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borderline pancreas

Jia-Bin Jin, Kai Qin, Hua Li, Zhi-Chong Wu, Qian Zhan, Xia-Xing Deng, Hao Chen, Bai-Yong Shen, Cheng-Hong Peng, Hong-Wei Li
BACKGROUND: Enucleation is increasingly performed for benign or borderline tumours of the pancreas because it is a parenchyma-sparing and less invasive procedure compared to conventional pancreatectomy, which reduces the risk of exocrine and endocrine insufficiency. This study retrospectively evaluated and compared the pre-, intra-, and post-operative clinical characteristics after open and robotic approaches for pancreatic enucleation. METHODS: Fifty-six cases of enucleation for benign or borderline tumours of the pancreas treated from March 2010 to July 2015 were identified by a retrospective search...
August 4, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Seok Jeong Yang, Ho Kyoung Hwang, Chang Moo Kang, Woo Jung Lee
AIM: To provide appropriate treatment, it is crucial to share the clinical status of pancreas head cancer among multidisciplinary treatment members. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the medical records of 113 patients who underwent surgery for pancreas head cancer from January 2008 to December 2012 was performed. We developed preoperative defining system of pancreatic head cancer by describing "resectability - tumor location - vascular relationship - adjacent organ involvement - preoperative CA19-9 (initial bilirubin level) - vascular anomaly"...
July 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
William Small, John P Hayes, W Warren Suh, May Abdel-Wahab, Ross A Abrams, Nilofer Azad, Prajnan Das, Jadranka Dragovic, Karyn A Goodman, Salma K Jabbour, William E Jones, Andre A Konski, Albert C Koong, Rachit Kumar, Percy Lee, Timothy M Pawlik, Joseph M Herman
The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria® are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed every 3 years by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and review include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of a well-established consensus methodology (modified Delphi) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures by the panel. In those instances where evidence is lacking or not definitive, expert opinion may be used to recommend imaging or treatment...
July 2016: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
Agata Kujawa-Szewieczek, Marcin Adamczak, Katarzyna Kwiecień, Sylwia Dudzicz, Zofia Prażak, Andrzej Więcek
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the incidence and risk factors of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in the adult Polish population, in particular in solid organ recipients hospitalized at the nephrological ward. AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) among patients hospitalized in the Department of Nephrology, Transplantation and Internal Medicine, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice. MATERIAL/METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with Clostridium difficile infection diagnosed between October 2011 and November 2013 (26 months), identified among a total of 3728 patients hospitalized in this department during this period, were included in this retrospective, single-center study...
2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
Sabine Eckhardt, Christoph Schicker, Elisabeth Maurer, Volker Fendrich, Detlef K Bartsch
BACKGROUND: Vessel-preserving spleen preservation (SP) during distal pancreatectomy (DP) is supposed to be beneficial for patients with benign and borderline tumors. This study evaluated the first experiences with robotic-assisted laparoscopic DP (RA-LDP) and its rate of vessel preservation and SP compared to conventional laparoscopic DP (C-LDP). METHODS: Patients scheduled for spleen-preserving DP for benign or borderline tumors by either C-LDP or RA-LDP were retrieved from a prospective database and retrospectively analyzed regarding vessel-preservation and SP, conversion rate, blood loss, operating time, complications, perioperative blood transfusion, postoperative hospital stay (PHS) and mortality...
2016: Digestive Surgery
Xu-Feng Zhang, Zhi-Da Long, Xue-Min Liu, Feng Ma, Qiang Li, Yi Lv
Increase of intracellular positive ions (mainly Na(+)) indicates greater possibility of cell malignancy. The present study investigated the correlation between the Na(+) micro-current value (MCV) and tissue characteristics (normal, benign or malignant). 346 tissue samples have been detected within 30 min after surgical isolation by Na(+) detector. MCV in 102 malignant tumor was significantly higher than that in benign/borderline tumor or normal tissue (33.3 ± 8.9 μA vs. 24.4 ± 8.6 μA and 14...
