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Cancer inpatient rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942908/integrating-function-directed-treatments-into-palliative-care
#1
REVIEW
Andrea L Cheville, Melissa Morrow, Sean Robinson Smith, Jeffrey R Basford
The growing acceptance of palliative care has created opportunities to increase the use of rehabilitation services among populations with advanced disease, particularly those with cancer. Broader delivery has been impeded by the lack of a shared definition for palliative rehabilitation and a mismatch between patient needs and established rehabilitation service delivery models. We propose the definition that, in the advanced cancer population, palliative rehabilitation is function-directed care delivered in partnership with other clinical disciplines and aligned with the values of patients who have serious and often incurable illnesses in contexts marked by intense and dynamic symptoms, psychological stress, and medical morbidity to realize potentially time-limited goals...
September 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942907/a-guide-to-inpatient-cancer-rehabilitation-focusing-on-patient-selection-and-evidence-based-outcomes
#2
REVIEW
Jack B Fu, Vishwa S Raj, Ying Guo
Cancer inpatients commonly suffer from impairments that can prohibit safe discharge home from the acute care inpatient medical service and thus require transfer to a postacute inpatient rehabilitation facility. It has been demonstrated in multiple studies that cancer rehabilitation inpatients are able to make statistically significant functional improvements and at a similar pace as their noncancer counterparts. Medical fragility and reimbursement regulations are concerns that affect acceptance and triage of cancer rehabilitation inpatients...
September 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929167/frequency-of-venous-thromboembolism-events-during-acute-inpatient-rehabilitation-in-a-comprehensive-cancer-centre
#3
Amy H Ng, Liat Goldman, Jack B Fu, Thein H Oo, Gary B Chisholm, Diane D Liu, Anuja Bedi, Eduardo Bruera
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of venous thromboembolism, possible predictors, and the association between venous thromboembolism and Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scores and length of stay among cancer patients admitted to the inpatient rehabilitation unit at a cancer centre. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of patients admitted to acute inpatient rehabilitation from September 2011 to June 2013. Subject/patients: Cancer patients in the acute inpatient rehabilitation unit within a tertiary cancer centre...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916897/improvement-of-quality-of-life-and-psychological-distress-after-inpatient-cancer-rehabilitation-results-of-a%C3%A2-longitudinal-observational-study
#4
David Riedl, Johannes M Giesinger, Lisa M Wintner, Fanny L Loth, Gerhard Rumpold, Richard Greil, Alain Nickels, Thomas Licht, Bernhard Holzner
BACKGROUND: With the growing number of cancer survivors worldwide the need for high quality cancer rehabilitation after primary treatment is steadily increasing. The aim of the present study was to investigate change of psychological distress and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) during multidisciplinary inpatient cancer rehabilitation in a large sample of cancer survivors suffering from different cancer entities. METHODS: We analyzed data from routine HRQOL and distress monitoring at a cancer inpatient rehabilitation center...
September 15, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819367/short-term-effectiveness-of-inpatient-cancer-rehabilitation-a-longitudinal-controlled-cohort-study
#5
Maria Ture, Felix Angst, André Aeschlimann, Christoph Renner, Ulrich Schnyder, Nic Zerkiebel, Josef Perseus, Jürgen Barth, Marius Bredell, Chantal Martin Soelch, Heinrich Walt, Josef Jenewein
Background: Inpatient rehabilitation for cancer patients has been demonstrated to improve patients' health related quality of life (HRQoL) effectively. The purpose of this study was to compare changes in general health and HRQoL of cancer patients who were referred to inpatient rehabilitation (IR) with those in two control groups who underwent outpatient management either with advice for inpatient rehabilitation (A(+)) or without (A(-)). Methods: In this naturalistic, longitudinal, controlled cohort study, changes in general health and HRQoL were assessed at either discharge of acute hospital or start of rehabilitation (baseline) and at the follow-up 3 weeks later or end of rehabilitation...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801975/trends-in-aging-related-services-during-nephrectomy-implications-for-surgery-in-an-aging-population
#6
Hung-Jui Tan, Mark S Litwin, Karim Chamie, Debra Saliba, Jim C Hu
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the extent to which geriatric and related healthcare services are provided to older adults undergoing surgery for kidney cancer, a potential growth area in geriatrics and oncology. DESIGN: Population-based observational study. SETTING: Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results cancer data linked with Medicare claims. PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged 65 and older with kidney cancer treated surgically from 2000 to 2009 (N = 19,129)...
