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Dyslipidemia prevalence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807220/health-characteristics-of-heart-transplant-recipients-surviving-into-their-80s
#1
Deborah R Tabachnick, Megan E Bowen, Josef Stehlik, Abdallah G Kfoury, William T Caine, Craig H Selzman, Stephen H McKellar
BACKGROUND: Heart transplantation (HTx) is the preferred treatment for patients with end-stage heart failure and has been successful for >30 y. The clinical course of recipients at the extreme of age is unknown. We reviewed our experience to determine the overall health and prevalence of Tx-related medical problems for recipients in their ninth decade. METHODS: We reviewed the UCTP experience from 1985 to present to identify patients who survived into their 80s and matched (1:1) with other recipients for gender and age at HTx, but did not survive to ≥80 y...
August 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804621/development-of-gene-polymorphisms-in-meditators-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#2
Chun Wang, Jianping Gong, Hao Wu
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most prevalent liver disease worldwide, the morbidity of which closely correlates with diversity of ethnicity, minority, family and location. Its histology spans from simple steatosis, to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, which ultimately results in fibrosis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The accelerating prevalence of NAFLD is due to an incremental incidence of metabolic syndrome that is distinguished by dyslipidemia, glucose impairment, obesity, excessive oxidative stress and adipocytokine impairment...
August 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800751/prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-dyslipidemia-in-older-persons-in-urban-and-rural-population-in-the-astana-region-kazakhstan
#3
Adil Supiyev, Talgat Nurgozhin, Zhaxybay Zhumadilov, Anne Peasey, Jaroslav A Hubacek, Martin Bobak
BACKGROUND: Despite high cardiovascular mortality in Central Asian republics of the former Soviet Union, there is limited information about major risk factors, including blood lipids. We investigated the prevalence of impaired concentrations of blood lipids, the awareness, treatment and control of hypercholesterolemia, and factors associated with these indicators in urban and rural populations in Kazakhstan. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of random urban and rural population samples (the state capital Astana and Akmol village)...
August 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799999/features-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-in-adults-and-children-living-with-hiv
#4
Andrew W McCrary, Chidozie U Nduka, Saverio Stranges, Gerald S Bloomfield
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article addresses crucial issues in identifying risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in people living with HIV in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). These issues are in need of urgent attention to advance our knowledge and inform actions to mitigate CVD in this population. We address CVDs in adults living with HIV as well as the unique aspects pertaining to children living with HIV (CLHIV), a group sorely under-represented in this field. RECENT FINDINGS: CVDs affecting adults such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, coronary artery disease, and heart failure, in addition to myocardial dysfunction, vascular diseases, and autoimmune phenomena are also being reported in CLHIV...
August 10, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797406/ct-detected-growth-of-coronary-artery%C3%A2-calcification-in-asymptomatic-middle-aged-subjects-and-association-with-15-biomarkers
#5
Søren Zöga Diederichsen, Mette Hjortdal Grønhøj, Hans Mickley, Oke Gerke, Flemming Hald Steffensen, Jess Lambrechtsen, Niels Peter Rønnow Sand, Lars Melholt Rasmussen, Michael Hecht Olsen, Axel Diederichsen
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the incidence and progression of coronary artery calcification (CAC) in asymptomatic middle-aged subjects and to evaluate the value of a broad panel of biomarkers in the prediction of CAC growth. BACKGROUND: CAC continues to be a major risk factor, but the value of biochemical markers in predicting CAC incidence and progression remains unresolved. METHODS: At baseline, 1,227 men and women underwent traditional risk assessment and a computed tomography (CT) scan to determine the CAC score...
August 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796598/prevalence-correlates-and-time-trends-of-multiple-chronic-conditions-among-israeli-adults-estimates-from-the-israeli-national-health-interview-survey-2014-2015
#6
Samah Hayek, Anneke Ifrah, Teena Enav, Tamy Shohat
INTRODUCTION: Chronic diseases constitute a major public health challenge. The prevalence of multiple chronic conditions (MCC) has increased. The objective of our study was to describe the prevalence, correlates, and time trends of MCC in the Israeli population and among the nation's 2 main population groups (Jewish and Arab). METHODS: To describe the prevalence of correlates of MCC, we used data from the 2014-2015 Israeli National Health Interview Survey-III (INHIS-III)...
