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Nutrition response testing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315180/inflammation-based-indexes-and-clinicopathologic-features-are-strong-predictive-values-of-preoperative-circulating-tumor-cell-detection-in-gastric-cancer-patients
#1
L Zheng, K Zou, C Yang, F Chen, T Guo, B Xiong
PURPOSE: Circulating tumor cell (CTC) count and the host inflammatory response are two independent predictors for patients with various malignant disease. Several inflammation-based indicators have been demonstrated to have prognostic value in many malignant solid tumors, including systemic immune-inflammation index (SII), neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and prognostic nutrition index (PNI). The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of the inflammation-based indexes including SII, NLR PLR, and PNI for CTC detection of gastric cancer patients before surgery...
March 17, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314293/assessment-of-nutritional-and-inflammatory-status-to-determine-the-prevalence-of-malnutrition-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-colorectal-carcinoma
#2
Antonella Daniele, Rosa Divella, Ines Abbate, Addolorata Casamassima, Vito Michele Garrisi, Eufemia Savino, Porzia Casamassima, Eustachio Ruggieri, Raffaele DE Luca
BACKGROUND/AIM: Colorectal Cancer is the fourth most frequent cause of cancer death worldwide and its incidence increases from 50 years of age. It is often associated with protein-caloric malnutrition and 20% of cancer deaths occur due to this event. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of malnutrition and inflammatory status in 78 patients undergoing surgery for colorectal carcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Nutritional Status was assessed by Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA)...
March 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301592/psychosocial-correlates-of-nutritional-status-among-people-living-with-hiv-on-antiretroviral-therapy-a-matched-case-control-study-in-central-zone-of-tigray-northern-ethiopia
#3
Negassie Berhe Weldehaweria, Elsa Hagos Abreha, Meresa Gebremedhin Weldu, Kebede Haile Misgina
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition hastens progression to Acquired Human Immunodeficiency Syndromes (AIDS) related illnesses; undermines adherence and response to antiretroviral therapy (ART) in resource-poor settings. However, nutritional status of people living with HIV (PLHIV) can be affected by various psychosocial factors which have not been well explored in Ethiopia. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine psychosocial correlates of nutritional status among people living with HIV (PLHIV) on ART in Central zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300759/overcoming-dietary-assessment-challenges-in-low-income-countries-technological-solutions-proposed-by-the-international-dietary-data-expansion-inddex-project
#4
Jennifer C Coates, Brooke A Colaiezzi, Winnie Bell, U Ruth Charrondiere, Catherine Leclercq
An increasing number of low-income countries (LICs) exhibit high rates of malnutrition coincident with rising rates of overweight and obesity. Individual-level dietary data are needed to inform effective responses, yet dietary data from large-scale surveys conducted in LICs remain extremely limited. This discussion paper first seeks to highlight the barriers to collection and use of individual-level dietary data in LICs. Second, it introduces readers to new technological developments and research initiatives to remedy this situation, led by the International Dietary Data Expansion (INDDEX) Project...
March 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296004/nitrogen-modulation-of-medicago-truncatula-resistance-to-aphanomyces-euteiches-depends-on-plant-genotype
#5
Elise Thalineau, Carine Fournier, Antoine Gravot, David Wendehenne, Sylvain Jeandroz, Hoai-Nam Truong
Nitrogen (N) availability can impact plant resistance to pathogens by regulating plant immunity. To better understand the links between N nutrition and plant defence, we analysed the impact of N availability on Medicago truncatula resistance to the root pathogen Aphanomyces euteiches. This oomycete is considered as the most limiting factor for legume production. Ten plant genotypes were tested in vitro for their resistance to A. euteiches in either complete or N-deficient medium. N-deficiency led to enhanced or reduced susceptibility depending on plant genotype...
March 15, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289462/the-perception-of-low-salt-bread-among-preschool-children-and-the-role-of-educational-personnel-in-creating-a-positive-attitude-towards-reformulated-food
#6
Boris Kovac, Maja Knific
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to identify the possibility of unnoticed reduction in salt content of bread as a basic food in the diet of preschool children. The response of children to less salty bread and the role of teachers and teacher assistants in the introduction of novelties into children's nutrition ware studied. METHODS: Using hedonic sensory evaluation in the case of bread, the perception of salty taste and responses of preschool children to salt reduction were observed...
March 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283525/molecular-viability-testing-of-uv-inactivated-bacteria
#7
Kris M Weigel, Felicia K Nguyen, Moira R Kearney, John S Meschke, Gerard A Cangelosi
The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is effective at detecting bacterial DNA in samples, but it is unable to differentiate viable bacteria from inactivated cells or free DNA fragments. New PCR-based analytical strategies have been developed to address this limitation. Molecular viability testing (MVT) correlates bacterial viability with the ability to rapidly synthesize species-specific ribosomal RNA precursor (pre-rRNA) in response to brief nutritional stimulation. Previous studies demonstrated that MVT can assess bacterial inactivation by chlorine, serum, and low-temperature pasteurization...
