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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210489/arterial-ventricular-coupling-and-parameters-of-vascular-stiffness-in-hypertensive-patients-role-of-gender
#1
Luca Faconti, Rosa Maria Bruno, Simona Buralli, Marta Barzacchi, Elisa Dal Canto, Lorenzo Ghiadoni, Stefano Taddei
OBJECTIVE: Non-invasive estimation of arterial-ventricular coupling has been extensively used for the evaluation of cardiovascular performance, however, a relative small amount of data is available regarding arterial-ventricular coupling and its components in hypertension. The present study was designed to investigate the relationship between left ventricular elastance, arterial elastance, parameters of vascular stiffness and the influence of gender in a population of hypertensive individuals...
January 2017: JRSM Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209375/suboptimal-achievement-of-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-targets-in-french-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-contemporary-data-from-the-dysis-ii-acs-chd-study
#2
Jean Ferrières, Maja Velkovski Rouyer, Dominik Lautsch, Veronica Ashton, Baishali M Ambegaonkar, Philippe Brudi, Anselm K Gitt
BACKGROUND: European guidelines recommend a low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) target of<1.8mmol/L (70mg/dL), and/or a≥50% reduction when the target level cannot be reached, for patients at very high cardiovascular risk, and high-potency lipid-lowering therapy (LLT) in patients with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). AIM: To document the prevalence of lipid abnormalities and the achievement of lipid targets among patients surviving an ACS and in patients with stable coronary heart disease (CHD), using data from the DYSIS II study...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202888/sarcopenia-and-its-relationship-with-falling-among-outpatients-attending-a-geriatric-and-memory-clinic-at-kyorin-university-hospital
#3
Masamichi Tanaka, Kumiko Nagai, Hitomi Koshiba, Toshifumi Matui, Koichi Kozaki
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of sarcopenia in outpatients attending a geriatric and memory clinic and to investigate its relationship with falling. METHODS: We investigated the prevalence of sarcopenia (according to the EWGSOP criteria) among 283 outpatients that were all ≥65 years of age, and who attended the geriatric and memory clinic at Kyorin University Hospital. We also examined comorbidities, CGA items, and fall-related measures, and analyzed the relationships between these factors and sarcopenia...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201826/adiposity-indexes-as-phenotype-specific-markers-of-preclinical-metabolic-alterations-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Fernanda Missio Mario, Scheila Karen Graff, Poli Mara Spritzer
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition in women of reproductive age. 2 PCOS phenotypes (classic and ovulatory) are currently recognized as the most prevalent, with important differences in terms of cardiometabolic features. We studied the performance of different adiposity indexes to predict preclinical metabolic alterations and cardiovascular risk in 234 women with PCOS (173 with classic and 61 with ovulatory PCOS) and 129 controls. Performance of waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio, conicity index, lipid accumulation product, and visceral adiposity index was assessed based on HOMA-IR ≥ 3...
February 15, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197293/the-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients
#5
Farzaneh Montazerifar, Ahmad Bolouri, Milad Mahmoudi Mozaffar, Mansour Karajibani
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a worldwide health problem, which is growing in Iranian adults. MetS is associated with risk of type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease (CAD). In this study, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of MetS and its individual components in CAD patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on 200 CAD patients who had undergone elective coronary angiography at the cardiology department. Anthropometric indices including waist circumference (WC) and body mass index were measured...
December 2016: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192105/adolescent-obesity-and-insulin-resistance-roles-of-ectopic-fat-accumulation-and-adipose-inflammation
#6
Sonia Caprio, Rachel Perry, Romy Kursawe
As a consequence of the global rise in the prevalence of Adolescent Obesity, an unprecedented phenomenon of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) has emerged in pediatrics. At the heart of T2D development lies a key metabolic derangement: Insulin Resistance (IR) . Despite the widespread occurrence of IR affecting an unmeasurable number of youths worldwide, its pathogenesis remains elusive. IR in obese youth is a complex phenomenon that defies explanation by a single pathway. In this review we first describe recent data on the prevalence, severity, and racial/ethnic differences in Pediatric Obesity...
February 9, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191654/epidemiology-and-cardiovascular-comorbidities-in-patients-with-psoriasis-a-korean-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Eui Hyun Oh, Young Suck Ro, Jeong Eun Kim
There is a lack of nationwide studies examining the epidemiology and comorbidities of psoriasis vulgaris (PsV) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in Asian populations. The purpose of this study is to determine the demographics of psoriasis in Korea along with the incidence of cerebro-cardiovascular (CV) comorbidities and to compare these risks between populations with PsA and with PsV. This cohort study identified 15 484 patients with psoriasis among 855 003 subjects in the Korean National Health Insurance Database from 2002 through 2010...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186844/prevalence-of-calcified-carotid-artery-atheromas-on-panoramic-images-of-older-men-with-gout-a-descriptive-retrospective-study
#8
Arthur H Friedlander, Lindsay L Graves, Shannon C Grabich, Nona Aghazadeh-Sanai, Tina I Chang
OBJECTIVES: Given the enhanced risk of ischemic stroke resulting from the direct effects of hyperuricemia on vascular plaque formation seen among older males with gout we sought to determine the prevalence of calcified carotid artery atheromas (CCAA) on their panoramic images. METHODS: Medical records librarians identified all male patients over age 45 who had a diagnosis of gout and a panoramic image incidentally obtained between 2000-2015. The prevalence rate of CCAA on technically appropriate images was determined as were these patients' atherogenic risk profiles including: age, BMI, hypertension, dyslipidemia...
