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Dyslipidemia prevalence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150990/prevalence-of-dry-eye-disease-and-its-association-with-dyslipidemia
#1
Krishnamoorthy Rathnakumar, Kaliaperumal Ramachandran, Durairaj Baba, Venkatachalam Ramesh, Velusamy Anebaracy, Ramachandran Vidhya, Rajamanickam Vinothkumar, Ramamurthy Poovitha, Rajagopalan Geetha
BACKGROUND: Dry eye disease (DED) is a common ocular surface disease significantly affecting the quality of life of patients. The aim of our study is to focus on the prevalence of DED and to determine the relationship between dyslipidemia and DED. METHODS: The study was performed with the age group of 25-70 years, who attended the ophthalmology outpatient department at Sri Lakshmi Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences with complaints of dry eye. A standard questionnaire was taken, and tear film tests were performed to diagnose dry eye...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148894/metabolic-profile-in-patients-with-mild-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#2
Luciana Oliveira E Silva, Thais M Guimarães, Gabriela P Luz, Glaury Coelho, Luciana Badke, Ildonete R Almeida, Aline Millani-Carneiro, Sergio Tufik, Lia Bittencourt, Sonia M Togeiro
BACKGROUND: Mild obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent disorder in adults. However, it is not clear whether mild OSA has significant metabolic complications. This study examined the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) in patients with mild OSA compared to control group. METHODS: Adults (18-65 years of age) of both genders with a body mass index (BMI) ≤35 kg/m(2) were included. The mild OSA group comprised of patients with an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) score of ≥5 but ≤15 events/hr of sleep, independent of other symptoms...
November 17, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147128/the-effect-of-educational-intervention-on-weight-loss-in-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#3
Seyed Saeed Mazloomy-Mahmoodabad, Zohreh Sadat Navabi, Alireza Ahmadi, Mohsen Askarishahi
BACKGROUND: The increased prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents is associated with type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and cardiovascular diseases. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) efficiently explains the ability of perceived behavioral control and possibly attitude to enhance the motivations of the obese people to lose weight. Our aim was to investigate the effect of TPB-based education on weight loss in obese and overweight adolescents. METHODS: In an interventional study, simple random sampling was used to select 86 overweight and obese adolescents aged 13-18 years in the pediatric clinic at the Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute...
July 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145263/ldl-cholesterol-goal-attainment-under-persistent-lipid-lowering-therapy-in-northeast-china-subgroup-analysis-of-the-dyslipidemia-international-study-of-china-dysis-china
#4
Wen Zheng, Yu-Jiao Zhang, Xiang-Ting Bu, Xin-Zhu Guo, Da-Yi Hu, Zhan-Quan Li, Jian Sun
Lipid-lowering therapy with statins reduces the risk of cardiovascular events, but the efficacy of persistent treatment in a real-world setting may vary from regions. Routine lipid-lowering therapy in the region with a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease may lead to more failures of goal attainment. We therefore performed a study to observe different lipid-lowering strategies in northeast (NE) China with respect to low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) reduction and goal attainments.A cross-sectional study (DYSIS-China) was conducted in 2012, involving 25,317 patients from 122 centers across China who were diagnosed with hyperlipidemia and treated with lipid-lowering therapy for at least 3 months...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143130/two-threshold-levels-of-vitamin-d-and-the-prevalence-of-comorbidities-in-outpatients-of-a-tertiary-hospital
#5
I N Furuie, M J J Mauro, S Petruzziello, S C Riechi, R R Petterle, C L Boguszewski, V Z C Borba
This study evaluated the number of comorbidities between two normal values of 25OHD in outpatients during 1 year of 25OHD measurements. Five hundred twenty-nine outpatients were included, patients with 25OHD ≥ 20 and < 30 ng/mL had the higher number of comorbidities, suggesting that for this specific population, 25OHD ≥ 30 ng/mL would be more appropriate. INTRODUCTION : This study evaluated the comorbidities between two values of 25OHD in outpatients of a tertiary hospital. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with measures of 25OHD in 1-year period, excluding 25OHD < 20 and > 50 ng/mL, clinical research participants, and liver disease and chronic renal failure patients...
