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Wrist denervation

Katy Rose, Anne Davies, Matthew Pitt, Didi Ratnasinghe, Luigi D'Argenzio
Backpack palsy is a well-recognised, albeit rare, complication of carrying backpacks. Although it has been mostly described in cadets during strenuous training, sporadic cases of brachial nerve impairment have been reported in children and young adults. Here we reported the case of a 15-year-old girl who presented with a left-side brachial palsy with axonal denervation of C5C7 motor roots following a school challenge for the Duke of Edinburgh Award. Her symptoms began soon after starting the challenge and included weakness of shoulder abduction and elevation, as well as forearm, wrist and fingers extension...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
Vijay Patil, Joan Arenas-Prat
Denervation is a well recognized procedure to treat degenerative or posttraumatic joint conditions, especially in cases where pain is a significant impediment to function even in the presence of stable and supple joint. However, this procedure currently is not as widely used for wrist surgeries as it merits. Denervation procedure obeys all-or-none phenomenon and we believe that even a few residual intact sensory fibers are able to transmit severe pain sensation and therefore every attempt should be made to target all the sensory supply to the wrist joint...
September 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Denis Ehrl, Holger C Erne, P Niclas Broer, Christian Metz, Erwin Falter
BACKGROUND: Pain reduction as well as preservation and improvement in range of motion remain the main aims in the treatment of thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) osteoarthritis (OA). We performed a retrospective outcome analysis of patients with symptomatic stage II-III thumb CMC joint arthritis treated with denervation, joint lavage and capsular imbrication. METHODS: 73 patients with stage II to III OA of the thumb CMC-joint underwent the described technique. A total of 42 patients complied with follow-up assessment and were included in this study...
July 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Philip L Riches, Firas K Elherik, Sean Dolan, Frank Unglaub, Steffen J Breusch
INTRODUCTION: A multitude of surgical interventions are recognised for the treatment of the rheumatoid hand and wrist, however there seems to be a distinct lack of patient rated outcome measures (PROMs) studies reporting on the efficacy of these procedures. The aim of this study was to assess the PROMs related to hand and wrist surgery in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single surgeon series identified 94 patients (133 hands) with RA who had undergone one of eight surgical procedures (Swanson's arthroplasty, finger joint or wrist arthrodesis, carpal tunnel decompression, posterior interosseous nerve denervation, RA nodule excision, synovectomy/tenosynovectomy and tendon repair/release) with a mean follow-up period of 3 years...
April 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Oded Ben Amotz, Douglas M Sammer
Wrist ligamentous injuries can be challenging to treat successfully. In some cases the ligament repair or reconstruction fails, resulting in instability and progressive degenerative changes. In other cases the original injury is missed, and the patient presents for the first time with established wrist arthritis. Multiple operations have been devised to treat patients with arthrosis secondary to wrist ligament injuries. This article discusses definitive salvage operations such as intercarpal arthrodeses and proximal row carpectomy, as well as other alternatives such as wrist denervation and radial styloidectomy...
August 2015: Hand Clinics
Darren Roberts, Dominic Michael Power
This paper presents a rare case of trans-scaphoid perilunate fracture dislocation with concurrent scaphoid non-union of the left wrist following a motorcycle accident. Emergent CT identified scaphoid non-union advanced collapse and an acute scaphoidectomy, four-corner fusion, denervation and radiocarpal ligament repair was performed.
2015: BMJ Case Reports
I Antonio-Rubio, C J Madrid-Navarro, E Salazar-López, M J Pérez-Navarro, C Sáez-Zea, E Gómez-Milán, A Mínguez-Castellanos, F Escamilla-Sevilla
BACKGROUND: An autonomic denervation and abnormal vasomotor reflex in the skin have been described in Parkinson's disease (PD) and might be evaluable using thermography with cold stress test. METHODS: A cross-sectional pilot study was undertaken in 35 adults: 15 patients with PD and abnormal [(123)I]-metaiodobenzylguanidine cardiac scintigraphy and 20 healthy controls. Baseline thermography of both hands was obtained before immersing one in cold water (3 ± 1 °C) for 2 min...
