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Dyslipidemia prevalence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793176/non-ldl-dyslipidemia-is-prevalent-in-the-young-and-determined-by-lifestyle-factors-and-age-the-lifelines-cohort
#1
Jeroen K de Vries, Jan W Balder, Michelle J Pena, Petra Denig, Andries J Smit
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Non-LDL dyslipidemia (NLD) confers cardiovascular risk, and prevalence rates appear to be high in elderly populations. Small cohorts have identified several lifestyle, anthropometric, and medical factors associated with NLD. We aimed to assess sex- and age-specific prevalence of NLD in a contemporary population cohort (n = 167 729), and to identify independent determinants of NLD, focusing on lifestyle, anthropometric, and medical factors. METHODS: The prevalence of NLD was assessed per 10-year age intervals in adults without cardiovascular disease not using lipid-modifying drugs from the Dutch LifeLines cohort...
May 21, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791184/expert-exchange-workgroup-on-children-aged-5-and-younger-with-severe-obesity-a-narrative-review-of-medical-and-genetic-risk-factors
#2
Nazrat Mirza, Thao-Ly Phan, June Tester, Angela Fals, Cristina Fernandez, George Datto, Elizabeth Estrada, Ihuoma Eneli
Severe obesity defined as an age- and gender-specific body mass index ≥120% of the 95th percentile in children younger than 5 years is well recognized as a significant challenge for prevention and treatment. This article provides an overview of the prevalence, classification of obesity severity, patterns of weight gain trajectory, medical and genetic risk factors, and comorbid disorders among young children with an emphasis on severe obesity. Studies suggest rapid weight gain trajectory in infancy, maternal smoking, maternal gestational diabetes, and genetic conditions are associated with an increased risk for severe obesity in early childhood...
May 23, 2018: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788966/dyslipidemia-prevalence-awareness-treatment-control-and-risk-factors-in-chinese-rural-population-the-henan-rural-cohort-study
#3
Xiaotian Liu, Songcheng Yu, Zhenxing Mao, Yuqian Li, Haiqing Zhang, Kaili Yang, Honglei Zhang, Ruihua Liu, Xinling Qian, Linlin Li, Ronghai Bie, Chongjian Wang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dyslipidemia continue to increase in recent decades in China, however, little is known about the recent prevalence, awareness, treatment, control, and potential risk factors of dyslipidemia in the rural areas of China. METHODS: A total of 39,207 participants aged 18-79 years were recruited for the epidemiological research from the Henan Rural Cohort study. The age- and sex-adjusted means (95% confidence intervals, CI) of serum lipid levels or percentages of prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control overall and in various population subgroups were estimated and compared by multiple linear regression or logistic regression...
May 22, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785308/the-correlation-of-dyslipidemia-with-the-extent-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-the-multiethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#4
Moshrik Abd Alamir, Michael Goyfman, Adib Chaus, Firas Dabbous, Leslie Tamura, Veit Sandfort, Alan Brown, Mathew Budoff
Background: The extent of coronary artery calcium (CAC) improves cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk prediction. The association between common dyslipidemias (combined hyperlipidemia, simple hypercholesterolemia, metabolic Syndrome (MetS), isolated low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and isolated hypertriglyceridemia) compared with normolipidemia and the risk of multivessel CAC is underinvestigated. Objectives: To determine whether there is an association between common dyslipidemias compared with normolipidemia, and the extent of coronary artery involvement among MESA participants who were free of clinical cardiovascular disease at baseline...
2018: Journal of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785076/role-of-osteoprotegerin-receptor-activator-of-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-receptor-activator-of-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-ligand-axis-in-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#5
REVIEW
Lucia Pacifico, Gian Marco Andreoli, Miriam D'Avanzo, Delia De Mitri, Pasquale Pierimarchi
Concomitantly with the increase in the prevalences of overweight/obesity, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has worldwide become the main cause of chronic liver disease in both adults and children. Patients with fatty liver display features of metabolic syndrome (MetS), like insulin resistance (IR), glucose intolerance, hypertension and dyslipidemia. Recently, epidemiological studies have linked obesity, MetS, and NAFLD to decreased bone mineral density and osteoporosis, highlighting an intricate interplay among bone, adipose tissue, and liver...
