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Atrial natriuretic factor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140729/gene-expression-and-gene-associations-during-the-development-of-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-in-the-dahl-salt-sensitive-model-of-hypertension
#1
Jeffrey Yim, Hyokeun Cho, Simon W Rabkin
Gene expression and associations were examined in a model of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), a condition with minimal effective treatment. Genes with at least two studies showing significant changes in Dahl rat with heart failure were examined by meta-analysis. Significantly increased in expression were iNOS, p47phox, ADM, ANP, OPN, ACE, MCP-1, GP91PHOX, ICAM-1, TGF-β1, CTGF, ET-1, p22phox, ETB, BNP, ETA, MMP13, Col1a1, MMP2, TIMP1, Col3a1, Il-1β, β-MHC, ECE1, MMP14, AGT, and MMP9...
November 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138023/oleanonic-acid-ameliorates-pressure-overload-induced-cardiac-hypertrophy-in-rats-the-role-of-pkc%C3%AE-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#2
Hui Gao, Hui Liu, Tiexin Tang, Xiaofei Huang, Dongxiu Wang, Yan Li, Pan Huang, Yingfu Peng
It has been reported that inflammation is closely related with cardiac hypertrophy. Some inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β, and interleukin-6 directly induce cardiac hypertrophy, which is associated with the activation of nuclear factorkappa B (NF-κB). Thus, NF-κB is an attractive target for cardiac hypertrophy. In the present study, oleanonic acid inhibited the elevation of transcriptional activity of NF-κB and reduced the mRNA expressions of hypertrophic genes such as atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in a concentration-dependent manner in phenylephrine (PE)-treated cardiomyocytes...
November 11, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101624/genistein-attenuates-pathological-cardiac-hypertrophy-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#3
Y Meng, Y Zhang, Z Ma, H Zhou, J Ni, H Liao, Q Tang
BACKGROUND: We investigated the effects and underlying mechanisms of genistein on pathological cardiac hypertrophy in vivo and in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cardiac hypertrophy model was developed by aortic banding (AB). C57/BL6 mice were randomly assigned to sham + vehicle (CON), sham + genistein (GEN), AB + vehicle (AB), and AB + genistein groups. Genistein (40 mg/kg/day) was administered by gavage for 7 weeks. After assessing the echocardiographic and hemodynamic parameters, mouse hearts were harvested for histopathological and molecular biological analysis...
November 3, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074341/the-clinical-significance-of-endocardial-endothelial-dysfunction
#4
REVIEW
Sonja Smiljic
Endocardial endothelium (EE) is essential in the embryonic development of the heart, the optimal contractility and rhythm as well as the remodeling of the heart. Endocardial endothelium affect the contractility of cardiomyocytes through paracrine signaling substances such as nitric oxide (NO), endothelin (ET-1), prostaglandins (PGI2, PGF2, PGE2) and angiotensin II (ANG II). Typical lesions of endocardial endothelium have been described in atrial fibrillation, ischemia/reperfusion injury, cardiac hypertrophy, heart failure, sepsis, myocardial infarction, inflammation and thrombosis...
September 21, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072679/anp-promotes-proliferation-and-inhibits-apoptosis-of-ovarian-granulosa-cells-by-npra-pgrmc1-egfr-complex-and-improves-ovary-functions-of-pcos-rats
#5
Qin Zheng, Yulin Li, Dandan Zhang, Xinyuan Cui, Kuixing Dai, Yu Yang, Shuai Liu, Jichun Tan, Qiu Yan
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complicated reproductive endocrine disease characterized by polycystic ovaries, hyperandrogenism and anovulation. It is one of the main causes of infertility. RU486 is an antagonist of progesterone receptor, and most commonly used as a contraceptive. However, whether RU486 is correlated with PCOS remains unclear. Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is a small peptide with natriuretic and diuretic functions, and its availability to be used in PCOS treatment is unknown. Here, we showed that the serum ANP level was lower in PCOS patients than that in healthy women, and it was also decreased in the serum and ovarian tissues of RU486-induced PCOS rats compared with the control rats...
