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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918136/short-communication-cow-and-quarter-level-milking-indicators-and-their-associations-with-clinical-mastitis-in-an-automatic-milking-system
#1
J F Penry, P M Crump, P L Ruegg, D J Reinemann
The aim of this study was to assess associations of cow-, udder-, and quarter-level factors with the risk of clinical mastitis (CM) in cows managed using an automatic milking system. The primary hypothesis was that quarter peak milk flow rate (QPMF) is associated with increased risk of CM. A retrospective, case-control study was undertaken using data from a 1,549 cow farm using 20 automatic milking system units. All data from cows milked during March to December 2015 was available for analysis. Cases (n = 82) were defined as cows diagnosed with their first case of CM between 24 and 300 d in milk in the current lactation...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915430/care-interrupted-poverty-in-migration-and-primary-care-in-rural-resource-towns
#2
Kathleen Rice, Fiona Webster
Internationally, rural people have poorer health outcomes relative to their urban counterparts, and primary care providers face particular challenges in rural and remote regions. Drawing on ethnographic fieldnotes and 14 open-ended qualitative interviews with care providers and chronic pain patients in two remote resource communities in Northern Ontario, Canada, this article examines the challenges involved in providing and receiving primary care for complex chronic conditions in these communities. Both towns struggle with high unemployment in the aftermath of industry closure, and are characterized by an abundance of affordable housing...
September 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915062/a-recombinant-fragment-of-human-surfactant-protein-d-suppresses-basophil-activation-th2-and-b-cell-responses-in-grass-pollen-induced-allergic-inflammation
#3
Asif S Qaseem, Iesha Singh, Ansar A Pathan, Janice A Layhadi, Rebecca Parkin, Fedina Alexandra, Stephen R Durham, Uday Kishore, Mohamed H Shamji
RATIONALE: rfhSP-D has been shown to suppress house dust mite and Aspergillus fumigatus-induced allergic inflammation in murine models. OBJECTIVES: We sought to elucidate the effect of rfhSP-D on FcεRI and CD23-mediated grass pollen induced allergic inflammatory responses. METHODS: rfhSP-D, containing homotrimeric neck and lectin domains, was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (λDE3) pLysS. PBMCs and sera were obtained from grass pollen allergic individuals (n=27)...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912965/medically-important-parasites-carried-by-cockroaches-in-melong-subdivision-littoral-cameroon
#4
R J Atiokeng Tatang, H G Tsila, J Wabo Poné
Cockroaches have been recognized as mechanical vectors of pathogens that can infest humans or animals. A total of 844 adult cockroaches (436 males and 408 females) were caught. In the laboratory, cockroaches were first washed in saturated salt solution to remove ectoparasites and then rinsed with 70% alcohol, dried, and dissected for endoparasites. An overall transport rate of 47.39% was recorded. Six genera of parasites were identified. These were Ascaris (33.76%), Trichuris (11.97%), Capillaria (6.16%), Toxocara (4...
2017: Journal of Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905316/socially-housed-female-macaques-a-translational-model-for-the-interaction-of-chronic-stress-and-estrogen-in-aging
#5
REVIEW
Donna Toufexis, S Bradley King, Vasiliki Michopoulos
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Estrogen's role in cognitive aging remains unclear. Despite evidence implicating stress in pathological aging, the interaction of stress with estrogen on cognition in older women has received little attention, and few animal models exist with which to examine this interaction. RECENT FINDINGS: We present evidence that aging socially subordinate female macaques that experience chronic psychosocial stress constitute a suitable model to investigate this...