2016: Scientific Reports
Liaonan Zou, Wenjun Xiong, Delong Mo, Yaobin He, Hongming Li, Ping Tan, Wei Wang, Jin Wan
BACKGROUND: Due to the emphasis of oncologic principle, a medial-to-lateral approach for laparoscopic right hemicolectomy was recommended.1 (,) 2 This approach, however, is technically challenging and involves several limitations with overweight patients, whose mesocolon may be too thick for identification of the vessel landmarks. Moreover, it is difficult for inexperienced surgeons to enter the retroperitoneum space accurately. This report describes a caudal-to-cranial approach for laparoscopic radical extended right hemicolectomy...
August 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Beth A Helmink, Rebecca A Snyder, Kamran Idrees, Nipun B Merchant, Alexander A Parikh
Successful surgical resection offers the only chance for cure in patients with pancreatic cancer. However, pancreatic resection is feasible in less than 20% of the patients. In this review, the current state of surgical management of pancreatic cancer is discussed. The definition of resectability based on cross-sectional imaging and the technical aspects of surgery, including vascular resection and/or reconstruction, management of aberrant vascular anatomy and extent of lymphadenectomy, are appraised. Furthermore, common pancreatic resection-specific postoperative complications and their management are reviewed...
April 2016: Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America
Tao Li, Zhi-Qiang Chen, Zhi-Xin Meng, Jian-Guo Hong, Xu-Ting Zhi
Pancreatic cystic lesion is a relatively uncommon condition with an estimated prevalence of 2 % in the general population. In the past two decades, there has been a dramatic increase in the prevalence of pancreatic cystic lesions because of the widespread use of high-resolution imaging, as well as the aging of the population. Pancreatic cystic lesions cover a wide spectrum of pathology and can range from obviously benign to borderline malignant potential lesions to overt malignancy. Though the presence of mural nodules, septa-like structures, or calcification on imaging examination contributes to the differential diagnosis, preoperatively determining the biological nature of these cystic lesions is sometimes challenging...
June 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Sangeetha N Kalimuthu, Stefano Serra, Neesha Dhani, Runjan Chetty
Preoperative (neoadjuvant) chemoradiation therapy/treatment (NCRT) is emerging as an important treatment modality in borderline resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The constellation of histopathological changes secondary to chemoradiation is diverse and has been well documented, particularly in other gastrointestinal organs such as the oesophagus and colorectum. However, the histological changes specific to the pancreas have not been fully characterised and described. This review aims to provide a detailed catalogue of histological features associated with NCRT-treated PDAC and highlight any subtle, less-recognised changes...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Falk Roeder
This review summarizes the current status of neoadjuvant radiation approaches in the treatment of pancreatic cancer, including a description of modern radiation techniques, and an overview on the literature regarding neoadjuvant radio- or radiochemotherapeutic strategies both for resectable and irresectable pancreatic cancer. Neoadjuvant chemoradiation for locally-advanced, primarily non- or borderline resectable pancreas cancer results in secondary resectability in a substantial proportion of patients with consecutively markedly improved overall prognosis and should be considered as possible alternative in pretreatment multidisciplinary evaluations...
February 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Yoshitane Tsukamoto, Masami Imakita, Akiko Nishitani, Toshikazu Ito, Masaaki Izukura, Seiichi Hirota
We experienced a rare case of pancreatic desmoid-type fibromatosis (DTF) in a 75-year-old Japanese woman. She was asymptomatic but routine examination including ultrasonography revealed a mass in the abdomen. For precise examination, she was referred to the regional hospital. Computed tomography showed that the mass was protruding anteriorly from the left-sided pancreas. Because of the enlargement of the mass lesion, distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy was performed after about 3 months. Macroscopically, the mass was encapsulated and approximately 8cm in diameter...
May 2016: Pathology, Research and Practice
Xiao-Liang Zhu, Wen-Bo Meng, Lei Zhang, Wen-Ce Zhou, Xun Li
BACKGROUND: Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) is a rare tumor that originates in the pancreatic duct. The diagnosis of benign, borderline or malignant to IPMN is significant in terms of making an appropriate treatment plan and prognosis. This article summarizes our clinical experience of a case report and discussion by literature review. Methods and case report: A 73 year old male patient was admitted for an occupying lesion of the pancreas. The magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) scan considered IPMN, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) also confirmed diagnosis of IPMN...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Walid L Shaib, Andrew Ip, Kenneth Cardona, Olatunji B Alese, Shishir K Maithel, David Kooby, Jerome Landry, Bassel F El-Rayes
UNLABELLED: Adenocarcinoma of the pancreas remains a highly lethal disease, with less than 5% survival at 5 years. Borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC) and locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer (LAPC) account for approximately 30% of newly diagnosed cases of PC. The objective of BRPC therapy is to downstage the tumor to allow resection; the objective of LAPC therapy is to control disease and improve survival. There is no consensus on the definitions of BRPC and LAPC, which leads to major limitations in designing clinical trials and evaluating their results...
