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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432739/effect-of-a-4-week-elastic-resistance-band-training-regimen-on-back-kinematics-in-horses-trotting-in-hand-and-on-the-lunge
#1
T Pfau, V Simons, N Rombach, N Stubbs, R Weller
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Training and rehabilitation techniques aiming at improving core muscle strength may result in increased dynamic stability of the equine vertebral column. A system of elastic resistance bands is suggested to provide proprioceptive feedback during motion to encourage recruitment of core abdominal and hindquarter musculature for improved dynamic stability. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the effects of a specific resistance band system on back kinematics during trot in-hand and during lungeing at beginning and end of a 4-week exercise programme...
April 22, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432710/medical-students-perceptions-of-the-importance-of-exercise-and-their-perceived-competence-in-prescribing-exercise-to-older-people
#2
Agathe Daria Jadczak, Khai Loon Tam, Solomon Yu, Renuka Visvanathan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a 4.5-week geriatric medicine course on fifth year medical students' perception of the importance of and their competence in prescribing exercise to older people. METHODS: The modified Exercise and Physical Activity Competence Questionnaire was administered to 81 students before and after the course. Scores ranged from 0 to 6. One open-ended question about perceived barriers to exercise prescription was asked. RESULTS: Students' perceptions of the importance of designing an exercise prescription (P = 0...
April 22, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432606/neuromuscular-electrostimulation-a-new-therapeutic-option-to-improve-radio-cephalic-arteriovenous-fistula-maturation-in-end-stage-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#3
Lucia Martinez, Vicent Esteve, Montserrat Yeste, Vicent Artigas, Secundino Llagostera
BACKGROUND: Radio-cephalic arteriovenous fistula (RCAVF) is the gold standard vascular access for end-stage chronic kidney disease patients. Exercises after arteriovenous fistula (AVF) creation improve maturation. No articles are published regarding neuromuscular electrostimulation (NMES) in AVF maturation. OBJECTIVES: To assess the usefulness of a NMES programme on RCAVF maturation process. METHODS: An 8-week single-centre prospective study...
April 21, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431174/opportunities-for-exercise-during-pullet-rearing-part-ii-long-term-effects-on-bone-characteristics-of-adult-laying-hens-at-the-end-of-lay
#4
T M Casey-Trott, D R Korver, M T Guerin, V Sandilands, S Torrey, T M Widowski
Osteoporosis in laying hens has been a production and welfare concern for several decades. The objective of this study was to determine whether differing opportunities for exercise during pullet rearing influences long-term bone quality characteristics in end-of-lay hens. A secondary objective was to assess whether differing opportunities for exercise in adult housing systems alters bone quality characteristics in end-of-lay hens. Four flock replicates of 588 Lohmann Selected Leghorn-Lite pullets were reared in either conventional cages (Conv) or an aviary rearing system (Avi) and placed into conventional cages (CC), 30-bird furnished cages (FC-S), or 60-bird furnished cages (FC-L) for adult housing...
April 18, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428604/in-vitro-cavity-and-crown-preparations-and-direct-restorations-a-comparison-of-performance-at-the-start-and-end-of-the-fd-programme
#5
F J T Burke, V Ravaghi, L Mackenzie, N Priest, H C Falcon
Aim To assess the performance and thereby the progress of the FDs when they carried out a number of simulated clinical exercises at the start and at the end of their FD year.Methods A standardised simulated clinical restorative dentistry training exercise was carried out by a group of 61 recently qualified dental graduates undertaking a 12 months' duration foundation training programme in England, at both the start and end of the programme. Participants completed a Class II cavity preparation and amalgam restoration, a Class IV composite resin restoration and two preparations for a porcelain-metal full crown...
April 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427763/exploring-patient-experiences-and-perspectives-of-a-heart-failure-telerehabilitation-program-a-mixed-methods-approach
#6
Rita Hwang, Allison Mandrusiak, Norman R Morris, Robyn Peters, Dariusz Korczyk, Jared Bruning, Trevor Russell
OBJECTIVES: To describe patient experiences and perspectives of a group-based heart failure (HF) telerehabilitation program delivered to the homes via online video-conferencing. BACKGROUND: Limited information currently exists on patient experiences of telerehabilitation for HF. Patient feedback and end-user perspectives provide important information regarding the acceptability of this new delivery model which may have a substantial impact on future uptake. METHODS: We used mixed-methods design with purposive sampling of patients with HF...
April 17, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427551/cardiopulmonary-exercise-factors-predict-survival-in-patients-with-advanced-interstitial-lung-disease-referred-for-lung-transplantation
#7
Aimee M Layton, Hilary F Armstrong, Hanyoung P Kim, Kimbery S Meza, Frank D'Ovidio, Selim M Arcasoy
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this work was to determine if parameters assessed during Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing (CPET) while using supplemental oxygen can independently predict one-year transplant-free survival in patients with Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD) referred for lung transplant evaluation. METHODS: We performed a chart review of patients with ILD who completed CPET with 30% FiO2 and gathered spirometry, pulmonary hemodynamic, six-minute walk, and CPET data...
