keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cardiovascular fitness

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633297/sauna-bathing-and-incident-hypertension-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Francesco Zaccardi, Tanjaniina Laukkanen, Peter Willeit, Setor K Kunutsor, Jussi Kauhanen, Jari A Laukkanen
BACKGROUND: Sauna bathing is associated with reduced cardiovascular risk, but the mechanisms underlying this beneficial effect are not entirely understood. We aimed to assess the relationship between sauna bathing and risk of incident hypertension. METHODS: Frequency of sauna bathing was ascertained using questionnaires in the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease Study, a prospective cohort study conducted in Eastern Finland that comprised a population-based sample of 1,621 men aged 42 to 60 years without hypertension at baseline...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632654/an-overview-of-cardiac-computed-tomography-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#2
Pal Suranyi, Akos Varga-Szemes, Anthony M Hlavacek
Familiarity with congenital heart disease (CHD) and its manifestations in adults is becoming increasingly important for the practicing cardiothoracic imager. The use of computed tomographic angiography is becoming commonplace not only in adults with a history and subsequent interventions for CHD as a child but also in de novo detection of-typically-milder, survivable forms of CHD, which are clinically suspected because of declining cardiac performance, cardiac events, or murmurs. Occasionally, adult CHD (ACHD) is found incidentally on scans performed for other indications (eg, trauma or neoplasm staging) because of improvements in computed tomographic technology and advanced visualization...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631762/-safety-and-tolerability-of-oral-hypoglycemic-therapies-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-at-high-cardiovascular-risk
#3
Giuseppe Ambrosio, Gaetano M De Ferrari, Massimo Federici, Pasquale Perrone Filardi
Oral hypoglycemic drugs for type 2 diabetes aim at preventing the metabolic effects of hyperglycemia and cardiovascular (CV) events. The evidence of the possible CV risk related to the prescription of some antidiabetic drugs prompted regulatory agencies to require safety studies. This review provides an updated analysis of CV safety profiles for antidiabetic drugs used for the treatment of patients with high CV risk.The most recent studies analyze different aspects of CV morbidity, such as ischemic events, heart failure and arrhythmia, and their interactions with hyperglycemia...
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624677/cardiorespiratory-benefits-of-group-exercise-among-adults-with-serious-mental-illness
#4
Gerald J Jerome, Deborah Rohm Young, Arlene T Dalcin, Nae-Yuh Wang, Joseph Gennusa, Stacy Goldsholl, Lawrence J Appel, Gail L Daumit
This study examined cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) among adults with serious mental illness (SMI) participating in group exercise classes. Overweight and obese adults with SMI were randomized to either a control condition or a weight management condition with group exercise classes (n = 222). Submaximal bicycle ergometry was used to assess CRF at baseline, 6 and 18 months. Those with ≥ 66% participation in the exercise classes had a lower heart rate response at 6 and 18 month follow-up. Participation in group exercise classes was associated with improved short and long term cardiovascular fitness among adults with SMI...
June 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623160/basic-concepts-in-molecular-biology-related-to-genetics-and-epigenetics
#5
Dolores Corella, Jose M Ordovas
The observation that "one size does not fit all" for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease, among other diseases, has driven the concept of precision medicine. The goal of precision medicine is to provide the best-targeted interventions tailored to an individual's genome. The human genome is composed of billions of sequence arrangements containing a code that controls how genes are expressed. This code depends on other nonstatic regulators that surround the DNA and constitute the epigenome...
June 13, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622568/per-protocol-investigation-of-a-best-practice-exercise-referral-scheme
#6
L Stewart, E Dolan, P Carver, P A Swinton
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of an exercise referral scheme (ERS) aligned to the UK best practice guidelines on a range of outcomes including those associated with key health concerns of the Scottish population. STUDY DESIGN: A longitudinal design with data collection at three time points (baseline, midway and post) during a 12-week ERS intervention was employed. METHODS: Health-related physical fitness was assessed through measurement of resting heart rate, blood pressure, FEV1:FEV6 (ratio of forced expiratory volume over one [FEV1] and six [FEV6] seconds), body mass and peak oxygen uptake (VO2 peak), whilst functional capacity was assessed through the five times sit to stand test...