August 10, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790859/dyslipidemia-and-associated-factors-among-diabetic-patients-attending-durame-general-hospital-in-southern-nations-nationalities-and-people-s-region
#7
Shiferaw Bekele, Tagesech Yohannes, Abdurehman Eshete Mohammed
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders that are caused by deficiency in insulin secretion or the decreased ability of insulin to act effectively on target tissues, particularly muscle, liver, and fat. As a result of insulin resistance in the target tissues, particularly in the adipocytes, free fatty acid flux is increased, leading to increased lipid synthesis in hepatocytes, which is responsible for diabetic dyslipidemia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated factors of dyslipidemia among diabetic patients in Durame General Hospital in Kembata Tembaro zone...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783050/comparison-of-metabolic-syndrome-indicators-in-two-samples-of-central-and-south-americans-living-in-the-washington-d-c-area-in-1993-1994-and-2008-2009-secular-changes-in-metabolic-syndrome-in-hispanics
#8
Regina Gill, Robert T Jackson, Marguerite Duane, Allison Miner, Saira A Khan
The Central and South American populations are growing rapidly in the US; however, there is a paucity of information about their health status. Objectives: we estimated the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its individual components from two cohorts of Central and South Americans. Methods: This cross-sectional, medical record extraction survey sampled 1641 adults from a Washington, D.C clinic. A questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic, medical history, anthropometric, biochemical, and clinical data...
August 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782313/lipid-profile-in-childhood-and-youth-onset-type-2-diabetes-and-their-association-with-microvascular-complications
#9
A Amutha, R Pradeepa, K S Chella, R M Anjana, R Unnikrishnan, V Mohan
AIM: To assess the lipid profiles in childhood and youth onset type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and study their association with microvascular complications. METHODS: Clinical details of individuals with childhood and youth onset T2DM, age at diagnosis between 10 and 25 yrs (n=1340) were retrieved from electronic medical records. Lipid abnormalities were classified based on the NCEP (ATP III) guidelines and management of dyslipidemia in children and adolescents with diabetes...
June 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782308/a-prospective-observational-study-to-determine-the-prevalence-and-clinical-profile-of-patients-of-hypertensive-crisis-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#10
Santosh B Salagre, Shobha M Itolikar, Kapil Gedam
BACKGROUND: Hypertension can present in crisis form as 'hypertensive urgency'(HU) or as 'hypertensive emergency' (HE). Both the conditions are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. AIM: To evaluate the clinical characteristics, course of illness, end-organ damage and survival outcome in patients with hypertensive crisis. METHODOLOGY: This prospective observational year-long study was conducted after due ethical considerations on 120 adult non-pregnant patients who presented with blood pressure of >180/120 mm Hg in the emergency medical services of a tertiary care hospital...
June 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780399/urbanization-mainly-rurality-but-not-altitude-is-associated-with-dyslipidemia-profiles
#11
Maria Lazo-Porras, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, Renato Quispe, German Málaga, Liam Smeeth, Robert H Gilman, William Checkley, J Jaime Miranda
BACKGROUND: Geographical and environmental features such as urbanization and altitude may influence individual's lipid profiles because of the diversity of human-environment interactions including lifestyles. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the association between altitude and urbanization and lipid profile among Peruvian adults aged ≥35 years. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of the CRONICAS Cohort Study. The outcomes of interest were 6 dyslipidemia traits: hypertriglyceridemia, high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), nonisolated low HDL-c, isolated low HDL-c, and high non-HDL-c...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779949/cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-hiv
#12
REVIEW
Flavia Ballocca, Fabrizio D'Ascenzo, Sebastiano Gili, Walter Grosso Marra, Fiorenzo Gaita
With the progressive increase in life expectancy of HIV-positive patient, thanks to "highly active antiretroviral therapy" (HAART), new comorbidities, and especially cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are emerging as an important concern. An increased risk of coronary artery disease, often in a younger age, has been observed in this population. The underlying pathophysiology is complex and partially still unclear, with the interaction of viral infection-and systemic inflammation-antiretroviral therapy and traditional risk factors...
June 12, 2017: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777805/relationship-between-alcohol-drinking-and-arterial-hypertension-in-indigenous-people-of-the-mura-ethnics-brazil
#13
Alaidistania Aparecida Ferreira, Zilmar Augusto Souza-Filho, Maria Jacirema F Gonçalves, Juliano Santos, Angela Maria G Pierin
OBJECTIVE: To identify the consumption of alcoholic beverage and the relation with hypertension, their prevalence and associated factors, in indigenous Mura, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted with 455 adult indigenous aged 18 years or more of Mura ethnics in Amazonia, Brazil. Interview was conducted and the alcohol intake was assessed by the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test. Blood pressure was measured in three measurements and the mean of the last two measurements was used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771097/dependency-of-cardiovascular-risk-on-reproductive-stages-and-on-age-among-middle-aged-chinese-women
#14
Y Sun, X Ruan, A O Mueck
OBJECTIVE: To assess the 10-year cardiovascular risk in middle-aged Chinese women living in the same community and the impact of reproductive aging and age. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in the Yuetan Community of Beijing. Data on lifestyle habits, prevalence and treatment of chronic diseases with significance for cardiovascular disease (CVD) development were collected by interview. CVD risk factors were assessed by physical examination and laboratory tests...
