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Oncology Care Model

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527007/factors-associated-with-supportive-care-needs-in-glioma-patients-in-the-neuro-oncological-outpatient-setting
#1
Mirjam Renovanz, Marlene Hechtner, Mareile Janko, Karoline Kohlmann, Jan Coburger, Minou Nadji-Ohl, Jochem König, Florian Ringel, Susanne Singer, Anne-Katrin Hickmann
Objective of this study aimed at assessing glioma patients' supportive care needs in a neurosurgical outpatient setting and identifying factors that are associated with needs for support. In three neuro-oncological outpatient departments, glioma patients were assessed for their psychosocial needs using the Supportive Care Needs Survey short-form (SCNS-SF34-G). Associations between clinical, sociodemographic, treatment related factors as well as distress (measured with the distress thermometer) and supportive care needs were explored using multivariable general linear models...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525464/the-cardiac-rehabilitation-model-improves-fitness-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#2
Lianne B Dolan, Danielle Barry, Teresa Petrella, Lindsay Davey, Ann Minnes, Allison Yantzi, Susan Marzolini, Paul Oh
PURPOSE: Exercise is a demonstrated, therapeutic strategy for cancer survivors to minimize many treatment-induced side effects and may decrease risk of recurrence. Nonetheless, structured programs that combine exercise and education are not yet standardized within cancer care. The Health, Exercise, Active Living, Therapeutic lifestyle (HEALTh) program is a clinical exercise program based on the established cardiac rehabilitation model, but customized for female breast cancer survivors...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512173/clinical-utility-of-risk-models-to-refer-patients-with-adnexal-masses-to-specialized-oncology-care-multicenter-external-validation-using-decision-curve-analysis
#3
Laure Wynants, Dirk Timmerman, Jan Verbakel, Antonia Testa, Luca Savelli, Daniela Fischerová, Dorella Franchi, Caroline D Van Holsbeke, Elisabeth Epstein, Wouter Froyman, Stefano Guerriero, Alberto Rossi, Robert Fruscio, Francesco Leone, Tom Bourne, Lil Valentin, Ben Van Calster
To evaluate the utility of pre-operative diagnostic models for ovarian cancer based on ultrasound and/or biomarkers for referring patients to specialized oncology care. The investigated models were RMI, ROMA, and three models from the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis (IOTA) group (LR2, ADNEX, and the Simple Rules risk score, SRRisks). <p>DESIGN: A secondary analysis of prospectively collected data from two cross-sectional cohort studies performed to externally validate diagnostic models.</p> <p>PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2763 patients (2403 in dataset 1 and 360 in dataset 2) from 18 centers (11 oncology centers and 7 non-oncology hospitals) in 6 countries...
May 16, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507845/surgical-factors-associated-with-prolonged-hospitalization-after-reconstruction-for-oncological-spine-surgery
#4
Hannah M Carl, Devin Coon, Nicholas A Calotta, Rachel Pedreira, Justin M Sacks
BACKGROUND: Posterior trunk reconstruction is increasingly possible as a result of advances in spinal instrumentation, reconstructive approaches, and perioperative critical care. Extensive cases often require a muscle flap or complex closure to obliterate dead space. Postsurgical wound complications and subsequent reoperations can lead to neural injury, higher hospital costs, and longer hospitalizations. We aim to identify risk factors that are associated with increased length of stay (LOS) for patients receiving flaps to close a spinal defect...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503232/cytoreductive-nephrectomy-in-the-modern-era-predictors-of-use-morbidity-and-survival
#5
Brian J Minnillo, William Tabayoyong, John J Francis, Matthew J Maurice, Hui Zhu, Simon Kim, Robert Abouassaly
INTRODUCTION: To determine tumour, patient, and provider factors associated with cytoreductive nephrectomy (CN) use and to identify those factors that predicted short-term and long-term surgical outcomes. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review (1998-2011) of the National Cancer Database, a U.S. population-based oncology outcomes database. The review included 36 549 patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). We assessed predictors of CN use, length of stay (LOS), 30-day readmission, and 30-day mortality using multivariable logistic regression...
