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Cdk4 inhibitor

Antoneicka L Harris, Samantha E Lee, Louis K Dawson, Laura A Marlow, Brandy H Edenfield, William F Durham, Thomas J Flotte, Michael Thompson, Daniel L Small, Aidan J Synnott, Svetomir N Markovic, John A Copland
Patient-derived tumor xenograft (PDTX) mouse models were used to discover new therapies for naïve and drug resistant BRAF V600E -mutant melanoma. Tumor histology, oncogenic protein expression, and antitumor activity were comparable between patient and PDTX-matched models thereby validating PDTXs as predictive preclinical models of therapeutic response in patients. PDTX models responsive and non-responsive to BRAF/MEK standard of care (SOC) therapy were used to identify efficacious combination therapies. One such combination includes a CDK4/6 inhibitor that blocks cell cycle progression...
February 16, 2018: Oncotarget
David A Schaer, Richard P Beckmann, Jack A Dempsey, Lysiane Huber, Amelie Forest, Nelusha Amaladas, Yanxia Li, Ying Cindy Wang, Erik R Rasmussen, Darin Chin, Andrew Capen, Carmine Carpenito, Kirk A Staschke, Linda A Chung, Lacey M Litchfield, Farhana F Merzoug, Xueqian Gong, Philip W Iversen, Sean Buchanan, Alfonso de Dios, Ruslan D Novosiadly, Michael Kalos
Abemaciclib, an inhibitor of cyclin dependent kinases 4 and 6 (CDK4/6), has recently been approved for the treatment of hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. In this study, we use murine syngeneic tumor models and in vitro assays to investigate the impact of abemaciclib on T cells, the tumor immune microenvironment and the ability to combine with anti-PD-L1 blockade. Abemaciclib monotherapy resulted in tumor growth delay that was associated with an increased T cell inflammatory signature in tumors. Combination with anti-PD-L1 therapy led to complete tumor regressions and immunological memory, accompanied by enhanced antigen presentation, a T cell inflamed phenotype, and enhanced cell cycle control...
March 13, 2018: Cell Reports
Helena Yu, Ken Suzawa, Emmet J Jordan, Ahmet Zehir, Andy Ni, Hyunjae Ryan Kim, Mark G Kris, Matthew D Hellmann, Bob T Li, Romel Somwar, David B Solit, Michael F Berger, Maria E Arcila, Gregory J Riely, Marc Ladanyi
PURPOSE: To identify molecular factors that determine duration of response to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors and to identify novel mechanisms of drug resistance, we molecularly profiled EGFR mutant tumors prior to treatment and after progression on EGFR TKI using targeted next-generation sequencing.      Experimental Design: Targeted next-generation sequencing was performed on 374 consecutive patients with metastatic EGFR mutant lung cancer. Clinical data were collected and correlated with somatic mutation data...
March 12, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Elie El Rassy, Ziad Bakouny, Tarek Assi, Joseph Kattan
AIM: To determine which of the CDK4/6 inhibitors is the optimal treatment in metastatic luminal breast cancer. MATERIALS & METHODS: A network meta-analysis using the frequentist approach and generalized pairwise modeling was computed. RESULTS: The associations of aromatase inhibitor with ribociclib, palbociclib and abemaciclib were similar in efficacy. Palbociclib-based regimen was associated with significantly lower treatment discontinuation rates compared with the other approved drugs in this indication...
