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M P Deahl
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April 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Laura Jayne Broome, Cristina Izura, Nuria Lorenzo-Dus
Within the literature individuals who use the internet to facilitate the sexual abuse of a minor are generally classified as being fantasy or contact driven. Classification is based upon the intended location for sexual climax: fantasy driven individuals aim to reach sexual climax online, whereas contact driven individuals target minors to achieve physical sex offline. This review systematically investigates whether there is an empirical basis for the distinction between these two proposed discrete types. Comparison of tactics and behaviour are considered to examine whether the contact vs...
March 12, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Natalie O Rosen, Amy Muise, Emily A Impett, Isabelle Delisle, Mary Lou Baxter, Sophie Bergeron
Background: Vulvodynia is an idiopathic vulvovaginal pain condition that has significant sexual and relational consequences. Most women with vulvodynia continue to have intercourse, possibly because of a desire to approach positive outcomes (e.g., intimacy) and avoid negative outcomes (e.g., partner disappointment). Purpose: This study examined daily associations between approach and avoidance sexual goals and women's pain during intercourse and couples' sexual and relational well-being, as well as the mediating role of sexual cues...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Lara Manuela Guedes de Pinho, Anabela Maria de Sousa Pereira, Cláudia Margarida Correia Balula Chaves
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship of sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and satisfaction with social support with the quality of life of schizophrenic patients. METHODOLOGY: This study included a sample of 268 participants. An interview was conducted to obtain sociodemographic and clinical data, supplemented with two assessment tools used to evaluate quality of life (World Health Organization Quality of Life instrument-Abbreviated version - WHOQOL-Bref) and satisfaction with social support (Social Support Satisfaction Scale - SSSS)...
March 8, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Marie-Laure Amram, Pierre-Yves Dietrich, Florence Rochon, Mylène Bolmont, Francesco Bianchi-Demicheli
Cancer itself and its treatments can result in physical and/or psychological adverse events which include disorders of sexual health. Both clinicians and patients are reluctant to talk about sexual issues, body image or intimacy between partners. Barriers from the clinician's perspective include feeling inadequately trained, lack of time or privacy. On the patients' side, embarrassment or belief that their sexual health are an untreatable complication of their disease and its treatment are the main barriers...
March 14, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
Yeong Kyong Oh, Seon Young Hwang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effect of marital intimacy on the impact of uncertainty on the quality of life (QoL) of young breast cancer patients. METHODS: This study used a pathway analysis with 154 young breast cancer cases in their early diagnosis stage at a medical center in Korea. Data were collected from November 2016 to February 2017 and analyzed using correlation analysis and pathway analysis. RESULTS: Uncertainty, marital intimacy, and 4 sub-scales of QoL showed a significant correlation...
February 2018: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Priyanka Amonkar, Madhavi Jogesh Mankar, Pandurang Thatkar, Pradeep Sawardekar, Rajesh Goel, Seema Anjenaya
Background: The traditional concept of family in India to provide support to the elderly is changing soon with disintegration of joint families. In this scenario the concept of old age homes (OAHs) is gaining momentum and the number of people seeking OAH care is rapidly increasing. However, not much is known about the quality of life (QOL) of Indian elderly staying in the OAH setup. Objectives: To assess and compare the Health status, Quality of Life and Depression in elderly people living in OAHs & within family using WHOQOL -OLD questionnaire & Geriatric Depression Scale...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Christian Graugaard, Cecilie Dyg Sperling, Bibi Hølge-Hazelton, Kirsten A Boisen, Gitte Stentebjerg Petersen
OBJECTIVE: The negative impact of malignant disease on sexual and relational functioning is well-documented among adults, but scarcely investigated among adolescents and young adults. This study explored the body image, self-perceived attractiveness and sexual/romantic experiences of Danes diagnosed with cancer at the age of 15-29 years. It also aimed to clarify whether self-perceived needs for counseling were in fact met by health-care providers. METHODS: All Danes who had been diagnosed with cancer at the age of 15-29 years during the period 2009-2013 were included in a cross-sectional nationwide questionnaire study...
March 12, 2018: Psycho-oncology
A Delicate, S Ayers, A Easter, S McMullen
OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to identify the impact of childbirth-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or symptoms (PTSS) on a couple's relationship. BACKGROUND: Childbirth can be psychologically traumatic and can lead to PTSD. There is emerging evidence that experiencing a traumatic birth can affect the quality of the couple's relationship. This is an important issue because poor-quality relationships can impact on the well-being of partners, their parenting and the welfare of the infant...
February 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Neal F Cook, Tanya Mccance, Brendan Mccormack, Owen Barr, Paul Slater
AIM: This paper explores pre-registration nursing students' caring attributes development through a person-centred focused curriculum. BACKGROUND: Developing caring attributes in student nurses to the point of registration has historically been challenging. Globally, curricula have not yet demonstrated the ability to sustain and develop caring attributes in this population, despite its centrality to practice. DESIGN AND METHODS: This longitudinal cohort study tracked how university pre-registration nursing students (N = 212) developed their caring attributes over the three years of their programme using repeated measures at the end of each year with the same cohort...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Koki Ijuin, Ichiro Umata, Tsuneo Kato, Seiichi Yamamoto
In face-to-face communication, eye gaze is known to play various roles such as managing the attention of interlocutors, expressing intimacy, exercising social control, highlighting particular speech content, and coordinating floor apportionment. For second language (L2) communication, one's perception of eye gaze is expected to have more importance than for native language (L1) because eye gaze is assumed to partially compensate for the deficiencies of verbal expressions. This paper examines and clarifies the efficiency of the function of eye gaze in the coordination of floor apportionment through quantitative analyses of eye gaze during three-party conversations in L1 and L2...