August 2015: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
J Laulan, E Marteau, G Bacle
Painful wrist osteoarthritis can result in major functional impairment. Most cases are related to posttraumatic sequel, metabolic arthropathies, or inflammatory joint disease, although wrist osteoarthritis occurs as an idiopathic condition in a small minority of cases. Surgery is indicated only when conservative treatment fails. The main objective is to ensure pain relief while restoring strength. Motion-preserving procedures are usually preferred, although residual wrist mobility is not crucial to good function...
February 2015: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
P Dráč, I Čižmář, M Homza, V Prášil, J Zapletalová
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study is to compare functional and X-ray results before and after four-corner arthrodesis using an angular stable dorsal circular plate in patients with post-traumatic degenerative changes of the wrist. METHODS: Nine consecutive patients with scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) or scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC) of the wrist, stage III, underwent scaphoid excision and four-corner fusion using angular stable plate fixation...
2014: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
Hirotake Sekiguchi, Makoto Motomiya, Keisuke Sakurai, Dai Matsumoto, Tadanao Funakoshi, Norimasa Iwasaki
It is difficult for most plastic and orthopaedic surgeons to treat nerve dysfunction related to neural adhesion because the pathophysiology and suitable treatment have not been clarified. In the current report, we describe our experience of surgical treatment for adhesive ulnar neuropathy. A 58-year-old male complained of pain radiating to the ulnar nerve-innervated area during elbow and wrist motion caused by adhesive ulnar neuropathy after complex open trauma of the elbow joint. The patient obtained a good clinical outcome by surgical neurolysis of the ulnar nerve combined with a brachial artery perforator-based propeller flap to cover the soft tissue defect after resection of the scar tissue and to prevent readhesion of the ulnar nerve...
February 2015: Microsurgery
Harvey Chim, Steven L Moran
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Understand the pathophysiology of a scapholunate injury. 2. Understand how to diagnose scapholunate injuries 3. Formulate and carry out a surgical plan for patients with a scapholunate injury. SUMMARY: Scapholunate ligament instability is the most common form of carpal instability. Untreated scapholunate injuries can lead to a predictable pattern of wrist arthritis. Early forms of scapholunate ligament instability can be missed, and clinical detection relies on an educated observer...
August 2014: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Philip L Riches, Firas K Elherik, Steffen J Breusch
INTRODUCTION: Wrist arthrodesis offers high success rates in patients with rheumatoid arthritis; however, loss of residual mobility may cause unnecessary disability. This makes wrist denervation an appealing alternative. However, there is a distinct lack of patient-reported outcome measure studies comparing these two procedures. The aim of this study was to report any change in function, pain and satisfaction following wrist arthrodesis compared to denervation in a single surgeon series of rheumatoid patients...
July 2014: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Heinz K Bürger, Christian Windhofer, Alexander J Gaggl, James P Higgins
PURPOSE: To describe the operative technique and report the results of 16 consecutive cases of arthroplasty for advanced Kienböck disease using a vascularized osteochondral graft from the medial femoral trochlea (MFT) with a minimum 12-month follow-up. METHODS: Chart reviews of 16 cases of osteochondral MFT flap transfers for lunate reconstruction were performed in 2 institutions. Mean patient age was 35 years (range, 19-51 y). Preoperative Lichtman staging was 2 in 7 patients, 3a in 8 patients, and 3b in 1...
July 2014: Journal of Hand Surgery
Paul Seror, Raphaéle Seror
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the electrodiagnostic (EDX) pattern of severe and extreme median nerve lesions at the wrist (MNLW) in patients with idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome. METHODS: EDX data were recorded in 229 patients with 314 severe and extreme MNLW and 447 patients with 777 non-severe MNLW. We recorded distal motor latency (DML) to abductor pollicis brevis (APB) and second lumbricalis (2L), sensory conduction (SC) from digits 2 and 3, and needle examination of APB...
