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Yannick Poitelon, M Laura Feltri
In the peripheral nervous system, axons dictate the differentiation state of Schwann cells. Most of this axonal influence on Schwann cells is due to juxtacrine interactions between axonal transmembrane molecules (e.g., the neuregulin growth factor) and receptors on the Schwann cell (e.g., the ErbB2/ErbB3 receptor). The fleeting nature of this interaction together with the lack of synchronicity in the development of the Schwann cell population limits our capability to study this phenomenon in vivo. Here we present a simple Boyden Chamber-based method to study this important cell-cell interaction event...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Chengqiang Wu, Chun Gui, Lang Li, Yiheng Pang, Zhongli Tang, Jing Wei
Neuregulin-1 (NRG-1) is a positive regulator of angiogenesis, which suggests there may be an association between NRG-1 and angiogenic factors. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of treating human cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (HCMECs) with angiogenic factors on NRG-1 expression and secretion. HCMECs were cultured and stimulated with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF; 100 ng/ml), angiopoietin (Ang)-1 (100 ng/ml) or Ang-2 (100 ng/ml) under normal or hypoxia/serum deprivation (Hypo/SD) conditions for 24 h...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Sofie Ellebæk Pollmann, Valerie S Calvert, Shruti Rao, Simina M Boca, Subha Madhavan, Ivan D Horak, Andreas Kjaer, Emanuel F Petricoin, Michael Kragh, Thomas Tuxen Poulsen
Failure of clinical trials due to development of resistance to MET-targeting therapeutic agents is an emerging problem. Mechanisms of acquired resistance to MET tyrosine kinase inhibitors are well described, whereas characterization of mechanisms of resistance toward MET-targeting antibodies is limited. This study investigated mechanisms underlying in vivo resistance to two antibody therapeutics currently in clinical development: an analogue of the MET-targeting antibody emibetuzumab and Sym015, a mixture of two antibodies targeting non-overlapping epitopes of MET...
March 15, 2018: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Domenico Trombetta, Paolo Graziano, Aldo Scarpa, Angelo Sparaneo, Giulio Rossi, Antonio Rossi, Massimo Di Maio, Davide Antonello, Andrea Mafficini, Federico Pio Fabrizio, Maria Carmina Manzorra, Teresa Balsamo, Flavia Centra, Michele Simbolo, Angela Pantalone, Michela Notarangelo, Paola Parente, Maria Cecilia Lucia Dimitri, Antonio Bonfitto, Fabiola Fiordelisi, Clelia Tiziana Storlazzi, Alberto L'Abbate, Marco Taurchini, Evaristo Maiello, Vito Michele Fazio, Lucia Anna Muscarella
NRG1 fusions were recently reported as a new molecular feature of Invasive Mucinous Adenocarcinoma (IMA) of the lung. The NRG1 chimeric ligand acts as a strong inductor of phosphorylation and tyrosine kinase activity of the ErbB2/ErbB3 heterodimer, thus enhancing the PI3K-AKT/MAPK pathways. The NRG1 fusions were widely investigated in Asian IMA cohorts, whereas just anecdotal information are available about the occurrence of NRG1 fusions in IMA Caucasian population. Here we firstly explored a large Caucasian cohort of 51 IMAs and 34 non-IMA cases for the occurrence of NRG1 rearrangements by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and RNA target sequencing...
February 9, 2018: Oncotarget
Andrew Graham Hill, Michael Findlay, Matthew Burge, Christopher Jackson, Pilar García Alfonso, Leslie Samuel, Vinod Ganju, Meinolf Karthaus, Alessio Amatu, Mark Jeffery, Maria Di Bartolomeo, John Bridgewater, Andrew L Coveler, Manuel Hidalgo, Amy V Kapp, Roxana Sufan, Bruce McCall, William Hanley, Elicia Penuel, Andrea Pirzkall, Josep Tabernero
PURPOSE: Duligotuzumab is a dual-action antibody directed against EGFR and HER3. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: mCRC patients with KRAS ex2 wild-type received duligotuzumab or cetuximab and FOLFIRI until progression or intolerable toxicity. Mandatory tumor samples underwent mutation and biomarker analysis. Efficacy analysis was conducted in patients with RAS exon 2/3 wild-type tumors. RESULTS: Of 134 randomized patients, 98 were RAS ex2/3 wild-type...
