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ADA 2015

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165209/responsiveness-to-difference-ada-accommodations-in-the-course-of-an-arrest
#1
Robyn Levin
When the Supreme Court heard argument in City & County of San Francisco v. Sheehan in the spring of 2015, it intended to resolve a circuit split. In granting certiorari, the Court planned to clarify whether individuals with disabilities can sue police officers under the ADA if an officer fails to accommodate a disability in the course of an arrest. However, because the petitioners failed to brief the Court on that question, the portion of the case involving the ADA was dismissed as improvidently granted. Justices Scalia and Kagan were so enraged by the failure to brief on the "certworthy" question that they issued a partial dissent, refusing to issue opinions on any of the attendant issues...
January 2017: Stanford Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157409/external-factors-that-influence-the-practice-of-radiology-proceedings-of-the-international-society-for-strategic-studies-in-radiology-meeting
#2
Geoffrey D Rubin, Barbara J McNeil, András Palkó, James H Thrall, Gabriel P Krestin, Ada Muellner, Herbert Y Kressel
In both the United States and Europe, efforts to reduce soaring health care costs have led to intense scrutiny of both standard and innovative uses of imaging. Given that the United States spends a larger share of its gross domestic product on health care than any other nation and also has the most varied health care financing and delivery systems in the world, it has become an especially fertile environment for developing and testing approaches to controlling health care costs and value. This report focuses on recent reforms that have had a dampening effect on imaging use in the United States and provides a glimpse of obstacles that imaging practices may soon face or are already facing in other countries...
February 4, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140669/surgical-repositioning-of-the-premaxilla-using-a-minimally-invasive-endonasal-approach
#3
Nicolas E Sierra, Ada Ferrer-Fuertes, Bárbara Salazar-Perez, Gui-Youn Cho-Lee, Carles Martí-Pages, Alejandro Rivera-Baró, Josep Rubio Palau, Eloy M García-Diez
OBJECTIVE:   The aim of this study was to evaluate a technique for the surgical repositioning of the premaxilla using a minimally invasive endonasal approach. DESIGN:   Retrospective review of clinical records. SETTING:   Tertiary care, University Hospital, pediatric maxillofacial surgery unit. PATIENTS:   Twenty-one patients (12 boys and 9 girls), ages ranging from 6 to 21 years, with BCLP+A and premaxillary malposition (PM)...
January 31, 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117564/safeguarding-the-ada-s-antidiscrimination-mandate-subjecting-arrests-to-title-ii-coverage
#4
Shanna Rifkin
The news has been peppered with tragic stories of individuals with disabilities who have been killed or injured following police encounters. In the aftermath of these incidents, as injured parties seek accountability, a question looms: Can arrest proceedings violate the Americans with Disabilities Act? The ADA was enacted to prohibit disability discrimination. The law had an ambitious agenda, supported by broad statutory authority, to ensure equality in all areas of public life for individuals with disabilities...
January 2017: Duke Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094154/commentary-mandatory-reporting-for-child-protection-in-health-settings-and-the-rights-of-parents-with-disabilities
#5
Nancy R Mudrick, Carrie Jefferson Smith
This commentary considers the intersection of mandatory reporting in health settings and the public child protection system's treatment of parents with disabilities. Its impetus is the August 2015 technical assistance document issued jointly by the U.S. departments of Justice (DOJ) and Health and Human Services (HHS) that affirms the applicability of the ADA and Section 504 to child protection system (CPS) processes. The DOJ/HHS document speaks to actions of state child protection agencies and courts, without addressing the first step, mandatory reporting...
December 30, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071808/structure-and-feasibility-of-extra-practice-during-stroke-rehabilitation-a-systematic-scoping-review
#6
REVIEW
Claire Stewart, Annie McCluskey, Louise Ada, Suzanne Kuys
BACKGROUND/AIM: Improved motor performance is related to the amount of practice completed after a stroke. Australian guidelines recommend that at least one hour of active practice should be completed per day. Yet active practice levels remain low. The aims of this scoping review were to describe how extra practice at the activity level is structured for stroke survivors, and explore the feasibility of participants completing extra practice. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted of five electronic databases up to August 2015...
January 10, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065738/disability-identity-development-model-voices-from-the-ada-generation
#7
Anjali J Forber-Pratt, Marianne P Zape
BACKGROUND: For persons with disabilities, 2015 was a historic year, marking the 25th anniversary of the Americans with Disability Act (ADA) and the 40th anniversary of the passing of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). It is important to consider the effects of this fundamental shift towards equal opportunity and participation on persons with disabilities' identity development. In practice, however, there are few empirical studies that have looked at this phenomenon and even fewer models of disability identity development...
