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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145575/validity-of-the-somatic-symptom-disorder-b-criteria-scale-ssd-12-in-primary-care
#1
Anne Toussaint, Bernhard Riedl, Simon Kehrer, Antonius Schneider, Bernd Löwe, Klaus Linde
Aim: The Somatic Symptom Disorder-B Criteria Scale (SSD-12) assesses the psychological features of DSM-5 somatic symptom disorder. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the psychometric characteristics and validity of the 12-item instrument to demonstrate its suitability in primary care. Method: The study was designed as a cross-sectional survey set in five primary care practices from Munich, Germany (n = 501, 52.0% female, mean age 47 ± 16 years)...
November 13, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145183/catastrophe-reaction-and-emotionalism
#2
Antonio Carota, Julien Bogousslavsky
The catastrophic reaction (CR; a disruptive and uncontrolled behavior triggered by anger, irritability, and hostility) and emotionalism (a condition of uncontrolled crying or laughing) are disorders of the emotional regulation and expression, the prevalence of which is underestimated in neurology. Their occurrence is an additional factor of poor outcome for neurologic patients. Although they have been recognized and completely described in their clinical manifestations more than a century ago, many issues remain unsolved regarding their pathogenesis and the respective role of the brain damage and psychological factors...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145095/fear-of-food-prospectively-predicts-drive-for-thinness-in-an-eating-disorder-sample-recently-discharged-from-intensive-treatment
#3
Cheri A Levinson, Leigh C Brosof, Jackie Ma, Laura Fewell, Eric J Lenze
Fears of food are common in individuals with eating disorders and contribute to the high relapse rates. However, it is unknown how fears of food contribute to eating disorder symptoms across time, potentially contributing to an increased likelihood of relapse. Participants diagnosed with an eating disorder (N=168) who had recently completed intensive treatment were assessed after discharge and one month later regarding fear of food, eating disorder symptoms, anxiety sensitivity, and negative affect. Cross lagged path analysis was utilized to determine if fear of food predicted subsequent eating disorder symptoms one month later...
November 9, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145078/the-efficacy-of-group-metacognitive-therapy-for-children-mct-c-with-generalized-anxiety-disorder-an-open-trial
#4
Barbara Hoff Esbjørn, Nicoline Normann, Bianca Munkebo Christiansen, Marie Louise Reinholdt-Dunne
Metacognitive therapy is an effective treatment for anxiety disorders in adults. Studies have demonstrated that the underlying theoretical model is also supported in children. It has therefore been suggested that metacognitive therapy for children may be effective. Our study is an open trial of metacognitive therapy for children with generalized anxiety as their primary disorder. Therapy was provided in groups. Families were interviewed with the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule - child/parent versions. They reported on the child's anxiety levels using the Revised Childrens Anxiety and Depression Scale - child/parent versions...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144545/music-therapy-for-depression
#5
REVIEW
Sonja Aalbers, Laura Fusar-Poli, Ruth E Freeman, Marinus Spreen, Johannes Cf Ket, Annemiek C Vink, Anna Maratos, Mike Crawford, Xi-Jing Chen, Christian Gold
BACKGROUND: Depression is a highly prevalent mood disorder that is characterised by persistent low mood, diminished interest, and loss of pleasure. Music therapy may be helpful in modulating moods and emotions. An update of the 2008 Cochrane review was needed to improve knowledge on effects of music therapy for depression. OBJECTIVES: 1. To assess effects of music therapy for depression in people of any age compared with treatment as usual (TAU) and psychological, pharmacological, and/or other therapies...
