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Dyslipidemia prevalence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924542/association-of-the-apolipoprotein-a-i-gene-polymorphisms-with-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-atherogenic-indices-in-patients-from-assam-northeast-india
#1
K Bora, M S Pathak, P Borah, Md I Hussain, D Das
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, and particularly decreased high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) dyslipidemia are prevalent in Assam, India. This study was undertaken to investigate whether Apolipoprotein A-I (APOA1) gene polymorphisms (G-75A and C+83T) were associated with i) the risk for decreased HDL-C, and ii) other CVD risk factors, viz. serum lipids, atherogenic indices, obesity, and blood pressure (BP). A total of 649 subjects were screened, from which 200 eligible individuals, classified as case group with decreased HDL-C levels (100 subjects) and control group with normal HDL-C levels (100 subjects) were enrolled and genotyped using polymersase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and DNA sequencing...
June 30, 2017: Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics: BJMG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923171/potential-early-biomarkers-of-sarcopenia-among-independent-older-adults
#2
Ana Coto Montes, José Antonio Boga, Carlos Bermejo Millo, Adrián Rubio González, Yaiza Potes Ochoa, Ignacio Vega Naredo, Marta Martínez Reig, Luis Romero Rizos, Pedro Manuel Sánchez Jurado, Juan Jose Solano, Pedro Abizanda, Beatriz Caballero
OBJECTIVES: There are no tools or biomarkers for a quantitative analysis of sarcopenia. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of the diagnosis of sarcopenia in 200 independent adults aged 70 years or over. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Sarcopenia was defined as loss of muscle mass together with low strength and/or loss of physical performance. We considered different clinical parameters and assayed potential blood biomarkers (cell energetic metabolism, muscle performance, inflammation, infection and oxidative stress)...
October 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914694/the-association-of-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#3
Mohammad M Asfari, Fadi Niyazi, Rocio Lopez, Srinivasan Dasarathy, Arthur J McCullough
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and abnormal liver enzymes has been reported in multiple studies. The existing literature regarding the relationship between OSA and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is conflicting. Thus we aimed to determine the relationship between OSA and NASH from a large database. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed using the 2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample. We identified adult patients (18-90 years) who had a diagnosis of OSA using the International Classification of Diseases 9th version codes...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904253/genetic-variants-of-ramp2-and-clr-are-associated-with-stroke
#4
Teruhide Koyama, Nagato Kuriyama, Etsuko Ozaki, Daisuke Matsui, Isao Watanabe, Wakiko Takeshita, Komei Iwai, Yoshiyuki Watanabe, Masahiro Nakatochi, Chisato Shimanoe, Keitaro Tanaka, Isao Oze, Hidemi Ito, Hirokazu Uemura, Sakurako Katsuura-Kamano, Rie Ibusuki, Ippei Shimoshikiryo, Naoyuki Takashima, Aya Kadota, Sayo Kawai, Tae Sasakabe, Rieko Okada, Asahi Hishida, Mariko Naito, Kiyonori Kuriki, Kaori Endoh, Norihiro Furusyo, Hiroaki Ikezaki, Sadao Suzuki, Akihiro Hosono, Haruo Mikami, Yohko Nakamura, Michiaki Kubo, Kenji Wakai
AIM: Stroke is associated closely with vascular homeostasis, and several complex processes and interacting pathways, which involve various genetic and environmental factors, contribute to the risk of stroke. Although adrenomedullin (ADM) has a number of physiological and vasoprotective functions, there are few studies of the ADM receptor system in humans. The ADM receptor comprises a calcitonin-receptor-like receptor (CLR) and receptor activity-modifying proteins (RAMPs). We analyzed single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the RAMP2 and CLR genes to determine their association with stroke in the light of gene-environment interactions...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898874/associations-between-liver-enzyme-levels-and-parameters-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-obese-children
#5
Christiane S Hampe, Michele L Shaffer, Christian L Roth
BACKGROUND: Obesity is strongly associated with insulin resistance, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and therefore risk for metabolic syndrome (MetS), which is an increasing problem in youth. The potential role of elevated liver enzyme levels in this context needs to be further investigated. METHODS: This paper provides a post hoc analysis of a cross-sectional study of 77 obese nondiabetic children (51% female; median age 11.7 years; BMI >97th percentile) enrolled at the University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany...
September 12, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898334/-effects-of-a-lower-body-weight-or-waist-circumference-on-cardiovascular-risk
#6
Ana María Labraña, Eliana Durán, María Adela Martínez, Ana María Leiva, Alex Garrido-Méndez, Ximena Díaz, Carlos Salas, Carlos Celis-Morales
BACKGROUND: Overall and central obesity are important risk factors for cardiovascular disease. AIM: To investigate the association of body weight, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) with cardiovascular risk factors in Chile. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included 5,157 participants from the National Health Survey 2009-2010. Prevalence of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, metabolic syndrome and dyslipidemia (high total cholesterol and triglyceride levels and low HDL-cholesterol) were defined using international recommendations...
