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James Knox, Claire Gregory, Louise Prendergast, Chandrika Perera, Jennifer Robson, Lynette Waring
Stool specimens spiked with a panel of 46 carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) and 59 non-carbapenemase producers were used to compare the diagnostic accuracy of 4 testing algorithms for the detection of intestinal carriage of CPE: (1) culture on Brilliance ESBL agar followed by the Carba NP test; (2) Brilliance ESBL followed by the Carba NP test, plus chromID OXA-48 agar with no Carba NP test; (3) chromID CARBA agar followed by the Carba NP test; (4) chromID CARBA followed by the Carba NP test, plus chromID OXA-48 with no Carba NP test...
September 30, 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Hae-Sun Chung, Miae Lee
Rapid and accurate diagnosis of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is crucial for patient care, infection control, and efficient surveillance. We evaluated C. DIFF QUIK CHEK COMPLETE (QCC; TechLab), which detects glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) antigen (QCC-Ag) and toxin A/B (QCC-Tox) simultaneously, and compared it to the laboratory diagnostics for CDI currently in use in a tertiary hospital setting with a high prevalence of CDI. QCC, RIDASCREEN C. difficile toxin A/B assay (Toxin EIA; R-Biopharm AG), chromID C...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
Melanie L Yarbrough, Meghan A Wallace, Cynthia Marshall, Erin Mathias, C A Burnham
Urine is among the most common specimen type submitted to the clinical microbiology laboratory; the use of chromogenic agar is one method by which the laboratory might expedite culture results and reduce hands-on time and materials required for urine culture analysis. The objective of our study was to compare chromID CPS Elite (bioMérieux), a chromogenic medium, to conventional primary culture medium for evaluation of urine specimens. Remnant urine specimens (n=200) were inoculated to conventional media and to chromID CPS Elite agar (chromID)...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Zhenbo Xu, Yuchao Hou, Brian M Peters, Dingqiang Chen, Bing Li, Lin Li, Mark E Shirtliff
For the past decade, a number of chromogenic media for methicillin-resistance Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) detection have been developed and applied, including Oxoid Brilliance™ MRSA, CHROMagar™ MRSA, BBL™ CHROMagar™ MRSA, MRSASelect and chromID MRSA. The advantages of these chromogenic media offers direct detection of visible staphylococcal colonies, coupled with the use of chromogenic enzymatic substrates that can be hydrolyzed by S. aureus to confirm species or strain identification. BBL™ CHROMagar™ MRSA and MRSASelect are designed for detection of nasal colonization by MRSA, while CHROMagar™ MRSA, Oxoid Brilliance™ MRSA and chromID MRSA are readily applied in bacterial screening...
November 2016: Molecular Biology Reports
Hee-Won Moon, Hyeong Nyeon Kim, Ji-Young Kim, Mina Hur, Heejung Kim, Yeo-Min Yun
OBJECTIVES: Nucleic acid amplification tests are commonly used for the direct detection of toxigenic Clostridium difficile. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of newly launched, artus C. difficile QS-RGQ Kit (artus C. difficile, QIAGEN, Hilden, Germany), in comparison with toxigenic culture (TC) and Xpert C. difficile (Cepheid, Sunnyvale, CA, USA). DESIGN AND METHODS: In prospectively collected 261 diarrheal specimens, the artus C. difficile and the Xpert C...
August 21, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
Delphine Martiny, Anne Dediste, Claire Anglade, Linda Vlaes, Catherine Moens, Souad Mohamed, Olivier Vandenberg
chromID™ Salmonella Elite is compared with 3 culture media commonly used for Salmonella isolation from stool specimens. As results were equivalent to other chromogenic media (100% sensitivity, 98% specificity), only financial arguments should guide the choice for a medium with respect to another.