May 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427472/optimising-conservative-management-of-chronic-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Katherine J Simson, Clint T Miller, Jon Ford, Andrew Hahne, Luana Main, Timo Rantalainen, Wei-Peng Teo, Megan Teychenne, David Connell, Guy Trudel, Guoyan Zheng, Gary Thickbroom, Daniel L Belavy
BACKGROUND: Lower back pain is a global health issue affecting approximately 80% of people at some stage in their life. The current literature suggests that any exercise is beneficial for reducing back pain. However, as pain is a subjective evaluation and physical deficits are evident in low back pain, using it as the sole outcome measure to evaluate superiority of an exercise protocol for low back pain treatment is insufficient. The overarching goal of the current clinical trial is to implement two common, conservative intervention approaches and examine their impact on deficits in chronic low back pain...
April 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422532/effects-of-post-exercise-protein-intake-on-muscle-mass-and-strength-during-resistance-training-is-there-an-optimal-ratio-between-fast-and-slow-proteins
#9
Marina Fabre, Christophe Hausswirth, Eve Tiollier, Odeline Molle, Julien Louis, Alexandre Durguerian, Nathalie Neuveux, Xavier Bigard
While effects of the two classes of proteins found in milk (i.e. soluble proteins, including whey, and casein) on muscle protein synthesis have been well investigated after a single bout of resistance exercise (RE), the combined effects of these two proteins on the muscle responses to resistance training (RT) have not yet been investigated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the effects of protein supplementation varying by the ratio between milk soluble proteins (fast-digested protein) and casein (slow-digested protein) on the muscle to a 9-week RT program...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419026/the-gas-sampling-interval-effect-on-vo2peak-is-independent-of-exercise-protocol
#10
Cory M Scheadler, Matthew J Garver, Nicholas J Hanson
INTRODUCTION: There is a plethora of gas sampling intervals available during cardiopulmonary exercise (CPX) testing to measure peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak). Different intervals can lead to altered VO2peaks. Whether differences are affected by the exercise protocol or subject sample is not clear. The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether VO2peak differed due to manipulation of sampling intervals and whether differences were independent of the protocol and subject sample...
April 18, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418204/modeling-aesthetics-to-support-an-ecosystem-services-approach-for-natural-resource-management-decision-making
#11
Pieter N Booth, Sheryl A Law, Jane Ma, John Buonogurio, James Boyd, Jessica Turnley
This paper reviews literature on aesthetics and describes the development of vista and landscape aesthetics models. Spatially explicit variables were chosen to represent physical characteristics of natural landscapes that are important to aesthetic preferences. A vista aesthetics model evaluates the aesthetics of natural landscapes viewed from distances over 1,000 m. and a landscape aesthetics model evaluates the aesthetic value of wetlands and forests within 1,000 m from the viewer. Each of the model variables is quantified using spatially-explicit metrics on a pixel-specific basis within EcoAIM™, a GIS-based ecosystem services decision analysis support tool...
April 18, 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415084/p260right-cardiac-chambers-remodeling-in-marathon-and-ultra-trail-athletes-detected-by-speckle-tracking-echocardiography
#12
K Ujka, R M Bruno, B Catuzzo, L Bastiani, A Tonacci, G D'angelo, S Mrakic-Sposta, A Vezzoli, G Giardini, L Pratali
Background: Strenuous and chronic exercise training can have detrimental effects on cardiac morphology and function. Our aim was to evaluate the cardiac adaptation between 2 different specialties' endurance athletes: marathon runners (M) and ultra-trailers (UT). Methods: 47 M (age 45±7, men 32; training: 18 (9-53) years*days/week), 41 UT (age 42±9, men 38, training: 30 (15-66) years*days/week) were submitted in rest condition to conventional 2D echocardiography and Speckle-Tracking echo (STE) (Beyond Diogenes 2...
December 1, 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410650/prehabilitation-for-the-frail-patient-approaching-esrd
#13
REVIEW
Anoop Sheshadri, Kirsten L Johansen
Frailty is a distinct phenotype that is highly prevalent in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and appears to be more prevalent with decreasing glomerular filtration rate. Exercise training or intervention to increase physical activity may ameliorate poor physical functioning and frailty, and even may improve survival in patients with CKD. Although exercise interventions improve outcomes across the spectrum of CKD, including patients treated with dialysis, patients treated with dialysis face barriers to exercise that patients with predialysis CKD do not...