November 15, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130708/-association-between-birth-weight-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-children-of-bucaramanga-colombia
#6
Edna Magaly Gamboa Delgado, Yully Andrea Rangel-Díaz, Yareni Yunuen Gutiérrez-Gómez
BACKGROUND: Birth weight could be a medium-term risk factor in the development of overweight and obesity and a long-term risk factor of cardio-metabolic diseases. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between birth weight and cardio-metabolic risk factors in children from Bucaramanga, Colombia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1,282 children between five and eleven years of age in Bucaramanga. Dependent variables: arterial hypertension, arterial prehypertension, overweight/obesity, glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130028/sphingosine-kinases-sphingosine-1-phosphate-signaling-in-hepatic-lipid-metabolism
#7
Eric K Kwong, Xiaojiaoyang Li, Phillip B Hylemon, Huiping Zhou
The ever-increasing prevalence of metabolic diseases such as dyslipidemia and diabetes in the western world continues to be of great public health concern. Biologically active sphingolipids, such as sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) and ceramide, are important regulators of lipid metabolism. S1P not only directly functions as an active intracellular mediator, but also activates multiple signaling pathways via five transmembrane G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), S1PR1-5. S1P is exclusively formed by sphingosine kinases (SphKs)...
August 2017: Current Pharmacology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128438/renin-angiotensin-system-blockers-and-statins-are-associated-with-lower-in-hospital-mortality-in-very-elderly-hypertensives
#8
Francesco Spannella, Federico Giulietti, Paolo Balietti, Guido Cocci, Laura Landi, Francesca Elena Lombardi, Elisabetta Borioni, Beatrice Bernardi, Giulia Rosettani, Valentina Bordoni, Riccardo Sarzani
OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular diseases are mainly related to hypertension and dyslipidemia and increase with aging because of the larger time span for these risk factors to damage arterial blood vessels. The impact of cardiovascular drug therapy on outcomes in the very elderly hospitalized is still not well established. The aim of our study was to evaluate the associations between cardiovascular therapy and in-hospital mortality in very elderly hypertensives. DESIGN: Prospective observational study...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128053/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-metabolic-syndrome
#9
REVIEW
Donghee Kim, Alexis Touros, W Ray Kim
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and metabolic syndrome (MS) are highly prevalent, affecting approximately one-third of the US population. The relationship between NAFLD and MS is complex and may be bidirectionally associated. NAFLD is strongly associated with MS, the components of which include abdominal obesity, hyperglycemia, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. NAFLD associated with certain genetic factors such as the PNPLA3 G allele variant is not accompanied by insulin resistance and MS. Lifestyle modification, including diet and physical activity targeting visceral adiposity, remains the standard of care for patients with NAFLD and MS...
February 2018: Clinics in Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127228/association-between-body-mass-index-and-outcomes-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-multiethnic-south-east-asian-population-a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-malaysian-national-cardiovascular-disease-database-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-ncvd-pci
#10
Zaid Azhari, Muhammad Dzafir Ismail, Ahmad Syadi Mahmood Zuhdi, Norashikin Md Sari, Imran Zainal Abidin, Wan Azman Wan Ahmad
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in a multiethnic South East Asian population. SETTING: Fifteen participating cardiology centres contributed to the Malaysian National Cardiovascular Disease Database-Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (NCVD-PCI) registry. PARTICIPANTS: 28 742 patients from the NCVD-PCI registry who had their first PCI between January 2007 and December 2014 were included...