May 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503040/recommendations-to-support-nurses-and-improve-the-delivery-of-oncology-and-palliative-care-in-india
#6
Virginia T LeBaron, Gayatri Palat, Sudha Sinha, Sanjeeva Kumari Chinta, Beaulah John Battula Jamima, Usha Lakshmi Pilla, Nireekshana Podduturi, Yadamma Shapuram, Padma Vennela, Vineela Rapelli, Zahra Lalani, Susan L Beck
CONTEXT: Nurses in India often practice in resource-constrained settings and care for cancer patients with high symptom burden yet receive little oncology or palliative care training. AIM: The aim of this study is to explore challenges encountered by nurses in India and offer recommendations to improve the delivery of oncology and palliative care. METHODS: Qualitative ethnography. SETTING: The study was conducted at a government cancer hospital in urban South India...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493045/impact-of-treatment-regimen-on-acute-care-use-during-and-after-adjuvant-chemotherapy-for-early-stage-breast-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Kathryn J Ruddy, Holly K Van Houten, Lindsey R Sangaralingham, Rachel A Freedman, Carrie A Thompson, Shahrukh K Hashmi, Ahmedin Jemal, Tufia C Haddad, Sarah Mougalian, Jeph Herrin, Cary Gross, Nilay Shah
PURPOSE: The Oncology Care Model was developed, in part, to reduce acute care use during the 6 months after chemotherapy initiation. However, little is known about the impact of chemotherapy regimen on acute care needs, or about later acute care. We sought to assess acute care use over 2 years in patients receiving four contemporary adjuvant chemotherapy regimens for breast cancer. METHODS: Administrative claims data from a large U.S. commercial insurance database (OptumLabs Data Warehouse) were used to retrospectively identify women with early-stage breast cancer who received adjuvant doxorubicin-cyclophosphamide (AC), AC followed or preceded by docetaxel or paclitaxel (AC-T), AC concurrent with docetaxel or paclitaxel (TAC), or docetaxel-cyclophosphamide (TC) between 2008 and 2014...
May 10, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490926/challenges-and-insights-in-implementing-coordinated-care-between-oncology-and-primary-care-providers-a-canadian-perspective
#8
J R Tomasone, M Vukmirovic, M C Brouwers, E Grunfeld, R Urquhart, M A O'Brien, M Walker, F Webster, M Fitch
We report here on the current state of cancer care coordination in Canada and discuss challenges and insights with respect to the implementation of collaborative models of care. We also make recommendations for future research. This work is based on the findings of the Canadian Team to Improve Community-Based Cancer Care Along the Continuum (canimpact) casebook project. The casebook project identified models of collaborative cancer care by systematically documenting and analyzing Canadian initiatives that aim to improve or enhance care coordination between primary care providers and oncology specialists...
April 2017: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490359/cryopreservation-of-reproductive-material-before-cancer-treatment-a-qualitative-study-of-health-care-professionals-views-about-ways-to-enhance-clinical-care
#9
Karin Hammarberg, Maggie Kirkman, Catharyn Stern, Robert I McLachlan, Debra Gook, Luk Rombauts, Beverley Vollenhoven, Jane R W Fisher
BACKGROUND: Cancer treatment can diminish fertility in women and men. The need for fertility preservation is growing as increasing numbers of people survive cancer. Cryostorage of reproductive material to preserve potential for conception for cancer survivors has moved from being experimental to being a part of clinical management of women and men who are diagnosed with cancer in their reproductive years. There is little existing evidence about how fertility preservation services can be enhanced to meet the complex needs of patients who are diagnosed with cancer in their reproductive years...
May 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480828/hierarchical-models-for-sharing-information-across-populations-in-phase-i-dose-escalation-studies
#10
Kristen M Cunanan, Joseph S Koopmeiners
The primary goal of a phase I clinical trial in oncology is to evaluate the safety of a novel treatment and identify the maximum tolerated dose, defined as the maximum dose with a toxicity rate below some pre-specified threshold. Researchers are often interested in evaluating the performance of a novel treatment in multiple patient populations, which may require multiple phase I trials if the treatment is to be used with background standard-of-care that varies by population. An alternate approach is to run parallel trials but combine the data through a hierarchical model that allows for a different maximum tolerated dose in each population but shares information across populations to achieve a more accurate estimate of the maximum tolerated dose...
