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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526822/shortest-paths-in-multiplex-networks
#1
Saeed Ghariblou, Mostafa Salehi, Matteo Magnani, Mahdi Jalili
The shortest path problem is one of the most fundamental networks optimization problems. Nowadays, individuals interact in extraordinarily numerous ways through their offline and online life (e.g., co-authorship, co-workership, or retweet relation in Twitter). These interactions have two key features. First, they have a heterogeneous nature, and second, they have different strengths that are weighted based on their degree of intimacy, trustworthiness, service exchange or influence among individuals. These networks are known as multiplex networks...
May 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520727/predictors-of-decision-ambivalence-and-the-differences-between-actual-living-liver-donors-and-potential-living-liver-donors
#2
Li-Chueh Weng, Hsiu-Li Huang, Hsiu-Hsin Tsai, Wei-Chen Lee
BACKGROUND: The decision to become a living liver donor is a stressful event. Ambivalence in decision making may result in psychological distress. Thus, the purpose of this study was to provide a description of the ambivalence of potential living liver donors, to examine the predictors of ambivalence, and to compare the ambivalence of potential living liver donors with that of actual living liver donors. METHODS: This descriptive and correlational study was conducted in a medical center from August 2013 to December 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511030/emotional-approach-coping-and-depressive-symptoms-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-the-role-of-the-intimate-relationship
#3
Jennifer Barsky Reese, Stephen J Lepore, Elizabeth Handorf, Jennifer A Haythornthwaite
This study examined whether emotional approach coping was associated with lower depressive symptoms, and whether intimacy moderated this association, in 121 married/partnered colorectal cancer outpatients. Prospective analyses of survey data on emotional approach coping, depressive symptoms, and intimacy measured at baseline and 6-month follow-up showed that depressive symptoms were inversely related to processing, expression, and intimacy. At baseline, the association between processing and depressive symptoms was moderated by intimacy: greater processing was associated with lower depressive symptoms only for those in relatively high intimacy relationships...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505054/the-experience-of-living-with-an-ileoanal-pouch-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#4
Jacqueline Sammut, Rita Borg Xuereb, Josianne Scerri
The purpose of this study was to explore the lived experiences of individuals living with an ileoanal pouch. A qualitative, phenomenological methodology was used to elicit detailed accounts of the impact of living with an ileoanal pouch. Ten individuals having an ileoanal pouch, formed as a consequence of ulcerative colitis, participated in the study. Semistructured interviews were conducted and analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. The following 4 themes emerged from the analysis: "a flood of emotions"; "changed body image"; "changes in lifestyle"; and "intimacy and sexual relationships...
May 12, 2017: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504519/longitudinal-associations-between-adult-children-s-relations-with-parents-and-intimate-partners
#5
Matthew D Johnson, Adam M Galovan, Rebecca M Horne, Joohong Min, Sabine Walper
Drawing on 5 waves of multiple-informant data gathered from focal participants and their parents and intimate partners (n = 360 families) who completed annual surveys in the German Family Panel (pairfam) study, the present investigation examined bidirectional associations between the development of adults' conflictual and intimate interactions with their parents and intimate partners. Autoregressive cross-lagged latent change score modeling results revealed a robust pattern of coordinated development between parent-adult child and couple conflictual and intimate interactions: increases in conflict and intimacy in one relationship were contemporaneously intertwined with changes in the other relationship...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498174/adult-women-s-experiences-of-urinary-incontinence-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#6
Adilson Mendes, Luiza Hoga, Bruna Gonçalves, Pâmela Silva, Priscilla Pereira
BACKGROUND: Women are affected dramatically by urinary incontinence (UI). This disease is currently considered as epidemic. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to identify, through the best available evidence, how women experience UI worldwide. INCLUSION CRITERIA TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS: The current review included studies of adult women who had experienced UI. PHENOMENA OF INTEREST: Women with UI from various social and cultural settings were included in this review...
May 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498039/seduction-and-the-self-movements-through-precarity-race-and-sexuality-in-japanese-host-clubs
#7
Pardis Mahdavi
In this article, I build on the notion of precarity to argue that Japanese host clubs are sites in which a particular kind of intimacy and sense of 'belonging' are produced. The analysis highlights host clubs as necessary spaces among many in the precarious economy and as important venues for the production of subjectivity for the male hosts (both migrant and Japanese) as well as for the migrant women who frequent these establishments. In particular, host clubs provide a lucrative employment opportunity for young men - particularly young men who are migrants from the rural parts of Japan or the Philippines (and often Japanese-Filipino young men) who are trying to make a living in the context of what has been characterised as 'precarious Japan'...
