical basis for designing interventions to increase older adults' PA. PURPOSE: Applying ecological model principles, this study concurrently examined individual, psychosocial, and environmental correlates of older adults' PA to determine whether built environment factors contribute to PA over and above individual/demographic and psychosocial variables...
September 28, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676973/sustainable-reduction-in-the-occurrence-of-falls-in-a-parkinson-s-patient-who-followed-an-intensive-and-specific-rehabilitation-program-to-recalibrate-verticality-perception
#9
Laure Mathevon, Nicolas Leroux, Céline Piscicelli, Emmanuelle Clarac, Shenhao Dai, Patrice Davoine, Paul Krack, Dominic Perennou
OBJECTIVE: To take care of postural disorders is a major issue in Parkinson's disease (PD). We present a documented observation suggesting the existence of a biased representation of verticality in PD, resulting in a severe retropulsion and recurrent falls. A rehabilitation program aimed to modulate verticality perception dramatically improved the postural perception of the vertical, trunk posture and balance abilities, and reduced retropulsion as well as lastingly fall frequency. OBSERVATIONS: A 68 year-old patient with Parkinson's disease fall backward 3 times a day...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670806/retrospective-assessment-of-the-validity-and-use-of-the-community-balance-and-mobility-scale-among-individuals-with-subacute-spinal-cord-injury
#10
K Chan, K Guy, G Shah, J Golla, H M Flett, J Williams, K E Musselman
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective chart review. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the convergent validity, internal consistency and use of the Community Balance & Mobility Scale (CB&M) in individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI) during inpatient rehabilitation. SETTING: This study was conducted in an SCI rehabilitation center in Canada. METHODS: Inpatient charts from January 2009 to October 2015 were screened...
September 27, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632061/adaptive-gait-responses-to-awareness-of-an-impending-slip-during-treadmill-walking
#11
Feng Yang, JaeEun Kim, Jose Munoz
The awareness of potential slip risk has been shown to cause protective changes to human gait during overground walking. It remains unknown if such adaptations to walking pattern also exist when ambulating on a treadmill. This study sought to determine whether and to what extent individuals, when being aware of a potential slip risk during treadmill walking, could adjust their gait pattern to improve their dynamic stability against backward balance loss in response to the impending slip hazard. Fifty-four healthy young subjects (age: 23...
September 12, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630420/reliability-and-validity-of-the-korean-version-of-the-community-balance-and-mobility-scale-in-patients-with-hemiplegia-after-stroke
#12
Kyoung-Bo Lee, Paul Lee, Sang-Won Yoo, Young-Dong Kim
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to translate and adapt the Community Balance and Mobility Scale (CB&M) into Korean (K-CB&M) and to verify the reliability and validity of scores obtained with Korean patients. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 16 subjects were recruited from St. Vincent's Hospital in South Korea. At each testing session, subjects completed the K-CB&M, Berg balance scale (BBS), timed up and go test (TUG), and functional reaching test. All tests were administered by a physical therapist, and subjects completed the tests in an identical standardized order during all testing sessions...
August 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570904/-assessing-motor-cognition-interaction-of-patients-with-cognitive-disorders-clinical-aspects
#13
R Schniepp, M Wuehr, F Schöberl, A Zwergal
BACKGROUND: Difficulties of walking and deficits of cognitive functions appear to be associated in the elderly. Thus, clinical assessment in geriatry and neurology should focus on: (1) diagnostic approaches covering both domains of everyday functioning; (2) therapeutic interventions that take into account possible interactions and synergies of both domains. DISCUSSION: In order to assess the capability for motor-cognitive interactions in the elderly it is recommended to investigate walking patterns during dual-tasks (e...
August 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570898/the-functional-exercise-capacity-is-associated-with-global-functioning-in-people-with-bipolar-disorder
#14
Davy Vancampfort, Pascal Sienaert, Sabine Wyckaert, Marc De Hert, Brendon Stubbs, Justin Richards, James Mugisha, Michel Probst
The aim of the current study was to determine whether the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) score is associated with the functional exercise capacity among in- and outpatients with bipolar disorder. Sixty-five (36♀) persons with bipolar disorder performed a 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and were assessed with the GAF, Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology Self Report (QIDS), and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). The mean GAF-score was 55.0 ± 15.0, whereas the mean distance achieved on the 6MWT was 615...
