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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926742/an-interpersonal-perspective-on-criterion-a-of-the-dsm-5-alternative-model-for-personality-disorders
#1
REVIEW
Aaron L Pincus
This paper links Criterion A of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5th Edition Alternative Model for Personality Disorders with the contemporary interpersonal model of personality pathology. Advances in interpersonal theory and assessment are outlined to demonstrate that Criterion A's self (identity, self-direction) and interpersonal (empathy, intimacy) impairments are related to the interpersonal meta-constructs and agency and communion and are operationalized by perceptual, behavioral, and affective mechanisms of the interpersonal situation framework...
September 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923310/factors-associated-with-specific-diagnostic-and-statistical-manual-of-mental-disorders-fourth-edition-sexual-dysfunctions-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-study-of-patients-and-their-partners
#2
Susanna B Hummel, Daniela E E Hahn, Jacques J D M van Lankveld, Hester S A Oldenburg, Eva Broomans, Neil K Aaronson
BACKGROUND: Many women develop sexual problems after breast cancer (BC) treatment. Little is known about BC survivors with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) sexual dysfunction and their partners, and the factors associated with their sexual functioning. AIM: To evaluate (i) patient-related and clinical factors associated with (a) specific DSM-IV sexual dysfunctions and (b) level of sexual functioning and sexual distress as reported by BC survivors and (ii) the association between the sexual functioning of BC survivors and that of their partners...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923193/couples-experiences-with-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-treatment-a-dyadic-perspective
#3
Lichuan Ye, Mary T Antonelli, Danny G Willis, Karen Kayser, Atul Malhotra, Sanjay R Patel
OBJECTIVE: The majority of adults sleep with a partner, making sleep a dyadic experience. However, interventions to improve sleep have primarily focused on individuals. This qualitative analysis used a dyadic approach to identify facilitators and barriers to successful treatment of one of the most common sleep disorders, obstructive sleep apnea, with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). METHODS: Twenty joint qualitative interviews were conducted with couples, one couple at a time, with a sample of 20 patients with obstructive sleep apnea and their partners to develop an understanding of couples' experiences with CPAP use...
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916957/perspectives-of-women-considering-bilateral-prophylactic-mastectomy-and-their-peers-towards-a-telephone-based-peer-support-intervention
#4
D St-Pierre, K Bouchard, L Gauthier, J Chiquette, Michel Dorval
Prophylactic mastectomy is an effective strategy to reduce the risk of breast cancer for women carrying a BRCA1/2 germline mutation. This decision is complex and may raise various concerns. Women considering this surgery have reported their desire to discuss the implications of this procedure with women who have undergone prophylactic mastectomy. We conducted a qualitative study to describe the topics covered during a telephone-based peer support intervention between women considering prophylactic mastectomy (recipients) and women who had undergone this surgery (peers), and to explore their perspectives regarding the intervention...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888281/intergenerational-relations-before-and-after-offspring-arrive-a-within-person-investigation
#5
Antti O Tanskanen
The birth of a child may re-orientate the relations between adult children and their parents; however, the previous studies on the topic are both scarce and methodologically limited. The current study investigates whether younger adults' entry into parenthood (i.e., the birth of the first child) is associated with increased contact frequency, emotional closeness, intimacy and conflict with their own parents. The participants are from the German Panel Analysis of Intimate Relationships and Family Dynamics, which is a prospective survey of younger adults with six annual follow-up waves between 2009 and 2014 (n = 17,662 person-observations from 4821 persons)...
September 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884967/sexual-expression-of-nursing-home-residents-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#6
Rodolfo A Aguilar
PURPOSE: Living longer, baby boomers will need specialized care offered by nursing homes to manage chronic conditions. This review explores the knowledge, attitudes, and experiences towards older people's sexuality and sexual expression in nursing homes-an important area of research to meet the needs of this emerging population. DESIGN: A primary search of the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and PubMed databases and secondary inclusion of cited references covering the period January 2000 to November 2016 identified 12 relevant studies...
