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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659041/association-of-added-sugar-intake-and-caries-related-experiences-among-individuals-of-mexican-origin
#1
S Vega-López, N M Lindberg, G J Eckert, E L Nicholson, G Maupomé
OBJECTIVE: Determine the association between key dental outcomes and added sugar intake using a survey instrument to assess added sugars, which was specifically tailored to immigrant and US-born adults of Mexican origin. METHODS: Hispanic adults of Mexican origin (n = 326; 36.2 ± 12.1 years) completed a self-administered survey to gather acculturation, self-reported dental experiences and self-care practices (eg brushing, flossing, pain, bleeding gums), and socio-demographic information...
April 16, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645077/a-symptom-based-model-to-predict-colorectal-cancer-in-low-resource-countries-results-from-a-prospective-study-of-patients-at-high-risk-for-colorectal-cancer
#2
Olusegun Isaac Alatise, Omobolaji O Ayandipo, Ademola Adeyeye, Ken Seier, Akinwunmi O Komolafe, Matthew O Bojuwoye, Oludapo O Afuwape, Ann Zauber, Adeleye Omisore, Samuel Olatoke, Adegboyega Akere, Olusola Famurewa, Mithat Gonen, David O Irabor, T Peter Kingham
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) rates in low-resource countries, which typically lack CRC screening programs, are rising. This study determined whether a risk model for patients with rectal bleeding could identify patients with curable CRC. METHODS: This prospective, cross-sectional study evaluated a model constructed from data from 1 hospital and validated at 2 other hospitals. The primary endpoint was the ability of the model to predict CRC, as diagnosed by colonoscopy, from clinical characteristics...
April 12, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616100/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-submucous-myoma-of-the-uterus-with-interventional-ultrasound
#3
Bo Liang, Yang-Gui Xie, Xiao-Ping Xu, Chun-Hong Hu
The value of interventional ultrasound in the diagnosis and treatment of submucous myoma of the uterus was assessed to study the ultrasonographic features of modified sonohysterography for submucous polyp of uterus. A total of 25 patients diagnosed preliminarily as submucous myoma of the uterus via conventional ultrasound examination from June 2014 to December 2016 were enrolled in the study. The diagnosis was made via the comprehensive analysis of ultrasound-guided modified SHG, followed by ultrasound-guided needle biopsy and sclerotherapy of tumor...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607859/challenges-in-the-management-of-bleeding-disorders-in-nigeria
#4
H C Okoye, K I Korubo, B Nwogoh, C C Efobi, N I Ugwu, A J Madu
Background: Bleeding disorders (BDs) are characterized by abnormal bleeding for which effective management requires a combination of skill, workforce, diagnostic facilities, and adequate therapeutic options. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the capacity of Nigerian hematologists to handle BDs and to assess availability of required infrastructure, equipment, and treatment options. Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted during the 2016 scientific conference of the Nigerian Society for Hemetology and Blood Transfusion...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603221/primary-care-physicians-and-nurses-targets-for-basic-periodontal-education
#5
Pablo Varela-Centelles, Pedro Diz-Iglesias, Ana Estany-Gestal, Yaima Ulloa-Morales, Rosendo Bugarín-González, Juan M Seoane-Romero
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis may improve patients' quality of life and reduce the lifelong social and financial burden inherent to treatment. Growing evidence supports the importance of a healthy periodontium in systemic health. Diagnosis depends on the patient and the healthcare professional. As many patients seek physicians' advice in first place, this study aimed at assessing periodontal knowledge in a general population and their primary care physicians and nurses. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using an anonymous questionnaire applied to randomly selected laypersons (March-June 2016), and to physicians and nurses at their workplaces (October-December 2016) in Ourense...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575755/peri-implant-parameters-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-and-interleukin-1-beta-levels-in-vaping-individuals
#6
Khulud A Al-Aali, Mohammed Alrabiah, Aws S ArRejaie, Tariq Abduljabbar, Fahim Vohra, Zohaib Akram
BACKGROUND: To the author's knowledge, there has been no study that has assessed clinical, radiographic, and immunological peri-implant parameters among individuals vaping e-cigarette (e-cig). PURPOSE: This pilot study aimed to compare clinical and radiographic peri-implant parameters and levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin (IL)-1β levels among individuals vaping e-cigs and never smoker (NS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-seven individuals vaping e-cigs (group-1) and 45 NS (group-2) were included...