November 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122528/safety-of-open-ventral-hernia-repair-in-high-risk-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-multi-institutional-analysis-of-39-118-cases
#11
Dmitry Zavlin, Kevin T Jubbal, Jeffrey L Van Eps, Barbara L Bass, Warren A Ellsworth, Anthony Echo, Jeffrey D Friedman, Brian J Dunkin
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) entails the simultaneous presence of a constellation of dangerous risk factors including obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. The prevalence of MetS in Western society continues to rise and implies an elevated risk for surgical complications and/or poor surgical outcomes within the affected population. OBJECTIVE: To assess the risks and outcomes of multi-morbid patients with MetS undergoing open ventral hernia repair...
September 22, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118949/cardiovascular-disease-events-and-its-predictors-in-women-isfahan-cohort-study-ics
#12
Masoumeh Sadeghi, Azam Soleimani, Hamidreza Roohafza, Safoura Yazdekhasti, Shahram Oveisgharan, Mohammad Talaei, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
Introduction: As a lack of validated data about cardiovascular (CV) events and its risk factors (RFs) in women of Eastern Mediterranean region, we aimed to evaluate common predictors of CV events among Iranian women. Methods: Isfahan cohort study (ICS) is a prospective cohort that followed 6323 residents (51.3% women, aged 35-75 years) from three counties and their rural districts in central Iran. Common cardiovascular disease (CVD) RFs namely hypertension (HTN), diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, abdominal obesity, smoking, low apolipoproteins A ( apo-A) and high apolipoprotein B (apo-B) were evaluated...
2017: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118867/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-africa-and-middle-east-an-attempt-to-predict-the-present-and-future-implications-on-the-healthcare-system
#13
REVIEW
Mohamed H Ahmed, Sufian K Noor, Sarra O Bushara, Nazik Elmalaika Husain, Wadie M Elmadhoun, Ibrahim A Ginawi, Meissa M Osman, Abdalhafeez O Mahmoud, Ahmed O Almobarak
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) encompasses a group of hepatic diseases that range in severity. NAFLD is increasingly recognized as an epidemic among different populations, including those in Africa and the Middle East. The objective of this narrative review is to document the prevalence of and risk factors for NAFLD in Africa and the Middle East and the potential implications on the healthcare systems. An in-depth search on Google Scholar, Medline and PubMed was conducted using the terms "non-alcoholic fatty liver disease" and "non-alcoholic steatohepatitis", in addition to "prevalence and risk factors for NAFLD", with special emphasis on Africa and the Middle East countries...
October 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117920/orbital-atherectomy-treatment-of-severely-calcified-native-coronary-lesions-in-patients-with-prior-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-acute-and-one-year-outcomes-from-the-orbit-ii-trial
#14
Michael S Lee, Bynthia M Anose, Brad J Martinsen, Arthur C Lee, Richard A Shlofmitz, Jeffrey W Chambers
AIMS: Patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), with a history of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), may be at increased risk for mortality and repeat revascularization, compared with patients without prior CABG. In this post-hoc analysis of the ORBIT II trial, safety and efficacy of coronary orbital atherectomy (OA) to modify severe coronary artery calcium, prior to stent placement, was evaluated in subjects based on history of CABG. METHODS AND RESULTS: Comorbidities: diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and history of myocardial infarction (MI) were more prevalent in the CABG group...
November 5, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117624/the-role-of-lipids-in-the-pathogenesis-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-adolescents
#15
Shahnaz Taghizadeh, Mohammad Alizadeh
The increasing prevalence of childhood obesity is a driving force behind the increase in adolescent's metabolic syndrome (MetS). Although there is no clear consensus about the pediatric definition for MetS, this syndrome is becoming very common among adolescents. It is characterized by insulin resistance (IR), dyslipidemia, abdominal obesity and hypertension, and is associated with a high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and CVD in adulthood. Due to the increasing prevalence of obesity, there is strong incentive to reduce the impact of the adverse health effects associated with MetS...