March 10, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282392/predictive-value-of-initial-fdg-pet-features-for-treatment-response-and-survival-in-esophageal-cancer-patients-treated-with-chemo-radiation-therapy-using-a-random-forest-classifier
#8
Paul Desbordes, Su Ruan, Romain Modzelewski, Pascal Pineau, Sébastien Vauclin, Pierrick Gouel, Pierre Michel, Frédéric Di Fiore, Pierre Vera, Isabelle Gardin
PURPOSE: In oncology, texture features extracted from positron emission tomography with 18-fluorodeoxyglucose images (FDG-PET) are of increasing interest for predictive and prognostic studies, leading to several tens of features per tumor. To select the best features, the use of a random forest (RF) classifier was investigated. METHODS: Sixty-five patients with an esophageal cancer treated with a combined chemo-radiation therapy were retrospectively included. All patients underwent a pretreatment whole-body FDG-PET...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273855/integration-of-traditional-and-metabolomics-biomarkers-identifies-prognostic-metabolites-for-predicting-responsiveness-to-nutritional-intervention-against-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation
#9
You Jin Kim, Iksoo Huh, Ji Yeon Kim, Saejong Park, Sung Ha Ryu, Kyu-Bong Kim, Suhkmann Kim, Taesung Park, Oran Kwon
Various statistical approaches can be applied to integrate traditional and omics biomarkers, allowing the discovery of prognostic markers to classify subjects into poor and good prognosis groups in terms of responses to nutritional interventions. Here, we performed a prototype study to identify metabolites that predict responses to an intervention against oxidative stress and inflammation, using a data set from a randomized controlled trial evaluating Korean black raspberry (KBR) in sedentary overweight/obese subjects...
March 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272248/awareness-of-food-nutritive-value-and-eating-practices-among-nigerian-bank-workers-implications-for-nutritional-counseling-and-education
#10
Ngozi M Eze, Felicia O Maduabum, Nkechi G Onyeke, Ngozi J Anyaegunam, Chinwe A Ayogu, Bibian Amaka Ezeanwu, Chiedu Eseadi
Adequate nutrition is an important aspect of a healthy lifestyle for all individuals, including bank staff. The objective of this study was to investigate the awareness of food nutritive value and eating practices among bank workers in Lagos State, Nigeria.The study adopted a cross-sectional descriptive survey design. A purposive sample of 250 bank workers took part in the study. Means and Student t tests were employed for data analysis.Results showed that bank workers were aware of the nutritive value of foods, and that eating practices commonly adopted included skipping breakfast, eating breakfast at work, buying food at work from the bank canteen, eating in between meals, buying snacks as lunch, and consuming soft drinks daily, among others...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266060/self-reported-optometric-practise-patterns-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#11
Angelica Ly, Lisa Nivison-Smith, Barbara Zangerl, Nagi Assaad, Michael Kalloniatis
BACKGROUND: The use of advanced imaging in clinical practice is emerging and the use of this technology by optometrists in assessing patients with age-related macular degeneration is of interest. Therefore, this study explored contemporary, self-reported patterns of practice regarding age-related macular degeneration diagnosis and management using a cross-sectional survey of optometrists in Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: Practising optometrists were surveyed on four key areas, namely, demographics, clinical skills and experience, assessment and management of age-related macular degeneration...
March 7, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265360/a-nutritional-supplement-containing-lactoferrin-stimulates-the-immune-system-extends-lifespan-and-reduces-amyloid-%C3%AE-peptide-toxicity-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#12
Patricia Martorell, Silvia Llopis, Nuria Gonzalez, Daniel Ramón, Gabriel Serrano, Ana Torrens, Juan M Serrano, Maria Navarro, Salvador Genovés
Lactoferrin is a highly multifunctional glycoprotein involved in many physiological functions, including regulation of iron absorption and immune responses. Moreover, there is increasing evidence for neuroprotective effects of lactoferrin. We used Caenorhabditis elegans as a model to test the protective effects, both on phenotype and transcriptome, of a nutraceutical product based on lactoferrin liposomes. In a dose-dependent manner, the lactoferrin-based product protected against acute oxidative stress and extended lifespan of C...
March 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261173/gut-microbial-diversity-assessment-of-indian-type-2-diabetics-reveals-alterations-in-eubacteria-archaea-and-eukaryotes
#13
Shrikant S Bhute, Mangesh V Suryavanshi, Suyog M Joshi, Chittaranjan S Yajnik, Yogesh S Shouche, Saroj S Ghaskadbi
Diabetes in India has distinct genetic, nutritional, developmental and socio-economic aspects; owing to the fact that changes in gut microbiota are associated with diabetes, we employed semiconductor-based sequencing to characterize gut microbiota of diabetic subjects from this region. We suggest consolidated dysbiosis of eubacterial, archaeal and eukaryotic components in the gut microbiota of newly diagnosed (New-DMs) and long-standing diabetic subjects (Known-DMs) compared to healthy subjects (NGTs). Increased abundance of phylum Firmicutes (p = 0...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259807/impact-of-ambient-odors-on-food-intake-saliva-production-and-appetite-ratings
#14
Cristina Proserpio, Cees de Graaf, Monica Laureati, Ella Pagliarini, Sanne Boesveldt
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ambient odor exposure on appetite, salivation and food intake. 32 normal-weight young women (age: 21.4±5.3year; BMI: 21.7±1.9kg/m(2)) attended five test sessions in a non-satiated state. Each participant was exposed to ambient odors (chocolate, beef, melon and cucumber), in a detectable but mild concentration, and to a control condition (no-odor exposure). During each condition, at different time points, participants rated appetite for 15 food products, and saliva was collected...
