keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sirt 1

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333922/effect-of-resveratrol-treatment-on-graft-revascularization-after-islet-transplantation-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-mice
#1
Eun-Mi Lee, Inwon Park, Ye-Jee Lee, Young-Hye You, Ji-Won Kim, Myung-Jun Kim, Yu-Bae Ahn, Pilhan Kim, Seung-Hyun Ko
We evaluated the effect of resveratrol (RSV) on graft survival after islet transplantation (ITx) in diabetic mice. Isolated islets from Balb/c mice (200 IEQ) were transplanted under the kidney capsule of diabetic Balb/c mice. Vehicle or RSV (200 mg/kg/day, orally) was given for 14 days after ITx. Two more control groups [STZ-treated (No-ITx-Control) and STZ+RSV-treated (No-ITx-RSV) mice without ITx] were added. Glucose tolerance tests (GTT) was performed at 14 days after ITx. In vitro, isolated islets pretreated with vehicle or RSV (1 μM) were incubated in a hypoxic chamber (O2 1%, 1hr)...
January 15, 2018: Islets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331024/combination-therapy-of-lovastatin-and-ampk-activator-improves-mitochondrial-and-peroxisomal-functions-and-clinical-disease-in-eae-model
#2
Inderjit Singh, Devadoss J Samuvel, Seungho Choi, Nishant Saxena, Avtar K Singh, Jeseong Won
Recent studies report that loss and dysfunction of mitochondria and peroxisomes contribute to the myelin and axonal damage in multiple sclerosis (MS). In this study, we investigated the efficacy of lovastatin and AMPK activator (AICAR) combination on the loss and dysfunction of mitochondria and peroxisomes and myelin and axonal damage in the spinal cords, relative to the clinical disease symptoms, using a mouse model of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE, a model for MS). We observed that lovastatin and AICAR treatments individually provided partial protection of mitochondria/peroxisomes, myelin/axons, and thus partial attenuation of clinical disease in EAE mice...
January 13, 2018: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330620/impact-of-sirtuin-1-expression-on-h3k56-acetylation-and-oxidative-stress-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial-with-resveratrol-supplementation
#3
Simona Bo, Gabriele Togliatto, Roberto Gambino, Valentina Ponzo, Giusy Lombardo, Rosalba Rosato, Maurizio Cassader, Maria Felice Brizzi
AIMS: Sirtuin-1 (SIRT-1) down-regulation in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been associated with epigenetic markers of oxidative stress. We herein aim to evaluate whether an increase in SIRT-1 expression affects histone 3 acetylation at the 56 lysine residue (H3K56ac) in T2DM patients randomly selected to receive either resveratrol (40 mg or 500 mg) or a placebo for 6 months. The primary outcome is changes in the H3K56ac level by variation in SIRT-1 expression and the secondary outcome is the evidence of association between SIRT-1 level, antioxidant markers (TAS), and metabolic variables...
January 12, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302794/evaluation-of-the-neuroprotective-effect-of-sirt3-in-experimental-stroke
#4
Rajkumar Verma, Rodney M Ritzel, Joshua Crapser, Brett D Friedler, Louise D McCullough
Sirtuins (Sirt) are a family of NAD+ dependent histone deacetylase (HDAC) proteins implicated in aging, cell cycle regulation, and metabolism. These proteins are involved in the epigenetic modification of neuromodulatory proteins after strokevia acetylation/deacetylation. The specific role of Sirt3, a mitochondrial sirtuin, in post-stroke injury has been relatively unexplored. Using male Sirt3 knockout (KO) mice and wild-type littermates (WT), we show that Sirt3 KO mice show significant neuroprotection at 3 days after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) or stroke injury...
January 4, 2018: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291007/alteration-of-muscle-fiber-characteristics-and-the-ampk-sirt1-pgc-1%C3%AE-axis-in-skeletal-muscle-of-growing-pigs-fed-low-protein-diets-with-varying-branched-chain-amino-acid-ratios
#5
Yehui Duan, Fengna Li, Wenlong Wang, Qiuping Guo, Chaoyue Wen, Yulong Yin
There mainly exists four major myosin heavy chains (MyHC) (i.e., I, IIa, IIx, and IIb) in growing pigs. The current study aimed to explore the effects of low-protein diets supplemented with varying branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) on muscle fiber characteristics and the AMPK-SIRT1-PGC-1α axis in skeletal muscles. Forty growing pigs (9.85 ± 0.35 kg) were allotted to 5 groups and fed with diets supplemented with varying leucine: isoleucine: valine ratios: 1:0.51:0.63 (20% crude protein, CP), 1:1:1 (17% CP), 1:0...
