keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nutrition response testing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633683/plasminogen-activator-inhibitor-1-is-regulated-through-dietary-fat-intake-and-heritability-studies-in-twins
#1
Anna Janina Engstler, Turid Frahnow, Michael Kruse, Andreas Friedrich Hermann Pfeiffer, Ina Bergheim
In different pathophysiological conditions plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) plasma concentrations are elevated. As dietary patterns are considered to influence PAI-1 concentration, we aimed to determine active PAI-1 plasma concentrations and mRNA expression in adipose tissue before and after consumption of a high-fat diet (HFD) and the impact of additive genetic effects herein in humans. For 6 weeks, 46 healthy, non-obese pairs of twins (aged 18-70) received a normal nutritionally balanced diet (ND) followed by an isocaloric HFD for 6 weeks...
June 21, 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633582/dopamine-and-light-effects-on-facial-emotion-recognition
#2
Elizabeth Cawley, Maria Tippler, Nicholas J Coupland, Chawki Benkelfat, Diane B Boivin, Marije Aan Het Rot, Marco Leyton
Bright light can affect mood states and social behaviours. Here, we tested potential interacting effects of light and dopamine on facial emotion recognition. Participants were 32 women with subsyndromal seasonal affective disorder tested in either a bright (3000 lux) or dim light (10 lux) environment. Each participant completed two test days, one following the ingestion of a phenylalanine/tyrosine-deficient mixture and one with a nutritionally balanced control mixture, both administered double blind in a randomised order...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628383/cardiovascular-response-of-an-acute-exergame-session-in-prepubertal-obese-children
#3
Herikson Araújo Costa, Antonio Carlos Silva-Filho, Carlos José Dias, Vicenilma Andrade Martins, Thiago Mendes, André Rabelo, Francisco Navarro, Emerson Silami-Garcia, Cristiano Mostarda, Mario Sevílio
PURPOSE: We aimed to analyze the acute autonomic response of obese and eutrophic prepubertal boys to an exergame (EXG) session. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Nine eutrophic (8.89 ± 2.71 years of age and 16.42% ± 6.30% body fat) and nine obese boys (8.70 ± 1.16 years of age and 40.76% ± 4.2% body fat) participated. Nutritional state was determined using World Health Organization guidelines. Variables were collected at rest, immediately post (IP), and 60 minutes after a 20 minutes EXG session...
June 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627401/educational-nutrition-messaging-at-breakfast-reduces-snack-intake-and-influences-snack-preferences-in-adult-men-and-women
#4
Jamie I Baum, Brianna L Gaines, Gabrielle C Kubas, Charlayne F Mitchell, Sarah L Russell
Breakfast skipping is associated with increased risk of weight gain and obesity in young adults, possibly due to increased snacking later in the day. Recent research suggests that providing and animal versus a plant source of protein at breakfast can reduce snack intake later in the day. In addition, providing nutrition information via a nutrition label, front-of-pack information, or via text messaging has been shown to help individuals make healthier food choices. The objective of this study was to determine if educational nutrition messaging and protein source influenced snack intake 2 h following the breakfast meal...
June 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596503/significance-of-nlda-the-commixed-index-of-inflammation-immune-responses-hemostasis-and-nutrition-for-predicting-metastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-prognosis-and-metastases
#5
Wen-Wen Sun, Jia-An Hu, Wen-Quan Niu, Bei-Li Gao, Zhi-Hong Xu
PURPOSE: This study aimed to take a comprehensive review of the hematological indexes and discover a novel, comprehensive, and economical index for prognostic prediction. RESULTS: The predictive prognostic model revealed that an elevated value of NLDA (NLDA = neutrophil count/lymphocyte count × D-dimer count/albumin) was an independent risk factor for one-year adverse prognosis (hazard ratio = 3.038; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.959-4.712; P < 0.001). The C-indexes of internal and external validation in nomogram were 0...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594832/the-road-not-taken-could-stress-specific-mutations-lead-to-different-evolutionary-paths
#6
Deepa Agashe
Organisms often encounter stressful conditions, some of which damage their DNA. In response, some organisms show a high expression of error-prone DNA repair machinery, causing a temporary increase in the genome-wide mutation rate. Although we now have a detailed map of the molecular mechanisms underlying such stress-induced mutagenesis (SIM), it has been hotly debated whether SIM alters evolutionary dynamics. Key to this controversy is our poor understanding about which stresses increase mutagenesis and their long-term consequences for adaptation...
June 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589947/gut-microbiota-composition-in-relation-to-the-metabolic-response-to-12-week-combined-polyphenol-supplementation-in-overweight-men-and-women
#7
J Most, J Penders, M Lucchesi, G H Goossens, E E Blaak
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The intestinal microbiota may have a profound impact on host metabolism. As evidence suggests that polyphenols affect substrate utilization, the present study aimed to investigate the effects of polyphenol supplementation on intestinal microbiota composition in humans. Furthermore, we examined whether (changes in) gut microbiota composition may determine the metabolic response to polyphenol supplementation. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo (PLA)-controlled trial, 37 overweight and obese men and women (18 males/19 females, 37...