March 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409398/middle-cerebral-artery-blood-flow-velocity-during-a-4%C3%A2-km-cycling-time-trial
#14
Ben Rattray, Brittany A Smale, Joseph M Northey, Disa J Smee, Nathan G Versey
PURPOSE: This study sought to describe middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity (MCAv) during a 4 km cycling time trial, and relate it to different pacing strategies adopted by participants. METHODS: After familiarisation and a standardised exercise protocol, 15 male trained cyclists rode a 4 km time trial on a cycling ergometer. MCAv was assessed via transcranial Doppler ultrasound in the right hemisphere at resting baseline, and throughout the time trial. Mean arterial pressure, end-tidal partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PetCO2) and heart rate were assessed alongside MCAv...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406104/institutionalized-physical-activity-curriculum-benefits-of-medical-students-in-colombia
#15
Gustavo Tovar, Gabriel López, Milcíades Ibáñez, Ricardo Alvarado, Felipe Lobelo, John Duperly
BACKGROUND: Health authorities internationally have recommended implementing physical activity and exercise for health training programs within the curriculum of medical schools. The purpose of this evaluation was to determine the changes in physical fitness and health (Fitnessgram criteria) of a sports medicine and physical activity course implemented for 3rd year students in a private medical school in Bogotá, Colombia. METHODS: Intervention was targeted to 13 medical student cohorts...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405897/culturally-relevant-online-cancer-education-modules-empower-alaska-s-community-health-aides-practitioners-to-disseminate-cancer-information-and-reduce-cancer-risk
#16
Katie Cueva, Laura Revels, Melany Cueva, Anne P Lanier, Mark Dignan, K Viswanath, Teresa T Fung, Alan C Geller
To address a desire for timely, medically accurate cancer education in rural Alaska, ten culturally relevant online learning modules were developed with, and for, Alaska's Community Health Aides/Practitioners (CHA/Ps). The project was guided by the framework of Community-Based Participatory Action Research, honored Indigenous Ways of Knowing, and was informed by Empowerment Theory. A total of 428 end-of-module evaluation surveys were completed by 89 unique Alaska CHA/Ps between January and December 2016. CHA/Ps shared that as a result of completing the modules, they were empowered to share cancer information with their patients, families, friends, and communities, as well as engage in cancer risk reduction behaviors such as eating healthier, getting cancer screenings, exercising more, and quitting tobacco...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405096/cardiac-rehabilitation-for-a-skydiver-after-aortic-valve-replacement-for-pure-aortic-regurgitation-and-resection-of-the-ascending-aorta-complicated-by-active-infective-endocarditis-and-heart-block-requiring-a-pacemaker
#17
Tonja R Solomon, Sandra DeJong, Tim Bilbrey, Pasquale Carbone, Mark Campbell, Robert D Parker, Alessandra Lira, Diogo Amarante, Jeffrey M Schussler, Jenny Adams
A professional skydiver underwent aortic valve and ascending aorta replacement complicated by infective endocarditis with root abscess and pacemaker implantation. He then enrolled in the Baylor Heart and Vascular Hospital cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program as part of its specificity of testing and exercise training facility. He performed specific skydiving cardiovascular and muscular strength tests at the beginning and the end of the CR program. His pacemaker was interrogated to ascertain any arrhythmias or lead displacement over the course of the CR program...
April 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403861/cardiac-shock-wave-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-coronary-artery-disease-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Greta Burneikaitė, Evgeny Shkolnik, Jelena Čelutkienė, Gitana Zuozienė, Irena Butkuvienė, Birutė Petrauskienė, Pranas Šerpytis, Aleksandras Laucevičius, Amir Lerman
AIM: To systematically review currently available cardiac shock-wave therapy (CSWT) studies in humans and perform meta-analysis regarding anti-anginal efficacy of CSWT. METHODS: The Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, Medline, Medscape, Research Gate, Science Direct, and Web of Science databases were explored. In total 39 studies evaluating the efficacy of CSWT in patients with stable angina were identified including single arm, non- and randomized trials. Information on study design, subject's characteristics, clinical data and endpoints were obtained...
April 12, 2017: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401595/assessing-a-cognitive-music-training-for-older-participants-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Michele Biasutti, Anthony Mangiacotti
OBJECTIVES: In a randomised controlled trial, we investigated whether a cognitive training based on rhythm-music and music improvisation exercises had positive effects on executive functions in older participants. METHODS: Thirty-five residents in a guest home with mild-moderate cognitive impairment and healthy ageing were randomly assigned to an experimental group (n = 18) featuring cognitive music training composed of 12 bi-weekly 70-min sessions, and a control group (n = 17) attended 12 bi-weekly 45-min sessions of gymnastic activities offered by the institute...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400506/acute-elevations-in-serum-hormones-are-attenuated-after-chronic-training-with-traditional-isoinertial-but-not-accentuated-eccentric-loads-in-strength-trained-men
#20
Simon Walker, Keijo Häkkinen, Guy Gregory Haff, Anthony J Blazevich, Robert U Newton
It has been proposed that the maintenance of acute hormonal responses reveal an efficacy of a training stimulus to evoke ongoing increases in strength and muscle mass. We previously observed that maximum strength continued to improve throughout a 10-week period in an accentuated eccentric loading group (AEL) but not a traditional isoinertial loading (ISO) group. Therefore, this study investigated whether the magnitude of acute hormonal responses was greater (i.e., maintained) in AEL compared to ISO at the end of the training period...
April 2017: Physiological Reports
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