September 14, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902467/eaaci-guidelines-on-allergen-immunotherapy-prevention-of-allergy
#6
REVIEW
Susanne Halken, Desiree Larenas-Linnemann, Graham Roberts, Moises A Calderón, Elisabeth Angier, Oliver Pfaar, Dermot D Ryan, Ioana Agache, Ignacio J I J Ansotegui, Stefania Arasi, George Du Toit, Montserrat Fernandez-Rivas, Roy Geerth van Wijk, Marek Jutel, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Susanne Lau, Paolo M Matricardi, Giovanni B Pajno, Nikolaos G Papadopoulos, Martin Penagos, Alexandra F Santos, Gunter J Sturm, Frans Timmermans, R Van Ree, Eva-Maria Varga, Ulrich Wahn, Maria Kristiansen, Sangeeta Dhami, Aziz Sheikh, Muraro Antonella
Allergic diseases are common and frequently coexist. Allergen immunotherapy (AIT) is a disease-modifying treatment for IgE-mediated allergic disease with effects beyond cessation of AIT that may include important preventive effects. The European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) has developed a clinical practice guideline to provide evidence-based recommendations for AIT for prevention of i) development of allergic comorbidities in those with established allergic diseases, ii) development of first allergic condition and iii) allergic sensitization...
September 13, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902269/development-of-in-house-serological-methods-for-diagnosis-and-surveillance-of-chikungunya
#7
Saira Saborío Galo, Karla González, Yolanda Téllez, Nadezna García, Leonel Pérez, Lionel Gresh, Eva Harris, Ángel Balmaseda
Objective: To develop and evaluate serological methods for chikungunya diagnosis and research in Nicaragua. Methods: Two IgM ELISA capture systems (MAC-ELISA) for diagnosis of acute chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infections, and two Inhibition ELISA Methods (IEM) to measure total antibodies against CHIKV were developed using monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and hyperimmune serum at the National Virology Laboratory of Nicaragua in 2014-2015. The sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, and agreement of the MAC-ELISAs were obtained by comparing the results of 198 samples (116 positive; 82 negative) with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's IgM ELISA (Atlanta, Georgia, United States; CDC-MAC-ELISA)...
August 21, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900722/molecular-characterization-of-bovine-cryptosporidium-isolated-from-diarrheic-calves-in-the-sudan
#8
Shahinaz Taha, Khitma Elmalik, Berit Bangoura, Matthias Lendner, Ehab Mossaad, Arwid Daugschies
Cryptosporidiosis is a common protozoan infection causing morbidity and mortality in young cattle and may be zoonotically transmitted to humans. So far, there is no data available on the presence of Cryptosporidium spp. in the Sudan. The aim of this study was to isolate, identify, and genotype Cryptosporidium oocysts sampled from diarrheic calves housed at different farms in three different municipalities in Khartoum State (Khartoum, Khartoum North, Omdurman). A total of 149 fecal samples were evaluated microscopically for the presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts using the modified Ziehl-Neelsen staining method and 87 (58...
September 13, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900440/chlorophyll-fluorescence-imaging-uncovers-photosynthetic-fingerprint-of-citrus-huanglongbing
#9
Haiyan Cen, Haiyong Weng, Jieni Yao, Mubin He, Jingwen Lv, Shijia Hua, Hongye Li, Yong He
Huanglongbing (HLB) is one of the most destructive diseases of citrus, which has posed a serious threat to the global citrus production. This research was aimed to explore the use of chlorophyll fluorescence imaging combined with feature selection to characterize and detect the HLB disease. Chlorophyll fluorescence images of citrus leaf samples were measured by an in-house chlorophyll fluorescence imaging system. The commonly used chlorophyll fluorescence parameters provided the first screening of HLB disease...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892568/quantifying-fine-particle-emission-events-from-time-resolved-measurements-method-description-and-application-to-18-california-low-income-apartments
#10
Wanyu R Chan, Jennifer M Logue, Xining Wu, Neil E Klepeis, William J Fisk, Federico Noris, Brett C Singer
PM2.5 exposure is associated with significant health risk. Exposures in homes derive from both outdoor and indoor sources, with emissions occurring primarily in discrete events. Data on emission event magnitudes and schedules are needed to support simulation-based studies of exposures and mitigations. This study applied an identification and characterization algorithm to quantify time-resolved PM2.5 emission events from data collected during 224 days of monitoring in 18 California apartments with low-income residents...