June 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617909/development-of-a-flow-evolution-network-model-for-the-stress-strain-behavior-of-poly-l-lactide
#7
Maureen L Dreher, Srinidhi Nagaraja, Jorgen Bergstrom, Danika Hayman
Computational modeling is critical to medical device development and has grown in its utility for predicting device performance. Additionally, there is an increasing trend to use absorbable polymers for the manufacturing of medical devices. However, computational modeling of absorbable devices is hampered by a lack of appropriate constitutive models that capture their viscoelasticity and post-yield behavior. The objective of this study was to develop a constitutive model that incorporated viscoplasticity for a common medical absorbable polymer...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612635/wearable-sensors-can-they-benefit-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#8
Fokko Pieter Wieringa, Natascha Broers, J P Kooman, Frank M van der Sande, Chris van Hoof
Introduction This article ponders upon wearable medical measurement devices in relation to Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and its' associated comorbidities - and whether these might benefit CKD-patients. We aimed to map the intersection(s) of nephrology and wearable sensor technology to help technologists understand medical aspects, and clinicians to understand technological possibilities that are available (or soon will become so). Areas covered A structured literature search on main comorbidities and complications CKD patients suffer from, was used to steer mini-reviews on wearable sensor technologies clustered around 3 themes being: Cardiovascular-related, diabetes-related and physical fitness/frailty...
June 14, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606473/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-exercise-training-in-african-americans
#9
REVIEW
Damon L Swift, Neil M Johannsen, Conrad P Earnest, Robert L Newton, Joshua E McGee, Timothy S Church
African Americans (AAs) have a higher risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) compared to their Caucasian American ( CA) counterparts, which represents a major health disparity. Low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is a well-established independent risk factor for all-cause and CVD mortality, which has been shown across many epidemiological and clinical trials to be lower in AAs compared to CAs. While much attention has been given to traditional health disparity risk factors (e.g. blood pressure, obesity, insulin resistance), the impact of racial differences in CRF on CVD mortality has not been widely considered...
June 10, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600156/resting-heart-rate-percentiles-and-associated-factors-in-children-and-adolescents
#10
Giselle Sarganas, Angelika Schaffrath Rosario, Hannelore K Neuhauser
OBJECTIVES: To present population-based resting heart rate (RHR) percentiles and associated factors in children and adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: Standardized RHR measurements with an oscillometric device were obtained from 3- to 17-year-olds who participated in the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (n = 11 986). Age- and sex-specific RHR percentiles were derived using flexible age-dependent modeling. Linear regression was used to test associations of RHR and associated factors...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599381/exercise-intervention-on-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-a-university-population-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#11
Sarah Dalibalta, Fatemeh Mirshafiei, Gareth Davison
Objective 1) To assess the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in a university population, and 2) to investigate the effects of an 8-week exercise intervention on CVD risk factors. Methods Forty-six students participated in this study. Baseline cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed using maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max). Total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol and triglycerides were measured. Body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip circumference ratio (WHR), blood pressure (BP) and arterial stiffness were also assessed...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598909/cardiorespiratory-reference-data-in-older-adults-the-generation-100-study
#12
Dorthe Stensvold, Silvana Bucher Sandbakk, Hallgeir Viken, Nina Zisko, Line Skarsem Reitlo, Javaid Nauman, Svein Erik Gaustad, Erlend Hassel, Marcel Moufack, Eivind Brønstad, Nils Petter Aspvik, Vegard Malmo, Sigurd Loe Steinshamn, Asbjørn Støylen, Sigmund Alfred Anderssen, Jorunn L Helbostad, Øivind Rognmo, Ulrik Wisløff
PURPOSE: Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is regarded a clinical vital sign, and accurate reference values for all age groups are essential. Little data exist on CRF and cardiorespiratory function in older adults. The aim of this study was to provide normative values for CRF and cardiorespiratory function in older adults, including people with history of cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: In total, 1537 (769 women) participants aged 70-77 underwent clinical examinations and cardiopulmonary exercise tests...
June 9, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595183/association-between-leptin-adiponectin-and-leptin-adiponectin-ratio-with-clustered-metabolic-risk-factors-in-portuguese-adolescents-the-labmed-physical-activity-study
#13
César A Agostinis-Sobrinho, Edmar Lacerda Mendes, Carla Moreira, Sandra Abreu, Luís Lopes, José Oliveira-Santos, Albertas Skurvydas, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos
INTRODUCTION: Circulating leptin and adiponectin levels have been associated with impaired vascular function, insulin resistance, and acute cardiovascular evens. This study aimed to evaluate the associations of leptin, adiponectin, and the leptin/adiponectin (L/A) ratio with a clustering of metabolic risk factors (MRF) in adolescents aged 12-18 years. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis with 529 Portuguese adolescents aged 12-18 years. Blood samples were taken to analyze total cholesterol (TC) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (HDL-c), triglycerides glucose, insulin, leptin, and adiponectin levels...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592573/protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-effect-of-dapagliflozin-metformin-and-exercise-on-glycaemic-variability-body-composition-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-prediabetes-the-pre-d-trial
#14
Kristine Færch, Hanan Amadid, Lea Bruhn Nielsen, Mathias Ried-Larsen, Kristian Karstoft, Frederik Persson, Marit Eika Jørgensen
INTRODUCTION: The primary aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of three short-term glucose-lowering interventions (exercise, metformin and dapagliflozin) on glycaemic variability in overweight or obese men and women with elevated diabetes risk (ie, prediabetes, defined as haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)39-47 mmol/mol / 5.7%-6.4%). The secondary aims are to investigate the effects of the interventions on body composition and cardiometabolic risk factors. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The Pre-D Trial is an investigator-initiated, randomised, controlled, parallel, open-label, superiority trial...
