Read by QxMD icon Read


Fernando Fernández-Bañares, Beatriz Arau, Romina Dieli-Crimi, Mercè Rosinach, Concepción Nuñez, Maria Esteve
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Janaína Guilhem Muniz, Vera Lucia Sdepanian, Ulysses Fagundes
Background: Celiac disease is a permanent intolerance induced by gluten, which is expressed by T-cell mediated enteropathy, and has a high prevalence in the general population. There is evidence of a strong genetic predisposition to celiac disease. Objective: To determine the prevalence of genetic markers HLA-DQ2 and HLA-DQ8 in blood donors from São Paulo and measure human recombinant tissue transglutaminase antibody IgA class in HLA-DQ2 and HLA-DQ8 positive donors...
October 2016: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Christian Barmeyer, Michael Schumann, Tim Meyer, Christina Zielinski, Torsten Zuberbier, Britta Siegmund, Jörg-Dieter Schulzke, Severin Daum, Reiner Ullrich
PURPOSE: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is common but therapies are unsatisfactory. Food is often suspected as cause by patients, but diagnostic procedures, apart from allergy testing, are limited. Based on the hypothesis of non-celiac wheat sensitivity (WS) in a subgroup of IBS patients, we tested the long-term response to a gluten-free diet (GFD) and investigated HLA-DQ2 or -DQ8 expression as a diagnostic marker for WS in diarrhea-dominant (IBS-D) and mixed-type IBS (IBS-M). METHODS: The response to a GFD served as reference test for WS and HLA-DQ2/8 expression was determined as index test...
September 30, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Sandra Aguayo-Patrón, Lizbeth Beltrán-Sauceda, Ana María Calderón de la Barca
Genotyping of HLA-DQ2 and DQ8 haplotypes is important for diagnosis or for screening of early risk detection of celiac disease or type 1 diabetes. Usually, venous blood DNA extraction and expensive and time consuming amplification are used, that hinder population-wide studies. We assayed a friendly HLA-DQ2 and DQ8 genotyping procedure using a combination of DNA from dried blood spot (DBS) and duplex allele-specific qPCR amplification using SYBR Green. DNA was extracted using home-made buffers and compared to an extraction commercial kit...
November 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Widya A Wahab, Tanja Šuligoj, Julia Ellis, Beatriz Côrtez-Real, Paul J Ciclitira
Coeliac disease (CD) is an inflammatory disorder of the small intestine. It includes aberrant adaptive immunity with presentation of CD toxic gluten peptides by HLA-DQ2 or DQ8 molecules to gluten-sensitive T cells. A ω-gliadin/C-hordein peptide (QPFPQPEQPFPW) and a rye-derived secalin peptide (QPFPQPQQPIPQ) were proposed to be toxic in CD, as they yielded positive responses when assessed with peripheral blood T-cell clones derived from individuals with CD. We sought to assess the immunogenicity of the candidate peptides using gluten-sensitive T-cell lines obtained from CD small intestinal biopsies...
August 2016: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Nicholas J Fordham, Richa Ajitsaria, Leena Karnik, Subarna Chakravorty
BACKGROUND: This is the first documented case of a patient with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in association with coeliac disease. There was complete clinical and biochemical remission of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis following the introduction of a gluten-free diet. CASE PRESENTATION: A 7-year-old white girl presented with fevers and maculopapular rash with a recent history of tonsillitis. Blood tests revealed thrombocytopenia (64×10(9)/L), anemia (80 g/L), hypofibrinogenemia (1 g/L), and hyperferritinemia (71,378 μg/L)...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Imran Aziz, Mohammad F Peerally, Jodie-Hannah Barnes, Vigneswaran Kandasamy, Jack C Whiteley, David Partridge, Patricia Vergani, Simon S Cross, Peter H Green, David S Sanders
BACKGROUND: Seronegative villous atrophy (SNVA) is commonly attributed to coeliac disease (CD). However, there are other causes of SNVA. More recently angiotensin-2-receptor-blockers (A2RBs) have been reported as an association but data on SNVA have been limited to centres evaluating complex case referrals and not SNVA in general. OBJECTIVES: To provide clinical outcomes and associations in a large prospective study overseeing all newcomers with SNVA. DESIGN: Over a 15-year period (2000-2015) we evaluated 200 adult patients with SNVA at a UK centre...
