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Police Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332506/rape-crimes-are-victims-acute-psychological-distress-and-perceived-social-support-associated-with-police-case-decision-and-victim-willingness-to-participate-in-the-investigation
#1
Nina B Hansen, Maj Hansen, Louise H Nielsen, Rikke H Bramsen, Ask Elklit, Rebecca Campbell
This study examined level of acute psychological distress and perceived social support in 64 victims of rape and the association with police case decisions and victims' willingness to participate in the investigation. The results of independent-sample t tests revealed that victims' unwillingness to participate in the investigation was significantly associated with a higher level of psychological distress in the acute phase following the assault. The results suggest that victims of rape who disengage with the police investigation may do so because of a high level of acute psychological distress...
June 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306693/the-iraqi-national-study-of-suicide-report-on-suicide-data-in-iraq-in-2015-and-2016
#2
Mohammed J Abbas, Nesif Alhemiary, Emad Abdul Razaq, Shakir Naosh, Louis Appleby
BACKGROUND: Very little is known regarding the epidemiology of suicides in Iraq, given the lack of a national surveillance system. Therefore, the government initiated this project "The Iraqi National Study of Suicide METHODS: The study covered 13 (out of 18) provinces in Iraq. A data collection form was designed by the researchers. The forms were completed by police stations in the 13 provinces. Data were extracted from the legal investigation (which include police investigation, family reports and postmortem reports) of cases of when there was no clear cause of death and where there was final verdict of suicide made by judge after examining these reports...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294903/intimate-partner-violence-and-women-s-mental-health-the-mediating-role-of-coping-strategies-among-women-seeking-help-from-the-police
#3
Cecilia Mengo, Eusebius Small, Beverly Black
Many variables explain the link between intimate partner violence (IPV) and its impact on women's mental health. This proposition is mostly from samples drawn from battered women's shelters, batterer intervention programs (BIPs), emergency rooms, and medical clinics. We know little about the psychological well-being of women who report abuse to police departments. This study used data from case records of women who experience IPV and sought help from a city police station located in the southwest United States...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294718/pregnant-adolescents-as-perpetrators-and-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence
#4
Ruth S Buzi, Peggy B Smith, Claudia A Kozinetz, Constance M Wiemann
The role of pregnant adolescents as perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV) is not well understood. Socioecological factors associated with IPV (physical assault and injury, and psychological aggression) perpetrated by pregnant adolescents and the association between IPV and attitudes toward the use of physical punishment to discipline children were examined among 246 pregnant adolescents. Pregnant adolescents were more likely to report perpetrating both physical assault (24%) and psychological aggression (52...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289832/predictive-value-of-psychological-resilience-for-mental-health-disturbances-a-three-wave-prospective-study-among-police-officers
#5
Erik van der Meulen, Peter G van der Velden, Ilaria Setti, Marc J P M van Veldhoven
Psychological resilience is considered an important predictor for mental health disturbances among rescue workers. To what extent resilience predicts mental health disturbances among police officers at different stages while adjusting for existing (mental) health disturbances is unclear. Among 566 police officers resilience was operationalized by the Resilience Scale-nl and the Mental Toughness Questionnaire-48 questionnaires (8 scales in total). Mental health disturbances (such as depression symptoms and PTSD) and other health-related variables were assessed at baseline and follow-ups at three and nine months...
December 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224844/social-management-of-laboratory-rhesus-macaques-housed-in-large-groups-using-a-network-approach-a-review
#6
Brenda McCowan, Brianne Beisner, Darcy Hannibal
Biomedical facilities across the nation and worldwide aim to develop cost-effective methods for the reproductive management of macaque breeding groups, typically by housing macaques in large, multi-male multi-female social groups that provide monkey subjects for research as well as appropriate socialization for their psychological well-being. One of the most difficult problems in managing socially housed macaques is their propensity for deleterious aggression. From a management perspective, deleterious aggression (as opposed to less intense aggression that serves to regulate social relationships) is undoubtedly the most problematic behavior observed in group-housed macaques, which can readily escalate to the degree that it causes social instability, increases serious physical trauma leading to group dissolution, and reduces psychological well-being...
December 7, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217847/black-lives-matter-a-call-to-action-for-counseling-psychology-leaders
#7
Candice Crowell, Della Mosley, Jameca Falconer, Reuben Faloughi, Anneliese Singh, Danelle Stevens-Watkins, Kevin Cokley
Police brutality and widespread systemic racism represent historical and current sources of trauma in Black communities. Both the Black Lives Matter movement and counseling psychology propose to confront these realities at multiple levels. Black Lives Matter seeks to increase awareness about systemic racism and promote resilience among Black people. Counseling psychology states values of multiculturalism, social justice, and advocacy. Executive leadership in counseling psychology may seek to promote racial justice, yet struggle with how to participate in Black Lives Matter movements and address racial discrimination within larger systems spontaneously and consistently...