March 25, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572858/red-blood-cell-transfusion-in-perioperative-pediatric-anesthesia-a-survey-of-current-practice-in-germany
#7
Eva Wittenmeier, Claudius Troeber, Ulrike Zier, Irene Schmidtmann, Nina Pirlich, Karin Becke, Tim Piepho
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the current practice of the perioperative transfusion of red blood cells (RBCs) in pediatric patients. This study was performed to evaluate the practice of RBC transfusion in German pediatric anesthesia. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: An online survey was conducted among members of the German Society of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care. Participants were asked to indicate the hemoglobin (Hb) thresholds for starting RBC transfusion in six cases of different bleeding situations in pediatric anesthesia...
March 23, 2018: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560810/menstrual-disorders-and-premenstrual-symptoms-in-adolescents-prevalence-and-relationship-to-serum-calcium-and-vitamin-d-concentrations
#8
Afsane Bahrami, Hamidreza Bahrami-Taghanaki, Mozhgan Afkhamizadeh, Amir Avan, Zahra Mazloum Khorasani, Habibollah Esmaeili, Bahareh Amin, Samine Jazebi, Delaram Kamali, Gordon A Ferns, Hamid Reza Sadeghnia, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
There have been several studies evaluating the association between vitamin and mineral status and menstrual disturbance. In the present study, we aimed to assess the relationship between the menstrual bleeding pattern and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, and calcium levels in adolescent girls. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 897 high school girls from northeastern Iran. The prevalence of hypocalcaemia, normal serum calcium and hypercalcaemia was 27.1, 59.8 and 13...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560743/bleeding-patterns-for-the-liletta-%C3%A2-levonorgestrel-52-mg-intrauterine-system
#9
Courtney A Schreiber, Stephanie B Teal, Paul D Blumenthal, Lisa M Keder, Andrea I Olariu, Mitchell D Creinin
PURPOSE: Evaluate bleeding patterns for the Liletta® levonorgestrel 52 mg intrauterine system (IUS) using the World Health Organization Belsey definitions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective multicenter trial evaluates the efficacy and safety of Liletta® (Clinicaltrials.gov NCT00995150). We evaluated bleeding patterns for 1700 nulliparous and multiparous women using a daily diary completed by participants for the first 2 years and by questionnaire every 3 months thereafter...
March 21, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550626/menstrual-characteristics-and-related-problems-in-9-18-year-old-turkish-school-girls
#10
Gül Yücel, Mustafa Kendirci, Ülkü Gül
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the cross-sectional characteristics of menstruating girls, dysmenorrhea and the frequencies of related problems. DESIGN: Descripitive, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Randomly selected primary, junior and high schools in the city center of Kayseri. PARTICIPANTS: 2000 female adolescents of ages between 9 and 18 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: We used a questionnaire addressing the epidemiological characteristics of menstruation, such as age at menarche, duration of menstrual intervals, average days of bleeding, and any menstrual problems and their frequencies...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546919/-heavy-menstrual-bleeding-affects-quality-of-life-in-adolescents
#11
Romina Torres, Claudia Zajer, Marcela Menéndez, María José Canessa, Jaime Cerda, María Angélica Wietstruck, Pamela Zúñiga
INTRODUCTION: Heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) occurs in 37% of adolescents and compromise their quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To measure the magnitude of the impact of the SME on the quality of life in adolescents. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We interviewed adolescents diagnosed with HMB between 10 and 18 years old and one of their guardians. PedsQL 4.0 generic core scale was applied to measure quality of life, its Proxy PedsQL 4.0 version was applied to the guardian and 3 more questions to adolescents about limitation of daily activities...
