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Anastomotic leaks

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921277/surgery-for-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-mesenteric-ischemia-a-case-report
#1
Shinji Abe, Tomoji Yamakawa, Hideaki Kawashima, Makoto Yoshida, Setsuji Takanashi, Motoya Kashiyama, Masahiro Ishigooka, Yasushige Shingu, Yoshiro Matsui
BACKGROUND: Chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI) is a rare disease; however, symptomatic CMI has a risk of acute exacerbation without timely revascularization. CASE PRESENTATION: A 54-year-old man who had had postprandial pain for 6 months was admitted to our hospital because of vomiting and diarrhea. Although the celiac and superior mesenteric arteries were occluded at the proximal portion, contrast enhancement of the bowel wall was good in contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT)...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919575/a-prospective-algorithm-to-reduce-anastomotic-leaks-after-rectosigmoid-resection-for-gynecologic-malignancies
#2
E Kalogera, C C Nitschmann, S C Dowdy, W A Cliby, C L Langstraat
OBJECTIVE: Determine whether a standardized protocol for temporary bowel diversion after rectosigmoid resection (RSR) for cytoreduction can reduce the rate of anastomotic leak (AL). METHODS: A prospective quality improvement project for patients undergoing RSR during debulking surgery from 07/2013 to 01/2016 was conducted. Patients with any of the following underwent temporary diversion: preoperative albumin ≤3.0g/dL, prior pelvic radiation, RSR plus additional large bowel resection (LBR), anastomosis (AS) ≤6cm from the anal verge, failed leak test or contamination of the pelvis with stool...
December 2, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918375/treatments-and-other-prognostic-factors-in-the-management-of-the-open-abdomen-a-systematic-review
#3
Adam T Cristaudo, Scott B Jennings, Kerry Hitos, Ronny Gunnarsson, Alan DeCosta
BACKGROUND: The open abdomen (OA) is an important approach for managing intra-abdominal catastrophes and continues to be the standard of care. Despite this, challenges remain with it associated with a high incidence of complications and poor outcomes. The objective of this article is to perform a systematic review in accordance with PRISMA guidelines to identify prognostic factors in OA patients in regards to definitive fascial closure (DFC), mortality and intra-abdominal complications...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916444/influence-of-weight-at-enterostomy-reversal-on-surgical-outcomes-in-infants-after-emergent-neonatal-stoma-creation
#4
Lindsay J Talbot, Robert D Sinyard, Kristy L Rialon, Brian R Englum, Elizabeth T Tracy, Henry E Rice, Obinna O Adibe
PURPOSE: Neonates after emergent enterostomy creation frequently require reversal at low weight because of complications including cholestasis, dehydration, dumping, failure to thrive, and failure to achieve enteral independence. We investigated whether stoma reversal at low weight (< 2.5kg) is associated with poor surgical outcomes. METHODS: Patients who underwent enterostomy reversal from 2005 to 2013 at less than 6months old were identified in our institutional database...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916194/standard-outcome-indicators-after-colon-cancer-resection-creation-of-a-nomogram-for-autoevaluation
#5
Jorge Sancho-Muriel, Matteo Frasson, David Hervás, Blas Flor-Lorente, José Luis Ramos Rodriguez, Manuel Romero Simó, Jordi Escoll Rufino, Marta Santamaría Olabarrieta, José Viñas Martinez, Manolo López Bañeres, Eduardo García-Granero
INTRODUCTION: Lately there has been an increasing interest in identifying quality standards in different pathologies, among them colon cancer due to its great prevalence. The main goal of this study is to define the quality standards of colon cancer surgery based on a large prospective national study dataset. METHODS: Data from the prospective national study ANACO were used. This study included a consecutive series of patients operated on for colon cancer in 52 Spanish hospitals (2011-2012)...
December 1, 2016: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916080/-clinical-effect-of-preservation-of-the-left-colonic-artery-in-laparoscopic-anterior-resection-for-rectal-cancer
#6
J W Niu, W Ning, W Y Wang, D P Pei, F Q Meng, Z Z Liu, D G Cai
Objective: To evaluate the value and feasibility of preservation of the left colonic artery (LCA) in laparoscopic anterior resection for rectal cancer. Methods: The clinical data of 97 patiens who received laparoscopic anterior resection of rectal cancer from 2009.3 to 2015.3 were randomly divided into two groups, including 52 cases with preservation of LCA and 45 cases without preservation of LCA. The operation time, quantity of bleeding, number of lymph nodes removed around the root of inferior mesenteric artery (IMA), the rate of lymph node metastasis around the root of IMA, the incidence of transverse colostomy and anastomotic leak were compared between the two groups...
