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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141087/effect-of-granulocyte-macrophage-colony-stimulating-factor-with-or-without-supervised-exercise-on-walking-performance-in-patients-with-peripheral-artery-disease-the-propel-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Mary M McDermott, Luigi Ferrucci, Lu Tian, Jack M Guralnik, Donald Lloyd-Jones, Melina R Kibbe, Tamar S Polonsky, Kathryn Domanchuk, James H Stein, Lihui Zhao, Doris Taylor, Christopher Skelly, William Pearce, Harris Perlman, Walter McCarthy, Lingyu Li, Ying Gao, Robert Sufit, Christina L Bloomfield, Michael H Criqui
Importance: Benefits of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) for improving walking ability in people with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) are unclear. Walking exercise may augment the effects of GM-CSF in PAD, since exercise-induced ischemia enhances progenitor cell release and may promote progenitor cell homing to ischemic calf muscle. Objectives: To determine whether GM-CSF combined with supervised treadmill exercise improves 6-minute walk distance, compared with exercise alone and compared with GM-CSF alone; to determine whether GM-CSF alone improves 6-minute walk more than placebo and whether exercise improves 6-minute walk more than an attention control intervention...
November 15, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141072/association-of-cetp-gene-variants-with-risk-for-vascular-and-nonvascular-diseases-among-chinese-adults
#2
Iona Y Millwood, Derrick A Bennett, Michael V Holmes, Ruth Boxall, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Sam Sansome, Yiping Chen, Huaidong Du, Canqing Yu, Alex Hacker, Dermot F Reilly, Yunlong Tan, Michael R Hill, Junshi Chen, Richard Peto, Hongbing Shen, Rory Collins, Robert Clarke, Liming Li, Robin G Walters, Zhengming Chen
Importance: Increasing levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol through pharmacologic inhibition of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) is a potentially important strategy for prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Objective: To use genetic variants in the CETP gene to assess potential risks and benefits of lifelong lower CETP activity on CVD and other outcomes. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective biobank study included 151 217 individuals aged 30 to 79 years who were enrolled from 5 urban and 5 rural areas of China from June 25, 2004, through July 15, 2008...
November 15, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139115/risk-of-stroke-associated-with-use-of-estrogen-containing-contraceptives-in-women-with-migraine-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Huma U Sheikh, Jelena Pavlovic, Elizabeth Loder, Rebecca Burch
OBJECTIVE: Migraine with aura has been associated with increased risk of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. Prior studies have shown a further increase in risk in women using combined hormonal contraceptives (CHCs). This has led to guidelines recommending against use of CHCs in this population. We sought to assess whether the risk of stroke is associated with the dose of estrogen and whether there is evidence of synergism between migraine and CHCs. We also sought to assess whether an interaction effect exists between migraine and CHCs...
