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Cancer inpatient rehabilitation

Andrew Lamberth Parker, Terrence Pugh, Mark A Hirsch
Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a rare but well-recognized malignant soft tissue sarcoma of smooth muscle origin. Metastases commonly occur in the lungs, liver, kidney, brain, and bone. Cases of metastatic osseous lesions or other extradural space-occupying masses secondary to LMS leading to neurologic compromise are relatively commonplace in the literature. Conversely, cases of intramedullary spinal cord metastasis (ISCM), an unusual entity as a sequela of any cancer, are exceedingly rare as a consequence of LMS. Only 2 cases of an ISCM from LMS are currently documented in the literature, and to the best of our knowledge, no case is described in the rehabilitation literature...
November 4, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Hisham Hussan, Peter P Stanich, Darrell M Gray, Somashekar G Krishna, Kyle Porter, Darwin L Conwell, Steven K Clinton
BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity is associated with worse colorectal cancer (CRC) perioperative outcomes. The impact of bariatric surgery on these outcomes is unknown. METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample Database (2006-2012) was used to identify adults with prior bariatric surgery (divided into BMI ≤35 kg/m(2) and BMI >35 kg/m(2)) or morbid obesity that underwent CRC surgery. Main outcomes were mortality, surgical complications and health care utilization. RESULTS: There were 1813 patients with prior bariatric surgery and 22,552 morbidly obese patients that underwent CRC surgery between 2006 and 2012...
October 21, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Hui-Chuan Huang, Chien-Hung Chang, Chaur-Jong Hu, Meei-Ling Shyu, Chin-I Chen, Chih-Shan Huang, Hsiu-Ting Tsai, Hsiu-Ju Chang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the temporal effects of psychological distress on the functional recovery among stroke survivors. DESIGN: A longitudinal follow-up study. All participants were interviewed at 5 days after stroke onset, and at 1, 2, 3, and 6 months after discharge from acute care hospitals. SETTING: Neurology inpatient and outpatient departments and rehabilitation clinics. PARTICIPANTS: First-time stroke participants (N=62) without cognitive impairment, psychiatric disorders, or cancer were recruited...
October 12, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
J Lamprecht, M Robinski, W Mau
Background: The social network is one of the most significant resources during the course of the rehabilitation. However, there is a lack of short instruments in questionnaire format for the assessment of social relations in the chronically ill. We therefore developed a network generator (NWG), and tested its performance in patients with different diseases during medical rehabilitation. Methods: We tested its reliability, validity and acceptance in 882 inpatients participating in medical rehabilitation programs (cancer N=290, musculoskeletal diseases N=292, and psychosomatic diseases N=300)...
October 2016: Die Rehabilitation
Elisabeth Peters, Laura Mendoza Schulz, Monika Reuss-Borst
BACKGROUND: Although this effect is well known, tailored treatment methods have not yet been broadly adopted. The aim of this study was to identify those patient characteristics that most influence the impairment of quality of life and thus to identify those patients who need and can benefit most from specific intervention treatment. METHODS: 1879 cancer patients were given the EORTC QLQ C-30 questionnaire at the beginning and end of their inpatient rehabilitation...
October 10, 2016: BMC Cancer
Santosh B Murthy, Aditi Shastri, Alexander E Merkler, Daniel F Hanley, Wendy C Ziai, Matthew E Fink, Costantino Iadecola, Hooman Kamel, Babak B Navi
BACKGROUND: Single-center studies suggest that patients with cancer have similar outcomes after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) compared to patients without cancer. However, these studies were limited by small sample sizes and high rates of intratumoral hemorrhage. Our hypothesis was that systemic cancer patients without brain involvement fare worse after ICH than patients without cancer. METHODS: We identified all patients diagnosed with spontaneous ICH from 2002 to 2011 in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Susanne Kuhnt, Elmar Brähler, Hermann Faller, Martin Härter, Monika Keller, Holger Schulz, Karl Wegscheider, Joachim Weis, Anna Boehncke, Bianca Hund, Katrin Reuter, Matthias Richard, Susanne Sehner, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Uwe Koch, Anja Mehnert
BACKGROUND: Psychological problems are common in cancer patients. For the purpose of planning psycho-oncological interventions and services tailored to the specific needs of different cancer patient populations, it is necessary to know to what extent psychological problems meet the criteria of mental disorders. The purpose of this study was to estimate the 12-month and lifetime prevalence rates of mental disorders in cancer patients. METHODS: A representative sample of patients with different tumour entities and tumour stages (n = 2,141) in outpatient, inpatient and rehabilitation settings underwent the standardized computer-assisted Composite International Diagnostic Interview for mental disorders adapted for cancer patients (CIDI-O)...