December 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542828/rationale-design-and-preliminary-results-of-the-quebec-warfarin-cohort-study
#12
Sylvie Perreault, Payman Shahabi, Robert Côté, Stéphanie Dumas, Étienne Rouleau-Mailloux, Yassamin Feroz Zada, Sylvie Provost, Ian Mongrain, Marc Dorais, Thao Huynh, Simon Kouz, Ariel Diaz, Mark Blostein, Simon de Denus, Jacques Turgeon, Jeffrey Ginsberg, Jacques Lelorier, Lyne Lalonde, Lambert Busque, Jeannine Kassis, Mario Talajic, Jean-Claude Tardif, Marie-Pierre Dubé
BACKGROUND: Over- and under-coagulation with warfarin is associated with hemorrhagic and thromboembolic events, respectively. Genetic and clinical factors affect warfarin response, and the causes of this variability remain unclear. We present descriptive statistics and test for predictors of poor anticoagulation control. METHODS: The Quebec Warfarin Cohort (QWC) comprises 1,059 new warfarin users, with prospective follow up using telephone questionnaires every 3 months for one year, and using healthcare administrative databases (RAMQ and Med-Echo) for 5-year prior to cohort entry and up to 10-years following active patient participation...
March 15, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540168/associations-of-multidimensional-health-literacy-with-reported-oral-health-promoting-behaviour-among-slovak-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Eva Cepova, Martina Cicvakova, Peter Kolarcik, Neda Markovska, Andrea Madarasova Geckova
BACKGROUND: Modification of health literacy (HL) is an important factor for improving and maintaining oral health. The aim of the study is to examine the association of HL with oral health-promoting behaviour (OHPB) and assess possible mediating effects of HL on the impact of socioeconomic status on OHPB. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey on the Slovak general adult population (N = 360, mean age 39) was conducted in 2014 and 2015. The association of HL (9 domains of the Health Literacy Questionnaire) and OHPB was analysed using logistic regression models adjusted for gender, age and educational level...
March 14, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520801/peri-implant-soft-tissue-inflammatory-parameters-and-crestal-bone-loss-among-waterpipe-narghile-smokers-and-never-smokers-with-and-without-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Zeyad H Al-Sowygh, Abdulaziz A Al-Kheraif, Zohaib Akram, Fahim Vohra, Fawad Javed
BACKGROUND: Peri-implant soft tissue inflammatory parameters and crestal bone loss (CBL) among waterpipe smokers (WS) with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remains uninvestigated. The aim of the present study was to assess peri-implant soft tissue inflammatory parameters and CBL among WS and never smokers (NS) with and without T2DM. METHODS: Demographic data and information regarding duration of implants in function, daily frequency of smoking, duration and treatment of T2DM and daily tooth brushing was collected using a questionnaire...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520791/self-perceived-oral-symptoms-and-periodontal-status-among-young-intravenous-heroin-addicts-a-cross-sectional-case-control-study
#15
Abid Mehmood, Tariq Abduljabbar, Nawwaf Al-Hamoudi, Elham Gholamiazizi, Sergio Varela Kellesarian, Fahim Vohra, Fawad Javed
BACKGROUND: It is hypothesized that (a) self-perceived oral symptoms (OSs) are worse in intravenous heroin addicts (IHA) than controls; and (b) clinical periodontal inflammatory parameters (plaque index [PI], bleeding on probing [BOP], PD and clinical attachment loss [AL]), number of missing teeth (MT) and radiographic marginal bone loss (MBL) are higher in IHA compared with controls. The aim was to compare the self-perceived OSs and periodontal parameters among young IHA and controls...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520455/a-novel-summary-report-of-colonoscopy-timeline-visualization-providing-meaningful-colonoscopy-video-information
#16
Minwoo Cho, Jee Hyun Kim, Hyoun Joong Kong, Kyoung Sup Hong, Sungwan Kim
