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Dyslipidemia prevalence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348994/the-association-of-mediterranean-diet-and-exercise-modifications-with-anthropometric-parameters-in-a-psychiatric-community-population-a-pilot-study
#1
Rosaria Di Lorenzo, Jessica Pedretti, Letizia Grossi, Benedetta Cuoghi, Cinzia Varni, Giulia Landi, Ludovica Spattini, Chiara Visentini, Paola Ferri, Francesca Carubbi
Weight gain and related metabolic syndrome (MS) are major current issues in public health. MS consists of abdominal fat, atherogenic dyslipidemia, hypertension, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, pro-inflammatory and pro-thrombotic state, and accounts for both cardiovascular diseases and type II diabetes mellitus risk factors. Patients affected by psychiatric illness present a prevalence of 35-40% of MS. Many studies have shown that Mediterranean diet is associated with the reduction of mortality due to cardiovascular and malignant diseases, potentially preventing both obesity and type II diabetes mellitus...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348378/analysis-of-diabetes-mellitus-determinants-in-indonesia-a-study-from-the-indonesian-basic-health-research-2013
#2
Haerawati Idris, Hamzah Hasyim, Feranita Utama
BACKGROUND: diabetes mellitus is a silent-killer. Its prevalence and impact on health expenses increase from year to year. This study aims to investigate the characteristics and the risk factors that affect  diabetes mellitus in Indonesia. METHODS: this is a cross sectional study. Data were obtained from the Basic Health Research (RISKESDAS) in 2013. The samples were individuals aged ≥15 years, whose fasting blood glucose and 2 hours blood glucose after the imposition have been measured...
October 2017: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341060/rationale-of-decreasing-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-below-70-mg-dl-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-a-retrospective-virtual-histology-intravascular-ultrasound-study
#3
Young Hoon Seo, Duck-Jun Seo, In Geol Song, Ki-Hong Kim, Taek-Geun Kwon, Jang-Ho Bae
BACKGROUND: The associations between statin and coronary plaque compositional changes were reported according to the use of high dose or not. An evaluation of the impact of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) < 70 mg/dL by using real world dosages of statin on coronary plaque composition was undertaken. METHODS: The study subjects consisted of 61 patients (mean 59.9 years old, 45 males) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention, baseline and follow-up (F/U; mean 8...
January 17, 2018: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339204/serum-uric-acid-and-prevalence-of-age-related-hearing-loss-in-the-japanese-population-baseline-data-from-the-aidai-cohort-study-in-yawatahama
#4
Daiki Takagi, Shinya Furukawa, Masahiro Okada, Keiko Tanaka, Hidenori Senba, Masato Teraoka, Hiroyuki Yamada, Naohito Hato, Yoshihiro Miyake
AIMS: Metabolic diseases may affect age-related hearing loss (AHL). Only one epidemiological study showed a positive association between serum uric acid levels and AHL. The aim of this study was to estimate this issue in Japanese men and women. METHODS: Study subjects were 694 individuals aged 36-76 years. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information on the variables under study. Audiological assessment was performed using pure-tone audiometry...
January 12, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331234/metabolic-syndrome-hypertension-and-hyperlipidemia-in-mothers-fathers-sisters-and-brothers-of-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Bulent Yilmaz, Priyathama Vellanki, Baris Ata, Bulent Okan Yildiz
OBJECTIVE: To provide an evidence-based assessment of metabolic syndrome, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia in first-degree relatives of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Mothers, fathers, sisters, and brothers of women with and without PCOS. INTERVENTION(S): An electronic-based search with the use of PubMed from 1960 to June 2015 and cross-checked references of relevant articles...
January 11, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323633/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-veterans-with-spinal-cord-injury
#6
David R Gater, Gary J Farkas, Arthur S Berg, Camilo Castillo
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: Recent literature would suggest the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) is higher than that of the general population, although no large cohorts have yet been reported. Part of the controversy relates to the differing definitions provided for metabolic syndrome and the characterization of obesity in persons with SCI. DESIGN/PARTICIPANTS: The current retrospective investigation represents a cross-sectional cohort of 473 veterans with SCI from a single center in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States for whom modified International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criterion variables for the metabolic syndrome were available in the computerized personal record system (CPRS)...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319245/cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-with-special-reference-to-non-hdl-cholesterol
#7
Debjani S Goswami, Tanuja P Manohar
Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are becoming the major cause of morbidity and mortality in most of the developing countries including India. Cardiometabolic risk factors play a vital role in causation of coronary artery disease. Present study was carried out to investigate the role of various risk factors in the occurrence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in population from Central India. Settings and Design: This was a hospital-based age and sex matched case-control study, carried out at Lata Mangeshkar Hospital, Nagpur...