January 1, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002127/sex-is-associated-with-adalimumab-side-effects-and-drug-survival-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#8
Mitchell R K L Lie, Joany E Kreijne, C Janneke van der Woude
BACKGROUND: Adalimumab (ADA) is an effective treatment for Crohn's disease (CD). In rheumatology, sex differences concerning the response to ADA therapy have been described. However, such differences have not yet been reported for patients with CD. As such, the aim of this study was to compare ADA treatment outcomes in male and female patients with CD. METHODS: A clinical cohort was formed of consecutive patients with CD starting ADA in a single tertiary center between March 2006 and February 2011...
January 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899532/long-term-management-for-ventilator-assisted-children-in-hong-kong-2-decades-experience
#9
Shuk-Kuen Chau, Ada Wing-Yan Yung, So-Lun Lee
BACKGROUND: The population of children receiving long-term mechanical ventilation is growing worldwide, but only limited data exist in Asian regions. The objective of the study was to review the management of these children in Hong Kong over the past 2 decades. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study. Hospital records from subjects receiving mechanical ventilation for >3 months were retrieved. Demographic characteristics and medical information of subjects (≤21 y old) under the care of the ventilator program at the Duchess of Kent Children's Hospital between 1997 and 2015 were reviewed...
January 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899263/adalimumab-dose-escalation-is-effective-and-well-tolerated-in-crohn-s-disease-patients-with-secondary-loss-of-response-to-adalimumab
#10
Nicolas Duveau, Maria Nachury, Romain Gerard, Julien Branche, Vincent Maunoury, Medina Boualit, Pauline Wils, Pierre Desreumaux, Benjamin Pariente
BACKGROUND: Although adalimumab is effective in Crohn's disease, most patients experience a loss of response over time. The aim of the present study was to evaluate efficacy and safety of adalimumab dose escalation and identify predictors of a clinical response in Crohn's disease patients with a secondary loss of response. METHODS: We performed a retrospective and observational study including all Crohn's disease patients who underwent dose escalation of adalimumab after a secondary loss of response from 2007 to 2015...
February 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882833/evaluation-of-real-world-experience-with-tofacitinib-compared-with-adalimumab-etanercept-and-abatacept-in-ra-patients-with-1-previous-biologic-dmard-data-from-a-u-s-administrative-claims-database
#11
James Harnett, Robert Gerber, David Gruben, Andrew S Koenig, Connie Chen
BACKGROUND: Real-world data comparing tofacitinib with biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) are limited. OBJECTIVE: To compare characteristics, treatment patterns, and costs of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) receiving tofacitinib versus the most common bDMARDs (adalimumab [ADA], etanercept [ETN], and abatacept [ABA]) following a single bDMARD in a U.S. administrative claims database. METHODS: This study was a retrospective cohort analysis of patients aged ≥ 18 years with an RA diagnosis (ICD-9-CM codes 714...
December 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879353/2016-health-care-education-presidential-address-if-dsme-were-a-pill-would-you-prescribe-it
#12
Margaret A Powers
This address was delivered by Margaret A. Powers, PhD, RD, CDE, President, Health Care & Education, of the American Diabetes Association (ADA), at the ADA's 76th Scientific Sessions in New Orleans, LA, on 11 June 2016. Dr. Powers conducts research and has a clinical practice as a registered dietitian and diabetes educator at the International Diabetes Center at Park Nicollet in Minneapolis. Her research focuses on improving diabetes outcomes including factors that affect the clinical, psychosocial, and behavioral aspects of diabetes...
December 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866643/evaluating-levels-of-dentist-participation-in-medicaid-a-complicated-endeavor
#13
Clayton J Warder, Burton L Edelstein
BACKGROUND: The availability of dentists to care for Medicaid beneficiaries is a longstanding concern of many families and those who serve them in the dental profession as well as policy makers. Yet, little information beyond the number of enrolled dentists has been reliably determined. The American Dental Association (ADA) Health Policy Institute has called for more nuanced measures that better reflect dentistry's contribution to the care of Medicaid beneficiaries. METHODS: The authors calculated percentages of general and pediatric dentists who enrolled in Medicaid, billed Medicaid, and treated Medicaid beneficiaries in each state for which data were available from the ADA's 2008 study, the Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors' 2013 report, and the 2013 federal Web site InsureKidsNow...
January 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859570/diabetes-incidence-and-prevalence-in-hong-kong-china-during-2006-2014
#14
J Quan, T K Li, H Pang, C H Choi, S C Siu, S Y Tang, N M Wat, J Woo, J M Johnston, G M Leung
AIMS: To estimate recent secular changes in the incidence and prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes among Hong Kong Chinese adults, and thus show possible future trends for developing mainland China. METHODS: Based on a complete census of the public sector health records of 6.4 million people from 2006 to 2014, diabetes cases were ascertained using different methods including the World Health Organization (WHO) 2011 guidelines (HbA1c , fasting plasma glucose and glucose tolerance test), American Diabetes Association (ADA) 2015 guidelines (plus random plasma glucose), and additionally recorded diagnosis codes and medication dispensation...