November 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144189/clinical-and-personality-disorders-in-a-danish-treatment-seeking-sample-of-intimate-partner-violence-perpetrators
#6
Ask Elklit, Siobhan Murphy, Christine Jacobsen, Morgan Kezia Jensen
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global public health concern with profound psychological consequences. Perpetrators often have a history of childhood trauma and a range of co-occurring psychiatric problems, which may have implications for treatment. This study examines the prevalence of psychiatric and personality disorders (PD) among perpetrators and the association between a range of demographic, childhood trauma, and adult criminality variables for the most prominent disorders. Data were collected from IPV perpetrators ( n = 529) engaging in a treatment program, ' Dialogue Against Violence'...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143977/manuscript-title-motivation-and-treatment-credibility-predict-alliance-in-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-youth-with-anxiety-disorders-in-community-clinics
#7
K W Fjermestad, M D Lerner, B D McLeod, G J H Wergeland, B S M Haugland, O E Havik, L-G Öst, W K Silverman
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether motivation and treatment credibility predicted alliance in a 10-session cognitive behavioral treatment delivered in community clinics for youth anxiety disorders. METHOD: Ninety-one clinic-referred youths (meanage  = 11.4 years, standard deviation = 2.1, range 8-15 years, 49.5% boys) with anxiety disorders-rated treatment motivation at pretreatment and perceived treatment credibility after session 1. Youths and therapists (YT) rated alliance after session 3 (early) and session 7 (late)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143889/beyond-pathologizing-harm-understanding-ptsd-in-the-context-of-war-experience
#8
Patricia Benner, Jodi Halpern, Deborah R Gordon, Catherine Long Popell, Patricia W Kelley
An alternative to objectifying approaches to understanding Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) grounded in hermeneutic phenomenology is presented. Nurses who provided care for soldiers injured in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, and sixty-seven wounded male servicemen in the rehabilitation phase of their recovery were interviewed. PTSD is the one major psychiatric diagnosis where social causation is established, yet PTSD is predominantly viewed in terms of the usual neuro-physiological causal models with traumatic social events viewed as pathogens with dose related effects...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143483/the-impact-of-mental-health-comorbidities-on-adherence-to-buprenorphine-a-claims-based-analysis
#9
Megan Litz, Douglas Leslie
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous research has been inconclusive about whether opioid-dependent patients with psychiatric comorbidities have shorter treatment retention and higher relapse rates. This study aims to evaluate the impact of mental health comorbidities on adherence to buprenorphine using a large, national health insurance claims data base. METHODS: We used MarketScan® data from 2012 to 2014 to perform this analysis. Inclusion criteria included all patients with an opioid use disorder-related ICD-9 code who had been prescribed buprenorphine (n = 2947)...
November 16, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143475/amygdala-sub-regional-functional-connectivity-predicts-anxiety-in-children-with-reading-disorder
#10
Katie Davis, Amy E Margolis, Lauren Thomas, Zhiyong Huo, Rachel Marsh
Pediatric reading disorder (RD) is associated with an increased risk of anxiety symptoms, yet understudied are the neurobiological factors that might underlie anxiety in children with RD. Given the role of the amygdala in anxiety, we assessed resting state functional connectivity of amygdalar subregions in children with RD to identify functional correlates of anxiety and reading impairment. We collected resting state functional MRI data from 22 children with RD and 21 typically developing (TD) children, ages 7 to 13 years...
November 15, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143197/three-cases-of-hereditary-tyrosinaemia-type-1-neuropsychiatric-outcomes-and-brain-imaging-following-treatment-with-ntbc
#11
Helen Walker, Mervi Pitkanen, Yusof Rahman, Sally F Barrington
AIM: To examine neuropsychiatric outcomes in adults with hereditary tyrosinaemia type I (HT-1), treated with 2-(2-nitro-4-trifluoromethylbenzoyl)-1,3-cyclohexanedione (NTBC) and correlate these with functional imaging as well as with tyrosine and phenylalanine-tyrosine (Phe:Tyr) ratios. DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of three adult HT-1 patients with a particular focus on their FDG PET/CT brain scans, neuropsychiatric assessment (including neurocognitive assessment and mood and anxiety ratings) as well as mean tyrosine and phenylalanine levels and Phe:Tyr ratios for 3-month period...
November 16, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142665/treatment-of-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-associated-schizophrenia-with-comorbid-anxiety-and-panic-disorder
#12
Candace B Borders, Amanda Suzuki, David Safani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2017: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141661/preventing-enduring-behavioural-problems-in-young-children-through-early-psychological-intervention-healthy-start-happy-start-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Paul G Ramchandani, Christine O'Farrelly, Daphne Babalis, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Sarah Byford, Ellen S R Grimas, Jane E Iles, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Julia McGinley, Charlotte M Phillips, Alan Stein, Jane Warwick, Hillary C Watt, Stephen Scott
BACKGROUND: Behavioural problems are common in early childhood, and can result in enduring costs to the individual and society, including an increased risk of mental and physical illness, criminality, educational failure and drug and alcohol misuse. Most previous research has examined the impact of interventions targeting older children when difficulties are more established and harder to change, and have rarely included fathers. We are conducting a trial of a psychological intervention delivered to families with very young children, engaging both parents where possible...
