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Arginine methylation t cell

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637181/crosstalk-between-histone-modifications-indicates-that-inhibition-of-arginine-methyltransferase-carm1-activity-reverses-hiv-latency
#1
Zheng Zhang, Bryan C Nikolai, Leah A Gates, Sung Yun Jung, Edward B Siwak, Bin He, Andrew P Rice, Bert W O'Malley, Qin Feng
In eukaryotic cells, the gene expression status is strictly controlled by epigenetic modifications on chromatin. The repressive status of chromatin largely contributes to HIV latency. Studies have shown that modification of histone H3K27 acts as a key molecular switch for activation or suppression of many cellular genes. In this study, we found that K27-acetylated histone H3 specifically recruited Super Elongation Complex (SEC), the transcriptional elongation complex essential for HIV-1 long terminal repeat (LTR)-mediated and general cellular transcription...
June 20, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588584/protein-arginine-methyltransferase-5-inhibition-upregulates-foxp3-regulatory-t-cells-frequency-and-function-during-the-ulcerative-colitis
#2
Yingxia Zheng, Liya Huang, Wensong Ge, Ming Yang, Yanhui Ma, Guohua Xie, Weiwei Wang, Bingxian Bian, Li Li, Hong Nie, Lisong Shen
Ulcerative colitis (UC) pathogenesis is related to imbalance of immune responses, and the equilibrium between inflammatory T cells and Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) plays an important role in the intestinal homeostasis. Protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMTs) regulate chromatin remodeling and gene expression. Here, we investigated whether inhibition of PRMTs affects colitis pathogenesis in mice and inflammatory bowel disease patients and further explored the underlying mechanisms. In this study, we found that protein arginine N-methyltransferase inhibitor 1 (AMI-1) treatments increased Tregs frequency, function, and reduced colitis incidence...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587176/bifunctional-enzyme-jmjd6-contributes-to-multiple-disease-pathogenesis-new-twist-on-the-old-story
#3
REVIEW
Shiva Shankar Vangimalla, Murali Ganesan, Kusum K Kharbanda, Natalia A Osna
Jumonji domain-containing protein 6 (JMJD6) is a non-heme Fe(II) 2-oxoglutarate (2OG)-dependent oxygenase with arginine demethylase and lysyl hydroxylase activities. Its initial discovery as a dispensable phosphatidylserine receptor (PSR) in the cell membrane of macrophages for phagocytosis was squashed by newer studies which revealed its nuclear localization and bifunctional enzymatic activity. Though its interaction with several nuclear and cytoplasmic target proteins has been demonstrated, the exact mechanisms and clinical significance of these various biologic interplays are not yet well established...
June 1, 2017: Biomolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582843/acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-and-genetic-variations-in-bhmt-gene-case-control-study-and-computational-characterization
#4
Ravishankara Bellampalli, Manik Vohra, Kashish Sharma, Nalini Bhaskaranand, Kamalakshi G Bhat, Krishna Prasad, Anu R Sharma, Kapaettu Satyamoorthy, Padmalatha S Rai
BACKGROUND: Remethylation of homocysteine is catalyzed by B12 dependent methionine synthase (MTR) in all types of cells and by B12 non-dependent betaine homocysteine methyltransferase (BHMT) in liver and kidney cells. Of many etiologies of cancer, an unexplored area is the variations of genes implicated in methylation reaction. OBJECTIVE: The study evaluated the association of BHMT (rs3733890) with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), followed by in-silico characterization of variations in BHMT gene...