December 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288528/overexpression-of-mir-22-attenuates-oxidative-stress-injury-in-diabetic-cardiomyopathy-via-sirt-1
#6
Qinghui Tang, Qiang Len, Zheng Liu, W D Wang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Oxidative stress injury is believed to be important in diabetic cardiomyopathy. Recent evidence indicates that miR-22 plays an important role in various cardiovascular diseases, but the protective role of miR-22 in diabetic cardiomyopathy remains undetermined. METHODS: Diabetes was induced in male C57BL/6 mice by intraperitoneal injection with streptozotocin combined with a high-fat diet and miR-22 was overexpressed following transfection with adeno-associated virus...
December 29, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285636/the-effect-of-selective-internal-radiation-therapy-with-yttrium-90-resin-microspheres-on-lung-carbon-monoxide-diffusion-capacity
#7
Tunc Ones, Emel Eryuksel, Feyyaz Baltacioglu, Berrin Ceyhan, Tanju Yusuf Erdil
BACKGROUND: Selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) with embolization of branches of the hepatic artery is a valuable therapeutic tool for patients with hepatic malignancies; however, it is also associated with lung injury risk due to shunting. Diffusion capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLCO) is a clinically significant lung function test, and worsening in DLCO is suggested to reflect a limited gas exchange reserve caused by the potential toxicity of chemoradiotherapy or it may be a marker of related lung injury...
December 29, 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280055/sirtuin-1-chromatin-binding-dynamics-points-to-a-common-mechanism-regulating-inflammatory-targets-in-siv-infection-and-in-the-aging-brain
#8
Nikki Bortell, Liana Basova, Julia A Najera, Brenda Morsey, Howard S Fox, Maria Cecilia Garibaldi Marcondes
Microglia and macrophages are the main non-neuronal subsets of myeloid origin in the brain, and are critical regulators in neurodegenerative disorders, where inflammation is a key factor. Since HIV infection results in neurological perturbations that are similar to those in aging, we examined microglial and infiltrating myeloid subsets in the search for changes that might resemble the ones in aging. For that, we used the SIV infection in rhesus macaques to model neuroAIDS. We found that Sirt-1, a molecule that impacts survival and health in many models, was decreased in cell preparations containing a majority of microglia and myeloid cells from the brain of infected macaques...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology: the Official Journal of the Society on NeuroImmune Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251317/ethanol-extract-of-patrinia-scabiosaefolia-induces-the-death-of-human-renal-cell-carcinoma-786-o-cells-via-sirt-1-and-mtor-signaling-mediated-metabolic-disruptions
#9
Zeyan Li, Yueqing Tang, Shiqin Zhu, Dawei Li, Xiao Han, Gangli Gu, Naidong Xing, Juchao Ren, Zhaoxin Guo, Wei Jiao, Lei Yan, Zhonghua Xu, Wenhua Zhang
Recently, natural plant extracts have shown tremendous potential as novel antitumor drugs. Patrinia scabiosaefolia, a traditional prescription for inflammatory diseases, has been reported to effectively suppress various types of cancers. However, the mechanisms underlying its antitumor properties remain elusive. In the present study, we investigated the antitumor effects of an ethanol extract of Patrinia scabiosaefolia (EPS) on human renal cell carcinoma 786-O cells. After 24 h of incubation with EPS, the cell viability and colony number of 786-O cells were significantly decreased in a concentration-dependent manner as compared to the control group as determined by MTT and colony formation assays, respectively...