June 7, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588751/protein-tolerance-to-standard-and-high-protein-meals-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#8
Octavio Campollo, Dirk Sprengers, Gitte Dam, Hendrik Vilstrup, Neil McIntyre
AIM: To investigate the plasma amino acid response and tolerance to normal or high protein meals in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: The plasma amino acid response to a 20 g mixed protein meal was compared in 8 biopsy-proven compensated cirrhotic patients and 6 healthy subjects. In addition the response to a high protein meal (1 g/kg body weight) was studied in 6 decompensated biopsy-proven cirrhotics in order to evaluate their protein tolerance and the likelihood of developing hepatic encephalopathy (HE) following a porto-caval shunt procedure...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587069/taste-perception-of-sweet-sour-salty-bitter-and-umami-and-changes-due-to-l-arginine-supplementation-as-a-function-of-genetic-ability-to-taste-6-n-propylthiouracil
#9
Melania Melis, Iole Tomassini Barbarossa
Behavioral reaction to different taste qualities affects nutritional status and health. 6-n-Propylthiouracil (PROP) tasting has been reported to be a marker of variation in taste perception, food preferences, and eating behavior, but results have been inconsistent. We showed that l-Arg can enhance the bitterness intensity of PROP, whilst others have demonstrated a suppression of the bitterness of quinine. Here, we analyze the taste perception of sweet, sour, salty, bitter, and umami and the modifications caused by l-Arg supplementation, as a function of PROP-taster status...
May 25, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580286/role-of-nutrients-and-mtor-signaling-in-the-regulation-of-pancreatic-progenitors-development
#10
Lynda Elghazi, Manuel Blandino-Rosano, Emilyn Alejandro, Corentin Cras-Méneur, Ernesto Bernal-Mizrachi
OBJECTIVE: Poor fetal nutrition increases the risk of type 2 diabetes in the offspring at least in part by reduced embryonic β-cell growth and impaired function. However, it is not entirely clear how fetal nutrients and growth factors impact β-cells during development to alter glucose homeostasis and metabolism later in life. The current experiments aimed to test the impact of fetal nutrients and growth factors on endocrine development and how these signals acting on mTOR signaling regulate β-cell mass and glucose homeostasis...
June 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578291/feasibility-of-bidirectional-text-messages-in-evaluating-a-text-based-nutrition-education-program-for-low-income-parents-results-from-the-text2bhealthy-program
#11
Stephanie K Grutzmacher, Ashley L Munger, Katherine E Speirs, Lindsey A Zemeir, Kate C Richard, Laryessa Worthington
Text messages are increasingly used in the delivery of health education programs. One appealing aspect of this approach is the possibility of remotely collecting participant data to use in program tailoring or evaluation. The purpose of the present study is to test the feasibility of using text messages to collect participant data. Using data from 33 texted evaluation questions sent through the Text2BHealthy nutrition education program for low-income parents (n=108-1521) response rates under different incentive and prompting strategies were examined...
October 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575227/relationship-between-psychophysiological-responses-to-aversive-odors-and-nutritional-status-during-normal-aging
#12
Pauline Joussain, Camille Ferdenzi, Jelena Djordjevic, Moustafa Bensafi
Psychophysiological responses to disgusting and pleasant smells are one of the most important aspects of olfaction. These emotional signals can constitute an alert against toxic substances, and they may play a major role in food selection and nutritional intake. The aim of this study was to test this hypothesis by examining whether individual physiological responses to odors could predict the subject's nutritional status. Because aging is associated with changes in emotional response to smells, we also examined how aging affects the relationship between olfaction and nutrition...
July 1, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570247/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-stoma-quality-of-life-questionnaire-for-patients-with-a-colostomy-or-ileostomy-in-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Ana Lívia de Oliveira, Larissa Loures Mendes, Michele Pereira Netto, Isabel Cristina Gonçalves Leite
Many studies examining the quality of life of stoma patients utilize questionnaires that have not been validated specifically for these patients in their native language. Owing to the large and increasing prevalence of intestinal stomas, a cross-sectional study was conducted among patients of a stoma patient health care service in Juiz de Fora, Brazil between September 2014 and August 2015 to validate the Stoma Quality of Life (Stoma-QoL) questionnaire in Portuguese (Brazilian variant). In addition, the effect of sociodemographic, clinical, and eating habit variables on the quality of life of people with a colostomy or ileostomy was assessed...
May 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558681/enhanced-knowledge-of-spontaneous-reporting-with-structured-educational-programs-in-korean-community-pharmacists-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Yun Mi Yu, Euni Lee
BACKGROUND: While spontaneous reporting (SR) is one of the important public health activities for community pharmacists to guard patients' safety, very few studies examined educational activities and its effects on knowledge about the SR system in Korea. This study described the association between knowledge of SR and educational activities targeting community pharmacists in Korea. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were collected between September 1, 2014 and November 25, 2014...
