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Patient education materials

Sameer Shaikh, Mohammad Aljanakh, Ibrahim Khalil Al Ibrahim, Mohammad Sohail Memon
Numerous substances may have an adverse influence on the oral region by virtue of their potentially harmful effects. Dental practitioners are often the first to see these effects in the head and neck region. Knowledge of the damaging consequences of agents such as alcohol, tobacco, areca nut, medications, alcohol-containing mouthwashes, dental devices and materials can assist the practitioners in clinical decision-making and accurate diagnosis of associated lesions. More importantly, timely diagnosis and prompt reporting of such harmful effects improve the quality of care...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Rangarirai Matima, Katherine Murphy, Naomi S Levitt, Rhonda BeLue, Tolu Oni
BACKGROUND: Current South African health policy for chronic disease management proposes integration of chronic services for better outcomes for chronic conditions; that is based on the Integrated Chronic Disease Model (ICDM). However, scant data exist on how patients with chronic multimorbidities currently experience the (re)-organisation of health services and what their perceived needs are in order to enhance the management of their conditions. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in a community health centre treating both HIV and diabetes patients in Cape Town...
2018: PloS One
Carl D Stevens
The sudden, dramatic collapse of the seven-year struggle in Congress to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act holds important lessons for all would-be reformers, including those advocating fundamental changes in medical education. In this Invited Commentary, the author draws parallels between reform initiatives in health policy and those in medical education, highlighting that, in both settings, stakeholders rarely support "repeal" in the absence of a superior replacement, even when they view the status quo as deeply flawed...
March 13, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Yuan Cao, Shi-Hua Lin, Ding Zhu, Feng Xu, Zhi-Hua Chen, Hua-Hao Shen, Wen Li
BACKGROUND WeChat is a convenient and popular social medium, and it seems to be an appropriate platform for education and management of patients. This study sought to identify usefulness in clinical control of cough-variant asthma (CVA). MATERIAL AND METHODS A randomized controlled trial was conducted among 80 CVA patients. After being assigned to either the traditional group (TG) or the WeChat group (WG), they received the same inhalation therapy, but patients in WG received additional education and instruction via our public account on the WeChat application...
March 14, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Derek S Tsang, Jennifer M Jones, Osai Samadi, Suhayb Shah, Nicholas Mitsakakis, Charles N Catton, William Jeon, Joshua To, Henriette Breunis, Shabbir M H Alibhai
PURPOSE: To evaluate the ability of a multimodal patient education initiative to improve adherence to healthy bone behaviors (HBBs) in men with prostate cancer receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). METHODS: This was a pilot prospective, single-site, before-and-after clinical trial. The control arm (n = 51) received routine care. The intervention arm (n = 52) received multimodal HBB education which included a healthy bones prescription (BoneRx), focused face-to-face education with an oncology nurse or physician, and customized educational materials...
March 12, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Edlira Lashi, Fatos Lashi, Klotilda Muca, Bora Ballta, Suzana Kazazi
AIM: Identification of glycemic level tendency rates in a hypertonic population that suffers from diabetes mellitus in Health Centre Nr. 1, Tirana, evaluation of self-monitoring and the effects of interactions, with the aim of reducing the levels of fast glycaemia in these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the study participated 810 patients of Health Centre Nr 1 in Tirana that suffer from hypertension and diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2. The study was conducted through 10 months' period...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Aleksandar N Neskovic, Henry Skinner, Susanna Price, Gabriele Via, Stefan De Hert, Ivan Stankovic, Maurizio Galderisi, Erwan Donal, Denisa Muraru, Erik Sloth, Luna Gargani, Nuno Cardim, Alexandros Stefanidis, Matteo Cameli, Gilbert Habib, Bernard Cosyns, Patrizio Lancellotti, Thor Edvardsen, Bogdan A Popescu
There is a growing trend of using ultrasound examination of the heart as a first-line diagnostic tool for initial patient evaluation in acute settings. Focus cardiac ultrasound (FoCUS) is a standardized but restricted cardiac ultrasound examination that may be undertaken by a range of medical professionals with diverse backgrounds. The intention of this core curriculum and syllabus is to define a unifying framework for educational and training processes/programmes that should result in competence in FoCUS for various medical professionals dealing with diagnostics and treatment of cardiovascular emergencies...