February 2018: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237268/sesquiterpenoids-from-the-root-of-panax-ginseng-attenuates-lipopolysaccharide-induced-depressive-like-behavior-through-the-bdnf-trkb-and-sirt-1-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathways
#10
Weidong Wang, Xiaofeng Liu, Jinping Liu, Enbo Cai, Yan Zhao, Haijun Li, Lianxue Zhang, Pingya Li, Yugang Gao
The previous study indicated sesquiterpenoids from the root of Panax ginseng (SPG) exhibited significant antidepressant-like effect, which might be mediated by the modification of the dopaminergic, GABAergic and glutamatergic systems. This study was to investigate SPG's antidepressant effects and mechanisms on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced depression-like behavior. In the tail suspension test (TST) and forced swimming test (FST), SPG (0.25 and 1 mg/kg, i.g.) and fluoxetine (20 mg/kg, i.p.) effectively reduced the immobility time...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233562/comparison-of-radiation-therapy-modalities-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-portal-vein-thrombosis-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#11
Chai Hong Rim, Chul Yong Kim, Dae Sik Yang, Won Sup Yoon
PURPOSE: We performed a meta-analysis and systematic review to compare the radiotherapy (RT) modalities for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with portal vein thrombosis (PVT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, Medline, and Cochrane library databases. The primary endpoint was the 1-year overall survival (OS), and response rate (RR), local control (LC), 2-year OS, and grade ≥3 toxicity incidence were evaluated as secondary endpoints. RESULTS: Thirty-seven studies comprising 2513 patients were included...
December 9, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232676/progressive-development-of-aberrant-smooth-muscle-cell-phenotype-in-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-disease
#12
Kirsten Riches, Emily Clark, Rebecca J Helliwell, Timothy G Angelini, Karen E Hemmings, Marc A Bailey, Katherine I Bridge, D Julian A Scott, Karen E Porter
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a silent, progressive disease with a high mortality and an increasing prevalence with aging. Smooth muscle cell (SMC) dysfunction contributes to gradual dilatation and eventual rupture of the aorta. Here we studied phenotypic characteristics in SMC cultured from end-stage human AAA (≥5 cm) and cells cultured from a porcine carotid artery (PCA) model of early and end-stage aneurysm. Human AAA-SMC presented a secretory phenotype and expressed elevated levels of the differentiation marker miR-145 (2...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Vascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223039/n-acetyl-l-cysteine-ameliorates-the-pm2-5-induced-oxidative-stress-by-regulating-sirt-1-in-rats
#13
Lu Yang, Zheng Duan, Xin Liu, Yadong Yuan
Silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1), a class III histone deacetylase, plays a major role in combating cellular oxidative stress injury. However, the role of SIRT1 in oxidative stress induced by particulate matter remains unclear. A total of 32 healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into PM2.5, PM2.5+NAC, filtered air (control), and filtered air+NAC (NAC control) groups. The expressions of MnSOD, SIRT1, and FOXO3a were examined at both transcriptional and protein levels. The expression levels of MnSOD, SIRT1, and FOXO3a reduced significantly (P<0...
November 20, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201361/quercetin-prevents-spinal-motor-neuron-degeneration-induced-by-chronic-excitotoxic-stimulus-by-a-sirtuin-1-dependent-mechanism
#14
Rafael Lazo-Gomez, Ricardo Tapia
Background: Excitotoxicity is a mechanism of foremost importance in the selective motor neuron degeneration characteristic of motor neuron disorders. Effective therapeutic strategies are an unmet need for these disorders. Polyphenols, such as quercetin and resveratrol, are plant-derived compounds that activate sirtuins (SIRTs) and have shown promising results in some models of neuronal death, although their effects have been scarcely tested in models of motor neuron degeneration. Methods: In this work we investigated the effects of quercetin and resveratrol in an in vivo model of excitotoxic motor neuron death induced by the chronic infusion of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) into the rat spinal cord tissue...