November 15, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137061/low-free-triiodothyronine-levels-predict-symptomatic-intracranial-hemorrhage-and-worse-short-term-outcome-of-thrombolysis-in-patients-with-acute-ischemia-stroke
#4
Mingjing Qiu, Min Fang, Xueyuan Liu
The aim of the study was to determine whether thyroid hormones level on admission in patients with ischemic stroke, treated with intravenous recombinant tissue type plasminogen activator (rtPA), was associated with symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) and worse outcomes at 3 months.Patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) receiving intravenous rtPA thrombolytic treatment on our stroke unit between January 2015 and June 2016 were included in this study. Serum-free triiodothyronine (fT3), free thyroxine (fT4), total triiodothyronine (tT3), total thyroxine (tT4), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) were detected on admission...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131249/study-on-the-expression-and-mechanism-of-plasma-microrna-21-in-patients-with-ischemic-cardiomyopathy
#5
M-B Xie, X-Q Sui, D Pei, Q Yao, Q Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression and mechanism of plasma microRNA-21 in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM). PATIENTS AND METHODS: 56 cases of ICM patients were selected in our hospital from February 2010 to March 2016 as the observation group, and 60 cases of healthy patients were selected as control group. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of microRNA-21 in two groups. Then, differences of the total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), high and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C, LDL-C), left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), N terminal B type brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and other clinical indicators of the two groups, were compared...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130956/ischemic-stroke-histological-thrombus-composition-and-pre-interventional-ct-attenuation-are-associated-with-intervention-time-and-rate-of-secondary-embolism
#6
Peter B Sporns, Uta Hanning, Wolfram Schwindt, Aglae Velasco, Boris Buerke, Christian Cnyrim, Jens Minnerup, Walter Heindel, Astrid Jeibmann, Thomas Niederstadt
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The introduction of stent retrievers has made the complete extraction and histological analysis of human thrombi possible. A number of large randomized trials have proven the efficacy of thrombectomy for ischemic stroke; however, thrombus composition could have an impact on the efficacy and risk of the intervention. We therefore investigated the impact of histologic thrombus features on interventional outcome and procedure-related embolisms. For a pre-interventional estimation of histologic features and outcome parameters, we assessed the pre-interventional CT attenuation of the thrombi...
October 31, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121733/pheochromocytoma-as-a-reversible-cause-of-cardiomyopathy-analysis-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Rong Zhang, Deepashree Gupta, Stewart G Albert
CONTEXT: Pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma are rare neuroendocrine tumors which overproduce catecholamines and arise from the adrenal gland or extra-adrenal chromaffin cells of the sympathetic and parasympathetic ganglia (1). Excessive catecholamine-induced stimulation of cardiac myocytes leads to damage which manifests in several forms ranging from Takotsubo to dilated cardiomyopathy. Diagnosis of pheochromocytoma-related cardiomyopathies is often delayed due to the atypical presentation associated with many cases...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121037/transient-testicular-torsion-from-early-diagnosis-to-appropriate-therapeutic-intervention-a-prospective-clinical-study
#8
Dimitrios Patoulias, Konstantinos Farmakis, Maria Kalogirou, Ioannis Patoulias
Transient testicular torsion (TTT) occurs when the torsion of the spermatic cord is reversed automatically within few minutes, with subsequent restoration of the blood ow to the suffering testis. e main clinical manifestation is acute scrotal pain, which resolves within a short period of time, usually few minutes. In 25% of patients su er from nausea and vomiting, besides the scrotal discomfort. Episodes of torsion can be repeated 1-30 times, leading progressively to development of ischemic trauma of the testis, while in 30-61% of all cases they constitute a precursor of testicular torsion...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106977/causes-of-troponin-elevation-and-associated-mortality-in-young-patients
#9
Candace Wu, Avinainder Singh, Bradley Collins, Amber Fatima, Arman Qamar, Ankur Gupta, Jon Hainer, Josh Klein, Petr Jarolim, Marcelo Di Carli, Khurram Nasir, Deepak L Bhatt, Ron Blankstein
BACKGROUND: While increased serum troponin levels are often due to myocardial infarction, increased levels may also be found in a variety of other clinical scenarios. Although these causes of troponin elevation have been characterized in several studies in older adults, they have not been well characterized in younger individuals. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of patients 50 years of age or younger who presented to two large tertiary care centers between January 2000 and April 2016 with elevated serum troponin levels...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105528/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-tissue-plasminogen-activator-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-in-iran
#10
Asrin Amiri, Reza Goudarzi, Mohammadreza Amiresmaili, Farhad Iranmanesh
AIMS: Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is used to treat acute ischemic stroke up to 4.5 hours after symptom onset. Its cost-effectiveness in developing countries is not specified yet. This study aimed to study cost-effectiveness of tPA in Iran. METHODS: This is a cost-effectiveness analysis from the perspective of the third party payer to compare IV tPA with no tPA of ischemic stroke. A Markov model with a lifetime horizon was used to analyze the costs and outcomes...