November 12, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832749/type-2-diabetes-compromises-the-value-of-non-invasively-measured-augmentation-index-in-predicting-the-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease-a-hospital-based-observational-study
#15
Sijing Wu, Yujie Zhou, Yueping Li, Yuyang Liu, Dongmei Shi, Xiaoli Liu, Wei Liu, Yi Yu, Shuo Jia
BACKGROUND: Central hemodynamic indices have been demonstrated to correlate with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, in the context of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), this correlation has not been fully illustrated. Therefore, this study was employed to investigate the impact of DM on the correlation between aortic augmentation index and the severity of coronary artery disease. METHODS: In this study, we analyzed 197 patients who underwent coronary angiography at Anzhen Hospital from September 2015 to January 2016...
November 10, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761942/effects-of-advanced-carbohydrate-counting-guided-by-an-automated-bolus-calculator-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-stenoabc-a-12-month-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
E Hommel, S Schmidt, D Vistisen, K Neergaard, M Gribhild, T Almdal, K Nørgaard
AIMS: To test whether concomitant use of an automated bolus calculator for people with Type 1 diabetes carrying out advanced carbohydrate counting would induce further improvements in metabolic control. METHODS: We conducted a 12-month, randomized, parallel-group, open-label, single-centre, investigator-initiated clinical study. We enrolled advanced carbohydrate counting-naïve adults with Type 1 diabetes and HbA1c levels 64-100 mmol/mol (8.0-11.3%), who were receiving multiple daily insulin injection therapy...
October 20, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753881/ish-ada-02-comparison-of-pulse-wave-velocity-and-pulse-pressure-amplification-in-the-association-with-target-organ-damages-in-the-community-based-elderly-the-northern-shanghai-study
#17
Bin Bai, Jin Xiong, Yuyan Lv, Shikai Yu, Jiadela Teliewubai, Chen Chi, Yiwu Zhou, Kai Wang, Le Wang, Yi Zhang, Yawei Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the discrepancy between PWV and PPA in association with hypertensive TODs in the elderly population. DESIGN AND METHOD: From June 2014 to August 2015, a total of 1599 community-based elderly subjects (age > 65 years old) located in the northern Shanghai were recruited. The carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV), peripheral blood pressure (BP), central BP and other TODs indicators including the ratio of the early ventricular filling velocity (E) to the peak velocity of tissue Doppler velocity of septal mitral annulus (E/Ea), left ventricular mass index (LVMI), carotid intima-medium thickness (IMT), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), urinary albumin-creatinine rate (ACR) were assessed on each participant...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709443/safety-and-efficacy-of-etanercept-and-adalimumab-in-children-aged-2-to-4%C3%A2-years-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#18
D Windschall, G Horneff
The TNF inhibitors etanercept (ETA) and adalimumab (ADA) are approved for treating patients older than 2 years with polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Because long-term experience of treating children younger than 4 years is limited, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of ETA or ADA in patients aged 2-4 years. This prospective, long-term, observational registry study documented baseline demographics, clinical characteristics, disease activity parameters, and safety of patients treated with ETA or ADA...
December 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688936/review-of-clinical-studies-of-perampanel-in-adolescent-patients
#19
REVIEW
Heung Dong Kim, Ching-Shiang Chi, Tayard Desudchit, Marina Nikanorova, Anannit Visudtibhan, Charcrin Nabangchang, Derrick W S Chan, Choong Yi Fong, Kai-Ping Chang, Shang-Yeong Kwan, Fe De Los Reyes, Chao-Ching Huang, Surachai Likasitwattanakul, Wang-Tso Lee, Ada Yung, Amitabh Dash
AIM: To assess the clinical trial and real-world data for adjunctive perampanel in adolescents and develop consensus recommendations to guide the use of perampanel in this population in clinical practice. METHODS: In May 2015, 15 epilepsy experts attended a Consensus Development Meeting to assess the clinical trial data for perampanel, specific to the adolescent age group (12-17 years) and develop consensus treatment recommendations. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Analysis of the adolescent subgroup data of three pivotal placebo-controlled, double-blind, phase 3 trials investigating perampanel in patients with ongoing focal epileptic seizures despite receiving one to three antiepileptic drugs found that perampanel 4-12 mg was superior to placebo...
September 2016: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666569/adalimumab-or-infliximab-as-monotherapy-or-in-combination-with-an-immunomodulator-in-the-treatment-of-crohn-s-disease
#20
J Cosnes, H Sokol, A Bourrier, I Nion-Larmurier, A Wisniewski, C Landman, P Marteau, L Beaugerie, K Perez, P Seksik
BACKGROUND: The comparative efficacy of adalimumab (ADA) and infliximab (IFX) in Crohn's disease, and the benefit of initial combotherapy with an immunomodulator, are debated. AIM: To assess the best anti-TNF treatment regimens in Crohn's disease. METHODS: We included 906 biologic-naïve Crohn's disease patients [median age, 31 years (24-41)] and performed a retrospective analysis of 1284 therapeutic exposures to ADA (n = 521) or IFX (n = 763) between 2006 and 2015...
November 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
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