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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279547/performance-of-a-random-glucose-case-finding-strategy-to-detect-undiagnosed-diabetes
#1
Michael E Bowen, Lei Xuan, Ildiko Lingvay, Ethan A Halm
INTRODUCTION: Random glucose <200 mg/dL is associated with undiagnosed diabetes but not included in screening guidelines. This study describes a case-finding approach using non-diagnostic random glucose values to identify individuals in need of diabetes testing and compares its performance to current screening guidelines. METHODS: In 2015, cross-sectional data from non-fasting adults without diagnosed diabetes or prediabetes (N=7,161) in the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys were analyzed...
February 24, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270715/if-dsme-were-a-pill-would-you-prescribe-it
#2
Margaret A Powers
EDITOR'S NOTE: This address was delivered by Margaret A. Powers, PhD, RD, CDE, President, Health Care & Education, of the American Diabetes Association (ADA), at the ADA's 76th Scientific Sessions in New Orleans, La., on 11 June 2016. Dr. Powers conducts research and has a clinical practice as a registered dietitian and diabetes educator at the International Diabetes Center at Park Nicollet in Minneapolis, Minn. Her research focuses on improving diabetes outcomes, including factors that affect the clinical, psychosocial, and behavioral aspects of diabetes...
February 2017: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260984/age-related-trends-in-injection-site-reaction-incidence-induced-by-the-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-tnf-%C3%AE-inhibitors-etanercept-and-adalimumab-the-food-and-drug-administration-adverse-event-reporting-system-2004-2015
#3
Toshinobu Matsui, Ryogo Umetsu, Yamato Kato, Yuuki Hane, Sayaka Sasaoka, Yumi Motooka, Haruna Hatahira, Junko Abe, Akiho Fukuda, Misa Naganuma, Yasutomi Kinosada, Mitsuhiro Nakamura
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) inhibitors are increasingly being used as treatment for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the administration of these drugs carries the risk of inducing injection site reaction (ISR). ISR gives rise to patient stress, nervousness, and a decrease in quality of life (QoL). In order to alleviate pain and other symptoms, early countermeasures must be taken against this adverse event. In order to improve understanding of the risk factors contributing to the induction of ISR, we evaluated the association between TNF-α inhibitors and ISR by applying a logistic regression model to age-stratified data obtained from the Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249975/improving-the-accuracy-of-synovial-fluid-analysis-in-the-diagnosis-of-prosthetic-joint-infection-with-simple-and-inexpensive-biomarkers-c-reactive-protein-and-adenosine-deaminase
#4
R Sousa, P Serrano, J Gomes Dias, J C Oliveira, A Oliveira
AIMS: The aims of this study were to increase the diagnostic accuracy of the analysis of synovial fluid in the differentiation of prosthetic joint infection (PJI) by the addition of inexpensive biomarkers such as the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), adenosine deaminase (ADA), alpha-2-macrogloblulin (α2M) and procalcitonin. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2013 and December 2015, synovial fluid and removed implants were requested from 143 revision total joint arthroplasties...
March 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245184/an-approach-for-estimating-measurement-uncertainty-in-medical-laboratories-using-data-from-long-term-quality-control-and-external-quality-assessment-schemes
#5
Andrea Padoan, Giorgia Antonelli, Ada Aita, Laura Sciacovelli, Mario Plebani
BACKGROUND: The present study was prompted by the ISO 15189 requirements that medical laboratories should estimate measurement uncertainty (MU). METHODS: The method used to estimate MU included the: a) identification of quantitative tests, b) classification of tests in relation to their clinical purpose, and c) identification of criteria to estimate the different MU components. Imprecision was estimated using long-term internal quality control (IQC) results of the year 2016, while external quality assessment schemes (EQAs) results obtained in the period 2015-2016 were used to estimate bias and bias uncertainty...
February 28, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165209/responsiveness-to-difference-ada-accommodations-in-the-course-of-an-arrest
#6
Robyn Levin
When the Supreme Court heard argument in City & County of San Francisco v. Sheehan in the spring of 2015, it intended to resolve a circuit split. In granting certiorari, the Court planned to clarify whether individuals with disabilities can sue police officers under the ADA if an officer fails to accommodate a disability in the course of an arrest. However, because the petitioners failed to brief the Court on that question, the portion of the case involving the ADA was dismissed as improvidently granted. Justices Scalia and Kagan were so enraged by the failure to brief on the "certworthy" question that they issued a partial dissent, refusing to issue opinions on any of the attendant issues...