November 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103862/impact-of-additional-lipid-lowering-therapy-on-new-ischemic-lesions-of-diffusion-weighted-imaging-in-carotid-artery-stenting
#11
Takashi Mizobe, Mitsugu Nakamura, Yasuhiko Motooka, Noriaki Ashida, Masahiro Sugihara
BACKGROUND: New ischemic lesions on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) are frequently found after carotid artery stenting (CAS) and sometimes cause neurologic deficit. We investigated the rate and the potential factor of new DWI lesions during the perioperative period of CAS in symptomatic patients at our institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 187 consecutive patients who underwent CAS (April 2013-August 2016), we investigated 60 symptomatic patients with artery-to-artery embolism from carotid plaque...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103860/external-validation-of-the-isan-a2ds2-and-ais-aps-scores-for-predicting-stroke-associated-pneumonia
#12
Elena Zapata-Arriaza, Francisco Moniche, Pardo-Galiana Blanca, Alejandro Bustamante, Irene Escudero-Martínez, Oscar Uclés, Ángela Ollero-Ortiz, Jose Antonio Sánchez-García, Miguel Ángel Gamero, Ángeles Quesada, Diana Vidal De Francisco, Mercedes Romera, Carlos De la Cruz, Gema Sanz, Joan Montaner
BACKGROUND: The Prestroke Independence, Sex, Age, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (ISAN), Age, Atrial Fibrillation, Dysphagia, male sex, and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (A2DS2), and acute ischemic stroke-associated pneumonia score (AIS-APS) scores were created to predict stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP), one of the most important medical stroke complications. External validation of all such scores in an acute stroke population was the aim of our study. METHODS: Patients with ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke were prospectively enrolled in the multicenter Stroke-Induced Pneumonia in Andalucía project between October 2014 and May 2016...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103181/brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging-cerebrospinal-fluid-and-autoantibody-profile-in-118-patients-with-neuropsychiatric-lupus
#13
Zhen Tan, Yingbo Zhou, Xiangpei Li, Guosheng Wang, Jinhui Tao, Li Wang, Yan Ma, Xiaomei Li
The objective of this study is to analyze clinical manifestations, features of imaging, and laboratory assessment of patients with neuropsychiatric SLE (NPSLE) for better diagnosis and outcome prediction. One hundred eighteen NPSLE patients admitted to the Anhui Provincial Hospital in Hefei, China, between January 2006 and December 2016 were enrolled and analyzed retrospectively. All patients fulfilled the American College of Rheumatology revised classification criteria for SLE. Patients with NPSLE fulfilled the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) nomenclature and case definitions...
November 4, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102390/comorbidities-clinical-features-and-prognostic-implications-of-cancer-patients-with-cerebrovascular-disease
#14
Bernardo Cacho-Díaz, Nydia A Lorenzana-Mendoza, Héctor Spínola-Maroño, Gervith Reyes-Soto, Carlos Cantú-Brito
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to identify and describe the comorbidities, clinical features, and prognostic implications of cancer patients with cerebrovascular disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients with cerebrovascular disease (CVD) seen in the neuro-oncology unit at a cancer referral center from April 2010 to November 2016 were included; demographic, oncologic diagnosis, risk factors, and prognostic considerations were presented as well. RESULTS: We report on 256 patients with CVD and cancer, of whom 66% were women...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097075/endovascular-thrombectomy-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-single-center-experience-in-taiwan
#15
Hai-Jui Chu, Sung-Chun Tang, Chung-Wei Lee, Jiann-Shing Jeng, Hon-Man Liu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Endovascular thrombectomy has been strongly recommended for treatment of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with large vessel occlusion. This study aimed to evaluate its efficacy and safety in an Asian population from a single center in Taiwan. METHODS: Patients who experienced AIS and received endovascular thrombectomy during the period of September 2014 to September 2016 at National Taiwan University Hospital were included. Factors related to favorable outcome, defined as modified Rankin scale 0-2 at 90 days after stroke, were analyzed...