2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
J Lamprecht, A Thyrolf, W Mau
The focus of the study is the analysis of changes in health-related quality of life in various cancer entities during and after an inpatient rehabilitation programme. In a multicentre longitudinal study, a total of 211 cancer patients (breast cancer: N = 84; prostate cancer: N = 90; colon cancer: N = 37) were asked about their quality of life (EORTC QLQ-C30; HADS) at the beginning, the end and 3 months after the end of the rehabilitation programme. In different domains of quality of life significant and mostly clinically relevant improvements were found during rehabilitation...
August 2, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
A Mehnert, J Barth, M Gaspar, B Leibbrand, C-D Kegel, W Bootsveld, M Friedrich, T J Hartung, D Berger, U Koch
This longitudinal study was designed to assess patients' desire for early retirement and investigate which cancer-related and psychosocial characteristics are associated with early retirement. We assessed 750 cancer patients at the beginning (t0 ) and end (t1 ) of, and 12 months after (t2 ) inpatient cancer rehabilitation. At t0 , 22% had a desire to retire early. These patients reported significantly longer sick leave periods, less favourable workplace environments, lower work ability, higher psychological distress and lower quality of life than other patients...
June 23, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
Sean Robinson Smith, Jack B Fu
Paraneoplastic stiff person syndrome is a rare, but debilitating, manifestation of cancer, characterized by painful extremities, truncal and facial spasms. The resultant functional impairment may necessitate comprehensive rehabilitation and symptom management. This case series describes the acute inpatient rehabilitation courses of 2 patients at different tertiary care referral cancer rehabilitation programmes, including work-up and diagnosis, medical management of symptoms, and functional outcomes. Both patients had a reduction in symptom burden and an improvement in motor function as a result of multidisciplinary acute inpatient rehabilitation...
July 18, 2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Carsten Müller, Konstantin A Krauth, Joachim Gerß, Dieter Rosenbaum
PURPOSE: Chronic health conditions and impaired quality of life are commonly experienced in childhood cancer survivors. While rehabilitation clinics support patients in coping with the disease, studies evaluating an inpatient rehabilitation program on promoting physical activity (PA) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) are missing. METHODS: A 4-week inpatient rehabilitation program was prospectively evaluated. One hundred fifty patients with leukemia or lymphoma (N = 86), brain tumors (N = 38), and sarcomas (N = 26) were enrolled on average 17 months after cessation of acute medical treatment...
September 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
A Bonacchi, G Miccinesi, S Galli, C Primi, F Chiesi, D Lippi, M Muraca, A Toccafondi
PURPOSE: The Needs Evaluation Questionnaire (NEQ) is a self-administered instrument with 23 dichotomous items that is used both in oncology clinical practice and in research. It was originally developed for use in setting of hospitalization. The aim of the present study was to assess the factor structure of the NEQ in an outpatient oncology sample and to compare the unmet needs of inpatients and outpatients in the Italian context. METHODS: In 6 Italian oncology departments, 783 patients completed the NEQ...
August 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Sobia F Ali-Faisal, Lisa Benz Scott, Lauren Johnston, Sherry L Grace
OBJECTIVES: To describe (1) cardiac rehabilitation (CR) referral across cardiac units in a tertiary centre with eReferral; (2) characteristics associated with CR referral and enrolment and (3) the effects of peer navigation (PN) on referral and enrolment. This pilot was a 2 parallel-arm, randomised, single-blind trial with allocation concealment. SETTING: 3 cardiac units (ie, interventional, general cardiology, and cardiac surgery) in 1 of 2 hospitals of a tertiary centre...
March 21, 2016: BMJ Open
Jack B Fu, Jay Lee, Kenny B Tran, Christian M Siangco, Amy H Ng, Dennis W Smith, Eduardo Bruera
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine if there is a relationship between patient symptoms and functional improvement on inpatient rehabilitation. METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records at an American tertiary referral-based cancer center of all patients admitted to an inpatient rehabilitation unit between 3/1/2013-5/20/2013. Main outcome measures included the Edmonton Symptom and Assessment Scale (ESAS) and Functional Independence Measure (FIM). FINDINGS: The medical records for 71 unique cancer rehabilitation inpatients were analyzed...