2018: Journal of Nonverbal Behavior
Anne Yee, Huai Seng Loh, Chong Guan Ng, Ahmad Hatim Sulaiman
Low sexual desire (SD) is not life threatening, but its negative impact on the quality of life and intimacy of a relationship among the patients on methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) is significant. This cross-sectional study involved 183 men on MMT who were interviewed and who completed the Malay version of the SDI-2 (SDI-2-BM), the Malay version of the self-rated Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS-BM) and World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF Scale (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaires. Findings showed 32...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
Catherine Green
BACKGROUND: Today, when nurses are expected to manage large stores of data while providing precision care to individuals or groups of patients, it seems more important than ever that we understand the nature of nursing. Recently, there has been a renewed interest in examining what nursing is and how a clear understanding would impact nursing practice. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this article is to review an ontological account of nursing that seeks to understand the nature of nursing by showing the relation between the goal and structure of nursing care in association with the persons who are its recipients and practitioners...
March 2018: Nursing Research
Emily L Mroz, Susan Bluck
People's preferences for memorializing loved ones vary and may depend on their personal attitudes and experiences with death. Participants (N = 145) completed the Memorializing Preferences Checklist and measures of personal attitudes and life experiences with death. Factor analysis identified four Memorializing Preferences. In terms of predicting preferences, greater acknowledgement of death, and having experienced more losses, predicted preference for memorializing through Societal Tradition, Community Legacy, and Continuing Intimacy...
February 23, 2018: Death Studies
Eva S Lefkowitz, Rose Wesche, Chelom E Leavitt
Kissing a partner occurs relatively early during adolescence. Thus, young adults who have never kissed are off-time from their peers. Substantial exploration in the areas of identity and intimacy occur during this period, and kissing may fulfill both of these functions, addressing autonomy and relatedness motives for sexual behaviors. We examined the prevalence and personal, contextual, and adjustment/health predictors of delayed onset of kissing. An ethnically and racially diverse sample of traditionally aged first year university students (N = 738; 50...
February 20, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Angela Callear, Shane T Harvey, David Bimler, Nicholas Catto
Callear, Harvey, and Bimler (2016, International Journal of Behavioral Development, 41, 456) organized children's emotion regulation behaviours into a coherent structure. However, further investigation is needed to identify core patterns of these emotion regulation behaviours. To identify clusters and prototypal constellations of emotion regulation behaviours, the 85 behavioural items comprising the Children's Emotion Regulation Inventory (ChERI) were ranked by 151 parents in order of applicability, using an ordinal sorting procedure (Method of Successive Sorts)...
February 20, 2018: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
Shizuka Mizumachi, Taiki Aritomi, Kuniaki Sasaki, Kazuei Matsubara, Yuji Hirao
Macromolecular crowded culture medium formed by addition of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP; molecular weight = 360 000), positively influences the viability, growth, and development of bovine oocytes. Owing to its apparently various effects, uncovering the specific mechanisms of crowding responsible for these outcomes is important. The present study was conducted to determine the effects of crowding on oocytes with a particular focus on the intimacy of contacts between oocyte and cumulus/granulosa cells. Growing mouse oocyte-granulosa cell complexes were cultured for 10 days in a modified α-minimum essential medium, supplemented with PVP at a concentration of 0%, 1%, 2%, or 3% (w/v)...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Reproduction and Development
Hilde Lindemann
Daniel Brudney's clear-headed analysis, in this issue of the Hastings Center Report, of the difference between a patient's and a surrogate's right to make medical treatment decisions contributes to a longstanding conversation in bioethics. Brudney offers an epistemological and a moral argument for the patient's and the surrogate's right to decide. The epistemological argument is the same for both parties: the (competent) patient has a right to decide because she is presumed to know her own interests better than anyone else, and the surrogate is entitled to make decisions because she knows the patient better than anyone else...
January 2018: Hastings Center Report
Om Salimeh Roudi Rasht Abadi, Mohammad Ali Cheraghi, Batool Tirgari, Nahid Dehaghan Nayeri, Masoud Rayyani
Sexual relationship after surgical menopause matters when talking about sex is taboo and marriage is the only justified way to meet sexual needs. In this qualitative research approach 22 surgical menopausal women shared their experiences of sexual/ marital relationship after surgery through in-depth, face-to-face and semi-structured interviews. Qualitative content analysis technique was used for data analysis. An overarching theme entitled "feeling an invisible wall" reflected this experience. It comprised of three categories: 1) Declined marital intimacy, 2) Disarming, and 3) Transformation of social norms into concerns...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
Brittany E Blanchard, Angela K Stevens, Ileana S Acosta, Amelia E Talley, Jennifer L Brown, Andrew K Littlefield
PURPOSE: Although previous studies have elucidated associations between motivations for drinking and sex as they relate to risky health outcomes among female college students, the utility of cross-domain motives (i.e., alcohol motives predicting sex-related outcomes and vice versa) in the prediction of specific alcohol- and sex-related behaviors has yet to be examined. The current study examined relations between drinking and sex motives with multiple risky alcohol- and sex-related outcomes (i...
February 6, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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