March 1, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244792/effects-unrelated-to-anti-inflammation-of-lipid-emulsions-containing-fish-oil-in-parenteral-nutrition-for-adult-patients
#15
Javier Mateu de Antonio, Marta Florit-Sureda
Several reviews and meta-analyses on modulated inflammatory and immunologic responses after the administration of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in different diseases and conditions have been published. However, omega-3 PUFAs exert several other actions which are not directly related to immunologic or inflammatory responses. The aim of this paper was to review the effects which are not directly related to immunologic and inflammatory responses of intravenous lipid emulsions (IVLEs) containing fish oil (FO) in parenteral nutrition (PN) for adult patients...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244463/pediatric-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-experience-from-a-tertiary-cancer-center-in-india
#16
V Radhakrishnan, P Kumar, S Totadri, P Ganesan, G Selvaluxmy, T Ganesan, M Dhanushkodi, T Sagar
BACKGROUND: Pediatric nasopharyngeal carcinomas (NPCs) are rare tumors. There is paucity of data on outcomes in pediatric NPC from developing countries. AIM: The present study was conducted to ascertain the outcomes of children with NPC at our center. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of case records of pediatric NPC patients treated at our hospital was performed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the outcomes of 37 consecutive patients <18 years of age with pediatric NPC treated between 2000 and 2015...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242901/soybean-peptide-fractions-inhibit-human-blood-breast-and-prostate-cancer-cell-proliferation
#17
Srinivas J Rayaprolu, Navam S Hettiarachchy, Ronny Horax, Geetha Kumar Phillips, Mahadevan Mahendran, Pengyin Chen
In this study, we examined in vitro the bio-activity of peptide fractions obtained from soybeans against blood (CCRF-CEM and Kasumi-3), breast (MCF-7), and prostate (PC-3) cancer cell proliferation. Gastro-intestinal treated peptide fractions (<5, 5-10 and 10-50 kDa) prepared from seed proteins of two high oleic acid soybean lines-N98-4445A, S03-543CR and one high protein line-R95-1705, were tested for anticancer activity against human breast, blood and prostate cancer cell lines. Anti-proliferative cell titer assay was conducted to assess the inhibitory effects of the peptide fractions, while trypan blue dye exclusion assay was used to determine the dose response of most effective fractions...
January 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242469/time-restricted-feeding-on-weekdays-restricts-weight-gain-a-study-using-rat-models-of-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity
#18
Magnus Kringstad Olsen, Man Hung Choi, Bård Kulseng, Chun-Mei Zhao, Duan Chen
A recent study reported that a special weekly scheduled time-restricted feeding regimen (TRF), i.e., no food consumption for 15h during the light (inactive) phase per day for 5 weekdays, attenuated the outcome of diverse nutritional challenges in response to high-fat diet in mice. In the present study, we wanted to further test whether this TRF could restrict body weight gain in both juvenile and adult animals when fed a high-fat diet. Fifty male Sprague-Dawley rats at ages from 5 to 27weeks were used. First, we found that freely fed rats with 60% fat diet gained weight significantly, which was associated with more calorie intake (particularly during light phase) than those fed standard food (7% fat)...
February 24, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242013/targeting-the-microbiota-gut-brain-axis-prebiotics-have-anxiolytic-and-antidepressant-like-effects-and-reverse-the-impact-of-chronic-stress-in-mice
#19
Aurelijus Burokas, Silvia Arboleya, Rachel D Moloney, Veronica L Peterson, Kiera Murphy, Gerard Clarke, Catherine Stanton, Timothy G Dinan, John F Cryan
BACKGROUND: The realization that the microbiota-gut-brain axis plays a critical role in health and disease, including neuropsychiatric disorders, is rapidly advancing. Nurturing a beneficial gut microbiome with prebiotics, such as fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) and galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS), is an appealing but underinvestigated microbiota manipulation. Here we tested whether chronic prebiotic treatment modifies behavior across domains relevant to anxiety, depression, cognition, stress response, and social behavior...
February 24, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239499/a-dual-case-of-peritonitis-and-central-nervous-system-infection-caused-by-nutritionally-variant-streptococcal-species
#20
Sussi Vivar, Jennifer E Girotto, Thomas S Murray
Nutritional variant streptococci (NVS) are difficult to identify bacteria that can cause invasive infections such as endocarditis and meningitis. NVS as a cause of peritonitis has not been routinely described. This case of NVS as the etiology of peritonitis associated with previous neurosurgery and ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt revision demonstrates its potential role as a significant pathogen in patients with peritonitis and VP shunts. Therapy consists of vancomycin plus a second agent but since there are no standards for susceptibility testing, clinical response remains the standard for determining the efficacy of treatment...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
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