November 29, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914748/quality-improvement-initiative-to-increase-consistent-use-of-intraluminal-contrast-in-the-identification-of-anastomotic-bowel-leaks-on-computed-tomography-using-the-plan-do-study-act-service-approach
#7
Karim Samji, Ania Kielar, Michael Connolly, Etienne Hache, Geoffrey Doherty, Najla Fasih
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2016: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911065/-gastric-tube-esophagoplasty-using-the-retroesternal-route-in-children
#8
L García Martínez, J A Molino Gahete, S Redecillas Ferreiro, E Bordón Cabrera, J Bueno Recio, G Guillén Burrieza, C Giné Prades, A Lara Valtueña, J Lloret Roca
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal replacement is a surgical alternative once native esophagus can't be preserved. Different organs and routes for the replacement have been described, being the retroesternal route the least used. The aim is to present our results using gastric tube esophagoplasty with a retroesternal approach. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective and descriptive study of 11 patients operated from 2000 to 2015. Median age at surgery was 2.2 years (5 months-9 years) and median weight was 11...
January 25, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899040/clinical-role-of-fluorescence-imaging-in-colorectal-surgery-a-review
#9
Ido Mizrahi, Steven D Wexner
Introduction Anastomotic leak (AL) after colorectal surgery is a devastating complication; decreased blood perfusion is an important risk factor. Surgeons rely on subjective measures to assess bowel perfusion. Fluorescence imaging (FI) with indocyanine green (ICG) provides a real-time objective assessment of intestinal perfusion. Areas Covered A Pubmed search using the terms 'fluorescence imaging', 'indocyanine green', 'colon and rectal surgery' was undertaken. Sixteen articles between 2010 to present were identified...
November 30, 2016: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898350/cronkhite-canada-syndrome-complicated-by-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-report
#10
Neha L Nemade, Urvi B Shukla, Gajanan D Wagholikar
INTRODUCTION: Cronkhite Canada Syndrome (CCS) is a rare syndrome, described in 1955 by Americans, Leonard Wolsey Cronkhite and Wilma Jeanne Canada in the New England Journal of Medicine [1]. About 450 cases have been reported. Complications, like malignant transformation, unprovoked thromboembolism is known. Since there is wide variability in medical presentation, no definitive diagnostic and treatment protocol s have been set. The mortality remains at 55%. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 50 year old male patient presenting with diarrhea, weight loss, abdominal pain, ectodermal features...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896654/bowel-preparation-is-associated-with-reduced-morbidity-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-elective-colectomy
#11
Scott C Dolejs, Michael J Guzman, Alyssa D Fajardo, Bruce W Robb, Bryan K Holcomb, Ben L Zarzaur, Joshua A Waters
BACKGROUND: Bowel preparation in elderly patients is associated with physiologic derangements that may result in postoperative complications. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of bowel preparation on postoperative outcomes in elderly patients. METHODS: Patients age 75 years and older who underwent elective colectomy were identified from the 2012-2014 American College of National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP database). Patients were grouped into no bowel preparation, mechanical bowel preparation (MBP), oral antibiotic preparation (OABP), or combined MBP + OABP...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896159/intestinal-atresia-experience-at-a-busy-center-of-north-west-india
#12
Shilpi Gupta, Rahul Gupta, Soumyodhriti Ghosh, Arun Kumar Gupta, Arvind Shukla, Vinita Chaturvedi, Praveen Mathur
Objective: To evaluate the presentation, management, complications and outcome of intestinal atresia (IA) managed at our center over a period of 1 year. Materials and methods: Records of patients of IA admitted in our center from January 2015 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Demographic data, antenatal history, presenting complaints, location (duodenal, jejunoileal, colonic) of atresia, surgery performed and peri-operative complications were noted. Results: Total 78 cases of IA were included in the analyses...
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896157/congenital-neonatal-intestinal-obstruction-retrospective-analysis-at-tertiary-care-hospital
#13
Vijay Singh, Manish Pathak
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to analyze the etiology, clinical presentation and outcome of neonatal intestinal obstruction at our institute. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical record of all the patients, presented with intestinal obstruction in neonatal period during 2014 and 2015 was reviewed retrospectively for etiology, clinical features, investigations, management, and outcome. RESULTS: Out of total 53 cases of neonatal intestinal obstruction, 27 were of intestinal atresia (9 cases (17%) were of duodenal atresia, 7 (13%) were of jejunal atresia and 8 (13%) were ileal atresias and 3 cases were found with colonic atresia); 7 were malrotation, 17 were Hirschsprung's disease (HD)...