March 12, 2018: Future Oncology
Wenjie Deng, Yueyuan Wang, Shuo Zhao, Yujie Zhang, Yan Chen, Xuyang Zhao, Lei Liu, Shixiu Sun, Lin Zhang, Bixing Ye, Jun Du
Molecule interacting with CasL 1 (MICAL1) is a multidomain flavoprotein mono-oxygenase that strongly involves in cytoskeleton dynamics and cell oxidoreduction metabolism. Recently, results from our laboratory have shown that MICAL1 modulates reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and the latter then activates phosphatidyl inositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signalling pathway which regulates breast cancer cell invasion. Herein, we performed this study to assess the involvement of MICAL1 in breast cancer cell proliferation and to explore the potential molecular mechanism...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Takeshi Kotake, Masakazu Toi
There have been numerous clinical trials of CDK4/6 inhibitors performed on various carcinomas including breast cancer. One such inhibitor tested and which has ongoing clinical trials for breast cancer is abemaciclib. Abemaciclib is a molecular-targeted agent that targets basic cell cycle regulatory mechanisms. Areas covered: This review discusses the available clinical data and ongoing clinical trials of abemaciclib in breast cancer. Expert opinion: Abemaciclib has demonstrated a clear anti-tumour effect and manageable toxicity against HR-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer in many clinical trials and is expected to be an important standard therapy...
March 9, 2018: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Ae-Rang Hwang, Ju-Ock Nam, Young Jin Kang
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is a novel fibrotic mediator, which is considered to mediate fibrosis through extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis in diabetic cardiovascular complications. Statins have significant immunomodulatory effects and reduce vascular injury. We therefore examined whether fluvastatin has anti-fibrotic effects in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and elucidated its putative transduction signals. We show that advanced glycation end products (AGEs) stimulated CTGF mRNA and protein expression in a time-dependent manner...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
Yongtao Li, Xiaohe Luo, Qingxiang Guo, Yongwei Nie, Tianqi Wang, Chao Zhang, Zhi Huang, Xin Wang, Yanhua Liu, Yanan Chen, Jian-Yu Zheng, Shengyong Yang, Yan Fan, Rong Xiang
A series of novel, highly potent, selective inhibitors targeting both CDK4/9 and HDAC1 have been designed and synthesized. N1-(4-((7-cyclopentyl-6-(dimethylcarbamoyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d] pyrimidin-2-yl) amino) phenyl)-N8-hydroxyoctanediamide (6e) was discovered. The lead compound 6e with excellent CDK4/9 and HDAC1 inhibitory activity of IC50 = 8.8 nM, 12 nM and 2.2 nM respectively, can effectively induce apoptosis of cancer cell lines. The kinase profiling of compound 6e showed excellent selectivity and specificity...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Boris Rodenak-Kladniew, Agustina Castro, Peter Stärkel, Christine De Saeger, Margarita García de Bravo, Rosana Crespo
AIMS: Linalool is a plant-derived monoterpene with anticancer activity, however its mechanisms of action remain poorly understood. The aim of this work was to elucidate the anticancer mechanisms of action of linalool in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) HepG2 cells. MAIN METHODS: Cell viability and proliferation were determined by WST-1 assay and BrdU incorporation, respectively. Cell cycle analysis was assessed through flow cytometry (FC) and western blot (WB). Apoptosis was determined by caspase-3 activity, TUNEL assay and WB...
March 3, 2018: Life Sciences
Songlin Liu, Yunhong Tang, Xianrui Yuan, Dun Yuan, Junyu Liu, Buyan Li, Yifeng Li
Genomic studies have established a set of three core-signaling pathways, receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK), p53 and retinoblastoma (Rb) signaling pathways, contributing glioblastoma (GBM) and revealed that dysregulation of at least two pathways is required for GBM progression. In the present study, we investigate efficacy of combination of palbociclib, cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) inhibitor, and erlotinib, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor in GBM cell systems with different p53 status. Cell proliferation and colony formation assays showed that the combination treatment synergistically suppressed GBM cell proliferation...
March 6, 2018: Investigational New Drugs
Mailin Gan, Jingjing Du, Linyuan Shen, Dongli Yang, Anan Jiang, Qiang Li, Yanzhi Jiang, Guoqing Tang, Mingzhou Li, Jinyong Wang, Xuewei Li, Shunhua Zhang, Li Zhu
The development of skeletal muscle is a complex process involving the proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and changing of muscle fiber types in myoblasts. Many reports have described the involvement of microRNAs in the myogenesis of myoblasts. In this study, we found that the expression of miR-152 was gradually down-regulated during myoblast proliferation, but gradually up-regulated during the differentiation of myoblasts. Transfection with miR-152 mimics restrained cell proliferation and decreased the expression levels of cyclin E, CDK4, and cyclin D1, but promoted myotube formation and significantly increased the mRNA expression levels of MyHC, MyoD, MRF4, and MyoG in C2C12 myoblasts...
