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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909988/predicting-the-abuse-liability-of-entactogen-class-new-and-emerging-psychoactive-substances-via-preclinical-models-of-drug-self-administration
#1
Shawn M Aarde, Michael A Taffe
Animal models of drug self-administration are currently the gold standard for making predictions regarding the relative likelihood that a recreational drug substance will lead to continued use and addiction. Such models have been found to have high predictive accuracy and discriminative validity for a number of drug classes including ethanol, nicotine, opioids, and psychostimulants such as cocaine and methamphetamine. Members of the entactogen class of psychostimulants (drugs that produce an "open mind state" including feelings of interpersonal closeness, intimacy and empathy) have been less frequently studied in self-administration models...
December 2, 2016: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909070/informal-caregiving-and-intimate-relationships-the-experiences-of-spouses-of-uk-military-personnel
#2
Gursimran Thandi, S Oram, A Verey, N Greenberg, N T Fear
AIM: Currently, there is no research available on the experiences of spouses providing informal care to wounded, injured or sick (WIS) UK military personnel. The aim of this study was to fill this gap by investigating the relationship experiences of non-military partners caring for WIS UK military personnel. METHODS: Spouses of WIS military personnel (n=25) completed telephone interviews with the research team. The data were transcribed and analysed using thematic analysis...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901440/does-lack-of-genetic-relative-family-health-history-represent-a-potentially-avoidable-health-disparity-for-adoptees
#3
Thomas May, Kimberly A Strong, Kaija L Zusevics, Jessica Jeruzal, Michael H Farrell, Alison LaPean Kirschner, Arthur R Derse, James P Evans, Harold D Grotevant
Many adoptees face a number of challenges relating to separation from biological parents during the adoption process, including issues concerning identity, intimacy, attachment, and trust, as well as (for older adopted children) language and other cultural challenges. One common health challenge faced by adoptees involves lack of access to genetic-relative family health history (GRFHx). Lack of GRFHx represents a disadvantage due to a reduced capacity to identify diseases and recommend appropriate screening for conditions for which the adopted person may be at increased risk...
December 2016: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892795/using-emotionally-focused-therapy-to-treat-sexual-desire-discrepancy-in-couples
#4
Abby Girard, Scott R Woolley
Couples in committed relationships encounter a multitude of issues. According to Metz and McCarthy (2010), when couples report high sexual satisfaction, it accounts for 15-20% of their overall relationship satisfaction. However, when couples report low sexual satisfaction, it contributes 50-70% of their overall satisfaction with their partner. Issues of sexual desire, currently referred to as sexual desire discrepancy, are among the most difficult to treat. Although there are many factors contributing to the issue of sexual desire discrepancy, current literature highlights the importance of emotional intimacy as an outcome and predictor of increased sexual desire...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888382/-say-your-favorite-poet-in-the-world-is-lying-there-eileen-myles-james-schuyler-and-the-queer-intimacies-of-care
#5
Libbie Rifkin
This article closely reads "Chelsea Girls," an autobiographical short story by Eileen Myles that depicts her experience caring for the diabetic, bipolar poet James Schuyler when she was a young writer getting started in East Village in the late 1970s. Their dependency relationship is a form of queer kinship, an early version of the caring relations between lesbians and gay men that HIV/AIDS would demand over the next two decades as chosen families emerged to nurture gay men and lesbians rejected by their families of origin...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886727/you-can-t-always-get-what-you-want-network-determinants-of-relationship-inactualization-in-adolescence
#6
Rachel L Behler
Despite widespread interest in the link between social and sexual networks, little research has focused on how social networks influence the progression of intimate relationships (e.g., from holding hands to sexual intercourse). I argue that social networks not only affect individuals' opportunities to meet romantic partners, but also shape the ideal and actual progressions of intimate acts within their relationships. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), I conduct an optimal matching analysis of adolescents' purported ideal versus actual relationship sequences, which are comprised of romantic and sexual events...
January 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875829/sexual-health-risk-and-prevention
#7
Teri Aronowitz
Sexuality is an important aspect of health across the lifespan and includes sex, gender identities, sexual orientation, intimacy, pleasure, reproduction, and free from coercion and discrimination. In 2010, individuals 50 years and older living with HIV in the US made up 8.5 per 100,000 persons affected by the virus, with African Americans accounting for 46% of seroconversion in the same year, which was 10.7 times greater than Whites. African American women are particularly at-risk. Although there are many promising HIV prevention interventions to date, there are few that focus specifically on older adults...