January 1, 2017: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472845/-utility-analysis-of-oncological-centre-building-in-the-field-of-colorectal-cancer
#11
Ines Weinhold, Tobias Keck, Axel Merseburger, Achim Rody, Barbara Wollenberg, Danny Wende, Dennis Häckl, Christian Elsner
Background In the field of colorectal cancer and other cancer entities, there is an ongoing trend to establish multidisciplinary treatment in specialised cancer centres. Little is known by now about the outcomes of this centralised and quality-driven treatment approach. In light of the increasing cost-benefit discussions, assessments of their impact seem to be necessary. This paper discusses positive effects of cancer centres with a particular focus on the multidisciplinary approach and its potential impact on survival outcomes of colorectal cancer patients...
May 4, 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470369/integration-of-oncology-and-palliative-care-setting-a-benchmark
#12
P Vayne-Bossert, E Richard, P Good, K Sullivan, J R Hardy
BACKGROUND: Integration of oncology and palliative care (PC) should be the standard model of care for patients with advanced cancer. An expert panel developed criteria that constitute integration. This study determined whether the PC service within this Health Service, which is considered to be fully "integrated", could be benchmarked against these criteria. METHODS: A survey was undertaken to determine the perceived level of integration of oncology and palliative care by all health care professionals (HCPs) within our cancer centre...
May 3, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469700/psycho-oncology-in-korea-past-present-and-future
#13
REVIEW
Hyun Jeong Lee, Kwang-Min Lee, Dooyoung Jung, Eun-Jung Shim, Bong-Jin Hahm, Jong-Heun Kim
BACKGROUND: Psycho-oncology in Korea was introduced among the circle of consultation-liaison psychiatrists, in the 1990s. For almost 25 years, the field has been developing at a steady pace as the psychosocial needs of patients with cancer continue to increase. In this study, we review the history of psycho-oncology in Korea, in a chronological order, within the domains of clinical practice, research activity, training, and public policy. MAIN BODY: Before the 1990s, patients with cancer with psychiatric comorbidities were usually taken care of by consultation-liaison psychiatrists in general hospitals...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464268/determinants-of-patient-satisfaction-with-cancer-care-delivered-by-the-danish-healthcare-system
#14
Anne Christine Stender Heerdegen, Gitte Stentebjerg Petersen, Signe Smith Jervelund
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported quality of care, which is often measured by patients' overall rating of care, is gaining more attention within the field of oncology. The aim of this study was to examine factors that determine adult cancer patients' overall rating of prediagnosis care (PDC) and care provided during treatment (CDT). METHODS: Data were collected from 2 recurrent nationwide surveys among adult cancer patients in Denmark in 2010 and 2012. Analyses regarding PDC were based on the 2010 study population (n = 3681), and CDT analyses were based on the 2012 follow-up population (n = 2315)...
May 2, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460994/erectile-dysfunction-treatment-following-radical-cystoprostatectomy-analysis-of-a-nationwide-insurance-claims-database
#15
Meera R Chappidi, Max Kates, Nikolai A Sopko, Gregory A Joice, Jeffrey J Tosoian, Phillip M Pierorazio, Trinity J Bivalacqua
INTRODUCTION: To improve care for patients after radical cystoprostatectomy (RCP), focus on survivorship issues such as sexual function needs to increase. Previous studies have demonstrated the burden of erectile dysfunction (ED) after RCP to be as high as 89%. AIM: To determine the rates of ED treatment use (phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors, injectable therapies, urethral suppositories, vacuum erection devices, and penile prosthetics) in patients with bladder cancer before and after RCP to better understand current patterns of care...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459989/impact-of-physical-activity-on-fatigue-and-quality-of-life-in-people-with-advanced-lung-cancer-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
H M Dhillon, M L Bell, H P van der Ploeg, J D Turner, M Kabourakis, L Spencer, C Lewis, R Hui, P Blinman, S J Clarke, M J Boyer, J L Vardy
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) improves fatigue and quality-of-life (QOL) in cancer survivors. Our aim was to assess whether a 2-month PA intervention improves fatigue and QOL for people with advanced lung cancer. METHODS: Participants with advanced lung cancer, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) ≤2, >6 months life expectancy, and ability to complete 6-Minute Walk Test, were stratified (disease stage, PS 0-1 vs 2, centre) and randomised (1:1) in an open-label study to usual care (UC) (nutrition and PA education materials) or experimental intervention (EX): UC plus 2-month supervised weekly PA and behaviour change sessions...
