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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892816/treatment-of-type-1-diabetes-synopsis-of-the-2017-american-diabetes-association-standards-of-medical-care-in-diabetes
#1
James J Chamberlain, Rita Rastogi Kalyani, Sandra Leal, Andrew S Rhinehart, Jay H Shubrook, Neil Skolnik, William H Herman
Description: The American Diabetes Association (ADA) annually updates Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes to provide clinicians, patients, researchers, payers, and other interested parties with evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis and management of patients with diabetes. Methods: For the 2017 Standards of Care, the ADA Professional Practice Committee did MEDLINE searches from 1 January 2016 to November 2016 to add, clarify, or revise recommendations on the basis of new evidence...
September 12, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876218/deaf-workers-in-restaurant-retail-and-hospitality-sector-employment-harnessing-research-to-promote-advocacy
#2
Hayley Stokar
A quarter century after the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) (1990), workplace accommodation is still a struggle for deaf employees and their managers. Many challenges are the result of communication barriers that can be overcome through much needed-though often absent-advocacy and training. The current article highlights the literature on the employment of deaf individuals in the United States service industries of food service, retail, and hospitality conducted from 2000-2016. Exploring dimensions of both hiring and active workplace accommodation, suggestions are made for how social work advocates can harness information and strengthen their approaches for educating managers and supporting workers...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844047/cumulative-retention-rate-of-adalimumab-in-patients-with-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-related-uveitis-a-four-year-follow-up-study
#3
Claudia Fabiani, Jurgen Sota, Antonio Vitale, Donato Rigante, Giacomo Emmi, Lorenzo Vannozzi, Daniela Bacherini, Giuseppe Lopalco, Silvana Guerriero, Stefano Gentileschi, Marco Capozzoli, Rossella Franceschini, Bruno Frediani, Mauro Galeazzi, Florenzo Iannone, Gian Marco Tosi, Luca Cantarini
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Adalimumab (ADA) has been shown to be an effective treatment for Behçet's disease (BD)-related uveitis. We aimed at evaluating the cumulative retention rate of ADA during a 48-month follow-up period in patients with BD-related uveitis, the impact of a concomitant use of disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) on ADA retention rate, and differences according to the various lines of biologic therapy (ie, first- vs second-line or more). Predictive factors of response to ADA were also investigated...
August 26, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822006/long-term-outcomes-of-adalimumab-treatment-in-254-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-a-hospital-based-cohort-study-from-korea
#4
Hyungil Seo, Byong Duk Ye, Eun Mi Song, Sun-Ho Lee, Kiju Chang, Ho-Su Lee, Sung Wook Hwang, Sang Hyoung Park, Dong-Hoon Yang, Kyung-Jo Kim, Jeong-Sik Byeon, Seung-Jae Myung, Suk-Kyun Yang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Large-scale studies regarding the long-term outcomes of adalimumab (ADA) treatment in Asian patients with Crohn's disease (CD) are still scarce. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the long-term outcomes of ADA treatment in Korean CD patients who commenced on scheduled ADA treatment at Asan Medical Center between November 2008 and July 2016. Clinical response was defined as maintaining ADA treatment without dose intensification (DI) and/or major abdominal surgery (MAS)...
August 18, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772017/an-initiative-to-improve-primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-adults-with-type-ii-diabetes-based-on-the-acc-aha-2013-and-ada-2016-guidelines
#5
Litzie Garza, Jean Dols, Maria Gillespie
PURPOSE: This project was designed to increase family practice clinicians' adherence to the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (2013) and American Diabetes Association (ADA, 2016) clinical practice guidelines for the prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in 40- to 75-year-old adults with type II diabetes (DMII) through interactive education, an electronic alert, and quality improvement sessions on the treatment and management of cholesterol in a family practice primary care setting...