January 2017: Stanford Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157409/external-factors-that-influence-the-practice-of-radiology-proceedings-of-the-international-society-for-strategic-studies-in-radiology-meeting
#7
Geoffrey D Rubin, Barbara J McNeil, András Palkó, James H Thrall, Gabriel P Krestin, Ada Muellner, Herbert Y Kressel
In both the United States and Europe, efforts to reduce soaring health care costs have led to intense scrutiny of both standard and innovative uses of imaging. Given that the United States spends a larger share of its gross domestic product on health care than any other nation and also has the most varied health care financing and delivery systems in the world, it has become an especially fertile environment for developing and testing approaches to controlling health care costs and value. This report focuses on recent reforms that have had a dampening effect on imaging use in the United States and provides a glimpse of obstacles that imaging practices may soon face or are already facing in other countries...
February 4, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140669/surgical-repositioning-of-the-premaxilla-using-a-minimally-invasive-endonasal-approach
#8
Nicolas E Sierra, Ada Ferrer-Fuertes, Bárbara Salazar-Perez, Gui-Youn Cho-Lee, Carles Martí-Pages, Alejandro Rivera-Baró, Josep Rubio Palau, Eloy M García-Diez
OBJECTIVE:   The aim of this study was to evaluate a technique for the surgical repositioning of the premaxilla using a minimally invasive endonasal approach. DESIGN:   Retrospective review of clinical records. SETTING:   Tertiary care, University Hospital, pediatric maxillofacial surgery unit. PATIENTS:   Twenty-one patients (12 boys and 9 girls), ages ranging from 6 to 21 years, with BCLP+A and premaxillary malposition (PM)...
January 31, 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117564/safeguarding-the-ada-s-antidiscrimination-mandate-subjecting-arrests-to-title-ii-coverage
#9
Shanna Rifkin
The news has been peppered with tragic stories of individuals with disabilities who have been killed or injured following police encounters. In the aftermath of these incidents, as injured parties seek accountability, a question looms: Can arrest proceedings violate the Americans with Disabilities Act? The ADA was enacted to prohibit disability discrimination. The law had an ambitious agenda, supported by broad statutory authority, to ensure equality in all areas of public life for individuals with disabilities...
January 2017: Duke Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094154/commentary-mandatory-reporting-for-child-protection-in-health-settings-and-the-rights-of-parents-with-disabilities
#10
Nancy R Mudrick, Carrie Jefferson Smith
This commentary considers the intersection of mandatory reporting in health settings and the public child protection system's treatment of parents with disabilities. Its impetus is the August 2015 technical assistance document issued jointly by the U.S. departments of Justice (DOJ) and Health and Human Services (HHS) that affirms the applicability of the ADA and Section 504 to child protection system (CPS) processes. The DOJ/HHS document speaks to actions of state child protection agencies and courts, without addressing the first step, mandatory reporting...
December 30, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071808/structure-and-feasibility-of-extra-practice-during-stroke-rehabilitation-a-systematic-scoping-review
#11
REVIEW
Claire Stewart, Annie McCluskey, Louise Ada, Suzanne Kuys
BACKGROUND/AIM: Improved motor performance is related to the amount of practice completed after a stroke. Australian guidelines recommend that at least one hour of active practice should be completed per day. Yet active practice levels remain low. The aims of this scoping review were to describe how extra practice at the activity level is structured for stroke survivors, and explore the feasibility of participants completing extra practice. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted of five electronic databases up to August 2015...
January 10, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065738/disability-identity-development-model-voices-from-the-ada-generation
#12
Anjali J Forber-Pratt, Marianne P Zape
BACKGROUND: For persons with disabilities, 2015 was a historic year, marking the 25th anniversary of the Americans with Disability Act (ADA) and the 40th anniversary of the passing of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). It is important to consider the effects of this fundamental shift towards equal opportunity and participation on persons with disabilities' identity development. In practice, however, there are few empirical studies that have looked at this phenomenon and even fewer models of disability identity development...
January 1, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002127/sex-is-associated-with-adalimumab-side-effects-and-drug-survival-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#13
Mitchell R K L Lie, Joany E Kreijne, C Janneke van der Woude
BACKGROUND: Adalimumab (ADA) is an effective treatment for Crohn's disease (CD). In rheumatology, sex differences concerning the response to ADA therapy have been described. However, such differences have not yet been reported for patients with CD. As such, the aim of this study was to compare ADA treatment outcomes in male and female patients with CD. METHODS: A clinical cohort was formed of consecutive patients with CD starting ADA in a single tertiary center between March 2006 and February 2011...
January 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899532/long-term-management-for-ventilator-assisted-children-in-hong-kong-2-decades-experience
#14
Shuk-Kuen Chau, Ada Wing-Yan Yung, So-Lun Lee
BACKGROUND: The population of children receiving long-term mechanical ventilation is growing worldwide, but only limited data exist in Asian regions. The objective of the study was to review the management of these children in Hong Kong over the past 2 decades. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study. Hospital records from subjects receiving mechanical ventilation for >3 months were retrieved. Demographic characteristics and medical information of subjects (≤21 y old) under the care of the ventilator program at the Duchess of Kent Children's Hospital between 1997 and 2015 were reviewed...