September 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881076/the-relationship-between-psychiatric-patients-caregivers-burden-and-anger-expression-styles
#7
Serap Yildirim, Özge Akyüz, Esra Engin, Kadriye Gültekin
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between psychiatric patients' caregivers burden and anger expression styles. BACKGROUND: In the caregiving process, when coping with problems, caregivers may exhibit emotional and behavioral responses, which can produce distressful results. One of these responses is angry. Examing the relationship between psychiatric patients' caregivers burden and caregivers' anger expression styles is necessary for quality of care...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878475/factors-related-to-coping-strategies-during-japanese-physical-therapy-students-clinical-practice
#8
Daisuke Higuchi, Ayumi Echigo
[Purpose] This study aimed to identify social skills and support that are related to the coping strategies Janpanese physical therapy students use during their clinical practice. [Subjects and Methods] Third-year students who were finished with their clinical practice participated. Self-administered questionnaires were used, including the daily life skill scale, social support scale, and tri-axial coping scale. Spearman's partial correlation coefficients were calculated between social skills, support of daily living, and coping strategies used during the clinical practice, while controlling for gender...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875789/comfort-of-intimacy-is-denied
#9
Linda Elisabeth Billinger
My parents went into full-time care aſt er 65 years of marriage and were devastated they did not have a double bed (Supporting safe sexual and intimate expression in care homes, evidence and practice, 23 August).
September 6, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868842/effect-of-marital-relationship-enrichment-program-on-marital-satisfaction-marital-intimacy-and-sexual-satisfaction-of-infertile-couples
#10
Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Somayeh Khani, Farideh Kazemi, Fatemeh Kalhori, Reyhaneh Ebrahimi, Ghodratollah Roshanaei
Background: Infertile couples only think of having children during their sexual intercourse, and their constant concern about this issue increases their stress level. Psychosocial and social stress leads to decreased life satisfaction, increased marital problems, and reduced sexual confidence. This study aims to determine the effect of enrichment program on marital and sexual satisfaction as well as marital intimacy among infertile couples. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 50 infertile couples in 2013 in Hamedan...
October 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862527/agency-lapse-in-condom-use-and-relationship-intimacy-among-female-sex-workers-in-jamaica
#11
Althea E Bailey, John Peter Figueroa
This paper explores barriers to consistent condom use among female sex workers in Jamaica in a qualitative study using grounded theory. Multiple perspectives were sought through 44 in-depth interviews conducted with female sex workers, clients, the partners of sex workers and facilitators of sex work. Poverty and lack of education or skills, severely limited support systems as well as childhood abuse served to push the majority of participants into sex work and created vulnerability to HIV and other STIs. Despite these constraints, women found ways to exercise agency, ensure condom use, adopt protective measures and gain economic advantage in various aspects of the Jamaican sex trade...
September 1, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845174/the-role-of-conformity-in-relation-to-cohesiveness-and-intimacy-in-day-hospital-groups-of-patients-with-schizophrenia
#12
Il Ho Park, Sun Young Park, Sulkee Choi, Soo Young Lee, Jae-Jin Kim
OBJECTIVE: Conformity is defined as the act of adjusting one's behavior to match the social responses of others. Patients with schizophrenia often adjust their maladaptive behaviors by conforming in group treatment settings. This study aimed to examine whether the opinions of group members influence conformity of patients with schizophrenia who attend day-hospital programs. METHODS: Nineteen patients with schizophrenia from four different day-hospital programs and 23 healthy controls from four different social clubs completed the homographic meaning choice task under conditions of prior exposure to the pseudo-opinions of their group members, strangers, and unknown information sources...
July 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839887/a-qualitative-study-of-the-impact-of-crohn-s-disease-from-a-patient-s-perspective
#13
Jeanette Wilburn, James Twiss, Karen Kemp, Stephen P McKenna
OBJECTIVE: To understand how the lives of people with Crohn's disease (CD) are affected. Most research in CD has focused on symptoms and functioning rather than on how these outcomes influence quality of life (QoL). DESIGN: As part of a study to develop a CD-specific patient-reported outcome measure, qualitative interviews were conducted with patients from Manchester Royal Infirmary to determine how CD affects QoL. The needs-based model was adopted for the study...