August 3, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765456/trends-in-basic-sciences-education-in-dental-schools-1999-2016
#6
Marilyn S Lantz, Charles F Shuler
The purpose of this study was to examine data published over the past two decades to identify trends in the basic sciences curriculum in dental education, provide an analysis of those trends, and compare them with trends in the basic sciences curriculum in medical education. Data published from the American Dental Association (ADA) Surveys of Dental Education, American Dental Education Association (ADEA) Surveys of Dental School Seniors, and two additional surveys were examined. In large part, survey data collected focused on the structure, content, and instructional strategies used in dental education: what was taught and how...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747913/family-history-of-early-infant-death-correlates-with-earlier-age-at-diagnosis-but-not-shorter-time-to-diagnosis-for-severe-combined-immunodeficiency
#7
Anderson Dik Wai Luk, Pamela P Lee, Huawei Mao, Koon-Wing Chan, Xiang Yuan Chen, Tong-Xin Chen, Jian Xin He, Nadia Kechout, Deepti Suri, Yin Bo Tao, Yong Bin Xu, Li Ping Jiang, Woei Kang Liew, Orathai Jirapongsananuruk, Tassalapa Daengsuwan, Anju Gupta, Surjit Singh, Amit Rawat, Amir Hamzah Abdul Latiff, Anselm Chi Wai Lee, Lynette P Shek, Thi Van Anh Nguyen, Tek Jee Chin, Yin Hsiu Chien, Zarina Abdul Latiff, Thi Minh Huong Le, Nguyen Ngoc Quynh Le, Bee Wah Lee, Qiang Li, Dinesh Raj, Mohamed-Ridha Barbouche, Meow-Keong Thong, Maria Carmen D Ang, Xiao Chuan Wang, Chen Guang Xu, Hai Guo Yu, Hsin-Hui Yu, Tsz Leung Lee, Felix Yat Sun Yau, Wilfred Hing-Sang Wong, Wenwei Tu, Wangling Yang, Patrick Chun Yin Chong, Marco Hok Kung Ho, Yu Lung Lau
BACKGROUND: Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is fatal unless treated with hematopoietic stem cell transplant. Delay in diagnosis is common without newborn screening. Family history of infant death due to infection or known SCID (FH) has been associated with earlier diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the clinical features that affect age at diagnosis (AD) and time to the diagnosis of SCID. METHODS: From 2005 to 2016, 147 SCID patients were referred to the Asian Primary Immunodeficiency Network...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648009/-diagnostic-performance-of-t-spot-tb-on-peripheral-blood-in-combination-with-adenosine-deaminase-on-pleural-fluid-for-the-diagnosis-of-tuberculous-pleurisy-within-different-age-group
#8
H Y Xu, D Q Zhang, J R Ye, S S Su, Y P Xie, C S Chen, Y P Li
Objective: To evaluate the performance of T cell enzyme-linked immuno-spot assay (T-SPOT) on peripheral blood in combination with adenosine deaminase (ADA) on pleural fluid for diagnosis of tuberculous (TB) pleurisy within different age groups. Methods: The data of patients with pleural effusion from the Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine of the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from April 2012 to November 2016 were retrospectively analyzed, and the diagnoses of these patients were histopathologically confirmed through medical thoracoscopy...
June 27, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625273/development-of-a-core-outcome-set-for-disease-modification-trials-in-mild-to-moderate-dementia-a-systematic-review-patient-and-public-consultation-and-consensus-recommendations
#9
Lucy Webster, Derek Groskreutz, Anna Grinbergs-Saull, Rob Howard, John T O'Brien, Gail Mountain, Sube Banerjee, Bob Woods, Robert Perneczky, Louise Lafortune, Charlotte Roberts, Jenny McCleery, James Pickett, Frances Bunn, David Challis, Georgina Charlesworth, Katie Featherstone, Chris Fox, Claire Goodman, Roy Jones, Sallie Lamb, Esme Moniz-Cook, Justine Schneider, Sasha Shepperd, Claire Surr, Jo Thompson-Coon, Clive Ballard, Carol Brayne, Orlaith Burke, Alistair Burns, Linda Clare, Peter Garrard, Patrick Kehoe, Peter Passmore, Clive Holmes, Ian Maidment, Fliss Murtagh, Louise Robinson, Gill Livingston
BACKGROUND: There is currently no disease-modifying treatment available to halt or delay the progression of the disease pathology in dementia. An agreed core set of the best-available and most appropriate outcomes for disease modification would facilitate the design of trials and ensure consistency across disease modification trials, as well as making results comparable and meta-analysable in future trials. OBJECTIVES: To agree a set of core outcomes for disease modification trials for mild to moderate dementia with the UK dementia research community and patient and public involvement (PPI)...