March 5, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Amit Katiyar, Sujata Sharma, Tej P Singh, Punit Kaur
Women with endometriosis (EMS) appear to be at a higher risk of developing other autoimmune diseases predominantly multiple sclerosis (MS). Though EMS and MS are evidently diverse in their phenotype, they are linked by a common autoimmune condition or immunodeficiency which could play a role in the expansion of endometriosis and possibly increase the risk of developing MS in women with EMS. However, the common molecular links connecting EMS with MS are still unclear. We conducted a meta-analysis of microarray experiments focused on EMS and MS with their respective controls...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
Brooke R Druliner, Panwen Wang, Taejeong Bae, Saurabh Baheti, Seth Slettedahl, Douglas Mahoney, Nikolaos Vasmatzis, Hang Xu, Minsoo Kim, Matthew Bockol, Daniel O'Brien, Diane Grill, Nathaniel Warner, Miguel Munoz-Gomez, Kimberlee Kossick, Ruth Johnson, Mohamad Mouchli, Donna Felmlee-Devine, Jill Washechek-Aletto, Thomas Smyrk, Ann Oberg, Junwen Wang, Nicholas Chia, Alexej Abyzov, David Ahlquist, Lisa A Boardman
The majority of colorectal cancer (CRC) arises from precursor lesions known as polyps. The molecular determinants that distinguish benign from malignant polyps remain unclear. To molecularly characterize polyps, we utilized Cancer Adjacent Polyp (CAP) and Cancer Free Polyp (CFP) patients. CAPs had tissues from the residual polyp of origin and contiguous cancer; CFPs had polyp tissues matched to CAPs based on polyp size, histology and dysplasia. To determine whether molecular features distinguish CAPs and CFPs, we conducted Whole Genome Sequencing, RNA-seq, and RRBS on over 90 tissues from 31 patients...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jet van der Kemp, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Folkert W Asselbergs, N Charlotte Onland-Moret
Heart failure is a complex disease, which is presented differently by men and women. Several studies have shown that reproductive factors, such as age at natural menopause, parity and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), may play a role in the development of heart failure. Shared genetics may provide clues to underlying mechanisms; however, this has never been examined. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to explore whether any reproductive factor is potentially related to heart failure in women, based on genetic similarities...
March 2018: Maturitas
Chul Min Park, Yuki Kawasaki, Alaa Refaat, Hiroaki Sakurai
Cisplatin (CDDP) and doxorubicin (DOX) are chemotherapeutic drugs that trigger apoptosis by inducing DNA-damage. A previous study using breast cancer cells demonstrated the negative feedback modulation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and receptor tyrosine-protein kinase erbB-2 (ErbB2) via extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-mediated phosphorylation of conserved Thr-669 and Thr-677 residues, respectively, in the juxtamembrane domain. In addition, CDDP has been identified to cause negative feedback inhibition of activated EGFR in lung cancer cells...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
David M Hyman, Sarina A Piha-Paul, Helen Won, Jordi Rodon, Cristina Saura, Geoffrey I Shapiro, Dejan Juric, David I Quinn, Victor Moreno, Bernard Doger, Ingrid A Mayer, Valentina Boni, Emiliano Calvo, Sherene Loi, Albert C Lockhart, Joseph P Erinjeri, Maurizio Scaltriti, Gary A Ulaner, Juber Patel, Jiabin Tang, Hannah Beer, S Duygu Selcuklu, Aphrothiti J Hanrahan, Nancy Bouvier, Myra Melcer, Rajmohan Murali, Alison M Schram, Lillian M Smyth, Komal Jhaveri, Bob T Li, Alexander Drilon, James J Harding, Gopa Iyer, Barry S Taylor, Michael F Berger, Richard E Cutler, Feng Xu, Anna Butturini, Lisa D Eli, Grace Mann, Cynthia Farrell, Alshad S Lalani, Richard P Bryce, Carlos L Arteaga, Funda Meric-Bernstam, José Baselga, David B Solit
Somatic mutations of ERBB2 and ERBB3 (which encode HER2 and HER3, respectively) are found in a wide range of cancers. Preclinical modelling suggests that a subset of these mutations lead to constitutive HER2 activation, but most remain biologically uncharacterized. Here we define the biological and therapeutic importance of known oncogenic HER2 and HER3 mutations and variants of unknown biological importance by conducting a multi-histology, genomically selected, 'basket' trial using the pan-HER kinase inhibitor neratinib (SUMMIT; clinicaltrials...
