keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

end exercise

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334129/a-mitochondrial-targeted-antioxidant-improves-myofilament-ca2-sensitivity-during-prolonged-low-frequency-force-depression-at-low-po2
#1
Paulo G Gandra, Amy A Shiah, Leonardo Nogueira, Michael C Hogan
Skeletal muscle can develop a prolonged low frequency-stimulation force depression (PLFFD) following fatigue-inducing contractions. Increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in the development of PLFFD. During exercise the skeletal muscle intracellular PO2 decreases to relatively low levels, and can be further decreased when there is an impairment in O2 diffusion or availability, such as in certain chronic diseases and during exercise at high altitude. Since ROS generation by mitochondria is elevated at very low PO2 in cells, we tested the hypothesis that treatment of muscle fibres with a mitochondrial-targeted antioxidant at a very low, near hypoxic PO2 , can attenuate PLFFD...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333278/clinical-influence-of-exercise-therapy-on-sarcopenia-in-patients-with-chronic-pancreatitis-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Kazunori Yoh, Hiroki Nishikawa, Hirayuki Enomoto, Yoshinori Iwata, Akio Ishii, Yukihisa Yuri, Noriko Ishii, Yuho Miyamoto, Kunihiro Hasegawa, Chikage Nakano, Ryo Takata, Takashi Nishimura, Nobuhiro Aizawa, Yoshiyuki Sakai, Naoto Ikeda, Tomoyuki Takashima, Hiroko Iijima, Shuhei Nishiguchi
Introduction and purpose: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) involves progressive inflammatory changes to the pancreas and can lead to permanent structural damage and impairment of both endocrine and exocrine functions. Current reports highlight a rise in the incidence and prevalence of CP. However, there is limited data currently available concerning patients with CP undergoing exercise therapy (ET). We aim to prospectively examine the influence of ET on sarcopenia in patients with CP. Methods and analysis: A detailed evaluation of the nutritional condition and the daily physical activities of each participant will be conducted prior to entering the study...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332746/is-pilates-an-effective-rehabilitation-tool-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Keira Byrnes, Ping-Jung Wu, Stephney Whillier
BACKGROUND: Pilates is a system of exercise focusing upon controlled movement, stretching and breathing. Pilates is popular today not only for physical fitness but also for rehabilitation programs. This paper is a review of the literature on the effectiveness of Pilates as a rehabilitation tool in a wide range of conditions in an adult population. METHODS: A systematic literature review was carried out according to the PRISMA guidelines. Electronic databases were searched for cohort studies or randomised controlled trials (RCTs), and inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330966/static-hyperinflation-is-associated-with-ventilatory-limitation-and-exercise-tolerance-in-adult-cystic-fibrosis
#4
Daniel Stevens
INTRODUCTION: Lung hyperinflation is a potential mechanism limiting exercise tolerance. However, available data on the impact of static hyperinflation on exercise performance in adult cystic fibrosis is lacking. Furthermore, the relative contribution of both static and dynamic hyperinflation to exercise performance is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of static hyperinflation on exercise tolerance and lung dynamics in adult cystic fibrosis. METHODS: Clinical data of 107 adult patients with cystic fibrosis, including pulmonary function, lung volumes, and cardiopulmonary exercise from the Toronto Cystic Fibrosis database were collected and analyzed...
January 13, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327559/-combined-surgical-approaches-in-the-treatment-of-complex-tibial-plateau-fractures
#5
Guang-Hua Yuan, Xiao Zheng, Kang Chen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the early clinical efficacy of a posteromedial inverted "L" shape approach combined an assisted antero lateral assisted approach for the treatment of complex fractures of tibial plateau. METHODS: From March 2011 to June 2014, the posteromedial inverted "L" shape approach combined with the antero lateral assisted approach in the treatment of Schatzker type IV, V, VI tibial plateau fracture were performed in 34 cases. There were 23 males and 11 females, ranging in age from18 to 67 years old, averaged 34...