September 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553849/the-functional-roles-of-muscles-during-sloped-walking
#15
Nathaniel T Pickle, Alena M Grabowski, Arick G Auyang, Anne K Silverman
Sloped walking is biomechanically different from level-ground walking, as evidenced by changes in joint kinematics and kinetics. However, the changes in muscle functional roles underlying these altered movement patterns have not been established. In this study, we developed a total of 273 muscle-actuated simulations to assess muscle functional roles, quantified by induced body center-of-mass accelerations and trunk and leg power, during walking on slopes of 0°, ±3°, ±6°, and ±9° at 1.25m/s. The soleus and gastrocnemius both provided greater forward acceleration of the body parallel to the slope at +9° compared to level ground (+126% and +66%, respectively)...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551818/investigation-of-factors-impacting-mobility-and-gait-in-parkinson-disease
#16
Gustavo Christofoletti, Marie E McNeely, Meghan C Campbell, Ryan P Duncan, Gammon M Earhart
Mobility and gait limitations are major issues for people with Parkinson disease (PD). Identification of factors that contribute to these impairments may inform treatment and intervention strategies. In this study we investigated factors that predict mobility and gait impairment in PD. Participants with mild to moderate PD and without dementia (n=114) were tested in one session 'off' medication. Mobility measures included the 6-Minute Walk test and Timed-Up-and-Go. Gait velocity was collected in four conditions: forward preferred speed, forward dual task, forward fast as possible and backward walking...
October 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516773/the-association-between-different-levels-of-alcohol-use-and-gait-under-single-and-dual-task-in-community-dwelling-older-persons-aged-65-to-70-years
#17
Laurence Seematter-Bagnoud, Christophe Büla, Brigitte Santos-Eggimann
Objectives. This study aimed to describe the cross-sectional and longitudinal association between alcohol intake and gait parameters in older persons. Methods. Community-dwelling persons aged 65-70 years (N = 807). Information on health, functional status, and alcohol use was self-reported at baseline and at 3-year follow-up, whereas gait speed and stride-to-stride variability were measured while walking only (single task) and under dual tasking (counting backwards). Results. Compared to light-to-moderate drinking, heavy drinking was associated with slower gait speed in single task (adj...
2016: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486898/apolipoprotein-e-genotype-linked-to-spatial-gait-characteristics-predictors-of-cognitive-dual-task-gait-change
#18
Rebecca K MacAulay, Ted Allaire, Robert Brouillette, Heather Foil, Annadora J Bruce-Keller, Jeffrey N Keller
BACKGROUND: Developing measures to detect preclinical Alzheimer's Disease is vital, as prodromal stage interventions may prove more efficacious in altering the disease's trajectory. Gait changes may serve as a useful clinical heuristic that precedes cognitive decline. This study provides the first systematic investigation of gait characteristics relationship with relevant demographic, physical, genetic (Apolipoprotein E genotype), and health risk factors in non-demented older adults during a cognitive-load dual task walking condition...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27483110/the-effects-of-different-types-of-ankle-foot-orthoses-on-postural-responses-in-individuals-with-walking-impairments
#19
Imre Cikajlo, Ksenija Osrečki, Helena Burger
The aim of this study was to examine the immediate and long-term effects of different ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) types on postural responses in patients with various pathological conditions who, because of their walking disorders, wore an AFO. A total of 37 patients with different pathological conditions who visited the outpatient clinic for orthotics because of walking problems, already used or were referred for an AFO and had no other impairments that may influence balance were included in the study. The participants were divided into four groups according to the type of AFO that they wore...
August 1, 2016: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27482619/the-effects-of-backward-walking-training-on-balance-and-mobility-in-an-individual-with-chronic-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-a-case-report
#20
Hannah Foster, Lou DeMark, Pamela M Spigel, Dorian K Rose, Emily J Fox
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Individuals with incomplete spinal cord injuries (ISCIs) commonly face persistent gait impairments. Backward walking training may be a useful rehabilitation approach, providing novel gait and balance challenges. However, little is known about the effects of this approach for individuals with ISCIs. The purpose of this case report was to describe the effects of backward walking training on strength, balance, and upright mobility in an individual with chronic ISCI. METHODS: A 28-year-old female, 11-years post ISCI (C4, AIS D) completed 18-sessions of backward walking training on a treadmill with partial body-weight support and overground...
October 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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