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Ying-Jun Chen, Zuo-Jun Zhen, Huan-Wei Chen, Eric C H Lai, Fei-Wen Deng, Qing-Han Li, Wan Yee Lau
BACKGROUND: With advances in technology, laparoscopic liver resection is widely accepted. Laparoscopic liver resection under hemihepatic vascular inflow occlusion has advantages over the conventional total hepatic inflow occlusion using the Pringle's maneuver, especially in patients with cirrhosis. METHOD: From November 2011 to August 2012, eight consecutive patients underwent laparoscopic liver resection under hemihepatic vascular inflow occlusion using the lowering of hilar plate approach with biliary bougie assistance...
October 2014: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
Anders R Nakstad, Per P Bredmose, Mårten Sandberg
BACKGROUND: A large number of techniques and devices for cricothyroidotomy have been developed. In this study, the Portex™ Cricothyroidotomy Kit (PCK, Smiths Medical Ltd, Hythe, UK) was compared with the bougie assisted emergency surgical cricothyrotomy technique (BACT). METHODS: Twenty air ambulance anaesthesiologists performed emergency cricothyrotomy on a cadaveric porcine airway model using both PCK and BACT. Baseline performance and performance after the intensive training package were recorded...
July 26, 2013: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Keith Curtis, Matthew Ahern, Matthew Dawson, Michael Mallin
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound (US) has well-documented utility in critical procedures performed in the emergency department. It has been described as a "skill integral to the practice of emergency medicine" in the 2007 Model of Clinical Practice of Emergency Medicine. One of the ideal uses for US in critical care may be in the performance of emergent cricothyroidotomy. To the best of our knowledge there is currently no description of how to perform an US-guided open cricothyroidotomy in the literature...
July 2012: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Michael Wadman, Thomas A Nicholas, Mary A Bernhagen, Gail M Kuper, Nikola Miljkovic, Steven Schmidt, Jason Massignan, Ben H Boedeker
The wider angle of view of videolaryngoscopy versus standard direct laryngoscopy requires an assessment of the adjunctive devices used to facilitate intubation. In this study, subjects performed malleable bougie-assisted intubation and curved forceps removal of a glottic foreign body using videolaryngoscopy on a lightly embalmed cadaver and completed a post-procedure questionnaire. All subjects valued access to the malleable bougie available at their hospitals and 82% valued access to the curved forceps. Malleable bougie and curved forceps seem well-suited to facilitate videolaryngoscopic airway management...
2012: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Matthew J Messa, Douglas F Kupas, Douglas L Dunham
OBJECTIVE: To compare the success and ease of bougie-assisted intubation (BAI) with those of traditional endotracheal intubation (ETI) in a simulated difficult airway (20.4 seconds for BAI vs. 16.7 seconds for ETI, p = 0.102). METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, crossover, single-blind study comparing BAI with ETI in a simulated difficult airway. The 35 participants included paramedics, flight nurses, and emergency medicine resident physicians. Participants were already experienced in ETI and received a brief demonstration of BAI...
January 2011: Prehospital Emergency Care
Chandler Hill, Robert Reardon, Scott Joing, Dan Falvey, James Miner
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to compare time to completion, failure rate, and subjective difficulty of a new cricothyrotomy technique to the standard technique. The new bougie-assisted cricothyrotomy technique (BACT) is similar to the rapid four-step technique (RFST), but a bougie and endotracheal tube are inserted rather than a Shiley tracheostomy tube. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trail conducted on domestic sheep. During a 3-month period inexperienced residents or students were randomized to perform cricothyrotomy on anesthetized sheep using either the standard technique or the BACT...
June 2010: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
James M Rich, Andrew M Mason, H A Tillmann, Michael Foreman
Our anesthesia care team was called to care for a patient who was admitted to the emergency department with the esophageal-tracheal double-lumen airway device (Combitube, Tyco Healthcare, Nellcor, Pleasanton, California) in place, which needed to be exchanged for a definitive airway because the patient required an extended period of mechanical ventilation. Several techniques were attempted to exchange the esophageal-tracheal Combitube (ETC) without success. First, we attempted direct laryngoscopy with the ETC in place after deflation of the No...
