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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319804/are-diabetes-guidelines-truly-evidence-based
#1
REVIEW
Matthew F Bouchonville, Sara Matani, Jason J DuBroff, Robert J DuBroff
The global epidemic of obesity and diabetes underscores the urgency to develop strategies to prevent cardiovascular (CV) disease in this vulnerable population. Clinical guidelines are intended to help the clinician manage these patients, but guidelines are often discordant among professional organizations and not always evidence based. Clinicians must rely upon the best available evidence, and therefore we critically reviewed the evidence behind the American Diabetes Association (ADA) 2016 guidelines on the prevention of CV disease in diabetes...
March 7, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288484/pharmacologic-therapy-for-type-2-diabetes-synopsis-of-the-2017-american-diabetes-association-standards-of-medical-care-in-diabetes
#2
James J Chamberlain, William H Herman, Sandra Leal, Andrew S Rhinehart, Jay H Shubrook, Neil Skolnik, Rita Rastogi Kalyani
Description: The American Diabetes Association (ADA) annually updates the Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes to provide clinicians, patients, researchers, payers, and other interested parties with evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis and management of patients with diabetes. Methods: For the 2017 Standards, the ADA Professional Practice Committee updated previous MEDLINE searches performed from 1 January 2016 to November 2016 to add, clarify, or revise recommendations based on new evidence...
March 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270716/from-froot-loops-to-fitness-my-journey-as-an-educator-and-person-with-diabetes
#3
Sheri R Colberg-Ochs
EDITOR'S NOTE: This article is adapted from the address Dr. Colberg delivered as the recipient of the American Diabetes Association's Outstanding Educator in Diabetes Award for 2016. She delivered the address in June 2016 at the association's 76th Annual Meeting and Scientific Sessions in New Orleans, La. A webcast of this speech is available for viewing at the ADA website (http://professional.diabetes.org/search/site?f%5B0%5D=im_field_dbp_ct%3A7&f%5B1%5D=sm_field_wcast_mname%3Anode%3A120&retain-filters=1).
February 2017: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270715/if-dsme-were-a-pill-would-you-prescribe-it
#4
Margaret A Powers
EDITOR'S NOTE: This address was delivered by Margaret A. Powers, PhD, RD, CDE, President, Health Care & Education, of the American Diabetes Association (ADA), at the ADA's 76th Scientific Sessions in New Orleans, La., on 11 June 2016. Dr. Powers conducts research and has a clinical practice as a registered dietitian and diabetes educator at the International Diabetes Center at Park Nicollet in Minneapolis, Minn. Her research focuses on improving diabetes outcomes, including factors that affect the clinical, psychosocial, and behavioral aspects of diabetes...
February 2017: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245184/an-approach-for-estimating-measurement-uncertainty-in-medical-laboratories-using-data-from-long-term-quality-control-and-external-quality-assessment-schemes
#5
Andrea Padoan, Giorgia Antonelli, Ada Aita, Laura Sciacovelli, Mario Plebani
BACKGROUND: The present study was prompted by the ISO 15189 requirements that medical laboratories should estimate measurement uncertainty (MU). METHODS: The method used to estimate MU included the: a) identification of quantitative tests, b) classification of tests in relation to their clinical purpose, and c) identification of criteria to estimate the different MU components. Imprecision was estimated using long-term internal quality control (IQC) results of the year 2016, while external quality assessment schemes (EQAs) results obtained in the period 2015-2016 were used to estimate bias and bias uncertainty...
February 28, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128435/vitamin-e-for-alzheimer-s-dementia-and-mild-cognitive-impairment
#6
REVIEW
Nicolas Farina, David Llewellyn, Mokhtar Gad El Kareem Nasr Isaac, Naji Tabet
BACKGROUND: Vitamin E occurs naturally in the diet. It has several biological activities, including functioning as an antioxidant to scavenge toxic free radicals. Evidence that free radicals may contribute to the pathological processes behind cognitive impairment has led to interest in the use of vitamin E supplements to treat mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2000, and previously updated in 2006 and 2012...
January 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052578/ticagrelor-increased-adenosine-and-cyclic-adenosine-monophosphate-plasma-concentration-compared-with-clopidogrel-in-acute-coronary-syndromes-patients
#7
Xiao-Ye Li, Qi-Bing Wang, Ying Xue, Jia-Hui Chen, Qian-Zhou Lv
Ticagrelor produces a more potent antiplatelet effect than clopidogrel, and inhibits cellular uptake of adenosine, which is associated with several cardiovascular consequences. We aimed to explore the correlation between adenosine and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) plasma concentration and antiplatelet effect by clopidogrel or ticagrelor in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients receiving dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). We conducted a prospective, observational and single-centre cohort study enrolling 68 patients with non-ST-segment elevation ACS from January 2016 to May 2016...