February 2016: Oncologist
Katherine L Chapman, Matthew E Witek, Hongyu Chen, Timothy N Showalter, Voichita Bar-Ad, Amy S Harrison
To compare the roles of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and volumetric- modulated arc therapy (VMAT) therapy as compared to simple and complex 3-dimensional chemoradiotherpy (3DCRT) planning for resectable and borderline resectable pancreatic cancer. In all, 12 patients who received postoperative radiotherapy (8) or neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy (4) were evaluated retrospectively. Radiotherapy planning was performed for 4 treatment techniques: simple 4-field box, complex 5-field 3DCRT, 5 to 6-field IMRT, and single-arc VMAT...
2016: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: The SCAN pancreatic cancer workgroup aimed to develop Singapore Cancer Network (SCAN) clinical practice guidelines for systemic therapy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma in Singapore. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The workgroup utilised a modified ADAPTE process to calibrate high quality international evidence-based clinical practice guidelines to our local setting. RESULTS: Five international guidelines were evaluated- those developed by the National Cancer Comprehensive Network (2014), the European Society of Medical Oncology (2012), Cancer Care Ontario (2013), the Japan Pancreas Society (2013) and the British Society of Gastroenterology, Pancreatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, and the Association of Upper Gastrointestinal Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland (2005)...
October 2015: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
Alessandra Pulvirenti, Giovanni Marchegiani, Giuseppe Malleo, Alex Borin, Valentina Allegrini, Claudio Bassi, Roberto Salvia
Cystic neoplasms of the pancreas (CNPs) are not considered as rare entities any more. Imaging-based population studies attested an overall prevalence of 2 %, but that becomes five times higher on individuals of more than 70 year old. This family of neoplasms includes a wide spectrum of benign, borderline, and malignant lesions whose actual biological behavior has not been completely clarified yet. Moreover, the management of CNPs still represents a challenge for gastrointestinal (GI) specialists. While many CNPs have an indolent behavior that justifies surveillance, others should be resected because of the risk of progression to invasive cancer...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Surgery
R Poudel, A Acharya, S Pokhrel, S K Adhikari
Mucinous cystic neoplasms are rare tumors of uncertain histogenesis. They arise from the ovaries, pancreas, and other intra-abdominal sites but more unusually from the mesentery. They can present with abdominal pain, distension, or a palpable mass but are commonly an incidental finding. We present a case of a 33-year-old female who presented with complain of pain abdomen for one-year duration. On Physical examination there was a palpable lump in right lumbar region extending to right iliac fossa. CT scan of abdomen and pelvis suggested the mass to be a Mesenteric Cyst...
April 2015: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
L Schwarz, J Fleming, M Katz, J Lee, T Aloia, N Vauthey, C Conrad
BACKGROUND: Organ-sparing pancreatic resection is important in prophylactic surgery for cystic neoplasms. There is controversy regarding the optimal surgical approach for pancreatic lesions in the neck or proximal body of the pancreas. Central compared with distal pancreatectomy is technically more challenging, but preserves more functional pancreatic tissue. Because of the prophylactic nature of the surgery and long survival of patients with benign and borderline malignant lesions, surgeons need to stratify greater importance to surgical morbidity and sparing pancreatic parenchyma...
March 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
E Yiannakopoulou
Minimally invasive pancreatic surgery is feasible and safe. Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy should be widely adopted for benign lesions of the pancreas. Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy, although technically demanding, in the setting of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma has a number of advantages including shorter hospital stay, faster recovery, allowing patients to recover in a timelier manner and pursue adjuvant treatment options. Furthermore, it seems that progression-free survival is longer in patients undergoing laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy in comparison with those undergoing open pancreaticoduodenectomy...
December 2015: Minerva Chirurgica
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