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Andrew C Naglich, Leigh Anne Nelson, Robijn Hornstra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
Fernanda F Peres, Raquel Levin, Mayra A Suiama, Mariana C Diana, Douglas A Gouvêa, Valéria Almeida, Camila M Santos, Lisandro Lungato, Antônio W Zuardi, Jaime E C Hallak, José A Crippa, D'Almeida Vânia, Regina H Silva, Vanessa C Abílio
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychotomimetic compound from Cannabis sativa that presents antipsychotic, anxiolytic, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective effects. In Parkinson's disease patients, CBD is able to attenuate the psychotic symptoms induced by L-DOPA and to improve quality of life. Repeated administration of reserpine in rodents induces motor impairments that are accompanied by cognitive deficits, and has been applied to model both tardive dyskinesia and Parkinson's disease. The present study investigated whether CBD administration would attenuate reserpine-induced motor and cognitive impairments in rats...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Navneet Kaur, Puneet Kumar, Sumit Jamwal, Rahul Deshmukh, Vinod Gauttam
BACKGROUND: Tetrabenazine (TBZ) is the only US Food and Drug Administration-approved drug for the treatment of chorea related to Huntington's disease and other hyperkinetic disorders. TBZ was first synthesized in 1950, and was then used for the treatment of psychosis. But later its potential in treating hyperkinetic disorders was proved by its ability to block vesicular monoamine transporters 2 and deplete monoamine stores. There is still lack of awareness about the therapeutic potential of this drug...
September 2016: Annals of Neurosciences
Konstantinos Stamatiou, Hippocrates Moschouris
Self-insertion of foreign bodies in the urethra is most commonly associated with sexual or erotic arousal of adolescents with mental health disorders. Rarely it may practiced by healthy adults for masturbation. Migration of foreign bodies used for the abovementioned purpose from the urethra to adjacent organs is a relatively uncommon urologic problem that may cause serious complications which arose tardive. Presentation includes a variety of acute or chronic symptoms that depend of the underlying complications...
October 5, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Thi Thu Ha Nguyen, Antoine Pariente, Jean-Louis Montastruc, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Vanessa Rousseau, Olivier Rascol, Bernard Bégaud, François Montastruc
AIMS: Pharmacovigilance databases are usually used to detect new potential signals relevant for drug safety. They are seldom used for explanatory purposes, e.g. to understand the mechanisms of adverse drug reactions (ADRs). The aim of the present study was to combine pharmacovigilance and pharmacodynamic data to investigate the association between D2, 5HT2A, and M1 receptor occupancy and the risks of antipsychotic (AP)-induced movement disorders. METHODS: First, we performed a case non-case analysis using spontaneous reports from the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Individual Case Safety Report (ICSR) database, VigiBase®...
September 30, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Tanuja Bordia, Danhui Zhang, Xiomara A Perez, Maryka Quik
Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a drug-induced movement disorder that arises with antipsychotics. These drugs are the mainstay of treatment for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, and are also prescribed for major depression, autism, attention deficit hyperactivity, obsessive compulsive and post-traumatic stress disorder. There is thus a need for therapies to reduce TD. The present studies and our previous work show that nicotine administration decreases haloperidol-induced vacuous chewing movements (VCMs) in rodent TD models, suggesting a role for the nicotinic cholinergic system...
September 19, 2016: Experimental Neurology
Jaime M Hatcher-Martin, Karen A Armstrong, Laura M Scorr, Stewart A Factor
OBJECTIVE: To examine the tolerability and effectiveness of propranolol in treating tardive dyskinesia (TD). BACKGROUND: TD is a disabling, often irreversible, movement disorder that results from chronic therapy with dopamine receptor blocking drugs. There are no treatments currently approved for this disorder. Propranolol, a β-adrenergic blocker, has been reported to alleviate TD in case series and reports. METHODS: Retrospective database search of the Emory movement disorder clinic for TD patients treated with propranolol...
September 6, 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
Raymond R MacNeil, Daniel J Müller
The effectiveness of antipsychotic drugs is limited due to accompanying adverse effects which can pose considerable health risks and lead to patient noncompliance. Pharmacogenetics (PGx) offers a means to identify genetic biomarkers that can predict individual susceptibility to antipsychotic-induced adverse effects (AAEs), thereby improving clinical outcomes. We reviewed the literature on the PGx of common AAEs from 2010 to 2015, placing emphasis on findings that have been independently replicated and which have additionally been listed to be of interest by PGx expert panels...
July 2016: Molecular Neuropsychiatry
Noreen Samad, Muhammad Abdul Haleem, Darakhshan Jabeen Haleem
Effect of administration of Rice bran oil (RBO) was evaluated on haloperidol elicited tardive dyskinesia in rats. Albino Wistar rats treated with haloperidol in drinking water at a dose of 0.2mg/kg/day and RBO by oral tubes at a dose of 0.4 mL/day for 5 weeks. Motor coordination, VCMs and 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino) tetraline)[8-OH-DPAT] _syndrome were monitored. Striatal serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindolacetic acid (5-HIAA) levels were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC-EC)...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
W Wolfgang Fleischhacker, Alex Hofer, Christian Jagsch, Walter Pirker, Georg Psota, Hans Rittmannsberger, Klaus Seppi
Tardive dyskinesia (TD) remains a relevant clinical problem despite the increasing use of new-generation antipsychotics. Antipsychotic-induced tardive syndromes are difficult to treat and have a low tendency of remission. Therefore, prophylaxis is of utmost importance, with the responsible use of antipsychotics as a prime desideratum. With respect to managing tardive dyskinesia, discontinuing the antipsychotic, if possible, albeit not backed up by unequivocal evidence, is still the main recommendation. If this is not possible, the switch to an antipsychotic with a lower TD risk is the next-preferred option...