November 2015: International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation
Hilke M Rath, Anneke Ullrich, Ullrich Otto, Christa Kerschgens, Martin Raida, Christa Hagen-Aukamp, Uwe Koch, Corinna Bergelt
PURPOSE: A radical prostatectomy might lead to an impaired quality of life. Aim of the study was to analyse the impact of inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation on psychosocial and physical outcomes in patients after surgery. METHODS: Six hundred nineteen inpatients and 95 outpatients, treated for localized prostate cancer by prostatectomy, completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and two quality-of-life questionnaires (EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC QLQ-PR25) at the beginning and end of rehabilitation as well as 12 months after rehabilitation...
June 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Jack B Fu, Josephine R Bianty, Jimin Wu, An Ngo-Huang, Ki Y Shin, Eduardo Bruera
BACKGROUND: Acute inpatient rehabilitation is often used by cancer patients to assist with discharge home and/or preparation for further treatment. Private insurance patients often require approval before transfer to acute inpatient rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the approval rate of private insurance carriers for acute inpatient cancer rehabilitation. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Tertiary referral-based cancer center...
July 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Bruno Maehr, Mohammad Keilani, Christoph Wiltschke, Marco Hassler, Thomas Licht, Christine Marosi, Elisabeth Huetterer, Fadime Cenik, Richard Crevenna
In Austria, cancer rehabilitation is an important issue in the management of cancer patients. Survival rates and survival time of cancer patients are increasing, and cancer rehabilitation is an important part in the treatment and care of cancer patients with the goal to improve functional status, quality of life, and (social) participation. Today, in Austria there are approximately 600 beds for inpatient rehabilitation. The field of outpatient rehabilitation will maybe be expanded after evaluating the existing pilot projects...
February 2016: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
Hisham Hussan, Darrell M Gray, Alice Hinton, Somashekar G Krishna, Darwin L Conwell, Peter P Stanich
BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity (Basic Mass Index ≥ 40 kg/m(2)) leads to increased long-term mortality after colorectal cancer (CRC) surgery. Little is known about its effects on peri-operative CRC surgery outcomes. METHODS: 85,300 discharges for CRC surgery were identified using the redesigned 2012 National Inpatient Sample. Outcomes of interest were mortality, healthcare charges, and surgical outcomes in morbidly obese patients which were compared to those in nonobese patients...
April 2016: World Journal of Surgery
N S Akhmadyar, B E Khairulin, S Amangeldy-Kyzy, M A Ospanov
BACKGROUND: One of the main problems of drug provision of multidisciplinary hospitals is the necessity to improve the efficiency of budget spending. Despite the efforts undertaken in Kazakhstan for improving the mechanism of drug distribution (creation of the Kazakhstan National Formulary, Unified National Health System, the handbook of medicines (drugs) costs in the electronic register of inpatients (ERI), having a single distributor), the number of unresolved issues still remain."National Medical Holding" JSC (NMH) was established in 2008 and unites 6 innovational healthcare facilities with up to 1431 beds (700 children and 731 adults), located in the medical cluster - which are "National Research Center for Maternal and Child Health" JSC (NRCMC), "Republic Children's Rehabilitation Center" JSC (RCRC), "Republican Diagnostic Center" JSC (RDC), "National Centre for Neurosurgery" JSC (NCN), "National Research Center for Oncology and Transplantation" JSC (NRCOT) and "National Research Cardiac Surgery Center" JSC (NRCSC)...
2015: International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
Maria Ture, Jürgen Barth, Felix Angst, André Aeschlimann, Ulrich Schnyder, Nic Zerkiebel, Josef Perseus, Christoph Renner, Patrick Imesch, Bruno Fuchs, Gerhard Frank Huber, Heinrich Walt, Chantal Martin-Soelch, Josef Jenewein
QUESTION UNDER STUDY: Rehabilitation for cancer patients aims to reduce physical disability and mental distress resulting from the disease and its treatment. However, little is known about the use of cancer inpatient rehabilitation in Switzerland in relation to sociodemographic and medical characteristics. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate whether there are differences in sociodemographic and medical characteristics between patients who underwent inpatient rehabilitation (users) and those who did not (nonusers)...
2015: Swiss Medical Weekly
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