July 4, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542722/a-homozygous-potentially-pathogenic-variant-in-the-paxbp1-gene-in-a-large-family-with-global-developmental-delay-and-myopathic-hypotonia
#5
Essa Alharby, Alia M Albalawi, Abdul Nasir, Sabri A Alhijji, Amer Mahmood, Khushnooda Ramzan, Firoz Abdusamad, Abdulkarim Aljohani, Osama Abdelsalam, Amr Eldardear, Sulman Basit
PAX binding protein 1 (PAXBP1) is an adaptor protein linking the transcription factor PAX3 and PAX7 to the histone methylation machinery. PAXBP1 is a nuclear protein and its high expression is known in brain cerebellar hemisphere and cerebellum. Moreover, it is also found in abundance in muscle precursor cells that are involved in myogenesis and skeletal muscles formation. Whole genome SNP genotyping and exome sequencing in a family with distinct syndrome of global developmental delay and hypotonia mapped the disease locus to the chromosome 21q22...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523359/arginine-cga-codons-as-a-source-of-nonsense-mutations-a-possible-role-in-multivariant-gene-expression-control-of-mrna-quality-and-aging
#6
Georgy A Romanov, Victor S Sukhoverov
Methylation of cytosine residues in DNA of higher eukaryotes, including humans, creates "hot spots" of C→T transitions in the genome. The predominantly methylated sequence in mammalian DNAs is CG (CpG). Among CG-containing codons, CGA codons for arginine are unique due to their ability to create stop codons TGA (UGA in mRNA) upon epigenetic-mediated mutation. As such nonsense mutations can have a strong adverse effect on the cell and organism, we have performed a study, on the example of human genes, aimed to characterise the anticipated effects of epigenetic-mediated nonsense mutations CGA→TGA in somatic cells...
May 18, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488390/mesenchymal-stem-cells-protect-from-acute-liver-injury-by-attenuating-hepatotoxicity-of-liver-nkt-cells-in-inos-and-ido-dependent-manner
#7
Marina Gazdic, Bojana Simovic Markovic, Ljubica Vucicevic, Tamara Nikolic, Valentin Djonov, Nebojsa Arsenijevic, Vladimir Trajkovic, Miodrag L Lukic, Vladislav Volarevic
The effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on phenotype and function of natural killer T (NKT) cells, is not understood. We used concanavalin A (ConA) - and α-galactosylceramide (α-GalCer)-induced liver injury to evaluate effects of MSCs on NKT-dependent hepatotoxicity. Mouse MSCs (mMSCs) significantly reduced Con A- and α-GalCer-mediated hepatitis in C57Bl/6 mice, as demonstrated by histopathological and biochemical analysis, attenuated influx of inflammatory (T-bet(+) TNF-α, IFN-γ producing and GATA3(+) , IL-4-producing) liver NKT cells and down-regulated TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-4 levels in the sera...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487700/l-arginine-dependent-epigenetic-regulation-of-interleukin-10-but-not-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-production-by-neonatal-regulatory-t-lymphocytes
#8
Hong-Ren Yu, Ching-Chang Tsai, Ling-Sai Chang, Hsin-Chun Huang, Hsin-Hsin Cheng, Jiu-Yao Wang, Jiunn-Ming Sheen, Ho-Chang Kuo, Kai-Sheng Hsieh, Ying-Hsien Huang, Kuender D Yang, Te-Yao Hsu
A growing number of diseases in humans, including trauma, certain cancers, and infection, are known to be associated with l-arginine deficiency. In addition, l-arginine must be supplemented by diet during pregnancy to aid fetal development. In conditions of l-arginine depletion, T cell proliferation is impaired. We have previously shown that neonatal blood has lower l-arginine levels than adult blood, which is associated with poor neonatal lymphocyte proliferation, and that l-arginine enhances neonatal lymphocyte proliferation through an interleukin (IL)-2-independent pathway...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478950/emerging-role-for-methylation-in-multiple-sclerosis-beyond-dna
#9
REVIEW
Lindsay M Webb, Mireia Guerau-de-Arellano
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system. The inflammatory and neurodegenerative pathways driving MS are modulated by DNA, lysine, and arginine methylation, as evidenced by studies made possible by novel tools for methylation detection or loss of function. We present evidence that MS is associated with genetic variants and metabolic changes that impact on methylation. Further, we comprehensively review current understanding of how methylation can impact on central nervous system (CNS) resilience and neuroregenerative potential, as well as inflammatory versus regulatory T helper (Th) cell balance...