February 8, 2018: Nature
Loic Verlingue, Antoine Hollebecque, Ludovic Lacroix, Sophie Postel-Vinay, Andrea Varga, Yolla El Dakdouki, Capucine Baldini, Rastilav Balheda, Anas Gazzah, Jean-Marie Michot, Aurélien Marabelle, Olivier Mir, Monica Arnedos, Etienne Rouleau, Eric Solary, Thierry De Baere, Eric Angevin, Jean-Pierre Armand, Stefan Michiels, Fabrice André, Eric Deutsch, Jean-Yves Scoazec, Jean-Charles Soria, Christophe Massard
INTRODUCTION: Therapeutic inhibition of the human epidermal receptor 3 (ERBB3, HER3) has been challenged by the low frequency of ERBB3 somatic alterations across cancer types. We have evaluated the clinical utility to use available inhibitors of the HER family in the context of ERBB3 mutations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this study, we have selected patients with somatic ERBB3 alterations detected in their tumours from the molecular screening programs running at our institution...
January 27, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
Chun-Chia Cheng, Kuei-Fang Chou, Cheng-Wen Wu, Nai-Wen Su, Cheng-Liang Peng, Ying-Wen Su, Jungshan Chang, Ai-Sheng Ho, Huan-Chau Lin, Caleb Gon-Shen Chen, Bi-Ling Yang, Yu-Cheng Chang, Ya-Wen Chiang, Ken-Hong Lim, Yi-Fang Chang
OBJECTIVES: YM155, an inhibitor of interleukin enhancer-binding factor 3 (ILF3), significantly suppresses cancer stemness property, implying that ILF3 contributes to cell survival of cancer stem cells. However, the molecular function of ILF3 inhibiting cancer stemness remains unclear. This study aimed to uncover the potential function of ILF3 involving in cell survival of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-positive lung stem-like cancer, and to investigate the potential role to improve the efficacy of anti-EGFR therapeutics...
February 2018: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Christine Hoesl, Jennifer M Röhrl, Marlon R Schneider, Maik Dahlhoff
BACKGROUND: The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and associated receptors ERBB2 and ERBB3 are important for skin development and homeostasis. To date, ERBB4 could not be unambiguously identified in the epidermis. The aim of this study was to analyze the ERBB-receptor family with a special focus on ERBB4 in vitro in human keratinocytes and in vivo in human and murine epidermis. METHODS: We compared the transcript levels of all ERBB-receptors and the seven EGFR-ligands in HaCaT and A431 cells...
January 30, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Meili Zhang, Buqing Sai, Pengfei Cao, Zheng Li, Liyang Zhang, Cijun Shuai, Xinye Wang, Jia Wang, Guiyuan Li, Juanjuan Xiang, Jingqun Tang
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for 85% of lung cancer cases. EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) such as erlotinib and gefitinib, are currently approved for the management of NSCLC. However, primary and acquired resistances to EGFR-TKIs are the major obstacles in the treatment of NSCLC. These resistances have been associated with the development of secondary mutations in EGFR or continued oncogenic signaling despite TKI treatment. In this study, NSCLC cells with wild-type EGFR, A549, H460, H358, H157 which do not respond to EGFR-TKIs, were used...
