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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777286/-fitness-to-drive-with-cardiovascular-diseases-current-guidelines-of-the-german-federal-highway-research-institute
#1
W Jung, B Hajredini, V Zvereva
The general rules for participation in road traffic are specified in the German Driving License Regulations (FeV). The assessment of fitness to drive motor vehicles is, in addition to Annex 4 of the FeV, governed by the guidelines of the German Federal Highway Research Institute, which implements the requirements of the European Union in Germany. By anchoring the assessment guidelines on fitness to drive in the FeV (Annex 4) and the publication in the Traffic Journal, the guidelines have a normative character...
May 17, 2018: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762858/evaluation-of-cardiovascular-risk-profile-a-comparative-analysis-between-cuore-algorithm-and-the-framingham-risk-scores
#2
G La Torre, V Palmeri, L Pagano, G Nati, S Sernia, A Mannocci
OBJECTIVE: Coronary heart diseases (CHD) are the leading cause of premature death and loss of disability adjusted life years in Europe. In order to implement appropriate health interventions as preventive tools, it is necessary to understand the epidemiological stratification of cardiovascular risk and the specific situation of each individual reality. This study investigates the reliability of two algorithms used to assess cardiovascular risk: the Framingham algorithm and the CUORE algorithm...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759851/the-role-of-adiposity-in-the-association-between-muscular-fitness-and-cardiovascular-disease
#3
Alejandro Pérez-Bey, Víctor Segura-Jiménez, Jorge Del Rosario Fernández-Santos, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Sonia Gómez-Martínez, Oscar L Veiga, Ascensión Marcos, José Castro-Piñero
OBJECTIVES: To test the associations of muscular fitness and body mass index (BMI), individually and combined, with clustered cardiovascular disease risk factors in children and adolescents and to analyze the mediator role of BMI in the association between muscular fitness and clustered cardiovascular disease risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: In total, 239 children (113 girls) and 270 adolescents (128 girls) participated in this cross-sectional study. Height and weight were assessed, and BMI was calculated...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759065/high-resolution-mapping-of-traffic-related-air-pollution-with-google-street-view-cars-and-incidence-of-cardiovascular-events-within-neighborhoods-in-oakland-ca
#4
Stacey E Alexeeff, Ananya Roy, Jun Shan, Xi Liu, Kyle Messier, Joshua S Apte, Christopher Portier, Stephen Sidney, Stephen K Van Den Eeden
BACKGROUND: Some studies have linked long-term exposure to traffic related air pollutants (TRAP) with adverse cardiovascular health outcomes; however, previous studies have not linked highly variable concentrations of TRAP measured at street-level within neighborhoods to cardiovascular health outcomes. METHODS: Long-term pollutant concentrations for nitrogen dioxide [NO2 ], nitric oxide [NO], and black carbon [BC] were obtained by street-level mobile monitoring on 30 m road segments and linked to residential addresses of 41,869 adults living in Oakland during 2010 to 2015...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755986/implications-of-cellular-aging-in-cardiac-reprogramming
#5
Fabiana Passaro, Gianluca Testa
Aging is characterized by a chronic functional decline of organ systems which leads to tissue dysfunction over time, representing a risk factor for diseases development, including cardiovascular. The aging process occurring in the cardiovascular system involves heart and vessels at molecular and cellular level, with subsequent structural modifications and functional impairment. Several modifications involved in the aging process can be ascribed to cellular senescence, a biological response that limits the proliferation of damaged cells...
2018: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754656/the-prognostic-value-of-heart-rate-recovery-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Sangeeta Lachman, Michel S Terbraak, Jacqueline Limpens, Harald Jorstad, Cees Lucas, Wilma Scholte Op Reimer, S Matthijs Boekholdt, Gerben Ter Riet, Ron J G Peters
BACKGROUND: Routine outpatient care of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) lacks a simple measure of physical fitness and risk of mortality. Heart rate recovery (HRR) is noninvasive and easily obtainable in outpatient settings. Prior studies have suggested that delayed postexercise HRR in the first minutes is associated with mortality in several types of populations. However, a comprehensive overview of the prognostic value of delayed HRR for time to mortality specifically in CAD patients is not available...
