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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786571/-the-disorders-of-the-musculoskeletal-system-in-patients-hospitalized-in-the-geriatric-ward
#1
Maria Matla, Jakub Rajtar-Zembaty, Waldemar Zawada
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: In recent years the interest in the quality of life in old age has been rising, which no doubt is closely linked with the growing population of elderly people. The problems associated with declined functionality of the locomotor system, which naturally occur with age, contribute to increasing morbidity in elderly patients. It is known that lack of exercise can lead to increased aging and disability. Applying the Senior Fitness Test (SFT) allows to explore and assess the patient's mobility...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786461/gender-and-diagnostic-impact-on-everyday-technology-use-a-differential-item-functioning-dif-analysis-of-the-everyday-technology-use-questionnaire-etuq
#2
Anders Kottorp, Camilla Malinowsky, Maria Larsson-Lund, Louise Nygård
BACKGROUND: As the use of everyday technology is increasingly important for participation in daily activities, more in-depth knowledge of everyday technology use in relation to diagnosis and gender is needed. The purpose of this study was to investigate the stability of the perceived challenge of a variety of everyday technologies across different samples of varying diagnoses including both males and females. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used 643 data records from clinical and research samples, including persons with dementia or related disorders, acquired brain injury, intellectual disability, various mental or medical disorders, and adults without known diagnoses...
May 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785134/the-impact-of-acne-and-facial-post-inflammatory-hyperpigmentation-on-quality-of-life-and-self-esteem-of-newly-admitted-nigerian-undergraduates
#3
Adeolu Oladayo Akinboro, Ogochukwu Ifeanyi Ezejiofor, Fatai Olatunde Olanrewaju, Mufutau Muphy Oripelaye, Olatunde Peter Olabode, Olugbenga Edward Ayodele, Emmanuel Olaniyi Onayemi
Background: Acne and facial post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation are relatively common clinical conditions among adolescents and young adults, and inflict psychosocial injuries on sufferers. Objective: To document the psychosocial and self-esteem implications of acne and facial hyperpigmentation on newly admitted undergraduates. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 200 undergraduates. Demographics and clinical characteristics were obtained and acne was graded using the US Food and Drug Administration 5-category global system of acne classification...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783261/epidemiology-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-ukraine-and-poltava-region
#4
Viacheslav M Zhdan, Grigory А Oksak, Oleh V Radomskyi, Denis I Shaposhnikov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The number of elderly people in society is increasing. Alike in all European countries, ageing population in Ukraine is observed, which affects the structure and dynamics of morbidity and mortality of the population towards the increase of chronic non-communicable diseases, which is the epidemic of the 21st century civilization. In 2010 in Ukraine, the proportion of people over the age of 60 was 20.6% of the total. The prevalence of all diseases among the elderly in 2010 amounted to 283522,8, and among the general population - 186746,4...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783250/-signifuing-resident-of-the-city-poltava-at-the-expense-of-signs-stroke-risk-factors-and-urgent-measures-according-to-medico-social-survey
#5
Anzhelina M Kryvchun, Nataliia V Lytvynenko, Viktoriia A Pinchuk, Galyna Ya Sylenko, Viktoriia M Gladka
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The problem of cerebrovascular diseases and their most severe form - cerebral stroke is one of the most pressing problems in modern medicine due to the high level of lethality, significant disability of patients. The aim: To assess and increase the sign of residents of the city Poltava at the expense of signs of stroke, its risk factors for emergence and emergency measures for stroke. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: During the annual social event dedicated to the World Stroke Day, on October 27, 2017, a survey of 981 people in Poltava city was conducted by volunteer students and staff of the Department of Nervous Diseases with Neurosurgery and Medical Genetics of "Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy"...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782952/the-snakebite-problem-and-antivenom-crisis-from-a-health-economic-perspective
#6
Abdulrazaq G Habib, Nicholas I Brown
The scourge of snakebite has been well documented but largely ignored by the global health community for several decades, especially the role that economics has played in causing and exacerbating this crisis. Every year millions of people in low and middle-income countries face death, disability and disadvantage from snakebite envenoming (SBE) without access to appropriate treatment. Health-economic factors pervade every aspect of this neglected problem. A multitude of financial and commercial factors helped to cause, and now perpetuate, shortages of high quality, affordable and region-appropriate antivenom in areas where they are most needed...