February 2015: Muscle & Nerve
Dawn M LaPorte, S Shar Hashemi, A Lee Dellon
PURPOSE: To describe the sensory innervation of the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) to understand the potential for selective denervation as an alternative treatment for recalcitrant pain from stable TFCC IA lesions after failed nonsurgical treatment. METHODS: Eleven fresh cadaveric limbs were dissected with × 3.2 loupe magnification in a proximal to distal manner. The candidate nerves were the dorsal cutaneous branch of the ulnar nerve, volar sensory branch of the ulnar nerve, anterior interosseous nerve, posterior interosseous nerve, medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve, and palmar cutaneous branch of the median nerve...
June 2014: Journal of Hand Surgery
John S Taras, Kenneth W Donohue
This case report describes the course of a 26-year-old male who developed a dense motor palsy of the radial nerve after receiving a seasonal influenza vaccination. The palsy developed within 12 to 16 hours of inoculation and demonstrated no clinical recovery until 5 months postinjury. Electromyographic and nerve conduction studies obtained at six weeks postinjury were consistent with complete motor denervation. Sensory function was preserved. The injury was successfully treated nonoperatively with physical therapy and wrist splinting, and the palsy gradually resolved over the next several months...
2014: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
E Simon, A Zemirline, J Richou, W Hu, D Le Nen
OBJECTIVES: Complete wrist denervation is a palliative operation, which yields still controversial outcomes. The aim of our study is to assess the late outcomes of complete wrist denervation. METHODS: In a retrospective continuous review of 27 complete and isolated denervations of the wrist joint performed by the same surgeon in 27 patients (15 men for 12 women) from 1995 to 2007, the pain (VAS), the function (Dash-score), the range of motion, the strength (Jamar) and the radiological changes were assessed at a mean follow-up period of 77 months (12 to 157)...
December 2012: Chirurgie de la Main
Johannes F Plate, L Kirsten Ely, Benjamin R Pulley, Beth P Smith, Zhongyu Li
The treatment of patients with prolonged denervation from a posterior cord brachial plexus injury is challenging and no management guidelines exist to follow. The authors describe the case of a 26-year-old man who presented to our clinic for treatment 11 months after suffering a high-energy injury to the posterior cord of the brachial plexus. A combined 9-cm proximal cable nerve graft procedure and a pronator branch to the posterior interosseous nerve transfer were performed. Satisfactory deltoid, triceps, wrist, and finger extensor recovery was noted 3 years after surgery...
January 2013: Journal of Neurosurgery
B Hohendorff, M Mühldorfer-Fodor, K Kalb, J von Schoonhoven, K-J Prommersberger
BACKGROUND: This retrospective study examines long-term follow-up results after complete denervation of the wrist. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1994 and 2000 a total of 61 complete wrist denervations of 59 patients (median age at operation 46 years) were performed. In 2009 29 patients with 30 complete wrist denervations took part in a follow-up examination after an average of 10 years. The mobility of the wrist and the grip force were examined. Pain and satisfaction with the operation were determined by means of a visual analogue scale (VAS) (0-100)...
April 2012: Der Unfallchirurg
Xavier Libouton, Olivier Barbier, Yorick Berger, Leon Plaghki, Jean-Louis Thonnard
This study aims to investigate the relative contribution of remote mechanoreceptors to perception of roughness and spatial acuity. We examined two unilateral pathological conditions affecting differently innervation of the index finger: unilateral carpal tunnel syndrome (n=12) and surgically repaired complete traumatic median nerve section at the wrist following surgical repair (n=4). We employed a control condition consisting of ring-block anesthesia of the entire index in 10 healthy subjects to model pathological denervation of the fingertip...
April 1, 2012: Behavioural Brain Research
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