September 11, 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890807/social-network-decay-as-potential-recovery-from-homelessness-a-mixed-methods-study-in-housing-first-programming
#11
Elizabeth Golembiewski, Dennis P Watson, Lisa Robison, John W Coberg
The positive relationship between social support and mental health has been well documented, but individuals experiencing chronic homelessness face serious disruptions to their social networks. Housing First (HF) programming has been shown to improve health and stability of formerly chronically homeless individuals. However, researchers are only just starting to understand the impact HF has on residents' individual social integration. The purpose of the current study was to describe and understand changes in social networks of residents living in a HF program...
September 2017: Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890790/evaluating-pair-versus-solitary-housing-in-kennelled-domestic-dogs-canis-familiaris-using-behaviour-and-hair-cortisol-a-pilot-study
#12
Emma K Grigg, Belle Marie Nibblett, James Q Robinson, Judit E Smits
Numerous studies conducted to assess welfare of domestic dogs housed in kennel facilities have reported that these dogs experience suboptimal living conditions. One important goal of improving welfare of kennelled dogs is to reduce their stress levels, and one recommended approach for improving welfare of kennelled dogs is group or social housing. The beneficial effects of management changes designed to achieve this goal should be measurable in individual animals. Stress is evident through behaviours exhibited, as well as via the concentration of cortisol, a key hormone reflecting stress...
2017: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888646/disparity-in-the-nasopharyngeal-microbiota-between-healthy-cattle-on-feed-at-entry-processing-and-with-respiratory-disease
#13
Mohamed Zeineldin, James Lowe, Maria de Godoy, Nidia Maradiaga, Chelsey Ramirez, Mohamed Ghanem, Yassein Abd El-Raof, Brian Aldridge
Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is one of the most serious causes of health and economic problems in the beef production industry, especially in recently weaned, intensely raised and newly transported feedlot cattle. While the importance of upper airway structure and function in the susceptibility of the lower respiratory tract to colonization with potential pathogens is well established, the role of the mucosal microbiota in respirtatory health is less well defined. The objective of this study was to characterize the nasopharyngeal microbiota of feedlot cattle at entry into a commercial feedlot, during initial management processing, and to compare the dynamics of change in these microbial communities between clinically healthy calves and those that develop BRD within the first month after entry...
September 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886207/the-biological-effects-of-kambo-is-there-a-relationship-between-its-administration-and-sudden-death
#14
Isabella Aquila, Santo Gratteri, Matteo A Sacco, Vittorio Fineschi, Simona Magi, Pasqualina Castaldo, Graziella Viscomi, Salvatore Amoroso, Pietrantonio Ricci
Kambo is a substance obtained from the skin secretions of a frog, Phyllomedusa bicolor, popular in the Amazon region, which is administered via the transdermal route. We report a case of 42-year-old man found dead in his house. Near the corpse, a plastic box labeled as "Kambo sticks" was found. The man was a chronic consumer of Kambo and no previous pathology or genetic disease emerged in clinical history from the declaration of his general practitioner. Autopsy investigations and toxicological analysis were performed...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886020/low-plasma-cortisol-and-fecal-cortisol-metabolite-measures-as-indicators-of-compromised-welfare-in-domestic-horses-equus-caballus
#15
Jodi Pawluski, Patrick Jego, Séverine Henry, Anaelle Bruchet, Rupert Palme, Caroline Coste, Martine Hausberger
The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis response to chronic stress is far from straight forward, particularly with regards to animal welfare. There are reports of no effect as well as both decreases and increases in cortisol after chronic stressors. Therefore, the first aim of the present study was to determine how measures of compromised welfare, such as chronic pain and haematological anomalies, related to cortisol levels in domestic horses (Equus caballus). Domestic horses are an informative model to investigate the impact of chronic stress (due to environment, pain, work, housing conditions…) on the HPA axis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884169/cloud-engineering-principles-and-technology-enablers-for-medical-image-processing-as-a-service
#16
Shunxing Bao, Andrew J Plassard, Bennett A Landman, Aniruddha Gokhale
Traditional in-house, laboratory-based medical imaging studies use hierarchical data structures (e.g., NFS file stores) or databases (e.g., COINS, XNAT) for storage and retrieval. The resulting performance from these approaches is, however, impeded by standard network switches since they can saturate network bandwidth during transfer from storage to processing nodes for even moderate-sized studies. To that end, a cloud-based "medical image processing-as-a-service" offers promise in utilizing the ecosystem of Apache Hadoop, which is a flexible framework providing distributed, scalable, fault tolerant storage and parallel computational modules, and HBase, which is a NoSQL database built atop Hadoop's distributed file system...