June 2017: Trends in Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454271/intracellular-and-extracellular-factors-influencing-the-genotoxicity-of-nitric-oxide-and-reactive-oxygen-species
#10
Min Young Kim
A number of factors affect cellular responses to nitric oxide (NO(•)) and reactive oxygen species (ROS), including their source, concentration, cumulative dose, target gene and biological milieu. This limits the extrapolation of data to in vivo pathological states in which NO(•) and ROS may be important. The present study investigated lethality and mutagenesis in the HPRT and TK1 genes of human lymphoblastoid TK6 cells exposed to NO(•) and ROS derived from two delivery methods: A reactor system and a Transwell™ co-culture...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314751/identification-of-glycopeptides-as-posttranslationally-modified-neoantigens-in-leukemia
#11
Stacy A Malaker, Sarah A Penny, Lora G Steadman, Paisley T Myers, Justin C Loke, Manoj Raghavan, Dina L Bai, Jeffrey Shabanowitz, Donald F Hunt, Mark Cobbold
Leukemias are highly immunogenic, but they have a low mutational load, providing few mutated peptide targets. Thus, the identification of alternative neoantigens is a pressing need. Here, we identify 36 MHC class I-associated peptide antigens with O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) modifications as candidate neoantigens, using three experimental approaches. Thirteen of these peptides were also detected with disaccharide units on the same residues and two contain either mono- and/or di-methylated arginine residues...
May 2017: Cancer Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288000/age-associated-chromatin-relaxation-is-enhanced-in-huntington-s-disease-mice
#12
Myungsun Park, Byungkuk Min, Kyuheum Jeon, Sunwha Cho, Jung Sun Park, Jisun Kim, Jeha Jeon, Jinhoi Song, Seokho Kim, Sangkyun Jeong, Hyemyung Seo, Yong-Kook Kang
Expansion of polyglutamine stretch in the huntingtin (HTT) protein is a major cause of Huntington's disease (HD). The polyglutamine part in HTT interacts with various proteins implicated in epigenetic regulation of genes, suggesting that mutant HTT may disturb the integrity of the epigenetic system. Here, we used a PCRseq-based method to examine expression profile of 395 exonic segments from 260 "epi-driver" genes in splenic T lymphocytes from aged HD mice. We identified 67 exonic segments differentially expressed between young and aged HD mice, most of them upregulated in the aged...
March 12, 2017: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167521/ddar-pa1196-regulates-expression-of-dimethylarginine-dimethylaminohydrolase-for-the-metabolism-of-methylarginines-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-pao1
#13
Benjamin R Lundgren, Frank J Bailey, Gabriella Moley, Christopher T Nomura
Dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolases (DDAHs) catalyze the hydrolysis of methylarginines to yield l-citrulline and methylamines as products. DDAHs and their central roles in methylarginine metabolism have been characterized for eukaryotic cells. While DDAHs are known to exist in some bacteria, including Streptomyces coelicolor and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the physiological importance and genetic regulation of bacterial DDAHs remain poorly understood. To provide some insight into bacterial methylarginine metabolism, this study focused on identifying the key elements or factors regulating DDAH expression in P...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145161/repetitive-ischemia-increases-myocardial-dimethylarginine-dimethylaminohydrolase-1-expression
#14
Ping Zhang, John T Fassett, Guangshuo Zhu, Jingxin Li, Xinli Hu, Xin Xu, Yingjie Chen, Robert J Bache
Pharmacologic inhibition of nitric oxide production inhibits growth of coronary collateral vessels. Dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase 1 (DDAH1) is the major enzyme that degrades asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), a potent inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase. Here we examined regulation of the ADMA-DDAH1 pathway in a canine model of recurrent myocardial ischemia during the time when coronary collateral growth is known to occur. Under basal conditions, DDAH1 expression was non-uniform across the left ventricular (LV) wall, with expression strongest in the subepicardium...
January 1, 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143887/comparative-monomethylarginine-proteomics-suggests-that-protein-arginine-methyltransferase-1-prmt1-is-a-significant-contributor-to-arginine-monomethylation-in-toxoplasma-gondii
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Rama R Yakubu, Natalie C Silmon de Monerri, Edward Nieves, Kami Kim, Louis M Weiss
Arginine methylation is a common posttranslational modification found on nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins that has roles in transcriptional regulation, RNA metabolism and DNA repair. The protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii has a complex life cycle requiring transcriptional plasticity and has unique transcriptional regulatory pathways. Arginine methylation may play an important part in transcriptional regulation and splicing biology in this organism. The T. gondii genome contains five putative protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMTs), of which PRMT1 is important for cell division and growth...