October 2009: AANA Journal
Miki Kishii, Takashi Asai, Atsushi Nagata, Koh Shingu
A gum elastic bougie can be useful for tube exchange. One major problem with this technique is that it may not possible to pass a new tube over the bougie into the trachea, because the tip of the tube can collide with tissues around the glottis. We report a case in which tube exchange using the bougie was difficult, but the Pentax-AWS videolaryngoscope enabled tracheal intubation. In a 62-year-old trauma patient with head and neck stabilized using a Halo vest, was scheduled for emergency fixation of the neck...
June 2009: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Xavier Combes, Marc Dumerat, Gilles Dhonneur
PURPOSE: The gum elastic bougie (GEB) has been in use for a long time and allows tracheal intubation in most cases of difficult direct laryngoscopy. Use of the GEB when anatomical landmarks of the upper airway are not recognizable has not been reported. We describe our experience of airway management with the GEB in cases of severe upper airway distortion. CLINICAL FEATURES: Four patients with severe respiratory distress caused by upper airway distortion secondary to various non-malignant causes were managed with the GEB...
December 2004: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
I Hodzovic, A R Wilkes, I P Latto
In a randomised cross-over study, 50 anaesthetists attempted to place a multiple-use bougie in the trachea of a manikin, when holding it at either 20 cm or 30 cm from the tip. A grade 3 laryngoscopic view was simulated. The anaesthetists were blinded to success (tracheal placement) or failure (oesophageal placement). The success rates when held at 20 and 30 cm distance from the tip were 68 and 62%, respectively (p = 0.55). In a separate experiment, multiple and single-use bougies were held at four different positions and pressed onto a disc attached to a force transducer...
January 2004: Anaesthesia
I Hodzovic, A R Wilkes, I P Latto
Thirty anaesthetists attempted to place a derived 'optimal' curve bougie or a straight bougie in the trachea of a manikin, in a randomised cross-over study. A Grade 3 Cormack and Lehane laryngoscopic view was simulated. The anaesthetists were blinded to success (tracheal placement) or failure (oesophageal placement). The success rates with the curved and straight bougies were 83 and 7%, respectively, giving a difference (95% confidence interval) of 77% (54-87%) between the two bougies (p < 0.0001). On a separate occasion, under identical laboratory conditions, 30 anaesthetists attempted to place a straight coudé (angled)-tipped bougie or a straight straight-tipped bougie in the trachea of a manikin...
August 2003: Anaesthesia
Michael P Phelan, Ronald Moscati, Thomas D'Aprix, Glen Miller
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether advanced life support (ALS)-level prehospital providers can be taught to effectively use the Flex-Guide (FG) Endotracheal Tube (ETT) introducer in a difficult airway model by comparing success of styleted ETT intubation with Flex-Guide-assisted intubation. METHODS: Intermediate and advanced providers, who brought patients to a Level 1 emergency department, were given a handout and viewed an instructional video describing the bougie and its use...
April 2003: Prehospital Emergency Care
B Dennert, F C Ramirez, R A Sanowski
BACKGROUND: Placement of an overtube is required for endoscopic variceal ligation. The spectrum of overtube-related esophageal mucosal injury is unknown. We made a prospective comparison of two types of overtubes and a determination of the frequency, severity, and risk factors for overtube-related injury. METHODS: Two overtubes (60F, 20 cm, "new" overtube; and 60F, 25 cm, "old" overtube) were used and placed using the bougie-assisted technique. Mucosal integrity was documented before and after variceal ligation...
February 1997: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
A Nocera
The inability to correctly position the patient may cause difficulty during oral endotracheal intubation. Examples of such circumstances include cases of suspected cervical spine injury and cases of restricted access to the patient in the prehospital environment. The Eschmann tracheal tube introducer, more commonly called the "gum elastic bougie", is a valuable aid to oral intubation. The case reported herein, of a successful bougie-assisted oral intubation in the prehospital setting, highlights the usefulness of the technique...
May 1996: Annals of Emergency Medicine
J P Nolan, M E Wilson
This study was designed to evaluate the routine use of a gum elastic bougie for tracheal intubation. The median time to intubation with the gum elastic bougie while simulating an 'epiglottis only' view was only 10 s longer than the time taken during conventional intubation with an optimum view. Three of the patients required a gum elastic bougie-assisted intubation after attempts at conventional visual intubation had failed. There was no significant difference in the incidence of postoperative sore throat and hoarseness between the two groups...
October 1992: Anaesthesia
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