May 12, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479131/experiences-of-sexuality-six-years-after-stroke-a-qualitative-study
#8
Marie I Nilsson, Kerstin Fugl-Meyer, Lena von Koch, Charlotte Ytterberg
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the long-term consequences of stroke on sexuality, and studies on how individuals with stroke communicate with health care professionals about information and/or interventions on sexuality are even sparser. AIM: To explore experiences of sexuality 6 years after stroke, including communication with health care professionals concerning sexuality. METHODS: This qualitative study was based on data collected by semistructured interviews with 12 informants 43 to 81 years old 6 years after stroke...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478851/-having-cancer-was-awful-but-also-something-good-came-out-post-traumatic-growth-among-adult-survivors-of-pediatric-and-adolescent-cancer
#9
Eduardo R Zamora, Jaehee Yi, Jesmin Akter, Jonghee Kim, Echo L Warner, Anne C Kirchhoff
PURPOSE: The cancer experience may cultivate positive psychological changes that can help reduce distress during adult survivors of childhood and adolescent cancer life course. The aim of this study is to examine the positive impact of cancer in adult survivors utilizing posttraumatic growth as a guiding framework. METHOD: Participants were identified and recruited through the Utah Cancer Registry. Eligible cases were diagnosed with cancer age ≤20 years from 1973 to 2009, born in Utah, and were age ≥18 at study...
June 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470161/-evolutionary-concept-analysis-of-spirituality
#10
Il Sun Ko, So Young Choi, Jin Sook Kim
PURPOSE: This study was done to clarify attributes, antecedents, and consequences of spirituality. METHODS: Rodgers's evolutionary concept analysis was used to analyze fifty seven studies from the literature related to spirituality as it appears in systematic literature reviews of theology, medicine, counseling & psychology, social welfare, and nursing. RESULTS: Spirituality was found to consist of two dimensions and eight attributes: 1) vertical dimension: 'intimacy and connectedness with God' and 'holy life and belief', 2) horizontal dimension: 'self-transcendence', 'meaning and purpose in life', 'self-integration', and 'self-creativity' in relationship with self, 'connectedness' and 'trust' in relationship with others·neighbors·nature...
April 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469289/self-disclosure-on-sns-do-disclosure-intimacy-and-narrativity-influence-interpersonal-closeness-and-social-attraction
#11
Ruoyun Lin, Sonja Utz
On social media, users can easily share their feelings, thoughts, and experiences with the public, including people who they have no previous interaction with. Such information, though often embedded in a stream of others' news, may influence recipients' perception toward the discloser. We used a special design that enables a quasi-experience of SNS browsing, and examined if browsing other's posts in a news stream can create a feeling of familiarity and (even) closeness toward the discloser. In addition, disclosure messages can vary in the degree of intimacy (from superficial to intimate) and narrativity (from a random blather to a story-like narrative)...
May 2017: Computers in Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464978/romantic-relationship-quality-in-the-digital-age-a-study-with-young-adults
#12
Virginia Sánchez, Noelia Muñoz-Fernández, Rosario Ortega-Ruiz
Recent studies suggest that the online and offline behaviors young people display in romantic relationships are closely related. However, the differential effects of the dimensions of couple quality in the online context have not yet been explored in depth. The aim of this study was to explore online couple quality in young-adult relationships, and its association with romantic relationship satisfaction, also looking at effects of gender, age, and length of the relationship. 431 university students currently in a romantic relationship (68...
May 3, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458476/quality-of-life-among-menopausal-women-a-community-based-study-in-a-rural-area-of-west-bengal
#13
Nabarun Karmakar, Somak Majumdar, Aparajita Dasgupta, Sulagna Das
INTRODUCTION: During menopausal transition, there is a lot of fluctuation in the hormone levels making the peri and postmenopausal women susceptible to various mental and physical disorders. There is considerably lack of awareness about the effects of the menopausal symptoms in women in India. Studies on issues relating to menopause, especially among rural women, are also lacking. With this background, the current study was carried out in a rural area of West Bengal with the objective to assess the quality of life (QOL) of peri-menopausal women...