February 10, 2017: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181781/thyroid-dysfunction-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#9
Zoe A Efstathiadou, Marina D Kita, Stergios A Polyzos
Thyroid hormones are crucial for hepatic lipid and glucose metabolism. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a very common and potentially serious disease of modern society, shares common clinical features with hypothyroidism, such as obesity, insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. Furthermore, in certain studies, increased prevalence of hypothyroidism was observed in patients with NAFLD. However, whether there is a linear relationship between thyroid hormone levels and NAFLD incidence and severity, including values within or in proximity to the reference range remains a contradictory subject in the literature...
February 9, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178759/association-between-poor-psychosocial-conditions-and-diabetic-nephropathy-in-japanese-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Hiroyo Ninomiya, Naoto Katakami, Taka-Aki Matsuoka, Mitsuyoshi Takahara, Hitoshi Nishizawa, Norikazu Maeda, Michio Ohtsuki, Akihisa Imagawa, Hiroyasu Iso, Tetsuya Ohira, Iichiro Shimomura
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: It is suggested that positive psychosocial condition has a good effect on health and glycemic control. However, there has been no research to evaluate the association between positive psychosocial factors and diabetic nephropathy (DN). The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between psychosocial factors and DN in patients with type 2 diabetes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To assess psychosocial condition, 6 indicators (Happiness score, LOT-R score as an indicator of dispositional optimism, Laughter frequency, Self-awareness of stress, Social network, and Social support) were assessed by self-administered questionnaire, and associations between these psychosocial indicators and the presence of DN were examined...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168401/dyslipidemia-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#11
Melinda Zsuzsanna Szabó, Peter Szodoray, Emese Kiss
Cardiovascular disease is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Accelerated atherosclerosis is related to traditional (age, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, obesity, smoking, and positive family history) and non-traditional, disease-related factors. Traditional risk factors are still more prominent in patients with lupus, as both hypertension and hypercholesterinemia were independently associated with premature atherosclerosis in several SLE cohorts...
February 7, 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164885/a-study-of-the-association-of-acanthosis-nigricans-with-subclinical-atherosclerosis
#12
Elizabeth Guevara-Gutiérrez, Alberto Tlacuilo-Parra, Pedro Gutiérrez-Fajardo, Tania Sánchez-Tenorio, Fernando Barba-Gómez, Alejandra Miranda-Díaz
BACKGROUND: Hyperinsulinism is related to the presence of acanthosis nigricans and atherosclerosis; however, we were unable to find any study on the prevalence of atherosclerosis in acanthosis nigricans. AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of carotid atherosclerosis and metabolic alterations in Mexican patients with acanthosis nigricans. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional study that included 45 patients with acanthosis nigricans, age- and gender-matched with 45 healthy participants...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163932/dyslipidemia-in-patients-with-a-cardiovascular-risk-and-disease-at-the-university-teaching-hospital-of-yaound%C3%A3-cameroon
#13
Vicky Jocelyne Ama Moor, Sylvie Ndongo Amougou, Sebastien Ombotto, Felicien Ntone, Doriane Edna Wouamba, Bernadette Ngo Nonga
Objective. To determine the frequency of lipid abnormalities in patients with a cardiovascular risk and disease at the University Teaching Hospital (UTH) of Yaoundé. Materials and Methods. We conducted a cross-sectional study from 1 March to 31 May 2015 at the UTH of Yaoundé. We included all patients seen in the outpatient department with a diagnosis of a cardiovascular disease or a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Patients who accepted to participate in the study were asked to answer a questionnaire; after that a blood sample was taken for lipid profile...
2017: International Journal of Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160394/cardiovascular-morbidity-and-mortality-after-liver-transplantation-the-protective-role-of-mycophenolate-mofetil
#14
D D'Avola, V Cuervas-Mons, J Martí, J Ortiz de Urbina, L Lladó, C Jimenez, E Otero, F Suarez, J M Rodrigo, M A Gómez, E Fraga, P Lopez, T Serrano, A Rios, E Fábrega, J I Herrero
: Cardiovascular (CV) diseases are recognized long-term causes of death after liver transplantation (LT). The objective of this multicenter study was to analyse the prevalence and the evolution of CV risk factors and CV morbidity and mortality in 1819 liver transplant recipients along 5 years after LT. The influence of baseline variables on survival, morbidity and mortality was studied. There was a continuous and significant increase of the prevalence of all the CV risk factors (except smoking) after LT...