May 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782827/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-mild-chronic-renal-failure-in-hiv-infected-patients-influence-of-female-gender-and-antiretroviral-therapy
#6
Marina Pontello Cristelli, Joan Carles Trullàs, Federico Cofán, Naira Rico, Christian Manzardo, Juan Ambrosioni, Josep Lluis Bedini, Asunción Moreno, Fritz Diekmann, Jose Maria Miro
BACKGROUND: In people living with HIV, much is known about chronic kidney disease, defined as a glomerular filtration rate under 60mL/min. However, there is scarce data about prevalence and risk factors for milder impairment (60-89mL/min). OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to assess the influence of sex, antiretroviral therapy, and classical risk factors on the occurrence of mild decreased renal function in a large Spanish cohort of HIV-infected patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional, single center study, including all adult HIV-1-infected patients under antiretroviral treatment with at least two serum creatinine measures during 2014, describing the occurrence of and the risk factors for mildly decreased renal function (eGFR by CKD-EPI creatinine equation of 60-89mL/min)...
May 18, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782548/dyslipidemia-among-rural-and-urban-hiv-patients-in-south-east-malawi
#7
Alemayehu Amberbir, Victor Singano, Alfred Matengeni, Zahra Ismail, Gift Kawalazira, Adrienne K Chan, Sumeet D Sodhi, Joep J van Oosterhout
BACKGROUND: While dyslipidemia importantly contributes to increased cardiovascular disease risk among patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART), data on lipid patterns among African adults on ART are limited. We describe the prevalence of lipid abnormalities and associated factors in two HIV clinics in Malawi. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 2014 and enrolled adult patients at a rural and an urban HIV clinic in Zomba district, Malawi. We recorded patient characteristics, CVD risk factors and anthropometric measurements, using the WHO STEPS validated instrument...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782268/-lipid-blood-profile-in-old-patients-with-ischemic-heart-disease
#8
S V Topolyanskaya, O N Vakulenko, T A Eliseeva, N A Balyasnikova, G A Kalinin, L M Kupina, N V Strizhova
PURPOSE: to assess prevalence of dyslipidemia in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) older than 75 years as well as to evaluate possible associations between serum lipids and various cardiovascular and other diseases in these patients. METHODS: We enrolled in this cross sectional study 555 hospitalized IHD patients aged 75-98 years (mean age 86.8 years, 74.5 % women). Levels of lipids (total cholesterol [TC], triglycerides [TG], low and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDLC, HDLC]) were measured by enzyme method on the biochemistry analyzer Konelab 60i...
March 2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781258/melkersson-rosenthal-syndrome-the-possible-role-of-co-morbidities-in-the-etiopathogenesis
#9
Guy Shalom, Lipa Bodner, Sima Halevy
BACKGROUND: Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome (MRS) is a rare syndrome. Recently, possible association between MRS and psoriasis was reported. Our objective is to evaluate the presence of co-morbidities in MRS with a focus on psoriasis-related morbidities. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study consisting of a series of 12 patients with MRS and two groups of age- and gender-matched controls: 30 patients with psoriasis vulgaris and 28 patients with acute contact dermatitis...
May 16, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780228/risk-factors-of-acute-ischemic-stroke-in-patients-presented-to-beni-suef-university-hospital-prevalence-and-relation-to-stroke-severity-at-presentation
#10
Rasha H Soliman, Mohammed I Oraby, Mohammed Fathy, Alaa M Essam
Background: Acute ischemic stroke is one of the major causes of disability and death worldwide. Effective prevention remains the best approach for reducing the burden of stroke. The aim of this work was to study the prevalence of stroke risk factors and the possible relation between such risk factors and the disease severity at presentation in a sample of stroke patients presented to Beni-Suef University Hospital, north Upper Egypt. Methods: A sample of 167 patients of acute ischemic stroke recruited from Beni-Suef University Hospital was included in this cross-sectional descriptive study...