September 7, 2016: Gut
Thanita Thammarakcharoen, Nattiya Hirankarn, Taninee Sahakitrungruang, Thanunrat Thongmee, Pavinee Kuptawintu, Sriprapai Kanoonthong, Voranush Chongsrisawat
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) have an increased risk for celiac disease (CD). Both diseases have a common genetic susceptibility locus in the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II alleles. Testing for tissue transglutaminase antibodies (anti-tTG) is highly accurate for CD diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of HLA-DQB1*0201/02and DQB1*0302 alleles and anti-tTG seropositivity in children with T1DM. METHODS: Forty-six children with T1DM (male:female=24:22; mean age 12±3...
August 16, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
Murat Çakir, Seçil Cezaroğlu, Ümit Çobanoğlu
BACKGROUND/AIM: Chronic constipation (CC) and celiac disease (CD) are the most common conditions encountered in pediatric gastroenterology. The association of these two disorders has not been evaluated properly. We analyzed the prevalence and outcome of CD in children with CC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included children with CC (n = 313) and healthy children (n = 990). Serum IgA and IgA antitissue transglutaminase antibodies (IgA-tTG) were studied in all subjects...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Tom van Gils, Tine van de Donk, Gerd Bouma, Foke van Delft, E Andra Neefjes-Borst, Chris J J Mulder
OBJECTIVE: Collagenous sprue (CS) is a rare form of small bowel enteropathy characterised by a thickened basement membrane and is, in most of the literature, reported as part of coeliac disease. Multiple treatment strategies are suggested in CS, but there is no standardised therapy. The aim of this series is to describe 4 cases of CS and to propose thioguanine (6-TG) treatment. DESIGN: We reviewed 4 cases of CS. Data were obtained from our prospective database of patients referred to our coeliac centre...
2016: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
Mercè Rosinach, Fernando Fernández-Bañares, Anna Carrasco, Montserrat Ibarra, Rocío Temiño, Antonio Salas, Maria Esteve
BACKGROUND: The role of gluten as a trigger of symptoms in non-coeliac gluten sensitivity has been questioned. AIM: To demonstrate that gluten is the trigger of symptoms in a subgroup of patients fulfilling the diagnostic criteria for non-coeliac gluten sensitivity (NCGS), which presented with lymphocytic enteritis, positive celiac genetics and negative celiac serology. METHODS: Double-blind randomized clinical trial of gluten vs placebo rechallenge...
2016: PloS One
Umberto Volta, Giacomo Caio, Elisa Boschetti, Fiorella Giancola, Kerry J Rhoden, Eugenio Ruggeri, Paola Paterini, Roberto De Giorgio
BACKGROUND: Although serological tests are useful for identifying celiac disease, it is well established that a minority of celiacs are seronegative. AIM: To define the prevalence and features of seronegative compared to seropositive celiac disease, and to establish whether celiac disease is a common cause of seronegative villous atrophy. METHODS: Starting from 810 celiac disease diagnoses, seronegative patients were retrospectively characterized for clinical, histological and laboratory findings...
September 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
Sara Zanella, Luigina De Leo, Le Nguyen-Ngoc-Quynh, Bo Nguyen-Duy, Tarcisio Not, Mai Tran-Thi-Chi, Son Phung-Duc, Hai Le-Thanh, Cristina Malaventura, Serena Vatta, Fabiana Ziberna, Martina Mazzocco, Stefano Volpato, Lan Phung-Tuyet, Huong Le-Thi-Minh, Caterina Borgna-Pignatti
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of coeliac disease (CD) in Vietnam is unknown. To fill this void, we assessed the prevalence of serological markers of CD autoimmunity in a population of children in Hanoi. SETTING: The outpatient blood drawing laboratory of the largest paediatric hospital in North Vietnam was used for the study, which was part of an international project of collaboration between Italy and Vietnam. PARTICIPANTS: Children having blood drawn for any reason were included...