May 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572414/is-the-advanced-dental-admission-test-adat-the-metric-needed-to-assist-with-postgraduate-admissions-two-viewpoints-viewpoint-1-the-adat-provides-a-viable-solution-to-help-postgraduate-programs-differentiate-applicants-and-viewpoint-2-the-adat-has-questionable
#10
Alec S Eidelman, Thomas Whitmer
In 2012, when the National Board Dental Examination (NBDE) was changed from a numerical scoring system to pass/fail, advanced dental education programs lost a metric widely used for differentiating applicants to those programs. The American Dental Association (ADA) has developed the Advanced Dental Admission Test (ADAT) to address this issue. Implementation of the ADAT began in 2016 with a pilot program, which has not yet been widely accepted in the overall admissions process. This Point/Counterpoint explores the benefits and challenges of using the ADAT for postgraduate admissions...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556176/lixisenatide-a-once-daily-prandial-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonist-for-the-treatment-of-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#11
REVIEW
Jennifer M Trujillo, Jennifer Goldman
Lixisenatide, a short-acting glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 RA), has been available in Europe since 2013 and was recently approved in the United States for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D) as an adjunct to diet and exercise. The objective of this systematic review is to describe the pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, safety, and efficacy of lixisenatide in patients with T2D. We conducted a search of the EMBASE database, limited to human studies with abstracts available in English. Published conference abstracts, limited to the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes meetings in 2015, as well as abstracts presented at the ADA meeting in 2016, were also screened...
August 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523989/effects-of-exercise-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-following-stroke-or-transient-ischemic-attack-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Natalie Teresa D'Isabella, Daria Alex Shkredova, Julie Anne Richardson, Ada Tang
OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to investigate the effects of exercise-based interventions on cardiovascular risk factors in individuals with stroke or transient ischemic attack. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and CINAHL were searched from inceptions to 28 December 2016. REVIEW METHODS: Randomized controlled trials were included that involved exercise with or without other interventions, included participants of any age, with diagnosis of transient ischemic attack or stroke, at any stage of severity or time period following the event, and reported cardiovascular risk factor outcomes...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507772/clinically-significant-depressive-symptoms-and-sexual-behaviour-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#13
Ada R Miltz, Alison J Rodger, Janey Sewell, Andrew Speakman, Andrew N Phillips, Lorraine Sherr, Richard J Gilson, David Asboe, Nneka C Nwokolo, Amanda Clarke, Mark M Gompels, Sris Allan, Simon Collins, Fiona C Lampe
BACKGROUND: The relationship between depression and sexual behaviour among men who have sex with men (MSM) is poorly understood. AIMS: To investigate prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score ≥10) and the relationship between depressive symptoms and sexual behaviour among MSM reporting recent sex. METHOD: The Attitudes to and Understanding of Risk of Acquisition of HIV (AURAH) is a cross-sectional study of UK genitourinary medicine clinic attendees without diagnosed HIV (2013-2014)...
May 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494594/caring-for-baby-s-teeth-starts-before-birth
#14
EDITORIAL
L Paglia
Care for a child's teeth and gums can start even before the baby is born. Pregnancy causes many hormonal changes, among these the rise of estrogen and progesterone increases the risk of developing oral health problems, like gingivitis and periodontitis.The presence of maternal periodontal diseases and active infections has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm birth, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes and foetal loss. Therefore, it is important to educate pregnant women about their oral hygiene and the importance of taking care of their newborn's oral health...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491872/incidence-and-contributing-factors-of-persistent-hyperglycemia-at-6-12-weeks-postpartum-in-iranian-women-with-gestational-diabetes-results-from-laga-cohort-study
#15
Sedigheh Nouhjah, Hajieh Shahbazian, Nahid Shahbazian, Alireza Jahanshahi, Shayesteh Jahanfar, Bahman Cheraghian
Background. A history of gestational diabetes is an important predictor of many metabolic disturbances later in life. Method. Life after gestational diabetes Ahvaz Study (LAGAs) is an ongoing population-based cohort study. Up to February 2016, 176 women with gestational diabetes underwent a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) at 6-12 weeks postpartum in Ahvaz (southwestern of Iran). Gestational diabetes was diagnosed according to the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) criteria and the American Diabetes Association (ADA) criteria applied for diagnosis of postpartum prediabetes and diabetes...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418065/vitamin-e-for-alzheimer-s-dementia-and-mild-cognitive-impairment
#16
REVIEW
Nicolas Farina, David Llewellyn, Mokhtar Gad El Kareem Nasr Isaac, Naji Tabet
BACKGROUND: Vitamin E occurs naturally in the diet. It has several biological activities, including functioning as an antioxidant to scavenge toxic free radicals. Evidence that free radicals may contribute to the pathological processes behind cognitive impairment has led to interest in the use of vitamin E supplements to treat mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2000, and previously updated in 2006 and 2012...