April 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122345/epigenetic-silencing-of-xaf1-in-high-grade-gliomas-is-associated-with-idh1-status-and-improved-clinical-outcome
#16
Thomas R Reich, Olivier J Switzeny, Mirjam Renovanz, Clemens Sommer, Bernd Kaina, Markus Christmann, Maja T Tomicic
XAF1 (X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP)-associated factor 1) is a tumor suppressor that counteracts the anti-apoptotic effects of XIAP and can sensitize cells to cell death triggering events. XAF1 knockdown abrogated the temozolomide (TMZ)-induced G2-arrest and prevented TMZ-induced apoptosis in the glioblastoma (GB) cell line LN229. Promoter methylation of XAF1 was found to be inversely correlated with mRNA expression in GB cells. We analyzed XAF1 methylation in a panel of 16 GB cell lines and 80 patients with first-diagnosed WHO grade III/IV high-grade gliomas using methylation-sensitive high-resolution melt (MS-HRM) analysis...
February 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094290/protein-arginine-methyltransferase-1-prmt1-represses-mhc-ii-transcription-in-macrophages-by-methylating-ciita
#17
Zhiwen Fan, Jianfei Li, Ping Li, Qing Ye, Huihui Xu, Xiaoyan Wu, Yong Xu
Efficient presentation of alien antigens triggers activation of T lymphocytes and robust host defense against invading pathogens. This pathophysiological process relies on the expression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules in antigen presenting cells such as macrophages. Aberrant MHC II transactivation plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Class II transactivator (CIITA) mediates MHC II induction by interferon gamma (IFN-γ). CIITA activity can be fine-tuned at the post-translational level, but the mechanisms are not fully appreciated...
January 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087667/prmt5-selective-inhibitors-suppress-inflammatory-t-cell-responses-and-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis
#18
Lindsay M Webb, Stephanie A Amici, Kyle A Jablonski, Himanshu Savardekar, Amanda R Panfil, Linsen Li, Wei Zhou, Kevin Peine, Vrajesh Karkhanis, Eric M Bachelder, Kristy M Ainslie, Patrick L Green, Chenglong Li, Robert A Baiocchi, Mireia Guerau-de-Arellano
In the autoimmune disease multiple sclerosis and its animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), expansion of pathogenic, myelin-specific Th1 cell populations drives active disease; selectively targeting this process may be the basis for a new therapeutic approach. Previous studies have hinted at a role for protein arginine methylation in immune responses, including T cell-mediated autoimmunity and EAE. However, a conclusive role for the protein arginine methyltransferase (PRMT) enzymes that catalyze these reactions has been lacking...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895230/an-arginase-1-snp-that-protects-against-the-development-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-enhances-no-mediated-apoptosis-in-lymphocytes
#19
Jennifer K Trittmann, Yi Jin, Louis G Chicoine, Yusen Liu, Bernadette Chen, Leif D Nelin
Arginase and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) share a common substrate, l-arginine, and have opposing effects on vascular remodeling. Arginase is the first step in polyamine and proline synthesis necessary for cellular proliferation, while NO produced from NOS promotes apoptosis. Previously, we identified a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the arginase-1 (ARG1) gene, rs2781666 (T-allele) that was associated with a decreased risk for developing pulmonary hypertension (PH) in a cohort of infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)...
November 2016: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642082/prmt1-mediated-methylation-of-micu1-determines-the-ucp2-3-dependency-of-mitochondrial-ca-2-uptake-in-immortalized-cells
#20
Corina T Madreiter-Sokolowski, Christiane Klec, Warisara Parichatikanond, Sarah Stryeck, Benjamin Gottschalk, Sergio Pulido, Rene Rost, Emrah Eroglu, Nicole A Hofmann, Alexander I Bondarenko, Tobias Madl, Markus Waldeck-Weiermair, Roland Malli, Wolfgang F Graier
Recent studies revealed that mitochondrial Ca(2+) channels, which control energy flow, cell signalling and death, are macromolecular complexes that basically consist of the pore-forming mitochondrial Ca(2+) uniporter (MCU) protein, the essential MCU regulator (EMRE), and the mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake 1 (MICU1). MICU1 is a regulatory subunit that shields mitochondria from Ca(2+) overload. Before the identification of these core elements, the novel uncoupling proteins 2 and 3 (UCP2/3) have been shown to be fundamental for mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake...
September 19, 2016: Nature Communications
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