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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148640/short-term-outcome-of-operated-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-for-intracranial-hemorrhage-at-tikur-anbessa-specialized-teaching-hospital-tasth-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#1
Hagos Biluts, Azarias Kassahun, Mersha Abebe
Background: Traumatic brain injury is the leading cause of death and disability in people younger than 40 years of age worldwide. Objective: The study primarily aims at assessing the short-term outcome of patients operated for traumatic intracranial hemorrhage. Patients and Methods: This is a hospital based cross sectional study on patients with traumatic brain injury at Tikur Anbessa Specialized Teaching Hospital in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, between February 2013 and February 2014...
January 2017: Ethiopian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148230/personality-traits-such-as-neuroticism-and-disability-predict-psychological-distress-in-medically-unexplained-symptoms-a-three-year-experience-from-a-single-centre
#2
Vikas Menon, Balasubramanian Shanmuganathan, Jaiganesh Selvapandian Thamizh, Anand Babu Arun, Pooja Patnaik Kuppili, Siddharth Sarkar
BACKGROUND: People with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) may have psychological co-morbidities. AIMS: Our objectives were to assess the rates and identify correlates of psychological distress in MUS. METHODS: A total of 171 subjects with MUS seeking treatment at a tertiary care facility were assessed over a 3-year period. Psychological distress was assessed using the Tamil version of General Health Questionnaire-12. Apart from socio-demographic factors, personality, coping, perceived social support and subjective disability were assessed using standard instruments...
November 17, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148049/editorial-what-is-depression
#3
EDITORIAL
Argyris Stringaris
'Depression is a common, debilitating, and potentially lethal disorder.' This is a standard opening to many a scientific paper on depression. And it is often followed by some very grim statistics. Over 300 million people in the world are estimated to live with depression, and the disorder is ranked by WHO as the single largest contributor to global disability. Most worryingly, adolescents with major depressive disorder are up to 30 times more likely to commit suicide. Yet, what exactly is depression? Do all 300 million depressed people in the world suffer from the same thing, with the same aetiology? Is depression one disorder that comes in different shades of severity or is it best thought of as heterogeneous mix of problems that we have given one common name to? And, more practically, should we be treating all depression in similar ways?...
December 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147597/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-parkinson-s-disease-activities-of-daily-living-scale
#4
Stina B Jonasson, Peter Hagell, Gun-Marie Hariz, Susanne Iwarsson, Maria H Nilsson
Objective: To evaluate a set of psychometric properties (i.e., data completeness, targeting, and external construct validity) of the Parkinson's disease Activities of Daily Living Scale (PADLS) in people with Parkinson's disease (PD). Specific attention was paid to the association between PADLS and PD severity, according to the Hoehn & Yahr (H&Y) staging. Methods: The sample included 251 persons with PD (mean age 70 [SD 9] years). Data collection comprised a self-administered postal survey, structured interviews, and clinical assessments at home visits...
2017: Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147055/assistive-technologies-for-people-with-dementia-ethical-considerations
#5
Belinda Bennett, Fiona McDonald, Elizabeth Beattie, Terry Carney, Ian Freckelton, Ben White, Lindy Willmott
The sustainable development goals (SDGs) adopted by the United Nations in 2015 include a new target for global health: SDG 3 aims to "ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages." Dementia care of good quality is particularly important given the projected increase in the number of people living with the condition. A range of assistive technologies have been proposed to support dementia care. However, the World Health Organization estimated in 2017 that only one in 10 of the 1 billion or more people globally who could benefit from these technologies in some way actually has access to them...
November 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146953/achievements-and-obstacles-of-remyelinating-therapies-in-multiple-sclerosis
#6
REVIEW
Martin Stangel, Tanja Kuhlmann, Paul M Matthews, Trevor J Kilpatrick
Remyelination in the CNS is the natural process of damage repair in demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS). However, remyelination becomes inadequate in many people with MS, which results in axonal degeneration and clinical disability. Enhancement of remyelination is a logical therapeutic goal; nevertheless, all currently licensed therapies for MS are immunomodulatory and do not support remyelination directly. Several molecular pathways have been identified as potential therapeutic targets to induce remyelination, and some of these have now been assessed in proof-of-concept clinical trials...