May 18, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782444/prevalence-of-hearing-impairment-in-mahabubnagar-district-telangana-state-india
#7
Tess Bright, Islay Mactaggart, Hannah Kuper, G V Murthy, Sarah Polack
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of hearing impairment in Mahabubnagar district, Telangana state, India. METHODS: A population-based prevalence survey of hearing impairment was undertaken in 2014. Fifty-one clusters of 80 people aged 6 months and older were selected using probability-proportionate-to-size sampling. A two-stage hearing screening was conducted using otoacoustic emissions on all participants followed by pure-tone audiometry on those aged 4 years and older who failed otoacoustic emissions...
May 16, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782234/assessing-the-confidence-of-australian-mental-health-practitioners-in-delivering-therapy-to-people-with-intellectual-disability
#8
Anastasia Hronis, Lynette Roberts, Ian Kneebone
Research supports the use of psychological therapies among people with mild to moderate intellectual disability (ID). One barrier to people with ID accessing psychological treatments is the confidence of mental health practitioners. This article explores the confidence of Australian clinicians in providing therapy to people with ID. One hundred and fifty-two psychologists and counselors in Australia completed a survey exploring self-reported confidence when working with clients who have ID and mental health difficulties...
June 2018: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782232/living-without-restraint-one-parent-s-reflections-and-recommendations-for-supporting-at-risk-individuals-with-developmental-disabilities
#9
Wilfred Beaudoin, Adam Moore
In the past several years, there has been an important movement to reduce the utilization of restraint for individuals with developmental disabilities. Legislatures, local and national, are taking on the task of shaping the way that our culture supports people who, up until now, have been often treated in a punitive manner rather than truly supportive in a therapeutic way. Schools and systems of care struggle to identify strategies that offer more positive outcomes to all individuals, even those with challenging behaviors...
June 2018: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782231/choice-and-control-within-family-relationships-the-lived-experience-of-adults-with-intellectual-disability
#10
Bernadette Curryer, Roger J Stancliffe, Angela Dew, Michele Y Wiese
Increased choice and control is a driving force of current disability policy in Australia for people with disability and their families. Yet little is known of how adults with intellectual disability (ID) actually experience choice and control within their family relationships. We used interpretative phenomenological analysis of individual, semistructured interviews conducted with 8 Australian adults with ID to understand the meaning given to their experience of family support received around choice and decision making...
June 2018: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782229/restraint-restrictive-intervention-and-seclusion-of-people-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#11
Carli Friedman, Caitlin Crabb
Restraint, restrictive interventions, and seclusion are hotly contested practices with inconclusive evidence of their effectiveness. Because the use of restraint and seclusion on people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) is controversial and its effectiveness doubtable, this study was conducted to explore if and how they were permitted in Medicaid HCBS 1915(c) waivers, the largest providers of long-term services and supports (LTSS) for people with IDD. To do so, 111 fiscal year 2015 IDD waivers from across the nation were examined to determine if and how states permitted restraint, restrictive interventions, and seclusion...
June 2018: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781577/-googling-gout-exploring-perceptions-about-gout-through-a-linguistic-analysis-of-online-search-activities
#12
Kayla N Jordan, James W Pennebaker, Keith J Petrie, Nicola Dalbeth
AIMS: To understand what terms people seeking information about gout use most frequently in online searches and explore the psychological and emotional tone of these searches. METHODS: A large de-identified dataset of search histories from major search engines was analyzed. Participants who searched for gout (n=1,117), arthritis (arthritis search control group, n=2,036, age and sex-matched), and a random set of age and sex-matched participants (general control group, n=2,150) were included...