April 28, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455760/adapting-meaning-centered-psychotherapy-in-advanced-cancer-for-the-chinese-immigrant-population
#17
Jennifer Leng, Florence Lui, Angela Chen, Xiaoxiao Huang, William Breitbart, Francesca Gany
The Chinese immigrant community faces multiple barriers to quality cancer care and cancer survivorship. Meaning-centered psychotherapy (MCP) is an empirically-based treatment shown to significantly reduce psychological distress while increasing spiritual well-being and a sense of meaning and purpose in life in advanced cancer patients. However, it has not yet been adapted for racial and ethnic minority populations for whom the concept of "meaning" may likely differ from that of westernized White populations...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453749/an-independently-validated-nomogram-for-individualized-estimation-of-survival-among-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-glioblastoma-nrg-oncology-rtog-0525-and-0825
#18
Haley Gittleman, Daniel Lim, Michael W Kattan, Arnab Chakravarti, Mark R Gilbert, Andrew B Lassman, Simon S Lo, Mitchell Machtay, Andrew E Sloan, Erik P Sulman, Devin Tian, Michael A Vogelbaum, Tony J C Wang, Marta Penas-Prado, Emad Youssef, Deborah T Blumenthal, Peixin Zhang, Minesh P Mehta, Jill S Barnholtz-Sloan
Background.: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary malignant brain tumor. Nomograms are often used for individualized estimation of prognosis. This study aimed to build and independently validate a nomogram to estimate individualized survival probabilities for patients with newly diagnosed GBM, using data from 2 independent NRG Oncology Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) clinical trials. Methods.: This analysis included information on 799 (RTOG 0525) and 555 (RTOG 0825) eligible and randomized patients with newly diagnosed GBM and contained the following variables: age at diagnosis, race, gender, Karnofsky performance status (KPS), extent of resection, O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) methylation status, and survival (in months)...
May 1, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453181/understanding-predictors-of-continued-long-term-pediatric-cancer-care-across-the-region-a-report-from-the-consortium-for-new-england-childhood-cancer-survivors
#19
Jennifer J G Welch, Lisa B Kenney, Priya Hirway, G Naheed Usmani, Nina Kadan-Lottick, Satkiran S Grewal, Mary Huang, Heather Bradeen, Jeremy Ader, Lisa Diller, Cindy L Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Many survivors of childhood cancer do not receive recommended longitudinal oncology care. Factors present at the time of childhood cancer diagnosis may identify patients who are vulnerable to poor adherence to follow-up. METHODS: This cohort of survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) diagnosed from 1996 to 1999 at seven Consortium for New England Childhood Cancer Survivors institutions was evaluated for attendance at oncology clinics at 5 and 10 years from diagnosis...
April 28, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449529/do-hospitals-need-oncological-critical-care-units
#20
EDITORIAL
Abby Koch, William Checkley
Since the inception of critical care as a formal discipline in the late 1950s, we have seen rapid specialization to many types of intensive care units (ICUs) to accommodate evolving life support technologies and novel therapies in various disciplines of medicine. Indeed, the field has expanded such that specialized ICUs currently exist to address critical care problems in medicine, cardiology, neurology and neurosurgery, trauma, burns, organ transplant and cardiothoracic surgeries. Specialization does not only need new infrastructure, but also training and staffing of health care providers, ancillary staff, and development and implementation of processes of care...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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