October 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
João Pires, Esther Kuenzli, Sara Kasraian, Regula Tinguely, Hansjakob Furrer, Markus Hilty, Christoph Hatz, Andrea Endimiani
We aimed to assess the intestinal colonization dynamics by multiple extended-spectrum cephalosporin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (ESC-R-Ent) clones in Swiss travelers to India, a country with high prevalence of these multidrug-resistant pathogens. Fifteen healthy volunteers (HVs) colonized with ESC-R-Ent after traveling to India who provided stools before, after, and at 3- and 6-month follow-up are presented in this study. Stools were enriched in a LB broth containing 3 mg/L cefuroxime and plated in standard selective media (BLSE, ChromID ESBL, Supercarba) to detect carbapenem- and/or ESC-R-Ent...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
M Papadimitriou-Olivgeris, S Filippidou, F Kolonitsiou, E Drougka, K Koutsileou, F Fligou, V Dodou, S Sarrou, M Marangos, A Vantarakis, E D Anastassiou, E Petinaki, I Spiliopoulou
UNLABELLED: The aims were to assess the performance of Vitek 2 in identifying enterococcal species and the implementation of GeneXpert(®) vanA/vanB PCR for the detection of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE). Gram-positive cocci from clinical and environmental specimens (n = 431) suspicious of being enterococci by conventional methods were evaluated by Vitek 2. This system identified 296 Enterococcus faecium, 87 Enterococcus faecalis, 10 Enterococcus villorum, 9 Enterococcus gallinarum, 9 Enterococcus durans, 5 Enterococcus casseliflavus, 1 Enterococcus spp...
September 2016: Letters in Applied Microbiology
Patricia L Marucci, María A Cubitto
The experiments were performed with Escherichia coli O157:H7 EDL 933 in freshwater microcosms at 12 °C. At 35, 45, and 70 days, samples were taken and filtered through 0.45 μm membrane filters. The following alternatives were tested to evaluate the recovery percentage of injured cells: (1) selective media CHROMagar(™)O157 and chromID(™)O157:H7 agar, at 37 °C for 24 h; (2) tryptic soy agar supplemented with yeast extract (TSAE), incubated at 25 °C for 2 or 4 h, then transferred to CHROMagar(™)O157 or chromID(™)O157:H7 agar at 37 °C (TSAE2h-CHROM, TSAE4h-CHROM and TSAE2h-ID, TSAE4h-ID); (3) thin agar layer (TAL) method, TSAE was overlaid on CHROMagar(™)O157 or chromID(™)O157:H7 agar (TALCHROM and TALID, respectively) and incubated at 37 °C for 24 h; and (4) TALCHROM at 25 °C for 4 h, then continued up to complete 24 h at 37 °C (TALCHROM4h)...
July 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
A Olling, H Leidinger, R Hoffmann
To compare Clostridium. (C.) difficile toxin A/B and glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) enzyme immunoassays or rapid diagnostic tests to toxinogenic culture on recently described highly selective agar plates. Five hundred consecutive samples sent in for C. difficile diagnostics were tested by toxin A/B enzyme immunoassay (EIA) and rapid diagnostic test (RDT), GDH EIA and RDT, and culture on chromID C. difficile plates for 48 hrs, with toxin testing from culture if the toxin EIA from feces was negative. Samples with discordant results from EIA and RDT were submitted to C...
October 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Theodore Gouliouris, Beth Blane, Hayley J Brodrick, Kathy E Raven, Kirsty E Ambridge, Angela D Kidney, Nazreen F Hadjirin, M Estée Török, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Sharon J Peacock
We compared ChromID VRE and Brilliance VRE media for the detection of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE). Using a panel of 28 enterococcal isolates, 10 vanA Enterococcus faecium and three vanA Enterococcus faecalis isolates grew as per manufacturers' instructions whilst growth of two vanC and eight vancomycin-susceptible enterococci was inhibited on both media. Important differences were noted in the selectivity and chromogenic properties of the two media for vanA Enterococcus raffinosus and vanB E. faecium...
August 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Shinako Fukigai, Makiko Morimoto, Kouji Kimura, Yo Doyama, Akira Miyazaki, Chitose Kamiya, Hirotsugu Banno, Eriko Morishima, Tomohiro Onoda, Noriyuki Nagano, Wanchun Jin, Jun-Ichi Wachino, Keiko Yamada, Yoshichika Arakawa
We evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of a commercially available methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)-selective agar, chromID(™) MRSA, to detect group B streptococci with reduced penicillin susceptibility (PRGBS) in this study. The results showed 72.4% (21/29) sensitivity and 98.4% (60/61) specificity to detect PRGBS using this method.
July 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
L White, K L Hopkins, D Meunier, C L Perry, R Pike, P Wilkinson, R W Pickup, J Cheesbrough, N Woodford
BACKGROUND: Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) are an emerging infection control problem in hospitals worldwide. Identifying carriers may help reduce potential spread and infections. AIM: To assess whether testing hospital wastewater for CPE can supplement patient-based screening for infection prevention purposes in a hospital without a recognized endemic CPE problem. METHODS: Wastewater collected from hospital pipework on 16 occasions during February to March 2014 was screened for CPE using chromID(®) CARBA agar and chromID(®) CPS agar with a 10μg ertapenem disc and combination disc testing...