April 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403980/characteristics-management-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-africa-a-multicountry-observational-study-from-the-africa-liver-cancer-consortium
#17
Ju Dong Yang, Essa A Mohamed, Ashraf O Abdel Aziz, Hend I Shousha, Mohamed B Hashem, Mohamed M Nabeel, Ahmed H Abdelmaksoud, Tamer M Elbaz, Mary Y Afihene, Babatunde M Duduyemi, Joshua P Ayawin, Adam Gyedu, Marie-Jeanne Lohouès-Kouacou, Antonin W Ndjitoyap Ndam, Ehab F Moustafa, Sahar M Hassany, Abdelmajeed M Moussa, Rose A Ugiagbe, Casimir E Omuemu, Richard Anthony, Dennis Palmer, Albert F Nyanga, Abraham O Malu, Solomon Obekpa, Abdelmounem E Abdo, Awatif I Siddig, Hatim M Y Mudawi, Uchenna Okonkwo, Mbang Kooffreh-Ada, Yaw A Awuku, Yvonne A Nartey, Elizabeth T Abbew, Nana A Awuku, Jesse A Otegbayo, Kolawole O Akande, Hailemichael M Desalegn, Abidemi E Omonisi, Akande O Ajayi, Edith N Okeke, Mary J Duguru, Pantong M Davwar, Michael C Okorie, Shettima Mustapha, Jose D Debes, Ponsiano Ocama, Olufunmilayo A Lesi, Emuobor Odeghe, Ruth Bello, Charles Onyekwere, Francis Ekere, Rufina Igetei, Mitchell A Mah'moud, Benyam Addissie, Hawa M Ali, Gregory J Gores, Mark D Topazian, Lewis R Roberts
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma is a leading cause of cancer-related death in Africa, but there is still no comprehensive description of the current status of its epidemiology in Africa. We therefore initiated an African hepatocellular carcinoma consortium aiming to describe the clinical presentation, management, and outcomes of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma in Africa. METHODS: We did a multicentre, multicountry, retrospective observational cohort study, inviting investigators from the African Network for Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases to participate in the consortium to develop hepatocellular carcinoma research databases and biospecimen repositories...
February 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384869/does-iron-deficiency-anaemia-and-its-severity-influence-hba1c-level-in-non-diabetics-an-analysis-of-150-cases
#18
Lavanya Rajagopal, Shivashekar Ganapathy, Sundaram Arunachalam, Veena Raja, Balaji Ramraj
INTRODUCTION: Anaemia has a high prevalence having great impact worldwide and potentially contributing to the pathogenesis of various chronic diseases. Approximately 1/3(rd) of patients with anaemia have iron deficiency. American Diabetes Association (ADA) has affirmed Glycated Haemoglobin (HbA1C) ≥ 6.5% as a diagnostic criterion for Diabetes Mellitus (DM). Variation of HbA1C in Iron Deficiency Anaemia (IDA) has clashing results. AIM: To decide the impact of IDA on HbA1C levels among non diabetics...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379024/-comments-on-current-guidelines-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-treatment
#19
REVIEW
Emil Martinka
In an effort to facilitate the widest possible application of recent findings in diabetology and the related medical fields, with regard to characteristics of medicines and current possibilities of using modern procedures, but also to their limitations due to the financial capacities of health insurance companies, SDS innovates its therapeutic recommendations for the treatment of diabetes mellitus on a regular basis. The most recent recommendations were issued by SDS in August 2016. The review discusses and describes several factors which the authors considered during their preparation: (1) Compliance with the findings of evidence-based medicine, compliance with reference recommendations (therapeutic recommendations ADA/EASD), compliance with summary characteristics of active substances in the treatment of diabetes mellitus and approved possibilities of their use, and compliance with indica-tive restrictions (IO) which define medical and economic conditions for health insurance covered treatment...
December 0: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365444/persistence-of-nonceliac-wheat-sensitivity-based-on-long-term%C3%A2-follow-up
#20
Antonio Carroccio, Alberto D'Alcamo, Giuseppe Iacono, Maurizio Soresi, Rosario Iacobucci, Andrea Arini, Girolamo Geraci, Francesca Fayer, Francesca Cavataio, Francesco La Blasca, Ada M Florena, Pasquale Mansueto
We investigated how many patients with a diagnosis of nonceliac wheat sensitivity (NCWS) still experienced wheat sensitivity after a median follow-up time of 99 months. We collected data from 200 participants from a previous study of NCWS, performed between July and December 2016 in Italy; 148 of these individuals were still on a strict wheat-free diet. In total, 175 patients (88%) improved (had fewer symptoms) after a diagnosis of NCWS; 145 of 148 patients who adhered strictly to a gluten-free diet (98%) had reduced symptoms, compared with 30 of 52 patients who did not adhere to a gluten-free diet (58%) (P < ...
July 2017: Gastroenterology
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