August 3, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761616/cardiometabolic-risk-among-hiv-positive-ugandan-adults-prevalence-predictors-and-effect-of-long-term-antiretroviral-therapy
#15
Patrick Kazooba, Ivan Kasamba, Billy Nsubuga Mayanja, Joseph Lutaakome, Ivan Namakoola, Tino Salome, Pontiano Kaleebu, Paula Munderi
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the prevalence, predictors of and effect of Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) regimen on cardiometabolic risk among HIV-positive Ugandan adults at enrolment into a prospective cohort to study the Complications of Long-Term ART (CoLTART). METHODS: We collected data on cardiometabolic risk factors including dyslipidemia, hypertension, hyperglycemia, obesity and calculated the mean atherogenic index for Plasma (AIP) and 10 year Framingham risk score (FHS)...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756758/sex-difference-in-types-and-distribution-of-risk-factors-in-ischemic-and-hemorrhagic-stroke
#16
Alijan A Ahangar, Payam Saadat, Behzad Heidari, Seyedeh T Taheri, Shayan Alijanpour
Background Stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide and is associated with several risk factors with variable risk factor distribution by population. We report the types and frequency of the associated factors of stroke in north Iran. Methods Consecutive patients with stroke were recruited from 2014 to 2015. The two groups of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke were compared with respect to age, sex, the prevalence, and distribution of the risk factors. Results Among 230 patients (84.3% ischemic stroke) with mean age of 61...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754402/cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-patients-with-spondyloarthritis-from-northern-european-and-mediterranean-countries-an-ancillary-study-of-the-asas-comospa-project
#17
Clementina López-Medina, Yolanda Jiménez-Gómez, Anna Moltó, Ruxandra Elena Schiotis, Helena Marzo-Ortega, Floris A van Gaalen, Salih Ozgocmen, Maxime Dougados, Jerusalem Calvo-Gutiérrez, M Carmen Castro-Villegas, Eduardo Collantes-Estévez, Pilar Font-Ugalde
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were: 1) To compare the prevalence of cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular risk factors among different phenotypes of Spondyloarthritis (SpA); 2) To assess the differences in cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular risk factors between two geographical areas, i.e. Northern Europe vs. Mediterranean region; 3) To identify potential predictive factors for high Framingham Risk Score regarding disease features in SpA and geographical area. METHODS: Ancillary analysis of the international, multicentric, observational, cross-sectional ASAS-COMOSPA study...
July 25, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743922/prevalence-of-stroke-and-vascular-risk-factors-in-china-a-nationwide-community-based-study
#18
Qi Li, Hao Wu, Wei Yue, Qingqing Dai, Hui Liang, Hetao Bian, Xiaoshuang Xia, Qiuhong Ji, Ying Shen
We aimed to investigate the prevalence of stroke and related vascular risk factors in adult population aged 40 years and older in China. We conducted a prospective cross-sectional survey in nationally representative sample of 207323 individuals from all 31 Chinese provinces in 2013. Data were used to analyze the prevalence of stroke by age, sex, geographical regions and educational level. The age-standardized prevalence of stroke was significantly higher in men than in women in all age groups (P < 0...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740412/prevalence-of-diabetes-and-obesity-in-association-with-prematurity-and-growth-restriction
#19
REVIEW
Gretchen Kopec, Prem S Shekhawat, Maroun J Mhanna
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is when fetuses and newborn infants have not reached their true growth potential as genetically defined. Fetuses with IUGR develop in a less than ideal environment that leads to epigenetic changes and marks infants' metabolism for the rest of their lives. Epigenetic changes affect insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels and lead to insulin resistance and ultimately to a metabolic syndrome. The metabolic syndrome is a constellation of illnesses that raise one's risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, and ischemic heart disease, including hypertension, dyslipidemia, central obesity, insulin resistance, and inflammation...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738463/-a-cross-sectional-study-on-dyslipidemia-in-migrants-in-inner-mongolia-autonomous-region
#20
T Zhang, Q Zhou, Y G Qian, J Zhou, S J Wu, P Y Wang, A P Liu
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of dyslipidemia in migrants in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Methods: A stratified multi-stage cluster equal size sampling was performed among the migrants aged ≥18 years who were engaged in manufacturing, wholesale retail, accommodation and catering service, social service, construction and other and 1 501 migrants from five area in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region was investigated by means of questionnaires survey, physical measurements and laboratory detection...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
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