June 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
Patricia J Simner, Isabella Martin, Belita Opene, Pranita D Tamma, Karen C Carroll, Aaron M Milstone
Rectal swabs from high-risk patients were screened for carbapenem-resistant organisms (CROs) using several methods. The direct MacConkey plate method was the most sensitive for CROs (95%), while chromID CARBA and the Check-Direct CPE screen assay were the most sensitive for the detection of carbapenemase-producing organisms (CPOs) (100%; all blaKPC). All methods had a specificity of >90% for CROs, and for CPOs, the specificity ranged from 85 to 98%. Broth enrichment methods performed poorly compared to direct inoculation methods, negating the need for the broth enrichment step...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
S Kleist, M Ulbrich, N Bill, K Schmidt-Hohagen, R Geffers, D Schomburg
Having the right coping strategy for changes in osmolarity or desiccation is essential for the survival of every cell. So far, nothing is known about compatible solutes and the salt adaptation of the marine Rhodobacteraceae. The family member Dinoroseobacter shibae DFL12(T) is shown here to form the compatible solutes α-glucosylglycerol (GG) and α-glucosylglycerate (GGA). To our knowledge, this is the first experimental evidence for GGA formation within the α-proteobacteria. Together with glutamate and putrescine, these substances enable good growth in salinity ranging from 0...
February 23, 2016: Environmental Microbiology
Jonathan H K Chen, Vincent C C Cheng, Oi-Ying Wong, Sally C Y Wong, Simon Y C So, Wing-Cheong Yam, Kwok-Yung Yuen
The clinical workflow of using chromogenic agar and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-fight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) for Clostridium difficile identification was evaluated. The addition of MALDI-TOF MS identification after the chromID C. difficile chromogenic agar culture could significantly improve the diagnostic accuracy of C. difficile.
January 11, 2016: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
Bavo Verhaegen, Inge Van Damme, Marc Heyndrickx, Nadine Botteldoorn, Mohamed Elhadidy, Karen Verstraete, Katelijne Dierick, Sarah Denayer, Lieven De Zutter, Koen De Reu
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) remains a major foodborne pathogen of concern across the globe. Rapid detection and isolation of this pathogen is of great importance for public health reasons. In this study the detection and isolation of four non-O157 STEC strains (O26, O103, O111, O145) from different artificially contaminated matrices, namely ground (minced) beef, cattle carcass swab, lettuce mix and sprouted soy beans, were evaluated. Low amounts of STEC were used (0.25-1.40 cfu/g) to spike the samples...
February 16, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Marijke Verhegghe, Florence Crombé, Kaat Luyckx, Freddy Haesebrouck, Patrick Butaye, Lieve Herman, Marc Heyndrickx, Geertrui Rasschaert
Since the first description of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA), a high prevalence was observed in pigs. At present, questions remain about the transmission of LA-MRSA to the general human population through pork. The objectives of the present study were to determine the prevalence of LA-MRSA in Belgian pork and to determine the role of the pork production chain and butcheries in transmission of LA-MRSA to the human population. Pig meat samples (chops, bacon, minced pork, ribs, forelimbs, and ears; n = 137) originating from four butcheries (A through D) were spread plated on ChromID MRSA plates both before and after overnight enrichment culture...
January 2016: Journal of Food Protection
Matthew L Faron, Blake W Buchan, Chiara Vismara, Carla Lacchini, Alessandra Bielli, Giovanni Gesu, Theo Liebregts, Anita van Bree, Arjan Jansz, Genevieve Soucy, John Korver, Nathan A Ledeboer
Recently, systems have been developed to create total laboratory automation for clinical microbiology. These systems allow for the automation of specimen processing, specimen incubation, and imaging of bacterial growth. In this study, we used the WASPLab to validate software that discriminates and segregates positive and negative chromogenic methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) plates by recognition of pigmented colonies. A total of 57,690 swabs submitted for MRSA screening were enrolled in the study...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Beth Blane, Hayley J Brodrick, Theodore Gouliouris, Kirsty E Ambridge, Angela D Kidney, Catherine M Ludden, Direk Limmathurotsakul, M Estée Török, Sharon J Peacock
ChromID ESBL agar and Brilliance ESBL agar were compared for the isolation of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae from 298 stools. These had comparable sensitivity and selectivity for the 116 positive samples. Pre-enrichment with cefpodoxime and extending incubation to 48 hours after direct plating both significantly increased sensitivity but reduced selectivity of both agars.
March 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
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