2017: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873536/discomfort-and-avoidance-of-touch-new-insights-on-the-emotional-deficits-of-social-anxiety
#8
Todd B Kashdan, James Doorley, Melissa C Stiksma, Matthew J Hertenstein
Physical touch is central to the emotional intimacy that separates romantic relationships from other social contexts. In this study of 256 adults (128 heterosexual couples, mean relationship length = 20.5 months), we examined whether individual differences in social anxiety influenced comfort with and avoidance of physical touch. Because of prior work on sex difference in touch use, touch comfort, and social anxiety symptoms and impairment, we explored sex-specific findings. We found evidence that women with greater social anxiety were less comfortable with touch and more avoidant of touch in same-sex friendships...
November 22, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872026/male-and-female-sexual-dysfunction-in-a-rapidly-changing-cultural-environment-addressing-gender-equality-versus-equivalence-in-the-bedroom
#9
REVIEW
Marianne Brandon, Abraham Morgentaler
INTRODUCTION: The socio-sexual climate in Western cultures is changing at an astounding rate. Never before have societal expectations about gender roles shifted so radically, transforming our understanding of what it means to be a sexual man or woman today. We have observed that confusion regarding masculine and feminine roles within long-term committed relationships can represent challenges for the treatment of sexual dysfunction. Despite the relevance to sexual medicine, sexual medicine specialists have largely avoided this controversial topic...
April 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868156/vaginal-and-sexual-health-treatment-strategies-within-a-female-sexual-medicine-program-for-cancer-patients-and-survivors
#10
Jeanne Carter, Cara Stabile, Barbara Seidel, Raymond E Baser, Shari Goldfarb, Deborah J Goldfrank
PURPOSE: We sought to evaluate patient adherence and response to simple vaginal and sexual health treatment strategies in female cancer patients receiving treatment at a female sexual medicine and health program and identify improvements of physical symptoms, per patient and clinical evaluation. METHODS: Evaluability criteria included gynecologic exam at initial visit, at least one follow-up with gynecologic exam within 8 months of initial visit, and all consecutive follow-ups <6 months apart...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864498/exploring-female-sexuality-embracing-the-whole-narrative
#11
Tanya M Bass
Sexuality is inseparable from sexual health and can refer to sex, gender identities, orientation, pleasure, intimacy, expression, and reproduction. While each element of human sexuality is important, all of these components interconnect to make us complete sexual beings. Educators and other human service providers thus require professional preparation to ensure they can meet the needs of their learners, effectively manage programming, and successfully implement strategies that allow individuals to embrace or manage their sexual existence...
November 2016: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854439/from-early-family-systems-to-internalizing-symptoms-the-role-of-emotion-regulation-and-peer-relations
#12
Jallu Lindblom, Mervi Vänskä, Marjo Flykt, Asko Tolvanen, Aila Tiitinen, Maija Tulppala, Raija-Leena Punamäki
Research has demonstrated the importance of early family characteristics, such as the quality of caregiving, on children's later mental health. Information is, however, needed about the role of more holistic family systems and specific child-related socioemotional mechanisms. In this study, we conceptualize families as dynamic family system types, consisting of both marital and parenting trajectories over the transition to parenthood. First, we examine how early family system types predict children's anxiety, depression, peer exclusion, and emotion regulation...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846103/a-study-of-interpersonal-intimacy-and-meaning-of-life-among-elderly-institutionalized-veterans
#13
Chen-Chun Niu, Hui-Man Huang, Yun-Ying Hung, Hsiu-Li Lee
BACKGROUND: Most senior veterans who live in veterans' homes in Taiwan are single and have few intimate, interpersonal relationships. Aging is often accompanied by solitude and illness, which causes senior veterans to doubt the meaning of life and to lose confidence in the value of life. PURPOSE: This study investigated the personal characteristics that influence interpersonal intimacy and the meaning of life as well as the relationship between interpersonal intimacy and the meaning of life among senior veterans living in veterans' homes...