March 5, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Silvia Paola Corona, Daniele Generali
Although early breast cancer (BC) is highly curable, advanced or metastatic disease poses numerous challenges in terms of medical management and treatment decisions and is associated with significantly worse prognosis. Among the new targeted agents, anticancer drugs exploiting the cell-cycle machinery have shown great potential in preclinical studies. CDK4/6 inhibitors target the cyclin D/CDK/retinoblastoma signaling pathway, inducing cell-cycle arrest, reduced cell viability and tumor shrinking. As the cyclin D/CDK complex is activated downstream of estrogen signaling, the combination of CDK4/6 inhibitors with standard endocrine therapies represents a rational approach to elicit synergic antitumor activity in hormone receptor-positive BC...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Ben O'Leary, Sarah Hrebien, James P Morden, Matthew Beaney, Charlotte Fribbens, Xin Huang, Yuan Liu, Cynthia Huang Bartlett, Maria Koehler, Massimo Cristofanilli, Isaac Garcia-Murillas, Judith M Bliss, Nicholas C Turner
CDK4/6 inhibition substantially improves progression-free survival (PFS) for women with advanced estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer, although there are no predictive biomarkers. Early changes in circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) level may provide early response prediction, but the impact of tumor heterogeneity is unknown. Here we use plasma samples from patients in the randomized phase III PALOMA-3 study of CDK4/6 inhibitor palbociclib and fulvestrant for women with advanced breast cancer and show that relative change in PIK3CA ctDNA level after 15 days treatment strongly predicts PFS on palbociclib and fulvestrant (hazard ratio 3...
March 1, 2018: Nature Communications
Jessica L F Teh, Phil F Cheng, Timothy J Purwin, Neda Nikbakht, Prem Patel, Inna Chervoneva, Adam Ertel, Paolo M Fortina, Ines Kleiber, Kim HooKim, Michael A Davies, Lawrence N Kwong, Mitch P Levesque, Reinhard Dummer, Andrew E Aplin
Targeting cyclin-dependent kinases 4/6 (CDK4/6) represents a therapeutic option in combination with BRAF inhibitor and/or MEK inhibitor (MEKi) in melanoma; however, continuous dosing elicits toxicities in patients. Using quantitative and temporal in vivo reporting, we show that continuous MEKi with intermittent CDK4/6 inhibitor (CDK4/6i) led to more complete tumor responses versus other combination schedules. Nevertheless, some tumors acquired resistance that was associated with enhanced phosphorylation of ribosomal S6 protein...
March 1, 2018: Cancer Discovery
Sadakatsu Ikeda, Igor F Tsigelny, Åge A Skjevik, Yuko Kono, Michel Mendler, Alexander Kuo, Jason K Sicklick, Gregory Heestand, Kimberly C Banks, AmirAli Talasaz, Richard B Lanman, Scott Lippman, Razelle Kurzrock
BACKGROUND: Because imaging has a high sensitivity to diagnose hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and tissue biopsies carry risks such as bleeding, the latter are often not performed in HCC. Blood-derived circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) analysis can identify somatic alterations, but its utility has not been characterized in HCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 14 patients with advanced HCC (digital ctDNA sequencing [68 genes]). Mutant relative to wild-type allele fraction was calculated...