November 8, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112279/nutrients-intake-and-serum-calcium-and-phosphorus-levels-an%C3%A2-evidence-based-study
#16
Zahra Jafari Giv, Amir Avan, Farshid Hamidi, Maryam Tayefi, Sayyed Saeid Khayyatzadeh, Ali Javandoost, Mohsen Nematy, Gordon A Ferns, Majid Ghayour Mobarhan
INTRODUCTION: Dietary calcium and phosphorus appear to be important determinants of dyslipidemia and hypertension. We have investigated (1) the prevalence of hypocalcemia and hypophosphatemia in an Iranian population, and (2) the association between nutrient's intake and serum levels of calcium and phosphorus. METHODS: A total of 908 individuals were enrolled using a stratified-cluster sampling method from the Mashhad stroke and heart atherosclerosis disorder (MASHHAD) study...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109861/association-of-smoking-with-prevalence-of-common-diseases-and-metabolic-abnormalities-in-community-dwelling-japanese-individuals
#17
Chikara Ueyama, Hideki Horibe, Yuichiro Yamase, Tetsuo Fujimaki, Mitsutoshi Oguri, Kimihiko Kato, Yoshiji Yamada
Smoking is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Given that certain common pathologies, including hypertension, dyslipidemia and type 2 diabetes mellitus, are major risk factors for CVDs, the association of smoking with CVDs may be attributable, at least in part, to its effects on common diseases. The aim of the present study was to determine the association of smoking with the prevalence of common diseases and metabolic abnormalities in community-dwelling Japanese individuals. The study included 5,959 subjects (1,302 current smokers, 1,418 past smokers and 3,239 nonsmokers) recruited to the Inabe Health and Longevity Study, a longitudinal genetic epidemiological study of atherosclerotic, cardiovascular and metabolic diseases...
November 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108349/excessive-daytime-sleepiness-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-men-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-large-cross-sectional-study
#18
Yiqun Fu, Huajun Xu, Yunyan Xia, Yingjun Qian, Xinyi Li, Jianyin Zou, Yuyu Wang, Lili Meng, Xulan Tang, Huaming Zhu, Huiqun Zhou, Kaiming Su, Dongzhen Yu, Hongliang Yi, Jian Guan, Shankai Yin
Purpose: Excessive daytime sleepiness is a common symptom in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Previous studies have showed that excessive daytime sleepiness is associated with some individual components of metabolic syndrome. We performed a large cross-sectional study to explore the relationship between excessive daytime sleepiness and metabolic syndrome in male OSA patients. Methods: A total of 2241 suspected male OSA patients were consecutively recruited from 2007 to 2013...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100781/estrogens-and-female-liver-health
#19
Karen L Chen, Zeynep Madak-Erdogan
Due to declining estrogen levels during menopause, NAFLD prevalence is higher in postmenopausal women compared to in premenopausal women or in men. Postmenopausal women are more susceptible to weight gain, fat redistribution and dyslipidemia, all major hallmarks of metabolic syndrome associated with increased NAFLD risk. Gut microbiota plays important roles in development of gastrointestinal tract, metabolism and immunity. Host-microbe interactions allows regulation of a wide range of pathways that affect healthy and diseased physiology...
November 1, 2017: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096615/control-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-its-determinants-in-the-general-population-findings-from-the-staab-cohort-study
#20
Theresa Tiffe, Martin Wagner, Viktoria Rücker, Caroline Morbach, Götz Gelbrich, Stefan Störk, Peter U Heuschmann
BACKGROUND: While data from primary care suggest an insufficient control of vascular risk factors, little is known about vascular risk factor control in the general population. We therefore aimed to investigate the adoption of adequate risk factor control and its determinants in the general population free of cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: Data from the Characteristics and Course of Heart Failure Stages A-B and Determinants of Progression (STAAB) Cohort Study, a population-based study of inhabitants aged 30 to 79 years from the general population of Würzburg (Germany), were used...
November 2, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
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