May 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895641/relationship-between-oxidative-stress-inflammation-and-dyslipidemia-with-fatty-liver-index-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Aleksandra Klisic, Aleksandra Isakovic, Gordana Kocic, Nebojsa Kavaric, Milovan Jovanovic, Elvir Zvrko, Verica Skerovic, Ana Ninic
Introduction/Aim Considering the high prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2), we aimed to investigate the potential benefit of determining markers of oxidative stress, inflammation and dyslipidemia for prediction of NAFLD, as estimated with fatty liver index (FLI) in individuals with DM2. Methods A total of 139 individuals with DM2 (of them 49.9% females) were enrolled in cross-sectional study. Anthropometric and biochemical parameters, as well as blood pressure were obtained...
September 11, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895638/gender-and-age-differences-in-lipid-profile-among-chinese-adults-in-nanjing-a-retrospective-study-of-over-230-000-individuals-from-2009-to-2015
#8
Tianwei Gu, Weihong Zhou, Jie Sun, Jing Wang, Dalong Zhu, Yan Bi
Background Previous national survey suggested that dyslipidemia is an increasing burden in China and more severe in urban population. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the gender and age differences in lipids and lipoproteins in a large Chinese urban population in Nanjing city. Methods A total of 236, 945 adults (age ≥20 years old) who undertook a health check between 2009 and 2015 in our medical examination center were involved in the analysis. Fasting total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and triglyceride (TG) were measured by standard methods...
September 11, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893559/twenty-four-hour-urinary-cortisol-excretion-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-prednisolone-treated-renal-transplant-recipients
#9
Laura V de Vries, Wilhelmina H A de Jong, Daan J Touw, Stefan P Berger, Gerjan Navis, Ido P Kema, Stephan J L Bakker
Chronic prednisolone treatment in renal transplant recipients (RTR) causes metabolic abnormalities, which cluster in the metabolic syndrome (MS). It also suppresses the hypothalamic-pituitaryadrenal (HPA)-axis. We investigated whether HPA-axis suppression, as measured by 24h urinary cortisol excretion, is associated with presence of the MS and its individual components, in outpatient RTR with a functioning graft for >1year. Urinary cortisol was measured in 24h urine, using LC-MS/MS (LOQ 0.30nmol/L). We included 563 RTR (age 51±12years; 54% male) at median 6...
September 8, 2017: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892990/prevalence-of-acanthosis-nigricans-and-related-factors-in-iranian-obese-children
#10
Fatemeh Sayarifard, Azadeh Sayarifard, Bahar Allahverdi, Sara Ipakchi, Mastaneh Moghtaderi, Bahareh Yaghmaei
INTRODUCTION: Recognition of Acanthosis nigricans (AN) provides important opportunities for screening of obesity syndrome, dyslipidemia, hypertension and insulin resistance with diabetes mellitus 2. Considering the high prevalence of obesity among Iranian children, we designed this study to estimate the prevalence of AN and related laboratory factors in Iranian obese children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-one obese children were enrolled in this study. Diagnosis of AN was done by clinical examination...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892959/prevalence-of-conventional-risk-factors-and-evaluation-of-baseline-indices-among-young-and-elderly-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#11
Arsalan Majeed Adam, Aiman Rehan, Nageen Waseem, Unzela Iqbal, Hira Saleem, Muhammad Armughan Ali, Ali Tariq Shaikh, Ansab Godil
INTRODUCTION: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, manifesting in a variety of clinical spectrums such as an asymptomatic disease or acute coronary syndrome. It has become highly prevalent in Southeast Asia, including Pakistan. There has been little work done on the prevalence of traditional risk factors in different age groups and genders and there is a dire need to gauge the importance of baseline indices in CAD patients. AIM: To determine the prevalence of conventional risk factors and evaluate the variations in lipid profiles, electrolyte levels and haematological indices among patients with CAD in different age groups and gender...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891536/urine-osmolality-in-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-positive-subjects-in-southeast-nigeria
#12
E N Anyabolu, I I Chukwuonye, I Ezeani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Urine osmolality varies over a wide range of values in a healthy state. Dilute urine or concentrated urine may be observed in many environmental, physiologic, and disease conditions. Urine osmolality is not commonly evaluated in routine clinical practice and in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) subjects. The factors that influence urine osmolality have not been completely identified. The aim of this study was to evaluate urine osmolality in treatment-naïve HIV subjects and to identify the factors that may influence dilute and concentrated urine in this group of patients...
August 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887251/metabolic-syndrome-but-not-obesity-adversely-affects-outcomes-after-open-aortoiliac-bypass-surgery
#13
Akiko Tanaka, Alexa Perlick, Charles C Miller, Harleen K Sandhu, Shaikh Afaq, Hazim J Safi, Ali Azizzadeh, Kristofer M Charlton-Ouw
OBJECTIVE: Although the incident risk of peripheral artery disease increases in patients with metabolic syndrome, several authors report favorable outcomes in obese patients after arterial bypass surgery. We examine the effect of the so-called "obesity paradox" and metabolic syndrome on outcomes after open aortoiliac bypass surgery. METHODS: We identified patients between 2004 and 2015 who had open surgical bypass for aortoiliac occlusive disease. We excluded patients with endovascular repair and those treated primarily for aneurysmal disease...