January 2017: Frontline Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836919/dopaminergic-and-serotonergic-genotypes-and-the-subjective-experiences-of-hypnosis
#14
E R Katonai, Anna Szekely, A Vereczkei, Maria Sasvari-Szekely, Éva I Bányai, Katalin Varga
Hypnotizability is related to the Val(158)Met polymorphism of the COMT gene. The authors' aim was to find associations between candidate genes and subjective dimensions of hypnosis; 136 subjects participated in hypnosis and noninvasive DNA sampling. The phenomenological dimensions were tapped by the Archaic Involvement Measure (AIM), the Phenomenology of Consciousness Inventory (PCI), and the Dyadic Interactional Harmony Questionnaire (DIH). The main results were that the "Need of dependence" subscale of AIM was associated with the COMT genotypes...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836902/telepsychotherapy-and-the-therapeutic-relationship-principles-advantages-and-case-examples
#15
Barbara J Kocsis, Peter Yellowlees
OBJECTIVE: As the use of technology continues to expand within our mental healthcare system, there has been an increasing interest in conducting psychotherapy online using videoconferencing. Literature pertaining to telepsychotherapy has explored possible drawbacks of this modality on the therapeutic relationship, although several studies have shown that the efficacy of online psychotherapy is equivalent to in-person approaches. Little is written about the potential advantages to the psychotherapeutic relationship when psychotherapy is carried out over videoconferencing...
August 24, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833147/what-s-interpersonal-in-interpersonal-perception-the-role-of-target-s-attachment-on-the-accuracy-of-perception
#16
Gentiana Sadikaj, D S Moskowitz, David C Zuroff
OBJECTIVE: We examined the influence of attachment orientation on the accuracy of perception of negative affect in close relationships. We hypothesized that tracking accuracy of perceiving negative affect (1) would be lower among perceivers and targets with higher attachment avoidance, and (2) would be lowest when both the target and perceiver were high on attachment avoidance. Tracking accuracy would be (3) higher among perceivers and targets with higher attachment anxiety, and (4) highest when both the target and perceiver were high on attachment anxiety...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831892/supporting-safe-sexual-and-intimate-expression-among-older-people-in-care-homes
#17
Maggie Syme
This article outlines how care home staff can support safe sexual and intimate expression among older people. Older people may continue to engage in sexual and intimate acts in a residential setting; however, because of the stigma associated with sexual and intimate expression among older people, many care homes prohibit such intimacy. It is essential that care home staff adopt a person-centred approach to care that recognises the importance of maintaining the dignity and autonomy of residents while considering the potential for harm associated with sexual and intimate expression...
August 23, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813293/effects-of-relationship-functioning-on-the-biological-experience-of-stress-and-physical-health
#18
REVIEW
Allison K Farrell, Jeffry A Simpson
In this paper, we outline how relationship functioning affects the biological experience of stress and its consequences for physical health. Negative relationship perceptions and processes, such as attachment insecurity, hostility, and frequent conflict, tend to heighten stress responses and generate worse health over time, whereas positive relationship perceptions and processes, such as responsiveness, support, and intimacy, are generally associated with reduced or buffered stress responses and improved health (with some caveats)...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810471/gay-men-s-experiences-with-prostate-cancer-implications-for-future-research
#19
Michael A Hoyt, David M Frost, Eric Cohn, Brett M Millar, Michael A Diefenbach, Tracey A Revenson
Gay men's experiences with prostate cancer and its impact on health-related quality of life are poorly understood. This qualitative study explored gay men's experience with prostate cancer with a focus on the emotional, physical, and sexual impact of cancer; support needs; and healthcare interactions. Three semi-structured focus groups of gay men with prostate cancer were conducted. A conventional content analytic approach was used to identify six primary content areas that described poignant aspects of the men's experience with prostate cancer: minority stress, intimacy and sexuality concerns, impact on life outlook, healthcare experiences, social support and the gay community, and intersectional identities...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805419/creating-space-for-relationships
#20
Susan L Maataoui, Jodi S Hardwick, Tessa S Lundquist
Sexuality is a key component of personality and behavior, encompassing basic human needs for touch, intimacy, love, affection, and sexual behavior. The design of long-term care facilities makes it almost impossible for a resident to be sexually intimate, to share romantic moments, or to have a meal in a private setting. This case study describes the rationale and process used to establish a private guestroom called the Family Room at Patriots Place, the specialized dementia unit in the Veterans Affairs (VA) Maine Healthcare System Community Living Center (CLC)...
August 2017: Psychological Services
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