2018: The Egyptian journal of neurology, psychiatry and neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780107/low-urine-ph-is-associated-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#11
Teruki Miyake, Sakiko Yoshida, Shin Yamamoto, Shinya Furukawa, Osamu Yoshida, Sayaka Kanzaki, Hidenori Senba, Toru Ishihara, Mitsuhito Koizumi, Yoshio Tokumoto, Masashi Hirooka, Teru Kumagi, Masanori Abe, Kohichiro Kitai, Bunzo Matsuura, Yoichi Hiasa
Background Low urine pH is associated with several metabolic diseases, such as dyslipidemia, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. However, the association between low urine pH and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remains unknown. Therefore, we conducted a community-based cross-sectional study to investigate this association. Methods Between April 2013 and March 2014, the records of 4,945 Japanese subjects who had undergone annual health checkups were reviewed to identify subjects who met the diagnostic criteria for NAFLD...
May 18, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779453/association-between-thyroid-dysfunction-and-lipid-profiles-differs-according-to-age-and-gender-results-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#12
Hye-Seon Oh, Hyemi Kwon, Jonghwa Ahn, Eyun Song, Suyeon Park, Mijin Kim, Minkyu Han, MinJi Jeon, Won Gu Kim, Won Bae Kim, YoungKee Shong, Eun-Jung Rhee, Tae Yong Kim
<i>Background</i> Lipid profiles of men and women change differently during the aging process. Guidelines recommend that dyslipidemia patients should consider screening for hypothyroidism without consideration of age or gender. <i>Methods</i> Data from the sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination were used. A total of 4,275 participants without thyroid disease and without a past history of dyslipidemia or dyslipidemia medication were evaluated. We analyzed the association between thyroid dysfunction and lipid profiles (total cholesterol [TC], low-dense lipoprotein cholesterol [LDLC], and triglyceride [TG]) by age and gender...
May 19, 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778650/obesity-surgery-makes-patients-healthier-and-more-functional-real-world-results-from-the-united-kingdom-national-bariatric-surgery-registry
#13
Alexander Dimitri Miras, Kamocka Anna, Patel Darshan, Dexter Simon, Finlay Ian, Hopkins C James, Khan Omar, Reddy Marcus, Sedman Peter, Small Peter, Somers Shaw, Suzie Cro, Walton Peter, le Roux Carel W, Welbourn Richard
BACKGROUND: The National Bariatric Surgery Registry (NBSR) is the largest bespoke database in the field in the United Kingdom. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to analyze the NBSR to determine whether the effects of obesity surgery on associated co-morbidities observed in small, randomized controlled clinical trials could be replicated in a "real life" setting within U.K. healthcare. SETTING: United Kingdom. METHODS: All NBSR entries for operations between 2000 and 2015 with associated demographic and co-morbidity data were analyzed retrospectively...