August 2017: Counseling Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104021/police-violence-among-women-in-four-u-s-cities
#8
Lisa Fedina, Bethany L Backes, Hyun-Jin Jun, Roma Shah, Boyoung Nam, Bruce G Link, Jordan E DeVylder
Police violence has been identified as a public health concern in the U.S., yet few studies have assessed the prevalence and nature of police violence among women. Furthermore, increasing evidence suggests that women reporting intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual violence (SV) to police are often met with harmful or neglectful police responses and thus, women's exposures to police violence may be associated with experiences of IPV and SV; however, this has not yet been empirically tested. This study assesses lifetime prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of police violence among women and investigates potential associations between IPV, SV, and police violence...
November 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062596/exploring-the-psychological-health-of-emergency-dispatch-centre-operatives-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#9
Sarah E Golding, Claire Horsfield, Annette Davies, Bernadette Egan, Martyn Jones, Mary Raleigh, Patricia Schofield, Allison Squires, Kath Start, Tom Quinn, Mark Cropley
BACKGROUND: The study objective was to investigate and synthesize available evidence relating to the psychological health of Emergency Dispatch Centre (EDC) operatives, and to identify key stressors experienced by EDC operatives. METHODS: Eight electronic databases (Embase, PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, PsycInfo, PsycArticles, The Psychology and Behavioural Sciences Collection, and Google Scholar) were searched. All study designs were included, and no date limits were set...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964511/the-nature-and-burden-of-occupational-injury-among-first-responder-occupations-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-australian-workers
#10
Shannon E Gray, Alex Collie
INTRODUCTION: Workers in first responder (FR) occupations are at heightened risk for workplace injury given their exposure to physical/psychological hazards. This study sought to (1) characterise the occupational risk of injury; (2) determine factors associated with injury; and (3) characterise the burden of injury-related disability in police, ambulance officers, fire/emergency workers, compared with other occupations. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of 2,439,624 claims occurring between July 2003 and June 2012 was extracted from the Australian National Dataset for Compensation-Based Statistics...
November 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953073/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-fatigue-management-training-to-improve-police-sleep-health-and-wellness-a-pilot-study
#11
Lois James, Charles H Samuels, Fiona Vincent
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention for improving sleep health in a sample of employees from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP). METHODS: Using a pre- and post-design we exposed 61 RCMP members to a fatigue-management training program. Pre- and post-intervention surveys included the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) instrument, and the six item index of psychological distress (Symptom Checklist-90)...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912742/perception-action-and-cognition-of-football-referees-in-extreme-temperatures-impact-on-decision-performance
#12
Nadia Gaoua, Rita F de Oliveira, Steve Hunter
Different professional domains require high levels of physical performance alongside fast and accurate decision-making. Construction workers, police officers, firefighters, elite sports men and women, the military and emergency medical professionals are often exposed to hostile environments with limited options for behavioral coping strategies. In this (mini) review we use football refereeing as an example to discuss the combined effect of intense physical activity and extreme temperatures on decision-making and suggest an explicative model...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898969/job-specific-mandatory-medical-examinations-for-the-police-force
#13
J S Boschman, C T J Hulshof, M H W Frings-Dresen, J K Sluiter
Background: Mandatory medical examinations (MMEs) of workers should be based on the health and safety requirements that are needed for effectively performing the relevant work. For police personnel in the Netherlands, no job-specific MME exists that takes the specific tasks and duties into account. Aims: To provide the Dutch National Police with a knowledge base for job-specific MMEs for police personnel that will lead to equitable decisions from an occupational health perspective about who can perform police duties...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880946/beyond-group-engagement-multiple-pathways-from-encounters-with-the-police-to-cooperation-and-compliance-in-northern-ireland
#14
Samuel Pehrson, Lee Devaney, Dominic Bryan, Danielle L Blaylock
In a sample of young people in Northern Ireland (N = 819), we examine the relationships between the quality of experience with police officers and police legitimacy. We examine potential pathways through which experiences may either support or undermine the legitimacy of the police, and thus cooperation and compliance with them. We find evidence that perceptions of the police as having goals that align with those of wider society, and as being fair in general, mediate relations between the quality of encounters and legitimacy, which in turn mediates the relation with cooperation and compliance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856382/suicide-in-nepal-a-modified-psychological-autopsy-investigation-from-randomly-selected-police-cases-between-2013-and-2015
#15
Ashley K Hagaman, S Khadka, S Lohani, B Kohrt
PURPOSE: Yearly, 600,000 people complete suicide in low- and middle-income countries, accounting for 75% of the world's burden of suicide mortality. The highest regional rates are in South and East Asia. Nepal has one of the highest suicide rates in the world; however, few investigations exploring patterns surrounding both male and female suicides exist. This study used psychological autopsies to identify common factors, precipitating events, and warning signs in a diverse sample. METHODS: Randomly sampled from 302 police case reports over 24 months, psychological autopsies were conducted for 39 completed suicide cases in one urban and one rural region of Nepal...