October 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313574/a-study-of-genetic-markers-in-patients-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-their-co-relation-with-severity-of-the-disease
#8
Gauri Liyakat Ali, Suman Kapur, Sai Chinmayi, Qadir Fatima, Harshal Pise, Asim Khan, Ambreen Liyakat, V Jilova, Urvashi Dube
Introduction: Dyslipidemia has been reported to attribute to early death due to increased atherosclerosis leading to CVDs in patients with RA. Recent reports have suggested a role of adipocytokines in mediating joint damage rheumatoid arthritis (RA). RA has long been associated with increased cardiovascular risk as atherosclerosis is more prevalent in patients of RA than in the general population. Specific alleles of APOE gene have been reported to be associated with risk for atherosclerosis and LEP gene alleles have been associated with increased BMI...
September 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313565/utilization-of-the-lipid-lowering-therapies-in-outpatient-settings-in-poland-epidemiological-survey-economedica-dyslipidemia-2015
#9
Filip M Szymański, Anna E Płatek, Anna Ryś, Karolina Semczuk-Kaczmarek, Bartosz Krzowski, Katarzyna Wróbel, Krzysztof J Filipiak
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia, especially elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol is one of the most important cardiovascular risk factors. Treatment of dyslipidemia and prevention of cardiovascular disease with lipid-lowering drugs is one of the key issues in reducing cardiovascular mortality. Nevertheless, underutilization of statins and lipid-lowering drugs is still a problem globally. AIM: The present study aimed to describe the utilization of lipid-lowering drugs in groups of patients with indications for statin treatment and elevated LDL cholesterol...
January 9, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310991/dyslipidemia-and-lipid-lowering-treatment-in-a-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-cohort-25%C3%A2-years-of-follow-up-data
#10
Melanie Premstaller, Melanie Perren, Kuebra Koçack, Christian Arranto, Geneviève Favre, Andreas Lohri, Sabine Gerull, Jakob R Passweg, Jörg P Halter, Anne B Leuppi-Taegtmeyer
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia is common after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Few data regarding the time course of lipid profiles after HSCT, the effect of multiple transplantations, and efficacy and safety of lipid-lowering treatments are available. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence and treatment of dyslipidemia over a 25-year period in a large, single-center cohort. METHODS: One thousand one hundred ninety-six adult patients (≥16 years) who underwent HSCT during 1973 to 2013 and who survived ≥100 days were studied retrospectively...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302550/metabolic-control-targets-in-sudanese-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-a-population-based-study
#11
Ahmed O Almobarak, Sufian K Noor, Wadie M Elmadhoun, Sarra O Bushara, Reham S Salim, Sittana A Forawi, Heitham Awadalla, Einas S Elwali, Mohamed H Ahmed
Background: Type 1 diabetes is a challenging metabolic disorder for health authorities in Sudan. The objective of this study was to assess the level of glycemic control and to determine the prevalence of dyslipidemia and complications among individuals with type 1 diabetes in Sudan. Materials and Methods: Individuals with type 1 diabetes, who were having the disease for at least 1 year, were invited to participate in this study. Data were collected from two diabetes centers, in the Capital Khartoum and Atbara City, North of Sudan...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300425/aging-and-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-relationship-with-cardiometabolic-disorders-and-polypharmacy
#12
R Vicinanza, G Troisi, R Cangemi, M Ulderico De Martino, D Pastori, S Bernardini, F Crisciotti, F Di Violante, A Frizza, M Cacciafesta, P Pignatelli, V Marigliano
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (Med-Diet), cardiometabolic disorders and polypharmacy. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Geriatrics outpatient clinic, Policlinico Umberto I, Sapienza University of Rome. PARTICIPANTS: 508 patients (219 male, 289 female) aged 50 to 89 who were evaluated for cardiovascular and metabolic disorders. METHODS AND MEASUREMENTS: Patients underwent a comprehensive medical assessment including medical history and the use of medications...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299735/exposure-to-chinese-famine-in-early-life-and-the-risk-of-dyslipidemia-in-adulthood
#13
Xueling Xin, Weijing Wang, Hui Xu, Zongyao Li, Dongfeng Zhang
PURPOSE: Early life exposure to famine may affect the susceptibility to metabolic disorders including dyslipidemia. However, few studies explored the association between them in Chinese population. We aimed to evaluate the association between Chinese famine (1959-1961) exposure during early life and the risk of dyslipidemia in adulthood. METHODS: The study performed a historic cohort study and data were from China Health and Nutrition Survey conducted in 2009. A total of 4843 subjects born between 1941 and 1966 were categorized into fetal-infant exposed group (N = 433), childhood exposed group (N = 2132), adolescence exposed group (N = 1140), and unexposed group (N = 1138), respectively...