May 30, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558252/the-effect-of-exercise-intensity-and-excess-post-exercise-oxygen-consumption-on-postprandial-blood-lipids-in-physically-inactive-men
#15
Laurel A Littlefield, Zacharias Papadakis, Katie M Rogers, José Moncada-Jiménez, J Kyle Taylor, Peter W Grandjean
BACKGROUND: Reductions in postprandial lipemia have been observed following aerobic exercise of sufficient energy expenditure. Increased excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) has been documented when comparing high- versus low-intensity exercise. The contribution of EPOC energy expenditure to alterations in postprandial lipemia has not been determined. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of low- and high-intensity exercise on postprandial lipemia in healthy, sedentary, overweight and obese men (43 <u>+</u> 10 years; 31...
May 30, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556565/demonstration-of-the-utility-of-biomarkers-for-dietary-intake-assessment-proline-betaine-as-an-example
#16
Helena Gibbons, Charlotte J R Michielsen, Milena Rundle, Gary Frost, Breige A McNulty, Anne P Nugent, Janette Walton, Albert Flynn, Michael J Gibney, Lorraine Brennan
SCOPE: There is a dearth of studies demonstrating the use of dietary biomarkers for determination of food intake. The objective of this study was to develop calibration curves for use in quantifying citrus intakes in an independent cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants (n = 50) from the NutriTech food-intake study consumed standardized breakfasts for three consecutive days over three consecutive weeks. Orange juice intake decreased over the weeks. Urine samples were analyzed by NMR-spectroscopy and proline betaine was quantified and normalized to osmolality...
May 28, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555095/nutritional-ketosis-affects-metabolism-and-behavior-in-sprague-dawley-rats-in-both-control-and-chronic-stress-environments
#17
Milene L Brownlow, Seung H Jung, Raquel J Moore, Naomi Bechmann, Ryan Jankord
Nutritional ketosis may enhance cerebral energy metabolism and has received increased interest as a way to improve or preserve performance and resilience. Most studies to date have focused on metabolic or neurological disorders while anecdotal evidence suggests that ketosis may enhance performance in the absence of underlying dysfunction. Moreover, decreased availability of glucose in the brain following stressful events is associated with impaired cognition, suggesting the need for more efficient energy sources...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552704/amylin-receptor-activation-in-the-ventral-tegmental-area-reduces-motivated-ingestive-behavior
#18
Elizabeth G Mietlicki-Baase, Lauren E McGrath, Kieran Koch-Laskowski, Joanna Krawczyk, David J Reiner, Tram Pham, Chan Tran N Nguyen, Christopher A Turner, Diana R Olivos, Mathieu E Wimmer, Heath D Schmidt, Matthew R Hayes
Amylin is produced in the pancreas and the brain, and acts centrally to reduce feeding and body weight. Recent data show that amylin can act in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) to reduce palatable food intake and promote negative energy balance, but the behavioral mechanisms by which these effects occur are not fully understood. The ability of VTA amylin signaling to reduce intake of specific palatable macronutrients (fat or carbohydrate) was tested in rats in several paradigms, including one-bottle acceptance tests, two-bottle choice tests, and a free-choice diet...
May 25, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547922/videofluoroscopic-assessment-of-the-pathophysiology-of-chronic-poststroke-oropharyngeal-dysphagia
#19
N Vilardell, L Rofes, V Arreola, A Martin, D Muriana, E Palomeras, O Ortega, P Clavé
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) is a major complaint following stroke, associated with poor clinical outcome and high mortality rates. We aimed at characterizing the kinematics of swallow response associated with unsafe swallowing in chronic poststroke patients with OD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive poststroke patients with a positive volume-viscosity swallow test for OD 3 months following stroke were studied by videofluoroscopy (VFS). Demographical and clinical factors and kinematics of swallow response were compared between those poststroke patients with safe swallow (penetration-aspiration scale, PAS≤2) and those with unsafe swallow (PAS≥3)...
May 25, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544629/household-pet-exposure-allergic-sensitization-and-rhinitis-in-the-u-s-population
#20
Josef Shargorodsky, Esther Garcia-Esquinas, Rachel Umanskiy, Ana Navas-Acien, Sandra Y Lin
BACKGROUND: The effect of animal dander exposure on allergic sensitization may be age-dependent. A comparison between the association of the levels of exposure to pet allergen with rhinitis symptoms and allergic sensitization in children and adults is yet to be performed in the U.S. POPULATION: HASH(0x3b75dc8) METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 3034 adults (age, 20 to 85 years) and 2104 children (age, 6 to 19 years) in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005-2006...
May 25, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
keyword
keyword
113040
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"