January 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327548/-research-of-tcm-synthetic-rehabilitation-on-the-recovery-of-wrist-joint-after-distal-radius-fractures
#6
Yong Zhao, Qing-Qing Dong, Wei-Kai Qin, An Yan, Kuan Zhang, Guo-Dong Zhao, Gang Wang, Jin-Chao Geng, Zhan-Feng Wang, Ze-Ming Lu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficacy and advantages of the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) synthetic rehabilitation therapy in the treatment of wrist dysfunction after distal radius fractures. METHODS: From May 2014 to October 2015, 72 patients with distal radius fracture meeting standards were treated using central randomization system for clinical research. All the patients were divided into two groups: 36 patients in test group and 36 in control group. Sixty-nine cases were finished treatment and followed up in the end...
January 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326899/effectiveness-of-a-multimodal-exercise-rehabilitation-program-on-walking-capacity-and-functionality-after-a-stroke
#7
Montserrat Grau Pellicer, Andrés Chamarro Lusar, Josep Medina Casanovas, Bernat-Carles Serdà Ferrer
The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a 12-week multimodal exercise rehabilitation program on walking speed, walking ability and activities of daily living (ADLs) among people who had suffered a stroke. Thirty-one stroke survivors who had completed a conventional rehabilitation program voluntarily participated in the study. Twenty-six participants completed the multimodal exercise rehabilitation program (2 days/wk, 1 hr/session). Physical outcome measures were: walking speed (10-m walking test), walking ability (6-min walking test and functional ambulation classification) and ADLs (Barthel Index)...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326333/comet-a-multicomponent-home-based-disease-management-programme-versus-routine-care-in-severe-copd
#8
Romain Kessler, Pere Casan-Clara, Dieter Koehler, Silvia Tognella, Jose Luis Viejo, Roberto W Dal Negro, Salvador Díaz-Lobato, Karina Reissig, José Miguel Rodríguez González-Moro, Gilles Devouassoux, Jean-Michel Chavaillon, Pierre Botrus, Jean-Michel Arnal, Julio Ancochea, Anne Bergeron-Lafaurie, Carlos De Abajo, Winfried J Randerath, Andreas Bastian, Christian G Cornelissen, Georg Nilius, Joëlle B Texereau, Jean Bourbeau
The COPD Patient Management European Trial (COMET) investigated the efficacy and safety of a home-based COPD disease management intervention for severe COPD patients.The study was an international open-design clinical trial in COPD patients (forced expiratory volume in 1 s <50% of predicted value) randomised 1:1 to the disease management intervention or to the usual management practices at the study centre. The disease management intervention included a self-management programme, home telemonitoring, care coordination and medical management...
January 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326318/long-term-benefits-of-airway-clearance-in-bronchiectasis-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#9
Gerard Muñoz, Javier de Gracia, Maria Buxó, Antonio Alvarez, Montserrat Vendrell
Keeping airways clear of mucus by airway clearance techniques seems essential in bronchiectasis treatment, although no placebo-controlled trials or any studies lasting longer than 3 months have been conducted. We evaluate the efficacy of the ELTGOL (slow expiration with the glottis opened in the lateral posture) technique over a 1-year period in bronchiectasis patients with chronic expectoration in a randomised placebo-controlled trial.Patients were randomised to perform the ELTGOL technique (n=22) or placebo exercises (n=22) twice-daily (ClinicalTrials...
January 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326092/usage-of-an-exercise-app-in-the-care-for-people-with-osteoarthritis-user-driven-exploratory-study
#10
Dorthe Boe Danbjørg, Allan Villadsen, Ester Gill, Mette Juel Rothmann, Jane Clemensen
BACKGROUND: Exercise has proven to reduce pain and increase quality of life among people living with osteoarthritis (OA). However, one major challenge is adherence to exercise once supervision ends. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify mental and physical barriers and motivational and social aspects of training at home, and to test or further develop an exercise app. METHODS: The study was inspired from participatory design, engaging users in the research process...