September 5, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886060/benzene-exposure-is-associated-with-cardiovascular-disease-risk
#14
Wesley Abplanalp, Natasha DeJarnett, Daniel W Riggs, Daniel J Conklin, James P McCracken, Sanjay Srivastava, Zhengzhi Xie, Shesh Rai, Aruni Bhatnagar, Timothy E O'Toole
Benzene is a ubiquitous, volatile pollutant present at high concentrations in toxins (e.g. tobacco smoke) known to increase cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Despite its prevalence, the cardiovascular effects of benzene have rarely been studied. Hence, we examined whether exposure to benzene is associated with increased CVD risk. The effects of benzene exposure in mice were assessed by direct inhalation, while the effects of benzene exposure in humans was assessed in 210 individuals with mild to high CVD risk by measuring urinary levels of the benzene metabolite trans,trans-muconic acid (t,t-MA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881179/correlation-of-body-mass-index-z-scores-with-glucose-and-lipid-profiles-among-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents
#15
Carlos Alberto Nogueira-de-Almeida, Elza Daniel de Mello
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of abnormalities in plasma lipid and glucose profiles among overweight and obese children and adolescents, and to assess the presence of a correlation between body mass index Z-scores and indicators of comorbidities related to both profiles. METHODS: This was a multicenter cross-sectional study conducted at two outpatient clinics. The study included all 417 comers for the first visit from 2008 to 2012, aged between 7 and 18 years, with BMI above the Z-score +1...
September 4, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878942/medication-adherence-and-glycemic-control-among-newly-diagnosed-diabetes-patients
#16
Lee-Kai Lin, Yan Sun, Bee Hoon Heng, Daniel Ek Kwang Chew, Phui-Nah Chong
BACKGROUND: Poor medication adherence can have negative consequences for the patients, the provider, the physician, and the sustainability of the healthcare system. To our knowledge, the association between medication adherence and glycemic control among newly diagnosed diabetes patients has not been studied. This study aims to bridge the gap. METHOD: This is a retrospective cohort study of 2463 patients managed in the National Healthcare Group in Singapore with newly diagnosed diabetes...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869151/energy-expenditure-body-composition-and-prevalence-of-metabolic-disorders-in-patients-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#17
Carola Saure, Carolina Caminiti, Julieta Weglinski, Fernanda de Castro Perez, Soledad Monges
INTRODUCTION: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a severe muscular disease characterized by progressive loss of functional muscle mass followed by changes in body composition. AIM: To describe body composition, resting energy expenditure (REE), and metabolic disorders in DMD patients followed-up at a tertiary care center. To analyze the association with type of steroid and ambulatory status, and to compare obese DMD patients with patients with multifactorial obesity...
August 26, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865501/female-psychological-adjustment-following-an-acute-coronary-syndrome
#18
Joana Prata, Amadeu Quelhas Martins, Sónia Ramos, Francisco Rocha-Gonçalves, Rui Coelho
INTRODUCTION: The outcomes of cardiovascular disease are consistently worse among women, regardless of age or disease severity. Such trend might arise from psychosocial factors, which should be examined in this population. Obective: To evaluate the influence of type-D personality on anxiety and depression symptoms reported by female patients after a first acute coronary syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: As part of a larger study, 34 female patients with a first acute coronary syndrome were compared with 43 controls on psychosocial measures (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; type-D personality, DS - 14)...
May 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855169/follicle-stimulating-hormone-its-association-with-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-and-10-year-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-postmenopausal-women
#19
Ningjian Wang, Hongfang Shao, Yi Chen, Fangzhen Xia, Chen Chi, Qin Li, Bing Han, Yincheng Teng, Yingli Lu
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in postmenopausal women. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) shows negative associations with obesity and diabetes mellitus in postmenopausal women. We aimed to study the associations between FSH and 10-year risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) in postmenopausal women. METHODS AND RESULTS: SPECT-China (the Survey on Prevalence in East China for Metabolic Diseases and Risk Factors) is a 22-site, population-based study conducted during 2014-2015...
August 30, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854950/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-with-prader-willi-syndrome-a-single-center-experience
#20
Aram Yang, Jinsup Kim, Sung Yoon Cho, Dong-Kyu Jin
BACKGROUND: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is often related to severe obesity and type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, few studies, and none in Korea, have examined prevalence of T2DM and other variables in PWS. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence and associated risk factors for T2DM in Korean patients with PWS. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of the 84 PWS patients aged 10 or over (10.3-35.8 years of age) diagnosed with PWS at Samsung Medical Center from 1994 to 2016...
August 30, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
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