June 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588902/hypertensive-response-to-exercise-and-exercise-training-in-hypertension-odd-couple-no-more
#15
Elisa Caldarone, Paolo Severi, Mario Lombardi, Stefania D'Emidio, Andrea Mazza, Maria Grazia Bendini, Massimo Leggio
The diagnostic and prognostic implication of exaggerated blood pressure response to exercise has been controversial, with opinions ranging from a benign process to a harbinger of potential cardiovascular morbidity. Nonetheless, lowering of blood pressure and prevention of hypertension is in first instance preferable by lifestyle changes, and many studies have shown the inverse association between physical activity level and the incidence of cardiovascular diseases suggesting low aerobic fitness as a strong predictor for future cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in both healthy and cardiovascular disease patients, including those with hypertension...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588898/gender-alexithymia-and-physical-inactivity-associated-with-abdominal-obesity-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-cross-sectional-study-at-a-secondary-care-hospital-diabetes-clinic
#16
Eva O Melin, Ralph Svensson, Maria Thunander, Magnus Hillman, Hans O Thulesius, Mona Landin-Olsson
BACKGROUND: Obesity is linked to cardiovascular diseases and increasingly common in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) since the introduction of intensified insulin therapy. Our main aim was to explore associations between obesity and depression, anxiety, alexithymia and self-image measures and to control for lifestyle variables in a sample of persons with T1DM. Secondary aims were to explore associations between abdominal and general obesity and cardiovascular complications in T1DM. METHODS: Cross sectional study of 284 persons with T1DM (age 18-59 years, men 56%), consecutively recruited from one secondary care hospital diabetes clinic in Sweden...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585394/wii-based-exercise-program-to-improve-physical-fitness-motor-proficiency-and-functional-mobility-in-adults-with-down-syndrome
#17
V Silva, C Campos, A Sá, M Cavadas, J Pinto, P Simões, S Machado, E Murillo-Rodríguez, N Barbosa-Rocha
BACKGROUND: People with Down syndrome (DS) usually display reduced physical fitness (aerobic capacity, muscle strength and abnormal body composition), motor proficiency impairments (balance and postural control) and physical functional limitations. Exergames can be an appealing alternative to enhance exercise engagement and compliance, whilst improving physical fitness and motor function. This study aims to analyse the effects of a Wii-based exercise program on physical fitness, functional mobility and motor proficiency of adults with DS...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585183/precision-medicine-for-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-an-overview
#18
Sanjiv J Shah
There are few proven therapies for heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). The lack of therapies, along with increased recognition of the disorder and its underlying pathophysiology, has led to the acknowledgement that HFpEF is heterogeneous and is not likely to respond to a one-size-fits-all approach. Thus, HFpEF is a prime candidate to benefit from a precision medicine approach. For this reason, we have assembled a compendium of papers on the topic of precision medicine in HFpEF in the Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579760/understanding-deprescribing-of-preventive-cardiovascular-medication-a-q-methodology-study-in-patients
#19
Clare H Luymes, Nelleke J Boelhouwer, Rosalinde Ke Poortvliet, Wouter de Ruijter, Ria Reis, Mattijs E Numans
BACKGROUND: Patients with low cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk potentially use preventive cardiovascular medication unnecessarily. Our aim was to identify various viewpoints and beliefs concerning the preventive CVD management of patients with low CVD risk using preventive cardiovascular medication. Furthermore, we investigated whether certain viewpoints were related to a preference for deprescription or the continuation of preventive cardiovascular medication. METHODS: In 2015, we purposively sampled patients from the intervention arm of the Evaluating Cessation of STatins and Antihypertensive Treatment In primary Care (ECSTATIC) trial in the Netherlands for this study...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578612/the-effect-of-progressive-resistance-training-on-aerobic-fitness-and-strength-in-adults-with-coronary-heart-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#20
Matthew Hollings, Yorgi Mavros, Jonathan Freeston, Maria Fiatarone Singh
Design We aimed to evaluate the effect of progressive resistance training on cardiorespiratory fitness and muscular strength in coronary heart disease, when compared to control or aerobic training, and when combined with aerobic training. Secondary aims were to evaluate the safety and efficacy of progressive resistance training on other physiological and clinical outcomes. Methods and results Electronic databases were searched from inception until July 2016. Designs included progressive resistance training vs control, progressive resistance training vs aerobic training, and combined training vs aerobic training...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
keyword
keyword
11296
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"