January 3, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285439/incidence-of-endocrine-disorders-in-indian-adult-male-population
#14
K V S H Kumar, S K Patnaik
Background: The comprehensive epidemiology of endocrine disorders is lacking from our country. Most of the available data pertain to the prevalence of diabetes and thyroid disorders only. We studied the incidence of endocrine disorders in a cohort of service personnel followed for a long duration. Materials and Methods: The data for this descriptive epidemiologic study were derived from the electronic medical records of the male service personnel enrolled between 1990 and 2015...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284990/the-impact-of-risk-factors-and-comorbidities-on-the-incidence-of-atrial-fibrillation
#15
Nabil Naser, Mirza Dilic, Azra Durak, Mehmed Kulic, Esad Pepic, Elnur Smajic, Zumreta Kusljugic
Introduction: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common form of cardiac arrhythmia in clinical practice and its prevalence increases with age. Patients who develop AF also have cardiovascular risk factors, structural heart disease, and comorbidities, all of which can increase mortality. AF causes a significant economic burden with the increasing trend in AF prevalence and hospitalizations. Research Objectives: The objective of our study is to evaluate the impact of the most common known risk factors on the incidence of atrial fibrillation as an important precursor of cardiac and cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality among our patients in Bosnia and Herzegovina during median follow up period (September 2006 - September 2016)...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284569/epidemiology-of-stroke-in-costa-rica-a-7-year-hospital-based-acute-stroke-registry-of-1319-consecutive-patients
#16
Gabriel Torrealba-Acosta, Kenneth Carazo-Céspedes, Sy Han Chiou, Anthony Terrence O'Brien, Huberth Fernández-Morales
BACKGROUND: Limited data on stroke exist for Costa Rica. Therefore, we created a stroke registry out of patients with stroke seen in the Acute Stroke Unit of the Hospital Calderon Guardia. METHODS: We analyzed 1319 patients enrolled over a 7-year period, which incorporated demographic, clinical, laboratory, and neuroimaging data. RESULTS: The mean age of patients with stroke was 68.0 ± 15.5 years. Seven hundred twenty-five were men and the age range was 13-104 years...
December 25, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279270/prevalence-of-thyroid-disorders-in-north-indian-type-2-diabetic-subjects-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Maaz Ozair, Saba Noor, Alok Raghav, Sheelu Shafiq Siddiqi, Anjum Mirza Chugtai, Jamal Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a major health burden worldwide with many patients encountering thyroid dysfunction later in their life. Various studies have found that diabetes and thyroid disorders mutually influence each other and both disorders tend to coexists. However, the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction and associated clinical variables in these patients has not been investigated. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed at determining the incidence and prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in patients with T2DM in relation to age, sex, metabolic syndrome and other co-morbid conditions...
December 20, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262289/excess-clinical-comorbidity-among-hiv-infected-patients-accessing-primary-care-in-us-community-health-centers
#18
Kenneth H Mayer, Stephanie Loo, Phillip M Crawford, Heidi M Crane, Michael Leo, Paul DenOuden, Magda Houlberg, Mark Schmidt, Thu Quach, Sebastian Ruhs, Meredith Vandermeer, Chris Grasso, Mary Ann McBurnie
OBJECTIVES: As the life expectancy of people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has increased, the spectrum of illness has evolved. We evaluated whether people living with HIV accessing primary care in US community health centers had higher morbidity compared with HIV-uninfected patients receiving care at the same sites. METHODS: We compared data from electronic health records for 12 837 HIV-infected and 227 012 HIV-uninfected patients to evaluate the relative prevalence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, dyslipidemia, and malignancies by HIV serostatus...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258604/water-t2-as-an-early-global-and-practical-biomarker-for-metabolic-syndrome-an-observational-cross-sectional-study
#19
Michelle D Robinson, Ina Mishra, Sneha Deodhar, Vipulkumar Patel, Katrina V Gordon, Raul Vintimilla, Kim Brown, Leigh Johnson, Sid O'Bryant, David P Cistola
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a highly prevalent condition that identifies individuals at risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Prevention of these diseases relies on early detection and intervention in order to preserve pancreatic β-cells and arterial wall integrity. Yet, the clinical criteria for MetS are insensitive to the early-stage insulin resistance, inflammation, cholesterol and clotting factor abnormalities that characterize the progression toward type 2 diabetes and atherosclerosis...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247447/relationships-of-oxidized-hdl-with-blood-coagulation-and-fibrinolysis-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Shigeyuki Ebara, Mikio Marumo, Jun Mukai, Makoto Ohki, Kagehiro Uchida, Ichiro Wakabayashi
Although oxidization of LDL is known to be a crucial step for atherosclerotic progression, the significance of oxidized HDL remains to be clarified. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships of oxidized HDL with blood coagulation and fibrinolysis in patients with diabetes. The subjects were outpatients with type 2 diabetes (n = 163; median hemoglobin A1c, 6.9%). Activities of blood coagulation and fibrinolysis were evaluated by levels of thrombin-anti-thrombin complex (TAT) and plasmin-α2 plasmin inhibitor complex (PIC), respectively...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
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