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896156/modified-gut-anastomotic-technique-in-type-iii-and-type-iv-jejunoileal-atresias
#14
Kamal Nain Rattan, Deepak Kumar Garg
BACKGROUND: Type III and IV jejunoileal atresias are associated with loss of significant length of the gut and can lead to short gut syndrome if further resection of proximal dilated gut is done. We modified the anastomotic technique so that proximal dilated segment of the gut is not resected as to prevent short gut syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical Record of patients of Type III and IV jejuno-ileal atresias managed with modified anastomotic technique in our center during 5-years was reviewed...
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895453/a-case-of-a-living-related-kidney-transplantation-after-ex-vivo-repair-of-the-donor-renal-artery-aneurysm
#15
P Christopoulos, A Faryal, M Dosani, D Rix, D Talbot
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplantation is the definite surgical treatment for end-stage renal disease. Shortage of organs and the increasing number of patients with end-stage renal disease has led to an expansion of the selection criteria promoting the use of organs from marginal donors. Use of kidneys with renal artery aneurysm (RAA) is one such example. Description of the case: We report a case of living-related kidney transplantation from a 46-year-old female donor with unilateral RAA to her 68-year-old father...
January 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893300/the-use-of-robotic-and-laparoscopic-surgical-stapling-devices-during-minimally-invasive-colon-and-rectal-surgery-a-comparison
#16
Jeremy L Holzmacher, Samuel Luka, Madiha Aziz, Richard L Amdur, Samir Agarwal, Vincent Obias
PURPOSE: To date there exists no published study examining the safety and efficacy of the EndoWrist 45 (Intuitive Surgical, Inc.) robotic stapler. We compared outcomes between the robotic and comparable laparoscopic stapler in robotic-assisted colorectal procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 93 patients who underwent robotic-assisted colorectal surgery at our institution from 2012 to 2014. Surgeries included left, sigmoid, subtotal and total colectomies, and low anterior rectal resections...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890312/variables-associated-with-loss-of-ileoanal-pouches-constructed-in-childhood
#17
Khaled Abdelaal, Bruce Jaffray
AIMS: To quantify the incidence of loss of an ileoanal pouch in children and to identify variables associated this event. METHODS: Logistic regression of possible explanatory variables: age, sex, indication for procto-colectomy, pre-operative continence status, use of immunosuppressive drugs, open or laparoscopic surgery, number of stages, anastomotic leak, operative complication excluding anastomotic leak, performance of revisional surgery, albumin concentration and platelet count at time of surgery, rank order in series...
November 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887021/an-unusual-presentation-of-a-rare-disease-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-following-abdominal-sepsis
#18
Carly R N Richards, Robert C McMurray, Erik T Criman, Margaret E Clark, Suzanne Gillern
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is an unusual disease of unknown incidence and cause. There are a wide range of associated, predisposing medical causes to include pregnancy, renal failure, immunosuppressive medication administration and hypertension. The diagnosis is made following the radiographic identification of characteristic vasogenic edema in the setting of neurologic impairment. A significant portion of patients will have long-term, if not permanent, sequelae of the disease. We present a patient who developed PRES following a hemicolectomy that was complicated by an anastomotic leak...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882512/linear-stapled-side-to-side-esophagojejunostomy-with-hand-sewn-closure-of-the-common-enterotomy-after-prophylactic-and-therapeutic-total-gastrectomy
#19
Kevin K Chang, Madhukar S Patel, Sam S Yoon
After total gastrectomy, anastomosis-related complications such as leak or stricture can be highly morbid. Between July 2005 and December 2015, a linear-stapled side-to-side esophagojejunostomy with hand-sewn closure of the common enterotomy (modified Orringer technique) was used for Roux-en-Y reconstruction after prophylactic total gastrectomy in 22 germline CDH1 mutation carriers and after therapeutic total gastrectomy in 18 patients diagnosed with gastric adenocarcinoma. All operations were performed by the same surgeon...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879140/-fluorescence-angiography-in-the-detection-of-anastomotic-perfusion-during-rectal-and-sigmoid-resection-preliminary-report
#20
M Škrovina, V Benčurik, E Holášková, J Bartoš, K Klos, M Macháčková, P Anděl
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to evaluate the results of fluorescence angiography for assessing anastomotic perfusion after resection of the sigmoid colon and rectum since its introduction into clinical practice at the authors´ workplace and to evaluate the incidence of necessary resection line repositioning based on the quality of perfusion, and also to record any complications in anastomotic healing. METHOD: Retrospective unicentric analysis of prospectively collected data from patients with resection of the sigmoid colon and rectum with primary anastomosis...
2016: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
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