October 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760151/pureair-protocol-randomized-controlled-trial-of-intensive-pulmonary-rehabilitation-versus-standard-care-in-patients-undergoing-surgical-resection-for-lung-cancer
#7
Stefania Fugazzaro, Stefania Costi, Carlotta Mainini, Besa Kopliku, Cristian Rapicetta, Roberto Piro, Roberta Bardelli, Patricia Filipa Sobral Rebelo, Carla Galeone, Giorgio Sgarbi, Filippo Lococo, Massimiliano Paci, Tommaso Ricchetti, Silvio Cavuto, Domenico Franco Merlo, Sara Tenconi
BACKGROUND: Non-small cell lung cancer is the most common type of lung cancer. Surgery is proven to be the most effective treatment in early stages, despite its potential impact on quality of life. Pulmonary rehabilitation, either before or after surgery, is associated with reduced morbidity related symptoms and improved exercise capacity, lung function and quality of life. METHODS: We describe the study protocol for the open-label randomized controlled trial we are conducting on patients affected by primary lung cancer (stages I-II) eligible for surgical treatment...
July 31, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732487/alcohol-use-disorders-and-associated-chronic-disease-a-national-retrospective-cohort-study-from-france
#8
Michaël Schwarzinger, Sophie Pascale Thiébaut, Sylvain Baillot, Vincent Mallet, Jürgen Rehm
BACKGROUND: Evidence on diseases caused by or associated with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) has been based on two meta-analyses including rather dated studies. The objective of this contribution was to estimate the risks of all-cause mortality and alcohol-attributable disease categories depending on a diagnosis of AUDs in a national sample for France. METHODS: In a national retrospective cohort study on all inpatient acute and rehabilitation care patients in Metropolitan France 2008-2012 (N = 26,356,361), AUDs and other disease categories were identified from all discharge diagnoses according to standard definitions, and we relied on in-hospital death for mortality (57...
July 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632248/perceived-benefits-and-barriers-to-exercise-for-recently-treated-adults-with-acute-leukemia
#9
Ashley Leak Bryant, AnnMarie L Walton, Mackenzi Pergolotti, Brett Phillips, Charlotte Bailey, Deborah K Mayer, Claudio Battaglini
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To explore perceived exercise benefits and barriers in adults with acute leukemia who recently completed an inpatient exercise intervention during induction therapy.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Descriptive, exploratory design using semistructured interviews.
. SETTING: Inpatient hematology/oncology unit at North Carolina Cancer Hospital in Chapel Hill.
. PARTICIPANTS: 6 adults with acute leukemia aged 35-67 years...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628542/a-rare-intramedullary-spinal-cord-metastasis-from-a-retroperitoneal-leiomyosarcoma-presenting-as-a-non-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Andrew Lamberth Parker, Terrence Pugh, Mark A Hirsch
Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a rare but well-recognized malignant soft tissue sarcoma of smooth muscle origin. Metastases commonly occur in the lungs, liver, kidney, brain, and bone. Cases of metastatic osseous lesions or other extradural space-occupying masses secondary to LMS leading to neurologic compromise are relatively commonplace in the literature. Conversely, cases of intramedullary spinal cord metastasis (ISCM), an unusual entity as a sequela of any cancer, are exceedingly rare as a consequence of LMS. Only 2 cases of an ISCM from LMS are currently documented in the literature, and to the best of our knowledge, no case is described in the rehabilitation literature...
July 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599338/-effects-of-a-phone-based-follow-up-care-after-inpatient-rehabilitation-for-breast-cancer-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
H G Hass, F Muthny, J Stepien, J Lerch, C von der Marwitz, R Schröck, D Berger, J Tripp
Background Benefit and long-term effects of rehabilitation and psychoeducational interventions after cancer therapy are still controversial discussed. Aim of the study was to evaluate feasibility and effects of a telephone-based follow-up intervention after oncological rehabilitation. Methods 172 breast cancer patients (age 27-54 years) were randomized after inpatient rehabilitation to a telephone-based intervention (phone calls every 4 weeks over 6 months) or control group. Patients were evaluated by standardized questionnaire (e...
June 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589739/characteristics-and-functional-outcomes-of-chordoma-patients-admitted-for-inpatient-rehabilitation
#12
Sasha E Knowlton, Ross Zafonte, Kevin C O'Connor, Joseph Schwab, Francis Hornicek
PURPOSE: To describe the population and functional changes observed after an inpatient rehabilitation facility stay in chordoma patients Materials and Methods: We conducted a consecutive series retrospective review of patients with chordoma, admitted to an academic inpatient rehabilitation facility after surgical resection from 2010 to 2015. Information regarding demographic, tumor- and surgery-specific data, lengths of stay, complications, admission and discharge functional independence measure scores was collected...
June 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520962/systematic-short-term-pulmonary-rehabilitation-before-lung-cancer-lobectomy-a-randomized-trial
#13
Yutian Lai, Jianhua Su, Peiyuan Qiu, Mingming Wang, Kun Zhou, Yuxin Tang, Guowei Che
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to assess the impact of a preoperative 1-week, systematic, high-intensity inpatient exercise regimen on patients with lung cancer who had risk factors for postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs). METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial with 101 subjects of a preoperative, 7-day systematic, integrated, high-intensity pulmonary exercise regimen. The control group received standard preoperative care. We analysed the occurrence of PPCs in both groups as the primary outcome; other outcomes included changes in blood gas, quality of life, peak expiratory flow rate, the 6-min walk distance and others...