January 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899263/adalimumab-dose-escalation-is-effective-and-well-tolerated-in-crohn-s-disease-patients-with-secondary-loss-of-response-to-adalimumab
#15
Nicolas Duveau, Maria Nachury, Romain Gerard, Julien Branche, Vincent Maunoury, Medina Boualit, Pauline Wils, Pierre Desreumaux, Benjamin Pariente
BACKGROUND: Although adalimumab is effective in Crohn's disease, most patients experience a loss of response over time. The aim of the present study was to evaluate efficacy and safety of adalimumab dose escalation and identify predictors of a clinical response in Crohn's disease patients with a secondary loss of response. METHODS: We performed a retrospective and observational study including all Crohn's disease patients who underwent dose escalation of adalimumab after a secondary loss of response from 2007 to 2015...
February 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882833/evaluation-of-real-world-experience-with-tofacitinib-compared-with-adalimumab-etanercept-and-abatacept-in-ra-patients-with-1-previous-biologic-dmard-data-from-a-u-s-administrative-claims-database
#16
James Harnett, Robert Gerber, David Gruben, Andrew S Koenig, Connie Chen
BACKGROUND: Real-world data comparing tofacitinib with biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) are limited. OBJECTIVE: To compare characteristics, treatment patterns, and costs of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) receiving tofacitinib versus the most common bDMARDs (adalimumab [ADA], etanercept [ETN], and abatacept [ABA]) following a single bDMARD in a U.S. administrative claims database. METHODS: This study was a retrospective cohort analysis of patients aged ≥ 18 years with an RA diagnosis (ICD-9-CM codes 714...
December 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879353/2016-health-care-education-presidential-address-if-dsme-were-a-pill-would-you-prescribe-it
#17
Margaret A Powers
This address was delivered by Margaret A. Powers, PhD, RD, CDE, President, Health Care & Education, of the American Diabetes Association (ADA), at the ADA's 76th Scientific Sessions in New Orleans, LA, on 11 June 2016. Dr. Powers conducts research and has a clinical practice as a registered dietitian and diabetes educator at the International Diabetes Center at Park Nicollet in Minneapolis. Her research focuses on improving diabetes outcomes including factors that affect the clinical, psychosocial, and behavioral aspects of diabetes...
December 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866643/evaluating-levels-of-dentist-participation-in-medicaid-a-complicated-endeavor
#18
Clayton J Warder, Burton L Edelstein
BACKGROUND: The availability of dentists to care for Medicaid beneficiaries is a longstanding concern of many families and those who serve them in the dental profession as well as policy makers. Yet, little information beyond the number of enrolled dentists has been reliably determined. The American Dental Association (ADA) Health Policy Institute has called for more nuanced measures that better reflect dentistry's contribution to the care of Medicaid beneficiaries. METHODS: The authors calculated percentages of general and pediatric dentists who enrolled in Medicaid, billed Medicaid, and treated Medicaid beneficiaries in each state for which data were available from the ADA's 2008 study, the Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors' 2013 report, and the 2013 federal Web site InsureKidsNow...
January 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859570/diabetes-incidence-and-prevalence-in-hong-kong-china-during-2006-2014
#19
J Quan, T K Li, H Pang, C H Choi, S C Siu, S Y Tang, N M Wat, J Woo, J M Johnston, G M Leung
AIMS: To estimate recent secular changes in the incidence and prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes among Hong Kong Chinese adults, and thus show possible future trends for developing mainland China. METHODS: Based on a complete census of the public sector health records of 6.4 million people from 2006 to 2014, diabetes cases were ascertained using different methods including the World Health Organization (WHO) 2011 guidelines (HbA1c , fasting plasma glucose and glucose tolerance test), American Diabetes Association (ADA) 2015 guidelines (plus random plasma glucose), and additionally recorded diagnosis codes and medication dispensation...
November 12, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832749/type-2-diabetes-compromises-the-value-of-non-invasively-measured-augmentation-index-in-predicting-the-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease-a-hospital-based-observational-study
#20
Sijing Wu, Yujie Zhou, Yueping Li, Yuyang Liu, Dongmei Shi, Xiaoli Liu, Wei Liu, Yi Yu, Shuo Jia
BACKGROUND: Central hemodynamic indices have been demonstrated to correlate with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, in the context of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), this correlation has not been fully illustrated. Therefore, this study was employed to investigate the impact of DM on the correlation between aortic augmentation index and the severity of coronary artery disease. METHODS: In this study, we analyzed 197 patients who underwent coronary angiography at Anzhen Hospital from September 2015 to January 2016...
November 10, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
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