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L Zhang, H-Y Zhang, F-C Huang, Q Huang, C Liu, J-R Li
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the clinical value of alprostadil combined with the α-lipoic acid in treating type 2 diabetes mellitus with erectile dysfunction (DMED). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We selected a total of 76 cases of patients who were admitted to endocrinology department of our hospital from June 2014 to June 2015 and diagnosed as DMED, and the average age was (46.7 ± 7.2) years old, average course of diabetes mellitus was (6.2 ± 2.8) years and average body mass index was (25...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Xiaole Su, Xinfang Xie, Lijun Liu, Jicheng Lv, Fujian Song, Vlado Perkovic, Hong Zhang
BACKGROUND: To simultaneously evaluate the relative efficacy of multiple pharmacologic strategies for preventing contrast-induced acute kidney injury (AKI). STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review containing a Bayesian network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. SETTING & POPULATION: Participants undergoing diagnostic and/or interventional procedures with contrast media. SELECTION CRITERIA FOR STUDIES: Randomized controlled trials comparing the active drug treatments with each other or with hydration alone...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Bogdan Pajovic, Antonio Dimitrovski, Nikola Fatic, Milos Malidzan, Marko Vukovic
The aim of this study is to investigate changes in the vascular system and hemodynamics between patients with organic erectile dysfunction (ED) (DM type I and II), as well as to compare the quality of sexual life between those two groups after the treatment with vacuum erection device (VED). Study enrolled 50 males with DM, aged from 35 to 67 years, who have attended the urologic clinic due to inability to attain and maintain an erection of the penis sufficient to permit satisfactory sexual intercourse. Patients were using VED and six months later were assessed for therapy results...
October 1, 2016: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
Lucie Chochina, Florian Naudet, Isabelle Bonan, Clément Chehensse, Mireille Damphousse, Andrea Manunta, François Giuliano
OBJECTIVE: To review the efficacy of intracavernous injections (ICI) in spinal cord injured (SCI) men and to identify prognostic factors affecting the efficacy of ICI in this population. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Systematic review of the literature using 5 databases. Articles published up to november 2014 using the keywords: alprostadil; papaverine; moxisylyte; alpha-blocking agent; phentolamine; intracavernous injection; spinal cord injuries; paraplegia; quadriplegia; erectile dysfunction; were included...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Dilek Erer, Abdullah Özer, Hüseyin Demirtaş, İpek Işık Gönül, Halil Kara, Hande Arpacı, Faruk Metin Çomu, Gürsel Levent Oktar, Mustafa Arslan, Ayşegül Küçük
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of alprostadil (prostaglandin [PGE1] analog) and iloprost (prostacyclin [PGI2] analog) on renal, lung, and skeletal muscle tissues after ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury in an experimental rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wistar albino rats underwent 2 hours of ischemia via infrarenal aorta clamping with subsequent 2 hours of reperfusion. Alprostadil and iloprost were given starting simultaneously with the reperfusion period...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
S Frees, P Rubenwolf, C Ziesel, J Faber, P Gutjahr, A Grossmann, J W Thüroff, R Stein
INTRODUCTION: Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) accounts for 5% of all pediatric tumors; 15-20% of these tumors are located in the urogenital tract, mostly originating from the prostate or bladder. In the light of the steadily improving prognosis for patients with RMS through interdisciplinary-multimodal study protocols with 60-70% long-term survivors, non oncological aspects such as erectile function (EF) have become increasingly important. The aim of this study was to evaluate EF in patients having undergone treatment for RMS of the bladder and prostate...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Nicolas Goldaracena, Juan Echeverri, Vinzent N Spetzler, Johan M Kaths, Andrew S Barbas, Kristine S Louis, Oyedele A Adeyi, David R Grant, Nazia Selzner, Markus Selzner
INTRODUCTION: Normothermic ex vivo liver perfusion (NEVLP) improves graft preservation by avoiding cold ischemic injury. We investigated whether the protective effects of NEVLP can be further improved by applying strategies targeted on reducing the activation of pro-inflammatory cytokines during perfusion. METHODS: Livers retrieved under heart beating conditions were perfused for 4 hours. Following preservation period, pig liver transplantation was performed. In group-1 (n=5) anti-inflammatory strategies (alprostadil, n-acetylcysteine, CO and sevoflurane, subnormothermic temperature (33°C)) were applied...
August 24, 2016: Liver Transplantation
James Anaissie, Wayne Jg Hellstrom
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common and debilitating disorder seen in over 50% of men older than 70 years. Oral phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors are the mainstay of treatment for ED, but cannot be used by a significant subset of patients due to systemic side effects and drug-drug interactions. Second-line therapy may include intracavernosal therapies, but are associated with poor compliance due to their invasive nature. Alprostadil has a mechanism of action different from that of PDE5 inhibitors...
2016: Research and Reports in Urology
Chintan K Patel, Nelson Bennett
Erectile dysfunction adversely affects up to 20% of all men and is the most commonly treated sexual disorder. The public health implications of this condition are significant and represent a challenge for our healthcare system. The physiological pathways responsible for erections have been extensively studied, and much advancement has been made since the introduction of phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors. Newer agents, such as dopaminergic and melanocortin receptor agonists, which target central erectogenic pathways, are under investigation...