2016: BMJ Open
Franca F Kirchberg, Katharina J Werkstetter, Olaf Uhl, Renata Auricchio, Gemma Castillejo, Ilma R Korponay-Szabo, Isabel Polanco, Carmen Ribes-Koninckx, Sabine L Vriezinga, Berthold Koletzko, M Luisa Mearin, Christian Hellmuth
OBJECTIVES AND STUDY: In the development of Celiac Disease (CD) both genetic and environmental factors play a crucial role. The Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA)-DQ2 and HLA-DQ8 loci are strongly related to the disease and are necessary but not sufficient for the development of CD. Therefore, increasing interest lies in examining the mechanisms of CD onset from the early beginning. Differences in serum and urine metabolic profiles between healthy individuals and CD patients have been reported previously...
August 2016: Journal of Autoimmunity
Detlef Schuppan
Celiac disease is induced by the consumption of gluten containing cereals (wheat, spelt, barley, rye). With a prevalence of ~ 1 %, it is the most common non-infectious chronic inflammatory intestinal disease worldwide. It manifests in all age groups, either classically with abdominal pain, diarrhoea and growth failure or weight loss, more commonly with indirect consequences of malabsorption, such as anaemia and osteoporosis, or with associated autoimmune diseases like type 1 diabetes, autoimmune thyroiditis or dermatitis herpetiformis...
July 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Shilpy Singla, Praveen Kumar, Preeti Singh, Gurvinder Kaur, Anurag Rohtagi, Monisha Choudhury
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of Celiac disease (CD) in first-degree relatives (FDR) of CD children. METHODS: This observational study was performed in FDR (parents and siblings) of consecutive newly diagnosed cases of CD enrolled from January 2011 through March 2012. Screening for CD in FDR was done using IgA tissue transglutaminase (tTG) levels in serum and the seropositive subset underwent upper gastrointestinal (UGI) endoscopy and biopsy to confirm the disease...
June 6, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Tiina Rauhavirta, Minna Hietikko, Teea Salmi, Katri Lindfors
Celiac disease is a common inflammatory disorder with a prevalence of 1-2 % in which a distinct dietary wheat, rye, and barley component, gluten, induces small-bowel mucosal villous atrophy, crypt hyperplasia, and inflammation. The small-bowel mucosal damage can be reversed by a strict lifelong gluten-free diet, which is currently the only effective treatment for the condition. A key player in the pathogenetic process leading to the enteropathy is played by a protein called transglutaminase 2 (TG2), which is able to enzymatically modify gluten-derived gliadin peptides...
June 4, 2016: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Celia Escudero-Hernández, Amado Salvador Peña, David Bernardo
Celiac disease is the most common oral intolerance in Western countries. It results from an immune response towards gluten proteins from certain cereals in genetically predisposed individuals (HLA-DQ2 and/or HLA-DQ8). Its pathogenesis involves the adaptive (HLA molecules, transglutaminase 2, dendritic cells, and CD4(+) T-cells) and the innate immunity with an IL-15-mediated response elicited in the intraepithelial compartment. At present, the only treatment is a permanent strict gluten-free diet (GFD). Multidisciplinary studies have provided a deeper insight of the genetic and immunological factors and their interaction with the microbiota in the pathogenesis of the disease...
July 2016: Current Gastroenterology Reports
Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Benjamin Lebwohl, Jonas Halfvarson, Cisca Wijmenga, Patrik K E Magnusson, Jonas F Ludvigsson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Almost 100% individuals with coeliac disease (CD) are carriers of the human leucocyte antigen (HLA) DQ2/DQ8 alleles. Earlier studies have, however, failed to consider the HLA system when estimating heritability in CD, thus violating an underlying assumption of heritability analysis. We examined the heritability of CD in a large population-based sample of twins, considering HLA. DESIGN: In a population-representative sample of 107 912 twins, we identified individuals with CD (equal to villous atrophy) through biopsy reports from all Swedish pathology departments...
May 20, 2016: Gut
Umberto Volta, Maria Gloria Mumolo, Giacomo Caio, Elisa Boschetti, Rocco Latorre, Fiorella Giancola, Paola Paterini, Roberto De Giorgio
A 62-year-old woman complaining of severe malabsorption was diagnosed with celiac disease based on the findings of flat, small intestinal mucosa and HLA-DQ2 positivity, although celiac serology was negative. This diagnosis was questioned due to the lack of clinical and histological improvement after a long period of strict gluten-free diet. The detection of enterocyte autoantibodies guided to the correct diagnosis of autoimmune enteropathy, leading to a complete recovery of the patient following an appropriate immunosuppressive treatment...
2016: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"