January 11, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324693/inhibiting-the-physiological-stress-effects-of-a-sustained-attention-task-on-shoulder-muscle-activity
#11
Fiona Wixted, Cliona O'Riordan, Leonard O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate if a breathing technique could counteract the effects of hyperventilation due to a sustained attention task on shoulder muscle activity. BACKGROUND: The trend towards higher levels of automation in industry is increasing. Consequently, manufacturing operators often monitor automated process for long periods of their work shift. Prolonged monitoring work requires sustained attention, which is a cognitive process that humans are typically poor at and find stressful...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324186/impact-of-sodium-citrate-ingestion-during-recovery-after-dehydrating-exercise-on-rehydration-and-subsequent-40-km-cycling-time-trial-performance-in-the-heat
#12
Silva Suvi, Martin Mooses, Saima Timpmann, Luule Medijainen, Daria Narõškina, Eve Unt, Vahur Ööpik
The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of sodium citrate (CIT) ingestion (600 mg·kg<sup>‒1</sup>) during recovery from dehydrating cycling exercise (DE) on subsequent 40-km cycling performance in a warm environment (32 °C). Twenty male non-heat-acclimated endurance athletes exercised in the heat until 4% body mass (BM) loss occurred. After 16 h recovery with consumption of water ad libitum and prescribed diet (evening meal 20 kcal·kg<sup>‒1</sup>, breakfast 12 kcal·kg<sup>‒1</sup>) supplemented in a double-blind, randomized, crossover manner with CIT or placebo (PLC), they performed 40-km time-trial (TT) on a cycle ergometer in a warm environment...
January 11, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322050/effects-of-umeclidinium-vilanterol-on-exercise-endurance-in-copd-a-randomised-study
#13
John H Riley, Chris J Kalberg, Alison Donald, David A Lipson, Muhammad Shoaib, Lee Tombs
This multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-period crossover study assessed the effect of umeclidinium/vilanterol (UMEC/VI) on exercise capacity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) using the endurance shuttle walk test (ESWT). Patients were randomised 1:1 to one of two treatment sequences: 1) UMEC/VI 62.5/25 µg followed by placebo or 2) placebo followed by UMEC/VI 62.5/25 µg. Each treatment was taken once daily for 12 weeks. The primary end-point was 3-h post-dose exercise endurance time (EET) at week 12...
January 2018: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321131/efficacy-of-ranolazine-in-patients-with-symptomatic-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-the-restyle-hcm-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#14
Iacopo Olivotto, Paolo G Camici, Piera Angelica Merlini, Claudio Rapezzi, Monica Patten, Vicent Climent, Gianfranco Sinagra, Benedetta Tomberli, Francisco Marin, Philipp Ehlermann, Lars S Maier, Alessandra Fornaro, Claudius Jacobshagen, Antonello Ganau, Luciano Moretti, Antonio Hernandez Madrid, Raffaele Coppini, Giorgio Reggiardo, Corrado Poggesi, Francesco Fattirolli, Luiz Belardinelli, Gianfranco Gensini, Alessandro Mugelli
BACKGROUND: The late sodium current inhibitor ranolazine reverses the main electrophysiological and mechanical abnormalities of human hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) cardiomyocytes in vitro, suggesting potential clinical benefit. We aimed to assess the effect of ranolazine on functional capacity, symptomatic status, diastolic function, and arrhythmias in HCM. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this multicenter, double-blind, phase 2 study, 80 adult patients with nonobstructive HCM (age 53±14 years, 34 women) were randomly assigned to placebo (n=40) or ranolazine 1000 mg bid (n=40) for 5 months...
January 2018: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321033/environmental-enrichment-intervention-for-rett-syndrome-an-individually-randomised-stepped-wedge-trial
#15
Jenny Downs, Jenny Rodger, Chen Li, Xuesong Tan, Nan Hu, Kingsley Wong, Nicholas de Klerk, Helen Leonard
BACKGROUND: Rett syndrome is caused by a pathogenic mutation in the MECP2 gene with major consequences for motor and cognitive development. One of the effects of impaired MECP2 function is reduced production of Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF), a protein required for normal neuronal development. When housed in an enriched environment, MECP2 null mice improved motor abilities and increased levels of BDNF in the brain. We investigated the effects of environmental enrichment on gross motor skills and blood BDNF levels in girls with Rett syndrome...