January 4, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995162/dataset-of-proteins-mapped-on-hepg2-cells-and-those-differentially-abundant-after-expression-of-the-dengue-non-structural-1-protein
#8
Kíssila Rabelo, Monique R O Trugilho, Simone M Costa, André T S Ferreira, Paulo C Carvalho, Jonas Perales, Ada M B Alves
The data supplied in this article are related to the research article entitled "The effect of the dengue non-structural 1 protein expression over the HepG2 cell proteins in a proteomic approach" (K. Rabelo, M.R. Trugillo, S.M. Costa, B.A. Pereira, O.C. Moreira, A.T. Ferreira et al., 2016) [1]. The present article provides the inventory of peptides and proteins mapped in a hepatocyte cell line (HepG2) by mass spectrometry in the presence of the non-structural protein 1 (NS1) of Dengue 2 virus (DENV2). Cells were transfected with pcENS1 plasmid, which encodes the DENV2 NS1 protein, or the controls pcDNA3 (negative control) or pMAXGFP, encoding the green fluorescent protein (GFP), a protein unrelated to dengue...
February 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989731/biofeedback-improves-performance-in-lower-limb-activities-more-than-usual-therapy-in-people-following-stroke-a-systematic-review
#9
Rosalyn Stanton, Louise Ada, Catherine M Dean, Elisabeth Preston
QUESTION: Is biofeedback during the practice of lower limb activities after stroke more effective than usual therapy in improving those activities, and are any benefits maintained beyond the intervention? DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis of randomised trials with a PEDro score > 4. PARTICIPANTS: People who have had a stroke. INTERVENTION: Biofeedback (any type delivered by any signal or sense) delivered concurrently during practice of sitting, standing up, standing or walking compared with the same amount of practice without biofeedback...
January 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882833/evaluation-of-real-world-experience-with-tofacitinib-compared-with-adalimumab-etanercept-and-abatacept-in-ra-patients-with-1-previous-biologic-dmard-data-from-a-u-s-administrative-claims-database
#10
James Harnett, Robert Gerber, David Gruben, Andrew S Koenig, Connie Chen
BACKGROUND: Real-world data comparing tofacitinib with biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) are limited. OBJECTIVE: To compare characteristics, treatment patterns, and costs of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) receiving tofacitinib versus the most common bDMARDs (adalimumab [ADA], etanercept [ETN], and abatacept [ABA]) following a single bDMARD in a U.S. administrative claims database. METHODS: This study was a retrospective cohort analysis of patients aged ≥ 18 years with an RA diagnosis (ICD-9-CM codes 714...
December 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879353/2016-health-care-education-presidential-address-if-dsme-were-a-pill-would-you-prescribe-it
#11
Margaret A Powers
This address was delivered by Margaret A. Powers, PhD, RD, CDE, President, Health Care & Education, of the American Diabetes Association (ADA), at the ADA's 76th Scientific Sessions in New Orleans, LA, on 11 June 2016. Dr. Powers conducts research and has a clinical practice as a registered dietitian and diabetes educator at the International Diabetes Center at Park Nicollet in Minneapolis. Her research focuses on improving diabetes outcomes including factors that affect the clinical, psychosocial, and behavioral aspects of diabetes...
December 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870552/glycemic-predictors-of-insulin-independence-after-total-pancreatectomy-with-islet-auto-transplantation
#12
Michael Quartuccio, Erica Hall, Vikesh Singh, Martin A Makary, Kenzo Hirose, Niraj Desai, Christi Walsh, Daniel Warren, Zhaoli Sun, Ellen Stein, Rita R Kalyani
CONTEXT: Total pancreatectomy with islet auto transplantation (TPIAT) is a treatment for medically refractory chronic pancreatitis that can prevent postsurgical diabetes in a subset of patients. Predictors of insulin independence are needed for appropriate patient selection and counseling. OBJECTIVE: To explore glycemic predictors of insulin independence after TPIAT. DESIGN: A prospective cohort of patients undergoing TPIAT from 2011-2016...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832749/type-2-diabetes-compromises-the-value-of-non-invasively-measured-augmentation-index-in-predicting-the-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease-a-hospital-based-observational-study
#13
Sijing Wu, Yujie Zhou, Yueping Li, Yuyang Liu, Dongmei Shi, Xiaoli Liu, Wei Liu, Yi Yu, Shuo Jia
BACKGROUND: Central hemodynamic indices have been demonstrated to correlate with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, in the context of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), this correlation has not been fully illustrated. Therefore, this study was employed to investigate the impact of DM on the correlation between aortic augmentation index and the severity of coronary artery disease. METHODS: In this study, we analyzed 197 patients who underwent coronary angiography at Anzhen Hospital from September 2015 to January 2016...