May 21, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781357/cognitive-and-physical-function-of-people-older-than-80-years-in-china-from-1998-to-2014
#13
Xiaoqian Hu, Yuhang Zeng, Xuemei Zhen, Hao Zhang, Yuanyuan Li, Shuyan Gu, Hengjin Dong
Objectives This study was performed to describe the health status of Chinese oldest-old individuals aged ≥80 years from 1998 to 2014 and explore differences in their health status based on demographic characteristics and socioeconomic status. Methods Data were obtained from the seven waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. The Mini Mental State Examination, Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living, and chair stand test were used to examine cognitive and physical function...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781286/medical-therapy-versus-balloon-sinus-dilation-in-adults-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis-merlot-12-month-follow-up
#14
J Pablo Stolovitzky, Neelesh Mehendale, Keith E Matheny, William J Brown, Anthony A Rieder, Douglas R Liepert, Ewen Tseng, Andrew Gould
Background Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a devastating disease affecting nearly 30 million people in the United States. An interim analysis of data from the present study suggested that, in patients who had previously failed medical therapy, balloon sinus dilation (BSD) plus medical management (MM) provides a significant improvement in the quality of life (QOL) at 24 weeks postprocedure compared to MM alone. Objective The primary objective of this final analysis was to evaluate the durability of treatment effects through the 52-week follow-up...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781149/supporting-advanced-dementia-in-people-with-down-syndrome-and-other-intellectual-disability-consensus-statement-of-the-international-summit-on-intellectual-disability-and-dementia
#15
M McCarron, P McCallion, A Coppus, J Fortea, S Stemp, M Janicki, K Wtachman
BACKGROUND: The International Summit on Intellectual Disability and Dementia (Glasgow, Scotland; October 2016) noted that advanced dementia can be categorised as that stage of dementia progression characterised by significant losses in cognitive and physical function, including a high probability of further deterioration and leading to death. METHOD: The question before the Summit was whether there were similarities and differences in expressions of advanced dementia between adults with intellectual disability (ID) and adults in the general population...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780125/physical-disabilities-related-to-the-depressive-mental-states-of-japanese-patients-with-subacute-myelo-optico-neuropathy
#16
Tetsuro Konishi
Objective The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical conditions related to the depressive mental states in Japanese patients with subacute myelo-optico-neuropathy (SMON), caused by clioquinol intoxication more than 40 years previously. Materials and methods The changes in the mental states with aging were investigated in 25 Japanese SMON patients (mean age: 77.2 years old, range: 53-90) using a Japanese version of the Zung Self-rating Depression Scale (J-SDS) questionnaires with supportive interviews by the clinical psychotherapist and medical checkup records...
May 18, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779959/considering-disability-and-health-reflections-on-the-healthy-people-2020-midcourse-review
#17
Lisa Bundara Sinclair, Michael H Fox, Bruce S Jonas, Hugh G Berry, Louis A Quatrano, Angela K McGowan, Georgina Peacock
The Healthy People 2020 (HP2020) Midcourse Review (MCR) presents an opportunity for professionals in the disability and health field to contemplate preliminary progress toward achieving specific health objectives. The MCR showed notable progress in access to primary care, appropriate services for complex conditions associated with disability, expansion of health promotion programs focusing on disability, improving mental health, and reducing the unemployment rate among job seekers with disabilities. This commentary presents potential considerations, at least in part, for such progress including increased access to health care, greater awareness of appropriate services for complex conditions, and opportunities for societal participation...
April 19, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779497/trends-in-ageing-and-ageing-in-place-and-the-future-market-for-institutional-care-scenarios-and-policy-implications
#18
Peter Alders, Frederik T Schut
In several OECD countries the percentage of elderly in long-term care institutions has been declining as a result of ageing-in-place. However, due to the rapid ageing of population in the next decades future demand for institutional care is likely to increase. In this paper we perform a scenario analysis to examine the potential impact of these two opposite trends on the demand for institutional elderly care in the Netherlands. We find that the demand for institutional care first declines as a result of the expected increase in the number of low-need elderly that age-in-place...
May 21, 2018: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779408/the-relationship-between-employment-and-health-and-health-care-among-working-age-adults-with-and-without-disabilities-in-the-united-states
#19
Amanda Reichard, Michelle Stransky, Debra Brucker, Andrew Houtenville
PURPOSE: To better understand the relationship between employment and health and health care for people with disabilities in the United States (US). METHODS: We pooled US Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (2004-2010) data to examine health status, and access to health care among working-age adults, comparing people with physical disabilities or multiple disabilities to people without disabilities, based on their employment status. Logistic regression and least squares regression were conducted, controlling for sociodemographics, health insurance (when not the outcome), multiple chronic conditions, and need for assistance...
May 20, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779143/health-related-quality-of-life-in-coronary-heart-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-mapped-against-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#20
REVIEW
Jana Le, Diana S Dorstyn, Elias Mpfou, Elise Prior, Phillip J Tully
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important outcome in coronary heart disease (CHD). However, variability in HRQoL indicators suggests a need to consider domain coverage. This review applies a globally accepted framework, the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), to map HRQoL measures that are reliable and valid among people with CHD. METHODS: The Embase, Pubmed and PsycInfo databases were searched, with 10 observational studies comparing HRQOL among 4786 adults with CHD to 50949 controls identified...
May 19, 2018: Quality of Life Research
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