April 2017: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Malgorzata Milewska, Mattia Cremona, Clare Morgan, John O'Shea, Aoife Carr, Sri H Velanki, Ann M Hopkins, Sinead Toomey, Stephen F Madden, Bryan T Hennessy, Alex J Eustace
Background: The application of genomic technologies to patient tumor samples identified groups of signaling pathways which acquire activating mutations. Some cancers are dependent on these mutations and the aberrant proteins resulting from these mutations can be targeted by novel drugs which can eradicate the cancer. Methods: We used to determine the frequency of ERBB mutations in solid tumors. We then determined the sensitivity of a panel of cell lines to clinically available PI3K inhibitors...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology
Jason A Hanna, Matthew R Garcia, Alicia Lardennois, Patrick J Leavey, Dino Maglic, Alexandre Fagnan, Jonathan C Go, Jordan Roach, Yong-Dong Wang, David Finkelstein, Mark E Hatley
Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common soft-tissue sarcoma in childhood and histologically resembles developing skeletal muscle. Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS) is an aggressive subtype with a higher rate of metastasis and poorer prognosis. The majority of ARMS tumors (80%) harbor a PAX3-FOXO1 or less commonly a PAX7-FOXO1 fusion gene. The presence of either the PAX3-FOXO1 or PAX7-FOXO1 fusion gene foretells a poorer prognosis resulting in clinical re-classification as either fusion-positive (FP-RMS) or fusion-negative RMS (FN-RMS)...
January 25, 2018: Oncogene
Xiyong Wang, Xiaoli Zhu, Hongming Zhang, Shuzhen Wei, Yan Chen, Yang Chen, Fei Wang, Xiaobo Fan, Shuhua Han, Guoqiu Wu
Recent reports have indicated that circular RNA (circRNA) may regulate Lung adenocarcinoma (LAC) development. Our previous studies showed that hsa_circ_0012673 was up-regulated in a circRNA microarray. However, its expression level in LAC has not been verified, and the underlying molecular mechanisms in LAC are unknown. In this study, we found that the expression of hsa_circ_0012673 was up-regulated in LAC tissues compared to pair-matched adjacent non-tumor tissues (P = 0.0079), and that the expression level was associated with tumour size (P = 0...
January 30, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Tomáš Lukeš, Jakub Pospíšil, Karel Fliegel, Theo Lasser, Guy M Hagen
Background: Super-resolution single molecule localization microscopy (SMLM) is a method for achieving resolution beyond the classical limit in optical microscopes (approx. 200 nm laterally). Yellow fluorescent protein (YFP) has been used for super-resolution single molecule localization microscopy, but less frequently than other fluorescent probes. Working with YFP in SMLM is a challenge because a lower number of photons are emitted per molecule compared to organic dyes which are more commonly used...
January 19, 2018: GigaScience
Benedetta Elena Fornasari, Giulia Ronchi, Davide Pascal, Davide Visigalli, Giovanna Capodivento, Lucilla Nobbio, Isabelle Perroteau, Angelo Schenone, Stefano Geuna, Giovanna Gambarotta
Neuregulin1 (NRG1) is a growth factor playing a pivotal role in peripheral nerve development through the activation of the transmembrane co-receptors ErbB2-ErbB3. Soluble NRG1 isoforms, mainly secreted by Schwann cells, are strongly and transiently up-regulated after acute peripheral nerve injury, thus suggesting that they play a crucial role also in the response to nerve damage. Here we show that in the rat experimental model of the peripheral demyelinating neuropathy Charcot-Marie-Tooth 1A (CMT1A) the expression of the different NRG1 isoforms (soluble, type α and β, type a and b) is strongly up-regulated, as well as the expression of NRG1 co-receptors ErbB2-ErbB3, thus showing that CMT1A nerves have a gene expression pattern highly reminiscent of injured nerves...
January 1, 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
D Ian Flitcroft, James Loughman, Christine F Wildsoet, Cathy Williams, Jeremy A Guggenheim
Purpose: To test the hypothesis that genes known to cause clinical syndromes featuring myopia also harbor polymorphisms contributing to nonsyndromic refractive errors. Methods: Clinical phenotypes and syndromes that have refractive errors as a recognized feature were identified using the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database. One hundred fifty-four unique causative genes were identified, of which 119 were specifically linked with myopia and 114 represented syndromic myopia (i...
January 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
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