November 10, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713394/effect-of-growth-hormone-and-igg-aggregates-on-dendritic-cells-activation-and-t-cells-polarization
#14
Yann Gallais, Natacha Szely, François-Xavier Legrand, Arnaud Leroy, Marc Pallardy, Isabelle Turbica
Patients treated with therapeutic biological products (BP) frequently develop anti-drug antibodies (ADA) with potential neutralizing capacities leading to loss of clinical response or serious side effects. BP aggregates have been suggested to promote immunogenicity, thus enhancing ADA production. Dendritic cells (DC) are key effectors in T-cell and B-cell fates, and the subsequent generation of immunogenicity. The objective of this work was to determine if BP aggregates can participate to DC maturation and T-cell activation...
March 2017: Immunology and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660119/2016-presidential-address-diabetes-at-212%C3%A2-confronting-the-invisible-disease
#15
Desmond Schatz
This address was delivered by Desmond Schatz, MD, President, Medicine & Science, of the American Diabetes Association (ADA), at the Association's 76th Scientific Sessions in New Orleans, LA, on 12 June 2016. Dr. Schatz is Professor and Associate Chairman of Pediatrics, Medical Director of the University of Florida Diabetes Institute, and Director of the Clinical Research Center at the University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. A physician-scientist, he has been involved in type 1 diabetes research since the mid-1980s and has published over 300 articles and book chapters...
October 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637769/increasing-the-amount-of-usual-rehabilitation-improves-activity-after-stroke-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Emma J Schneider, Natasha A Lannin, Louise Ada, Julia Schmidt
QUESTIONS: In people receiving rehabilitation aimed at reducing activity limitations of the lower and/or upper limb after stroke, does adding extra rehabilitation (of the same content as the usual rehabilitation) improve activity? What is the amount of extra rehabilitation that needs to be provided to achieve a beneficial effect? DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis of randomised trials. PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged 18 years or older that had a diagnosis of stroke...
October 2016: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501165/my-sister-myself-a-controlled-study-of-the-relationship-between-women-with-a-lifetime-diagnosis-of-anorexia-nervosa-and-their-sisters
#17
Ada H Zohar, Lilac Lev Ari, Rachel Bachner-Melman
This study focused on the quality of the relationship between women with a lifetime anorexia nervosa (AN) diagnosis and their sisters, in the context of family functioning. Participants were 112 sister pairs including a woman with a lifetime diagnosis of AN, and 356 sister pairs with no history of an eating disorder. Participants completed the Sibling Relationship Questionnaire, Family Environment Scale and Eating Attitudes Test-26. We hypothesised that sister relationships would be less favourably assessed by women with an AN diagnosis than by their sisters, and less favourably assessed overall in the AN sister pairs than in the healthy sib-pair controls...
August 8, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474683/corrigendum-to-preparation-of-functionalized-cotton-fabrics-by-means-of-melatonin-loaded-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-nanosponges-carbohydrate-polymers-2016-24-30
#18
Manuela Mihailiasa, Fabrizio Caldera, Jiemeng Li, Roberta Peila, Ada Ferri, Francesco Trotta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458613/american-diabetes-association-76th-scientific-sessions-june-10-14-2016-new-orleans-louisiana-usa
#19
S Lam
The 76th American Diabetes Association (ADA) Scientific Sessions took place in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. The meeting brought together scientists and professionals from a wide range of disciplines in the field of diabetes and provided a platform for networking, allowing experts and researchers to share ideas and learn about the significant advances in diabetes research, treatment and care. Over the course of the 5 days, participants received exclusive access to more than 2,500 original research presentations...
June 2016: Drugs of Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27195816/the-phenotypic-spectrum-of-schaaf-yang-syndrome-18-new-affected-individuals-from-14-families
#20
Michael D Fountain, Emmelien Aten, Megan T Cho, Jane Juusola, Magdalena A Walkiewicz, Joseph W Ray, Fan Xia, Yaping Yang, Brett H Graham, Carlos A Bacino, Lorraine Potocki, Arie van Haeringen, Claudia A L Ruivenkamp, Pedro Mancias, Hope Northrup, Mary K Kukolich, Marjan M Weiss, Conny M A van Ravenswaaij-Arts, Inge B Mathijssen, Sebastien Levesque, Naomi Meeks, Jill A Rosenfeld, Danielle Lemke, Ada Hamosh, Suzanne K Lewis, Simone Race, Laura L Stewart, Beverly Hay, Andrea M Lewis, Rita L Guerreiro, Jose T Bras, Marcia P Martins, Gerarda Derksen-Lubsen, Els Peeters, Connie Stumpel, Sander Stegmann, Levinus A Bok, Gijs W E Santen, Christian P Schaaf
PURPOSE: Truncating mutations in the maternally imprinted, paternally expressed gene MAGEL2, which is located in the Prader-Willi critical region 15q11-13, have recently been reported to cause Schaaf-Yang syndrome, a Prader-Willi-like disease that manifests as developmental delay/intellectual disability, hypotonia, feeding difficulties, and autism spectrum disorder. The causality of the reported variants in the context of the patients' phenotypes was questioned, as MAGEL2 whole-gene deletions seem to cause little or no clinical phenotype...
January 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
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