February 27, 2018: Oncologist
Pranav Gupta, Yun-Kai Zhang, Xiao-Yu Zhang, Yi-Jun Wang, Kimberly W Lu, Timothy Hall, Richard Peng, Dong-Hua Yang, Ni Xie, Zhe-Sheng Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The overexpression of ATP-Binding Cassette (ABC) transporters has known to be one of the major obstacles impeding the success of chemotherapy in drug resistant cancers. In this study, we evaluated voruciclib, a CDK 4/6 inhibitor, for its chemo-sensitizing activity in ABCB1- and ABCG2- overexpressing cells. METHODS: Cytotoxicity and reversal effect of voruciclib was determined by MTT assay. The intracellular accumulation and efflux of ABCB1 and ABCG2 substrates were measured by scintillation counter...
February 19, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Yong-Hao Huang, Jing Lei, Guo-Hui Yi, Feng-Ying Huang, Yue-Nan Li, Cai-Chun Wang, Yan Sun, Hao-Fu Dai, Guang-Hong Tan
OBJECTIVES: Coroglaucigenin (CGN), a natural product isolated from Calotropis gigantean by our research group, has been identified as a potential anti-cancer agent. However, the molecular mechanisms involved remain poorly understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell viability and cell proliferation were detected by MTT and BrdU assays. Flow cytometry, SA-β-gal assay, western blotting and immunofluorescence were performed to determine CGN-induced apoptosis, senescence and autophagy...
February 27, 2018: Cell Proliferation
Doralina do Amaral Rabello, Vivian D'Afonseca da Silva Ferreira, Maria Gabriela Berzoti-Coelho, Sandra Mara Burin, Cíntia Leticia Magro, Maira da Costa Cacemiro, Belinda Pinto Simões, Felipe Saldanha-Araujo, Fabíola Attié de Castro, Fabio Pittella-Silva
Background: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a clonal myeloproliferative neoplasm whose pathogenesis is linked to the Philadelphia chromosome presence that generates the BCR - ABL 1 fusion oncogene. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) such as imatinib mesylate (IM) dramatically improved the treatment efficiency and survival of CML patients by targeting BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase. The disease shows three distinct clinical-laboratory stages: chronic phase, accelerated phase and blast crisis...
2018: Cancer Cell International
Neil O'Brien, Dylan Conklin, Richard Beckmann, Tong Luo, Kevin Chau, Josh Thomas, Ann Mc Nulty, Christophe Marchal, Ondrej Kalous, Erika von Euw, Sara Hurvitz, Colleen Mockbee, Dennis J Slamon
The cyclinD:CDK4/6:Rb axis is dysregulated in a variety of human cancers. Targeting this pathway has proven to be a successful therapeutic approach in ER+ breast cancer. In this study, in vitro and in vivo preclinical breast cancer models were used to investigate the expanded use of the CDK4/6 inhibitor, abemaciclib. Using a panel of 44 breast cancer cell lines, differential sensitivity to abemaciclib was observed and was seen predominately in the luminal ER+/HER2- and ER+/HER2+ subtypes. However, a subset of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) cell lines with intact Rb-signaling were also found to be responsive...
February 26, 2018: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Chrysiis Michaloglou, Claire Crafter, Rasmus Siersbæk, Oona Delpuech, Jon O Curwen, Larissa S Carnevalli, Anna D Staniszewska, Urszula M Polanska, Azadeh Cheraghchi-Bashi, Mandy Lawson, Igor Chernukhin, Robert McEwen, Jason S Carroll, Sabina C Cosulich
The cyclin dependent kinase (CDK) -retinoblastoma (RB) -E2F pathway plays a critical role in the control of cell cycle in estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer. Small molecule inhibitors of CDK4/6 have shown promise in this tumour type in combination with hormonal therapies, reflecting the particular dependence of this subtype of cancer on cyclin D1 and E2F transcription factors. mTOR inhibitors have also shown potential in clinical trials in this disease setting. Recent data has suggested cooperation between the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/mTOR pathway and CDK4/6 inhibition in preventing early adaptation and eliciting growth arrest, but the mechanisms of the interplay between these pathways have not been fully elucidated...
February 26, 2018: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
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