November 17, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146660/changing-physical-activity-behaviour-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-feasibility-trial-istep-ms
#7
Jennifer M Ryan, Jennifer Fortune, Andrea Stennett, Cherry Kilbride, Nana Anokye, Christina Victor, Wendy Hendrie, Mohamed Abdul, Lorraine DeSouza, Grace Lavelle, Debbie Brewin, Lee David, Meriel Norris
INTRODUCTION: Although physical activity may reduce disease burden, fatigue and disability, and improve quality of life among people with multiple sclerosis (MS), many people with MS are physically inactive and spend significant time in sedentary behaviour. Behaviour change interventions may assist people with MS to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour. However, few studies have investigated their effectiveness using objective measures of physical activity, particularly in the long term...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146385/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-implementation-of-good-life-with-osteoarthritis-in-denmark-gla-d-tm-group-education-and-exercise-for-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-is-feasible-in-canada
#8
Aileen M Davis, Deborah Kennedy, Rosalind Wong, Susan Robarts, Søren T Skou, Rhona McGlasson, Linda C Li, Ewa Roos
OBJECTIVE: Adapt and evaluate the feasibility of implementing Good Life with osteoArthritis in Denmark (GLA:D(TM)) in Canada for people with mild to severe hip/knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: Patients triaged to non-surgical management participated in two education sessions and 12 supervised, neuromuscular exercise classes. We used the RE-AIM implementation framework evaluating outcomes of Reach, Effectiveness/Efficacy, Adoption, Implementation and Maintenance. Patients completed surveys pre-program and at 3 months follow-up...
November 13, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143769/senescent-nephropathy-the-new-renal-syndrome
#9
REVIEW
Florencia Aiello, Eliana P Dueñas, Carlos G Musso
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition characterized by progressive and irreversible deterioration of renal function due to the reduction of nephron mass for a period of at least three months. The prevalence of CKD is roughly 10% in the general population but increases with age, affecting more than one-third of people older than 65. Frailty is a condition usually found in elderly people, characterized by weakness, motility, and balance issues, with a declined ability to resist stressors leading to increased risks of adverse health outcomes including falls, fracture, hospitalization, institutionalization, disability, dependence, dementia, poor quality of life, and death...
October 28, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143723/food-insecurity-among-people-with-severe-mental-disorder-in-a-rural-ethiopian-setting-a-comparative-population-based-study
#10
K Tirfessa, C Lund, G Medhin, Y Hailemichael, A Fekadu, C Hanlon
AIM: In low-income African countries, ensuring food security for all segments of the population is a high priority. Mental illness is associated consistently with poverty, but there is little evidence regarding the association with food insecurity. The aim of this study was to compare the levels of food insecurity in people with severe mental disorders (SMD) with the general population in a rural African setting with a high burden of food insecurity. METHOD: Households of 292 community-ascertained people with a specialist-confirmed diagnosis of SMD (including schizophrenia and bipolar disorder) were compared with 284 households without a person with SMD in a rural district in south Ethiopia...
November 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143156/social-distance-and-community-attitudes-towards-people-with-psycho-social-disabilities-in-uttarakhand-india
#11
K Mathias, M Kermode, I Goicolea, L Seefeldt, R Shidhaye, M San Sebastian
Stigma is an important contributor to the large treatment gap for people with mental and psycho-social disabilities (PPSD) in India. Social distance as assessed by willingness to engage in relationships with PPSD is a proxy measure of stigma and potential discrimination. In North India, investigations of community attitudes towards PPSD have been limited. To describe attitudes towards people with depression and psychosis, a community sample of 960 adults in Dehradun district, India from 30 randomised clusters, was surveyed using a validated tool to assess social distance, beliefs and attitudes related to mental illness...
November 15, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142087/no-evidence-of-disease-activity-is-associated-with-reduced-rate-of-axonal-retinal-atrophy-in-ms
#12
Marco Pisa, Simone Guerrieri, Giovanni Di Maggio, Stefania Medaglini, Lucia Moiola, Vittorio Martinelli, Giancarlo Comi, Letizia Leocani
OBJECTIVE: To explore, in a longitudinal study, the usefulness of optical coherence tomography (OCT) in monitoring people with multiple sclerosis (MS) by testing the association between retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thinning and clinical and brain MRI criteria of no evidence of disease activity (NEDA). METHODS: OCT, visual evoked potentials (VEPs), and disability, using the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), were tested at baseline and after 2 years in 72 patients, 63 with routine yearly brain MRI...
November 15, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141811/do-gait-patterns-differ-in-men-and-women-with-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Massimiliano Pau, Federica Corona, Giuseppina Pilloni, Micaela Porta, Giancarlo Coghe, Eleonora Cocco
BACKGROUND: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) affects men and women differently from several points of view: prevalence, severity of cognitive impairments and disability accumulation. However, it is unknown whether ambulatory dysfunctions are sex-related. This study investigated the existence of differences in spatio-temporal and kinematic parameters of gait in men and women with MS using 3D gait analysis. METHODS: Gait patterns of 60 people with MS (pwMS, 32F, 28M) with low to moderate disability (average Expanded Disability Status Scale score 3, range 1-5...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141634/the-effects-of-neoliberal-policies-on-access-to-healthcare-for-people-with-disabilities
#14
Dikaios Sakellariou, Elena S Rotarou
Neoliberal reforms lead to deep changes in healthcare systems around the world, on account of their emphasis on free market rather than the right to health. People with disabilities can be particularly disadvantaged by such reforms, due to their increased healthcare needs and lower socioeconomic status. In this article, we analyse the impacts of neoliberal reforms on access to healthcare for disabled people. This article is based on a critical analytical review of the literature and on two case studies, Chile and Greece...