PURPOSE: The colonoscopy adenoma detection rate depends largely on physician experience and skill, and overlooked colorectal adenomas could develop into cancer. This study assessed a system that detects polyps and summarizes meaningful information from colonoscopy videos. METHODS: One hundred thirteen consecutive patients had colonoscopy videos prospectively recorded at the Seoul National University Hospital. Informative video frames were extracted using a MATLAB support vector machine (SVM) model and classified as bleeding, polypectomy, tool, residue, thin wrinkle, folded wrinkle, or common...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514537/are-symptoms-after-a-colorectal-segmental-resection-in-deep-endometriosis-really-improved-the-point-of-view-of-women-before-and-after-surgery
#17
Elisabetta Garavaglia, Annalisa Inversetti, Stefano Ferrari, Paola De Nardi, Massimo Candiani
INTRODUCTION: Bowel endometriosis can cause debilitating symptoms. Surgical colorectal resection is often required for symptomatic relief. Aim of our study was to evaluate quality of life over a one-year follow-up period in patients submitted to a colorectal resection for the treatment of deep endometriosis. Change in intestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms, and reproductive outcome were also evaluated. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted on a cohort of 20 women affected by intestinal endometriosis and submitted to a laparoscopic colorectal resection...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514385/analysis-of-presurgical-uterine-artery-embolization-puae-for-very-large-uterus-myomatosus-patient-s-desire-to-preserve-the-uterus-case-series-and-literature-review
#18
Dirk Schnapauff, Manon Russ, Thomas Kröncke, Matthias David
PURPOSE:  Purpose of this paper to present results of a group of 21 consecutive patients who underwent uterine artery embolization (UAE) immediately before myomectomy. Surgical myomectomy can lead to a substantial blood loss in case of large or multiple tumors due to the hypervascularization of the tumors. This may lead to multiple blood transfusion or hysterectomy. In cases were the preservation of the uterus is demanded, pre-operative embolization could reduce the risk of substantial bleeding...
March 7, 2018: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512625/clinical-practices-of-the-management-of-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation-and-outcome-of-treatment-a-representative-prospective-survey-in-tertiary-healthcare-centers-across-turkey
#19
Bülent Özin, Kudret Aytemir, Özgür Aslan, Türkay Özcan, Mehmet Kanadaşı, Mesut Demir, Mustafa Gökçe, Mehmet Murat Sucu, Murat Özdemir, Zerrin Yiğit, Mustafa Ferzeyn Yavuzkır, Ali Oto
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to define clinical practice patterns for assessing stroke and bleeding risks and thromboprophylaxis in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) and to evaluate treatment outcomes and patient quality of life. METHODS: A clinical surveillance study was conducted in 10 tertiary healthcare centers across Turkey. Therapeutic approaches and persistence with initial treatment were recorded at baseline, the 6th month, and the 12th month in NVAF patients...
March 2018: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498783/patient-reported-outcomes-and-joint-status-across-subgroups-of-us-adults-with-hemophilia-with-varying-characteristics-results-from-the-pain-functional-impairment-and-quality-of-life-p-fiq-study
#20
Katharine Batt, Lisa Boggio, Anne Neff, Tyler W Buckner, Michael Wang, Doris Quon, Michelle Witkop, Michael Recht, Craig Kessler, Neeraj N Iyer, David L Cooper
INTRODUCTION: Pain and functional impairment associated with joint disease are major problems for people with hemophilia, and impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) may vary across groups defined by demographic and treatment-related characteristics. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate differences in overall HRQoL, pain, function, and joint status between P-FiQ study subgroups. METHODS: Adult males with hemophilia and a history of joint pain/bleeding completed a pain history and the patient-reported outcome instruments EQ-5D-5L, Brief Pain Inventory v2 Short Form (BPI), International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), and Hemophilia Activities List (HAL); optionally, joint status was assessed (Hemophilia Joint Health Score v2...
April 2018: European Journal of Haematology
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