August 30, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817317/living-outside-the-gender-box-in-mexico-testimony-of-transgender-mexican-asylum-seekers
#16
Marshall K Cheney, Mary J Gowin, E Laurette Taylor, Melissa Frey, Jamie Dunnington, Ghadah Alshuwaiyer, J Kathleen Huber, Mary Camero Garcia, Grady C Wray
OBJECTIVES: To explore preimmigration experiences of violence and postimmigration health status in male-to-female transgender individuals (n = 45) from Mexico applying for asylum in the United States. METHODS: We used a document review process to examine asylum declarations and psychological evaluations of transgender Mexican asylum seekers in the United States from 2012. We coded documents in 2013 and 2014 using NVivo, a multidisciplinary team reviewed them, and then we analyzed them for themes...
October 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816733/on-duty-nonfatal-injury-that-lead-to-work-absences-among-police-officers-and-level-of-perceived-stress
#17
Christine West, Desta Fekedulegn, Michael Andrew, Cecil M Burchfiel, Siobán Harlow, C Raymond Bingham, Marjorie McCullagh, Sung Kyun Park, John Violanti
OBJECTIVE: We examined prevalence, frequency, duration, and recency of injury leave and the association of duty-related injury with perceived stress in U.S. police officers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study contained 422 active duty police officers from a mid-sized urban police department. For each participating officer, work history records were used to assess on-duty injuries that lead to work absences. Linear regression analyses were used for analyses. RESULTS: Most participants had experienced at least one injury (62%), and among those injured, 67% experienced more than one duty-related injury...
November 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793109/older-adults-abuse-in-three-brazilian-cities
#18
Rosalina Aparecida Partezani Rodrigues, Edilene Araújo Monteiro, Ana Maria Ribeiro Dos Santos, Maria de Lourdes de Farias Pontes, Jack Roberto Silva Fhon, Alisson Fernandes Bolina, Fernanda Laporti Seredynskyj, Vanessa Costa Almeida, Suelen Borelli Lima Giacomini, Giovanna Partezani Cardoso Defina, Luipa Michele Silva
Objective: To analyze the police reports filed by older adults who suffered abuse in order to identify the socio-demographic characteristics of victims and aggressors, type of violence, location, as well as to compare rates in three Brazilian cities in the period from 2009 to 2013. Method: Ecological study, in which 2,612 police reports registered in Police Stations were analyzed. An instrument was used to obtain data from the victim, the aggressor and the type of violence...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724551/evaluation-of-a-pilot-police-led-suicide-early-alert-surveillance-strategy-in-the-uk
#19
Grant James McGeechan, Catherine Richardson, Kevin Weir, Lynn Wilson, Gillian O'Neill, Dorothy Newbury-Birch
INTRODUCTION: Those bereaved by suicide are at increased risk of psychological harm, which can be reduced with the provision of timely support. This paper outlines an evaluation of a pilot police-led suicide strategy, in comparison to a coroner-led suicide strategy looking at the number, and length of time it takes for deaths to be recorded for each strategy. Additionally, the police-led strategy offers timely contact from support services for bereaved individuals. We examined what impact this offer of support had on the capacity of support services...
July 19, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640970/prevalence-of-new-psychoactive-substances-and-prescription-drugs-in-the-belgian-driving-under-the-influence-of-drugs-population
#20
S M R Wille, C Richeval, M Nachon-Phanithavong, J M Gaulier, V Di Fazio, L Humbert, N Samyn, D Allorge
Driving under the influence of drugs (DUID) is a worldwide problem. Several countries have adopted DUID legislations which prove their deterrent effect and impact on road safety. However, the use of new psychoactive substances (NPS) and prescription drugs is not known, as the applied roadside screening tests have not yet been adapted for these compounds. In this study, 558 blood samples obtained during roadside controls in Belgium (January to August 2015) after a positive Drugwipe 5S® test and 199 oral fluid (OF) samples obtained from negatively screened test pads were analyzed...
June 22, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
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