October 30, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092916/use-of-oral-anticoagulants-in-combination-with-antiplatelet-s-in-atrial-fibrillation
#16
Caroline Sindet-Pedersen, Laila Staerk, Morten Lamberts, Thomas Alexander Gerds, Jeffrey S Berger, Anders Nissen Bonde, Jannik Langtved Pallisgaard, Morten Lock Hansen, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Gunnar H Gislason, Jonas Bjerring Olesen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate temporal trends in the use of non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) and vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) in combination with aspirin and/or clopidogrel in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) following acute myocardial infarction (MI) and/or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: Using Danish nationwide registries, all patients with AF who survived 30 days after discharge from MI and/or PCI between 22 August 2011 and 30 September 2016 were identified...
November 1, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084408/influence-of-renal-function-on-treatment-results-after-stroke-thrombectomy
#17
Mona Laible, Markus Alfred Möhlenbruch, Johannes Pfaff, Ekkehart Jenetzky, Peter Arthur Ringleb, Martin Bendszus, Timolaos Rizos
BACKGROUND: Renal dysfunction (RD) may be associated with poor outcome in ischemic stroke patients treated with mechanical thrombectomy (MT), but data concerning this important and emerging comorbidity do not exist so far. Here, we investigated the influence of RD on postprocedural intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), clinical outcome, and mortality in a large prospectively collected cohort of acute ischemic stroke patients treated with MT. METHODS: Consecutive patients with anterior-circulation stroke treated with MT between October 2010 and January 2016 were included...
October 31, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079570/thoracic-epidural-anesthesia-can-be-effective-for-the-short-term-management-of-ventricular-tachycardia-storm
#18
Duc H Do, Jason Bradfield, Olujimi A Ajijola, Marmar Vaseghi, John Le, Siamak Rahman, Aman Mahajan, Akihiko Nogami, Noel G Boyle, Kalyanam Shivkumar
BACKGROUND: Novel therapies aimed at modulating the autonomic nervous system, including thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA), have been shown in small case series to be beneficial in treating medically refractory ventricular tachycardia (VT) storm. However, it is not clear when these options should be considered. We reviewed a multicenter experience with TEA in the management of VT storm to determine its optimal therapeutic use. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data for 11 patients in whom TEA was instituted for VT storm between July 2005 and March 2016 were reviewed to determine the clinical characteristics, outcomes, and role in management...
October 27, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075739/diplopia-related-ambulatory-and-emergency-department-visits-in-the-united-states-2003-2012
#19
Lindsey B De Lott, Kevin A Kerber, Paul P Lee, Devin L Brown, James F Burke
Importance: Diplopia is believed to be a common eye-related symptom. However, to date, there are no available population-based estimates, which are necessary to understand the impact of this disabling symptom on the health care system and to identify steps to optimize patient care. Objective: To describe diplopia presentations in US ambulatory and emergency department (ED) settings. Design, Setting, and Participants: Ambulatory and ED visits in the United States by patients with diplopia were analyzed in this prespecified secondary analysis of National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey data collected for a 10-year period (2003-2012)...
October 26, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074638/association-between-carotid-plaque-features-on-cta-and-cerebrovascular-ischemia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
H Baradaran, K Al-Dasuqi, A Knight-Greenfield, A Giambrone, D Delgado, E J Ebani, H Kamel, A Gupta
BACKGROUND: CTA is a widely available imaging examination that may allow the evaluation of high-risk carotid plaque features. PURPOSE: Our aim was to evaluate the association between specific carotid plaque features on CTA and ipsilateral cerebrovascular ischemia. DATA SOURCES: We performed a systematic review of Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid Embase, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library from inception to March 2016 for articles that evaluated the relationship between CTA-detected carotid plaque features and ischemic events, defined as ipsilateral ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack...
October 26, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
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