2016: F1000Research
Mei Lu, Kunshan Li, Jiali Wang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical efficacy between acupuncture and intravenous administration of lipoic acid and alprostadil for distal symmetric multiple peripheral neuropathy of diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Sixty patients were randomly divided into an acupuncture group (31 cases) and a medication group (29 cases). Patients in the two groups received basic treatment to control blood sugar within a safe range. On this basis, patients in the acupuncture group were treated with acupuncture at Geshu (BL 17), Weiwanxiashu (EX-B 3), Ganshu (BL 18), Pishu (BL 20), Shenshu (BL 23), Zusanli (ST 36), Taixi (KI 3), ashi points, etc...
May 2016: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Peiling Liang, Aisheng Wei, Zhuliang Gu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy between acupuncture at stellate ganglion combined with intravenous administration of alprostadil and simple intravenous administration of alprostadil on lower limb atherosclerosis of early diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Sixty patients of lower limb atherosclerosis of early diabetes mellitus were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one. Patients in the two groups were treated with basic treatment to control blood glucose and lipid...
May 2016: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Lian-xin Wang, Yan-ming Xie, Qing-hua Ai, Nian-bin Song
This paper adopted a series of related analysis methods to comprehensively analyze post-marketing clinical safety data of Shenmai injection from 4,220 cases of SRS and 32,358 cases of multicenter, prospective, registered hospital centralized monitoring in large data background, calculated ADR incidence rate was 0.93 per 1,000, main symptoms of ADR includes chest pain, chills, skin itching, palpitations, fever, nausea, dizziness, vomiting, flushing, numbness, allergic reaction, cyanosis, rash, low back pain, and "breath", "anaphylactoid reaction" and "flush" were the safety warning signals of Shenmai injection...
December 2015: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Kathryn E Berkseth, Arthi Thirumalai, John K Amory
This article reviews current pharmacologic treatment options for 3 common men's health concerns: hypogonadism, erectile dysfunction (ED), and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Specific topics addressed include: management of male hypogonadism using testosterone replacement therapy, use of oral phosphodiesterase inhibitors as first-line therapy for men with ED and the utility of intraurethral and intrapenile alprostadil injections for patients who do not respond to oral medications, and the role of alpha1-adrenergic antagonists, 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors, anticholinergic agents, and herbal therapies in the management of BPH...
July 2016: Medical Clinics of North America
L Ossorio-García, D Jiménez-Gallo, C Arjona-Aguilera, M Linares-Barrios
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
Viju Kumar Bharathan, Biju Chandran, Unnikrishnan Gopalakrishnan, Christi Titus Varghese, Ramachandran N Menon, Dinesh Balakrishnan, O V Sudheer, Puneet Dhar, Sudhindran Surendran
The role of prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) infusion in improving early graft function has not been well defined, especially in the scenario of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). We designed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the role of perioperative PGE1 infusion in LDLT. Patients in the study arm received PGE1 (alprostadil) at the rate of 0.25 μg/kg/hour, starting at 1 hour after portal venous reperfusion, and continued for 96 hours. The primary endpoint was early allograft dysfunction (EAD)...
August 2016: Liver Transplantation
Bülent Demir, Murat Sinan Engin, Musa Kemal Keleş, İsmail Küçüker, Engin Yosma
Perforator flaps are very popular in the reconstruction of soft tissue defects. As these flaps generally depend on a single perforator, drugs that increase the perfusion of the flap and/or prevent vascular complications may increase flap survival. In this study, we compared the effects of systemically administered hydralazine (arterial vasodilator via potassium channels), nifedipine (arterial vasodilator via calcium channels), piracetam (antiplatelet and regulator of microcirculation) and alprostadil (vasodilator, antiplatelet, rheological and cytoprotective) on flap survival in a rat epigastric artery perforator flap model...
February 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Sue W Goldstein, Joshua R Gonzalez, Catherine Gagnon, Irwin Goldstein
INTRODUCTION: Female sexual arousal disorder is a pathophysiologic state characterized clinically by persistent or recurrent inability to attain or maintain an adequate lubrication-swelling response of sexual excitement until completion of sexual activity. Prior clinical experience with alprostadil products for men with erectile dysfunction supports its use in women with female sexual arousal disorder. AIM: To compare the effect of topical alprostadil with over-the-counter (OTC) lubricant on female genital arousal in the absence of visual sexual stimuli...
September 2016: Sexual Medicine
Konstantinos Hatzimouratidis, Andrea Salonia, Ganesan Adaikan, Jacques Buvat, Serge Carrier, Amr El-Meliegy, Andrew McCullough, Luiz Otavio Torres, Mohit Khera
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of erectile dysfunction is based on pharmacotherapy for most patients. AIM: To review the current data on pharmacotherapy for erectile dysfunction based on efficacy, psychosocial outcomes, and safety outcomes. METHODS: A review of the literature was undertaken by the committee members. All related articles were critically analyzed and discussed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Levels of evidence (LEs) and grades of recommendations (GRs) are provided based on a thorough analysis of the literature and committee consensus...
April 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Cristina Collantes-Rodríguez, David Jiménez-Gallo, Cintia Arjona-Aguilera, Lidia Ossorio-García, Mario Linares-Barrios
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
Daniel G Cacione, Cristiane R Macedo, Jose C C Baptista-Silva
BACKGROUND: Buerger's disease (thromboangiitis obliterans) is a non-atherosclerotic, segmental inflammatory pathology that most commonly affects the small and medium sized arteries, veins, and nerves in the upper and lower extremities. The etiology is unknown, but involves hereditary susceptibility, tobacco exposure, immune and coagulation responses. In many cases, there is no possibility of revascularization to improve the condition. Pharmacological treatment is an option for patients with severe complications, such as ischaemic ulcers or rest pain...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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