September 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461228/patient-reported-usefulness-of-acute-cancer-rehabilitation
#14
Amy H Ng, Ekta Gupta, Rhodora C Fontillas, Swati Bansal, Janet L Williams, Minjeong Park, Diane Liu, Jack B Fu, Rajesh R Yadav, Eduardo Bruera
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors often have unmet needs, and cancer rehabilitation is becoming an integral part of the continuum of care. Understanding the needs and satisfaction of patients undergoing cancer rehabilitation is important for the development of effective programs. OBJECTIVE: To determine the overall perception of acute inpatient cancer rehabilitation usefulness. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Acute inpatient cancer rehabilitation unit at a National Cancer Institute (NCI) Comprehensive Cancer Center...
April 29, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405705/-cost-effectiveness-of-gnrh-antagonists-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer-and-cardiovascular-risk-comparative-analysis-against-leuprorelin-by-the-number-needed-to-treat
#15
D Anderson, J Lehmann, T Ecker, S Vosgerau, V Donatz
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is associated with increased cardiovascular (CV) risk for patients with hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (PCa) and pre-existing CV disease. This risk seems to be different for the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists leuprolide and goserelin and GnRH antagonists, whereas the slightly more expensive GnRH antagonist shows a beneficial risk profile. The present study assesses the cost effectiveness of degarelix compared to leuprolide for PCa patients with increased CV risk...
July 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395375/-effects-of-a-four-week-rehabilitation-program-on-motor-performance-quality-of-life-and-fatigue-in-childhood-cancer-patients-and-healthy-siblings
#16
J Däggelmann, K A Krauth, P Mailand, S Nopper, M Renniger, L Bündgen, V Rustler, W Bloch, F T Baumann
Aim In Germany all childhood cancer patients and their families are offered the opportunity to participate in a four-week, family-oriented, inpatient rehabilitation program in order to facilitate (re-)integration into everyday life. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of this rehabilitation program on motor performance, quality of life (QoL) and fatigue. Methods Motor performance, QoL and fatigue were assessed in 22 childhood cancer patients and 20 healthy siblings at the beginning (t1) and the end (t2) of the four-week rehabilitation program, as well as 6 months later (t3)...
April 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248691/prospective-evaluation-of-postural-control-and-gait-in-pediatric-patients-with-cancer-after-a-4-week-inpatient-rehabilitation-program
#17
Carsten Müller, Dieter Rosenbaum, Konstantin A Krauth
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of a 4-wk inpatient rehabilitation program on postural control and gait in pediatric patients with cancer. DESIGN: Eighty-eight patients with brain tumors (n = 59) and bone/soft tissue sarcomas (n = 29) were evaluated. Postural control was assessed examining the velocity of the center of pressure and single-leg stance time on a pressure distribution platform. Walk ratio, a measure of neuromotor control, was used to evaluate intervention effects on gait...
September 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161317/characterization-of-cancer-patients-in-inpatient-rehabilitation-facilities-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Jacqueline M Mix, Carl V Granger, Michael J LaMonte, Paulette Niewczyk, Margaret A DiVita, Richard Goldstein, Jerome W Yates, Jo L Freudenheim
OBJECTIVES: To identify the types of cancer patients admitted to inpatient medical rehabilitation and to describe their rehabilitation outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: U.S. inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs). PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients (N=27,952) with a malignant cancer diagnosis admitted to an IRF with a cancer-related impairment between October 2010 and September 2012 were identified from the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation database...
May 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156482/implementing-an-emergency-department-emr-trigger-tool-for-palliative-medicine-consultation-and-its-effect-on-length-of-stay-and-health-care-costs-a-retrospective-study
#19
Felix Rivera, Wendy Edwards
167 Background: Several studies have shown that palliative medicine consultation can improve multiple patient-centered outcomes, especially when provided early. Our goal is to show that our electronic health record (EHR) trigger tool is a cost-effective way for hospitals to identify patients who may benefit from early consultation, improving outcomes such as hospital length of stay and facilitating appropriate disposition for patients with metastatic cancer. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 721 patients at an urban community hospital who were identified by a trigger system integrated into the Emergency Department (ED) EHR...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139446/patient-frailty-and-discharge-disposition-following-radical-cystectomy
#20
Jeffrey A Pearl, Dattatraya Patil, Christopher P Filson, Shipra Arya, Mehrdad Alemozaffar, Viraj A Master, Kenneth Ogan
BACKGROUND: Patients with bladder cancer who are treated with cystectomy are at high risk for complications and prolonged length of stay. This population tends to be of advanced age with underlying comorbidities, and thus more likely to have decreased physiologic reserve (ie, frailty). Our objective was to evaluate the relationship between frailty and discharge disposition for patients with bladder cancer treated with cystectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using data from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program, we identified patients with bladder cancer undergoing cystectomy (2011-2014)...
January 5, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
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