May 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754570/cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-child-population-the-health-oriented-pedagogical-project-hopp
#7
Wei Hai Deng, Morten Lindberg, Ole Petter Hjelle, Asgeir Mamen, Per Morten Fredriksen
AIMS: The main aim of the present study was to investigate the clustering of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and metabolic syndrome in a large, healthy representative Norwegian child population. METHODS: From a population of 2817, parents of 2297 children agreed to participate. Values of waist circumference (WC), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), systolic blood pressure (sysBP), haemoglobin-A1c (HbA1c) and Andersen aerobic fitness test were used to test clustering of cardiometabolic risk factors in this sample...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752179/the-effect-of-eicosapentaenoic-and-docosahexaenoic-acids-on-physical-function-exercise-and-joint-replacement-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Abdulhamied Alfaddagh, Tarec K Elajami, Mohamad Saleh, Mohamad Elajami, Bruce R Bistrian, Francine K Welty
BACKGROUND: Poor physical function impairs fitness and exercise and is associated with worse cardiovascular outcomes and all-cause mortality. Joint pain and stiffness limit physical function. OBJECTIVE: To determine if eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation improves physical function and exercise in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. METHODS: A total of 291 subjects with stable CAD were randomized to either Lovaza (1...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748417/natural-experiment-examining-the-longitudinal-association-between-change-in-residential-segregation-and-youth-cardiovascular-health-across-race-ethnicity-and-gender-in-the-usa
#9
REVIEW
Emily M D'Agostino, Hersila H Patel, Zafar Ahmed, Eric Hansen, M Sunil Mathew, Maria I Nardi, Sarah E Messiah
BACKGROUND: Identifying how racial/ethnic residential segregation and mobility may impact health can guide innovative strategies for reducing youth disparities. METHODS: This natural experiment examined the association between change in residential segregation and cardiovascular health outcomes across race/ethnicity and gender for youth (n=2250, mean age 9.1 years, 54% male; 51% Hispanic, 49% non-Hispanic black (NHB); 49% high area poverty) attending a multisite park-based afterschool fitness programme in Florida, USA...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748195/does-high-intensity-endurance-training-increase-the-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation-a-longitudinal-study-of-left-atrial-structure-and-function
#10
Mildred A Opondo, Norman Aiad, Matthew A Cain, Satyam Sarma, Erin Howden, Douglas A Stoller, Jason Ng, Pieter van Rijckevorsel, Michinari Hieda, Takashi Tarumi, M Dean Palmer, Benjamin D Levine
BACKGROUND: Exercise mitigates many cardiovascular risk factors associated with atrial fibrillation. Endurance training has been associated with atrial structural changes which can increase the risk for atrial fibrillation. The dose of exercise training required for these changes is uncertain. We sought to evaluate the impact of exercise on left atrial (LA) mechanical and electrical function in healthy, sedentary, middle-aged adults. METHODS: Sixty-one adults (52±5 years) were randomized to either 10 months of high-intensity exercise training or yoga...
May 2018: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747287/-a-comparative-study-of-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-in-elder-patients-with-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#11
H Liu, M Gao, D Mei, H X Han, J T Li, J F Bai, C L Zhang, R Feng, J P Wei, Y Tian, T Wang
Objective: To measure the comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) in elder non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) patients in a cross-sectional study; to compare the differences between Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG)-performance status (PS) and CGA. Methods: CGA stratification included the following 3 instrument assessments: activity of daily living (ADL);instrumental activity of daily living (IADL);comorbidity score according to the modified cumulative illness rating score for geriatrics (MCIRS-G). According to CGA and age, NHL patients, aged ≥60 years, were classified as"fit","unfit"and"frail"groups...
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746892/taste-phenotype-associates-with-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-via-diet-quality-in-multivariate-modeling
#12
Mastaneh Sharafi, Shristi Rawal, Maria Luz Fernandez, Tania B Huedo-Medina, Valerie B Duffy
Sensations from foods and beverages drive dietary choices, which in turn, affect risk of diet-related diseases. Perception of these sensation varies with environmental and genetic influences. This observational study aimed to examine associations between chemosensory phenotype, diet and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Reportedly healthy women (n = 110, average age 45 ± 9 years) participated in laboratory-based measures of chemosensory phenotype (taste and smell function, propylthiouracil (PROP) bitterness) and CVD risk factors (waist circumference, blood pressure, serum lipids)...
May 7, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743223/practice-facilitator-strategies-for-addressing-electronic-health-record-data-challenges-for-quality-improvement-evidencenow
#13
Jennifer R Hemler, Jennifer D Hall, Raja A Cholan, Benjamin F Crabtree, Laura J Damschroder, Leif I Solberg, Sarah S Ono, Deborah J Cohen
PURPOSE: Practice facilitators ("facilitators") can play an important role in supporting primary care practices in performing quality improvement (QI), but they need complete and accurate clinical performance data from practices' electronic health records (EHR) to help them set improvement priorities, guide clinical change, and monitor progress. Here, we describe the strategies facilitators use to help practices perform QI when complete or accurate performance data are not available...
May 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743194/obesity-blood-pressure-and-retinal-vessels-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Sabrina Köchli, Katharina Endes, Denis Infanger, Lukas Zahner, Henner Hanssen
CONTEXT: Retinal vessel imaging is a noninvasive diagnostic tool used to evaluate cardiovascular risk. Childhood obesity and elevated blood pressure (BP) are associated with retinal microvascular alterations. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and meta-analyze associations between obesity, BP, and physical activity with retinal vessel diameters in children. DATA SOURCES: We conducted a literature search through the databases of PubMed, Embase, Ovid, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials...