February 3, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138358/role-of-lipid-lowering-agents-in-the-management-of-diabetic-retinopathy
#15
EDITORIAL
Estelle Ioannidou, Vasilis-Spyridon Tseriotis, Konstantinos Tziomalos
Diabetic retinopathy affects a substantial proportion of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and is the leading cause of blindness in working-aged adults. Even though the incidence of diabetic retinopathy has declined in the last decades, its prevalence increased and is expected to rise further as a result of the increasing incidence of type 2 DM (T2DM) and the longer life expectancy of patients with DM. The pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy is multifactorial. Some observational studies suggested an association between dyslipidemia and the development and progression of retinopathy in patients with DM but others did not confirm this association...
January 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134311/prevalence-and-predictors-of-atherogenic-serum-lipoprotein-dyslipidemia-in-women-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#16
Yunyan Xia, Yiqun Fu, Yuyu Wang, Yingjun Qian, Xinyi Li, Huajun Xu, Jianyin Zou, Jian Guan, Hongliang Yi, Lili Meng, Xulan Tang, Huaming Zhu, Dongzhen Yu, Huiqun Zhou, Kaiming Su, Shankai Yin
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with dyslipidemia. However, no study has focused on dyslipidemia in women with OSA. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors for dyslipidemia in women with OSA. Between 2007 and 2013, 570 eligible female patients with suspected OSA were consecutively recruited. The analyzed data consisted of polysomnography parameters, biochemical indicators, and anthropometric measurements. Serum lipid levels and dyslipidemia were compared. Binary logistic regression and multivariate linear regression models were used to determine the independent risk factors influencing serum lipids...
January 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133687/gender-differences-in-risk-profile-and-outcome-of-middle-eastern-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#17
Mohamad I Jarrah, Ayman J Hammoudeh, Dalal B Al-Natour, Yousef S Khader, Ramzi A Tabbalat, Imad A Alhaddad, Susan M Kullab
To determine the gender differences in cardiovascular risk profile and outcomes among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: In a prospective multicenter study of consecutive Middle Eastern patients managed with PCI from January 2013 to February 2014 in 12 tertiary care centers in Amman and Irbid, Jordan. Clinical and coronary angiographic features, and major cardiovascular events were assessed for both genders from hospital stay to 1 year. Results: Women comprised 20.6% of 2426 enrolled patients, were older (mean age 62...
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131807/-prevalence-and-extension-of-coronary-artery-calcification-in-cardiovascular-asymptomatic-mexican-population-genetics-of-atherosclerotic-disease-study
#18
Carlos Posadas-Romero, Fabiola López-Bautista, Marco A Rodas-Díaz, Rosalinda Posadas-Sánchez, Eric Kimura-Hayama, Juan G Juárez-Rojas, Aida X Medina-Urrutia, Guillermo C Cardoso-Saldaña, Gilberto Vargas-Alarcón, Esteban Jorge-Galarza
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of coronary artery calcification (CAC), a specific marker of atherosclerosis, is unknown in Mexico. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence and quantity of CAC and its associations with cardiovascular risk factors in Mexican population. METHODS: CAC was measured by multidetector computed tomography in asymptomatic subjects who participated in the Genetics of Atherosclerotic Disease study. Cardiovascular risk factors and medication were recorded...
January 25, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130624/psychosocial-factors-in-the-relationship-between-socioeconomic-status-and-cardiometabolic-risk-the-hchs-sol-sociocultural-ancillary-study
#19
Jessica L McCurley, Frank Penedo, Scott C Roesch, Carmen R Isasi, Mercedes Carnethon, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Neil Schneiderman, Patricia Gonzalez, Diana A Chirinos, Alvaro Camacho, Yanping Teng, Linda C Gallo
BACKGROUND: U.S. Hispanics/Latinos display a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetSyn), a group of co-occurring cardiometabolic risk factors (abdominal obesity, impaired fasting glucose, dyslipidemia, elevated blood pressure) associated with higher cardiovascular disease and mortality risk. Low socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with higher risk for MetSyn in Hispanics/Latinos, and psychosocial factors may play a role in this relationship. PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study examined psychosocial factors in the association of SES and MetSyn components in 4,996 Hispanic/Latino adults from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) Sociocultural Ancillary Study...
January 27, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128316/six-year-changes-in-the-prevalence-of-obesity-and-obesity-related-diseases-in-northeastern-china-from-2007-to-2013
#20
Jing Wu, Hongqin Xu, Xiuting He, Yi Yuan, Chunyan Wang, Jie Sun, Shumei He, Junqi Niu
Obesity and obesity-related diseases are important public health challenges. In this study, we aimed to provide updated trends in the prevalence of these conditions. We conducted two independent cross-sectional surveys of the general population aged 20-75 years in 2007 and 2013 in Jilin, China. A total of 3636 (1719 males) and 1359 (602 males) participants were enrolled in the 2007 and 2013 surveys, respectively. Obesity-related diseases were defined as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)...
January 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
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