January 10, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320963/long-term-clinical-and-radiographic-results-of-the-cementless-spotorno-stem-in-japanese-patients-a-more-than-15-year-follow-up
#16
Junting Zang, Katsufumi Uchiyama, Mitsutoshi Moriya, Zhengwei Li, Kensuke Fukushima, Takeaki Yamamoto, Naonobu Takahira, Masashi Takaso, Jianguo Liu, Wei Feng
PURPOSE: Although previous studies have reported encouraging results of cementless Spotorno (CLS) stem, studies with more than 15 years of follow-up are rare. The objective of this study is to investigate the long-term results of CLS stem and the factors potentially influencing the outcomes. METHODS: The clinical and radiographic data of 79 hips (64 patients) were reviewed. Clinical outcome was determined using the Japanese Orthopedic Association's hip scoring system (JOA hip score)...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320511/application-of-a-phenotypic-drug-discovery-strategy-to-identify-biological-and-chemical-starting-points-for-inhibition-of-tslp-production-in-lung-epithelial-cells
#17
Adelina Orellana, Vicente García-González, Rosa López, Sonia Pascual-Guiral, Estrella Lozoya, Julia Díaz, Daniel Casals, Antolín Barrena, Stephane Paris, Miriam Andrés, Victor Segarra, Dolors Vilella, Rajneesh Malhotra, Paul Eastwood, Anna Planagumà, Montserrat Miralpeix, Arsenio Nueda
Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is a cytokine released by human lung epithelium in response to external insult. Considered as a master switch in T helper 2 lymphocyte (Th2) mediated responses, TSLP is believed to play a key role in allergic diseases including asthma. The aim of this study was to use a phenotypic approach to identify new biological and chemical starting points for inhibition of TSLP production in human bronchial epithelial cells (NHBE), with the objective of reducing Th2-mediated airway inflammation...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320309/isocapnic-buffering-phase-a-useful-indicator-of-exercise-endurance-and-prognosis-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#18
Yun-Shan Yen, Daniel Chiung Jui Su, Kuo-Shu Yuan, Po-Wei Chen, Julie Chi Chow, Willy Chou
OBJECTIVES: The significance of the isocapnic buffering (IB) phase - the period between the first ventilatory threshold (1stVT) and respiratory compensation point (RCP) - has not been adequately established in patients. This study aimed to determine the clinical significance of the IB phase in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. METHODS: This retrospective study included data of sixty-two CAD patients after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) performed in a single medical center between 2010-2014...
January 10, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318916/promoting-physical-activity-using-a-wearable-activity-tracker-in-college-students-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Youngdeok Kim, Angela Lumpkin, Marc Lochbaum, Steven Stegemeier, Karla Kitten
This study examined the effects of utilizing a wearable activity tracker in a credit-based physical activity instructional program (PAIP) for promoting physical activity (PA) in college students. Fourteen PAIP courses in a large public university were randomly assigned into intervention (k = 7; n = 101) and control (k = 7; n = 86) groups. All courses focused on a core curriculum that covers basic exercise and behavioral science contents through lectures and activity sessions. A Misfit Flash activity tracker was provided to students in the intervention group...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318733/culture-change-and-mandating-quality-improvement
#20
Thomas Bartlett, Edward Hewertson, Michael Vassallo
BACKGROUND: A mandatory programme of quality improvement (QI) education was developed for newly qualified Foundation Year 1 (FY1) doctors to complete their curriculum requirements. Their perceptions were evaluated to refine the programme. METHODS: The programme delivered theoretical and experiential learning. Participants were asked to form groups and to come up with their own projects addressing the areas of need that they had identified. The 9-month group project included formal teaching and a formal presentation to the hospital...
January 10, 2018: Clinical Teacher
keyword
keyword
113039
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"