February 26, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Jenna Dran
In 2015, Zika virus rapidly emerged as a concern for obstetric patients and health care providers as the disease spread geographically and it was discovered that Zika virus infection had the potential to cause devastating birth defects. Essentially overnight, obstetric care providers were faced with an influx of rapidly evolving information and an increased workload. New systems, workflows, and personnel were needed to effectively address the new patient care needs fueled by the burgeoning Zika virus epidemic...
March 8, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Zheng Zhu, Fengdan Yang, Lin Wang, Rui Zhao
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this evidence implementation project was to integrate the best available evidence on non-pharmacological fever and febrile symptom management into nursing practice at the Shanghai Public Health Clinical Centre, China. INTRODUCTION: Fever is challenging for patients with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Guidelines assert that successful non-pharmacological fever management should be the standard of care. To introduce evidence into clinical practice, the Department of Infectious Disease of the Shanghai Public Health Clinical Centre implemented a best practice project...
March 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
L Underbjerg, T Sikjaer, L Rejnmark
OBJECTIVE: Non-surgical hypoparathyroidism (NS-HypoPT) and pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP) are rare diseases, with a prevalence of 2/100.000 and 1/100.000, respectively. Only few studies on Quality of Life (QoL) among patients with Ns-HypoPT and PHP are available. We aimed to investigate the QoL among patients with Ns-HypoPT and PHP including information about education. DESIGN: A cohort study with patients identified from a previously epidemiological study. PATIENTS: 57 patients with Ns-HypoPT and 30 patients with PHP...
March 9, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
Kang Xu, Xiu Li
BACKGROUND Depression is a major comorbidity in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to explore cytokine levels, and socio-demographic and clinical factors that may affect COPD-related depression.  MATERIAL AND METHODS This prospective study enrolled 53 consecutive COPD patients, without any other lower respiratory tract diseases, psychiatric disorders, family history or cognitive disorders, who were hospitalized in the Department of Respiratory Medicine of Hefei First People's Hospital, China between October 2015 and October 2016...
March 8, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Theodore R Fields, Adena Batterman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Gout management is currently suboptimal despite excellent available therapy. Gout patient education has been shown to enhance medication adherence and self-management, but needs improvement. We explored the literature on gout patient education including gaps in gout patient knowledge; use of written materials; in-person individual and group sessions; education via nurses, pharmacists, or multi-disciplinary groups; and use of phone, web-based, mobile health app, and text messaging educational efforts...
March 8, 2018: Current Rheumatology Reports
Gong-Jun Ji, Panpan Hu, Ting-Ting Liu, Ying Li, Xingui Chen, Chunyan Zhu, Yanghua Tian, Xianwen Chen, Kai Wang
Purpose To quantitatively summarize the functional connectivity (FC) feature of the corticobasal ganglia-thalamocortical (CBTC) network in patients with Parkinson disease (PD) by means of a meta-analysis with cross-validation. Materials and Methods For this prospective study, a systematic literature search in the PubMed and EMBASE databases was performed for resting-state functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging studies of PD published between January 2000 and May 2017. Then, a coordinate-based meta-analysis was conducted by Effect Size-Signed Differential Mapping...
March 7, 2018: Radiology
François-André Allaert, Romain Schueller, Frederic Mabile, Laurette Vincent, Claudia Ferreira
BACKGROUND: ZENEO® (Crossject, Dijon France) is a novel pre-filled, disposable needle-free auto- injector (AI) device under development for drug deliverer in a variety of routine-use or emergency situations. At present, reported user experience and patient preferences are limited. To determine what impact different forms of user instructions may have on successful use of the ZENEO® device. METHODS: We conducted a human factors study on 134 healthy volunteers. On enrolment, subjects were provided with different instructive training material; a device quick guide plus either use of a dummy training device, an illustrated leaflet, or a demonstration video...