October 26, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069359/a-biomarker-based-risk-score-to-predict-death-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-the-abc-age-biomarkers-clinical-history-death-risk-score
#6
Ziad Hijazi, Jonas Oldgren, Johan Lindbäck, John H Alexander, Stuart J Connolly, John W Eikelboom, Michael D Ezekowitz, Claes Held, Elaine M Hylek, Renato D Lopes, Salim Yusuf, Christopher B Granger, Agneta Siegbahn, Lars Wallentin
Aims: In atrial fibrillation (AF), mortality remains high despite effective anticoagulation. A model predicting the risk of death in these patients is currently not available. We developed and validated a risk score for death in anticoagulated patients with AF including both clinical information and biomarkers. Methods and results: The new risk score was developed and internally validated in 14 611 patients with AF randomized to apixaban vs. warfarin for a median of 1...
October 21, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038167/sex-differences-and-similarities-in-atrial-fibrillation-epidemiology-risk-factors-and-mortality-in-community-cohorts-results-from-the-biomarcare-consortium-biomarker-for-cardiovascular-risk-assessment-in-europe
#7
MULTICENTER STUDY
Christina Magnussen, Teemu J Niiranen, Francisco M Ojeda, Francesco Gianfagna, Stefan Blankenberg, Inger Njølstad, Erkki Vartiainen, Susana Sans, Gerard Pasterkamp, Maria Hughes, Simona Costanzo, Maria Benedetta Donati, Pekka Jousilahti, Allan Linneberg, Tarja Palosaari, Giovanni de Gaetano, Martin Bobak, Hester M den Ruijter, Ellisiv Mathiesen, Torben Jørgensen, Stefan Söderberg, Kari Kuulasmaa, Tanja Zeller, Licia Iacoviello, Veikko Salomaa, Renate B Schnabel
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common cardiac disease in aging populations with high comorbidity and mortality. Sex differences in AF epidemiology are insufficiently understood. METHODS: In N=79 793 individuals without AF diagnosis at baseline (median age, 49.6 years; age range, 24.1-97.6 years; 51.7% women) from 4 community-based European studies (FINRISK, DanMONICA, Moli-sani Northern Sweden) of the BiomarCaRE consortium (Biomarker for Cardiovascular Risk Assessment in Europe), we examined AF incidence, its association with mortality, common risk factors, biomarkers, and prevalent cardiovascular disease, and their attributable risk by sex...
October 24, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029451/transcriptome-analysis-reveals-a-role-for-the-endothelial-anp-gc-a-signaling-in-interfering-with-pre-metastatic-niche-formation-by-solid-cancers
#8
Takashi Nojiri, Miki Arai, Yutaka Suzuki, Motofumi Kumazoe, Takeshi Tokudome, Koichi Miura, Jun Hino, Hiroshi Hosoda, Mikiya Miyazato, Meinoshin Okumura, Shinpei Kawaoka, Kenji Kangawa
Cancer establishes a microenvironment called the pre-metastatic niche in distant organs where disseminated cancer cells can efficiently metastasize. Pre-metastatic niche formation requires various genetic factors. Previous studies suggest that inhibiting a single niche-factor is insufficient to completely block pre-metastatic niche formation especially in human patients. Here we show that the atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), an endogenous hormone produced by the heart, inhibits pre-metastatic niche formation and metastasis of murine solid cancer models when pharmacologically supplied in vivo...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901410/depletion-of-ubia-prenyltransferase-domain-containing-1-expression-promotes-angiotensin-ii%C3%A2-induced-hypertrophic-response-in-ac16-human-myocardial-cells-via-modulating-the-expression-levels-of-coenzyme-q10-and-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase
#9
Bingju Yan, Yingxian Sun, Jun Wang
UbiA prenyltransferase domain containing 1 (UBIAD1) is closely associated with cardiovascular diseases. However, at the cellular level, little is known about how UBIAD1 is expressed and functions in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression and role of UBIAD1 in angiotensin II (Ang II)‑induced hypertrophy in AC16 cardiomyoblast cells. The loss‑of‑function approach was used to knock down UBIAD1 in vehicle‑ and Ang II‑stimulated AC16 cells. The levels of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and caspase-3 were measured and compared between vehicle‑ and Ang II‑treated AC16 cells pretreated with control siRNA or siRNA against UBIAD1...