May 9, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741441/effect-of-an-active-video-gaming-classroom-curriculum-on-health-related-fitness-school-day-step-counts-and-motivation-in-sixth-graders
#15
You Fu, Ryan D Burns
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of an active video gaming (AVG) classroom curriculum on health-related fitness, school day steps, and motivation in sixth graders. METHODS: A convenience sample of 65 sixth graders were recruited from 2 classrooms from a school located in the Western United States. One classroom served as the comparison group (n = 32) that participated in active free play, and one classroom served as the intervention group (n = 33) that participated in an AVG curriculum for 30 minutes per day, 3 days per week, for 18 weeks...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740565/effects-of-aquatic-exercise-on-health-related-physical-fitness-blood-fat-and-immune-functions-of-children-with-disabilities
#16
Ki-Hyeon Kim, Bo-Ae Lee, Deuk-Ja Oh
The purpose of this study is to verify the effects of aquatic exercise on the health-related physical fitness, blood fat, and immune functions of children with disabilities. To achieve the aforementioned purpose, the researchers studied 10 children with grade 1 or grade 2 disabilities who do not exercise regularly. The researchers used SPSS 21.0 to calculate the averages and standard deviations of the data and performed a paired t -test to verify the differences in averages before and after an exercise. The study showed significant differences in lean body weight, muscular strength, cardiovascular endurance, flexibility, and muscular endurance...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738742/body-mass-index-and-physical-fitness-in-brazilian-adolescents
#17
Vitor P Lopes, Robert M Malina, Rossana Gomez-Campos, Marco Cossio-Bolaños, Miguel de Arruda, Edilson Hobold
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the relationship between body mass index and physical fitness in a cross-sectional sample of Brazilian youth. METHODS: Participants were 3849 adolescents (2027 girls) aged 10-17 years. Weight and height were measured; body mass index was calculated. Physical fitness was evaluated with a multistage 20m shuttle run (cardiovascular endurance), standing long jump (power), and push-ups (upper body strength). Participants were grouped by sex into four age groups: 10-11, 12-13, 14-15, and 16-17 years...
May 5, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731659/meta-analysis-of-the-association-of-the-haptoglobin-genotype-with-cardiovascular-outcomes-and-the-pharmacogenomic-interactions-with-vitamin-e-supplementation
#18
Rabea Asleh, Alexandros Briasoulis, Elliot M Berinstein, Joshua B Wiener, Mohan Palla, Sudhir S Kushwaha, Andrew P Levy
Objectives: The objectives of the study were to compile and summarize the data from all of the clinical trials designed to examine the association between haptoglobin (Hp) genotype and incidence of cardiovascular (CV) events in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and to assess the impact of vitamin E treatment on CV outcomes according to the Hp genotype. Background: The Hp genotype could serve as a predictive biomarker to DM patients who may benefit from vitamin E therapy...
2018: Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730646/novel-phospholipid-signature-of-depressive-symptoms-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#19
Parco Chan, Ivonne Suridjan, Dana Mohammad, Nathan Herrmann, Graham Mazereeuw, Lyn M Hillyer, David W L Ma, Paul I Oh, Krista L Lanctôt
BACKGROUND: Depression in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity. Given the proinflammatory actions of phospholipids, aberrant phospholipid metabolism may be an etiological mechanism linking CAD and depression. Our primary objective was to identify a phospholipid biomarker panel that characterizes CAD patients with significant depressive symptoms from those without. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a targeted lipidomic analysis on CAD patients with significant depressive symptoms (n=37, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression score ≥16) and those without (n=49)...
May 5, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729132/we-run-this-city-impact-of-a-community-school-fitness-program-on-obesity-health-and-fitness
#20
Elaine A Borawski, Sarah Drewes Jones, Laura Danosky Yoder, Tara Taylor, Barbara A Clint, Meredith A Goodwin, Erika S Trapl
INTRODUCTION: The We Run This City (WRTC) Youth Marathon Program is a community-supported, school-based fitness program designed to increase physical activity in a large, urban school district by engaging middle school youth to train 12 to 14 weeks to run or walk 1.2 miles, 6.2 miles, or 13.1 miles of the Rite Aid Cleveland Marathon. The objective of our study was to evaluate the effect of the intervention on adolescent health. METHODS: We assessed changes in obesity, health, and fitness, measured before training and postintervention, among 1,419 sixth- to eighth-grade students participating in WRTC for the first time, with particular interest in the program's effect on overweight (85th-94th body mass index percentile) or obese (≥95th percentile) students...
May 3, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
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