November 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141007/escitalopram-and-nht-normalized-stress-induced-anhedonia-and-molecular-neuroadaptations-in-a-mouse-model-of-depression
#14
Or Burstein, Motty Franko, Eyal Gale, Assaf Handelsman, Segev Barak, Shai Motsan, Alon Shamir, Roni Toledano, Omri Simhon, Yafit Hirshler, Gang Chen, Ravid Doron
Anhedonia is defined as a diminished ability to obtain pleasure from otherwise positive stimuli. Anxiety and mood disorders have been previously associated with dysregulation of the reward system, with anhedonia as a core element of major depressive disorder (MDD). The aim of the present study was to investigate whether stress-induced anhedonia could be prevented by treatments with escitalopram or novel herbal treatment (NHT) in an animal model of depression. Unpredictable chronic mild stress (UCMS) was administered for 4 weeks on ICR outbred mice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140490/distress-management-through-mind-body-therapies-in-oncology
#15
Linda E Carlson
Distress is highly prevalent in cancer survivors, from the point of diagnosis through treatment and recovery, with rates higher than 45% reported worldwide. One approach for helping people cope with the inherent stress of cancer is through the use of mind-body therapies (MBTs) such as mediation, yoga, hypnosis, relaxation, and imagery, which harness the power of the mind to affect physical and psychological symptoms. One group of MBTs with a growing body of research evidence to support their efficacy focus on training in mindfulness meditation; these are collectively known as mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140450/smoking-cessation-delivery-by-general-practitioners-in-crete-greece
#16
Charis Girvalaki, Sophia Papadakis, Constantine Vardavas, Eleni Petridou, Andrew Pipe, Christos Lionis
Background: Tobacco dependence treatment in clinical settings is of prime public health importance, especially in Greece, a country experiencing one of the highest rates of tobacco use in Europe. Methods: Our study aimed to examine the characteristics of tobacco users and document rates of tobacco treatment delivery in general practice settings in Crete, Greece. A cross-sectional sample of patients (n = 2, 261) was screened for current tobacco use in 25 general practices in Crete, Greece in 2015/16...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139207/patient-reported-outcomes-of-slow-single-arc-rotation-do-we-need-rotating-gantries
#17
Brendan Whelan, Miriam Welgampola, Leigh McGarvie, Kuldeep Makhija, Robin M Turner, Lois Holloway, Ilana Feain, Michael Jackson, Michael Barton, Paul Keall
INTRODUCTION: Patient rotation could greatly simplify radiation therapy delivery, with particularly important ramifications for fixed beam treatment with protons, heavy ions, MRI-Linacs, and low cost Linacs. Patient tolerance is often cited as a barrier to widespread implementation to patient rotation; however, no quantitative data addressing this issue exists. In this study, patient reported experiences of slow, single arc rotation in upright (sitting) and lying orientations are reported...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139024/immigrant-trauma-and-mental-health-outcomes-among-latino-youth
#18
Sean D Cleary, Ryan Snead, Daniela Dietz-Chavez, Ivonne Rivera, Mark C Edberg
While research has demonstrated an association between trauma and mental health, this study examined the association between trauma experienced premigration, during migration, and postmigration, and current mental health status among Latino youth aged 12-17 years old living in the US for < 3 years. Participants reported traumatic events experienced in their home country, during migration, and after settling in the US. Regression models examined trauma experienced at each stage of the migration process predicting current levels of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138569/post-marketing-observational-program-of-the-effectiveness-of-fluvoxamine-for-the-treatment-of-depression-in-patients-with-neurological-disorders-the-friends-study
#19
Nikolay N Yahno, Anastasia V Fedotova
In a prospective, non-blinded, uncontrolled, multicenter, post-marketing, observational study (FRIENDS; NCT02043197), fluvoxamine (50-300 mg/day for 90 days) was effective for the treatment of depression in 299 adult patients (age ≥18 years) with neurological disorders at baseline. The therapeutic effect of fluvoxamine was measured by means of changes in the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale depression and anxiety scores (HADS-D and HADS-A, respectively), global severity of illness, and clinical condition (measured using the Clinical Global Improvement [CGI] scale)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137916/analysis-on-the-risk-factors-of-medication-overuse-headache-in-chinese-patients
#20
Junxia Li, Chunfu Chen, Ligong Zhang, Xiaochen Cui, Chuanqiao Wei, Xiaojun Diao
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the risk factors of medication-overuse headache in patients with chronic migraine in China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 157 patients who were diagnosed as chronic migraine were chosen from headache outpatients of Shandong Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong University. Based on a standardized questionnaire, a database was developed and analyzed with 45 indexes. RESULTS: The independent risk factors of medication-overuse headache identified in this study included the frequency of medicine overuse (OR = 9...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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