March 6, 2018: Panminerva Medica
Maite Cevallos Mijan, Soraya Coelho Leal, Ewald M Bronkhorst, Jo E Frencken
PURPOSE: To determine whether the frequency of microleakage at the margin of the tooth-restoration interface in primary molars restored with high-viscosity glass-ionomer cement (HVGIC) differs from that of primary molars restored with amalgam. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The HVGIC restorations were performed according to the ART method. A total of 19 naturally exfoliated primary molars (10 amalgam and 9 ART/HVGIC) with clinically assessed intact restorations fulfilled the inclusion criteria...
2018: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
Rosy Chhabra, Deena J Chisolm, Barbara Bayldon, Maheen Quadri, Iman Sharif, Jessica J Velazquez, Karen Encalada, Angelic Rivera, Millie Harris, Elana Levites-Agababa, H Shonna Yin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite recommendations supporting human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, pediatric vaccination rates remain suboptimal in the United States; lack of tools to support provider counseling is one barrier. We sought to evaluate HPV-related counseling materials for readability, suitability, and content, and assess parent perceptions of materials, using a health literacy perspective. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted for written materials developed for HPV vaccination counseling by examining state Department of Health Web sites and associated links to local and national organizations...
March 2018: Academic Pediatrics
Jude K A des Bordes, Elsa Gonzalez, Maria A Lopez-Olivo, Maithili Shethia, Pratibha Nayak, Maria E Suarez-Almazor
To explore the information needs of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and their acceptance of online resources and Facebook in particular, as a source of information, interaction, and support among peers. Participants were adults with RA of ≤ 10 years duration, had ongoing or prior treatment with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs or biologic agents, and internet access. We conducted 20 in-depth interviews using semi-structured interview guide to explore: (1) RA information needs, (2) use of self-management health behaviors, (3) use of internet resources for disease management, (4) role of peer support in health self-management, and (5) use of social networking sites (SNS) such as Facebook in disease management...
March 2, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
Danielle B Rice, Mara Cañedo-Ayala, Kimberly A Turner, Stephanie T Gumuchian, Vanessa L Malcarne, Mariët Hagedoorn, Brett D Thombs
OBJECTIVES: The nominal group technique (NGT) allows stakeholders to directly generate items for needs assessment surveys. The objective was to demonstrate the use of NGT discussions to develop survey items on (1) challenges experienced by informal caregivers of people living with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and (2) preferences for support services. DESIGN: Three NGT groups were conducted. In each group, participants generated lists of challenges and preferred formats for support services...
March 2, 2018: BMJ Open
Joe Jabbour, James Wykes, Chris Milross, Puma Sundaresan, Ardalan Ebrahimi, Heather L Shepherd, Haryana M Dhillon, Jonathan R Clark
BACKGROUND: Providing appropriate educational resources to patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) is important but challenging. The aim of this study was to determine Australian clinicians' perceptions of currently used HNC information resources. METHODS: A purpose-designed questionnaire was disseminated electronically to clinician members of the Australian and New Zealand Head and Neck Cancer Society (ANZHNCS) and The Australian Society of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery (ASOHNS)...
March 2, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
Maria Mulka-Gierek, Bartosz Foroncewicz, Leszek Pączek, Elżbieta Wawiórko, Joanna Kamińska, Maciej Kosieradzki, Piotr Małkowski, Bianka Małczuk, Sławomir Nazarewski, Krzysztof Mucha
BACKGROUND Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and analgesics are the most commonly used drugs and are increasingly available over-the-counter (OTC). In certain groups of patients, including kidney transplant recipients, their use may be complicated by adverse effects or drug interactions. The aim of our study was to assess the causes and frequency of OTC NSAIDs or analgesics use, as well as the awareness of related side effects. MATERIAL AND METHODS We enrolled 94 randomly selected kidney transplant recipients, who represented 5% of all kidney transplant recipients at our center...
March 2, 2018: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
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