January 2017: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453526/with-whom-do-you-feel-most-intimate-exploring-the-quality-of-facebook-friendships-in-relation-to-similarities-and-interaction-behaviors
#14
Jieun Wee, Joonhwan Lee
It is widely accepted that people tend to associate more and feel closer to those who share similar attributes with themselves. Most of the research on the phenomenon has been carried out in face-to-face contexts. However, it is necessary to study the phenomenon in computer-mediated contexts as well. Exploring Facebook is important in that friendships within the network indicate a broader spectrum of friends, ranging from complete strangers to confiding relations. Also, since diverse communication methods are available on Facebook, which method a user adopts to interact with a "friend" could influence the quality of the relationship, i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453308/genitourinary-syndrome-of-menopause-in-five-asian-countries-results-from-the-pan-asian-revive-survey
#15
Y Chua, K K Limpaphayom, B Cheng, C M Ho, K Sumapradja, C Altomare, K Huang
OBJECTIVES: The Pan-Asian REVIVE survey aimed to examine women's experiences with genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) and their interactions with health-care professionals (HCPs). METHODS: Self-completed surveys were administered face-to-face to 5992 women (aged 45-75 years) in Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan, and Thailand. RESULTS: Of 638 postmenopausal women with GSM symptoms, only 35% were aware of the GSM condition, most of whom first heard of GSM through their physician (32%)...
April 28, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444531/multifaceted-sexual-desire-and-hormonal-associations-accounting-for-social-location-relationship-status-and-desire-target
#16
Sara B Chadwick, Shannon M Burke, Katherine L Goldey, Sari M van Anders
Sexual desire is typically measured as a unitary erotic phenomenon and is often assumed by biological and biomedical researchers, as well as the lay public, to be directly connected to physiological parameters like testosterone (T). In the present study, we empirically examined how conceptualizing sexual desire as multifaceted might clarify associations with T and contextual variables. To do so, we used the Sexual Desire Questionnaire (DESQ), which assesses multifaceted dyadic sexual desire, to explore how contextual variables such as social location, relationship status, and desire target (e...
April 25, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444530/-that-s-kind-of-one-of-our-jobs-sexual-activity-as-a-form-of-care-work-among-women-with-sexual-difficulties
#17
Amy Braksmajer
Willing engagement in unwanted or undesired sexual activity, often associated with fulfilling a partner's needs or sustaining intimate relationships, is common. Acquiescence with undesired sexual activity can be conceptualized as sexual care work, that is, domestic "labor" that women undertake with the goal of caring for their partners' well-being. Drawing on interviews with 53 women with dyspareunia (pain experienced during intercourse) and low desire, the aim of this study was to examine how women with sexual difficulties engage in sexual care work, the implications of the inability to perform such work for gender identity, and the ways in which sexual care work may blur the lines between women's perceptions of coercion and consent...
April 25, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444327/reviving-a-positive-discourse-on-sexuality-within-social-work
#18
S J Dodd, Deborah Tolman
Sexuality is not an invisible dimension within social work. Social workers are constantly engaged with aspects of sexuality across virtually all practice domains. Indeed, some of the most fundamental and frequent concerns of social workers involve sexual abuse, sexual violence, and HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. However, conversations about healthy sexuality, positive sexuality, or sexual well-being that are well ensconced in many disciplines are all but absent from current social work literature, education, and practice...
April 24, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432128/do-the-microbiota-influence-vaccines-and-protective-immunity-to-pathogens-issues-of-sovereignty-federalism-and-points-testing-in-the-prokaryotic-and-eukaryotic-spaces-of-the-host-microbial-superorganism
#19
Andrew J Macpherson
In contrast to live attenuated vaccines, which are designed to induce immunity through a time-limited bloom in systemic tissues, the microbiota is a persistent feature of body surfaces, especially the intestine. The immune responses to the microbiota are idiosyncratic depending on the niche intimacy of different taxa and generally adapt the host to avoid overgrowth and maintain mutualism rather than to eliminate the organisms of that taxon. Both the microbiota and the host have so much molecular cross talk controlling each other, that the prokaryotic and the eukaryotic spaces of the host-microbial superorganism are federal rather than sovereign...
April 21, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429996/are-athletes-doping-related-attitudes-predicted-by-their-perceptions-of-coaches-confrontation-efficacy
#20
Philip Sullivan, Parmida Razavi
BACKGROUND: The coaching process is complex and dynamic. Coaches are known to affect athlete attitudes indirectly, through athletes' perceptions and interpretations. This process has been verified with a variety of ethical behaviors. OBJECTIVES: The current study investigated the relationships between athletes' perceived doping confrontation efficacy of their coaches and athlete's anti-doping attitudes. METHODS: A sample of athletes (N = 96) completed a version of the Doping Confrontation Efficacy Scale that was modified to assess their perception of their coaches' anti-doping confrontation efficacy, and the PEAS (Performance Enhancing Attitude Scale), which assessed their performance-enhancing attitudes...
April 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
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