2017: Translational Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190778/mir-6835-promoted-lps-induced-inflammation-of-huvecs-associated-with-the-interaction-between-tlr-4-and-adipor1-in-lipid-rafts
#15
Jiao Liu, Guang Li, Chuang Chen, Dechang Chen, Qingshan Zhou
BACKGROUND: High mortality rate of critically-ill patients could be induced by sepsis and septic shock, which is the extremely life threatening. The purpose of this work is to identify and evaluate the potential regulatory mechanism of LPS-induced inflammation associated with miR-6835 and lipid rafts in HUVECs. METHODS: The 3' UTR luciferase activity of AdipoR1 was detected, which was predicted the potential target gene of miR-6835. Moreover, the treated HUVECs with or without inhibitors or mimics of miR-6835 were used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184683/selective-internal-radiation-therapy-using-yttrium-90-resin-microspheres-in-patients-with-unresectable-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-retrospective-study
#16
Parvez S Mantry, Ashwini Mehta, Bahar Madani, Alejandro Mejia, Islam Shahin
Background: Selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) with yttrium-90 resin (Y-90 resin) microspheres has been used as a locoregional therapy for patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We examined patient and disease characteristics that might affect survival after Y-90 resin, as well as treatment tolerability. Methods: Data from patients with unresectable HCC treated with Y-90 resin at a single institution were reviewed retrospectively. Survival was assessed with Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank tests...
October 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184120/halistanol-sulfates-i-and-j-new-sirt1-3-inhibitory-steroid-sulfates-from-a-marine-sponge-of-the-genus-halichondria
#17
Fumiaki Nakamura, Norio Kudo, Yuki Tomachi, Akiko Nakata, Misao Takemoto, Akihiro Ito, Hodaka Tabei, Daisuke Arai, Nicole de Voogd, Minoru Yoshida, Yoichi Nakao, Nobuhiro Fusetani
Two new analogs of halistanol sulfate (1) were isolated from a marine sponge Halichondria sp. collected at Hachijo-jima Island. Structures of these new halistanol sulfates I (2) and J (3) were elucidated by spectral analyses. Compounds 1-3 showed inhibitory activity against SIRT 1-3 with IC50 ranges of 45.9-67.9, 18.9-21.1 and 21.8-37.5 μM, respectively. X-ray crystallography of the halistanol sulfate (1) and SIRT3 complex clearly indicates that 1 binds to the exosite of SIRT3 that we have discovered in this study...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172243/characterization-of-90y-spect-ct-self-calibration-approaches-on-the-quantification-of-voxel-level-absorbed-doses-following-90y-microsphere-selective-internal-radiation-therapy
#18
Anjali Balagopal, Cheenu Kappadath
PURPOSE: 90Y-microsphere selective internal radiation therapy (90Y-SIRT or 90Y-radioembolization) is used in the management of unresectable liver tumors. 90Y-SIRT presents a unique situation where the total 90Y activity inside the liver can be determined with high accuracy (>95%). 90Y bremsstrahlung single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/computed tomography (CT) can be self-calibrated to provide quantitative images that facilitate voxel-level absorbed dose calculations...
November 24, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135935/tucum-do-cerrado-bactris-setosa-mart-may-promote-anti-aging-effect-by-upregulating-sirt1-nrf2-pathway-and-attenuating-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation
#19
Marcela de Sá Barreto da Cunha, Sandra Fernandes Arruda
Aging may be related to oxidative damage accumulation and a low-grade inflammation, both responses are modulated by iron and phytochemicals. This study investigated the effect of tucum-do-cerrado (Bactris setosa Mart.) consumption on the expression of sirtuins (SIRT 1 and 3) and senescence marker protein-30 (SMP30), and on the redox and inflammatory responses, in adult rats supplemented or not with dietary iron. Male Wistar rats were treated for 12 weeks with: control diet (CT); iron enriched-diet (+Fe); control diet + 15% tucum-do-cerrado (Tuc); or iron enriched-diet + 15% tucum-do-cerrado (Tuc + Fe)...
November 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132743/nuclear-sirtuins-and-inflammatory-signaling-pathways
#20
REVIEW
Keila Lopes Mendes, Deborah de Farias Lelis, Sérgio Henrique Sousa Santos
The regulation of chronic inflammation has received considerable research attention in recent years because of its contribution to the pathogenesis of chronic diseases such as arthritis, diabetes, metabolic syndrome and obesity. Thus, strategies that inhibit the inflammatory state may be beneficial in improving the pathophysiology of several inflammation-related disorders. Sirtuins are a family of histone deacetylases that contain seven enzymatic activities in mammals (SIRT1-SIRT7) and function to suppress gene transcription by epigenetic mechanisms...
November 7, 2017: Cytokine & Growth Factor Reviews
keyword
keyword
113065
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"