February 15, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768343/potential-common-factors-associated-with-predisposition-to-common-cold-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-japanese-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#14
Michi Shibata, Taizo Iwane, Ryoko Higuchi, Kaname Suwa, Kei Nakajima
People worldwide frequently catch a common cold, which occasionally develops into secondary severe conditions such as pneumonia. However, it is unclear whether predisposition to the common cold is associated with the individual's characteristics including age, body weight, lifestyles, diets, and intestinal functions, besides exposure to a responsible pathogen. We addressed this issue epidemiologically considering many relevant clinical factors.We reviewed data from a cross-sectional study consisting of 39,524 apparently healthy Japanese aged 40 to 79 years (26,975 men and 12,549 women) who underwent a checkup in 2007...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760932/cardiovascular-disease-risk-differences-between-bus-company-employees-and-general-workers-according-to-the-korean-national-health-insurance-data
#15
Ji-Hoo Yook, Dong-Wook Lee, Min-Seok Kim, Yun-Chul Hong
Background: Bus drivers are known to be highly at risk of cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we assessed the cardiovascular disease prevalence of bus company employees in Seoul, South Korea, and compared the results to those of general workers. Methods: We analyzed the 2014 Korean National Health Insurance (NHI) data and defined hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, ischemic heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease based on the KCD-6 medical diagnoses. We used bus company employees as surrogate participants of bus drivers due to the characteristics of Korean NHI data...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759591/corrigendum-to-prevalence-of-dyslipidemia-and-achievement-of-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-targets-in-chinese-adults-a-nationally-representative-survey-of-163-641-adults-int-j-cardiol-260-2018-196-203
#16
Mei Zhang, Qian Deng, Linhong Wang, Zhengjing Huang, Maigeng Zhou, Yichong Li, Zhenping Zhao, Yawei Zhang, Limin Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755645/hepatic-steatosis-in-chronic-hepatitis-b-a-study-of-metabolic-and-genetic-factors
#17
Michael O Baclig, Karen G Reyes, Veni R Liles, Cynthia A Mapua, Mark Pierre S Dimamay, Juliet Gopez-Cervantes
Hepatic steatosis is a common finding in liver biopsy and may co-exist with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of steatosis in CHB patients among Filipinos; determine the factors related to the presence of steatosis among individuals with and without CHB infection; and to investigate the possible association between steatosis and polymorphism in interleukin 28B (IL28B) gene. The presence of steatosis was correlated with clinical, biochemical and histological parameters...
2018: International Journal of Molecular Epidemiology and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754388/consumption-of-probiotic-lactobacillus-fermentum-mtcc-5898-fermented-milk-attenuates-dyslipidemia-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-in-male-rats-fed-on-cholesterol-enriched-diet
#18
Radha Yadav, Suhail Hakeem Khan, Sanusi Bello Mada, Sunita Meena, Rajeev Kapila, Suman Kapila
There is a growing and alarming prevalence that increased serum cholesterol is closely related to increased cardiovascular disease risk. Probiotic consumption could be a safe and natural strategy to combat. Therefore, we sought to examine the cholesterol-lowering potential of co-supplementation of probiotic bacteria Lactobacillus fermentum MTCC: 5898-fermented buffalo milk (2.5% fat) in rats fed cholesterol-enriched diet. Male Wistar rats were divided into three groups on the basis of feed, viz. group 1, fed standard diet (SD); group 2, fed cholesterol-enriched diet (CED); and group 3, fed cholesterol-enriched diet along with L...
May 13, 2018: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753422/prevalence-of-diabetes-and-dyslipidemia-in-hypertensive-patients-in-the-area-of-blida-algeria
#19
A Bachir Cherif, S Bennouar, A Bouamra, A Taleb, F Hamida, M Temmar, M T Bouafia
PURPOSE: Diabetes mellitus (DM) and lipid disorders (LD) in hypertensive patients are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular complications requiring follow-up and more aggressive therapeutic strategies. The main objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of DM and LD in adult hypertensive patients followed in specialized consultation of hypertension in the region of Blida (North Algeria) during the period from January 2013 to June 2017. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 3268 hypertensive patients (1453 men and 1815 women), mean age of 58...
May 9, 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753403/clinical-studies-of-interventions-to-mitigate-cardiovascular-risk-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#20
REVIEW
Dev Jegatheesan, Yeoungjee Cho, David W Johnson
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is highly prevalent in the peritoneal dialysis (PD) population, affecting up to 60% of cohorts. CVD is the primary cause of death in up to 40% of PD patients in Australia, New Zealand, and the United States. Cardiovascular mortality rates are reported to be approximately 14 per 100 patient-years, which are 10- to 20-fold greater than those of age- and sex-matched controls. The excess risk of CVD is related to a combination of traditional risk factors (such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, obesity, smoking, sedentary lifestyle, and insulin resistance), nontraditional (kidney disease-related) risk factors (such as anemia, chronic volume overload, inflammation, malnutrition, hyperuricemia, and mineral and bone disorder), and PD-specific risk factors (such as dialysis solutions, glycation end products, hypokalemia, residual kidney function, and ultrafiltration failure)...
May 2018: Seminars in Nephrology
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