November 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141602/association-between-sarcopenia-and-low-back-pain-in-local-residents-prospective-cohort-study-from-the-gaina-study
#15
Shinji Tanishima, Hiroshi Hagino, Hiromi Matsumoto, Chika Tanimura, Hideki Nagashima
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common ailments that people experience in their lifetime. On the other hands, Sarcopenia also leads to several physical symptoms and contributes to reducing the quality of life of elderly people.The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between sarcopenia and low back pain among the general population. METHODS: The subjects included 216 adults (79 men and 137 women; mean age, 73.5 years) undergoing a general medical examination in Hino, Japan...
November 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141598/worklife-expectancy-in-a-cohort-of-danish-employees-aged-55-65%C3%A2-years-comparing-a-multi-state-cox-proportional-hazard-approach-with-conventional-multi-state-life-tables
#16
Jacob Pedersen, Jakob Bue Bjorner
BACKGROUND: Work life expectancy (WLE) expresses the expected time a person will remain in the labor market until he or she retires. This paper compares a life table approach to estimating WLE to an approach based on multi-state proportional hazards models. The two methods are used to estimate WLE in Danish members and non-members of an early retirement pensioning (ERP) scheme according to levels of health. METHODS: In 2008, data on self-rated health (SRH) was collected from 5212 employees 55-65 years of age...
November 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140768/public-health-burden-of-hearing-impairment-and-the-promise-of-genomics-and-environmental-research-a-case-study-in-ghana-africa
#17
Samuel Mawuli Adadey, Gordon Awandare, Goffrey Kwabla Amedofu, Ambroise Wonkam
Hearing impairment (HI) is one of the most disabling conditions of major global health burden that contributes adversely to the social and economic development of a country, if not managed properly. A proper assessment of the nationwide burden and etiology of HI is instrumental in the prevention, treatment, and management of the condition. This article sought to perform an expert review of HI in Ghana to determine the present knowledge of its burden and possible causes of the condition. A literature search was conducted in PubMed using the following keywords: "hearing loss" OR "hearing impairment" OR "deafness" AND "Ghana...
November 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137556/all-cause-30-day-readmissions-among-persons-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-and-mental-illness
#18
Robert Balogh, Elizabeth Lin, Kristin Dobranowski, Avra Selick, Andrew S Wilton, Yona Lunsky
OBJECTIVE: Early hospital readmissions within 30 days of discharge are common and costly. This research describes predictors of all-cause, 30-day hospital readmissions among persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), a group known to experience high rates of hospitalization. METHODS: A cohort of 66,484 adults with IDD from Ontario, Canada, was used to create two subgroups: individuals with IDD only and those with IDD and mental illness. The rates of hospital readmission were determined and contrasted with a comparison subgroup of people without IDD who have mental illness...
November 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137531/-i-honestly-would-not-have-known-what-to-do-an-exploratory-study-of-perspectives-on-client-suicide-among-vocational-rehabilitation-support-staff
#19
Emily M Lund, Jared C Schultz, Katie B Thomas, Michael R Nadorff, Christina M Sias, Dalia Chowdhury, Nicole R DeTore, Kate Galbraith
Despite the high prevalence of suicide both overall and among people with disabilities in particular, little research has explored suicide in the context of the vocational rehabilitation (VR) system or in counseling support staff in general. We analyzed the responses of 14 VR support staff who responded to an open-ended qualitative prompt regarding their experiences with suicide training and competency. Key themes included a perceived lack of and desire for more training regarding suicide, seeking and receiving suicide training outside of VR, and a perceived lack of resources for working with suicidal clients...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137174/hdomo-smart-sensor-integration-for-an-active-and-independent-longevity-of-the-elderly
#20
Emanuele Frontoni, Rama Pollini, Paola Russo, Primo Zingaretti, Graziano Cerri
The aim of this paper is to present the main results of HDOMO, an Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) project that involved 16 Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) and 2 research institutes. The objective of the project was to create an autonomous and automated domestic environment, primarily for elderly people and people with physical and motor disabilities. A known and familiar environment should help users in their daily activities and it should act as a virtual caregiver by calling, if necessary, relief efforts...
November 13, 2017: Sensors
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