November 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890872/cardiac-troponin-and-outcome-in-decompensated-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#10
Mohammad Thawabi, Amer Hawatmeh, Sarah Studyvin, Habib Habib, Fayez Shamoon, Marc Cohen
BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponin (cTn) has been established as an effective prognostic marker in acute heart failure (HF) with predominantly reduced ejection fraction. However, it's prognostic value in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is unclear. The aim of this study is to describe the prognostic role of troponin I in patients hospitalized for HFpEF decompensation. METHODS: We included 363 consecutive patients admitted for HFpEF decompensation that was not associated with acute coronary syndrome (ACS)...
August 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890369/selenium-incorporated-guar-gum-nanoparticles-safeguards-mitochondrial-bioenergetics-during-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-h9c2-cardiac-cells
#11
R S Soumya, Prathapan Ayyappan, P Salin Raj, V P Vineetha, K G Raghu
The application of nanotechnology has created high impact in diagnosis and prognosis of various disorders including cardiovascular diseases. In the present study, we investigated the beneficial effect of selenium incorporated guar gum nanoparticles (SGG) compared to nascent selenium (Se) and guar gum nanoparticle (GGN) against ischemia-reperfusion induced alterations in oxidative phosphorylation and energy metabolism in H9c2 cardiac cells. Ischemia and reperfusion were induced for 1h. The alterations in activities of various complexes (complex 1, II, III and IV) of mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC), aconitase activity, oxygen consumption rate, and the ATP content were seen...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877880/altered-vasopressin-and-natriuretic-peptide-levels-in-a-rat-model-of-spinal-cord-injury-implications-for-the-development-of-polyuria
#12
Lynnette R Montgomery, Charles H Hubscher
Urinary dysfunction is a common complaint following spinal cord injury (SCI), and is a leading issue for individuals with SCI that impacts their quality of life. One urinary complication that has received little attention is SCI-induced polyuria, even though SCI individuals will significantly restrict their fluid intake to decrease urine production leading to a sequelae of medical complications. Understanding the mechanisms instigating the development of polyuria will allow us to target interventions which may alleviate polyuria symptoms leading to significant improvements in the quality of life and urinary health of SCI individuals...
September 6, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875838/biomarkers-in-atrial-fibrillation-and-heart-failure
#13
Evangelos Oikonomou, Theodoros Zografos, Georgios-Angelos Papamikroulis, Gerasimos Siasos, Georgia Vogiatzi, Panagiotis Theofilis, Alexandros Briasoulis, Spyridon Papaioannou, Manolis Vavuranakis, Vasiliki Gennimata, Dimitris Tousoulis
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice and an important contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although the exact mechanisms behind AF are not completely elucidated, the underlying pathophysiological changes have been well described. Predisposal factors for AF include the older age, the increased left atrial size, the decreased left atrial function, the presence of heart failure and left ventricular systolic dysfunction and the presence of coronary heart disease or pulmonary or mitral valve disease...
August 29, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875323/evodiamine-inhibits-angiotensin-ii-induced-rat-cardiomyocyte-hypertrophy
#14
Na He, Qi-Hai Gong, Feng Zhang, Jing-Yi Zhang, Shu-Xian Lin, Hua-Hua Hou, Qin Wu, An-Sheng Sun
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of evodiamine (Evo), a component of Evodiaminedia rutaecarpa Juss.) Benth, on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy induced by angiotensin II (Ang II) and further explore the potential mechanisms. METHODS: Cardiomyocytes from neonatal Sprague Dawley rats were isolated and characterized, and then the cadiomyocyte cultures were randomly divided into control, model (Ang II 0.1 μmol/L), and Evo (0.03, 0.3, 3 μmol/L) groups. The cardiomyocyte surface area, protein level, intracellular free calcium ([Ca(2+)]i) concentration, activity of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and content of nitric oxide (NO) were measured, respectively...
September 5, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861913/identification-and-functional-analysis-of-corin-variants-in-hypertensive-patients
#15
Yue Zhang, Tiantian Zhou, Yayan Niu, Meiling He, Can Wang, Meng Liu, Junhua Yang, Yonghong Zhang, Jianping Zhou, Koichi Fukuda, Jun Qin, Ningzheng Dong, Qingyu Wu
Corin is a serine protease that activates atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). CORIN gene variants have been reported in patients with hypertension. To date, however, the prevalence of CORIN variants in hypertensive patients remains unknown. To understand the prevalence and functional significance of CORIN variants in hypertension, we sequenced CORIN exons in 300 normal and 401 hypertensive individuals in a Chinese population and identified nine nonsynonymous variants, of which eight were not characterized previously...