September 2016: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
Joshua Lister, Ana C Andreazza, Bushra Navaid, Virginia S Wilson, Celine Teo, Yasika Nesarajah, Alan A Wilson, José N Nobrega, Paul J Fletcher, Gary Remington
Tardive dyskinesia (TD), a potentially irreversible antipsychotic (AP)-related movement disorder, is a risk with all currently available antipsychotics. AP-induced vacuous chewing movements (VCMs) in rats, a preclinical model of TD, can be attenuated by antioxidant-based treatments although there is a shortage of well-designed studies. Lipoic acid (LA) represents a candidate antioxidant for the treatment of oxidative stress-related nervous system disorders; accordingly, its effects on AP-induced VCMs and striatal oxidative stress were examined...
January 4, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Erum Shireen
Antipsychotic drugs are extensively prescribed for the treatment of schizophrenia and other related psychiatric disorders. These drugs produced their action by blocking dopamine (DA) receptors, and these receptors are widely present throughout the brain. Therefore, extended antipsychotic use also leads to severe extrapyramidal side effects. The short-term effects include parkinsonism and the later appearing tardive dyskinesia. Currently available treatments for these disorders are mostly symptomatic and insufficient, and are often linked with a number of detrimental side effects...
2016: Journal of Experimental Pharmacology
D Maltête
Stereotypies have been defined as non-goal-directed movement patterns repeated continuously for a period of time in the same form and on multiple occasions, and which are typically distractible. Stereotypical motor behaviors are a common clinical feature of a variety of neurological conditions that affect cortical and subcortical functions, including autism, tardive dyskinesia, excessive dopaminergic treatment of Parkinson's disease and frontotemporal dementia. The main differential diagnosis of stereotypies includes tic disorders, motor mannerisms, compulsion and habit...
August 2016: Revue Neurologique
Rachel K Lanning, Clement C Zai, Daniel J Müller
Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a serious and potentially irreversible side effect of long-term exposure to antipsychotic medication characterized by involuntary trunk, limb and orofacial muscle movements. Various mechanisms have been proposed for the etiopathophysiology of antipsychotic-induced TD in schizophrenia patients with genetic factors playing a prominent role. Earlier association studies have focused on polymorphisms in CYP2D6, dopamine-, serotonin-, GABA- and glutamate genes. This review highlights recent advances in the genetic investigation of TD...
August 2016: Pharmacogenomics
M J Fryer
Vitamin E (alpha-and gamma-tocopherol) may slow the progression of a number of major degenerative diseases of the nervous system that appear to be significantly worsened by oxidative stress. The effects of vitamin E on excitoxicity in cultured neurones is considered, together with ataxia due to vitamin E deficiency (AVED) arising from abetalipoproteinaemia, cholestatic liver disease, cystic fibrosis, short bowel syndrome, total parenteral nutrition, diabetic peripheral neuropathy and familial isolated vitamin E (FIVE) deficiency...
1998: Nutritional Neuroscience
H Belli, M Akbudak, Z E Bal
Rabbit syndrome is an extrapyramidal side effect which is described as a variant of tardive dyskinesia. Rabbit syndrome is characterized by rapid, rhytmic orofacial movements, often accompanied by lip sounds. This movement disorder may be associated with either typical or atypical antipsychotic agents. The index case presented to our clinic with the complaints of bipolar depression. In addition to valproate, quetiapine was started with the dose of 50 mg per day, which was increased to 300 mg per day within two weeks for depression...
December 14, 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
Michał Sobstyl, Mirosław Ząbek, Zbigniew Mossakowski, Artur Zaczyński
AIM: Tardive dystonia (TD) represents a side effect of prolonged intake of neuroleptic drugs. TD can be a disabling movement disorder persisting despite available medical treatment. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been reported successful in this condition although the number of treated patients with TD is still limited to small clinical studies or case reports. In this study, we present 2 additional cases of patients after bilateral globus pallidus internus (GPi) stimulation. METHODS: The formal assessment included the Burke-Fahn-Dystonia Rating Scale (BFMDRS)...
July 2016: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
Carlos Trenado, Christian J Hartmann, Saskia Elben, K Amande M Pauls, Lena Friggemann, Stefan Jun Groiss, Lars Timmermann, Jan Vesper, Alfons Schnitzler, Lars Wojtecki
BACKGROUND: Reports about neural oscillatory activity in the globus pallidus internus (GPi) have targeted general (GD) and cervical dystonia (CD), however to our knowledge they are nonexistent for tardive dystonia (TD). METHODS: Local field potentials (LFPs) from seven CD and five TD patients were recorded intraoperatively. We compared LFP power in thetadelta, alpha and beta band during rest and sensory palmar stimulation (SPS) in patients with general anesthesia and local/analgo sedation...
July 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Swarndeep Singh, Ankit Gupta, Pooja Patnaik Kuppili, Raman Deep Pattanayak, Sudhir K Khandelwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
John Yin, Alasdair M Barr, Alfredo Ramos-Miguel, Ric M Procyshyn
Chronic prescription of antipsychotics seems to lose its therapeutic benefits in the prevention of recurring psychotic symptoms. In many instances, the occurrence of relapse from initial remission is followed by an increase in dose of the prescribed antipsychotic. The current understanding of why this occurs is still in its infancy, but a controversial idea that has regained attention recently is the notion of iatrogenic dopamine supersensitivity. Studies on cell cultures and animal models have shown that long-term antipsychotic use is linked to both an upregulation of dopamine D2-receptors in the striatum and the emergence of enhanced receptor affinity to endogenous dopamine...
June 5, 2016: Current Neuropharmacology
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