December 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845529/assessing-dsm-5-oriented-level-of-personality-functioning-development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-semi-structured-interview-for-personality-functioning-dsm-5-stip-5-1
#14
Joost Hutsebaut, Jan H Kamphuis, Dine J Feenstra, Laura C Weekers, Hilde De Saeger
The alternative model for personality disorders (AMPD) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) features a Level of Personality Functioning Scale, measuring intrinsic personality processes that include identity, self-direction, empathy, and intimacy. This study describes the development and psychometric evaluation of a semistructured interview schedule for the multi-item assessment of the level of personality functioning, the Semi-Structured Interview for Personality Functioning DSM-5 (STiP-5...
June 16, 2016: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844315/the-influence-of-power-and-intimacy-sexual-motives-on-sexual-position-preference-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#15
Yin Xu, Yong Zheng
We examined the sexual motives underlying sexual self-labels among Chinese men who have sex with men. A total of 60 bottoms, 120 versatiles, and 48 tops participated in a Web-based survey. Our results showed that tops were more likely to desire exerting power over their partners during sex, while bottoms were more likely to desire being overpowered by their partners. There were no significant sexual self-label differences in the sexual motives of wanting intimacy and the desire for pleasure. The intimacy and power ratings differed across sexual activities and sex positions...
November 14, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844314/spousal-religiosity-religious-bonding-and-pornography-consumption
#16
Samuel L Perry
Religiosity and pornography use are often closely connected. Relatively few studies, however, have examined how this religion-pornography connection plays out within the context of committed romantic relationships. Moreover, virtually all studies of religion and pornography use conceptualize religiosity as a quality intrinsic to the person that typically reduces pornography viewing. Focusing on married Americans, this study shifted the focus to consider whether the religiosity of one's spouse relates to one's own pornography viewing and under what circumstances...
November 14, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794098/examining-the-effects-of-childhood-cancer-on-the-parental-subsystem-implications-for-parents-and-health-care-professionals-part-3
#17
Nancy J Moules, Andrew Estefan, Graham McCaffrey, Dianne M Tapp, Douglas Strother
This article is the third part of a hermeneutic research study examining the impact of childhood cancer experiences on the parental relationship. In Part 1, we offered an exploration of the phenomenon with background literature; a description of the research question, method, and design; and finally a discussion of relationships that survived, thrived, or demised, with an emphasis on the notions of difference and trading. In Part 2, we furthered the interpretations to look at the complexities of issues such as teams, roles, focus, protection, intimacy, grieving, putting relationships on hold, and reclaiming them...
November 2016: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794097/taking-one-for-the-team-examining-the-effects-of-childhood-cancer-on-the-parental-subsystem-part-2
#18
Nancy J Moules, Andrew Estefan, Graham McCaffrey, Dianne M Tapp, Douglas Strother
In this Part 2 of a three-part research paper, we further our interpretations from our hermeneutic study examining how having a child who has experienced cancer had an impact on the relationship between the parents. In Part 1, we identified the focus of the study and provided background to the topic. We also described the research question, method, and design before offering an interpretive analysis of couples whose relationships survived, thrived, or demised. In this article, we extend the interpretations under an overarching theme of "taking one for the team...
November 2016: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792895/a-case-report-of-a-complete-degloving-injury-of-the-penile-skin
#19
Helena Aineskog, Fredrik Huss
INTRODUCTION: Male genital degloving injuries are unusual and rarely caused by animal bite. Usually patients attend health care immediately if bitten in the genital area. Prophylactic antibiotics is routinely used (Gomes et al., 2000). A penile degloving usually begins just proximal of the coronal line and progress down to the base of the shaft. Deep erectile tissue and the spermatic cord are seldom damaged and the endogenous skin of glans usually survives (Brown and Fryer, 1957; Morey et al...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792428/long-term-effects-on-adult-attachment-in-german-occupation-children-born-after-world-war-ii-in-comparison-with-a-birth-cohort-matched-representative-sample-of-the-german-general-population
#20
Marie Kaiser, Philipp Kuwert, Elmar Braehler, Heide Glaesmer
BACKGROUND: Children born of war are a phenomenon of every conflict. At the end of World War II and thereafter, approximately 400,000 children were fathered by foreign soldiers and born to local women in Germany. Quantitative research on psychosocial consequences of growing up as German occupation child (GOC) has been missing so far. METHODS: This study examines adult attachment and its association with current depression in GOC (N = 146) using self-report instruments: Adult Attachment Scale, Patient Health Questionnaire...
October 28, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
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