April 2017: Proc IEEE Int Conf Cloud Eng
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883615/development-of-new-experimental-platform-mars-multiple-artificial-gravity-research-system-to-elucidate-the-impacts-of-micro-partial-gravity-on-mice
#17
Dai Shiba, Hiroyasu Mizuno, Akane Yumoto, Michihiko Shimomura, Hiroe Kobayashi, Hironobu Morita, Miki Shimbo, Michito Hamada, Takashi Kudo, Masahiro Shinohara, Hiroshi Asahara, Masaki Shirakawa, Satoru Takahashi
This Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency project focused on elucidating the impacts of partial gravity (partial g) and microgravity (μg) on mice using newly developed mouse habitat cage units (HCU) that can be installed in the Centrifuge-equipped Biological Experiment Facility in the International Space Station. In the first mission, 12 C57BL/6 J male mice were housed under μg or artificial earth-gravity (1 g). Mouse activity was monitored daily via downlinked videos; μg mice floated inside the HCU, whereas artificial 1 g mice were on their feet on the floor...
September 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882906/hospital-comparison-of-stroke-care-in-sweden-a-register-based-study
#18
Ingrid Lekander, Carl Willers, Elisabeth Ekstrand, Mia von Euler, Birgitta Fagervall-Yttling, Lena Henricson, Konstantinos Kostulas, Mikael Lilja, Katharina S Sunnerhagen, Jörg Teichert, Hélène Pessah-Rasmussen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to estimate the level of health outcomes and resource use at a hospital level during the first year after a stroke, and to identify any potential differences between hospitals after adjusting for patient characteristics (case mix). METHOD: Data from several registries were linked on individual level: seven regional patient administrative systems, Swedish Stroke Register, Statistics Sweden, National Board of Health and Welfare and Swedish Social Insurance Agency...
September 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882281/the-state-of-the-residential-fire-fatality-problem-in-sweden-epidemiology-risk-factors-and-event-typologies
#19
Anders Jonsson, Carl Bonander, Finn Nilson, Fredrik Huss
INTRODUCTION: Residential fires represent the largest category of fatal fires in Sweden. The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiology of fatal residential fires in Sweden and to identify clusters of events. METHOD: Data was collected from a database that combines information on fatal fires with data from forensic examinations and the Swedish Cause of Death-register. Mortality rates were calculated for different strata using population statistics and rescue service turnout reports...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882185/effect-of-housing-arrangement-on-fecal-oral-transmission-of-avian-hepatitis-e-virus-in-chicken-flocks
#20
Baoyuan Liu, Yani Sun, Yiyang Chen, Taofeng Du, Yuchen Nan, Xinjie Wang, Huixia Li, Baicheng Huang, Gaiping Zhang, En-Min Zhou, Qin Zhao
BACKGROUND: Avian hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is common in chicken flocks in China, as currently no measures exist to prevent the spread of the disease. In this study, we analyzed the effect of caged versus cage-free housing arrangements on avian HEV transmission. First, 127 serum and 110 clinical fecal samples were collected from 4 chicken flocks including the two arrangements in Shaanxi Province, China and tested for HEV antibodies and/or virus. Concurrently, 36 specific-pathogen-free chickens were divided equally into four experimental living arrangement groups, designated cage-free (Inoculated), caged (Inoculated), cage-free (Negative) and caged (Negative) groups...
September 7, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
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