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M Chen, Q R Dong, Q Huang, W Xu, C She
Objective: To investigate the molecular mechanism of low-dose X-ray irradiation on osteoblasts by detecting the gene expression profiles of osteoblasts radiated with 0.5 Gy X-ray. Methods: Microarray analyses to value the changes of gene expression of MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts after 0.5 Gy X-ray irradiation were conducted.The end points included modulation of key markers, and pathway and gene ontology through transcriptomic profiling and bioinformatics analysis. Several major genes during osteoblasts differentiation were selected for Real-time PCR analysis...
September 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Oliver H Wang, Nancy Azizian, Ming Guo, Michela Capello, Defeng Deng, Fenglin Zang, Jason Fry, Matthew H Katz, Jason B Fleming, Jeffrey E Lee, Robert A Wolff, Samir Hanash, Huamin Wang, Anirban Maitra
OBJECTIVES: MAP4K5 plays an important role in regulating a range of cellular responses and is involved in Wnt signaling in hematopoietic cells. However, its functions in human malignancies have not been studied. The major objectives of this study are to examine the expression, functions and clinical significance of MAP4K5 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression levels of MAP4K5, E-cadherin, vimentin, and carboxylesterase 2 (CES2) were examined by immunohistochemistry in 105 PDAC and matched non-neoplastic pancreas samples from our institution...
2016: PloS One
Huai-Chia Chuang, Xiaohong Wang, Tse-Hua Tan
MAP kinase kinase kinase kinases (MAP4Ks) belong to the mammalian Ste20-like family of serine/threonine kinases. MAP4Ks including MAP4K1/HPK1, MAP4K2/GCK, MAP4K3/GLK, MAP4K4/HGK, MAP4K5/KHS, and MAP4K6/MINK have been reported to induce JNK activation through activating the MAP3K-MAP2K cascade. The physiological roles of MAP4Ks in immunity and inflammation are largely unknown until recent studies using biochemical approaches and knockout mice. Surprisingly, JNK is not the major target of MAP4Ks in immune cells; MAP4Ks regulate immune responses through novel targets...
2016: Advances in Immunology
Yeonui Kwak, Hanna Cho, Wooyoung Hur, Taebo Sim
Uncontrolled activation of FGFRs induces the progression of various cancers. It was recently reported that FGFR2-activating mutants are implicated in about 12% of endometrial carcinomas. AZD4547, a potent pan-FGFR inhibitor, is currently being evaluated in clinical trials for several FGFR-driven cancers. However, AZD4547 has not been examined yet against FGFR2 mutant-driven endometrial cancers. Thus, we evaluated the activity of AZD4547 against four different endometrial cancer cells, including AN3-CA, MFE296, MFE280, and HEC1A, where all but HEC1A cells express distinctive FGFR2 mutations...
October 2015: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Ying Hu, Thinh Chau, Hui-Xin Liu, Degui Liao, Ryan Keane, Yuqiang Nie, Hui Yang, Yu-Jui Yvonne Wan
UNLABELLED: Bile acids (BA) are endogenous agents capable of causing cancer throughout the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. To uncover the mechanism by which BAs exert carcinogenic effects, both human liver and colon cancer cells as well as mouse primary hepatocytes were treated with BAs and assayed for viability, genotoxic stress, and transcriptional response. BAs induced both Nur77 (NR4A1) and proinflammatory gene expression. The intracellular location of BA-induced Nur77 was time dependent; short-term (1-3 hours) exposure induced nuclear Nur77, whereas longer (1-2 days) exposure also increased cytosolic Nur77 expression and apoptosis...
February 2015: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Yu-An Zhang, John Nemunaitis, Shirley K Samuel, Patrick Chen, Yuqiao Shen, Alex W Tong
Despite successes in animal models, cancer gene therapy with small interfering RNAs (siRNA) is hindered by the lack of an optimal delivery platform. We examined the applicability of the replication-competent, oncolytic adenovirus, ONYX-411, to deliver a mutant K-ras siRNA transgene to human cancer cells. Proof-of-principle studies showed an additive tumor growth-inhibitory response through siRNA-mediated K-ras knockdown and ONYX-411-mediated cancer cell lysis. A novel construct, termed Internavec (for interfering RNA vector), was generated by cloning a K-ras(v12)-specific siRNA(ras-4) hairpin construct under the control of the human H1 promoter into the deleted E3b region of ONYX-411...
October 1, 2006: Cancer Research
Yanyun Gu, Tianhong Luo, Jian Yang, Di Zhang, Meng Dai, Weixia Jian, Sheng Zheng, Wenzhong Zhou, Weibin Zhou, Yixing Wu, Yun Liu, Youping Liu, Jiping Li, Xiaoyan Xie, Guo Li, Min Luo
MAP4K5 (mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase kinase 5), an early component of MAP kinase signal cascades was shown to activate Jun kinase in mammalian cells. The association between SNPs of MAP4K5 and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) was investigated due to the known relationship of the JNK pathway with T2DM. A total of 1,399 cases were included in the study. Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and insulin release test (IRT) were performed, and blood DNA samples were extracted and genotyped on the MAP4K5 -822G/A site...
2006: Journal of Human Genetics
Kenneth R Boheler, Maria Volkova, Christopher Morrell, Rahul Garg, Yi Zhu, Kenneth Margulies, Anne-Marie Seymour, Edward G Lakatta
Heart failure (HF) is the end result of progressive and diverse biological adaptations within the diseased myocardium. We used cDNA microarrays and quantitative PCR to examine the transcriptomes of 38 left ventricles from failing and nonfailing human myocardium. After identification of a pool of putative HF-responsive candidate genes by microarrays on seven nonfailing and eight failing hearts, we used quantitative PCR and a general linear statistical model in a larger sample set (n = 34) to validate and examine the role of contributing biological variables (age and sex)...
March 4, 2003: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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