August 31, 2017: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806941/androgen-receptor-is-expressed-in-mouse-cardiomyocytes-at-prenatal-and-early-postnatal-developmental-stages
#16
Enrique Pedernera, María José Gómora, Iván Meneses, Marlon De Ita, Carmen Méndez
BACKGROUND: Previous studies show that androgens are involved in hypertrophy and excitability of cardiomyocytes and that their effects are mediated through their receptor. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of androgen receptor (AR) in mouse heart during prenatal and early postnatal stages. RESULTS: The expression of AR and related genes, alpha myosin heavy chain -Myh6-, beta myosin heavy chain -Myh7- and atrial natriuretic factor -Nppa- was simultaneously evaluated by semiquantitative RT-PCR...
August 14, 2017: BMC Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794139/denervated-myocardium-is-preferentially-associated-with-sudden-cardiac-arrest-in-ischemic-cardiomyopathy-a-pilot-competing-risks-analysis-of-cause-specific-mortality
#17
James A Fallavollita, Jonathan D Dare, Randolph L Carter, Sunil Baldwa, John M Canty
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have identified multiple risk factors that are associated with total cardiac mortality. Nevertheless, identifying specific factors that distinguish patients at risk of arrhythmic death versus heart failure could better target patients likely to benefit from implantable cardiac defibrillators, which have no impact on nonsudden cardiac death. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a pilot competing risks analysis of the National Institutes of Health-sponsored PAREPET trial (Prediction of Arrhythmic Events with Positron Emission Tomography)...
August 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794054/cardiovascular-event-prediction-by-machine-learning-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Bharath Ambale-Venkatesh, Xiaoying Yang, Colin O Wu, Kiang Liu, W Gregory Hundley, Robyn McClelland, Antoinette S Gomes, Aaron R Folsom, Steven Shea, Eliseo Guallar, David A Bluemke, João A C Lima
RATIONALE: Machine learning may be useful to characterize cardiovascular risk, predict outcomes, and identify biomarkers in population studies. OBJECTIVE: To test the ability of random survival forests, a machine learning technique, to predict 6 cardiovascular outcomes in comparison to standard cardiovascular risk scores. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included participants from the MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis). Baseline measurements were used to predict cardiovascular outcomes over 12 years of follow-up...
October 13, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789938/azilsartan-ameliorates-diabetic-cardiomyopathy-in-young-db-db-mice-through-the-modulation-of-ace-2-ang-1-7-mas-receptor-cascade
#19
Vijayakumar Sukumaran, Hirotsugu Tsuchimochi, Eisuke Tatsumi, Mikiyasu Shirai, James T Pearson
Hyperglycemia up-regulates intracellular angiotensin II (ANG-II) production in cardiac myocytes. This study investigated the hemodynamic and metabolic effects of azilsartan (AZL) treatment in a mouse model of diabetic cardiomyopathy and whether the cardioprotective effects of AZL are mediated by the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE)-2/ANG 1-7/Mas receptor (R) cascade. Control db/+ and db/db mice (n=5 per group) were treated with vehicle or AZL (1 or 3mg/kg/d oral gavage) from the age of 8 to 16weeks. Echocardiography was then performed and myocardial protein levels of ACE-2, Mas R, AT1R, AT2R, osteopontin, connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and nitrotyrosine were measured by Western blotting...
November 15, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774344/late-outcome-of-surgical-radiofrequency-ablation-for-persistent-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-in-china-a-single-center-study
#20
Hailong Cao, Yunxing Xue, Qing Zhou, Minggang Yu, Chenbin Tang, Dongjin Wang
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) adversely affects surgical outcomes of cardiac valve surgery. Surgical ablation is an effective way to treat valvular AF. The aim of this study was to evaluate the late outcome of surgical radiofrequency ablation and explore the risk factors of AF recurrence in Chinese patients undergoing cardiac valve surgery. METHODS: Three hundred ninety six consecutive patients with persistent valvular AF were enrolled in this study. They underwent concomitant modified Maze IV and were completed follow-ups...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
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